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« their own piss with you ?" 28. Then Rab-shakeh stood and cried with a loud voice in the Jews language, and spake, saying, “ Hear the word of the great king,
'the king of Assyria. 29. Thus saith the “ king, “Let not Hezekiah deceive you, « for he shall not be able to deliver you s out of his hand: 30. Neither let Heze“ kiah make you trust in the LORD, saying, “ The LORD will surely deliver us, and « this city shall not be delivered into " the hand of the king of Assyria.” « 31. Hearken not unto Hezekiah: for “ thus saith the king of Assyria, “ Make « an agreement with me by a present and « come out to me, and then eat ye every “ man of his own vine, and every one of « his fig-tree, and drink ye every one “ the waters of his cistern : 32. Until I " come and take you away, to a land like w your own land, a land of corn and wine, « a land of bread and vineyards, a land of « oil-olive, and of honey, that ye may live « and not die: and hearken not unto • Hezekiah, when he persuadeth you, " saying, “ The LORD will deliver us.” 66 33. Hath any of the gods of the “ nations delivered at all his land out “ of the hand of the king of Assyria. “ 34. Where are the gods of (u) Hamath, « and (x) of Arpad ? where are the gods “ of Sephatvaim, Hena, and Ivah ? have “ they delivered Samaria out of mine hand? " 35. Who are they among all the gods “ of the countries, that have delivered “ their country out of mine hand, that the “ LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of “ mine hand ?” 36. But the people held
their peace, and answered him not a word for the king's commandment was, saying « Answer him not.” 37. Then cam Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which va over the household, and Shebna the scribe and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, t Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and tol him the words of Rab-shakeh.
CHAP. XIX. AND(y) it (2) came to pass, when ki A Hezekiah heard it, that he rent clothes, and covered himself with sale cloth, and went into the house of LORD. 2. And he sent Eliakim, whid was over the household, and Shebna scribe, and the elders of the priests, cover with sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet dhe son of Amoz. 3. And they said unto his “ Thus saith Hezekiah, “ This day is « day of trouble, and of rebuke, and blas ~ phemy: for the children (a) are come ~ to the birth, and there is not strength a “ bring forth. 4. It may be the Lao « thy God will hear all the words of Rab « shakeh, whom the king of Assyrials “ master hath sent to reproach the firing « God; and will reprove the words which “ the LORD thy God hath heard: where « fore lift up thy prayer for the remnant) “ that are left.” 5. So the servants o king Hezekiah came to Isaiah. 6. Ad Isaiah said unto them, “ Thus shall « say to your master, Thus saith « LORD, “ Be not afraid of the word « which thou hast heard, with which i « servants of the king of Assyria ha « blasphemed me. 7. Behold, I will see
(u) v. 34. “ The gods of the nations.” It was a persuasion amongst the heathens, that there were many gods, and that different gods presided over different nations.
(a) v. 34. “ Hamath, Arpad, Sepharvaim, “ Henah, and Ivah." Places Sennacherib had subdued.
(y) v.1. Almost verbatim with Is. xxxvii. post. Before Christ 710.
(z) v. I. “ It," i. e. “ the account he re“ ceived of Rabshakeh's message in the preso ceding chapter."
(a) v. 3. " The children, &c." Probably a proverb, for great weakness : in as feeble a state as that of a woman who has accomplished
her full time for child-bearing, but has a strength to bring forth. In Is. lxvi. 9. Gode represented as saying, “ Shall I bring to the « birth, and not cause to bring forth?" Dicas ing, probably, that whatever he has purpose he has power to complete.
