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commissioner of the union, until the time that I was favour, even the prime officer of your kingdom ; this last parliament chosen by both houses for their your Majesty's arm hath been often laid over mine messenger to your Majesty in the petition of reli- in council, when you presided at the table ; so near gion, (which two were my first and last services,) I | I was. I have borne your Majesty's image in was evermore so happy as to have my poor services metal, much more in heart; I was never in nineteen graciously accepted by your Majesty, and likewise year's service chidden by your Majesty, but contrarinot to have had any of them miscarry in my hands. wise often overjoyed, when your Majesty would Neither of which points I can any ways take to sometimes say, I was a good husband for you, myself, but ascribe the former to your Majesty's though none for myself: sometimes, that I had a goodness, and the latter to your prudent directions ; way to deal in business suavibus modis, which was which I was ever careful to have and keep. For, the way which was most according to your own as I have often said to your Majesty, I was towards heart: and other most gracious speeches of affecyou but as a bucket and a cistern, to draw forth and tion and trust, which I feed on to this day. But conserve ; whereas yourself was the fountain. Un- why should I speak of these things which are now to this comfort of nineteen years' prosperity, there vanished, but only the better to express the downfal? succeeded a comfort even in my greatest adversity, For now it is thus with me: I am a year and a somewhat of the same nature ; which is, that in half * old in misery : though I must ever acknowthose offences wherewith I was charged, there was ledge, not without some mixture of your Majesty's not any one that had special relation to your Ma- grace and mercy; for I do not think it possible, that jesty, or any your particular commandments. For any one whom you once loved should be totally as towards Almighty God there are offences against miserable. Mine own means, through my own the first and second table, and yet all against God; improvidence, are poor and weak, little better than so with the servants of kings there are offences my father left me. The poor things that I have more immediate against the sovereign ; although had from your Majesty, are either in question or at all offences against law are also against the king, courtesy. My dignities remain marks of your past Unto which comfort there is added this circumstance, favour, but burdens of my present fortune. The that as my faults were not against your Majesty, poor remnants which I had of my former fortunes, otherwise than as all faults are ; so my fall was not in plate or jewels, I have spread upon poor men unto Four Majesty's act, otherwise than as all acts of whom I owed, scarce leaving myself a convenient justice are yours. This I write not to insinuate subsistence. So as, to conclude, I must pour ont with your Majesty, but as a most humble appeal to my misery before your Majesty, so far as to say, Si your Majesty's gracious remembrance, how honest deseris tu, perimus. and direct you have ever found me in your service ; But as I can offer to your Majesty's compassion whereby I have an assured belief, that there is in little arising from myself to move you, except it be your Majesty's own princely thoughts a great deal my extreme misery, which I have truly laid open; of serenity and clearness towards me your Majesty's so looking up to your Majesty's own self, I should now prostrate and cast down servant.

think I committed Cain's fault, if I should despair. Neither (my most gracious sovereign) do I, by Your Majesty is a king whose heart is as unscruta. this mention of my services, lay claim to your ble for secret motions of goodness, as for depth of princely grace and bounty, though the privilege of wisdom. You are creator-like, factive and not decalamity doth bear that form of petition. I know structive. You are the prince in whom hath been well, had they been much more, they had been but ever noted an aversation against any thing that my bounden duty. Nay, I must also confess, that savoured of a hard heart; as, on the other side, they were from time to time, far above my merit, your princely eye was wont to meet with any moover and super-rewarded by your Majesty's benefits tion that was made on the relieving part. Therewhich you heaped upon me. Your Majesty was fore as one that hath had the happiness to know and is that master to me, that raised and advanced your Majesty's near hand, I have (most gracious me nine times ; thrice in dignity, and six times in sovereign) faith enough for a miracle, and much office. The places indeed were the painfullest of more for a grace, that your Majesty will not suffer all your services; but then they had both honour your poor creature to be utterly defaced, nor blot and profits. And the then profits might have main that name quite out of your book, upon which your tained my now honour, if I had been wise. Neither sacred hand hath been so oft for the giving him was your Majesty's immediate liberality wanting new ornaments and additions. towards me in some gifts, if I may hold them. All Unto this degree of compassion, I hope God this I do most thankfully acknowledge, and do here- above (of whose mercy towards me, both in my proswith conclude, that for any thing arising from myself perity and adversity, I have had great testimonies to move your eye of pity towards me, there is much and pledges, though my own manifold and wretched more in my present misery, than in my past services; unthankfulness might have averted them) will dissave that the same your Majesty's goodness, that inay pose your princely heart, already prepared to all give relief to the one, may give value to the other. piety. And why should I not think, but that that

And indeed, if it may please your Majesty, this thrice noble prince, who would have pulled me out theme of my misery is so plentiful, as it need not be of the fire of a sentence, will help to pull me (if I coupled with any thing else. I have been some- may use that homely phrase) out of the mire of an body by your Majesty's singular and undeserved * Therefore this was wrote near the middle of 1622.

