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went to Edinburgh, where he studied at the Uni- seventh king of Scots, from whom it derived ity versity. He next engaged himself as an appren- name. From several original charters, still pretice to a surgeon in Edinburgh, with whom he served, it is certain that it was erected into a continued till 1716, when he went to London, royal borough by king David I, about 1126. and attended the lectures on anatomy by Dr. The territory under the jurisdiction of the boDouglas, on surgery by André, and on materia rough was extensive, and the inhabitants enjoyed medica by Strother. In 1717 he returned to many distinguished privileges, which were howEdinburgh, and afterwards he went to Leyden, ever gradually wrested from them in favor of Glasthen the most famous medical school in Europe. gow, which in later times rose into consequence In 1719 he went to France, and was, in July, by trade and inanufactures. It is now much admitted to the degree of M. D, at the Univer- reduced, consisting of but one street and a few sity of Rheims. He spent the winter in Paris, lanés. About 150 yards to the south of the main for the sake of Winslow's demonstrations in street is a kind of lane, named Dins Dykes, anatomy; and in 1720 returned to Britain. In where queen Mary was for a short time stopt in 1721 he settled as a physician in Edinburgh; her flight, after the battle of Langside, by some and soon afterwards joined with Drs. Sinclair, insolent rustics. Adjoining to a lane called the Plummer, and Innes, in purchasing a laboratory, Back Row stood the castle of Rutherglen, orifor the preparation of compound medicines. ginally built about the time of the foundation of They also gave lectures on chemistry to a nume- the town. This ancient fortress underwent serous audience; and soon after on other branches veral sieges during the wars in the days of king of medicine. In 1725 they were appointed con- Robert Bruce, and it remained a place of strength junct professors in the University, and each for until the battle of Langside; soon after which it some time read lectures in every department of was destroyed by the regent, to revenge himself medical science, except anatomy, and carried on the Hamilton family, in whose custody it then forward their classes in rotation. In 1748 Dr. was. No relic of it now exists. Rutherglen Rutherford introduced a great improvement in joins with Glasgow, Renfrew, and Dumbarton, in medical education. Sensible that abstract lec- electing a member to the British parliament. tures on the symptoms and the mode of treating Rutherglen is two miles south-east of Glasgow, various diseases, of which the students know and nine west of Hamilton. little but the names, could scarcely be of any RUTHVIN, a town of North Wales, in Denbenefit, he had for some time encouraged his bighshire, with a good market on Monday, with pupils to bring patients to him on Saturday, an ancient castle seated in a valley on the Cluyd, when he enquired into the nature of their dis- ' now in ruins. The church, a handsome building, eases, and prescribed for them in the presence was made collegiate in 1310, at which time there of the class. This gave rise to the course of was here a monastery of White Friars. The clinical lectures; the utility of which was so ob town was formerly surrounded by walls, but it vious that it was enacted, by a decree of the se- is now little more than a broad ill-built street, nate of the University, that no man should be leading to the market-house, near which stands admitted to an examination for his degree who the town-hall. It has a free school and a large had not attended those lectures; to which an hospital ; fifteen miles south-west of Holywell, excellent hospital, then newly erected, gave the and 210 north-west of London. professors every opportunity of doing ample RUTILIUS Rufus (Publius), a Roman conjustice. He resigned his professorship in 1765, sul, in the age of Sylla, celebrated for his writafter having taught medicine in its different ings. Sylla having banished him, he retired to departments for upwards of forty years. He Smyrna, and refused, when solicited by his died in Edinburgh in 1779.

