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king to forerun his coming, be it never so speedy, , with my letter, I do not now begin to be, but conwith some gracious declaration for the cherishing, tinue to be entertaining, and preparing of men's affections.*
Your lordship's humble and much devoted For which purpose I have conceived a draught, it 1603.
FR. BACON. being a thing familiar in my mistress her times to have my pen used in public writings of satisfaction. The use of this may be in two sorts : first, properly, LXXII. TO MR. TOBIE MATTHEW, SIGNIFYING if your lordship think it convenient to show the
THE WISE PROCEEDINGS OF KING JAMES king any such draught, because the veins and pulses
AT HIS FIRST ENTRANCE INTO ENGLAND. || of this state cannot but be best known here ; which if your lordship should do, then I would desire you
SIR, to withdraw my name, and only signify, that you I was heartily glad to hear that you have passed gave some heads of direction of such a matter to so great a part of your journey | in so good health. one, of whose style and pen you had some opinion. My aim was right in my address of letters to those The other collateral; that though your lordship | persons in the court of Scotland, who are likeliest make no other use of it, yet it is a kind of portrait- to be used for the affairs of England; but the pace ure of that which I think worthy to be advised by they held was too swift, for the men were come your lordship to the king; and perhaps more com- away before my letters could reach them. With pendious and significant, than if I had set them the first I have renewed acquaintance, and it was down in articles. I would have attended your lord like a bill of revivor, by way of cross suits; for he ship but for some little physic I took. To-morrow was as ready to have begun with me. The second morning I will wait on you. So I ever, &c. 1603. did this day arrive, and took acquaintance with me
instantly in the council-chamber, and was willing to entertain me with farther demonstrations of confi
dence, than I was willing at that time to admit. LXXI. TO THE EARL OF SOUTHAMPTON,+ But I have had no serious speech with him, nor do UPON THE KING'S COMING IN.. I yet know whether any of the doubles of my letter
have been delivered to the king. It may perhaps IT MAY PLEASE YOUR LORDSHIP,
have proved your luck to be the first. I would have been very glad to have presented Things are here in good quiet. The king acts my humble service to your lordship by my attend excellently well; for he puts in clauses of reservaance, if I could have foreseen that it should not tion to every proviso. He saith, he would be sorry have been unpleasing unto you. And therefore, be- to have just cause to remove any. He saith, he cause I would be sure to commit no error, I chose will displace none who hath served the queen and to write; assuring your lordship, how little soever state sincerely, &c. The truth is, here be two exit may seem credible to you at first, yet it is as true tremes; some few would have no change, no not as a thing that God knoweth; that this great reformation ; some many would have much change, change hath wrought in me no other change to- even with perturbation. God, I hope, will direct wards your lordship than this, that I may safely be this wise king to hold a mean between reputation that to you now, which I was truly before. And enough and no terrors.** In my particnlar I have 80 craving no other pardon, than for troubling you many comforts and assurances; but in my own opi
* Instead of this declaration, Sir Francis Bacon tells us, dom in the year 1607. He continued roving from one country that " at this time there came forth in print the king's book and prince's court to another till 1617, when applying himself containing matter of instruction to the prince his son, touching with much earnestness to the earl of Buckingham, he obtained the office of a king; which falling into every man's hand, a permission to come into England, which he did in July that filled the whole realm as with a good perfume or incense before year, presenting himself in the first place to Sir Francis Bacon, the king's coming in; and far exceeded any formal or curious ihen lord keeper of the great seal. " But the king being afterediet or declaration, which could have been devised of that wards displeased with him, did, notwithstanding his moving Dature, wherewith princes in the beginning of their reigns do and pressing letters, command him again to depart in October, use to grace themselves, or at least express themselves gra- 1618. Yet in 1622, he was recalled to assist in the business cvus in the eyes of their people." P. 797.
of the Spanish match then in agitation, and knighted the year + Henry Wriothesley earl of Southampton having been in- following. He is represented as a man of very good parts rolved in the guilt of the unfortunate earl of Essex, was con- and literature, but of an active and restless temper. What demned for the same crimes; but that earl, who seemed care- opinion Sir Francis Bacon had of him when young, appears less of his own life, interceded for the life of his friend, as did before in his letter to Sir Thomas Chaloner; and what esSouthampton's own modest behaviour at his trial : from which teem he had for Sir Francis may be seen in the preface to his time he suffered imprisonment in the Tower till the 10th of collection of letters : at the beginning of which is printed bis April, 1603.