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abject and sordid condition in my last days: and some passages at large, concerning the lord you that excellent favourite of yours ( the goodness of know of. You touched also that point in a letter whose nature contendeth with the greatness of his which you wrote upon my lord's going over ; which fortune ; and who counteth it a prize, a second prize, I answered, and am a little doubtful, whether mine to be a good friend, after that prize which he car- ever came to your hands. It is true, that I wrote a rieth to be a good servant) will kiss your hands little sullenly therein, how I conceived that my lord with joy for any work of piety you shall do for me.* a wise man in his own way, and perhaps And as all commiserable persons, especially such as thought it fit for him to be out with me ; for at least find their hearts void of all malice, are apt to think I found no cause thereof in myself. As for the that all men pity them, so I assure myself that the latter of these points, I am of the same judgment lords of your council, who out of their wisdom and still ; but for the former, I perceive by what you nobleness cannot but be sensible of human events, write, that it is merely some misunderstanding of his: will in this way which I go, for the relief of my and I do a little marvel at the instance, which had estate, further and advance your Majesty's goodness relation to that other crabbed man; for I conceived towards me. For there is, as I conceive, a kind of that both in passing that book, and (as I remember) fraternity between great men that are, and those that two more, immediately after my lord's going over, I have been, being but the several tenses of one verb; had showed more readiness than many times I use nay, I do farther presume, that both houses of par- in like cases. But, to conclude, no man hath liament will love their justice the better, if it end thought better of my lord than I have done. I know not in my ruin; for I have been often told, by many his virtues, and namely, that he hath much greatof my lords, as it were in the way of excusing the ness of mind, which is a thing almost lost amongst severity of the sentence, that they knew they left men: nor can any body be more sensible and reme in good hands. And your Majesty knoweth membering than I am of his former favours; so that well, I have been all my life long acceptable to I shall be most glad of his friendship. Neither are those assemblies, not by flattery, but by moderation, the past occasions in my opinion such, as need either and by honest expressing of a desire to have all reparation or declaration ; but may well go under things go fairly and well.

the title of nothing. Now I had rather you dealt But if it may please your Majesty, (for saints I | between us than any body else, because you are no shall give them reverence, but no adoration, my way drenched in any man's humour. Of other things address is to your Majesty, the fountain of good at another time; but this I was forward to write ness,) your Majesty shall by the grace of God, not in the midst of more business than ever I had. feel that in gift, which I shall extremely feel in help; for my desires are moderate, and my courses measured to a life orderly and reserved, hoping still to do your Majesty honour in my way. Only I most CCLXXVIII. TO THE LORD DIGBY, ON HIS humbly beseech your Majesty to give me leave to con

GOING TO SPAIN.Ş clude with those words which necessity speaketh : Help me (dear sovereign lord and master) and pity me

MY VERY GOOD LORD, so far, as that I, that have borne a bag, be not now in I now only send my best wishes to follow you at my age forced in effect to bear a wallet; nor that sea and land, with due thanks for your late great I, that desire to live to study, may not be driven to favours. God knows whether the length of your study to live.t I most humbly crave pardon of a voyage will not exceed the size of my hour-glass : long letter, after a long silence. God of heaven but whilst I live, my affection to do your lordship ever bless, preserve, and prosper your Majesty. service shall remain quick under the ashes of my

Your Majesty's poor ancient servant and fortune.