friends, to be restored by arms. He was the RUTHERFORD (Thomas), D.D., was born in first who taught the Roman soldiers to fabricate 1712; became fellow of St. John's College, their own weapons; and, during his exile, wrote Cambridge, regius professor of divinity in that a History of Rome, in Greek; an account of university, rector of Shenfield, and archdeacon his own life in Latin ; and many other works, of Essex. He married Charlotte Elizabeth Abdy, which are lost. Ovid, Fast., Seneca, Cic. &c. daughter of Sir William Abdy, Bart. He pub- RUTLAND, county of, or RUTLANDSHIRE, is lished, 1. An Essay on the Nature and Obliga- the smallest county of England. The Saxon tions of Virtue; 8vo. 1744. 2. A System of name of this county was Roteland, but its etyNatural Philosophy ; Cambridge, 1748; 2 vols. mology is otherwise unknown. Some have de. 8vo. 3. A Letter to Dr. Middleton, in defence rived it from Roet, or Rud, which signifies red, of Bishop Sherlock; 8vo. 1750. 4. A Discourse because in many parts of the county the land is on Miracles; 8vo. 1751. 5. Institutes of Na- of a red color. But others object that this cannot tural Law; 2 vols. 8vo. 6, 7. Two Letters to be the reason, and allege that there is only one Dr. Kennicott; 1761 and 1762. 8. A Vindi- part of the county, which is about Glaiston, that cation of Subscriptions to an Established Con- has a ruddy soil, besides, most of the English fession of Faith, &c.; Cambridge, 1767. 9, 10. counties have soils of the same color; and thereTwo other Tracts on the same subject; 1766 and fore these would have it to be derived from the 1767 : besides several Sermons, and Charges to word Rotundalandia, from its circular figure; the Clergy. He died October 5th, 1771, aged but its form was not round when this name, of fifty-nine.

which Rutland is supposed to be a contraction, RUTHERGLEN, or RUGLEN, an ancient was given it; and, besides, it is not probable royal borough of Scotland, in Lanarkshire. that the Saxons would give a Latin name to an Maitland says it was founded by Ruther, the English county. The Coritani inhabited this district in the time of the Romans; but under Lincolnshire falls into the Welland to the east of the Saxons it was part of the kingdom of Mer- Stamford. This river supplies many lowns with cia. This county is bounded by Leicestershire on excellent water, and affords plenty of fish; and the N.N.W., west and south-west; and by Lin- most of the other towns and villages at a discolnshire on the east and north-east. It is only tance from this river have rivulets and brooks forty-eight miles in circumference. It is divided that pass by them.—There is a navigable canal into five hundreds, and contains 91,002 acres in this county, made by act of parliament passed and twenty-nine perches.

in 1793, for extending the Melton Mowbray The climate of this county is generally canal to Oakham, the centre of the county, esteemed very good and healthy; and it is which has proved of great benefit to it. It is thought that the winds blow as many days in said, however, to be frequently defective in the the year from one point as another, the west ex- summer season from the very scanty supply of cepted. The mean quantity of rain which has water. Rutlandshire sends only two members been observed, according to a journal kept by to parliament, both for the county. Samuel Barker, esq., and cited in Mr. Parkin l'he smallness of this county will account for son's Survey, in eight years, was 24:61. The the few eminent men it has produced. We know soil of this county is, generally speaking, fertile, not whether we may apply the term eminent to but varying very much in different parts; the Jeffery Hudson, the dwarf; but certainly he east and south-east parts, through which the thought himself of some consequence when he great North road runs, being in general of a fought a duel with a brother of lord Croft's. He shallow staple, upon limestone rock, with a mix- was born at Oakham, the county town, in the ture of cold woodland clay soil. The other year 1619, and when seven years of age was not parts of the county are composed of a strong above fifteen inches high, though his parents, Ioamy red land, intermixed with keal (iron-stone who had several other children of the usual size, is found amongst it). This soil is esteemed were tall and lusty. At that age the duke of most congenial for convertible tillage crops; the Buckingham took him into his family; and, to understratum of the whole county, at different divert the court, who, on a progress through this depths, is generally a very strong blue clay county, were entertained at the duke's seat at BurThe circumstance of this county varying so leigh-on-the-Hill, he was served up at table in a much in its soils, at such small distances, causes cold pie. Between the seventh and the thirteenth each sort to be much more valuable than it year of his age he did not advance many inches would be were it of one kind through the whole in stature: but it is remarkable that even after of a lordship; there being a proportion of each thirty he shot up to the height of three feet nine soil on the different farms, so as to have con- inches, which he never exceeded. He was given vertible high lands for tillage, and low lands for to Henrietta Maria, consort to king Charles I., grass, having the advantage of being proper for probably at the time of his being served up in breeding and store stock ; thus producing every the pie; and that princess, who kept him as her thing useful within themselves, the tillage land dwarf, is said frequently to have employed growing turnips for the store and fattening him in messages abroad. In the civil wars sheep; barley, clover, wheat, and grass-seeds between king Charles the First and the Parplentifully. The face of the county is, generally liament, Hudson was raised to the rank of speaking, very beautiful, especially where it is captain of horse in the king's service, and well timbered, being much diversified by small afterwards accompanied the queen, his misand gently rising hills running east and west, tress, to France; whence he was banished for with valleys of about half a mile in width inter- killing his antagonist, as above mentioned. They vening ; so that in travelling through the county fought on horseback. After his banishment, he there are fresh views at the distance of every was taken at sea by an Algerine corsair, and was three or four miles, causing its appearance to be many years a slave in Barbary; but being revery lively. The produce of this county has deemed he came to England, and in 1678 was already been partially alluded to : its barley is committed prisoner to the Gate House, Westof a very superior quality, so that the inhabi- minster, on suspicion of being concerned in tants call it corn, giving other grain its name, what was called Dates's plot. After lying there such as wheat, oats, &c. At Ketton there is a a considerable time he was discharged, and died kind of stone very proper and famous for build- in 1682, aged sixty-three years. In Newgate ing. There is also in many parts stone for Street, London, there is a small stone sculpture Jime, consisting of a soft and hard species. of one William Evans, a gigantic porter to Various opinions are entertained of the lime Charles I.; and another of his diminutive felmade from these two sorts; but in general that low-servant. Pennant has given us a sketch of from the hard stone is preferred. This county this sculpture on the same plate with the Boar is, upon the whole, weil watered. The rivers in East Cheap, but has omitted to insert the Eye and Welland are its south-west and south- date, 1669. The same author observes that it east boundaries; but its two principal rivers are was probably by his own consent that the dwarf the Guash and the Chater: there are also many was put into the pocket of the giant, and drawn rivulets and numberless springs. The Welland out by him at a masque at court to amaze and divides this county from Northamptonshire; the divert the spectators; for it is certain he had too Guash, or, as it is commonly called, the Wash, much spirit to suffer such an insult from even rises near Oakham, in a district surrounded with Goliath, as was evident from his courage in 1644, hills, and running eastward divides the county when he killed Mr. Croft, who had presumed 10 nearly into two equal parts, and running into ridicule the irritable hero. These figures are in


