Page images
[ocr errors]


SAB'BATH, n. s. Heb. ngu, signifying From the accounts we have of the religious

SABBAY'ICAL, adj. rest; Fr. sabbat; Lat. sabe service practised in the patriarchal age, it apbatum. The day appointed by God for public pears that, immediately after the fall, when Adam worship among Jews and Christians: the adjec. was restored to favor through a mediator, a stated tive corresponding

form of public worship was instituted, which I purpose,

man was required to observe, in testimony, not And by our holy sabbaih have I sworn,

only of his dependence on the Creator, but also To have the due and forfeit of my bond.

of his faith and hope in the promise made to

Shakspeare. our first parents, and seen afar off. It is no obThe usurer is the greatest sabbathbreaker, because jection to the early institution of the Sabbath his plough goes every Sunday. Bacon's Esslys. that it is not mentioned in the history of

The sabbathless pursuit of wealth is the present the patriarchal age. When Moses wrote the disease of Great Britain.

Bacon. book of Genesis it was unnecessary to relate Never any sabbath of release

minutely transactions and institutions already Could free his travels and afflictions deep.

well known by tradition; accordingly we see Daniel's Civil War.

that his narrative is every where very concise, Glad we returned up to the coasts of light, Ere sabbath ev'ning.


and calculated only to preserve the memory of Nor can his blessed soul look down from heaven,

the most important facts. The sabbath is first Or break the eternal sabbath of his rest,

taken notice of as a well known solemnity; and To see her miseries on earth.

Dryden. the incidental manner in which it is mentioned is The appointment and observance of the sabbatical a convincing proof that the Israelites were no year, and, after the seventh sabbatical year, a year strangers to the institution; for, had it been a of jubilee, is a circumstance of great moment, new one, it must have been enjoined in a positive

Forbes. and particular manner, and the nature of it must Peaceful sleep out the sabbath of the tomb, have been laid open and explained, otherwise the And wake to raptures in a life to come. Pope, term would have conveyed no meaning.

Sabbath, Heb. now, i. e. rest. The seventh The division of time into, weeks, or periods day was so denominated, because in it God had of seven days, which obtained so early and al

šted from his works of creation. From that most universally, is a strong indication that one time the seventh day was set apart for religious day in seven was always distinguished in a parservices; and, by a particular injunction, was

ne ticular manner. God commanded Noah, seven afterwards observed by the Hebrews 24 holy days before he entered the ark, to introduce into day. They were commanded to set it apart for? sacred purposes in honor of the creation being of the flood began to abate, Noah sent forth a completed in six days, God resting on the dove, which, h

dove, which, finding no rest for the sole of her seventh.

foot, returned to him. After seven days he sent The importance of the institution may be ga- forth the dove a second time; again she returned thered from the different laws respecting it. 10

it to the ark, &c. This septenary division of time When the ten commandments were published has been, from the earliest ages, uniformly obfrom Mount Sinai, the law of the Sabbath beld served over all the eastern world. The Assya place in what is commonly called the first rians, Egyptians, Arabians, and Persians, made table, and by subsequent statutes the violation use of a week, consisting of seven days. Many of it was punished with death. Six days were vain attempts have been made to account for this allowed for the service of man; but the seventh uniformity; but a practice so general and prevaGod reserved to bimself, and appointed it to be lent could never have taken place had not the abserved as a stated time for holy offices, and septenary distribution of time been instituted the duties of piety and devotion. 'On this day from the beginning, and handed down by tradithe ministers of the temple entered upon their tion. From the same source also must the anweek; and those who had attended on the tem- cient heathens have derived their notions of the ple service the preceding week went out at the sacredness of the seventh day. That they had same time. New loaves of show-bread were such notions of it is evident from several pasplaced upon the golden table, and the old ones sages of the Greek poets, quoted by Aristobulus, taken away. Tuo lambs for burnt offering a learned Jew, by Clement of Alexandria, and with a certain proportion of fine flour mingled Eusebius. with oil, and wine for a libation, were offered.

eßdoun, upov nuap. Hesiod. The Sabbath too was celebrated from evening to The seventh, the sacred day. evening. It began at six in the evening on Friday, and ended at the same time the next

Εβδοματη δ' ηπειτα καταλυθεν, ερον ημαρ. day. Concerning the time at which the Sab

