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mutal the daughter of Jeremiah of | akim gave the silver and the gold to zah. 32. And he did that which was Pharaoh, but he taxed the land to give the (c) in the sight of the LORD, according money according to the commandment of 11 that his fathers had done. 33. And Pharaoh ; he exacted the silver and the raoh-nechoh put him in bands at gold of the people of the land, of every one lah, in the land of Hamath, that he according to his taxation, to give it unto ht not reign in Jerusalem, and put Pharaoh-nechoh. 36. Jehoiakim was twenty land to a tribute of an hundred talents and five years old when he began to reign, ilver, and a talent of gold. 34. And and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem : araoh-nechoh made Eliakim, the son of and his mother's name was Zebudah, the iah, king, in the room of Josiah his daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah. 37. And ner, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, he did that which was evil in the sight of the

took Jehoahaz away: and he came LORD, according to all that his fathers had Egypt and died there. 35. And Jehoi. || done.


unto wise counsels: 6. To understand a CHAP. I.

proverb, and the interpretation ; the words VHE proverbs of Solomon (d) the son of the wise, and their dark sayings. 7. The - of David king of Israel; 2. To fear (g) of the LORD' is the beginning of

w (e) wisdom and instruction, to per knowledge : but fools despise wisdom and ve (e) the words of understanding ; 3. To instruction. 8. “ My son, hear the inceive (f) the instruction of wisdom, «« struction of thy father, and forsake not tice, and judgment, and equity; 4. To " the law of thy mother : 9. For they e subtilty to the simple, to the young 6 shall be an ornament of grace unto thy an knowledge and discretion. 5. A wise " head, and chains about thy neck. 10. My en will hear, and will increase learning : 11 « son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou d a man of understanding shall attain " not. 11. If they say, “Come with us,

(c) v. 32. “ Evil.” Josiah lived about 14 " them, because he had compassion on his peoars after the great passover mentioned in “ ple,and on his dwelling place, they mocked his rse 21. 22. 23. but as his sons and grandson, “ messengers, and despised his word, and mise only persons on the throne before the Baby 6 used his prophets. 2 Chron. xxxvi. 12 to 16.” nish captivity was completely effected, did Their conduct therefore called for the punish-il in the sight of the Lord, there is no reason ments which fell upon them. I

suppose that there had been a general national (d) v. I. “ Of Solomon." Written about formation, such as according to Jer. xviii. 7.8. 1000 years before our Saviour's birth. They ight be expected to avert God's vengeance. contain some admirable rules for human conIn the contrary, Jehoiakim, in whose reign the duct, far surpassing any other system of morals aptivity commenced, committed abominations. before the times of the gospel.

Chron. xxxvi. 8. And Zedekiah, in whose (e) v. 2. “ Know," or " teach ;" “perceive,” me it was completed, humbled not himself, or “communicate ; " “ cause meditation upon." but stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart || The object is to point out the advantages these from turning unto the Lord God of Israel : Proverbs are calculated to produce. mai and all the chief of the priests and the people U (f) v. 3. “ Receive,” or “ bring.". transgressed very much after all the abomina (š) v. 7. “ The fear, &c." With what adtions of the heathen, and polluted the house of vice could he so well begin, as with recommend. the Lord which he had hallowed in Jerusalem : ing profound submission to God, attention to and though the Lord sent to them by his parents, and watchfulness against the inticemessengers, rising up betimes, and sending | ment of sinners ?