very excellent preservation, having been recently sciences at Paris in 1727 elected him a member. painted, with red surtouts, by the owner or oc- He was also F.R.S. of London. cupier of the house (No. 80), Mr. George Payne, RUYSDAAL, or RUYSDALL (Jacob), an hatter, hosier, and glover. Mr. Pennant, and eminent Dutch landscape painter, born at others after him, have placed this sculpture over Haerlem, in 1636. He painted sea pieces with the entrance to Bagnio Court. This county has inimitable truth and transparency. He died in given the title of earl ever since the reign of 1681. Richard II. The first earl of Rutland was Ed- RUYTER (Michael Adrian), a distinguished ward, the eldest son of Edward Langley, the Dutch naval officer born at Flushing, in Zealand, fifth son of Edward III.; but the first earl of in 1607. He entered on a seafaring life when the present family of Manners was created earl of he was only eleven years old, was first a cabin Rutland by Henry VIII. In the reign of queen boy, and advanced successively to the rank of Anne, John Manners, then earl of Rutland, re- mate, master, and captain. He made eight ceived from that princess the title of marquis of voyages to the West Indies, and ten to Brasil. Granby and duke of Rutland, which his succes- He was then promoted to the rank of rear adsors still enjoy.

miral, and sent to assist the Portuguese against • There is no manufacture carried on in this the Spaniards. His gallantry was still more county of any account. Want of water and scarcity conspicuous before Sallee in Barbary. With one of fuel are the only reasons, and not any want of single vessel he sailed through the roads of that inclination, spirit, or property, in the inhabitants place in defiance of five Algerine corsairs. In of the county. Parkinson.

1653 a squadron of seventy vessels was sent RUTTUNPORE, a town and district of Hin- against the English under admiral Van Tromp. dostan, in the province of Gundwaneh. It is Ruyter, who accompanied the admiral in this governed by a rajah, who is tributary to the expedition, seconded him with great skill and Mahrattas. The town consists of about 1000 bravery in the three battles which the English so houses, but it was formerly a place of much gloriously won. He was afterwards stationed in greater consequence. There are other places of the Mediterranean, where he took several Turkish this name in Hindostan.

vessels. In 1659 he received a commission to RUTUBA, in ancient geography, two rivers join the king of Denmark in his war with the of Italy: one in Liguria, rising in the Appenine Swedes; and the king of Denmark ennobled mountains, and running into the Mediterranean: him and gave him a pension. In 1661 he run another in Latium, falling into the Tiber.

