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Q. 43. How doth Christ execute the office of a prophet ?.

A. Christ executeth the office of a prophet, in his revealing to the Church *, in all ages, by his Spirit and word », in divers ways of administration, the whole will of God , in all things concerning their edification and salvation b.

Q. 44. How doth Christ execute the office of a priest? A. Christ executeth the office of a priest, in his once offering himself a sacrifice without spot to God", to be a


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43. * John i. 18. No man hath

all things that I have heard of my seen God at any time; the only Father I have made known unto begotten Son, which is in the

you. bosom of the Father, he hath de b Acts xx. 32. And now, brethren, clared him.

I commed you to God, and to the 1 Pet. i. 10. Of which salva. word of his grace, which is able to tion the prophets have enquired, bui

you up, and to give you an and searched diligently, who pro,

ịnheritance among all them which phesied of the grace that should

are sanctified. Eph. iv. 11. And he come unto you : Ver. 11, Searching gave some apostles, and some prowhat

, or what manner of time phets, and some evangelists, and the Spirit of Christ which was in

some pastors and teachers; Ver. 12. them did signify, when it testificd

For the perfecting of the saints, for before hand the sufferings of Christ,

the work of the ministry, for the and the glory that should follow.

edifying of the body of Christ : Ver. Ver. 12. Unto whom it was re

13. Till we all come in the unity of vealed, that not unto themselves,

the faith, and of the knowledge of but unto us they did minister the the Son of God, unto a perfect things which are now reported unto

man, unto the measure of the stature you by them that have preached the

of the fulness of Christ. John xx. 31. gospel unto you, with the Holy

But these are written, that ye might Ghost sent down from heaven;

believe that Jesus is the Christ, the which things the angels desire to

Son of God; and that believing

ye might have life through his 2 Heb. i. 1. God, who at sundry times, and in divers manners, spake


C Heb. ix. 14. How much in time past unto the fathers by the

more shall the blood of Christ, who prophets, Ver. 2. Hath in these last through the eternal Spirit offered days spoken unto us by his Son, himself without spot to God, purge whom he hath appointed heir of all

your conscience from dead works, things, by whom also he made the

to serve the living God ? Ver. 28.

So Christ was once offered to bear John xv, 15. Henceforth I call

the sins of many: and unto them you not servants 3 for the servant

that look for him shall he appear knoweth not what his lord docth :

the second time, without sin, unto but I have called you friends; for


d Heb.

look into.



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reconciliation for the sins of his people ; and in making blare continual intercession for them

Q. 45. How doth Christ execute the office of a king ?

Ă. Christ executeth the office of a king, in calling out of the world a people to himself', and giving them officers, iaws", and censures, by which he visibly governs them'; in bestowing saving grace upon his elect *, rewarding their


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sa ve us.

d Heb. ii

. 17. Wherefore in all morning : thou hast the dew of thy things it behoved him to be made youth. like unto his brethren, that he 8 Eph. iv. 11. And he gave some might be a merciful and faithful apostles, and some prophets, and some high priest in things pertaining to evangelists, and some pastors and God, to make reconciliation for the teachers ; Ver. 12. For the perfectsins of the people.

ing of the saints, for the work of e Heb, vii. 25. Wherefore he is

the ministry, for the edifying of able also to save them to the utter

the body of Christ. 1 Cor. xii. 28. most that come unto God by him, And God hath set some in the seeing he ever liveth to make inter church; first, apostles; secondarily, cession for them.

prophets; thirdly, teachers; after 45. f Acts xv. 14. Simeop hath that miracles; then gifts of healings, declared how God at the first did helps, governments, diversities of visit the Gentiles, to take out of tongues. them a people for his name. Ver.

h Isa. xxxiii. 22. For the Lord is 15. And to this agree the words of

our judge, the Lord is our law. the prophets; as it is written, Ver.

giver, the Lord is our king; he will 16. After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David,

i Mat. xvii. 17. And if he shall which is fallen down : and I will neglect to hear them, tell it unto the build again the ruins thereof, and I

church ; but if he neglect to hear will set it up. Isa. lv. 4. Behold, I

the church, let him be unto thee as have given him for a witness to the

an heathen man, and 'a publican. people, a leader and commander to Ver. 18. Verily I say unto you, the people. Ver. 5, Behold, thou

Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shalt call a nation that thou knowest

shall be bound in heaven ; and whatnot; and nations that knew not thee shall run unto thee, because of the

soever ye shall loose on earth shall be

loosed in heaven. 1 Cor. v. 4. In Lord thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel; for he hath glorified thee.

the nanie of our Lord Jesus Christ, Gen. xlix. 10. The sceptre shall not

when ye are gathered together, and depart from Judah, ror a lawgiver

my spirit, with the power of our

Lord Jesus Christ, Ver. 5. To defrom between his feet, until Shiloh

liver such an one unto Satan for the come; and unto him shall the gather- destruction of the flesh, that the ing of the people be. Psal. cx. 3. Thy people shall be willing in the

spirit may be saved in the day of

the Lord Jesus. day of thy, power; in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the alted with his right hand to be a

k Acts v. 31. Him hath God ex

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obedience', and correcting them for their sins ", preserving and supporting them under all their temptations and sufferings", restraining and overcoming all their enemies °; and powerfully ordering all things for his own glory P, and their good 9; and also in taking

vengeance on the rest, who know not God, and obey not chil the gospel".

Q. 46. What was the estate of Christ's humiliation ? Ă. The estate of Christ's humiliation was that low condition, wherein he for our sakes, emptying himself of his

glory, took upon him the form of a servant, in his conexception and birth, life, death, and after his death, until his resurrection

Q. 47. How

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Prince and a Saviour, for to give mies, &'c. (See the Psalm throughrepentance to Israel, and forgiveness

out.] of sins.

p Rom. xiv. 10. But why dost | Rey. .xxii. 12. And, behold, I thou judge thy brother ? or why dost come quickly; and my reward is thou set at nought thy brother ? with me, to give every man accord for we shall all stand before the ing as his work shall be. Rev. ii. 10. judgment-seat of Christ. Ver. 11. Fear none of those things which For it is written, As I live, saith the thou shalt suffer : behold, the devil Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and shall cast some of you into prison, every tongue shall confess to God. that

ye may be tried; and ye shall 9 Rom. viii. 28. And we know have tribulation ten days: be thou that all things work together for fåthful unto death, and I will give good to them that love God, to them thee a crown of life.

who are the called according to his Rev. iii. 19. As many as. I love purpose. 1 rebuke and chasten ; be zealous

12 Thess. i. 8. In flaming fire, therefore, and repent.

taking vengeance on them that know n Isa. lxiii. 9. In all their afflic not God, and that' obey not the tion he was afflicted, and the an gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ; gel of his presence saved them; Ver. 9. Who shall be punished with in his love and in his pity he re everlasting destruction from the

press deemed them, and he bare' then, sence of the Lord, and from the and carried them all the days of glory of his power. Psal. ii. 8. Ask old.

of me, and I shall give thee the hea. ° 1 Cor. xv. 25. For he must reign then for thine inheritance, and the till he hath put all enemies under his uttermost parts of the earth for thy feet. Psal. cx. 1. The LORD said unto possession. Ver. 9. Thou shalt break my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, them with a rod of iron, thou shalt until I make thine enemies thy foot dash them in pieces like a potter's stool. Ver. 2. The Lord shall send vessel. the rod of thy strength out of Zion; 46. s Phil. ii, 6. Who being in rule thou in the midst of thine ene the form of God, thought it not


0. 47. How did Christ humble himself in his conception and birth?

A. Christ humbled himself in his conception and birth, in that, being from all eternity the Son of God, in the bosom of the Father, he was pleased in the fulness of time to become the son of man, made of a woman of low estate, and to be born of her; with divers circumstances of more than ordinary abasement :

Q. 48. How did Christ humble himself in his life?

A. Christ humbled himself in his life, by subjecting himself to the law", which he perfectly fulfilled "; and by conflicting with the indignities of the world *, tempta




robbery to be equal with God;

made of a woman, made under the Ver. 7. But made himself of no re law. Luke ii. 7. And she brought putation, and took upon him the forth her first-born son, and wrapform of a servant, and was made in ped him in swaddling-clothes, and the likeness of men : Ver. 8. And laid him in a manger, because there being found in fashion as a man, he

room for them in the humbled himself, and became obedi ini. ent unto death, even the death of