"Homer, bath day was first instituted, different opinions

Afterwards came the seventh, the sacred day. have been held, some have maintained that the That they likewise held the number seven in sanctificaion of the seventh day, mentioned in high estimation has been also shown. The PyGen ii., is only there spoken of dia #poletiv, or thagoreans call it the venerable number, geßaous by anticipation; and is to be understood of the agios, worthy of veneration, and held it to be Sabbath afterwards enjoined the children of perfect and most proper to religion. These facts Israel. But it cannot be supposed that the in- can be accounted for only by admitting the spired penman would have mentioned the sanc- primeval institution of the Sabbath, as related tification of the seventh day amongst the pri- by Moses in the book of Genesis. That institumeral transactions, if such sanctification had lion was absolutely necessary to preserve amon; not taken place until 2500 years afterwards. men a sense of religion ; and it was renewed 10 the Jews at the giving of the law, and its ob- tenance of the clergy and the relief of the poor. servance enforced by the severest penalties. It On this day they abstained, as much as they was accordingly observed by them with more or could, from bodily labor. They looked upon less strictness in every period of their common- it as a day of joy and gladness; and therefore wealth and kingdom; and there is no one of the all fasting on it was prohibited, even during institutions of their divine lawgiver which, in Lent, their great annual fast.-Such was the zeal their present state of dispersion, they more of those times that nothing, no, not the severest highly honor. In the time of the Maccabees persecutions, hindered them from celebrating they carried their respect for the Sabbath so very holy offices on this day; and, when they could high that they would not on that day defend not meet in the day time, they assembled in the themselves from the attacks of their enemies. morning before it was light. When the empire But afterwards they did not scruple to stand became Christian, Constantine and his successors upon their necessary defence, although they made laws for the more solemn observation of would do nothing to prevent the enemy from the Lord's day. They prohibited all prosecucarrying on their operations. When our Saviour tions and pleadings, and other juridical matters, was on earth, it was no sin to loose a beast from to be transacted on it, and also all unnecessary the stall, and lead him to water; and, if he had labor. chanced to fall into a ditch, they pulled him out; SABBATH BREAKING, or profanation of the but now it is absolutely unlawful to give a crea- Lord's day, is punished by the municipal laws ture in that situation any other assistance than of England. The keeping one day in seven holy, that of food. Their various ceremonies are so as a time of relaxation and refreshment, as well trifling, superstitious, and ridiculous, that we as for public worship, is of great service to a state, think it would be disgracing a work of science considered merely as a civil institution. The to take up room with them. Vide Buxtorf's laws of king Athelstan forbad all merchandising Judaica Synagoga; and Allen's Modern Judaism. on the Lord's day, under very severe penalties.

As the seventh day was observed by the And by the statute 27 Henry VI., c. 5, no fair Jewish church, in memory of the rest of God or market shall be held on the principal festivals, after the works of creation, so the first day of Good Friday, or any Sunday (except the four the week has always been observed by the Chris- Sundays in harvest), on pain of forfeiting the tian church, in memory of the resurrection of goods exposed to sale. And by the statute 1 Jesus Christ, by which he completed the work Car. I., c. 1, no persons shall assemble, out of of man's redemption on earth, and rescued him their own parishes, for any sport whatsoever, from the dominion of him who has the power of upon this day; nor, in their parishes, shall use death. This day was denominated by the primi- any bull or bear beating, interludes, plays, or tive Christians the Lord's Day, or Sunday, but other unlawful exercises or pastimes, on pain it was never styled the Sabbath; a name solely that every offender shall pay 3s. 4d. to the poor. appropriated to Saturday, or the seventh day, By statute 29 Car. II., c. 7, no person is allowed both by sacred and ecclesiastical writers. Of to work on the Lord's day, or use any boat or the change from the seventh to the first day of barge, or expose any goods to sale, except meat the week, or even of the institution of the Lord's in public houses, milk at certain hours, and Day festival, there is no account in the New Tes- works of necessity or charity, on forfeiture of 5s. tament. However, it may be fairly inferred SABBATH Day's JOURNEY, a measure, among from it that the first day of the week was, in the the ancient Jews, of 729 English paces and three apostolic age, a stated time for public worship. feet; or 2000 cubits; or 3648 feet. On this day the apostles were assembled, when SABBATICAL YEAR, or the year of jubilee, among the Holy Ghost came down so visibly upon them the ancient Jews, was every seventh year; in to qualify them for the conversion of the world. which it was unlawful to till the ground, and all On this day we find St. Paul preaching at Troas, slaves were set at liberty, except those who prewhen the disciples came to break bread : and ferred continuing in service to freedom. There the directions which the same apostle gives to was also a grand sabbatical year held by the Jews the Corinthians, concerning their contributions with uncommon splendor every forty-ninth year; for the relief of their suffering brethren, plainly though some commentators assert it was held the allude to their religious assemblies on the first fiftieth year. See JUBILEE. day of the week. From the consentient evidence SABEANS, in ancient history, a tribe of and uniform practice of the primitive church, Arabs, descended from Sheba, the son of Cush, and also from the attestation of Pliny, we find or from Sheba, the son of Raamah, and grandson that the first day of the week was observed in of Cush. . They inhabited the country called the earliest ages as a holy day or festival, in Saba or Sheba; they carried off Job's cattle, and honor of the resurrection of Christ. In the were afterwards conquered by Cyrus. early ages this day was occupied in a constant SABEANS, in ecclesiastical history, a sect of attendance on all the offices of divine worship. Christian heretics, who held mixed doctrines deOn it they held their religious assemblies, in rived from Christianity, Judaism, Mahometanism, which the writings of the apostles and prophets and Paganism. They adopted baptism after were read to the people, and the doctrines of the example, and in commemoration of, John Christianity pressed upon them by the exhorta- the Baptist; but did not administer it in the tions of the clergy. Solemn prayers and praises name of the Trinity. They have four sacraments; were offered up to God, and hymns sung in baptism, the eucharist, orders, and marriage. honor of Christ; the Lord's supper was cele- Both ministers and laity are allowed two wives. brated ; and collections were made for the main- They still retain some knowledge of the gospel; but their superstitious ceremonies and frequent he adds, that they pretend to be of the religion washings are supposed to be of Jewish origin, of Noah. Some charge them with worshipping and derived from the Hemerobaptists, who had the stars; and others the angels or demons. a chief of the name of John.

