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author ** that I have seen : I conceived it would be life unto it. So in all humbleness I conclude my honour for his Majesty, and a work very memorable, presenting unto your lordship this wish ; which, if if this island of Great Britain, as it is now joined in it perish, it is but a loss of that which is not. And monarchy for the ages to come, so it were joined so craving pardon that I have taken so much time in 'history for the times past: and that one just and from your lordship, I remaincomplete history were compiled of both nations. And if any man perhaps should think it may refresh the memory of former discords, he may satisfy himself with the verse olim hæc meminisse juvabit :" for LXXXIV. TO THE KING, UPON SENDING the case being now altered, it is matter of comfort UNTO HIM A BEGINNING OF THE HISand gratulation to remember former troubles. Thus TORY OF HIS MAJESTY'S TIMES. much, if it may please your lordship, is in the optative mood; and it is time that I did look a little

IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MAJESTY, into the potential; wherein the hope which I con- Hearing that your Majesty is at leisure to peruse ceived was grounded upon three observations. The story, a desire took me to make an experiment what first, the nature of these times, which flourish in I could do in your Majesty's times, which being but learning, both of art and language; which giveth a leaf or two, I pray your pardon, if I send it for hope not only that it may be done, but that it may your recreation; considering that love must creep be well done. Secondly, I do see that which all where it cannot go. But to this I add these pethe world sees in his Majesty, both a wonderful titions : First, that if your Majesty do dislike any judgmentin learning, and a singular affection towards thing, you would conceive I can amend it upon your learning, and works which are of the mind more least beck. Next, that if I have not spoken of your than of the hand. For there cannot be the like Majesty encomiastically, your Majesty would be honour sought and found, in building of galleries, pleased only to ascribe it to the law of a history ; and planting of elms along high-ways, and in those which doth not cluster together praises upon the outward ornaments, wherein France is now so busy, first mention of a name, but rather disperseth and things rather of magnificence than of magnanimity, weaveth them through the whole narrative. And as as there is in the uniting of states, pacifying of for the proper place of commemoration, which is in controversies,s nourishing and augmenting of learn- the period of life, I pray God I may never live to ing and arts, and the particular actions appertaining write it. Thirdly, that the reason why I presumed to these ; of which kind Cicero judged truly, when to think of this oblation, was because whatsoever he said to Cæsar, “Quantum operibus tuis detrahet my disability be, yet I shall have that advantage vetustas, tantum addet laudibus.” And lastly, I call which almost no writer of history hath had; in that to mind, that your lordship at some times hath been shall write of times not only since I could repleased to express unto me a great desire, that member, but since I could observe. And lastly, that something of this nature should be performed; it is only for your Majesty's reading. answerable indeed to your other noble and worthy courses and actions; joining and adding unto the great services towards his Majesty, which have, in small compass of time, been performed by your lord- LXXXV. A LETTER OF EXPOSTULATION, TO ship, other great deservings, both of the church and SIR EDWARD COKE, ATTORNEY-GENERAL.** commonwealth, and particulars : so as the opinion

MR. ATTORNEY, of so great and wise a man doth seem to me a good warrant both of the possibility and worth of the I thought best, once for all, to let you know in matter. But all this while I assure myself, I cannot plainness what I find of you, and what you shall find be mistaken by your lordship, as if I sought an office of me. You take to yourself a liberty to disgrace or employment for myself; for no man knows better and disable my law, my experience, my discretion. than your lordship, that if there were in me any What it pleaseth you, I pray, think of me: I am faculty thereunto, yet neither my course of life nor one that knows both mine own wants and other profession would permit it; but because there be so men's; and it may be, perchance, that mine mend, many good painters || both for hand and colours, it when others stand at a stay. And surely I may needeth but encouragement and instructions to give not endure, in public place, to be wronged without