He was afterwards restored in blood, made character of the lady Carlisle, whom I have mentioned No. knight of the garter, and one of his Majesty's privy council. LXX. He died at Gaunt in Flanders in 1655. Stephens. Stephens
| Sir Tobie Matthew's Collection of Letters, p. 18. Rawley's Resuscitatio.
T Viz. Into Scotland to meet the king. See No. LXIV. Mr. Matthew was son to Dr. Toby Matthew, bishop of Dirham, afterwards archbishop of York; an eminent divine, ** Upon this occasion it may not be amiss to remember tonsidered either in the schools, the pulpit, or the episcopal | what cardinal d'Ossat writ from Rome to M. de Villeroy upon chair. He was born in Oxford in 1578, whilst his father was the accession of king James to the crown of England, part of dean of Christ's-Church; but was, to the great grief of his which I wish no prince would ever forget. parents, a few years after the king's accession, reconciled to “ C'est l'ordinaire des hoinmes de regarder plus au soleil the church of Rome, through the means, as is said, of Parsons orient qu'à l'occident, & des Princes bien avisez qui sont apthe Jesuit; and became so industrious an agent for her, that pellez à un nouvel estat, d'y entrer doucement, sans irriter ni his refusal ot the oath of allegiance established by act of par- inécontenter personne ni dedans ni dehors. Si ce Prince conliament, together with some imprudent carriage, gave the tinüc guidé par la vertu & accompagné de bonheur, comme king such offence, that he was in a manner exiled the king. | jusqnes icy, il sera très-grand, & fera bon l'avoir pour amy; nion the chief is, that the canvassing world is gone, and the deserving world is come. And withal I
LXXIV. A LETTER TO MR. MURRAY,+ OF find myself as one awaked out of sleep; which I
THE KING'S BED-CHAMBER. have not been this long time, nor could, I think, have been now without such a great noise as this,
MR. MURRAY, which yet is in aura leni. I have written this to you in haste, my end being no more than to write, It is very true, that his Majesty, most graciously and thereby to make you know that I will ever con- at my humble request, knighted the last Sunday my tinue the same, and still be sure to wish you as
brother-in-law, a towardly young gentleman ;s for heartily well as to myself. 1603.
which favour I think myself more bound to his Majesty, than for the benefit of ten knights: and to tell you truly, my meaning was not, that the suit of this other gentleman, Mr. Temple, should have been moved in my name.
For I should have been unLXXIII. TO THE EARL OF NORTHUMBER- willing to have moved his Majesty for more than LAND.
one at once, though many times in his Majesty's
courts of justice, if we move once for our friends, we IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP,
are allowed to move again for our fee. I would not have lost this journey, and yet I
But indeed my purpose was, that you might have have not that I went for ; for I have had no private been pleased to have moved it as for myself
. conference to purpose with the king ; no more hath
Nevertheless, since it is so far gone, and that the almost any other English: for the speech his Ma- gentleman's friends are in some expectation of sucjesty admitteth with some noblemen, is rather mat
cess, I leave it to your kind regard what is farther ter of grace, than matter of business. With the to be done, as willing to give satisfaction to those attorney he spake, urged by the treasurer of Scotland, which have put me in trust, and loth on the other
And so with my but no more than needs must. After I had received
side to press above good manners. his Majesty's first welcome, and was promised private loving commendation I remain access; yet not knowing what matter of service your 1603.
