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by violence; (poker shown), this, or an instrument like it, might have caused the straight wounds; the tongue of the poker might have caused the wound in the temple; the length of the tongue corresponds with the length of my finger except it is a little longer; the tongue of the poker might have been twisted around and thus enlarged the wound; see a spear of gray hair on this poker; the color of Mrs. Hill's hair was gray; this looks like blood on the poker.

Cross-examined. Have been engaged as physician to the Coroner six or seven years; almost daily engaged in post-mortems; am satisfied it is almost impossible to tell what kinds of instruments inflict some wounds; it is possible for an instrument like a poker to have inflicted the wounds; the penetrating and straight wounds might have been inflicted with a poker, and in a certain measure obscured by the fall; the shaft of the poker could have produced the straight wounds, and the tongue of the poker the penetrating wounds, or an instrument like it; have seen just such wounds from a cane, (cane with heavy leaden head, shown); the head of this cane would make a different wound from the stock of it, because it is shaped differently; if the wood of the cane had been scooped out and filled in with lead it would make some of the wounds; such an instrument would mash the skull in, but you could not account for the hole made in this head; perhaps sufficient velocity could be obtained out of a poker to make this wound; a canister shot tied in a sling would mash in the skull, but not make the hole in the brain; I could readily

put two fingers in this hole; could force four fingers in, because I could stretch the scalp; it is possible to push your finger into a wound as far as you choose after the skull is crushed in.

Sarah Campbell. Recollect the examination of the body of Mrs. Hill by Dr. Shapleigh; lived in her service ten or eleven weeks; Mrs. Hill, Mrs. and Mr. Twitchell and me constituted the family; recollect the Sunday of this occurrence; left the house before three o'clock, leaving no person that I know of in the house, only Mrs. Hill; Mr. and Mrs. Twitchell had gone out, some time after dinner and before I went out; we had dinner from 12 to 1 o'clock on Sundays; returned to the house between 9 and 10 o'clock; rung the bell; it was not answered at first; waited for an answer; I rung it several times and waited again for an answer; an answer was made some time after by Mr. Twitchell; he unlocked the front door and said, "is this you, Sarah?" I said, "yes, sir;" he said "do you think where mother can be?" I said "I didn't know, but we would see;" there was no gas burning in the entry; there is a burner there and is generally used, but put out early; he had no light when he came to the door; he had a short dark coat and pants on; did not observe whether he had boots on; don't know if he fastened the front door when I went in; he stopped behind me at the door; I went into the kitchen; he left it before I got into the kitchen; he went upstairs; found the door leading from the entry to the kitchen open; the back door of the kitchen was open also; it was a cool evening; felt the cold air as I

went to the kitchen; there was a lighted candle on the kitchen table; Mr. Twitchell did not go back with me into the kitchen; noticed no door open or shut when he went up stairs; went to close the outside kitchen door, which opens into a small enclosed yard, with Venetian slats on the Pine street side; the back second-story room extends over the enclosure; saw something in the yard; turned back, took the candle, and saw a woman lying there in the side-yard, outside of the slats; did not go further than the door with the candle; was able with the candle-light to see what it was; supposed it to be Mrs. Hill from her being looked for; turned back into the kitchen and called Mr. Twitchell; Mr. Twitchell said "what," I think, or something like that, when I called him, and I called again for him to come down fast; the first answer was made some time after I called; the answer appeared to come from up stairs; did not observe a door open or shut before the answer; "Mr. Twitchell, come down fast," were my words; heard no answer to that; he came down the front stairs, I think; I went into the yard, and I told him to come out; I said, "Mrs. Hill was lying in the yard," as I was passing into the yard; he asked me no questions when he came down; did not take the candle to the yard; went outside the Venetian blinds; don't recollect any answer when I said Mrs. Hill was in the yard; in the yard, he said, "My God! what's this?" the candle was in on the table; we carried in Mrs. Hill; he asked, would no person assist to carry her in; Mrs. Twitchell was down there then; assisted him; he catched her by

