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ready, and have not repented of the hopeth all things, endureth all
not with bis tongue, nor doeth evil
esteem of our neighbours m; loving, desiring, and rejoicing in their good name”; sorrowing for°, and covering of their infirmities P; freely acknowledging of their gifts and graces”, defending their innocency'; a ready receiving of a good report', and unwillingness to admit of an evil report'; con
Wherefore, putting away lying,
P Prov. xvii. 9. He that covereth speak every man truth with his
a transgression seeketh love; but he neighbour : for we are members one that repeateth a matter separateth of another.
1 Pet. iv. 8. And m Heb. vi. 9. But, beloved, we
above all things have fervent charity are persuaded better things of you, and things that accompany salvation,
among yourselves: for charity shall
cover the multitude of sins, though we thus speak. 1 Cor.
91 Cor. i. 4. I thank my God xiii . 7.Charity) beareth all things, always in your behalf
, for the grace believeth all things, hopeth all thingsof God which is given you by Jesus endureth all things.
Christ; Ver. 5. That in every thing n Rom. i. 8. First, I thank my
ye are enriched by him, in all utterGod through Jesus Christ for you
ance, and in all knowledge. Ver. 7. all, that your faith is spoken of so that ye come behind in no gift; throughout the
waiting for the coming of our Lord 2 John, Ver. 4. I rejoiced greatly Jesus Christ. 2 Tim. i. 4. Greatly that I found of thy children walking desiring to see thee, being mindful in truth, as we have received a
of thy tears, that I may be filled commandment from the Father. 3 John, Ver. 3. For I rejoiced great
with joy; Ver. 5. When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith that
. ly when the brethren came and testi.
is in thee, which dwelt first in thy fied of the truth that is in thee, even
grandmother Lois, and thy mother as thou walkest in the truth. Ver, 4.
Eunice; and I am persuaded that in I have no greater joy than to hear thee also. that my children walk in truth.
ri Sam. xxii. 14. Then Ahi2-2 Cor. ii. 4. For out of much
melech answered the king, and said, afiction and anguish of heart I And who is so faithful among all thy wrote unto you with niany tears;not that ye should be grieved, but
servants as David, which is the king's
son-in-law, and goeth at thy bid. that ye might know the love which
ding, and is honourable in thine I have more abundantly unto you.
house? 2 Cor. xii. 21. And lest, when I
S. 1 Cor. xiii. 6. (Charity) recome again, my God will humble joiceth not in iniquity, but oneme among you, and that I shall be- joiceth in the truth Ver
. 7. Bears wail many which have sinned al
eth all things; believeth all things, mncleanness, and fornication, and las things. civiousness, which they have come mitted.
* Psal. xv. 3. He that backbiteth
cerning them ; discouraging tale-bearers “, flatterers w, and slanderers * ; love and care of our own good name, and defending it when need requireth Y; keeping of lawful promises ? ; studying and practising of whatsoever things are true, honest, lovely, and of good reporta.
Q 145. What are the sins forbidden in the ninth command ment?
A. The sins forbidden in the ninth commandment are, all prejudising the truth, and the good name of our neighbours, as well as our own, especially in publick judicature“; giving
to his neighbour, nor taketh up a
anger was kindled against David, . reproach against his neighbour. and he said, Why camest thou down
u Proy. xxv. 23. The north wind hither? and with whom hast thou : driveth away rain : so doth an angry
left those few sheep in the wildercountenance a backbiting tongue.
ness? I know thy pride, and the * Prov. xxvi. 24. He that hateth naughtiness of thine heart; for thou . dissembleth with his lips, and layeth art come down that thou mightest see up deceit within him. Ver. 25. the battle. 2 Sam. xvi. 3. And the · When he speaketh fair, believe him king said, And where is thy master's not : for there are seven abomina. son? And Ziba said unto the king, tions in his heart.
Behold, he abideth at Jerusalem : for * Psal. ci
. 5. Whoso. privily slan.. he said, To-day shall the house of Isdereth his neighbour, him will I cut rael restore me the kingdonı of my off:
father. 2 Sam. i. 9. He said unto me Prov. xxi. 1. A good name is again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, rather, to be chosen than great
and slay me : for anguish is come riches, and loving favour rather
upon me, because my life is
yet than silver and gold. John viji. 49.
whole. in me. Ver. 10. So I stood Jesus answered, I have not a devil;
upon him, and slew him, because Ii but I honour my Father, and ye do
was sure that he could not live after
that he was fallen; and I took the 2 Psal. xv. 4. He, that.:sweareth
crown that was upon his head, and to his own hørt, and changeth not..