Yours, &c. lordship’s letter carried, for I saw it not, and well knowing that primeness in advertisement is much ; I chose rather to deliver it to Sir Thomas Erskine, than to cool it in my own hands, upon expectation
LXXV. TO MR. PIERCE, SECRETARY TO of access. Your lordship shall find a prince the
THE LORD DEPUTY OF IRELAND.|| farthest from vain glory that may be ; and rather like a prince of the ancient form, than of the latter time. His speech is swift and cursory, and in the
MR. PIERCE, full dialect of his country; and in speech of business, I am glad to hear of you, as I do; and for my short; in speech of discourse, large. He affecteth part, you shall find me ready to take any occasion to popularity by gracing such as he hath heard to be further your credit and preferment. And I dare aspopular, and not by any fashions of his own : he is sure you, though I am no undertaker, to prepare thought somewhat general in his favours ; and his your way with my lord of Salisbury, for any good virtue of access is rather, because he is much abroad fortune which may befall you. You teach me to and in press, than that he giveth easy audience. complain of business, whereby I write the more He hasteneth to a mixture of both kingdoms and briefly; and yet I am so unjust, as that which I aloccasions, faster perhaps than policy will well bear. lege for mine own excuse, I cannot admit for yours: I told your lordship once before, that, methought, for I must, by expecting, exact your letters, with his Majesty rather asked counsel of the time past, this fruit of your sufficiency, as to understand how than of the time to come : but it is yet early to things pass in that kingdom. And therefore havground any settled opinion. For the particulars, I ing begun, I pray you continue. This is not merely refer to conference, having in these generals gone curiosity, for I have ever, I know not by what infarther in so tender an argument than I would have stinct, wished well to that impolished part of this done, were not the bearer hereof so assured. So I
And so, with my very loving commendacontinue, &c. 1603.
tions, I remain.
& nous, qui depuis quelques années en ça n'avions eu l'æil To this Sir John Constable,'Sir Francis Bacon dedicated quasi qu'en un lieu, faudra que l'ayons cy-après en deux; the second edition of his “ Essays;” published at London in comme faudra bien aussi que fassent encore d'autres. Et en 1613, in octavo. fin de compte, Celui de tous qui regnera le mieur & le plus § Probably Mr. William Temple, who had been educated in justement à l'honneur gloire de Dieu, & au soulagement, King's College, Cambridge, then master of the free-school at profit & felicité de ses sujets ; sera le plus asseuré, le plus Lincoln, next successively secretary to Sir Philip Sidney, fort, & le plus aimé, loué & beni de Dieu & des hommes; en secretary Davison, and the earl of Essex, made provost of
quoy consiste la vraye es perdurable grandeur & puissance Dublin College in 1609, and at last knighted, and appointed des Roys, & l'asseurance de leur posterité.” Stephens. one of the masters in chancery in Ireland. He died about • Rawley's Resuscitatio.
1626, at the age of 72. † John Murray, Esq.
|| Rawley's Resuscitatio.
more unfit by the pre-occupation of my mind. ThereLXXVI. TO THE EARL OF NORTHAMPTON,* fore calling myself home, I have now for a time enDESIRING HIM TO PRESENT “THE AD. joyed myself, whereof likewise I desire to make the VANCEMENT OF LEARNING” TO THE
world partaker. My labours, if I may so term that KING. +
which was the comfort of my other labours, I have
dedicated to the king; desirous, if there be any good IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP,
in them, it may be as the fat of a sacrifice, incensed
to his honour: and the second copy I have sent unto Having finished a work touching the advance you, not only in good affection, but in a kind of conment of learning, and dedicated the same to his sa- gruity, in regard of your great and rare desert of cred Majesty, whom I dare avouch, if the records learning. For books are the shrines where the of time err not, to be the learnedest king that hath saint is, or is believed to be: and you having built reigned; I was desirous, in a kind of congruity, to an ark to save learning from deluge, deserve propresent it by the learnedest counsellor in this king- priety in any new instrument or engine, whereby dom; to the end that so good an argument, lighting learning should be improved or advanced. upon so bad an author, might receive some reputa- 1605. tion by the hands into which, and by which, it shall be delivered. And therefore, I make it my humble suit to your lordship, to present this mean but well meant writing to his Majesty, and with it my hum
LXXVIII. ble and zealous duty; and also my like humble re
TO THE EARL OF SALISBURY,
UPON SENDING "THE ADVANCEMENT OF quest of pardon, if I have too often taken his name
LEARNING.” | in vain, not only in the dedication, but in the Foucher of the authority of his speeches and writ
IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP, ings. And so I remain. 1605.