leaving the ecclesiastical and civil affairs of those times to be land; a book much admired by some, though censured by related by the learned pens of Dr. Burnet, notwithstanding many, for his partiality in favour of the lords, against Mary the objections of the avowed enemies, and seeming friends to queen of the Scots, and the regal power. In other respects, the reformation, and the lord Herbert of Cherbury; that I archbishop Spotswood informs us that he penned it with such think there is not much of moment to be expected from a judgment and eloquence, as no country can show a better. future hand. And for the annals of queen Elizabeth com- Stephens. piled by Mr. Car en, the esteem of them is as universal as + The magnificent gallery at the Louvre in Paris, built by the language in which they are written. Nor must I forget Henry IV. in this place to take notice of two fair and large volumes lately The union of England and Scotland. published in French by Monsieur de Larrey; where building The conference at Hampton court held between the upon the foundations laid by these gentlemen, and some bishops and puritans, as they were then called, soon after the other memoirs, he hath not forgotten to do much honour to king's coming to the crown of England, and where his Majesty the English nation: beginning his history also with Henry was the moderator. Stephens. VII. Stephens.

|| Great masters. Matth. * This I take to be meant of Buchanan's History of Scot- Rawley's Resuscitatio.

** Ibid.

repelling the same to my best advantage to right myself. You are great, and therefore have the LXXXVII. ANOTHER LETTER TO THE EARL more enviers, which would be glad to have you paid OF SALISBURY, TOUCHING THE SOLICITat another's cost. Since the time I missed the OR'S PLACE.+ solicitor's place, the rather I think by your means, I

IT MAY PLEASE YOUR LORDSHIP, cannot expect that you and I shall ever serve as attorney and solicitor together; but either to serve I am not ignorant how mean a thing I stand for, with another upon your remove, or to step into some in desiring to come into the solicitor's place : for I other course ; so as I am more free than ever I was know well, it is not the thing it hath been; time from any occasion of unworthy conforming myself having wrought alteration both in the profession, and to you, more than general good manners, or your in that special place. Yet because, I think, it will particular good usage shall provoke ; and if you had increase my practice, and that it may satisfy my not been short-sighted in your own fortune, as I friends, and because I have been voiced to it, I think, you might have had more use of me. But would be glad it were done. Wherein I may say to that tide is passed. I write not this to show my your lordship, in the confidence of your poor kinsfriends what a brave letter I have written to Mr. man, and of a man by you advanced, “ Tu idem fer Attorney; I have none of those humours; but that opem, qui spem dedisti :” for, I am sure, it was not I have written is to a good end, that is, to the more possible for a man living to have received from decent carriage of my master's service, and to our another more significant and comfortable words of particular better understanding one of another. This hope ; your lordship being pleased to tell me, during letter, if it shall be answered by you in deed, and the course of my last service, that you would raise not in word, I suppose it will not be worse for us me; and that when you had resolved to raise a both; else it is but a few lines lost, which for a man, you were more careful of him than himself; much smaller matter I would have adventured. So and that what you had done for me in my marriage, this being to yourself, I for my part rest

was a benefit to me, but of no use to your lordship; (Before June, 1606.]

and therefore I might assure myself, you would not leave me there ; with many like speeches, which I know my duty too well, to take any other hold of

than the hold of a thankful remembrance. And I LXXXVI. TO THE EARL OF SALISBURY, CON. lordship is no dealer of holy water, but noble and

acknowledge, and all the world knoweth, that your CERNING THE SOLICITOR'S PLACE.*

real: and, on my part, I am of a sure ground, that MAY IT PLEASE YOUR LORDSHIP,

I have committed nothing that may deserve alter

ation. And therefore my hope is, your lordship will I am not privy to myself of any such ill deserving finish a good work, and consider, that time groweth towards your lordship, as that I should think it an precious with me, that I am now in vergentibus impudent thing to be a suitor for your favour in a annis. And although I know that your fortune is reasonable matter; your lordship being to me as, not to need a hundred such as I am, yet I shall be with your good favour, you cannot cease to be; but ever ready to give you my first and best fruits; and rather it were a simple and arrogant part in me to to supply, as much as in me lieth, worthiness by forbear it.

thankfulness. It is thought Mr. Attorney shall be chief justice of the common pleas; in case Mr. Solicitor rise, I would be glad now at last to be solicitor; chiefly because I think it will increase my practice, wherein LXXXVIII. TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR, God blessing me a few years, I may mend my state,

CONCERNING THE SOLICITOR'S PLACE.I and so after fall to my studies and ease; whereof one is requisite for my body, and the other serveth for

IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP, my mind; wherein if I shall find your lordship’s favour, I shall be more happy than I have been, Majesty, and among your lordships of his council, which may make me also more wise. I have small that I should be placed solicitor, and the solicitor to store of means about the king, and to sue myself is be removed to be the king's serjeant; so I most not fit: and therefore I shall leave it to God, his thankfully acknowledge your lordship’s fartherance Majesty, and your lordship, for I must still be next and forwardness therein ; your lordship being the the door. I thank God, in these transitory things I man that first devised the mean : wherefore my am well resolved. So beseeching your lordship not humble request to your lordship is, that you would to think this letter the less humble, because it is set in with some strength to finish this your work; plain, I rest, &c.

which, I assure your lordship, I desire the rather, 1606.


because being placed, I hope for many favours at last to be able to do you some better service. For as I am, your lordship cannot use me ; nor scarcely indeed know me. Not that I vainly think I shall

be able to do any great matters, but certainly it will Stephens's First Collection, p. 28.

† Rawley's Resuscitatio.


p's As I conceived it to be a resolution, both with his

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frame me to use a more industrious observance and you ought. So wishing you better than it seemeth application to such, as I honour so much as I do you will draw upon yourself, I rest, your lordship; and not, I hope, without some good

Yours, offices, which may now and then deserve your thanks.

FR. BACON. And here withal, good my lord, I humbly pray your lordship to consider, that time groweth precious with me, and that a married man is seven years elder in his thoughts the first day: and therefore what a

XC. TO THE KING TOUCHING THE discomfortable thing is it for me to be unsettled

SOLICITOR'S PLACE.+ still ! Certainly, were it not that I think myself born to do my sovereign service, and therefore in How honestly ready I have been, most gracions that station I will live and die ; otherwise for mine sovereign, to do your Majesty humble service, to the own private comfort, it were better for me that the best of my power, and in a manner beyond my king should blot me out of his book; or that I should power, as I now stand, I am not so unfortunate but turn my course to endeavour to serve in some other your Majesty knoweth. For both in the commission kind, than for me to stand thus at a stop į and to of union, the labour whereof, for men of my profeshave that little reputation, which by my industry I sion, rested most upon my hand, and this last pargather, to be scattered and taken away by continual liament, in the bill of the subsidy, both body and disgraces, every new man coming above me. Sure preamble ; in the bill of attainders, both Tresham I am, I shall never have fairer promises and words and the rest; in the matter of purveyance; in the from all your lordships. For I know not what my ecclesiastical petitions ; in the grievances; and the services are, saving that your lordships told me they like; as I was ever careful, and not without good were good, and I would believe you in a much success, sometimes to put forward that which was greater matter. Were it nothing else, I hope the good, sometimes to keep back that which was not modesty of my suit deserveth somewhat; for I know so good; so your Majesty was pleased kindly to well the solicitor's place is not as your lordship left accept of my services, and to say to me, such conit; time working alteration, somewhat in the pro- flicts were the wars of peace, and such victories fession, much more in that special place. And the victories of peace ; and therefore such serwere it not to satisfy my wife's friends, and to get vants that obtained them were, by kings that reign myself ont of being a common gaze and a speech, I in peace, no less to be esteemed, than services of protest before God I would never speak word for it. commanders in the wars. In all which nevertheBut to conclude, as my honourable lady your wife less I can challenge to myself no sufficiency, but was some mean to make me to change the name of that I was diligent and reasonably happy to execute another; so if it please you help me to change mine those directions, which I received either immediately own name, I can be but more and more bounden to from your royal mouth, or from my lord of Salisyou: and I am much deceived, if your lordship find bury: at which time it pleased your Majesty also not the king well inclined, and my lord of Salisbury to promise and assure me, that upon the remove of forward and affectionate.

the then attorney I should not be forgotten, but 1606.

brought into ordinary place. And this was after confirmed to me, by many of my lords, and towards the end of the last term, the manner also in particu

lar was spoken of; that is, that Mr. Solicitor should LXXXIX.

be made your Majesty's serjeant, and I solicitor; TO MY LADY PACKINGTON, IN

for so it was thought best to sort with both our gifts ANSWER TO A MESSAGE BY HER SENT..

