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EXAM. 9. A nobleman going out of town, is informed by his steward that his butcher's bill comes to 1971 13s 74d; his baker's to 591 58 23d ; his brewer's to 851 ; his wine-merchant's to 1031 13s; to his corn-chandler is due 75l 3d; to his tallow-chandler and cheesemonger, 271 158 111d; and to his tailor 551 3s 53d; also for rent, servants' wages, and other charges, 1271 38 : Now, supposing he would take 100l with him to defray his charges on the road, for what sum must be send to his banker?

Ans. 8301. 14s. 6 d.

+10. The strength of a regiment of foot, of 10 companies,

a and the amount of their subsistence*, for a month of 30 days, according to the annexed Table, are required?

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Colonel
Lieutenant Colonel
Major
Captains
Lieutenants
Ensigns
Chaplain
Adjutant
Quarter Master
Surgeon
Surgeon's Mate
Serjeants
Corporals
Drummers
Fifers
Private Men

Total

Subsistence for a Month.

2 8 d 27 0 0 19 10 0 17 5 0 78 15 0 57 15 0 40 10 0 7 10 0 4 10 0 5 5 0 4 10 0 4 10 0 45 0 0 30 0 0 20 0 0

2 0 0 292 10 0 656 10 0

30 30 20

2 390 507

Subsistence Money, is the money paid to the soldiers weekly, which is short of their full pay, because their clothes, accoutrements, &c. are to be accounted for. It is likewise the money advanced to officers till their accounts are made up, which is commonly once a year, when they are paid their arrears. The following Table shows the full pay and subsistence of each rank on the English establishment. VOL. I.

6

DAILY

DAILY PAY OF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. Horse

Regular
Artillery D. G. Dr. Foot Ar. and Fenc,

Life Guards. Horse Guards.
& corps & F. Cav. tillery. Inf. and
Jof C. Cm.
Militia. Subsist. Full Pay. Subsist.

Full Pay.

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Colonel (Comm.)
1 12 102 4 01 2 617 01 16 01 11 0

1 10 01 190
Colonel (en Second) 1 100 1 40
1st Lieut. Col. 1 6 01 3 0 1 o olo 15 11 1 3 31 11 012 6

1 1 61 8 6
2d Ditto.

0 17 0 1st Major 1 1 0 0 19 30 15 00 14 10 19 61 6 0 1 1 6

O 18 614 6 2d Ditto.

0 18 0 1 4 0
Captain
0 15 OO 14 710 10 olo 950 12 1 0 16 00 16 6

0 12 60 16 6
Capt. Lieut. O 10 00 900 7 00 5 80 8 20 11 00 11 60 15 006 007 10
1st Lieut.

O 9 00 900 6 00 5 8
2d Ditto.

0 5 ON Cornet 10 8 0

0 11 00 14 0 Ensign

0 4 8

10 4 60 5 10 Adjutant

0 5 0

10 5 0 0 8 60 11 00 4 60 5 00 3 00 4 0
Pay-master
Quarter-master

0 5 0
10 5 8
10 6 60 8 6

0 58 Surgeon-major . . O 12 00 11 40 10 00 95

0 12 60 15 0 Bat. Surg. or Surg.

06 00 800 900 12 0 0 7 60 10 0 Assist. Surg. 0 6 00 5 00 500 50

0 500 500 500 50 Veter Surg.

10 8 0 8 0 Solicitor

N. B. When a Lieutenant, Ensign, Adjutant, or Quarter-master of Foot, Militia, Fencible Infantry, or Invalids, holds two commissions, one shilling per day is to be deducted from the above rates for each commission.

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RANK

08 01

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLES OF WEIGHTS, MEASURES, &c.

TROY WEIGHT. 1.

2. lb oz dwt oz dwt gr 17 3 15 37 9 3 7 94 9 5 3 0 10 7 8 12 12

9 5 0 17 7 8 176 2 17 5 9 0 23 11 12 3* 0 19

APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT,
3.