the bracelet that was on his arm, a Phil. iv. 8. Finally, brethren,
and have brought them hither unto fohatsoever things are true, whatso-.
my lord. Ver. 15. And David callever things are honest, whatsoever : ed one of the young men, and said, things are just, whatsoever things
Go near, and fall upon him. And are pure, whatsoever things are love he snote him that he died. Ver. 16. ly, whatsoever things are of good And David said unto him, Thy report; if there be any virtue, and blood be upon thy head; for thy if there be any praise, think on these mouth hath testified against thee,
saying, I have slain the Lord's is 145. b 1 Sam. xvii. 28. And Eliab
anointed. his eldest brother heard when he
° Lev. xix. 15. Ye shall do no, spake unto the men; and Eliab's wrighteousness in judgment : thou
false evidenced, suborning false witnesses', wittingly appearing and pleading for an evil causè, out-facing and over-bearing the truth"; passing unjust sentences, calling evil good, and good evil; rewarding the wicked according to the work of the righteous, and the righteous according to the work
shalt not respect the person of the
throughout the world, and a ring. poor, nor honour the person of the leader of the sect of the Nazarenes. mighty: but in righteousness shalt Psal. xii. 3. The Lord shall cut off thou judge thy neighbour. Hab. all flattering lips, and the tongue i. 4. Therefore the law is slacked, that speaketh proud things. Ver. 4. and judgment doth never go forth; Who have said, With our tongue for the wicked doth compass about
will we prevail, our lips are our own: the righteous: therefore wrong judg- Who is lord over us ? Psal. lii. 1. ment proceedeth.
Why boastest thou thyself in mis. d Prov. xix. 5. A false witness chief, O mighty man? "the goodness shall not be unpunished, and he that of God endureth continually. Ver. 2. speaketh lies shall not escape. Prov. Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs ; like vi. 16. These six things doth the Lord hate, yea, seven are an abomination
a sharp razor, working deceitfully.
Ver. 3. Thou lovest evil more than unto him : Ver. 19. A false witness
good; and lying rather than to that speaketh lies, and him that sow«
speak righteousness. Selah. Ver. 4. eth discord among brethren.
Thou lovest all-devouring words, O e Acts vi. 13. And set up false
thou deceitful tongue. witnesses, which said, This man
& Prov. xvii. 15. He that justifieth ceaseth not to speak blasphemous the 'wicked, and he that condemneth words against this holy place and
the just, even they both are abomi. the law.
nation to the Lord. 1 Kings xxi. f Jer. ix. 3. And they bend their from Verse 9. to 14. And she (Jezetongues like their bow for lies: but bel) wrote in the letters, saying, they are not valiant for the truth
Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on upon the earth; for they proceed high among the people : Ver
. 10 from evil to evil, and they know not
And set two men, sons of Belial, me, saith the Lord. Ver. 5. And
before him, to-bear witness against they will deceive every one his
him, saying, Thou didst blaspheme neighbour, and will not speak the
God and the king; and then carry truth : they have taught their
him out, and stone him, that he tongue to speak lies, and weary
may die. Ver. 11. And the men themselves to commit iniquity. Acts
of his city, xxiv. 2. And when he was called
the nobles who were the inhabiforth, Tertullus began to accuse him, -Ver. - 5. For we have found this
tants in his city, did as Jezebel
had sent unto them. Ver. 19:man a pestilent fellow, and a mover of sedition among all the Jews that he died.
And (they) stoned him with stones,
even the elders and
of the wicked h; forgery, concealing the truth, undue silence in a just causek, and holding our peace when iniquity calleth for either a reproof from ourselves', or complaint to others "; speaking the truth unseasonably", or maliciously to a wrong end", or perverting it to a wrong meaningi, or in doubtful and equivocal expressions, to the pre
h Isa. v. 23. Which justify the land for so much? And she said, wicked for a reward, and take Yea, for so much. Ver. 9. Then away the righteousness of the righ Peter said unto her, How is it that teous from him.
ye have agreed together to tempt i Psal. cxix. 69. The proud have
the Spirit of the Lord ?-2 Tim. forged a lie against me: but I will iv. 16. At my first answer no man keep thy precepts with my whole stood with me, but all men forsook heart. Luke xix. 8. And Zaccheus me: I pray God that it may not stood, and said unto the Lord, Be be laid to their charge. hold, Lord, the half of my goods
11 Kings i. 6. And his father I give to the poor; and if I have had not displeased him at any time, taken any thing from any man by
in saying, Why hast thou done false accusation, I restore him four so ? - Lev. xix. 17. Thou shalt fold. Luke xvi, 5. So he called
not hate thy brother in thine heart: every one of his lord's debtors unto thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy him, and said unto the first, How neighbour, and not suffer sín upon much owest thou unto my lord ? him. Ver, 6. And he said, An hundred
m Isa. lix. 4. None calleth for measures of oil. And he said unto
justice, nor any pleadeth for truth: him, Take thy bill, and sit down they trust in yanity... quickly, and write fifty. Ver. 7.