the shoulders to raise her up like; took hold of the body by the feet; the body was placed on the sofa in the kitchen; Mr. Twitchell asked for water and asked for a doctor; water was procured, and he bathed the face of Mrs. Hill with a cloth; don't know what else he said after the water and doctor; he applied the water to the face repeatedly, saying something I don't know; he was lamenting and grieving very hard; he said, would no person go for a doctor; don't remember what else; can't remember his words when lamenting; did not see him do anything but bathe the head; did not observe him make any examination of the injuries or limbs; went for a doctor next, straight across Tenth street, out of the front door; did not get one; went back to the house, and went out of the gate on Pine street to Mr. Morrell's shoe store, on Pine street, below Tenth; I let myself out the gate; it was shut; it is fastened by a bolt, and was fastened by the bolt when I went to go to Morrell's; I had to unbolt it to get out; at Morrell's told a man who came to the door that Mrs. Hill didn't feel well, and Mrs. Twitchell wanted somebody to come over. Mrs. Twitchell asked me to go upstairs until she got some clothing on, and I did so; don't know how long it was while she was getting dressed; came out shortly after she got dressed; think she came to the kitchen; the kitchen was heated by a range; the poker was usually kept hanging up by the side of the range; there was a poker in the second-story room with a brass top or head on it; the kitchen one was the longest; (poker shown:) this looks like our kitchen poker, but I can't say

whether it is or not; it had a head like this don't know the length and weight, but it is something such as this; did not see any poker in the kitchen next day; did not look for any; it may or it may not have been there, but did not observe it; there were four dogs belonging to the house; if they heard any noise about they were noisy; if they heard people come in they barked; they were kept up stairs, I think, in Mrs. Hill's and Mr. Twitchell's rooms; don't remember seeing the dogs when I went in; saw them in Mrs. Twitchell's room. Mr. and Mrs. Twitchell occupied the back apartment of the front building, second story; Mrs. Hill occupied the front second-story room; my sleeping room was in the third-story back building.

No cross-examination.

John P. Montgomery. Reside next door to Mrs. Hill; about half-past nine, while sitting in my front second-story room, my attention was attracted by a very loud and unusual knock at the hall door; looked out the window and saw a person I could not recognize by sight, but whose voice I recognized as that of Mrs. Twitchell, who said, "There has been a murder in the house," and requesting me to come in; did so, meeting Mrs. Twitchell in the hallway, and following her into the kitchen, where I saw the body of Mrs. Hill on a settee, and Mr. Twitchell standing near the body, and there was a white cloth thrown over the face; Mr. Twitchell was the only person there then, and was requested to go for a doctor, and did so; upon my return, found in the kitchen the body in the same position, and several persons in the room, including Mr. Twitchell, standing

quite near the body, the servant girl, Dr. Zantzinger, Mr. Leidy, Mr. Doster, and Mr. Morrell; returned to my house for a few minutes, and upon again returning, found the same parties there. Shortly afterwards Mr. Twitchell was arrested, and I accompanied the officer in charge of him to the station house; came back to the house and went home. On the way to the station Mr. Twitchell said, "Mr. Montgomery, you don't believe I am guilty of this?" I replied, “I don't wish to consider any one guilty." At the house, when I saw Mr. Twitchell, he had on a dark coat, buttoned up high; could not say positively whether he had on a white shirt or not.

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Twitchell, "This is an awful thing-how did it happen?" The prisoner replied, "We found her in the yard," and asked, when the bell rang, "For God's sake, open that gate, and let the doctor or somebody in!" On going to the door to answer the bell, saw a woman, who lighted the gas in the hall, and who then ran upstairs, exclaiming, "Oh, my God, my poor mother; will no one help me?" Twitchell had on a light undershirt; don't think he wore a linen shirt with plaits. When Officer Howard brought in the poker from the yard some one exclaimed: "This is the thing that did the deed." Am sure the prisoner heard the remark and that he made no reply.