4. lb oz dr sc oz dr sc gr 3 5 7 2 3 5 1 17 13 7 3 0 7 3 2 5 19 10 6 2 16. 7 0 12

0 9 1 2 7 3 2 9 36 3 5 0 4 1 2 18 5 8 6 1 36 4 1 14

AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. 5.

6. lb oz dr cwt qr lb 17 10 13 15 2 15

5 14 8 6 3 24 12 9 18 9 1 14 27 1 6 9 1 17 0 4 0 10 2 6 6 14 10 3 0 3

LONG MEASURE.
7.

8. mls fur pls

yds feet inc 29 3 14 127 15 19 6 29 12 2 9 7 0 24 10 0 10 9 1 37 54 1 11 7 0 3

5 2 7 4 5 9 23 0 5

CLOTH MEASURE.
9.

10. yds qr nls el en qrs nls 26 3 1 270 1 0 13 1 2 57 4 3 9 1 2

18

1 2 217 0 3

0 3 2 9 1 0

10

LAND MEASURE. 11.

12. ас го р

ас го р 225 3 37

19 0 16 16 1 25 270 3 29 7 2 18

6 3 13 4 2 9 23 0 34 42 1 19

7 2 16 7 0 6 75 0 23

15.

1 0 55 3 1

4 4 1

WINE MEASURE.
13.

14.
t hds gal

hds gal pts 13 3 15 15 61 5

8 | 37 17 14 13 14 1 20

29 23 7 25 0 12 3 15 1

3 1 9 16 8 0 72 3 21 4 36 6

ALE AND BEER MEASURE.

16. hds gal pts

hds gal pts 17 37 3 29 43 5 9 10 15 12 19 7 3 6 2 14 16 6 5 14 0 6 8 1 12 9 6 57 13 4 8 42 4 5 6 0

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COMPOUND SUBTRACTION

To

COMPOUND SUBTRACTION shows how to find the difference between any two numbers of different denominations. perform which, observe the following Rule :

* Place the less number below the greater, so that the parts of the same denomination may stand directly under each other; and draw a line below them.-Begin at the right-hand, and subtract each number or part in the lower line, from the one just above it, and set the remainder straight below it. But if any number in the lower line be greater than that above it, add as many to the upper number as make 1 of the next higher denomination ; then take the lower number from the upper one thus increased, and set down the remainder. Carry the unit borrowed to the next number in the lower line ; after which subtract this number from the one above it, as before ; and so proceed till the whole is finished. Then the several remainders, taken together, will be the whole difference sought.

The method of proof is the same as in Simple Subtraction.

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5. What is the difference between 731 5:d and 191 13s 100 ?

Ans. 531 68 71d. Ex. 6. A lends to B 1001, how much is B in debt after A bas taken goods of him to the amount of 731 128 43d ?

* The reason of this Rule will easily appear from what has been said in Simple Subtraction; for the borrowing depends on the same principle, and is only different as the numbers to be subtracted are of different denominations.

Ans. 261 75 71d. 7. Suppose that my rent for half a year is 201 12s, and that I have laid out for the land-tax 14s 6d, and for several repairs 11 38 3;d, what have I to pay of my half-year's rent?

Ans. 181 148 21d. 8. A trader failing, owes to A 351 78 6d to B 911 138 d. to C 551 71d, to D 871 õs, and to E 111l3s 57d. When this happened, he had by him in cash 231 78 5d, in wares 531 11s 101d, in household furniture 631 178 73d, and in recoverable book-debts 251 78 5d. What will his creditors lose by him, suppose these things delivered to them?

Ans. 2121 5s 3 d.

EXAMPLES OF WEIGHTS, MEASURES, &c.

TROY WEIGHT. APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT.
1.
2.

3.
lb oz dwt gr
lb oz dwt gr

lb oz dr scr gr From 9 2 12 10 7 10 4 17 73 4 7 0 14 Take 5 4 6 17 3 7 16 12 295 3 4 19

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