Maimonides attributes both to them. SABELLI, an ancient people of Italy, de- Sale, in his preliminary discourse to the Koran, scended from the Sabines, or, as others say, of has given the following brief account of the the Samnites. They inhabited that part of Italy tenets and worship of this sect: They believe which lay between the Sabines and the Marsi. in the existence of one God, though they also

SABELLIANS, in ecclesiastical history, a pay an adoration to the stars, or the angels and sect of the third century, who embraced the intelligences which they suppose reside in them, opinions of Sabellius. They maintained that the and govern the world under the supreme Deity. Word and the Holy Spirit are only virtues, ema- They endeavour to perfect themselves in the nations, or functions of the Deity; and held that four intellectual virtues, and believe the souls of he who is in heaven is the Father and Creator of wicked men will be punished for 9000 ages, but all things, that he, through the virgin, became a will afterwards be received to mercy. They are child; and that, having accomplished the mys- obliged to pray three times a day, before sunlery of our salvation, he diffused himself on the rise, before noon, and before sun-set; and in apostles in tongues of fire, and was then denomi- praying they turn their faces, as some say, to the nated the Holy Ghost. This they explained by north ; according to others to the south, to Mecresembling God to the sun, the illuminative vir- ca, or to the star to which they pay their devotue or quality of which was the Word, and its tion. They have three fasts in the year; the warming virtue the Holy Spirit. The Word, first lasts thirty days, the second nine days, and they taught, was darted like a divine ray, to ac- the last seven. They offer many sacrifices, of complish the work of redemption; and that, which they eat no part, but wholly burn them. being re-ascended to heaven, the influences of They abstain from beans, garlic, and some other the Father were communicated after a like man- pulse and vegetables. ner to the apostles. They were anathematised in SABINA (Julia), a Roman lady, who married a council held at Constantinople, A. D. 381. the emperor Adrian, by advice of Plotina, Tra

SABELLICUS (Mark Anthony Coccius), a jan's widow. She is celebrated for her virtues, learned Italian, born at a small town upon the but was ill used by her husband, though she asTeveron, in the fifteenth century. He became sisted in raising him to the empire. Some say professor of belles lettres at Vicenza, and died he even poisoned her. She had been thirty-eight in the seventieth year of his age.

years married to him when she died A.D. 138. SABELLIUS, an ancient philosopher of Egypt, SA'BINE, n. s. Fr.: subine; Lat. sabina. A the founder of the sect of the Sabellians, was a na- plant. tive of Libya. He first broached his doctrines Subine or savin will make fine hedges, and may be in the third century, about the year 255, in Pto- brought into any form by clipping much beyond lemais. He taught, according to Epiphanius, trees.