Chauncey Leidy. When I came back from the doctor's, I, too, saw Mr. Twitchell at the head of Mrs. Hill; examined the body; saw the wound in the temple; placed my finger in it and said to the prisoner, "It is not worth while bathing this woman, for she is dead," and that she had been dead for some time. Mr. Doster and I examined the yard, and the dining-room and sittingroom; found pieces of a comb in the blood in the yard, and also a bent pair of spectacles in the dining-room in front of the sofa. Twitchell wore an undershirt light in color, but no linen shirt.

white collar on; he had boots on; went up with him to his bedroom, second floor back room, in the main building; he put on a white shirt, a black cloth vest, and the same coat he had on down stairs; on entering the bedroom, there were two dogs there -small dogs-one a terrier; they were barking nearly all the time I was in the room; they were very noisy; when we came down stairs he went to an entry closet and put on a dark overcoat; then we went to the station-house; searched him and locked him up; going to the station-house he said he was innocent, and did not blame me for doing my duty; when he was up in the room he did not put on any boots; asked him how the blood got on his white shirt; he said he got it from carrying the old lady in from the yard; I told him I told him I thought it could not be possible; there was also blood on his vest and pants; when I went back to the station-house took Mr. Twitchell out of the cell and found the blood on his white shirt bosom, and on the lapel of the vest, on the coat and pants, and spots on the boots; took the clothing off him; took off boots, pants, shirt, vest, coat, and put other clothing on him; Detective Warnock ordered the change. Detective Warnock took charge of the clothing.

Officer Howard. After having examined the case for about five minutes I told the prisoner to put his cap on, as I was going to take him to the station-house; he said he wanted to change his clothing; said I would go with him; in the kitchen he had on a dark gray undershirt and a brown coat; he had not a white linen or muslin shirt; he had no

Cross-examined. Didn't hear the dogs bark until Mr. Twitchell opened the door; the bustle and walking about didn't cause the dogs to bark; didn't hear them till I got in the room; the dogs came towards me, and I drove them to one side; kept my eye on them to see that they didn't snap at me; can't say when I first saw the blood on his shirt;

whether it was in the bed-room or at the station-house; don't recollect saying that the stationhouse was the first place I saw it; asked him twice where he got the blood; twice he answered he got it carrying the body in from the yard; I told him it could not be, but don't recollect saying that it was because he didn't have it on at the time; the reason I gave him was that because it could not be made in that way; said he could not get spots on in that way.

W. H. G. Morrell. I reside at 28 Pine street; was informed of the murder about 9:30 p. m., and went at once over to the house, where we met Mrs. Twitchell in the entry-way, saying, "Mother has been killed!" Asked her how she said, "Fell out of the second-story window;" I said, "How could she fall out of the window?" then followed her to the kitchen; Mr. Twitchell was standing at the head of the body washing it with a wet cloth; I said to him, "How could this be? How could she fall out of the window and injure herself so?" He said, "I don't know;" while Dr. Zatzinger was making the examination Mr. Twitchell was exclaiming, "She is not dead." I then examined the body, and found it cold, as if dead about an hour; my suspicions were aroused by the wounds that I saw, which I thought could not be done by falling out of a window. In the yard near the screen I found the poker; it was lying in the blood where the body had laid. I gave it to Officer Howard. We then went up stairs and found on the center-table a candle and a coal-oil lamp, both lit; as soon as I discovered blood I said: "This is the place where

the woman has been murdered;" I followed the blood to the backroom window, and found blood on the lower end of the sash, and also on the sill; the gas was burning here as well as in the kitchen; the curtains of the windows were down; heretofore they were always up; an officer and myself noted blood down the back stairs, as if some one had come up or went down; afterwards I went down stairs and asked Mr. and Mrs. Twitchell if there was any one in the house besides them; they said "No," and I then said, "One of you two have committed the murder;" to which charge neither one made any reply; I insisted on the officer taking them in charge, which he did, taking them up stairs to get on some clothing; first saw Mr. Twitchell dressed in pants, undershirt which was dark gray, and a coat buttoned across; he had no collar on; he had on a light coat rather longer than this (coat exhibited), stayed in the room with the body and the officer went up stairs with him; after they had gone to the station-house I remained to take charge of Mrs. Twitchell and the girl; Twitchell had no white shirt on when I saw him; it was a dark gray; after Mr. Twitchell went to the stationhouse had a conversation with Mrs. Twitchell; I related the circumstances discovered, saying that it was not possible for any outside person to get into the house, the gate being fast, and they being the only ones in the house; I said "I did not think it possible for a strange foot to come inside without the dogs detecting it;" she said that her mother was in the habit of carrying from $2,000 to $3,000 in her bosom, and that she had been

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