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A Part of the Covenanted Uniformity in Religion betwixt the Churches of

Christ in the Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland.


Approved Anno 1648, by the GenerAL ASSEMBLY of the Church of Scotland, to be a Directory for catechising such as

are of weaker Capacity.



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Act approving the SHORTER CATECHISM. "HE General Assembly having seriously considered the

SHORTER CATECHISM agreed upon by the Assembly of Divines sitting at Westminster, with assistance of Commissioners from this Kirk; do find, upon due examination thereof, that the said Catechism is agreeable to the word of God, and in nothing contrary to the received doctrine, worship, discipline, and government of this Kirk: And therefore approve the said Shorter Catechism, as a part of the intended uniformity, to be a Directory for catechising such as are of weaker capacity.



SHORTER CATECHISM. Quest. 1. What is the chief end of man ?

Ansæ. Man's chief end is to glorify God, and to enjoy! him for ever b.

Q. 2. What rule hath God given to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him?

A. The word of God, which is contained in the scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, is the only rule to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him a

Q. 3. What

1. a 1 Cor. x. 31. Whether therez stroyed all them that go a whoring fore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever from thee. Ver. 28. But it is good ye do, do all to the glory of God. for me to draw near to God: I have Rom. xi. 36. For of hin, and put my trust in the Lord God, that through him, and to him, are all I may declare all thy works. things: to whom be glory for ever. 2.2 Tim. iii. 16. All scripture is Amen,

given by inspiration of God, and is b Psal. lxxiii. 25. Whom have I in profitable for doctrine, for reproof, heaven but thee? and there is none for correction, for instruction in righupon earth that I desire besides thee, teousness. Eph. ii. 20. And are Ver. 26. My flesh and my heart fail built upon the foundation of the eth: but God is the strength of my apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ heart, and my portion for ever. himself being the chief corner-stone. Ver. 27. For, lo, they that are far di John i. 3. That which we have from thee shall perish: thou hast de seen and heard declare we unto you,


the the

Q. 3. What do the scriptures principally teach?

A. The scriptures principally teach what man is to believe concerning God, and what'duty God requires of man'.

Q. 4. What is God?

A. God is a spirit', infinites, eternal", and unchange-
able ', in his being k, wisdom', power ", holiness", justice,
goodness, and truth é.

Q. 5. Are there more Gods than one ?
A. There is but One only, the living and true God”.

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Q. 6. How

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that ye also may have fellowship the children of Israel, I AM hath
with us: and truly our fellowship is sent me unto you.
with the Father, and with his Son 1 Psal. cxlvii. 5. Great is our Lord,
Jesus Christ. Ver. 4. And these

and of great power: his understand-
things write we unto you, that your ing is infinite.
joy may be full.

m Rev. iv. 8. And the four beasts
3. e 2 Tim, i. 13. Hold fast the had each of them six wings about
form of sound words, which thou him, and they were full of eyes
hast heard of mę, in faith and love within; and they rest not day and
which is in Christ Jesus. 2 Tim. night, saying, Holy, holy, holy,
iii. 16. (See in letter]

Lord God Almighty, which was,
4. f John iv. 24. God is a 'Spirit; and is, and is to come.
and they that worship him must

n Rey. xv. 4. Who shall not fear
worship him in spirit and in truth.

thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name?
8 Job xi. 7. Canst thou by search for thou only art holy: for all na-
ing find out God ? canst thou find tions shall come and worship before
out the Almighty unto perfection ? thee; for thy judgments are made
Ver. 8. It is as high as heaven, what manifest.
canst thou do? deeper than hell,

° Exod. xxxiv. 6. And the Lord
what canst thou know? Ver. 9. The passed by before him, and pro-
measure thereof is longer than the claimed, The Lord, the Lord God,
earth, and broader than the sea.

merciful and gracious, long-suffering, h Psal. xc. 2. Before the mountains

and abundant in goodness and truth,
were brought forth, or ever thou

Ver. 7. Keeping mercy for thou-
hadst formed the earth and the world: sands, forgiving iniquity, and trans
even from everlasting to everlasting gression, and sin, and that will by
thou art God.
i James i. 17. Every good gift, the iniquity of the fathers upon the

no means clear the guilty; visiting
and every perfect gift, is from above, children, and upon the children's
and cometh down from the Father children, unto the third and to the
of lights, with whom is no variable fourth generation.

neither shadow of turning.
k Exod iji. 14. And God said unto

5. PDeut. vi. 4. Hear, O. Israel;

the Lord our God is one Lord. Jer.
Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and
he said, Thus shalt thou say unto

x. 10. But the Lord is the true God,
he is the living God, and an everlast-


Q. 6. How many persons are there in the Godhead ?

A. There are three persons in the Godhead; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost; and these three are one God, the same in substance, equal in power and glory%.

Q. 7. What are the decrees of God ?

A. The decrees of God are, his eternal purpose, according to the counsel of his will, whereby, for his own glory, he hath foreordained whatsoever comes to pass ".

Q. 8. How doth God execute his decrees?

A God executeth his decrees in the works of creation and providence,

Q. 9. What is the work of creation?

A. The work of creation is, God's making all things of nothing, by the word of his power, in the space of six days, and all very good

Q. 10. How did God create man?

A. God created man male and female, after his own image, in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness, with dominion over the creatures

Q. 11. What


ing King: at his wrath the earth long-suffering the vessels of wrath shall tremble, and the nations shall fitted to destruction; Ver. 23. And not be able to abide his indignation. that he might make known the

6. 91 John v. 7. For there are riches of his glory on the vessels of three that bear record in heaven, the mercy,

which he had afore prepared Father, 'the Word, and the Holy .unto glory? Ghost; and these three are one. Mat. 9 Gen. i. throughout. Heb. xi. 3. xxviii

. 19. Go ye therefore, and teach Through faith we understand that all nations, baptizing them in the the worlds were franied by the word name of the Father, and of the Son, of God, so that things which are and of the Holy Ghost.

seen were not made of things which 7. " Eph. i. 4. According as he hath

do appear. chosen us in him before the founda 10. t Gen. i. 26. And God said, tion of the world, that we should be Let us make man in our image, after holy, and without blame before him our likeness : and let them have in love. Ver. 11. In whom also we dominion over the fish of the sea, have obtained an inheritance, being

and over the fowl of the air, and over predestinated according to the pur the cattle, and over all the earth, pose of him who worketh all things and over every creeping thing that after the counsel of his own will. creepeth upon the earth. Ver. 27. Rom. ix. 22. What if God, willing So God created man in his own to shew his wrath, and to make his image: in the image of God created power known, endured with much he him; male and female created he


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