In this solitude of friends, which is the base court

of adversity, where nobody almost will be seen I have received your letter, wherein you mention stirring, I have often remembered this Spanish say* Vouchsafe to express towards me. Matth.

indignation, that which is reported of the famous chancellor of † Although the subject matter of this and some other letters England, Francis Bacon, whoin the king suffered to languish of the like nature hath given me occasion to make some re- in poverty, whilst he preferred worthless persons, to his dismarks thereon already; yet I cannot omit taking notice, in honour. A little before his death this learned man writ to that this place, of what the learned Monsieur Le Clerc hath ob- prince a bemoaning letter;" and then cites this moving concluserved in the twelfth chapter of his Reflections upon Good and sion out of Howell's letters; which though that author thought Bad Fortune. Where, in his discourse of liberality, and the it argued a little abjection of spirit in my lord Bacon; yet obligations that are upon princes, &c. to extend their bounty Monsieur Le Clerc thinks it showed a much lower in the king, to learned men, in respect of the benefit the world receives to permit so able a man to lie under the necessity of making from them; he expresses his sense of the honour which was so sad a request, and yet withal to afford no relief. --Stephens. due to the memory of those who assisted Erasmus and Grotius, Sir Tobie Matthew's Second Collection of Letters, p. 31. and his resentment of the neglect of king James, for deserting Stephens's Second Collection, p. 155. the lord Bacon: “ One cannot read," saith he, without Sir Tobie Matthew's Collection of Letters, p. 51.

ing, Amor sin fin, no tiene fin.* This bids me make | house, I humbly pray you think better of it.

For choice of your friend and mine, for his noble suc- that motion to me was a second sentence more cours ; not now towards the aspiring, but only the grievous than the first, as things then stood, and do respiring of my fortunes. I, who am a man of yet stand: for it sentenced me to have lost both in books, have observed, that he hath both the mag- my own opinion, and much more in the opinion of nanimity of the old Romans, and the cordiality of others, that which was saved to me, almost only, in the old English ; and withal, I believe, he hath the the former sentence; and which was more dear to wit of both : sure I am, that for myself I have me than all that which was taken from me, which found him in both my fortunes, to esteem me so is your lordship's love and favour. For had it not much above my just value, and to love me so much been for that bitter circumstance, your lordship above the possibility of deserving, or obliging on knows, that you might have commanded my life, my part, as if he were a friend created and reserved and all that is mine. But surely it could not be for such a time as this. You know what I have to that, nor any thing in me, which wrought the say to the great lord, and I conceive it cannot pass change. It is likely on the other part, that though so fitly to him by the mouth of any, as of this gen- your lordship in your nature I know to be generous tleman ; and therefore do your best (which I know and constant, yet I being now become out of sight, and will be of power enough) to engage him both in the out of use, your lordship having a flood of new friends, substance and to the secrecy of it: for I can think and your ears possessed perhaps by such as would of no man but yourself, to be used by me in this, not leave room for an old; your lordship may, even who are so private, so faithful, and so discreet a | by course of the world, and the overbearing of others, friend to us both; as on the other side, I dare swear be turned from me; and it were almost a miracle if he is, and know myself to be as true to you as your it should be otherwise. But yet, because your lordown heart.

ship may still have so heroical a spirit, as to stand ont in all these violent assaults, which might have alienated you from your friend ; my humble suit to

your lordship is, that remembering our former friendCCLXXX. AN EXPOSTULATION TO THE

ship, which began with your beginnings, and since MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.+

that time hath never failed on my part, your lordMY VERY GOOD LORD,

ship would deal clearly with me, and let me know

whether I continue in your favour or no; and whether Your lordship will pardon me, if, partly in the in those poor requests, which I may yet make to his freedom of adversity, and partly of former friend. Majesty (whose true servant I ever was and am) for ship, (the sparks whereof cannot but continue,) I the tempering of my misery, I may presume to use open myself to your lordship, and desire also your your lordship’s favour and help as I have done; for lordship to open yourself to me. The two last acts otherwise it were a kind of stupiciness in me, and a which you did for me, in procuring the releasement great trouble also to your lordship, for me not to disof my fine, and my Quietus est, I acknowledge, were cern the change, for your lordship to have an imporeffects real and material of your love and favour; tuner, instead of a friend and a suitor. Though which, as to my knowledge, it never failed in my pros- howsoever, if your lordship should never think of me perity, so in these two things it seems not to have

more, yet in respect of your former favours, which turned with the wheel. But the extent of these two cannot altogether be made void, I must remain, &c. favours is not much more than to keep me from persecution. For any thing farther, which might tend to my comfort and assistance, as I cannot say to myself, that your lordship hath forsaken me ; so I see not the CCLXXXI. TO THE LORD ST. ALBAN.I effects of your undeserved, yea undesired professions and promises; which being made to a person in affliction, have the nature, after a sort, of vows.

I Hive despatched the business your lordship reBut that which most of all makes me doubt of a

commended to me, which I send your lordship here change or cooling in your lordship's affection to enclosed, signed by his Majesty, and have likewise wards me, is, that being twice now at London, your

moved him for your coming to kiss his hand, which lordship did not vouchsafe to see me, though by he is pleased you should do at Whitehall when he

In the mean time I rest messages you gave me hope thereof, and the latter returneth next thither. time I had begged it of your lordship.