ashore a vessel belonging to Tunis, released RUTULI, an ancient people of Latium, over forty Christian slaves, made a treaty with the whom Turnus reigned, when Æneas arrived in Tunisians, and reduced the Algerine corsairs to Italy. Their capital was Ardea.

submission. His country raised him to the rank RUTUPÆ, RUTUPIUM, or RUTUPENSIS POB- of vice-admiral and commander in chief. He TUS, in ancient British geography, a sea-port obtained a signal victory over the combined fleets town of Cantium, on the south coast of Britain, of France and Spain in 1672, about the tiine of abounding in oysters. Some suppose it to be the conquest of Holland. Ruyter, having thus Dover; others Richborough, or Sandwich made himself master of the sea, conducted a

RUYSCH (Frederick), the celebrated Dutch fleat of Indiamen safely into the Texel; thus anatomist, was born at the Hague in 1638. defending and enriching his country, while it After making great progress at home, he repaired was the prey of hostile invaders. In 1673 he to Leyden, and there prosecuted the study of had three engagements with the fleets of France anatomy and botany. He studied next at Fra- and England, in which his bravery was more neker, where he became M. D. He then returned distinguished than ever. But in an engagement to the Hague; and, marrying in 1661, devoted with the French fleet, off the coast of Sicily, he his whole time to his profession. In 1665 he lost the day, and received a mortal wound, of published a treatise, entitled Dilucidatio valvu- which he died in a few days. His corpse was larum de Vasis Lymphaticis et Lacteis; which carried to Amsterdam, and a magnificent monuraised his reputation so high that he was chosen ment was there erected by the command of the professor of anatomy at Amsterdam. After this states-general. he was perpetually engaged in dissecting the RYDAL Water, a lake of Westmoreland, a various parts of the human body. His anatomi- little west of Ambleside; about one mile long. cal collection was very valuable. He had a It has many small islands; and communicates series of fætuses of all sizes, from the length of by a narrow channel with Grassmere Water on the little finger to that of a new born infant. the west, and by the Rothway with Windermere Peter the Great of Russia, in his tour through Lake on the south. Rydal Hall stands on an Holland in 1698, visited Ruysch, passed whole eminence near the lake. days with him, and, when he returned to Hol- RYDROOG, a town and district of Hindosland in 1717, purchased his cabinet of curiosities tan, in the province of Bijanagur, now included for 30,000 forins, and sent it to Petersburg. in the British collectorship of Bellary. It was In 1685 he was made professor of medicine. taken possession of in the end of the sixteenth Ruysch retained his vigor of mind and body century, by the delawai, or minister of the rajah till 1731, when he died on the 22d of February. of Bijanagur, after the defeat of that prince His anatomical works are printed in 4 vols. 4to. by the Mahometans. In 1766 it was subdued The style of his writings is simple and concise, by Hyder Aly; and at the peace of 1792 ceded but sometimes inaccurate. The academy of to the Nizam; but in the year 1800 it was made over to the British. The town stands in He was admitted a scholar at Cambridge, then long. 77° 22' E., and lat. 14° 19'.

became a member of Gray's Inn, and at length RYE, n. s. Sax. ryge; Swed. ryg, rog; was appointed historiographer to king William. Belg. rogge, i. e. rough. A coarse kind of bread He wrote A View of the Tragedies of the Last corn.

Age, and afterwards published a tragedy named Between the acres of the rye,

Edgar. His Fædera, a collection of all the These pretty country folks would lye. Shakspeare. public transactions, treaties, &c., of the kings of Some sow rye grass with the corn at Michaelmas.

England with foreign princes, is esteemed one of Mortimer.

our most authentic and valuable records, and is Rye is more acrid, laxative, and less nourishing often referred to by the best English historians. than wheat.

Arbuthnot on Aliments.

• It was published in London about 1700, in ' Rye, in botany. See SECALE.

