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CONTENT S.

SECTION 1.

Page INTRODUCTION. Mr. Gray's birth. Education at Eton, where he commences a friendship with the Hon. Horace Walpole and Mr. Richard West. Account of the latter, with whom and with Mr. Walpole a correspondence begins on their leaving school, and going to the University . . . . . . . . . . 5

10

LETTER
1. From Mr. West. Complains of his friend's silence. . . .
%. To Mr. West. Answer to the former. A translation of some lines

from Statius . . . . . . . . . . 3. From Mr. West. Approbation of the version. Ridicule on the

Cambridge Collection of Verses on the marriage of the Prince of
Wales . . . . .

. . . .

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4. To Mr. West. On the little encouragement which he finds given to

classical learning at Cambridge. His aversion to metaphysical and

mathematical studies . . . . . . . . 5. From Mr. West. Answer to the former, advises his correspondent

not to give up poetry when he applies himself to the law : : 6. To Mr. WALPOLE. Excuse for not writing to him, &c. . . 7. From Mr. West. A poetical epistle addressed to his Cambridge

friends, taken in part from Tibullus and a prose letter of Mr. Pope. 8. To Mr. West. Thanks him for his poetical episule. Complains of

low spirits. Lady Walpole's death, and his concern for Mr. H.
Walpole
. . . . . . . .

. 9. To Mr. WALPOLE. How he spends his own time in the country.

Meets with Mr. Southern, the dramatic poet . . . . 10. To Mr. WalPOLE. Supposed manner in which Mr. Walpole spends his time in the country . . .

. . . 11. From Mr. West. Sends him a translation into Latin of a Greek epi

gram . . . . . . . . . . 12. To Mr. WEST. A Latin epistle in answer to the foregoing · ·

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26

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29 31

LETTER

Page 13. From Mr. West, on leaving the University, and removing to the

Temple . . . . . . . . . . 32 14. To Mr. West. A Sapphic Ode, occasioned by the preceding letter,

with a Latin postscript, concluding with an Alcaic fragment . 33 15. From Mr. West. Thanks for his Ode, &c. His idea of Sir Robert

Walpole . . . . . . . . . . 36 16. To Mr. WalPOLE. Congratulates him on his new place. Whimsical

description of the quadrangle of Peter-house . . . . 17. To Mr. West. On his own leaving the University . . . 38 18. From Mr. West. Sends him a Latin Elegy in answer to Mr Gray's

Sapphic Ode . . . . . . . . . 39

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Connecting narrative. Mr. Gray goes abroad with Mr. Walpole.

Corresponds, during his tour, with his parents and Mr. West : 42

1. To his Mother. His voyage from Dover. Description of Calais.

Abbeville. Amiens. Face of the country, and dress of the people 43 2. To Mr. West. Monuments of the Kings of France at St. Denis, &c.

French opera and music. Actors, &c. . . . . . 46 3. To Mr. West. Palace of Versailles. Its gardens and water-works.

Installation of the Knights du S. Esprit . . . . 50 4. To his MOTHER. Rheims. Its cathedral. Disposition and amuse

ments of its inbabitants . . . . . . . 5. To his Father. Face of the country between Rheims and Dijon.

Description of the latter. Monastery of the Carthusians and Cis.. tertians . . . . . . . . . . 56 6. To Mr. West. Lyons. Beauty of its environs. Roman antiquities 57 7. From Mr. West. His wishes to accompany his friend. His retired

life in London. Address to bis Lyre, in Latin Sappbics, on the

prospect of Mr. Gray's return . . . . . . 60 8. To his Mother. Lyons. Excursion to the Grande Chartreuse. So

lemn and romantic approach to it. His reception there, and com

mendation of the monastery . . . . . . 9. To his FATHER. Geneva. Advantage of a free government exhi

bited in the very look of the people. Beauty of the lake, and

plenty of its fish . . . . . . . . 64 10. To his MOTHER. Journey over the Alps to Turin. Singular accident in passing them. Method of travelling over mount Cenis

66 11. To Mr. West. Turin. Its carnival. More of the views and scenery

on the road to the Grande Chartreuse. Wild and savage prospects

amongst the Alps agreeable to Livy's description . . . 69 12. To Mr. West. Genoa. Music. The Doge. Churches and the Pa

lazzo Doria . . . . . . . . . 72

13. To his MOTHER. Paintings at Modena. Bologna. Beauty and rich

ness of Lombardy . . . . . . . . 74 14. To his MOTHER. The Appennines. Florence and its Gallery : 76 15. To Mr. West. Journey from Genoa to Florence. Elegiac verses

occasioned by the sight of the plains where the battle of Trebiæ was

fought . . . . . . . . . . 79 16. From Mr. West. Latin Elegy, expressing his wishes to see Italy

and Greece . . . . . . . . . 17. To his Mother. Death of the Pope. Intended departure for Rome.