n Prov. xxix. 11. A fool uttereth Then said he to another, And how
all his mind: but a wise man keepmuch owest thou ?
eth it in till afterwards. k Lev. v. 1. And if a soul sin,
01 Sam. xxii. 9. Then answered and hear the voice of swearing, and Doeg the Edomite, which was set
a witness, whether he hath seen over the servants of Saul, and said, or known of it, if he do not utter
I saw the son of Jesse coming to it, then he shall bear his iniquity.
Nob, to Ahimelech the son of A hiDeut. xiii, 8. Thou shalt not consent
tub. Ver. 10. And he enquired of unto him, nor hearken unto him: the Lord for him: and gave him neither shall thine eye pity him, victuals, and gave him the sword neither shalt thou spare, neither
of Goliath the Philistine. [Comshalt thou conceal him. Acts v. 3.
pared with Psalm lii.] A Psalm of But Peter said, Ananias, why hath
David when Doeg the Edomite came Satan filled thine heart to lie to
and told Saul,-Ver. 1. Why boastthe Holy Ghost, and to keep back
est thou thyself in mischief, part of the price of the land ?
mighty man? &c. to Verse 5. Ver. 8. And Peter answered unto
Psal. lvi. 5. Every day they her, Tell me whether ye sold the
wrest my words: all their thoughts
and judgeth his brother, speaketh themselves, No doubt, this man
judice of truth or justice”; speaking untruth", lying', slandering ; backbiting“, detracting w, tale-bearing, whispering", scoffing”, reviling?, rash, harsh “, and partial censuring " ;
misconstructing are against me for evil. John ii. evil of the law, and judgeth the 19. Jesus answered and said unto law: but if thou judge the law, them, Destroy this temple, and thou art not a doer of the law, but in three days I will raise it up.
a judge. Jer. xxxvii. 4. Therefore Compared with Mat. xxvi. 60.-At the princes said unto the king, We the last came two false witnesses, beseech thee, let this man be put Ver, 61. And said, This fellow said, to death : for thus he weakeneth the I am able to destroy the temple hands of the men of war that re. of God, and to build it in three main in this city, and the hands
of all the people, in speaking such 9 Gen. iii. 5. For God doth words unto them: for this nian seekknow, that in the day ye eat there eth not the welfare of this people, of, then your eyes shall be opened: but the hurt. and ye shall be as gods, knowing
* Lev. xix. 16. Thou shalt not go good and evil. Gen. xxvi. 7. And up and down as a tale-bearer among the men of the place asked him of thy people; neither shalt thou stand his wife; and he said, She is my
against the blood of thy neighbour : sister : for he feared to say, She is
I am the Lord. my wife. Ver. 9. And Abimelech
Y Rom. i. 29. Being filled with called Isaac, and said, Behold, of a all uprighteousness, fornication, surety she is thy wife: and how wickedness, covetousness, saidest thou, She is my sister ?
ousness; full of envy, murder, deIsa. lix. 13. In transgressing bate, deceit, malignity; whisper, and lying against the Lord, and
ers, Ver. 30. Backbiters, haters of departing away from our God,
God, speaking oppression and revolt, con
2 Gen. xxi. 9. And Sarah saw ceiving and uttering from the heart the son of Hagar the Egyptian, words of falsehood,
which she had born unto Abraham, $ Lev. xix. 11. Ye shall not
mocking. Compared with Gal. iv. 29. steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie
But as then he that was born after one to another. Col. iii. 9. Lie
the flesh persecuted him that was not one to another, seeing that ye
born after the Spirit, even so it is . have put off the old man with his deeds.
a 1 Cor. vi. 10. Nor thieves, , < Psal. l. 20. Thou sittest and
nor covetous, nor drunkards, ner speakest against thy brother; thou revilers, nor extortioners
, shall in-, slanderest thine own mother's son..
herit the kingdom of God. u Psal. xv. 3. - He that backbiteth not with his tongue,
b Mat. vii. 1. Judge not, that ye
be not judged.
Acts xxviii. 4. And when the brethren. He barbarians saw the venomous beast that speaketh, evil of his brother, hang on his hand, they said among