and faculties for the good of your service; and of

this resolution both court and country took knowMadam,

ledge. Neither was this any invention or project You shall with right good will be made acquaint- of mine own; but moved from my lords, and I think ed with any thing that concerneth your daughters, first from my lord chancellor; whereupon resting, if you bear a mind of love and concord: otherwise your Majesty well knoweth I never opened my you must be content to be a stranger unto us :'for Imouth for the greater place; though I am sure I may not be so unwise as to suffer you to be an au- had two circumstances, that Mr. Attorney, that now thor or occasion of dissension between your daugh-is, could not allege: the one, nine years service of ters and their husbands, having seen so much misery the crown; the other, the being cousin germain to of that kind in yourself.

the lord of Salisbury, whom your Majesty esteemeth And above all things I will turn back your kind and trusteth so much. But for the less place, I conness, in which you say, you will receive my wife if ceived it was meant me. But after that Mr. Attorney she be cast off; for it is much more likely we have Hobart was placed, I heard no more of my preferoccasion to receive you being cast off, if you remem- ment; but it seemed to be at a stop, to my great ber what is passed. But it is time to make an end disgrace and discouragement. For, gracious sove. of those follies : and you shall at this time pardon reign, if still, when the waters are stirred, another me this one fault of writing to you ; for I mean to shall be put in before me, your Majesty had need do it no more till you use me and respect me as work a miracle, or else I shall be still a lame man * Froin an old copy of Sir Francis Bacon's Letters.

† Rawley's Resuscitatio.


to do your Majesty service. And therefore my most | another, contain you, even as I hope he will, at the humble suit to your Majesty is ; that this, which least, within the bounds of loyalty to his Majesty, seemed to me intended, may speedily be performed : and natural piety towards your country. And I en and I hope, my former service shall be but as be-treat you much, sometimes to meditate upon the ginnings to better, when I am better strengthened: extreme effects of superstition in this last powder for, sure I am, no man's heart is fuller, I say not treason ; fit to be tabled and pictured in the chambers but many may have greater hearts, but I say, not of meditation, as another hell above the ground : fuller of love and duty towards your Majesty and and well justifying the censure of the heathen, that your children; as, I hope, time will manifest against superstition is far worse than atheism; by how much envy and detraction, if any be. To conclude, I most it is less evil to have no opinion of God at all, than humbly crave pardon for my boldness, and rest- such as is impious towards his divine majesty and 1606.

goodness. Good Mr. Matthew, receive yourself back from these courses of perdition. Willing to

have written a great deal more, I continue, &c. XCI. TO THE EARL OF SALISBURY, UPON


Having no gift to present you with in any degree

Sir, proportionable to my mind, I desire nevertheless to Two letters of mine are now already walking totake the advantage of a ceremony to express myself wards you ; but so that we might meet, it were no to your lordship; it being the first time I could matter though our letters should lose their way. I make the like acknowledgment, when I stood out of make a shift in the mean time to be glad of your the person of a suitor: wherefore I most humbly pray approaches, and would be more glad to be an agent your lordship to think of me, that, now it hath pleased for your presence, who have been a patient by your you, by many effectual and great benefits, to add the absence. If your body by indisposition make you assurance and comfort of your love and favour to acknowledge the healthful air of your native country; that precedent disposition, which was in me to ad- much more do I assure myself, that you continue to mire your virtue and merit; I do esteem whatsoever have your mind no way estranged.

And as my I have or may have in this world, but as trash, in trust with the state is above suspicion, so my comparison of having the honour and happiness to knowledge both of your loyalty and honest nature be a near and well accepted kinsman to so rare and will ever make me show myself your faithful friend worthy a counsellor, governor, and patriot: for hav- without scruple. You have reason to commend that ing been a studious, if not a curious observer of an- gentleman to me, by whom you sent your last, altiquities of virtue, as of late pieces, I forbear to say though his having travelled so long amongst the to your lordship what I find and conceive; but to sadder nations of the world make him much the less any other I would think to make myself believed. easy upon small acquaintance to be understood. I But not to be tedious in that which may have the have sent you some copies of my book of the “ Adshow of a compliment, I can but wish your lordship vancement,” which you desired; and a little work many happy years, many more than your father had; of my recreation, which you desired not. My “ Ineven so many more, as we may need you more. So stauration ” I reserve for our conference ; it sleeps I remain

not. Those works of the “Alphabet” are in my opinion of less use to you where you are now, than

at Paris; and therefore I conceived, that you had XCII. TO MR. MATTHEW, IMPRISONED FOR

sent me a kind of tacit countermand of your former RELIGION.