I PRESENT your lordship with a work of my vacant time, which if it had been more, the work had been better. It appertaineth to your lordship,
besides my particular respects, in some propriety, in LXXVII. TO SIR THOMAS BODLEY, I UPON regard you are a great governor in a province of SENDING HIS BOOK OF “ ADVANCEMENT
learning. OF LEARNING.” §
And, that which is more, you have added to your
place affection towards learning; and to your affecSIR,
tion judgment: of which the last I could be content
were, for the time, less, that you might the less exI THINK no man may more truly say with the quisitely censure that which I offer unto you. But psalm, “ Multum incola fuit anima mea,” than my- sure I am, the argument is good, if it had lighted self; for, I do confess, since I was of any under- upon a good author. But I shall content myself to standing, my mind hath in effect been absent from awake better spirits, like a bell-ringer, which is first that I have done; and in absence are many errors, up to call others to church. So with my humble which I do willingly acknowledge; and, amongst desire of your lordship's good acceptation, I the rest, this great one that led the rest; that know- remain. ing myself by inward calling to be fitter to hold a
1605. book, than to play a part, I have led my life in civil causes; for which I was not very fit by nature, and
The earl of Northampton was the second son, and bore Gloucester; or was rather the founder of a new one, which the name of that accomplished gentleman, Henry Howard, now bears his name, and which hath placed him among the earl of Surrey, son and heir to the duke of Norfolk, who suffer- chief benefactors to that university, and to the commonwealth si under the severity of king Henry VIII's latter days; the of learning. He died in the entrance of the year 1613. one by death, the other by imprisonment. During great part Stephens. of the reign of queen Elizabeth, while his family lay under Rawley's Resuscitatio. the clad, be applied himself to learning; and to what a de- Sir Robert Cecil, created by king James lord Cecil, visgree be arrived, appears by a book he published in 1583, count Cranburne, and earl Salisbury, was not only son to one against the poison of supposed prophecies, dedicated to Sir of the greatest statesmen of his age, the lord Burleigh, but Francis Walsingham; and from the eulogy that was gener- succeeded him in his places and abilities, and was one of ally given him, that he was the most learned among the noble, the great supports of the queen's declining years. Yet the and the most noble among the learned. But in the king's | ill offices he was thought to perform towards the noble and reign his advancement was speedy both in honours and riches. popular earl of Essex, together with his conduct in some parThe services he performed as a commissioner in making the ticulars in her successor's reign, abated the lustre of his chapeace between England and Spain, gave birth to a saying in racter, which otherwise from his parts and prudence would those times, but with what truth I know not, that his house in have appeared very conspicuous. After he had been long the Strand, now called Northumberland house, was built by secretary of state, some years lord treasurer and chancellor of Spanish gold. He died in 1614, leaving behind him the me- the university of Cambridge, he died in May 1612, at Marlmory of some real good works, and of some supposed ill ones; borough, in his returo from the Bath; as by a diary of his being suspected of concealing his religion for many years, and sickness and the account given by Sir Robert Naunton, one of being priry to the untimely death of Sir Thomas Vverbury. of his retinue, appears; which I should not mention, but that -Stephens.
his enemies in their libels, which flew freely about, have sug. + Kawley's Resuscitatio.
gested that he died on the Downs; which, if true, could be Sir Thomas Bodley restored the public library at Oxford, esteemed at most but his misfortune.-Stephens. begun in the times of king Henry VI. by Humphrey, duke of 4 Rawley's Resuscitatio.
LXXXI. TO MR. MATTHEW.
LXXIX. TO THE LORD TREASURER BUCK
HURST,* ON THE SAME SUBJECT.+
IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP,
I PERCEIVe you have some time when you can be I have finished a work touching the advancement content to think of your friends; from whom since or setting forward of learning, which I have dedi. you have borrowed yourself, you do well, not paycated to his Majesty, the most learned of a sovereigning the principal, to send the interest at six months or temporal prince that time hath known : and day. The relation which here I send you enclosed, upon reason not unlike I humbly present one of the carries the truth of that which is public: and though books to your lordship; not only as a chancellor of my little leisure might have required a briefer, yet an university, but as one that was excellently bred the matter would have endured and asked a larger. in all learning; which I have ever noted to shine in I have now at last taught that child to go, at the all your speeches and behaviours : and therefore swaddling whereof you were. My work touching your lordship will yield a gracious aspect to your the proficiency and advancement of learning, I have first love, and take pleasure in the adorning of that put into two books; whereof the former which you wherewith yourself are so much adorned. And so saw, I can't but account as a page to the latter. I humbly desiring your favourable acceptation thereof, have now published them both; whereof I thought with signification of humble duty, I remain. 1605. | it a small adventure to send you a copy, who have
more right to it than any man, except bishop Andrews, who was my inquisitor.