« let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk | “ regarded; 25: But ye have set “ privily for the innocent without cause : « nought all my counsel; and would be « 12. Let us swallow them up alive as " of my reproof : 26. I also will laglia “ the grave, and whole, as those that go " your calamity, I will mock when we « down into the pit: 13. We shall find " fear cometh; 27. When your « all precious substance, we shall fill our " cometh as desolation, and your desta “ houses with spoil: 14. Cast in thy lot | “ tion cometh as a whirlwind; « among us, let us all have one purse:” “ distress and anguish cometh upon at “ 15. My son, walk not thou in the way “ 28. Then shall they call upon me, tad « with them ; refrain thy foot from their « will not answer ; they shall " path. 16. For their feet run to evil, Il « early, but they shall not fine x « and make haste to shed blood. 17. Surely - 29. For that they hated knowledon “ in vain the net (h) is spread in the sight “ did not choose the fear of the a " of any bird. 18. And they lay wait for “ 30. They would none of my com " their own blood (i), they lurk privily for “ they despised all my reproof. 31. TL " their own lives. 19. So are the ways “ fore shall they eat of the fruit of “ of every one that is greedy of gain : « own way, and be filled with thei: 1 " which taketh (k) away the life of the “ devices. 32. For the turning 307 « owners thereof.” 20. Wisdom (1) crieth or of the simple shall slay them (g), 2964 without, she uttoreth her voice in the “ prosperity of fools shall destroy the streets : 21. She crieth in the chief place " 33. But whoso hearkeneth unto 1 of concourse (mm), in the openings of the « shall dwell safely, and shall be cu gates : in the city she uttereth her words, “ from fear of evil.” saying, 22. “ How long, ye simple ones, “ will ye love simplicity (n) ? and the

CHAP. II. (n) « scorners delight in their scorning, and

"M Y (s) son, if thou wilt recer: “ fools hate knowledge ? 23. Turn you IVT words, and hide my comes « at my reproof : behold, I will pour out " ments with thee; 2. So that thou " my spirit unto () you, I will make known or thine ear unto wisdom, and apply.-“ my words unto you. 24. Because I “ heart to understanding : 3. 12,1 “ have called and ye refused, I have o criest after (t) knowledge, 12 “ stretched out my hand, and no man “ thy voice (t) for understanding. Also

(6) v. 17. “ The net, &c.” Probably a proverb. As a bird has so much sense as not to run into a net it sees spread for its destruction, what will be your folly, if you are drawn in by 'these inticements, which you are apprized will produce yours?

(i) v. 18. “ Their own blood, &c.” Their ‘own destruction will be the consequence of their misconduct : “ their own blood," and “ their own lives," will be the sacrifice.

(k) v. 19.“ Taketh away the life of,” i.e. " bringeth destruction upon."

(1) v. 20.' “ Wisdom, &c.” Instead of "listening to the allurements of sinners, attend to the calls of Wisdom : neglect will be fatal.

(m) v. 21. “ Chief place of concourse;" “ the openings of the gates,” and “the city," the most public places. Her calls are open : she has no cause for concealment.

(n) v. 22. “How long, ye foolish ones, will “ ye love folly? how long will the scorners, « &c."

(0) 7. 23. “Unto," or " upon."

(p) v. 24. “ Because, &c." A spol. núnciation against those who reject tx Car Wisdom. In the parable of the tre le Matt. xxv. I to 12. our Saviour intrat against those who have not made the la paration in the proper time, the door for ever. His answer to their call is. " " I say unto you, I know you not.

(9) v.32. « Turning away," or " “ sliding," " wickedness," " Them," “ simple and fools, who reject my, " they shall bring upon themselves “ destruction.”

(r) The advantages of pursuing !!! dom, by securing God's favour, deliverance from wicked men and women, and ensuring temporal prosperity

(s) v. 1. « My, i.e.** Wisdoms was speaking in the preceding chepen this is a continuation of her addressa

() v. 3. “ Criest after," and " !

men and was thy voice for ;" expressions to signify an ment. In the preceding verse, and in the latter nxious desire and strenuous attempts to obtain branch of this, he is speaking, not of what God nowledge and understanding.

