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or men are constantly under our dreaming of stability and security, had heyes.”

slipped from my clutch, and had cast Í began to think of my prospects, me hopelessly adrift. I felt the hot and to consider my next movements. blood mounting to my cheek and brain, I spoke mechanically to Mrs Chaser- as I took courage to look with steadi. hardly aware of my questions, or con- ness upon my isolated, desperate conscious of her replies.

dition. The room grew too confined; “ Have you any daughters, ma'am?” it was with difficulty I breathed, and I asked, for want of a better question. I rushed into the open air. “ Never,"

66 One, Mr Stukely-Miss Eliza. I vowed, “ should that inhuman door She is now at ome for the olydays.- be closed again upon me.” But I Do you hear that-listen!"

walked afterwards for three hours 65 What, ma'am ?”

through the long streets of the strange “ The dear at her piano. Miss town, and again and again I found Eliza is twelve years old-she will be myself before the only dwelling that quite accomplished. She has a for- contained human creatures who knew tune from my father of her own. She' me, to whom I could speak—and I will settle very well.”.

was inclined to ring the bell again-to " No doubt, ma'am.”

obtain admittance-ask advice-seek 66 You shall see her, Mr Stukely. aid. Twenty times, pride, anger, and She is a simple-minded creature- disgust, interposed to restrain my steps, all life and nature. I will call her, and to protect me against further inMiss Eliza– Miss Eliza," bawled the sult-if not from further suffering and good lady from the bottom of the

Weakness, inclination, the stairs.

fear of starvation, of a horrid death There was a loud giggle in reply from hunger—these were in the oppoand nothing more.

site balance, and I was content at 66 She is such a timid creature. I length to submit to new mortification must fetch her.-Pardon me."

-to deeper self-abasement. The man The lady curtsied and vanished had asked me to his table. Who knew from my presence, with a dignity, what would arise from such a meeting which, cut up in little, would have -what sparks of generosity and tenfurnished handsomely a dozen families. der feeling might be elicited from the For a few minutes I stood in active social board ? It was due to my poor expectation of the threatened visita- mother to make one more attempt. tion. It did not come. By degrees This idea had not occurred to me beI ceased to look for it, and at last I fore. I was glad to find it rising thus let it pass from my remembrance al- to check the dangerous tendency of together. My mind had weightier my evil passions-passions that ever thought to bear, and it came with fear- repay indulgence by treachery and ful pressure. What was I to do? betrayal. Emboldened by the insti- whither flee next for help? The last, gation of a virtuous principle, sustainthe only hope, was dissipated. The ed by its presence, once more I visited anchor to which I had fondly held, my relatives.






The memory of Dr Jamieson de. with a labour which love alone could serves to be cherished by his country, have maintained; and if all our other men with reverence and gratitude. monuments should perish, the result This amiable and excellent man can of Dr Jamieson's researches would claim the praise of having, in no or- still afford an intelligible and honourdinary degree, by his innocent and able representation of our national patriotic pursuits, cultivated that love disposition and peculiarities. His of country, and that study of native

pages present many a faithful picture character, which contribute so much of the habits and modes of life, the to foster a generous emulation and a passages of joy and sadness, the scenes salutary self-respect. He devoted the of mouroing and of merry-making, learned leisure of a long life to the which prevailed among a people of investigation of our vernacular lan- remarkable character, sedate and seriguage and literature, and has widely ous, devout and intellectual, yet filled disseminated a knowledge and an ad- with strong passions and warm fancies, miration of both among all who claim and possessing a keen sense both of acquaintance with European philo- ridicule and of tenderness. His citalogy. While the poems of Burns, and tions of vernacular poetry supply a the romances of Scott, have endeared bright anthology of genius of a corthe graces of our modern Doric to responding kind—rustic simplicity and many a feeling heart and lively fancy, heartfelt kindliness, broad humour the Dictionary of the Scottish lane and riotous merriment, biting sarcasm guage

has reached the minds of the and sagacious thought. These ele. scientific as well as of the simple, and ments were caught and collected at a recalls the important truth, that the time when they were yet well underphraseology which astonishes or de- stood, and when they still wore those lights us in the Antiquary or the marked features which time and reHeart of Midlothian, in the vision of finement have been rapidly effacing. Alloway Kirk or the Address to the As rich repository of native literaMountain Daisy, is not wholly the ture, manners, and antiquities, the rude dialect of rustic men ; but is a great work of Dr Jamieson may be relic of a rich and noble tongue, which, considered as invaluable to his counin the compositions of Barbour, Dun- trymen. bar, and Douglas, could rival the con- Of Dr Jamieson's merits as a phitemporary productions of Englaud lologer we must speak with more cauherself.