The death of the late great judge concerned not LXXX. TO TIE LORD CHANCELLOR, SIR T. me, because the other was not removed. I write
EGERTON, LORD ELLESMERE, ON THE this in answer to your good wishes; which I return SAME SUBJECT.
not as flowers || of Florence, but as you mean them;
whom I conceive place can't alter, no more than MAY IT PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP,
time shall me, except it be for the better. 1605. I HUMBLY present your lordship with a work, wherein as you have much commandment over the author, so your lordship hath great interest in the argument; for, to speak without flattery, few have LXXXII. TO DR. PLAYFERE, DESIRING HIM like use of learning, or like judgment in learning,
TO TRANSLATE “ THE ADVANCEMENT” IN as I have observed in your lordship. And again,
LATIN.** your lordship hath been a great planter of learning,
MR. DR. PLAYFERE, not only in those places in the church, which have been in your own gift, but also in your commenda- A GREAT desire will take a small occasion to hope tory vote, no man hath more constantly held “ De. and put in trial that which is desired. It pleased tur digniori :” and therefore, both your lordship is you a good while since to express unto me the good beholding to learning, and learning beholding to liking which you conceived of my book of the adyou: which maketh me presume with good assur- vancement of learning; and that more significantly, ance that your lordship will accept well of these my as it seemed to me, than out of courtesy or civil labours; the rather because your lordship in private respect. Myself, as I then took contentment in your speech hath often begun to me in expressing your approbation thereof, so I should esteem and acknowadmiration of his Majesty's learning, to whom I ledge not only my contentment increased, but my have dedicated this work; and whose virtue and labours advanced, if I might obtain your help in that perfection in that kind did chiefly move me to a nature which I desire: wherein, before I set down work of this nature ; and so with signification of in plain terms my request unto you, I will open my most humble duty and affection to your lordship, myself, what it was which I chiefly sought and I remain. 1605.
propounded to myself in that work; that you may perceive that which I now desire, to be pursuant
* I shall draw this noble lord's character from Sir Robert happy vein in poetry, to which he was addicted in his youth; Naunton's observations of the favourites of queen Elizabeth ; and for his elocution, and the excellencies of his pen ; faculand much in his own words: “ My lord of Buckhurst was of ties that ran in the blood, as Sir Robert Naunton obserres in the noble house of the Sackvilles, and of the queen's consan- his son Robert, and his grandsons Richard and Edward, sucguinity. He was a very fine gentleman of person and endow- cessive earls of Dorset; and the last age had the satisfaction ments both of art and nature, but without measure magnificent, to see continued in the person of the right honourable Charles till on the turn of his humour, and the allay that his years, earl of Dorset and Middlesex. Stephens. and good counsels of the queen, &c. had wrought upon those † Rawley's Resuscitatio. immoderate courses of his youth, and that height of spirit in- Ibid. herent to his house; she began to assist him in the reparation Sir Tobie Matthew's “ Collection of Letters," p. 11. of that vast patrimony he had much wasted. After the honour Mr. Matthew wrote an elegy on the duke of Florence's she had given him of lord Buckhurst, and knight of the garter, felicity. she procured hiin to be chosen chancellor of the university Thomas Playfere, D.D. a native of Kent, educated in of Oxford, upon the death of Sir Christopher Hatton, and con- St. John's college in Cambridge, and appointed Margaret stituted him lord treasurer on the death of the lord Burleigh, | professor of divinity in that university about 1596, in the room which office he enjoyed till April, 1608, dying then suddenly of Dr. Peter Baro. He died there about January or Febru. at the council table; the king having some years before created him carl of Dorset. He is also much commended for his ** Rawley's Resuscitatio.