17 vols. folio. Three were added by Sanderson Rye, a town of Sussex, with markets on Wed- after Rymer's death. The whole were reprinted nesday and Saturday. It is one of the cinque- at the Hague in 10 vols. in 1739. They were ports ; is a handsome well built place, governed abridged by Rapin in French, and inserted in by a mayor and jurats, and sends two members Le Clerc's Bibliotheque. Rymer died in 1713. to parliament. It has a church built with stone, Some specimens of his poetry are preserved in and a town hall ; and the streets are paved with Nichols's Select Collections." stone. It has two gates, and is a place of great RYMER, THOMAS THE. See RHYMER. naval trade. Thence large quantities of corn RYNABAD, a town of Bengal, in the district are exported, and many of the inhabitants are of Jessore, stands on the south bank of the Boifishermen. It is thirty-four miles south-east rub, and is one of the most frequented channels by south of Tunbridge, and sixty-four on the for boats coming down the country in the hot seasame point from London. The mouth of the son, through the woods or sunderbunds. Long. harbour is choked up with sand, though of 890 44' E., lat. 22° 42' N. late it has been considerably improved, by cut- RYNCHOPS, in ornithology, a genus belongting a new channel to the sea, and erecting a ing to the order of anseres. The bill is straight; dam across the old oue, under the direction of and the superior mandible much shorter than the Dr. Pape, vicar of Pen. The corporation is held inferior, which is truncated at the point. The by prescription, and consists of a mayor, jurats, species are two, viz. and freemen; and, ever since the reign of king "1. R. fulva, and 2. R. nigra, both natives of Edward III., this place has sent two members America. to parliament, who are elected by the mayor and RYSCHIA, in botany, a genus of the monogyfreemen. A store-house, called the Friary, was nia order, and pentandria class of plants: CAL. formerly a church belonging to the Augustins. pentaphyllous : cor. pentapetalous; the apices

RYEGATE, a borough and market town of turned back, about three times the length of the Surry, seated in the valley of Holmsdale. It calyx; the filaments are five, awl-shaped, and sends two members to the imperial parliament. shorter than the petals : CAPs. quadrilocular, It had a castle, the ruins of which are still to be and contains many seeds. Of this there are two seen ; particularly a long vault, with a large species, viz. room at one end, where the barons held their '1. R. clausifolia ; and 2. R. souroubea. private meetings in the reign of king John, be- RYVES (Sir Thomas), an English lawyer, fore they took up arms against him. It is six- born about 1590, and educated at Winchester teen miles east of Guildford, and twenty-one school, and the university of Oxford. He besouth-west of London. Market on Tuesday. came a celebrated civilian in Doctors' Commons, RYEGRASS. See HORDEUM.

and the court of Admiralty. On the accession RYEPOOR, a large town of Hindostan, pro- of Charles I. he was made king's advocate, and vince of Gundwaneh, district of Choteesgur. It knighted. He wrote, 1. The Vicar's Plea; 2. was formerly reckoned the second in the Nagpore Historia Navalis Antiqua; 3. Historia Navalis dominions, and is situated on the road from Media. He died in 1651. Cuttack to Nagpore, in long. 82° 26' E., lat. 21° RZESZOW, one of the circles of Austrian 17' N.

Poland, lying along the southern frontier of the RYER (Peter Du), a French dramatic writer, new kingdom of Poland, and containing a tract born in Paris in 1605. He was secretary to the of 1675 square miles. It is watered by the king, and afterwards became secretary to the San and the Wisloka, and has about 225,000 induke of Vendome. He wrote for the booksellers, habitants. It is in general level and fertile, but and his works procured him a place in the is covered on the north side by almost impeneFrench Academy in 1646. He was afterwards trable forests. The capital of the same name is made historiographer of France. He wrote nine- a small town on the Wisloka, seventy miles west teen dramatic pieces, and thirteen translations. of Lemberg, and eighty east of Cracow. It is one He died in 1658.

of the best built towns of the Austrian part of RYMER (Thomas), esq., the author of the Poland, and has a brisk traffic in corn and poultry. Fodera, was born in the north of England, and Inhabitants 4600. educted at the grammar school of Northallerton.

As a letter, S is the eighteenth in our alphabet, under Louis XIV., but ceded to Prussia by a and the fourteenth consonant. The sound is treaty of Paris in 1815. During the revolution, formed by driving the breath through a narrow this place was called Sarre Libre. It is eleven passage between the palate and the tongue, ele- miles north-west of Saarbruck, and thirty-four vated near it, together with a motion of the lower east of Thionville, contains 4100 inhabitants, and jaw and teeth towards the upper, the lips being has manufactures of iron and leather. a little way open; with such a configuration of SAATZ, a circle of Bohemia, contiguous to every part of the mouth and larynx as renders the Saxon frontier, and to the circles of Leutthe voice somewhat hissing.

