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whom she instructs to kindle war, 323-340: Amata, stung by Allecto's art, first remonstrates with Latinus against the projected marriage, 341-372. She becomes wild at his rejection of her remonstrance, and conveys her daughter to the woods, pretending to celebrate the rites of Bacchus (see A. 4, 301). She is joined by the women of Latium, 372-405. Allecto betakes herself eastward to Ardea, the city of Turnus, king of the Rutuli, a Latian tribe, where she finds the prince asleep, 406-414. She presents herself in a vision as the aged priestess of Juno, and stirs him to oppose Aeneas, 415-434. Turnus treats the matter lightly, on which Allecto discloses herself, and he awakes, roused to frenzy, 435-466. He assembles his warriors, determined on war against Aeneas, and Latinus also, if the latter should refuse to join him, 467-474. Iulus happened to be hunting, and Allecto directs his hounds against the pet stag of the family of Tyrrheus, the herdsman of King Latinus, 475-495. Wounded by Iulus, it takes shelter in the house of Tyrrheus, 496-502. Tyrrheus calls to arms, Allecto sounds the signal-horn, and the peasants rush to the fray, while Iulus is supported by re-inforcements from the camp, 503-530. The first blood is shed, 531-539. Juno orders to her train the exulting Fury, who descends by the Lake Amasancti, in the country of the Hirpini, a Samnian tribe, 540-571. Juno conducts the continuance of the strife, which rages on, the shepherds bearing to the city the tidings of the fray, and Turnus, with others, joining with them in the demand for vengeance, 572-585. Latinus resists, but is overpowered, and leaves the management of the war to others, 586-600. On his refusal to open the temple of Janusthe signal of war—Juno herself does it, 601-622. The Ausonians prepare for war, of whose cities are named-perhaps to indicate the confines-Atina, on a branch of the Liris; Tibur, on the Anio; Ardea, Antemnae, at the junction of the Anio and the Tiber; and Crustumerium, on the Sabine side of the Tiber, 623-640. Another invocation to the Muses, 641-646. List of Italian kings and states engaged in the war. From Agylla, afterwards Caere, in Etruria, Mezentius, with his son Lausus, 647-654. Aventinus, from the Aventine hill, in Latium, 655-669. Catillus and Coras, Argives, from Tibur, 670-677. Caeculus, from Praeneste, south-east of Tibur, with the warriors of Gabii (see A. 6, 773), the inhabitants of the banks of the Anio and of the Amasenus——the former, a tributary of the Tiber; the latter, flowing into the Tuscan sea at Anxur-and Anagnia, in the country of the Hernici, 678-690. Messapus at the head of Tyrrhenian troops from Fescennium, Falerii, Mount Soracte, Capena—all near the west bank of the Tiber; Flavinium, whose site is unknown; and the mountain and lake of Ciminus, west of Falerii, 691-705. Clausus at the head of Sabine troops from Foruli and Amiternum, afterwards in the country of the Vestini, near the source of the Aternus; the Quirites A. 6, 811 the men of Eretum, and Nomentum, near the Allia; Mutusca, probably on Mount Lucretilis, east of Cures; the inhabitants of the country round Lake Velinus, whose waters flow into the Nar; of Nursia, on Mount Tetricus, a branch of the Apennines, from which the Nar flows; and Severus, probably a peak of the same range; Casperia, on the river Himella, a branch of the Tiber; Fabaris, another branch ; Horta, a town on the Tuscan side of the Tiber, near its confluence with the Nar; the Latin tribes in the neighbourhood, and those on the banks of the Allia, that unlucky tributary of the Tiber (infaustum nomen), where the Romans were defeated by the Gauls, 706-722. Halesus, the charioteer of Agamemnon, leads warriors from Campania ; the Aurunci, on the south side of the Liris, from the Massic hills, celebrated for their vines; Sidicium Cales, in the Falernian district ; Saticula, on the river Vulturnus; and the Osci, a tribe settled further south, 723-732. Oebalus also led from Campania, the Sarrastes, from the banks of the Sarnus, which flows into the sea at Pompeii; the men of Rufrae and Abella, near the source of the Clanius; and from Samnium, the men of Batulum, and perhaps Celenna, whose site is not known, 733-743. Ufens led a body of the Aequiculae, or Aequi, a small but hardy tribe at the source of the Anio; from Nersae, whose situation is unknown, 744-749. The priest Umbro headed the Marsi, from Marrubium, on the north of Fucinus, a lake in the Apennines, the grove of Anguitia being on the south, 750-760. From Aricia (with its lake sacred to Diana, humentia litora, and see verse 516), north of Ardea, came Virbius, son of Hippolytus, afterwards Virbius, and the Nymph Aricia, 761-782. Turnus himself headed the Rutulians, with the Aurunci from the north side of the Liris; the Sicani, the (Aborigines) early inhabitants of Italy; the Sacrani, who probably at one time lived near the Lake Fucinus; the inhabitants of Labecum, a town west of Praeneste, and of the banks of the Tiber and Numicius; and the town of Circaei ; and Anxur, where Jupiter was worshipped under the name of Anxurus, and was said to be married to Feronia, who had a grove and temple near; of the marshy country of Satura, which probably formed a part of the Pontine marshes, overflowed by the Ufens and Amasenus, 783-802.
The Volscians were led by the female warrior Camilla, 803-817. In this Book, Virgil has collected the traditions of the early settlements
of Italy, without regard to chronological exactness, but with that remarkable knowledge of the history of his country, and attention to correct delineation, for which he is deservedly celebrated.
Tu quoque litoribus nostris, Aeneïa nutrix,
4. Hesperia. See A. 1, 530.–5. Pius. See A. 1, 378.
Aggere composito tumuli, postquam alta quierunt
Jamque rubescebat radiis mare, et aethere ab alto 25
Nunc age, qui reges, Erato, quae tempora rerum,
11. Solis filia, Circe.-12. Resonat, transitive, as in Ecl. 1, 5.15. Exaudiri, historic infinitive. — 21. Quae talia monstra, such portentous changes as these.'
27. Posuere, &c. See A. 1, 234.33. Alveo; pronounce as a dissyllable -alv-yo.
37. Erato, the Muse of love-poetry, here representing the Muse generally. Or, in the peculiar sense of the word, the allusion may be
Tu vatem, tu, diva, mone. Dicam horrida bella ;
Laurus erat tecti medio, in penetralibus altis,
Praeterea, castis adolet dum altaria taedis,
to the war that love for Lavinia kindled.-43. Tyrrhenam, &c. See A. 6, 697.-47. Fauno, an Italian god, who protected shepherds, and pronounced oracles (see verse 81), afterwards identified with the Greek Pan. See Ed. 5, 59.-56. Turnus, the son of Daunus (A. 10, 116) and Venilia (A. 10, 76), king of the Rutuli, a tribe of Latium, descended through Danaë, daughter of Acrisius, king of Argos, from the Argives. See verse 373. Conjux, Amata, the wife of Latinus.
64, &c. See G. 4, 558.—69. As the bees came through the air across the sea (trans aethera), so a foreigner was to come across the seas, and settle in the citadel, here betokened by the top of the laurel.70. Dominarier for dominari. See A. 4, 493.
Visa-nefas !-longis comprendere crinibus ignem,
At rex, sollicitus monstris, oracula Fauni,
73. Nefas, contrary to the laws of nature, and of evil omen.75. Comas, the accusative of limitation. See A. 4, 558.—77. Vulcanum. See A. 2, 311.—79. Canebant, praedicebant vates.
82. Fotidici. See verse 47.—85. Oenotria. See A. 1, 532.—88. See a Highland usage somewhat similar, described in Scott's Lady of the Lake, canto 4, note 2, T.-91. Acheronta, for umbras Acherontis. See A. 6, 295. Avernis. See A. 5, 732.-93. Mactabat, &c. See A. 4, 57. -94. Tergo, tergoribus.-96. Connūbiis; three syllables-con-nūb-yis.97. Thalamis paratis, the marriage with Turnus.—98. Qui, tales ut ferant.