request. But in regard that some friends of yours

have still insisted here, I send them to you ; and for MR. Matthew,

my part, I value your own reading more than your Do not think me forgetful or altered towards you: publishing them to others. Thus, in extreme haste, but if I should say, I could do you any good, I should I have scribbled to you I know not what, which make my power more than it is. I do hear that therefore is the less affected, and for that very reason which I am right sorry for, that you grow more

will not be esteemed the less by you. impatient and busy than at first; which maketh me exceedingly fear the issue of that which seemeth not to stand at a stay. I myself am out of doubt, that you have been miserably abused, when you were

XCIV. TO SIR GEORGE CAREW,Ş ON SEND. first seduced; but that which I take in compassion,

ING HIM THE TREATISE “IN FELICEM others may take in severity. I pray God, that under

MEMORIAM ELIZABETHÆ.”|| standeth us all better than we understand one Being asked a question by this bearer, an old serRawley's Resuscitatio.

+ Ibid.

but he survived not many years. M. de Thou in a letter to Sir Tobie Matthew's Collection of Letters, p. 14. Mr. Camden in 1613, very much laments his death; as losing

Sir George Carew of Cornwall was master in chancery a friend he much valued, and an assistant in the prosecution in the time of queen Elizabeth; and in 1597 sent ambassador of his history: having received helps from him in that into Poland; and in 1606 went to the court of France with part which relates to the dissensions between the Poles and the like character. After about three years' continuance, he the Swedes in the year 1598, as appears before the contents of was recalled by the king to make use of his services at home; book CXXI. Stephens.

|| Rawley's Resuscitatio.

vant of my brother Anthony Bacon's, whether I would command him any thing into France ; and xcv. TO THE KING, UPON PRESENTING being at better leisure than I would, in regard of THE “ DISCOURSE TOUCHING THE PLAN. sickness, I began to remember that neither your TATION OF IRELAND." business nor mine, though great and continual, can be, upon an exact account, any just occasion why so

IT MAY PLEASE YOUR EXCELLENT MAJESTY, much good-will as hath passed between us should I know not better how to express my good wishes be so much discontinued as it hath been. And of a new-year to your Majesty, than by this little therefore, because one must begin, I thought to pro- book, which in all humbleness I send you. The voke your remembrance of me by a letter : and style is a style of business, rather than curious or thinking to fill it with somewhat besides salutations, elaborate. And herein I was encouraged by my it came to my mind, that this last summer vacation, experience of your Majesty's former grace, in by occasion of a factious book that endeavoured to accepting of the like poor field-fruits touching the verify “ Misera Fæmina,” the addition of the pope's union. And certainly I reckon this action as a bull, upon queen Elizabeth, I did write a few lines second brother to the union. For I assure myself in her memorial, which I thought you would be that England, Scotland, and Ireland well united, is pleased to read, both for the argument, and because such a trefoil as no prince except yourself, who are you were wont to bear affection to my pen. “ Ve the worthiest, weareth in his crown ; “ Si potentia rum, ut aliud ex alio,” if it came handsomely to reducatur in actum.” I know well, that for me pass, I would be glad the president De Thou, who to beat my brains about these things, they be hath written a history, as you know, of that fame majora quam pro fortuna ;” but yet they be and diligence, saw it; chiefly because I know not