Mortimer. that the same person is Father, Son, and Holy SABINE, or Savin. See JUNIPERUS. Ghost; so that there are only three denomina- SABINES, or Sabini, an ancient nation of tions in one hypostasis or subsistence; or, as in Italy, reckoned among the Aborigines. Some, man, body, soul, and spirit. This author says however, say they were originally a colony of that the Sabellians agreed with the Noetians, ex- Spartans, who settled in that part of Italy. cept in one thing, viz. that they said the Father Their territories were situated in the neighbourdid not suffer. Theodoret's account of Sabellius hood of Rome between the Nar and the Anio, is, that he taught the Father, and the Son, and and bounded on the north by the Appennines and the Holy Spirit, to be one hypostasis or subsis- Umbria; east by the dominions of the Æqui; tence, and one person with three names ; that he south by Latium; and west by Etruria. Their speaks of the same sometimes as Father, some- chief cities were Cures, Fidena, Crustumerium, times as Son, and sometimes as Holy Ghost. Collatia, Corniculum, Nomentum, and Reate.

SABIA, a country of Eastern Africa, to the The greatest part of the neighbouring nations south of Sofala, traversed by a river of the same were descended from them; particularly the name, which falls into the Indian Ocean. Sabelli, the Samnites, the Umbrians, Æqui, Slaves, ivory, and gold dust, may be procured Brutii, Marsi, &c. Under their king Titus

. Tatius they made war with the Romans under SABIANS, or SABÆANS, an ancient sect of Romulus, on account of the rape of their virgins; idolaters, who worshipped the sun. Some critics but, after several battles, the war was put an end derive the name from the Hebrew Tsaba, a host to by the women on whose account it was comor army, because they worshipped the host of menced, who by this time were attached to their heaven, the Tsaba hememim, against which Roman husbands; a peace was concluded, the idolatry Moses cautions the Israelites. The nations united, and Romulus and Tatius reigned word is sometimes also written Sabaites, Za- jointly for six years over both nations, till Tatius bæans, Zabians, Zabaites, Tsabæans, Tsabians, was killed. See Rome. After this they occaand Tsabaists. Mahomet, in the Koran, and sionally revolted, but were finally subdued and the Arabian authors since him, make frequent incorporated as Roman citizens about A. U.C. mention of them. Beidavius, in his comment 373. on the Koran, represec:s them as a kind of mean S ABINUS, a native of Sparta, the founder of between the Christians ana the Magusians, who the Sabine nation, to whom he gave name. He are the followers of the Magi among the Persians: was deified after his death.


SABINUS (Flavius), a brother of the emperor Adoring first the genius of the place. Vespasian, famed for his fidelity to Vitellius. And night, and all the stars that gild her rable He commanded the Roman armies thirty-five


Druder. years, and governed Rome twelve years, but

The peacock's plumes thy tackle must not fail, was killed in an insurrection of the people. Nor the dear purchase of the sable's tail. Gay.

SABINUS (Julius), a Roman commander, who SABLE, in heraldry, signifies black; and, in proclaimed himself emperor, in opposition to engraving, is expressed by horizontal and perpenVespasian, but, being defeated soon after, hid dicular lines crossing each other. Alexander himself for nine years in a cave, attended by his Nisbet says that the duke of Anjou, king of wife and two faithful domestics; but being dis- Sicily, after the loss of that kingdom, appeared covered he was dragged before Vespasian, and at a tournament in Germany all in black, with by his order put to death, though his wife en- his shield of that tincture, semé de larmes, i.e. deavoured to excite Vespasian's compassion, by sprinkled with drops of water to represent tears, showing him the twins she had borne in the cave. indicating by that both his grief and loss.

SABINUS (Francis Floridus), a learned writer, SABLE, in zoology. See MUSTELA. The who flourished soon after the restoration of let- chase of these animals, in the more barbarous ters in Europe. His chief works are, In Calam- times of the Russian empire, was the employ, or niatores Plauti et aliorum linguæ Latinæ scrip- rather task of the unhappy exiles in Siberia. sorum apologia, Basil, 1540; and Lectionum As that country is now become more populous, Successivarum libri tres. Franc. 1602, 8vo. He the sables have in a great measure quitted it, and died in 1547.