tion and qualification. It is perhaps We willingly avail ourselves of the little discredit to him that his knowappearance of a neat reprint of the ledge of kindred languages was more Scottish Dictionary, to offer our humble derived from the hortus siccus of inestimate of the merits of the work and dexes and vocabularies, than imbibed of its author; and as this new edition amidst the living groves and breathdoes not profess to give any correctory ing gardens of literature and speech. annotations, or any deduction of the But it must be further confessed that science to a more modern stage of its he had imperfectly mastered the pecu. progress, it seems the more necessary culiar types and transitions of the to submit some observations, which Teutonic tongues, as connected or may assist our readers in appreciating contrasted with each other, and that the precise weight and authority to generally he was an unskilful etymowhich the dictionary is entitled. logist, and a lax grammarian.

The industry of Dr Jamieson as a In adverting to faults which truth lexicographer is entitled to the high- will not suffer us to conceal, it is exest praise. He has diligently amass- clusively our object to guard against ed a vast store of valuable materials, their influence on others, and not on and has collected all the scattered rays account of their existence to detract of elucidation which he found within from the personal merits of the man. his reach. Numerous illustrative In speaking of Dr Jamieson as we works of northern history, philology, have done in this respect, we feel how and antiquities, were explored by him, little it tends to his dispraise when


we advert to the imperfections and quested the doctor to note down for him inaccuracies of Johnson's great work all the singular words used in that part of in the same department, and remem- the country, no matter how vulgar he ber how the public were imposed upon might himself consider them; and to give by the empty and impudent quackeries the received meaning of each. Jamieson of Tooke. The last thirty years have laughed at the request, saying, “What done more for Teutonic philology

would you do, sir, with our vulgar words? than had been accomplished in the

they are merely corruptions of English.' previous century. Dr Jamieson

Thorkelin, who spoke English fluently, studied and wrote in the spirit of a

replied with considerable warmth, ' I that period which preceded the recent dis- fantast Johnson had said so, I would

have forgiven him, because of his ignorcoveries ; and he has now the disad

ance and prejudice : but I cannot make vantage of being read and criticized

the same excuse for you, when you speak after those discoveries have been ma

in this contemptuous manner of the lan. tured and made familiar. Those who

guage of your country, which is, in fact, have been even partially initiated in

more ancient than the English. I have the rigid schools of the present day, now spent four months in Angus and are apt to look with contempt and . Sutherland, and I have met with between surprise on others with whom Wachter

three and four hundred words purely and Junius, or even Ihre and Ade- Gothic, that were never used in Anlung, are still infallible authorities. glo-Saxon. You will admit that I am But our excellent lexicographer was pretty well acquainted with Gothic. I too old to profit by this modern refor- am a Goth, a native of Iceland, the inmation, even if its results had reached habitants of which are an unmixed race, his ears, and, like the monk with the who speak the same language which their misprinted missal, he would probably ancestors brought from Norway a thouto the last have preferred his old

sand years ago.

All or most of these mumpsimus to our new sumpsimus.

words which I have noted down, are faAn occurrence in Dr Jamieson's life,

miliar to me in my native island. If you which seems to have awakened his

do not find out the sense of some of the attention to the studies which after

terms which strike you as singular, send wards distinguished him, gave them

them to me; and I am pretty certain I

shall be able to explain them to you.' also unfortunately an erroneous direction. The incident to which we refer, forthwith purchased a twopenny paper

Jamieson, to oblige the learned stranger, is alluded to in his original dissertation

book, and began to write down all the reprefixed to the dictionary, and is fully

markable or uncouth words of the district. detailed in the biographical memoir

From such small beginnings, made more inserted in the present edition:

than twenty years before any part of the " The doctor had not yet projected his

work was published, arose the four large

quarto volumes of his DICTIONARY and great work, the dictionary; the first idea of which arose accidentally from the con

SUPPLEMENT, the revolution in his opinion versation of one of the many distinguished

as to the origin of the Scottish language,

and that theory of its origin which he has persons whom he met at Mr Dempster's

maintained in the learned dissertations residence ; Dunnichen being long the

which accompany the dictionary.” frequent rendezvous of not merely the most eminent men of Scotland, but of

We have much respect for Professor such learned foreigners as from time to Thorkelin as a learned and laborious time visited the country.

