When Scotland Was Jewish: DNA Evidence, Archeology, Analysis of Migrations, and Public and Family Records Show Twelfth Century Semitic Roots
The popular image of Scotland is dominated by widely recognized elements of Celtic culture. But a significant non–Celtic influence on Scotland’s history has been largely ignored for centuries? This book argues that much of Scotland’s history and culture from 1100 forward is Jewish. The authors provide evidence that many of the national heroes, villains, rulers, nobles, traders, merchants, bishops, guild members, burgesses, and ministers of Scotland were of Jewish descent, their ancestors originating in France and Spain. Much of the traditional historical account of Scotland, it is proposed, rests on fundamental interpretive errors, perpetuated in order to affirm Scotland’s identity as a Celtic, Christian society. A more accurate and profound understanding of Scottish history has thus been buried. The authors’ wide-ranging research includes examination of census records, archaeological artifacts, castle carvings, cemetery inscriptions, religious seals, coinage, burgess and guild member rolls, noble genealogies, family crests, portraiture, and geographic place names.
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1 The Origins of Scotland
But Why Do You Think They Were Jewish?
3 Genealogies of the First Wave of Jewish Families 11001350 CE
4 Genealogies of the Second Wave of Jewish Families 13501700 CE
5 The Early Jews of France 7001200 CE
6 When Did Jews Arrive in Scotland?
7 To Scotlands Stirling Ayr and Glasgow
Raw Scores for Participants in Melungeon DNA Surname Project
Naming and Jewish PriestKings
Early Jewish Names in France and England
Davidic Jewish Genealogies
Border Reiver DNA
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Aberdeen Adam Alexander ancestry Andrew Arabic Benbassa Bishop born Bruce burgess Campbell Castle Celtic cemetery century chapter Charlemagne Charles Christian Church converso Cowan Crypto-Jewish Crypto-Jews Crypto-Judaic Davidson descent di›erent Douglas Earl Elizabeth Caldwell Hirschman England England England England Europe Female Uncertain Flanders Forbes France Fraser French FTDNA genealogy George Germany Glasgow Gordon guild haplotype Hebrew Henry Holy House House House Hungary Ireland Isaac Italy Jacobs James Jerusalem Jewish Jewish surname Jews John Judaic Judaism Kennedy King David King of Jerusalem Knights Knights Templar Knox land Leslie Lyon Machar Malcolm Male English equivalent Male Uncertain Margaret Marrano married Mary matches Mediterranean Melungeon merchant Murray Muslim Narbonne Norman origin Palestine Photograph by Elizabeth population Portugal Rebecca religious Robert Robert de Bruce Roman royal Samuel Scotland Scots Scottish Clan Semitic Sephardic southern Spain Spanish Stewart Stirling Templar Temple Thomas trade Visigothic William Yates YHRD