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Q. 14. What

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image of his person, and upholding of the fruit thereof, and did eat;

Q. 11. What are God's works of providence ?

A. God's works of providence are, his most holy", wise", and powerful preserving X and governing all his creatures, and all their actions y.

Q. 12. What special act of providence did God exercise toward man in the estate wherein he was created ?

A. When God had created man, he entered into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfect obedience; forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death 2.

Q. 13. Did our first parents continue in the estate wherein they were created ?

A. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the estate wherein they were created, by sinning against Goda. them. Ver. 28. And God blessed sins, sat down on the right hand of them, and God said unto them, Be the Majesty on high. fruitful, and multiply, and replenish

y Psal. cii. 19. The Lord hath the earth, and subdue it: and have prepared his throne in the heavens ; dominion over the fish of the sea,

and his kingdom ruleth over all. and over the fowl of the air, and Mät. X. 29. Are not two sparrows over every living thing that moveth

sold for a farthing? and one of them upon the earth. Col. iii. 10. And shall not fall on the ground without have put on the new man, which is

your Father. Ver. 30. But the very renewed in knowledge, after the

hairs of your head are all numbered, image of him that created him.

Ver. 31. Fear ye not therefore, je Eph. iv. 24. And that ye put on the

are of more value than many spare new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.

12. 2 Gal. iii. 12. And the law is 11. u Psal. cxly. 17. The Lord is

not of faith: but, The man that darighteous in all his ways, and holy in

eth them shall live in them. Gen. all his works.

ii. 17. But of the tree of the know. W Psal. civ. 24. O Lord, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom

ledge of good and evil, thou shalt

not eat of it; for in the day that hast thou made them all; the earth

thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely is full of thy riches, Isa, xxviii. 29.

die. This also cometh forth from the Lord of hosts, which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working:

woman saw that the tree was good * Heb. i. 3. Who being the bright

for food, and that it was pleasant ness of his glory, and the express

sired to make one wise, she took

row S.

13. a Gen. ii. 6. And when the

to the eyes, and a tree to be de

all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our

and gave also unto her husband
with her, and he did eat.

Ver. 7.


Q. 14. What is sin ? A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the law of God b.

Q. 15. What was the sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created ?

A. The sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein thèy were created, was their eating the forbidden fruit.

Q. 16. Did all mankind fall in Adam's first transgression?

A. The covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself

, but for his posterity; all mankind, descending from him by ordinary generation, sinned in him, and fell with him, in his first transgression

Q. 17. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind ? A. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery

. Q. 18. Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?

A. Thesinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consists in the guilt of Adam's first sin, the want of original righ


And the eyes of them both were open

15. C Gen. iii. 6. (See in letter &.] ed, and they knew that they were Ver. 12. The woman, whom thou naked; and they sewed fig-leaves to gavest to be with me, she gave me gether, and made themselves aprons.

of the tree, and I did eat. Ver, 8. And they heard the voice of 16. d Gen, ii. 16. And the Lord the Lord God walking in the garden God commanded the man, saying, in the cool of the day: and Adam Of every tree of the garden thou and his wife hid themselves from mayest freely eat: Ver. 17. But of the presence of the Lord God the tree of the knowledge of good amongst the trees of the garden. and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for Ver. 13. And the Lord God said un in the day that thou eatest thereof to the woman, What is this that thou shalt surely die. Rom. v. 12. thou hast done? And the woman Wherefore, as by one man sin entersaid, The serpent beguiled me, and

ed into the world, and death by sin; Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this and so death passed upon all men, for only have I found, that God hath that all have sinned.

1 Cor. xv. 21. made man upright; but they have For since by man came death, by man sought out many inventions.

came also the resurrection of the dead. 14. b 1 John üi. 4. Whosoever Ver. 22. For as in Adam all die, even committeth sin transgresseth also the so in Christ shall all be made alive. law: for sin is the transgression of 17. Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as the law.

hy one man sin entered into the


I did eat.

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is eternal life, through Jesus Christ

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Q. 20. Did

and so

and sin, when it is finished, bring in the book of the law to do

teousness, and the corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called Original Sin; together with all actual transgressions which proceed from it f.

Q. 19. What is the misery of that estate whereunto man fell ?

A. All mankind by their fall lost communion with God, are under his wrath and curse", and so made liable to all the miseries in this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell for ever i. world, and death by sin;

ing in the garden in the cool of the death passed upon all men, for that

day: and Adam and his wife hid all have sinned.

themselves from the presence of the 18. f Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as

Lord God amongst the trees of the by one man sin entered into the

garden. Ver. 10. And he said, I world, and death by sin ; and so death heard thy voice in the garden : and passed upon all men, for that all have

I was afraid, because I was naked; sinned. Ver. 19. For as by one man's and I hid myself. Ver. 24. So he disobedience many were made sinners; drove out the man: and he placed, so by the obedience of one shail many

at the east of the garden of Eden, be made righteous. Rom. v. from cherubims, and a flaming sword, Verse 10. to the 20. Eph. ii. 1. And

which turned every way, to keep you hath he quickened, who were

the way of the tree of life. dead in trespasses and sins. Ver. 2.

Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in tine past Wherein in time past ye walked ac

ye walked according to the course of cording to the course of this world, this world, according to the prince according to the prince of the power

of the power of the air, the spirit of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience :

disobedience: Ver. 3. Among whom Ver. 3. Among whom also we all

also we all had our conversation in had our conversation in times past, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the fulfilling the desires of the filesh and desires of the flesh and of the mind;

of the mind; and were by nature the and were by nature the children of children of wrath, wrath, even as others. James i. 14.

Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. Ver. 15. Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin :


that now worketh in the children of

times past in the lusts of our flesh,

even as others.

the works of the law are under the cursę: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written


a man

eth forth death. Mat. xv. 19. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fot. nications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies.

19. 8 Gen. iii. 8. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walk

i Lan. ii. 39. Wherefore doth a living man complain, for the punishment of his sins ? * Rom. vi. 23. For the wages of sin is death: but the gift of God


Hween by the law. Ver. 22. But the

Q. 20. Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?

A. God having, out of his mere good pleasure, from all eternity, elected some to everlasting life ", did enter into a covenant of grace, to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to bring them into an estate of salvation by a Redeemerl

Q. 21. Who is the Redeemer of God's elect?

A. The only Redeemer of God's elect is the Lord Jesus Christ", who, being the eternal Son of God, became man", and so was, and continueth to be, God and man in two distinct natures, and one person, for ever°.

Q. 22. How our Lord, Mat. xxv. 41. Then shall sin, that the promise by faith in Jeo he say also unto them on the left sus Christ might be given to them hand, Depart from me, ye cursed,

that believe. into everlasting fire, prepared for the 21. m 1 Tim, ii. 5. For there is devil and his angels. Ver. 46. And

one God, and one mediator between these shall go away into everlasting

God and men, the man Christ Jesus; punishment; but the righteous into Ver. 6. Who gave himself a ransom

for all, to be testified in due tiige. 20. ķ Eph. i. 4. According as he

n John i. 14. And the Word was hath chosen 'us in him before the made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and foundation of the world, that we

we beheld his glory, the glory as of should be holy, and without blame

the only begotten of the Father,) full before him in love.

of grace and truth. Gal. iv. 4. But 1 Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by the

when the fulness of the time was deeds of the law there shall no flesh

come, God sent forth his Son, made be justified in his sight: for bỳ the

of a woman, made under the law. law is the knowledge of sin. Ver. o Rom. ix. 5. Whose are the fa21. But now the righteousness of thers, and of whom as concerning God without the law is manifested,

the flesh Christ came, who is over being witnessed by the law and the

all, God blessed for ever. Amen. prophets ; Ver. 22. Even the righte- Luke i. 35. And the angel answered ousness of God, which is by faith of

and said unto her, The Holy Ghost Jesus Christ unto all, and upon all

shall come upon thee, and the power them that believe; for there is no

of the Highest shall overshadow thee: difference. Gal. iii. 21. Is the law

therefore also that holy thing which then against the promises of God?

shall be born of thee shall be called God forbid; for if there had been a

the Son of God. Col. i. 9. For in law given which could have given

him dwelleth all the fulness of the Ask, verily righteousness should have Godhead bodily. Heb. vii. 24.

But this man, because he contiscripture hath concluded all under

nueth ever, hath an unchangeable

life eternal.


Highest shall overshadow\ thee: frared with 2 Cor. xiii. 3. Since ye

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Q. 22. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?

A. Christ, the Son of God, became man, by taking to himself a true body P, and a reasonable soul, being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the Virgin Mary, and born of her", yet without sin ®.

Q. 23. What offices doth Christ execute as our Redeemer ?

A. Christ, as our Redeemer, executeth the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of a king, both in his estate of humiliation and exaltation

Q. 24. How

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priesthood. Ver. 25. Wherefore he the Son of God. Ver. 42. And she is able also to save them to the 'ut

spake out with a loud voice, and termost that come unto God by him, said, Blessed art thou among women, seeing he ever liveth. to make inter and blessed is the fruit of thy womb. cession for them.

Gal. iv. 4. (See in the preceding question, 22. P Heb. ii. 14. Forasmuch then letter n.] as the children are partakers of flesh

S Heb. iv. 15. For we have not an and blood, he also himself likewise

high priest which cannot be touched took part of the same; that through

with the feeling of our infirmities ; death he might destroy him that had

but was in all points tempted like as the power of death, that is, the devil. Ver. 16. For verily he took not on

we are, yet without sin. Heb. vii.

26. For such an high priest became him the nature of angels; but he took

us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, on him the seed of Abraham. Heb. separate from sinners, and made highX. 5. Wherefore, when he cometh in

er than the heavens. to the world, he saith, Sacrifice and

23. + Acts iii. 21. Whom the hea. offering thou wouldest not, but a

ven must receive until the times of body hast thou prepared me.

restitution of all things, which God 9 Mat. xxvi. 38. Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sor

hath spoken by the mouth of all his rowful, even unto death: tarry ye

holy prophets since the world began. here, and watch with me.

Ver. 22. For Moses truly said unto
Luke i. 27. To a virgin espoused Lord your God raise

the fathers, A Prophet shall the to a man whose name was Joseph, your brethren, like unto me; him of the house of David; and the virgin's' name was Mary.

shall ye hear in all things whatso

Ver. 31. And, behold, thou shalt conceive in

ever he shall say unto you. thy womb, and bring forth a son,

xii. 25. See that ye refuse not him and shalt call his name Jesus. Ver.

that speaketh: for if they escaped 35. And the angel answered and said

not who refused him that spake unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come

on earth, much more shall not we upon thee, and the power of the

escape, if we turn away from him


that speaketh from heaven. therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called

seek a proof of Christ speaking in

which to yo:-ward is not

up unto you





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