This was the

man; but when we think of him in conlearned Grim Thorkelin, professor of an- nexion with Anglo-Saxon philology, tiquities in Copenhagen. Up to this pe

and as an editor of the Poem of Beowulf, riod Dr Jamieson had held the common

under the title “ De Danorum Rebus opinion, that the Scottish is not a language, and nothing more than a corrupt blundering book that ever issued from

Gestis," which is probably the most dialect of the English, or at least of the Anglo-Saxon. The learned Danish pro

the press, we cannot recognise him fessor first undeceived him—though full

as an eminent judge in such matters, conviction came tardily--and proved, to

and the conversation which is here his satisfaction, that there are many words

said to have been held confirms our . in our national tongue which have never

distrust. The Icelander boasts of being passed through the channel of Anglo

-an appellation to which he was Saxon, nor been spoken in England. only entitled in the same sense in Before leaving Dunnichen, Thorkelin re. which it is due to a Cockney or a Dutchman. But the bias was given, but think that if his attention had and it affected the whole tenor of Dr been turned as much to these objects Jamieson's future studies. He sought, of comparison as to those of a Scandi. and seemed to find, a Scandinavian cha. navian origin, his conclusions would racter in all the features of our verna. have been different and more impartial, cular tongue, and Scandinavian autho. and they would certainly have been rities were almost exclusively consulted entitled to greater weight. for its illustration. In his list of re- The one-sided views thus formed by ferences, we find indeed the diction- Dr Jamieson, and embodied in his dicaries of Wachter and of Kilian ; the tionary so far back as the year 1808, one an antiquated work by an able when it was first published, produced and elegant writer, the other a useful, an injurious effect on the study of our but undigested mass of miscellaneous vernacular idiom and national antiand anomalous words, collected from quities, by drawing an imaginary line all the shores of the German Ocean, and of separation on the side both of our needing to be analyzed and authenti. Anglo-Saxon and of our Germanic cated before they could be beneficially kinsmen. Much time, we conceive, resorted to. But Dr Jamieson's fa- has been wasted in pursuing a false vourite authorities, quoted on all occa- scent, and we are now destitute of a sions, both in and out of season, are, great body of important illustration, Gudmundus Andreæ for Icelandic, and which might have been directed on our Ihre for Suio-gothic or Swedish the ancient laws and language, if it had first of them a very respectable old been sought for in the right quarter, wife, the second an accurate and exten- and accumulated with the same dili. sive scholar, whose judgment and mo- gence that has been thus misemployed. desty would have shrunk from the un- We believe, that among the best due pre-eminence thus assigned to his judges, Dr Jamieson's theory has for very complete and valuable elucidation many years been generally exploded, of a local idiom. For the native works '

a Goth

and from time to time its errors have on philology by more recent Germa- been partially exposed. But we are nic writers, we look in vain in Dr desirous of this favourable opportunity Jamieson's list, and we suspect he of reviewing the subject, and collectwas little acquainted with their exist- ing together as we best may, the scat

Haltaus's excellent law-glos- tered observations which it has already sary, Adelung's standard dictionary, excited, or which the more accurate the works of Frisch and Fulda, and the and precise ideas of the day are calmeritorious dissertation of the Dutch culated to suggest. Ten Kate, one of the first successful We would not be considered as attempts at a comparative view of the here intending to speak in a depreci- . Teutonic languages, might all have ating tone of the merits of Icelandic or been consulted with advantage, but Scandinavian literature, or of its useseem never to have been dreamed of; fulness as illustrating all the other Teuwhile there is something still more tonic languages. The slightest knowsingular and surprising in the prepa- ledge of it will teach us to estimate ration of an elaborate Scottish diction highly its intrinsic value and relative ary, without the slightest aid even importance. Though probably less from the_Idioticon Hamburgense of ancient than the Anglo-Saxon, its Michael Richey, or from the Bre- monuments are peculiarly instructive, misch and Niedersachsisch Worter- both from their number and extent, buch, an indispensable companion in and from the circumstance that they labours of this description. In like retained longer the creed and charac