seekest her as (t) silver, and searchest for her as for hid treasures : 5. Then shalt thou understand (w) the fear of the LORD, and find the knowledge (x) of God. 6. For the LORD giveth wisdom: out of his mouth cometh knowledge and understanding. 7. He layeth up sound wisdom for the righteous: he is a buckler to them that walk uprightly. 8. He keepeth the paths of judgement (y), and preserveth the way of his saints. 9. Then shalt thou understand righteousness, and judgement, and equity, yea, every good path. 10. When wisdoin entereth into thine heart, and knowledge is pleasant unto thy soul; 11. Discretion shall preserve thee, understanding shall keep thee: 12. To deliver thee from the way of the evil man, from the man that speaketh froward things. 13. Who leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways of darkness: 14. Who rejcice to do evil, and delight in the frowardness of the wicked. 15. Whose ways are crooked, and they froward in their paths (z). 16. Tó deliver thee from the strange woman, even from the stranger which flattereth with her words ; 17. Which forsaketh the guide of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God. 18. For her house inclineth unto death, and her paths unto the dead. 19. None that go unto her return again, neither take they hold of the paths of life. 20. That thou (a) mayest walk in the way of good men, and keep the paths of the righteous. 21. For the upright shall dwell in the land, and the perfect shall remain in it. 22. But the wicked shall be cut off from the earth, and the transgressors shall be rooted out of it."

CHAP. III. “ M Y son, forget not my law; but let " I thine heart keep my command. « ments: 2. For length of days, and long “ life, and peace shall they add to thee. " 3. Let not mercy and truth forsake " thee: bind them about thy neck, write " them upon the table of thine heart. « 4. So shalt thou find favour, and good « understanding in the sight of God and " man. 5. Trust in the LORD with all 66 thine heart; and lean not unto thine « own understanding. 6. In all thy ways " acknowledge him, and he shall direct “ thy paths. 7. Be not wise in thine own “ eyes : fear the LORD, and depart from “ evil. 8. It shall be health to thy navel, • and marrow to thy bones. 9. Honour " the Lord with thy substance, and with 66 the first-fruits of all thine increase. “ 10. So shall thy barns be filled with " plenty, and thy presses shall búrst out " with new wine. 11. My son, despise « not the chastening of the LORD: neither - be weary of his correction. 12. For « whom the LORD loveth, he correcteth, “ even as a father the son, in whom he “ delighteth. 13. Happy is the man that “ findeth wisdom, and the man that get“ teth understanding. 14. For the meror chandize of it is better than the mer“ chandize of silver, and the gain thereof ss than fine gold. 15. She is more precious " then rubies: and all the things thou

canst desire, are not to be compared “6 unto her. 16. Length of days is in her " right hand : and in her left hand riches “ and honour. 17. Her ways are ways of “ pleasantness, and all her paths are peace. « 18. She is a tree of life to them that lay “ hold upon her; and happy is every one

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is in himself, but of what he does for the good. (t) v.4. “ As," i. e. with as much earnest (2) v. 15. “ Whose ways are crooked, and less as you would for silver or hidden treasures. “ paths froward.”

(u) v. 5. “ Understand," i. e. “ reap the l (a) v. 20. “ That thou mayest walk, &c." . blessings of.

governed in construction by verse 11. The third (x) v. 5. " Knowledge," or " regard, effect of discretion and understanding. The . countenance, protection, assistance."

first is deliverance from evil men, (verse 12 to (y) v. 8. “ Judgment,” or “the just,” who 15.) the second from evil women, (verse 16. cause or promote or execute justice and judg. Il to 19.), and this is the third.

