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CONTENTS.

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Preface of the Editor to the subsequent letter

4. To Mr. WEST. On the little encouragement which he finds given to
classical learning at Cambridge. His aversion to metaphysical and
mathematical studies

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29

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LETTER

Page

13. From Mr. WEST, on leaving the University, and removing to the Temple

14. To Mr. WEST. A Sapphic Ode, occasioned by the preceding letter,

with a Latin postscript, concluding with an Alcaic fragment
15. From Mr. WEST. Thanks for his Ode, &c. His idea of Sir Robert
Walpole

16. To Mr. WALPOLE. Congratulates him on his new place. Whimsical
description of the quadrangle of Peter-house
17. To Mr. WEST. On his own leaving the University
18. From Mr. WEST. Sends him a Latin Elegy in answer to Mr Gray's
Sapphic Ode

Short narrative, concluding the Section

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SECTION II.

Connecting narrative. Mr. Gray goes abroad with Mr. Walpole.
Corresponds, during his tour, with his parents and Mr. West

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1. To his MOTHER. His voyage from Dover. Description of Calais. Abbeville. Amiens. Face of the country, and dress of the people 43 2. To Mr. WEST. Monuments of the Kings of France at St. Denis, &c. French opera and music. Actors, &c. 3. To Mr. WEST. Palace of Versailles. Its gardens and water-works.

Installation of the Knights du S. Esprit

4. To his MOTHER. Rheims. Its cathedral. Disposition and amusements of its inhabitants

·

5. To his FATHER. Face of the country between Rheims and Dijon. Monastery of the Carthusians and Cis

Description of the latter. -tertians

56

6. To Mr. WEST. Lyons. Beauty of its environs. Roman antiquities 57 7. From Mr. WEST. His wishes to accompany his friend. His retired Address to his Lyre, in Latin Sapphics, on the Gray's return

life in London. prospect of Mr. 8. To his MOTHER. Lyons. Excursion to the Grande Chartreuse. Solemn and romantic approach to it. His reception there, and commendation of the monastery

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9. To his FATHER. Geneva. Advantage of a free government exhi-
bited in the very look of the people. Beauty of the lake, and
plenty of its fish

Journey over the Alps to Turin. Singular accident
Method of travelling over mount Cenis

10. To his MOTHER.
in passing them.
11. To Mr. WEST. Turin. Its carnival. More of the views and scenery
on the road to the Grande Chartreuse. Wild and savage prospects
amongst the Alps agreeable to Livy's description

12. To Mr. WEST. Genoa. Music. The Doge. Churches and the Pa

lazzo Doria

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LETTER

13. To his MOTHER. Paintings at Modena. Bologna. Beauty and rich

ness of Lombardy

14. To his MOTHER. The Appennines. Florence and its Gallery
15. To Mr. WEST. Journey from Genoa to Florence. Elegiac verses
occasioned by the sight of the plains where the battle of Trebia was
fought

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16. From Mr. WEST. Latin Elegy, expressing his wishes to see Italy

and Greece

17. To his MOTHER. Death of the Pope. Intended departure for Rome.

First and pleasing appearance of an Italian spring 18. To his MOTHER. Cathedral of Sienna. Viterbo. Distant sight of Rome. The Tiber. Entrance into the city. St. Peter's. Introduction of the Cardinal d'Auvergne into the Conclave

19. To his MOTHER. Illumination of St. Peter's on Good Friday, &c. 20. To Mr. WEST. Comic account of the palace of the Duke of Modena at Tivoli. The Anio. Its cascade. Situation of the town. Villas of Horace and Mecænas, and other remains of antiquity. Modern aqueducts. A grand Roman ball

21. To Mr. WEST. An Alcaic Ode.

⚫ 92

Ludicrous allusion to ancient Roman customs. Albano and its lake, Castle-Gondolfo. Prospect from the palace; an observation of Mr. Walpole's on the views in that part of Italy. Latin inscriptions, ancient and modern 22. To his MOTHER. Road to Naples. Beautiful situation of that city. Its bay. Of Baiæ, and several other antiquities. Some account of the first discovery of an ancient town, now known to be Herculaneum

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29. To his FATHER. Total want of amusement at Florence, occasioned by the late Emperor's funeral not being public. A procession to avert the ill effects of a late inundation. Intention of going to Venice. An invasion from the Neapolitans apprehended. The inhabitants of Tuscany dissatisfied with the government 30. To Mr. WEST. The time of his departure from Florence determined.

80

. 97

23. To his FathER. Departure from Rome and return to Florence. No likelihood of the Conclave's rising. Some of the cardinals dead. Description of the Pretender, his sons, and court. Procession at Naples. Sight of the King and Queen. Mildness of the air at Florence

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99

. 102

24. From Mr. WEST. On his quitting the Temple, and reason for it 25. To Mr. WEST. Answer to the foregoing letter. Some account of Naples and its environs, and of Mr. Walpole's return to Florence. 104 26. To his MOTHER. Excursion to Bologna. Election of a pope; description of his person, with an odd speech which he made to the cardinals in the Conclave

27. To Mr. WEST. Description, in Latin hexameters, of the sudden rising of Monte Nuovo near Puzzoli, and of the destruction which attended it

• 110

28. To his FATHER. Uncertainty of the route he shall take in his return to England. Magnificence of the Italians in their reception of strangers, and parsimony when alone. The great applause which the new Pope meets with. One of his bon mots

· 114

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Alteration in his temper and spirits. Difference between an Italian fair and an English one. A farewell to Florence and its prospects, in Latin hexameters. Imitation, in the same language, of an Italian

sonnet

Account of Mr. Gray's return home, and of his second visit to the Grande Chartreuse, where he wrote an Alcaic Ode, which concludes the Section

SECTION III.

Prefatory narrative. Mr. Gray's father dies, and the year after he re-
turns to Cambridge, and takes a degree in civil law; during that
interval he corresponds with Mr. West

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The plan, dramatis personæ, and all the speeches which Mr. Gray
wrote of that tragedy, inserted

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LETTER

1. From Mr. WEST. His spirits not as yet improved by country air. Has begun to read Tacitus, but does not relish him

2. To Mr. WEST. Earnest hopes for his friend's better health, as the warm weather comes on. Defence of Tacitus, and his character. Of the new Dunciad. Sends him a speech from the first scene of Agrippina

126

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3. From Mr. WEST. Criticism on his friend's tragic style. Latin hexameters on his own cough

4. To Mr. WEST. Thanks for his verses.

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fence of old words in tragedy

5. From Mr. WEST. Answer to the former, on the subject of antiquated

expressions

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On Joseph Andrews. De

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6. To Mr. WEST. Has laid aside his tragedy. Difficulty of translating

Tacitus

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7. From Mr. WEST. With an English Ode on the approach of May
8. To Mr. WEST. Criticises his Ode. Of his own classical studies
9. From Mr. WEST. Answer to the foregoing
10. To Mr. WEST. Of his own peculiar species of melancholy. Inscrip-

tion for a wood in Greek hexameters. Argument and exordium of
a Latin heroic epistle, from Sophonisba to Massinissa

153

138

140

144

147 148 150 152

Account of Mr. WEST's death. Of Mr. Gray's English poetry, written about this time, with the general plan, argument of the first book, and all the parts which the Author finished of a Latin didactic poem "De Principiis Cogitandi"

• 157

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