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, The cause of change may either be in myself or

G. BUCKINGHAM. your lordship. I ought first to examine myself,

Newmarket, 13 Nov. 1622. which I have done ; and God is my witness, I find all well, and that I have approved myself to your

I will give order to my secretary to wait upon lordship a true friend, both in the watery, trial of Sir John Suckling about your other business. prosperity, and in the fiery trial of adversity. If Endorsed by the lord St. Alban's hand, your lordship take any insatisfaction touching the My lord of Bucks, touching my warrant and access.

Love without ends hath no end, was a saying of Gondo- + Sir Tobie Matthew's Collection of Letters, p. 48, and mar the Spanish ambassador; meaning thereby, that if it Stephens's Second Collection, p. 167. were begun not upon particular ends, it would last. Bacon's * Stephens's Second Collection, p. 174. Apophthegms, 67. Vol. I. p. 315.







EXCELLENT LORD, Thougu I have troubled your lordship with many How much I rejoice in your Grace's safe return, etters, oftener than I think I should, (save that you will easily believe, knowing how well I love you, affection keepeth no account,) yet upon the repair and how much I need you. There be many things of Mr. Matthew, a gentleman so much your lord in this journey both in the felicity and in the carship’s servant, and to me another myself, as your riage thereof, that I do not a little admire, and wish lordship best knoweth, you would not have thought your Grace may reap more and more fruits in conme a man alive, except I had put a letter into his tinuance answerable to the beginnings. Myself have hand, and withal, by so faithful and approved a man, ridden at anchor all your Grace's absence, and my commended my fortunes afresh unto your lordship. cables are now quite worn. I had from Sir Toby

My lord, to speak my heart to your lordship, I Matthew, out of Spain, a very comfortable message, never felt my misfortunes so much as now : not for that your Grace had said, I should be the first that that part which may concern myself, who profit (I you would remember in any great favour after your thank God for it) both in patience, and in settling return : and now coming from court, he telleth me mine own courses; but when I look abroad and see

he had commission from your lordship to confirm the times so stirring, and so much dissimulation it: for which I humbly kiss your hands. and falsehood, baseness and envy in the world, and My lord, do some good work upon me, that I 80 many idle clocks going in men's heads, then may end my days in comfort, which nevertheless it grieveth me much, that I am not sometimes at cannot be complete except you put me in some way your lordship’s elbow, that I might give you some to do your noble self service ; for I must ever rest of the fruits of the careful advice, modest liberty, Your Grace's most obliged and faithful servant, and true information of a friend that loveth your

FR. ST. ALBAN, lordship as I do. For though your lordship's fortunes

12 Oct. 1623. be above the thunder and storms of inferior regions; yet nevertheless, to hear the wind and not to feel it, I have written to his highness, and had presented will make one sleep the better.

my duty to his highness, to kiss his hands at YorkMy good lord, somewhat I have been, and much house, but that my health is scarce yet confirmed. I have read ; so that few things that concern states or greatness, are new cases unto me: and therefore I hope I may be no unprofitable servant to your lordship. I remember the king was wont to make CCLXXXIV. TO THE LORD ST. ALBAN.I a character of me, far above my worth, that I was not made for small matters ; and your lordship would sometimes bring me from his Majesty that The assurance of your love makes me easily beLatin sentence, De minimis non curat lex: and it lieve your joy at my return ; and if I may be so hath so fallen out, that since my retiring, times have happy, as by the credit of my place to supply the been fuller of great matters than before ; wherein decay of your cables, I shall account it one of the perhaps, if I had continued near his Majesty, he special fruits thereof. What Sir Toby Matthew might have found more use of my service, if my gift hath delivered on my behalf, I will be ready to lay that way: but that is but a vain imagination of make good, and omit no opportunity that may serve mine. True it is, that as I do not aspire to use my for the endeavours of talent in the king's great affairs ; yet for that which

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, may concern your lordship, and your fortune, no man

G. BUCKINGHAM. living shall give you a better account of faith, in

Royston, Octob. 14, 1623. dustry, and affection, than I shall. I must conclude with that which gave me occasion of this letter, which is Mr. Matthew's employment to your lordship in those parts, wherein I am verily persuaded

CCLXXXV. TO THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM.Ş your lordship shall find him a wise and able gentle