retired north and east to live in desert forests SABINUS (George), a celebrated Latin poet, and mountains; they live near the banks of born in the electorate of Brandenburg in 1508. rivers, or in the little islands in them; on this His poem, Res gestæ Cæsarum Germanorum, account they have by some been supposed to be spread his reputation all over Germany, and pro- the Laßeploy of Aristotle (Hist. An. lib. viii. c. cured him the patronage of several princes; he 5), which he classes with the animals conversant was made professor of the belles lettres at Frank- among waters. The hunters of sables formed fort on the Oder, rector of the academy of Ko- themselves into troops, from five to forty eacb; nigsburg, and counsellor to the elector of Bran- the last subdivided into lesser parties, and each denburg. He married two wives, the first was chooses a leader, but one directs the whole; a the eldest daughter of the famous reformer Me- small covered boat is provided for each party, lancthon. He died in 1560. His poems have loaded with provisions, a dog and net for every been often printed.

two men, and a vessel to bake their bread in; SABIONCELLO, or SABIONEIRA, a penin- each party has also an interpreter for the country sula of Austrian Dalmatia, having the islands of they penetrate into. Every party then sets out Curzolo and Meleda on the south, and on the according to the course their chief points out; north the island of Lesina, from which it is sepa- they go against the stream of the rivers, drawing rated by a part of the gulf of Venice called the their boats up, till they arrive in the hunting Canal of Sabioncello, or the Stagno. Forty-five country; there they stop, build huts, and wait miles north-west of Ragusa.

till the waters are frozen, and the season comSABIONETTA, a town of Mantuan, now mences. They then penetrate into the woods; Austrian Italy, with a castle. It was for a time mark the trees as they advance, that they may the capital of a principality of the same name, know their way back; and in their hunting given in 1806, by an imperial decree of Buona- quarters form huts of trees, and bank up the parte, to his sister Paulina, and her husband, the snow round them; near these they lay their prince Borghese, duke of Guastalla. Nineteen traps; then advance farther, and lay more traps, miles S.S. W. of Mantua. Inhabitants 6000. still building new huts in every quarter, and re

SA'BLE, n. s. & adj. Fr. sable; Swed. sabel; turn successively to every old one to visit the Lat. zibella. Fur; black.

traps and take out the game to skin it, which the By this the drooping daylight 'gan to fade,

chief of the party alone must do; during this And yield his room to sad succeeding night,

time they are supplied with provisions by persons Who with her sable mantle 'gan to shade

who are employed to bring it on sledges, from The face of earth, and ways of living wight.

the places on the road, where they are obliged to

Faerie Queene. form magazines. The traps are a sort of pit-fall, Furiously running in upon him with timultuous with a loose board placed over it, baited with speech, he violently raught from his head his rich fish or flesh; when sables grow scarce the cap of sables.

Knolles. hunters trace them in the new-fallen snow to their Sable is worn of great personages, and brought out holes ; place their nets at the entrance; and of Russia, being the fur of a little beast of that sometimes wait two or three days for the comname, esteemed for the perfectness of the colour of ing out of the animal. The season of chase being the hairs, which are very black. Hence sable, in

over, the hunters re-assemble, make a report to heraldry, signifies the black colour in gentlemen's

their leader of the number of sables each has

Peacham on Blazoning. arms. With him inthroned

taken; share the booty; then continue at the Sat sable-vested night, eldest of things,

head-quarters till the rivers are clear of ice; and The consort of his reign. Milton's Paradise Lost. afierwards return home. They soon begin that tragick play,

SABLES, D'OLUNE DES, a port in the west And with their smoky cannons banish day :

of France, in La Vendée. It is well built, and Night, horrour, slaughter, with confusion meet, has a harbour capable of admitting vessels of ind in their sable arms embrace the fleet. Wuller. considerable size. The chief traffic is in bay salt, corn, and cattle. It has an extensive Ashery allow him all the pleasures and gratifications he of pilchards. Inhabitants 5200. Forty-five could wish before he was carried to execution. miles south of Nantes.

SACCANIA, one of the four provinces into SABLIERE (Anthony), de Ranbouille de la, a which the Peloponnesus or Morea was divided French poet, who died in Paris in 1680. His by the Turks. It is bounded by the province Madrigals, which are much celebrated, were of Zakounia (the ancient Laconia) by the isthpublished after his death by his son.

mus of Corinth, and the gulfs of Lepanto, Egina, SABOLCS, a palatinate of the east of Hun- and Napoli, and comprehends the ancient terrigary, bounded on the west and north by the river tories of Corinth, Sicyon, and Argos, forming Theyss. It has a superficial extent of 2120 the north-east part of the Morea. See GREECE. square miles, consisting entirely of level ground; SACCHARINE, adj. Lat. saccharum. Havin part covered with sand, and another part with ing the taste, or any other of the chief qualities small lakes, of so little depth as to dry up in of sugar. summer, when soda is found in the bottom. The Manna is an essential saccharine salt, sweating Theyss often overflows its banks, and causes from the leaves of most plants. great ravages; yet this district produces large