First and pleasing appearance of an Italian spring . . . 18. To his MOTHER. Cathedral of Sienna. Viterbo. Distant sight of

Rome. The Tiber. Entrance into the city. St. Peter's. Intro-
duction of the Cardinal d'Auvergne into the Conclave

83 19. To his MOTHER. Illumination of St. Peter's on Good Friday, &c. . 87 20. To Mr. West. Comic account of the palace of the Duke of Modena

at Tivoli. The Anio. Its cascade. Situation of the town. Villas
of Horace and Mecænas, and other remains of antiquity. Modern

aqueducts. A grand Roman ball . . . . . 88 21. To Mr. WEST. An Alcaic Ode. Ludicrous allusion to ancient Ro

man customs. Albano and its lake, Castle-Gondolfo. Prospect from
the palace; an observation of Mr. Walpole's on the views in that

part of Italy. Latin inscriptions, ancient and modern . . 92 22. To his MOTHER. Road to Naples. Beautiful situation of that city.

Its bay. Of Baiæ, and several other antiquities. Some account of
the first discovery of an ancient town, now known to be Hercu-

laneum . . . . . . . . . . 97 23. To his FATHER. Departure from Rome and return to Florence. No

likelihood of the Conclave's rising. Some of the cardinals dead. Description of the Pretender, his sons, and court. Procession at Naples. Sight of the King and Queen. Mildness of the air at

Florence . . . . . . . . . . 99 24. From Mr. West. On his quitting the Temple, and reason for it . 102 25. To Mr. West. Answer to the foregoing letter. Some account of

Naples and its environs, and of Mr. Walpole's return to Florence · 104 26. To his MOTHER. Excursion to Bologna. Election of a pope; des

cription of his person, with an odd speech which he made to the

cardinals in the Conclave . . . . . . . 108 27. To Mr. West. Description, in Latin hexameters, of the sudden rising

of Monte Nuovo near Puzzoli, and of the destruction which at

tended it . . . . . . . . . 110 28. To his Father. Uncertainty of the route he shall take in his return

to England. Magnificence of the Italians in their reception of strangers, and parsimony when alone. The great applause which

the new Pope meets with. One of his bon mots . . . 114 29. To his FATHER. Total want of amusement at Florence, occasioned

by the late Emperor's funeral not being public. A procession to avert the ill effects of a late inundation. Intention of going to Venice. An invasion from the Neapolitans apprehended. The

inhabitants of Tuscany dissatisfied with the government . 116 30. To Mr. West. The time of his departure from Florence determined.

Page Alteration in his temper and spirits. Difference between an Italian fair and an English one. A farewell to Florence and its prospects, in Latin hexameters. Imitation, in the same language, of an Italian sonnet

. . . . . . . . . 118

Account of Mr. Gray's return bome, and of his second visit to the

Grande Chartreuse, where he wrote an Alcaic Ode, which concludes the Section . . . . .

. . . 121

SECTION III.

Prefatory narrative. Mr. Gray's father dies, and the year after he re

turns to Cambridge, and takes a degree in civil law; during that
interval he corresponds with Mr. West . .

. 123

LETTER
1. From Mr. West. His spirits not as yet improved by country air.

Has begun to read Tacitus, but does not relish him . . . 126 2. To Mr. WEST. Earnest hopes for his friend's better health, as the

warm weather comes on. Defence of Tacitus, and his character.
Of the new Dunciad. Sends him a speech from the first scene of
Agrippina

. . . . . . . . 126

The plan, dramatis personæ, and all the speeches which Mr. Gray
wrote of that tragedy, inserted

· · · ·

150

3. From Mr. West. Criticism on his friend's tragic style. Latin hexa

meters on his own cough . . . . . . . 158 4. To Mr. West. Thanks for his verses. On Joseph Andrews. De

fence of old words in tragedy . . . . . . 140 5. From Mr. West. Answer to the former, on the subject of antiquated

expressions . . . . . . . . . 144 6. To Mr. West. Has laid aside his tragedy. Difficulty of translating

Tacitus . . . . . . . . . . 147 7. From Mr. West. With an English Ode on the approach of May · 148 8. To Mr. West. Criticises his Ode. Of his own classical studies · 150

9. From Mr. West. Answer to the foregoing . . . . 152 10. To Mr. West. Of his own peculiar species of melancholy. Inscrip

tion for a wood in Greek hexameters. Argument and exordium of
a Latin heroic epistle, from Sopbonisba to Massinissa . . 153

Account of Mr. West's death. Of Mr. Gray's English poetry, writ

ten about this time, with the general plan, argument of the first book,
and all the parts which the Author finished of a Latin didactic poem
“De Principiis Cogitandi" . . . . . . . 157

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