EXCELLENT LORD, man, and one that will bend his knowledge of the world (which is great) to serve his Majesty, and the I send your Grace for a parabien a book of mine, prince, and in especial your lordship. So I rest written first and dedicated to his Majesty in English, Your lordship’s most obliged and faithful servant

, his Majesty and his highness, your Grace is ever to

and now translated into Latin and enriched. After

FR. ST. ALBAN. | have the third turn with me. Vouchsafe of your Gray's-Inn, this 18th April, 1623.

wonted favour to present also the king's book to his Majesty. The prince's I have sent to Mr. Endimion Porter. I hope your Grace, because you are wont

to disable your Latin, will not send your book to Stephens's Second Collection, p. 175. † Ibid. p. 177.

Ibid. p. 178.

$ Ibid. p. 179.



the Conde d'Olivares, because he was a deacon; for I understand by one, that your Grace may guess CCLXXXVIII. TO THE DUKE OF BUCKINGwhom I mean, that the Conde is not rational, and I

HAM. I hold this book to be very rational. Your Grace will pardon me to be merry, however the world goeth

EXCELLENT LORD, with me. I ever rest

I send Mr. Parker to have ready, according to Your Grace's most faithful and obliged servant, the speech I had with your Grace, my two suits to

FR. ST. ALBAN. his Majesty, the one for a full pardon, that I may die

out of a cloud; the other for a translation of my Gray's-Inn, this 220 October, 1623.

honours after my decease. I hope his Majesty will I have added a begging postscript in the king's have compassion on me, as he promised me he would. letter; for, as I writ before, my cables are worn out, My heart telleth me that no man hath loved his my hope of tackling is by your lordship’s means. Majesty and his service more entirely, and love is For me and mine I pray command.

the law and the prophets. I ever rest

Your Grace's most obliged and faithful servant, 25 Nov. 1623.


MY LORD, I GIVE your lordship many thanks for the parabien you have sent me ; which is so welcome unto CCLXXXIX. TO THE LORD ST. ALBAN. me, both for the author's sake and for the worth of itself, that I cannot spare a work, of so much pains

MY HONOURABLE LORD, to your lordship and value to me, unto a man of so I have received your lordship's letter, and have little reason and less art; who if his skill in lan- been long thinking upon it, and the longer the less guages be no greater than I found it in argument, able to make answer unto it. Therefore if your may, perhaps, have as much need of an interpreter, lordship would be pleased to send any understanding for all his deaconry, as myself; and whatsoever man unto me, to whom I may in discourse open my. mine ignorance is in the tongue, yet this much I self, I will by that means so discover my heart with understand in the book, that it is a noble monument all freedom, which were too long to do by letter, of your love, which I will entail to my posterity, especially in this time of parliament business, that who I hope, will both reap the fruit of the work, your lordship shall receive satisfaction. In the mean and honour the memory of the author. The other time I rest book I delivered to his Majesty, who is tied here

Your lordship’s faithful servant, by the feet longer than he purposed to stay.

G. BUCKINGHAM. For the business your lordship wrote of in your other letters, I am sorry I can do you no service, Royston, 16 December. having engaged myself to Sir William Becher before my going into Spain, so that I cannot free myself, unless there were means to give him satisfaction. But I will ever continue

CCXC. TO THE LORD ST. ALBAN.|| Your lordship’s assured friend and faithful servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. I have moved his Majesty in your suit, and find Hinchenbrook, 27 Oct. 1623.

him very graciously inclined to grant it; but he desireth first to know from my lord treasurer his opinion and the value of it: to whom I have written

to that purpose this enclosed letter, and would wish CCLXXXVII. TO THE LORD ST. ALBAN. + your lordship to speak with him yourself for his faMY HONOURABLE LORD,

vour and fartherance therein ; and for my part I I have delivered your lordship's letter and your

will omit nothing that appertaineth to book to his Majesty, who hath promised to read it Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant, over: I wish I could promise as much for that

G. BUCKINGHAM. which you sent me, that my understanding of that

Newmarket, the 28th of Jan. 1623. language might make me capable of those good fruits, which, I assure myself by an implicit faith, proceed from your pen. But I will tell you in good English, with my thanks for your book, that I ever

CCXCI. TO THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM. rest Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,


I have received the warrant, not for land but for Hinchenbrook, 29 Oct. 1623.

the money, which if it may be speedily served, is Stephens's Second Collection, p. 180. + Ibid. p. 181. Ibid. p. 181. § Ibid. p. 184. || Ibid. p. 185. | Ibid.


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