" minora quam pro studio ac voluntate." For as I whether it may not serve him for some use in his do yet bear an extreme zeal to the memory of my story ; wherein I would be glad he did write to the old mistress queen Elizabeth, to whom I was rather truth, and to the memory of that lady, as I perceive bound for her trust than her favour; so I must acby that he hath already written he is well inclined knowledge myself more bound to your Majesty both to do. I would be glad also, it were some occasion, for trust and favour; whereof I will never deceive such as absence may permit, of some acquaintance the one, as I can never deserve the other. And so or mutual notice between us. For though he hath in all humbleness kissing your Majesty's sacred many ways the precedence, chiefly in worth, yet hand, I remain. this is common to us both, that we serve our sovereigns in places of law eminent ; and not ourselves only, but that our fathers did so before us. And lastly, that both of us love learning and liberal sci-| XCVI. TO THE BISHOP OF ELY, UPON SENDences, which was ever a bond of friendship in the ING HIS WRITING ENTITLED,“ COGITATA greatest distance of places. But of this I make no

ET VISA.”+ farther request, than your own occasions and re

MY VERY GOOD LORD, spects, to me unknown, may farther or limit; my principal purpose being to salute you, and to send Now your lordship hath been so long in the you this token : whereunto I will add my very kind church and the palace, disputing between kings and commendations to my lady; and so commit you popes: I methinks you should take pleasure to look both to God's holy protection.

into the field, and refresh your mind with some mat* Rawley's Resuscitatio.

+ Ibid. sovereign princes against the positions of the cardinals BelThe king and kingdom being exasperated by the gun- larmine and Baronius : the French edition whereof he dedipowder-treason, thought it necessary to make some more ef- cated to Lewis the thirteenth, and the Latin to king James. lectual laws to distinguish between those papists that paid due This last performance was presented to king James, with a obedience to the king, and those that did not. For which end, letter exhorting him, “ de quitter d’oresenavaut la plume, in the parliament which met upon the memorable fifth of pour aller espée à la main desnicher l'antichrist hors de sa November, 1605, a new oath of allegiance was framed; de- forteresse :” to give over waging a war with his pen, and claring that the pope, &c. had no power to depose kings, to destroy the papal power with his sword; which he exabsolve their subjects, or dispose of their kingdonis, &c. The cites the king to attempt in the conclusion of his dedication, court of Rome, jealous of losing an authority they had been with so much life, that I shall crave the liberty to insert part many years assuming; and especially perceiving that many of his own words, in order to declare the spirit and zeal of a papists submitted to the oath, as not intrenehing upon matters gentleman, who for his valour and conduct in war, his judg. of faith, severely inhibited them from taking the same hy two ment in council, his dexterity in despatches, and his firmness briefs, the one quickly succeeding the other. The king, on and constancy in religion, in the defence of which, hand, and the other hand, esteeming it a point that nearly concerned tongue, and pen, were employed, is far above all the titles of him, bad recourse to those arms he could best manage, and honour that can be given. encountered the briefs by a premonition directed to all chris- Hanc tu, rex potentissime, laudem, hanc lauream, absit tian princes; exhorting them to espouse the common quarrel. ut tibi præripi patiaris ; cuiquam alii servatam velis; non sanCardinal Bellarmine, who, by virtue of his title, thought him- guine, non vita, non carioribus cæteris redemptam malis. At self almost equal to princes, and by his great learning much tu, Jehova Deus, cujus res, cujus gloria, hic proprie agitur; superior, enters the lists with the king: The seconds coming cujus absque ope frustra sint vota, suspiria, molimina nostra; in on both sides, no man was thought fitter to engage this evigila, exsurge, robur indue, justitiam ut loricam.

Voca remarkable antagonist than that great and renowned prelate servum tuum per nomen suum, prehende dexteram Uncti tui, in learning and sanctity, Dr. Andrews, then bishop of Ely, ambula ante faciem ejus; complanentur valles, subsidant and after of Winchester. Neither were the reformed of the montes, consternantur fluvii, pateant januæ, conterantur vecFrench church idle spectators; as Monsieur du Moulin, and tes, contremiscant populi, corruat Jericho illa in spiritu oris Monsieur du Plessis Mornay: this last published a book at tui, in conspectu ejus. Ego sexagenario licet jain major, Saumur in 1611, entitled, “The Mystery of Iniquity,” &c. lateri tunc ipsius hæream indivulsus ; inter angusta, inter as. showing by what degrees the bishops of Rome had raised pera Alpium senectam exuam; inter principia prælium misthemselves to their present grandeur, asserting the right of ceam; inter triumphos præcinente angelo Cecidit illud conge.

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