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of strengthening them against temptations and corruptions": of building them up in grace', and establishing their hearts in holiness and comfort through faith unto salvation:

Q. 156. Is

ed you.

But God be thanked, that ye spiration of God, and is profitable were the servants of sin; but ye for doctrine, for reproof, for correchave obeyed from the heart that tion, for instruction in righteousness: form of doctrine which was deliver. Ver. 17. That the man of God may

be perfect, thoroughly furnished un"Mat. iv. 4. But he answered and to all good works. said, It is written, Man shall not t Rom. xvi. 25. Now to him that live by bread alone, but by every

is of power to establish you according word that proceedeth out of the

to my gospel, and the preaching of mouth of God. Ver. 7. Jesus said Jesus Christ, according to the revela. unto him, It is written again, Thou tion of the mystery, which was kept shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.

secret since the world began. 1 Thess. Ver. 10. Then saith Jesus unto him, iii. 2. And sent Timotheus our broGet thee hence, Satan: for it is ther, and minister of God, and our written, Thou shalt worship the fellow-labourer in the gospel of Lord thy God, and him only shalt

Christ, to establish you, and to comthou serve. Eph. vi. 16. Above all, fort you concerning your faith : taking the shield of faith, wherewith Ver. 10. Night and day praying exse shall be able to quench all the ceedingly that we might see your fiery darts of the wicked. Ver. 17. face, and might perfect that which And take the helmet of salvation,

is lacking in your faith. Ver. 11. and the sword of the Spirit, which

Now God himself and our Father, is the word of God. Psal. xix. 11.

and our Lord Jesus Christ, direct Moreover, by them is thy servant

our way unto you : Ver. 13, To the warned; and in keeping of them

end he may establish your hearts unthere is great reward. i Cor. x. 11.

blaneable in holiness before God, Now all these things happened unto

even our Father, at the coming of them for ensamples: and they are

our Lord Jesus Christ with all his written for our admonition, upon

saints. Rom. XV. 4. For whatsoever whom the ends of the world are

things were written aforetime were

written for our learning ; that we, Acts xx. 32. And now, brethren, through patience and comfort of the I commend you to God, and to the scriptures, might have hope. Rom. word of his grace, which is able to

x. 13. For whosoever shall call upon build you up, and to give you an in

the name of the Lord shall be heritance among all them which are

saved. Ver. 14. How then shall sanctified. 2 Tim. iii. 15. And that from a child thou hast known the

they call on him in whom they have

not believed ? and how shall they holy scriptures, which are able to

believe in him of whom they through faith which is in Christ Jesus. unto salvation, have not heard? and how shall they

hear without a preacher ? Ver. 15. Ver. 16. All scripture is given by in. And how shall they preach except




make thee wise

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Q. 156. Is the word of God to be read by all ?

A Although all are not to be permitted to read the word publickly to the congregation“, yet all sorts of people are bound to read it apart by themselves ", and with their



they be sent ? as it is written, How venth month. Ver. 3. And he read beautiful are the feet of them that therein before the street that was preach the gospel of peace,

and before the water-gate, from the bring glad tidings of good things! morning until mid-day, before the Ver. 16. But they have not all obey

men, and the women, and those ed the gospel; for Esaias saith, that could understand; and the ears Lord, who hath believed our report?

of all the people were attentive unto Ver. 17. So then faith cometh by the book of the law. Neh. ix. 3. hearing, and hearing by the word of And they stood up in their place, God. Rom. i. 16. For I am not

and read in the book of the law of ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for the Lord their God one fourth part it is the power of God unto salvation of the day, and another fourth part to every one that believeth, to the they confessed, and worshipped the Jew first, and also to the Greek. Lord their God. Ver. 4. Then

-156. u Deut. xxxi. 9. And Moses stood up upon the stairs, of the wrote this law, and delivered it Levites, Jeshua, and Bani, 8c. and unto the priests, the sons of Levi, cried with a loud voice unto the which bare the ark of the covenant

Lord their God. Ver. 5. Then the of the Lord, and unto all the elders Levites, Joshua, and Kadmiel, 8c of Israel. Ver. 11. When all Israel said, Stand up, and bless the Lord is come to appear before the Lord

your God for ever and ever; and thy God in the place which he shall blessed be thy glorious name, choose, thou shalt read this law be is exalted above all blessing and fore all Israel in their hearing praise. Ver. 12. Gather the people together,