" that retaineth her. 19. The LORD by i « wisdom hath founded the earth; by " understanding hath he established the

heavens. 20. By his knowledge the k depths are broken up, and the clouds « drop down the dew. 21. My son, let « not them depart from thine eyes: keep « sound wisdom and discretion. 22. So * shall they be life unto thy soul, and “ grace to thy neck. 23. Then shalt thou « walk in thy way safely, and thy foot « shall not stumble. 24. When thou ko liest down, thou shalt not be afraid : to yea, thou shalt lie down, and thy sleep « shall be sweet. 25. Be not afraid of a sudden fear, neither of the desolation of « the wicked, when it cometh. 26. For is the Lord shall be thy confidence, and

shall keep thy foot from being taken: * 27. Withhold not good from them to as whom it is due, when it is in the power w of thine hand to do it. 28. Say not k unto thy neighbour, “Go and come * again, and tò-morrow I will give;" when ks thou hast it by thee. 29. Devise not * evil against thy neighbour, seeing (6) he to dwelleth securely (c) by thee. 30. Strive « not with a man without cause, if he " have done thee no harm. 31. Envy as thou not the oppressor, and choose none * of his ways. 32. For the froward is rr abomination to the LORD: but his se* cret (d) is with the righteous. 33. The * curse of the Lord is in the house of the " wicked: but he blesseth the habitation " of the just. 34. Surely he scorneth to the scórners : but he giveth grace unto vs the lowly. 35. The wise shall inherit “ glory, but shame shall be the promo" tion (e) of foolis.”

CHAP. XI. A FALSE balance is abomination to the A LORD: but a just weight is his delight. 2. When pride cometh, then cometh shame: but with the lowly is wisdom. 3. Th! integrity of the upright shall guide them but the perverseness of transgressors shal destroy them. 4. Riches profit not in the day of wrath : but righteousness delivered from death. 5. The righteousness of te perfect shall direct his way: but the wicked shall fall by his own wickedness 6.12 righteousness of the upright shall deline them: but transgressors shall be taken i their own naughtiness. 7. When a wicked man dieth, his expectation (f) shall perch and the hope of unjust men perisheth 8. The righteous is delivered out of trouble and the wicked cometh in his stead. 9. A hypocrite with his mouth destroyeth bi neighbour: but through knowledge shall the just be delivered. 10. When it gerti well with the righteous, the city rejaices: and when the wicked perish, there is shouting. 11. By the blessing of the upright the city is exalted : but it is over? thrown by the mouth of the wicked 12. He that is void of wisdom despiseth (g/ his neighbour : but a man of understanding holdeth his peace. 13. A talebearer re vealeth secrets : but he that is of a faithtu spirit concealeth the matter. 14. Wher no counsel is, the people fall : but in 1 multitude of counsellors there is safety 15. He that is surety for a stranger skal smart for it and he that hateth suretysla is sure. 16. A(h) gracious woman ret21 eth honour: and strong men retain richa 17. The merciful man doeth good to 4

(6) v. 29. * Seeing, &c.” or “ even him

(8) 0. 12. “ Despiseth,” or “ revzlet, * that dwelleth securely by thee.”

| “ reproacheth," (c) v. 29. Securely,'' i.e. “ quietly and

(b) v. 16. Read, “ a gracious woman brin “ without suspicion," doing thee no wrong, “ eth honour to her husband, but she to and expecting none from thee.

“ hateth righteousness, reproach. The " (d) v. 32. * Secret,” or “ protection." " if slothful, shall come to poverty: but (e) v.35. " The promotion," the only dis

« industrious shall retain his wealth." This tinction they shall obtain.”

warranted by the Greek, Arabic, and SIT a von. " His expectation, &c." The

and the verse as it now stands, has no antitu meaning probably is, « The wicked can have

it wants that opposition in the two branche « no hope (fear he máy), as to what is to hap'as pen to him after death." All his hopes must || See 1 Kennic Diss. 508.

the verse which runs throughout the chapa be confined to this life.


jeweishteous punisher

vn soul: but ke that is cruel troubleth his | vn flesh. 18. The wicked worketh a

CHAP. XII. eceitful (i) work: but to him that soweth VHOSO loveth instruction, loveth ghteousness ball be a sure reward. V knowledge (m): but he that hateth