the original Low - Saxon ter of Teutonic Paganism. The writers seem to have been entirely ne- Elder Edda, as finally edited under glected ; and it may be doubted if the the auspices of the Arna-Magnean Scottish lexicograpler's shelves con- Curators, is an unrivalled treasure of tained a copy even of Reineke Vos, the Teutonic antiquities, and affords the great mirror of the mind and lan- best key to the mythological opinions, guage of Northern Germany in the and to many obscurities, customs, and middle

ages. Of Frisian authorities, idioms, of kindred tribes. But we which might also have been referred are now speaking of the peculiar relato with much benefit, Dr Jamieson's tion subsisting between the Scottish catalogue is equally bare. We cannot nation and the nations of Scandina



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vian origin—a question which is this enquiry, but which we are often
wholly independent of the degree of apt to overlook.
estimation in which the Scandina- 1. Our historical information as to the
vian language or compositions may origin and character of the Picts is, at
deserve to be held.

the best, vagne and imperfect; and sup-
We are not disposed to deny that posing even it could be held that they
our vernacular tongue has been affect- were of Teutonic blood, we are desti.
ed by Scandinavian influences to a tute of any records which can defini.
considerable degree, or that there is a tively determine to what branch of the
large admixture of Norse blood in the Teutonic family they belonged.
veins of our countrymen. The inter- 2. We are entirely destitute of any
course of Danes and Norwegians with remains of the Pictish language which
Scotland must have been frequent and can afford us assistance in our search ;
extensive, though scarcely perhaps so for the single word transmitted to us
much so as in the case of England; to which a Pictish character is gene.
and traces of that intercourse would rally ascribed, is, in the most favourable
appear in our own language as well view for Dr Jamieson's friends, a com-
as in that of our neighbours. But pound of Celtic and Teutonic, and the
the material enquiry relates to the Teutonic portion of it shows no indi-
great and general body of the Scottish cation of belonging to one dialect more
people and their language, not to than to another.
exceptional or accidental portions of 3. We are destitute of any histori.

cal record which

with The theory of Dr Jamieson is, that certainty for the immigration of the the Scottish language is not a dialect general mass of Scottish lowlanders or diversity of the Anglo-Saxon, but from any Teutonic country. Wemay is derived from a different and a purer be said, indeed, to be destitute of any source, being lineally descended from history of Scotland at all, till more the language of the Picts, whom he than a thousand years after the Chrisconsiders to have been a Scandinavian tian era. tribe. In considering this doctrine, 4. We are entirely destitute of any. we have no intention to enter on the remains of the early Teutonic language Pictish controversy, as to which we of Scotland. Not a fragment of it shall merely observe, in passing, that it can be said to exist in any shape. seems now to have been nearly decided, While we can refer to a large and by a preponderance of the best opi- various body of Anglo-Saxon literanions, in favour of the Celtic origin

of ture, extending without material that people. But looking to Dr change or adulteration, over a range Jamieson's theory in a broader view, of several hundred years, between the it resolves into two propositions—lst, 7th and the 11th century, and while That from an early period the inhabi- every other Teutonic nation of im. tants of the Scottish lowlands were portance has something of the same Teutonic ; and 2d, That these Teu- kind to show, the literature of Scottonic inhabitants were Scandinavian, land, for the corresponding period, is not Saxon. We cannot but think an utter blank. The most ancient that these opinions, taken in their vernacular composition which Scotcombined result, are not supported by land can boast, must be referred, at any sufficient grounds, and that, so far the very earliest, to the end of the as evidence on the subject exists, they 13th century, if indeed there are any are contradicted by the facts.

earlier than the middle of the fourWhen we consider the 'materials teenth. And in what state is the lanwhich we possess for theorizing on guage then presented to us? In any this question, we must be struck with thing but a pure Teutonic form. We the rashness of those who hazard any know, from analogy, that if it had a dogmatic opinion upon it at all, and previous existence, it must have posa still more of those who construct a sessed those minute inflections, and theory which would draw a line of those distinctions of grammatical gendistinction, in point of origin, between der which belong to all the other secthe Teutonic speech of one part of the tions of the race, and which assimi. island and that of the other.

late them so closely to the languages attend to a few indisputable facts of classical antiquity. But the Scotwhich are of the utmost importance in tish language, in its earliest known

Let us

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