Arbuthnot on Aliments. quantities of corn, tobacco, and fruit. The chief SACCHAROMETER, the name of an instrutown is Nagy Kallo, and the inhabitants of the ment for ascertaining the value of worts, and the palatinate, amounting to 135,000, are Calvinists. strength of different kinds of malt liquors. It is

SABON, an island of a triangular form, at merely an hydrometer contrived to ascertain the the south entrance of the straits of Malacca. It specific gravity of worts, or rather to compare is about twenty-four miles in circumference, and the weight of worts with that of equal quantities separated from the island of Sumatra by a navi- of the liquor employed in the brewery. The gable channel, called the Straits of Sabon. Long. principle is as follows :-The menstruum or 103° 21' E., lat. 0° 42' N

water employed by the brewer becomes heavier SA'BRE, n. s. Fr. sabre. I suppose of or more dense by the addition of such parts of Turkish original, says Johnson: and we have the materials as have been dissolved or extracted Span, sable ; Arab. seif. A cymetar; a short by, and thence incorporated with it: the operasword with a convex edge; a falchion.

tion of boiling, and its subsequent cooling, still To me the cries of fighting fields are charms; adds to the density of it by evaporation : so that, Keen be my sabre, and of proof my arms ;

when it is submitted to the action of fermentaI ask no other blessing of my stars,

tion, it is more dense than at any other period. No prize but famne, no mistress but the wars. In passing through this operation a remarkable

Dryden. alteration takes place. The fluid no sooner beSeamed o'er with wounds, which his own sabre gins to ferment 'than its density begins to dimigave,

Dish ; and, as the fermentation is more or less In the vile habit of a village slave,

perfect, the fermentable matter becomes more The foe deceived.

Pope's Odyssey.
rupes vayssey.

or less

or less attenuated; and, in lieu of every particle SABRE, a kind of sword with a very broad and thus attenuated, a spirituous particle, of less heavy blade, thick at the back, and a little fal- density than water, is produced ; so that when cated or crooked towards the point : it is gene- the liquor is again in a state of quietude, it is so rally worn by the heavy cavalry. The grena- much specifically lighter than it was before, as diers, belonging to the whole of the French the act of fermentation has been capable of atteinfantry, are likewise armed with sabres. The nuating the component parts of its acquired blade is not so long as that of a small sword, density. but it is nearly twice as broad. French hussars SACCHARUM, the sugar cane, in botany, a wear the curved ones somewhat longer than genus of the digynia order and triandria class of those of the grenadiers.

plants; natural order fourth, gramina : CAL. none SABRE-TASCHE, from the Ger. tasche, but a long down : Cor. bivalved. Species elepocket. An appointment or part of accoutrement ven; the chief is, S. officinarum, called by forwhich has been adopted for the use and convenis mer botanists arundo saccharifera. It is a naence of dragoon officers. It consists of a pocket tive of Africa, the East Indies, and of Brazil ; which is suspended from the sword-belt on the whence it was introduced into our West India left side, by three slings to correspond with the islands soon after they were 'settled. For the belt. It is usually of an oblong shape scolloped process of making sugar, see SUGAR. at the bottom with a device in the centre, and a SACCHI (Andrew), a celebrated painter, broad lace round the edge. The color of it always born at Rome in 1594. He was the disciple of corresponds with that of the uniform.

Francis Albano, whom he afterwards surpassed SACÆ, an ancient people of Scythia, who in- in taste and correctness. He distinguished him habited the country east of Bactriana and Sog- self by his paintings in fresco, and arrived at a diana, north of Mount Imaus. They lived in high degree of perfection. The works of Sacchi tents and built no towns. Ptol. vi. 13, Herod. are finished with uncommon care and skill. He iii. c. 93.

died in 1668. SACÆA, a feast which the ancient Babylo- SACCHOLACTIC Acid. See Mucic Acid. nians and other orientals held annually in honor SACERDO'TAL, adj. Lat. sacerdotalis. of the deity Anaitas. The Sacæa were in the Priestly; belonging to the priesthood. east what the Saturnalia were at Rome, viz. a They have several offices and prayers, especially feast for the slaves. One of the ceremonies was for the dead, in which functions they use saucer dotuu 10 choose a prisoner condemned to death, and garments.

Stilling fleet.

« PreviousContinue »