* Deut. xvii. 19. And it shall be men, and women, and children, and with him, and he shall read therein thy stranger that is within thy gates,

all the days of his life: that he may that they may hear, and that they learn to fear the Lord his God, to may learn, and fear the Lord your keep all the words of this law, and God, and observe to do all the words of this law : Ver. 13. And that i. 3. Blessed is he that readeth, and

these statutes, to do them. Rev. their children, which have

they that hear the words of this known any thing; may hear, and prophecy, and keep those things learn to fear the Lord your God, as

which are written therein: for the long as ye live in the land, whither

time is at hand. John v. 39. Search ye go over Jordan to possess it.

the scriptures, for in them ye think brought the law before the congre- they which testify of me Neh. viii. 2, And Ezra the priest ye have eternal life, and they are yation, both of men and women, and all that could hear with understand.

xxxiv. 16. Seek ye out of the book ws, upon the first day of the se,

of the Lord, and read: no one of these shall fail,

* Deute


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families *: to which end, the holy scriptures are to be
translated out of the original into vulgar languages Y:
- Q. 157. How is the word of God to be read

4. The holy scriptures are to be read with a biglavand reverent esteem of them?; with a firm persuasion that they


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* Deut. vi. 6. And these words, So likewise ye, except ye utter by which I command thee this day, the tongue words easy to be undershall be in thine heart: Ver. 7. And stood, how shall it be known what thou shalt teach them diligently un is spoken? for ye shall speak into to thy children; and shalt talk of the air. Ver. 11. Therefore, if I them when thou sittest in thine know not the meaning of the voice, house, and when thou walkest by I shall be unto him that speaketh the way, and when thou liest down, a barbarian, and he that speaketh and when thou risest up. Ver. 8.

shall be barbarian unto And thou shalt bind them for a sign Ver. 12. Even so ye, forasmuch as upon thine hand, and they shall be ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek as frontlets between thine. eyes. that ye may excel to the edifying Ver. 9. And thou shalt write them of the church. Ver. 15. What is upon the

posts of thy house, and on it then? I will pray with the spirit, thy gates. Gen. xviii. 17. And the and I will pray with the understand. Lord said, Shall I hide from Abra- ing also ; I will sing with the spirit, han that thing which I do? Ver. 19. and I will sing with the understandFor I know him, that he will com

ing also. Ver. 16. Else, when thou mand his children and his household shalt bless with the spirit, how shall after hin, and they shall keep the

he that occupieth the room of the way of the Lord, Psal. Ixxviii. 5. unlearned say Amen at thy giving of For he established a testimony in

thanks, seeing he understandeth not Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, what thou sayest ? Ver. 24. But if which he coninianded our fathers, all prophesy, and there come in one that they should make them known that believeth not, or one unlearned, to their children; Ver. 6. That the hé is convinced of all, he is judged generation to

come might know of all. Ver. 27. If any man speak in them, even the children which an unknown tongue, let it be by should be born, who should arise

two, or at the most by three, and and declare them to their children :

that by course ; and let one inVer. 7. That they might set their

terpret. Ver. 28. But if there be no hope in God, and noe forget the interpreter, let him keep silence in works of God, but keep his com

the church; and let him speak to

himself, and to God. Y I Cor. xiv. 6. Now, brethren,

157. Z Psal. xix. 10. More to be if I come unto you speaking with

desired are they than gold, yea, than tongues, what shall I profit you,

much fine gold: sweeter also than except I shall speak to you either by honey, and the honey-comb. Neha or by knowledge, or by

viii. 3. And he read therein before prophesying,

or by doctrine ? 'Ver. 9. the street that was before the water

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are the very word of God', and that he only can enable us to understand them b; with desire to know, believe, and obey the will of God revealed in them“; with diligence", and at


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gate, from the morning until mid. Knowing this first, that no propheday, before the men and the women, cy of the scripture is of any private and those that could understand; and interpretation. Ver. 21. For the the ears of all the people were atten.

prophecy came not in old time by tive unto the book of the law. Ver. 4. the will of man; but holy men of And Ezra the scribe stood upon a

God spake as they were moved by pulpit of wood, which they had the Holy Ghost. made for the purpose;

-Ver. 5. Luke xxiv. 45. Then opened he And Ezra opened the book in the their understanding, that they might sight of all the people; (for he was understand the scriptures. 2 Cor. above all the people ;) and, when he iii. 13. And not 'as Moses, which opened it, all the people stood up:

put a vail over his face, that the Ver. 6. And Ezra blessed the Lord, children of Israel could not stedfastly the great God. And all the people look to the end of that which is answered, Amen, amen, with lifting abolished. Ver. 14. But their minds up their hands : and they bowed were blinded : for until this day re. their heads, and worshipped the Lord maineth the same vail untaken away with their faces to the ground, &c.