thereupon. If I do not much err, for any judgment
TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR, spoken with a “ Si nunquam fallat imago," * I have TOUCHING THE HISTORY OF BRITAIN.t this opinion, that if I had sought mine own com
IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP, mendation, it had been a much fitter course for me to have done as gardeners used to do, by taking Some late act of his Majesty, referred to some their seed and slips, and rearing them first into former speech which I have heard from your lordplants, and so uttering them in pots, when they are ship, bred in me a great desire, and the strength of in flower, and in their best state. But forasmuch desire a boldness to make an humble proposition as my end was merit of the state of learning, to my to your lordship, such as in me can be no better power, and not glory; and because my purpose was than a wish ; # but if your lordship should apprehend rather to excite other men's wits, than to magnify it, it may take some good and worthy effect. The mine own, I was desirous to prevent the uncertain- act I speak of, is the order given by his Majesty ness of mine own life and times, by uttering rather for the erection of a tomb or monument for our late seeds than plants: nay, and farther, as the proverb sovereign queen Elizabeth : $ wherein I may note is, by sowing with the basket, rather than with the much, but only this at this time, that as her Majesty hand: wherefore, since I have only taken upon me did always right to his Majesty's hopes, so his highto ring a bell to call other wits together, which is ness doth in all things right to her memory; a very the meanest office, it cannot but be consonant to my just and princely retribution. But from this occadesire, to have that bell heard as far as can be. sion, by a very easy ascent, I passed farther, being And since they are but sparks which can work but put in mind, by this representative of her person, of upon matter prepared, I have the more reason to the more true and more vive representation, which wish that those sparks may fly abroad, that they is of her life and government: for as statues and may the better find and light upon those minds and pictures are dumb histories, so histories are speakspirits which are apt to be kindled. And therefore ing pictures; wherein if my affection be not too the privateness of the language considered, wherein great, or my reading too small, I am of this opinion, it is written, excluding so many readers ; as, on the that if Plutarch were alive to write lives by parallels, other side, the obscurity of the argument in many it would trouble him both for virtue and fortune, to parts of it excludeth many others; I must account find for her a parallel amongst women. And though it a second birth of that work, if it might be trans- she was of the passive sex, yet her government was lated into Latin, without manifest loss of the sense so active, as, in my simple opinion, it made more and matter. For this purpose I could not represent impression upon the several states of Europe, than to myself any man into whose hands I do more earn- it received from thence. But I confess unto your estly desire that work should fall than yourself ; for lordship I could not stay here, but went a little farby that I have heard and read, I know no man a
ther into the consideration of the times which have greater master in commanding words to serve matter. passed since king Henry VIII. ; wherein I find the Nevertheless, I am not ignorant of the worth of strangest variety, that in so little number of succesyour labours, whether such as your place and pro- sions, of any hereditary monarchy hath ever been fession imposeth, or such as your own virtue may, known. The reign of a child ; the offer of an usurpopon your voluntary election, take in hand. But Iation, though it was but as a diary ague; the reign can lay before you no other persuasions than either of a lady married to a foreigner ; and the reign of a the work itself may affect you with; or the honour lady solitary and unmarried; so that as it cometh to of his Majesty, to whom it is dedicated; or your par- pass in massy bodies, that they have certain trepiticular inclination to myself; who as I never took dations and wavering before they fix and settle ; 80 so much comfort in any labours of mine own, so I it seemeth that by the providence of God this shall never acknowledge myself more obliged in any monarchy, before it was to settle in his Majesty, thing to the labours of another, than in that which and his generations, in which I hope it is now shall assist it. Which your la if I can by my established for ever, hath had these prelusive changes place, profession, means, friends, travel, work, deed, in these barren princes. Neither could I contain requite unto you, I shall esteem myself so straitly myself here, as it is easier for a man to multiply bound thereunto, as I shall be ever most ready both than to stay a wish, but calling to remembrance the to take and seek occasion of thankfulness. So leav- unworthiness of the history of England,|| in the main ing it nevertheless, salva amicitia, as reason is, to continuance thereof; and the partiality and obliyour good liking, I remain.
quity of that of Scotland, in the latest and largest * Vir. Ecl. ii. 27.
† Rawley's Resuscitatio. accidents both in church and state, and since so well disThought. Matthew's Collection of Letters.
covered to the view of the world, that had other parts the The monument here spoken of was erected in king Henry same performance, we should not longer lie under any reVil's chapel at Westminster, in the year 1606.
proach of this kind. The reign of king Henry VII.'was | The unworthiness of the history of England hath been written by our author soon after his retirement, with so great long complained of by ingenious men, both of this and other beauty of style, and wisdom of observation, that nothing can nations. Sir Francis Bacon hath expressed himself much to be more entertaining; the truth of history not being disguised the same effect, though more at large, in his second book of with the false colours of romance. It was so acceptable a The Advancement of Learning, (p. 30,) where he carries present to the P. of Wales, that when he became king, he comthis period of remarkable events somewhat higher than in manded him to proceed with the reign of king Henry VIII. this letter, beginning with the union of the roses under Henry But my lord Bacon meditating the history of nature, which VII. and ending with the union of the kingdoms under king he hardly lived to publish ; his ill state of health, and succeed. James. A portion of time filled with so great and variable | ing death, put an end to this and other noble desigus;