48, 4 Gal iv. 4. But when the the cross. Luke i. 31. And, behold,

fulness of the time was come, God thou shalt conceive in thy womb,

sent forth his Son, made of a woman, and bring forth a son, and shalt call made under the law. his name Jesus. 2 Cor. viii. 9. For

W Mat. v. 17. Think not that I ye know the grace of our Lord

am come to destroy the law or 1> Jesus Christ, that though he was

prophets : I am not come to destroy, rich, yet for your sakes he became but to fulfil.

Rom. v. 19. For as poor, that ye through his poverty

by one man's disobedience niany might be rich. Acts ii. 24. Whom

were made sinners; so by the obeGod hath raised up, having loosed

dience of one shall many be made the pains of death; because it was righteous. not possible that he should be hold.

* Psal. xxii, 6. But I am a worm, en of it,

and no man; a reproach of men, and 47. • John i. 14. And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among

despised of the people. Heb. xii. 2, us, (and we beheld his glory, the

Looking unto Jesus, the author and

finisher of our faith; who, for the glory as of the only begotten of joy that was set before hin, endured the Father,) full of grace and truth. Ver. 18. No man hath seen God at

the cross, despising the shame, and is any time; the only begotten Son,

set down at the right hand of the which is in the bosom of the Father,

throne of God. Ver. 3. For conhe hath declared him. Gal. iv. 4.

sider hin that endured such contraBut when the fulness of the time

diction of sinners against himself, lest was come, God sent forth his Son,

ye be wearied, and faint in your minds.

y Mat.


tions of Satans, and infirmities in his flesh, whether common to the nature of man, or particularly accompanying that his low condition?.

Q. 49. How did Christ humble himself in his death? A. Christ humbled himself in his death, in that having been betrayed by Judas', forsaken by his disciples , scorned and rejected by the world', condemned by Pilate, and tormented by his persecutors d; having also conflicted with the terrors of death, and the powers of darkness, felt and borne the weight of God's wrath', he laid down his


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y Mat. iv. 1. to verse 12. Then was done, that the scriptures of was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the prophets might be fulfilled. the wilderness, to be tempted of the Then all the disciples forsook him, devil, 66. Luke iv. 13. And when and fled. the devil had ended all the tempta

c Isa, liii. 2. For he shall grow up tion, he departed from him for a before him as a tender plant, and as sason.

a root out of a dry ground: he hath 2 Heb. ii. 17. Wherefore in all no form nor comeliness; and when things it behoved him to be made we shall see him, there is no beauty like unto his brethren ; that he might that we should desire him.

Ver. 3. be a merciful and faithful high priest He is despised and rejected of men, a in things pertaining to God, to make man of sorrows, and acquainted with reconciliation for the sins of the grief: and we hid as it were our people. Ver. 18. For in that he faces from him ; he was despised, and himself hath suffered, being tempted,

we esteemed him not, he is able to succour them that are d Mat. xxvii. 26. to verse 50. tenipted. Heb. iv. 15. For we have Then released he Barabbas unto not an high priest which cannot be them : and when he had scourged touched with the feeling of our in- Jesus, he delivered him to be crucifirmities; but was in all points fied, &C. John xix. 34. But one of tempted like as we are, yet without the soldiers with a spear pierced his sin. Isa. lii. 13. Behold, my ser side, and forthwith came thereout yant shall deal prudently; he shall

blood and water. be exalted and extolled, and be very

e Luke xxii. 44, And being in an high. Ver. 14. As many were asto agony, he prayed more earnestly; nished at thee; his visage was so

and his sweet was as it were great marred more than any niall,

and his drops of blood falling down to form more than the sons of men.

the ground.

Mat. xxvii, 46. 49. a Mat. xxvii. 4. Saying, I

And about the ninth hour Jehave sinned, in that I have betrayed sus cried with a loud voice saythe innocent blood. And they said, ing, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani ? What is that to us? see thou to

that is to say, My God, my that.

God, why hast thuu forsaken b. Mat. xxvi. 56. But all this

19. Para

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