in the reading of the old testament; to Verse 10. Exod. xxiv. 7. And he which vail is done away in Christ, (Moses) took the book of the cove Ver. 15. But even unto this day, nant, and read in the audience of the when Moses is read, the vail is upon people: and they said, All that the their heart. Ver. 16. Nevertheless

, Lord hath said will we do, and be

when it shall turn to the Lord, the obedient. 2 Chron. xxxiv. 27. Be vail shall be taken away. cause thine heart was tender, and

Deut. xvii, 19. And it shall be thou didst humble thyself before

with him, and he shall read therein God, when thou heardest his words all the days of his life; that he may against this place, and against the in

learn to fear the Lord his God, te habitants thereof, and humbledst keep all the words of this law, and thyself before me, and didst rend

these statutes, to do them : Ver. 20. thy clothes, and weep before me; I

That his heart be not lifted up have even heard thee also, saith the aboye his brethren, and that he turn Lord. Isa. Ixvi. 2.But to this

not aside from the commandment man will I look, even to him that is

to the right hand or to the left; to poor, and of a contrite spirit, and

the end that he may prolong his trembleth at my word.

days, a 2 Pet. i. 19. We have also a

d Acts xvii. 11. These (Bereans) more sure word of prophecy; where

were more noble than those in unto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark

Thessalonica, in that they received

the word with all readiness of mind, place, until the day dawn, and the

and searched the scriptures daily, day-star arise in your hearts. Ver. 20.

whether those things were so,

e Acts

tention to the matter and scope of them; with meditation', applications, self-denials, and prayer.

Q. 158. By whom is the word of God to be preached ?

A. The word of God is to be preached only by such as are sufficiently gifted", and also duly approved and called to that office!!

Q. 159. How


€ Acts viii. 30. And Philip ran they sat down at thy feet; every one thither to him, and heard him read shall receive of thy words. the prophet Esaias, and said, Under i Prov. ii. 1. My son, if thou wilt standest thou what thou readest? receive my words, and hide my com. Ver. 34. And the eunuch answered mandments with thee; Ver. 2. So Philip, and said, I pray thée, of that thou incline thine ear unto wis. whom speaketh the prophet this? of dom, and apply thine heart to underhimself," or of some other man? standing: Ver. 3. Yea, if thou criest Luke 2. 26. He said unto him, What after knowledge, and liftest up thy is written in the law ? how readest voice for understanding: Ver. 4. If thou?

Ver. 27. And he answering, thou seekest her as silver, and searchsaid, Thou shalt love the Lord thy est for her as for hid treasures : God with all thy heart, and with all

Ver. 5. Then shalt thou understand thy soul, and with all thy strength, the fear of the Lord, and find the and with all thy mind; and thy knowledge of God. Ver. 6. For neighbour as thyself. Ver. 28. And the Lord giveth wisdom; out of he said unto him, Thou hast an his mouth cometh knowledge and swered right: this do, and thou shalt understanding. Psal. cxix. 18. Open

thou mine eyes, that I may behold f Psal. i. 2. But his delight is in

wondrous things out of thy 'law. the law of the Lord, and in his law

Neh. viii. 6. And Ezra blessed the doth he meditate day and night. Lord, the great God. And all the Psal

. cxix. 97. O how love I thy people answered, Amen, amen, with law! it is my meditation all the day. lifting up their hands : and they 6.2 . Chron. xxxiv

. 21. Go, enquire bowed their heads, and worshipped of the Lord for me, and for them

the Lord with their faces to the that are left in Israel, and in Judah, ground. Ver. 8. So they read in concerning the words of the book

the book, in the law of God disthat is found; for great is the wrath

tinctly, of the Lord that is poured out upon

158. ki Tim. iii. 2. A bishop then us, because our fathers have not

must be blameless, the husband of kept the word of the Lord, to do

one wife, vigilant, sober, of good beafter all that is written in this book,

haviour, given to hospitality, apt to h Prov. iii. 5. Trust in the Lord

teach; Ver. 6. Not a novice, lest, with all thine heart; and lean not

being lifted up with pride, he fall unto thine own understanding. Deut.

into the condenrnation of the devil. xxxiii. 3. Yea, he loved the people;

Eph. iv. 8. Wherefore he saith, all his saints are in thy hand; and

When he ascended up on high, he


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