. As righteousness tendeth to life : so he reproof, is brutish (m). 2. A good man obat pursueth eyil pursueth it to his own taineth favour of the LORD: but a man of eath. 20. They that are of a froward wicked devices will he condemn. 3. A eart are abomination to the LORD: but man shall not be established by wickedch as are upright in their way are his ness : but the rooi of the righteous shall elight. 21. Though hand join in hand, the not be moved.' 4. A virtuous woman is icked shall not be unpunished: but the a crown to her husband : but she that ed of the righteous shall be delivered. maketh ashamed, is as rottenness in his 2. As a jewel of gold in a swine's snout, bones. 5. The thoughts of the righteous

(k) is a fair woman which is without dis are right: but the counsels of the wicked cetion. 23. The desire of the righteous are deceit. 6. The words of the wicked

only good : but the expectation of the are to lie in wait for blood : but the mouth -icked is wrath. 24. There is that scat of the upright shall deliver them. 7. The ereth (l), and yet increaseth ; and there is wicked are overthrown, and are not : but hat withholdeth more than is meet, but the house of the righteous shall stand.

tendeth to poverty. 25. The liberal soul 8. A man shall be commended according hall be made fat : and he that watereth to his wisdom : but he that is of a perhall be watered also himself. 26. He verse heart shall be despised. 9. Fle that nat withholdeth corn, the people shall is despised (n) and hath a servant, is better urse him : but blessing shall be upon the than he that honoureth (n) himself, and lackead of him that selleth it. 27. He that | eth bread. 10. A righteous mun regardeth iligently seeketh good procureth favour: the life of his beast : but the tender merut he that seeketh mischief, it shall come cies of the wicked are cruel (). 11. He into him. 28. He that trusteth in his that tilleth his land (P) shall be satisfied iches, shall fall: but the righteous shall with bread: but he that followeth () vain lourish as a branch. 29 He that troubleth perfons, is void of understanding. 12. The mis own house, shall inherit the wind : and wicked desireth (9) the net (9) of evil men: he fool shall be servant to the wise of heart. but the root of the righteous yieldeth fruit. 30. The fruit of the righteous is a tree of 13. The wicked is snared by the transgresife; and he that winneth souls, is wise. sion of his lips : but the just shall come out 31. Behold, the righteous shall be recom of trouble. 14. A man shall be satisfied with pensed in the earth : much more the wicked good by the fruit of his mouth (r), and and the sinner.

the recompense of a man's hands shall be

(i) v. 18. “ Deceitful," " what will bring |« noureth himself," by assuming importance, Es him no recompence, what will disappoint his and displaying external pomp. He, who has s expectations."

all the comforts of life, but makes no display, (k) v. 22. “ So, &c." i. e.“ beauty in such is better off than he who sacrifices all his com. s a woman is as much misplaced, as a jewel forts to appearance. *« would be in a swine's snout."

(6) v. 10. “ Are cruel." A strong way of - () v. 24. “ Scattereth," i. e. « in charity expressing that they have no mercy. ws and good works." His generosity, instead (p) v. 11. “ Tilleth his land," i. e. “is in, of diminishing his substance, causes its increase : “ dustrious.” “Followeth vain persons,” i.e. according to verse 25. he, as being a liberal “ gives up his time to idleness andvain pursuits.” soul, is made fat, (i. e. rich), and from watering, (9) v. 12. “ Desireth,” without obtaining (i. e, conferring upon others), he is watered also | it. See Prov. xiii. 4. The contrast is, behimself, his riches are made to increase.

tween the uncertainty of the gains of the (m) v. I. “ Loveth knowledge," i. e. * is wicked, and the certainty of those of the " wise.” “ Brutish," i. e. “ foolish."

good. “The net of evil men," i. e. “ the pro(n) v.o. “ Is despised," i.e. “ makes no is fits they sometimes make." 1 outward shew to attract attention :" “ ho- # (rv. 14. “ The fruit of his mouth," i.e.

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