meritz, Rakonitz, and Elnbogen. Its area is S has in English the same sound as in other about 820 square miles, is level towards the languages, and unhappily prevails in so many of south, and contains some of the best corn land our words that it produces in the ear of a in Bohemia, but the north is traversed by the foreigner a continued sibilation. In the begin- Erzgebirge mountains, in which there are mines of ning of words it has invariably its natural and iron, alum, and tin. The woods are here also genuine sound : in the middle it is sometimes extensive. Other products of this circle are uttered with a stronger appulse of the tongue to flax, hops, turf, and coal. There are some cotton the palate, like Z, as rose, rosy, osier, resident, manufactures. Population 114,000. business. In the end of monosyllables it is Saatz, in Bohemian Zatets, a town of Bohesometimes s, as in this; and sometimes 2, as in mia, on the Egra, the chief place of the precedas, has; no noun singular should end with sing circle. Population 3800. Eighty-nine miles single: therefore in words written with diph- west by north of Prague, aud twenty-eight east thongs, and naturally long, an e is nevertheless of Carlsbad. added at the end, as goose, house ; and, where SAAVEDRA. See CERVANTES. the syllable is short, the s is doubled, and was SABA, a Dutch island of the West Indies, is once sse, as ass, anciently asse; wilderness, a great but fruitful rock, four leagues in circuit, anciently wildernesse; distress, apciently dis- without any road for ships, and with but one tresse. In some words it is silent, as isle, landing place, at a creek on the south side. One island, viscount, &c. Of all other letters, the s delightful valley produces necessaries for the few is nearest akin to the r; whence it was frequently inhabitants, and materials for several manufacchanged, on account of its disagreeable sound, tures; but, being destitute of a port, its cominto r. See R. Add to this, that the Latin merce is inconsiderable. There is abundance of nouns now terminating in or, as arbor, labor, &c., fish, particularly bonitos, caught on the coasts, all anciently ended in s, as arbos, labos, &c. Rocks appear for some distance on the coast, As an abbreviation, S stands for societas or and vessels of course cannot come in, unless they socius ; as, R.S.S. for Regiæ societatis socius; or be very small. F.R.S. Frater regiæ societatis, i.e. fellow of the SABÆANS, or SABÆI. See SABIANS. royal society. See ABBREVIATIONS. As a nu- SAB'AOTH, n.s. Heb. Xay. Signifying an meral, S was anciently used for seven.

SAAD EDDIN MOHAMMED BEN HASSAN, known also by the appellation of Khodja Effendi,

Holy Lord God of sabaoth ; that is, Lord of hosts. the most celebrated of the Turkish historians.

Common Prayer. He became preceptor to sultan Amurath III.; and SABAZIA, in Greek antiquity, were nocturwas subsequently appointed mufti, which office nal mysteries in honor of Jupiter Sabazius. All he held till his death, about A. D. 1600. He the initiated had a golden serpent put in at their was the author of The Crown of Histories, con- breasts, and taken out at the lower part of their taining an account of all the Turkish emperors garments, in memory of Jupiter's ravishing Proto his own times, translated into Italian by Vin- serpine in the form of a serpent. There were also cent Brattuti, and into Latin by Kollar. A. L. other feasts and sacrifices distinguished by this Schloezer, in his Critico-Historical Amusements, appellation, in honor of Mithras, the deity of Gottingen, 1797, 8vo., has given full details of the Persians. this Chronicle, which has been continued from SABBATARIANS, a sect of Christians, 1510, where the author concluded it, to 1751, by chiefly Baptists, who observe the Jewish or five other historiographers appointed by the seventh-day Sabbath, from a persuasion that, sultans,

being one of the ten commandments, which SAADE, a town of Arabia, the capital of the they contend are all in their nature moral, it mountainous district of Yemen, called also the Sa- was not abrogated by the New Testament. They han. It is the residence of a chief,who assumes the say that Saturday must at least be deemed of title of Imam; but who finds it difficult to main- equal validity for public worship with any day tain his ground. His revenue arises chiefly from a never particularly set apart by Jesus Christ and custom-house here established, at which duties his Apostles. In our own country this sect is are paid by goods passing into the interior. In by no means numerous. They have but two conthe neighbourhood is a fortified height. 368 gregations in London, if these are not united. miles N.N. E. of Mocha.

In America, however, there are many Christians SAAN LOUIS, a town of the Prussian pro- of this persuasion, particularly in Rhode Island, vince of the Lower Rhine, fortified by Vauban, and New Jersey.

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