(6) v. 4. “ The remnant," i. e. the Jews The ten tribes, the subjects of the kings of Israel, had been carried into captivity on about twelve years; and in the time of Aha Hezekiah's father, the Edomites had smitter Judah, and carried away captives, the Play stines had taken some of their cities and village and the Lord hąd brought Israel low. 2 Chr xxviii. 17 to 19.
a blast upon him, and he shall hear all their lands. 18. And have cast their rumour, and shall return to his own « gods into the fire : for they were no land; and I will cause him to fall by “ gods, but the work of men's hands, wood the sword in his own land.” 8. So " and stone : therefore they have destroyed b-shakeh returned, and found the king “ them. 19. Now therefore, O LORD Assyria warring against Libnah ; for he « our God, I beseech thee, save thou us
heard that he was departed from “ out of his hand, that all the kingdoms chish. 9. And when he heard say of “ of the earth may know that thou art the rhakah king of Ethiopia (c), “ Behold, he « LORD God, even thou only! 20. Then is come out to fight against thee :” he Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah, at messengers again unto Hezekiah, say saying, “ Thus saith the LORD God of g, 10. “ Thus shall ye speak to Heze “ Israel, That which thou hast prayed to kiah king of Judah, saying, “ Let not « me against Sennacherib king of Assyria, thy God in whom thou trustest deceive “ I have heard. 21. This is the word that thee, saying, “ Jerusalem shall not be “ the Lorn hath spoken concerning him, delivered into the hand of the king of « The virgin, the daughter of Zion hath Assyria, 11. “Behold, thou hast heard “ despised thee, and laughed thee to scorn, what the kings of Assyria have done “ the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken to all lands, by destroying them utterly : “ her head at thee. 22. Whom hast thou and shalt thou be delivered ? 12. Have “ reproached and blasphemed ? and against the gods of the nations delivered them 56 whom hast thou exalted thy voice, and -which my fathers have destroyed; as “ lifted up thine eyes on high ? even against Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and “ the holy One of Israel. 23. By thy the children of Eden which were in o messengers thou hast reproached the Thelasar? 13. Where is the king of « Lord, and hast said, “ With the mulHamath, and the king of Arpad, and “ titude of my chariots I am come up to the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of “ the height of the mountains, to the sides Hena, and Ivah ?” '14. And Hezekiah “ of Lebanon, and will cut down the tall ceived the letter of the hand of the « cedar-trees thereof, and the choice firessengers, and read it: and Hezekiah “ trees thereof; and I will enter into the ent up into the house of the LORD, and “ lodgings of his borders, and into the bread it before the LORD. 15. And forest of his Carmel. 24. I have digged, Iezekiah prayed before the LORD, and 6 and drunk strange waters, and with the aid, “ O'LORD God of Israel, which « sole of my feet have 1 dried up all the
dwellest between the cherubims, thou art ¢ rivers of besieged places, 25. Hast the God, even thou alone, of all the " thou not heard long ago, how I have kingdoms of the earth, thou hast made « done it, and of ancient times, that I heaven and earth. 16. LORD, bow " have formed it (d)? Now have I brought down thine ear, and hear : open, LORD,
or it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay thine eyes, and see ; and hear the “ waste fenced cities into ruinous heaps. words of Sennacherib, which hath " 26. Therefore (e) their inhabitants were sent him to reproach the living God, " of small power, they were dismayed 17. Of a truth, LORD, the kings of « and confounded, they were as the grass Assyria have destroyed the nations, and « of the field, and as the green herb, as the
(c) v.9.“ Ethiopia,” or “ Cush," in Arabia, Shuckf. 167. Hamm, on 87th Ps. p. 247. Wall. 261.
(d) v. 25. What is represented as Sennach-ib's insult ends at, “ I have formed it ;" and men follows God's answer, “ Now have I". .e. God) “ brought it to pass, &c.” Thou ast been nothing but an instrument of mine to ccomplish my purposes. In 16. x. 5. God calls
the Assyrian “ the rod of mine anger;" in Ps. xvii. 13, 14, the ungodly are called, “a “ sword of God's,” and “the men of his hand;" and in Ps. Ixxx. 17. God is appealed to, to take vengeance upon “ the man of his right hand,” and upon “ the son of man, whom he made se “ strong for himself.”
(e) v.26. " Therefore, &c.” Why? because it was God's work, and Sennacherib, his tool,
« grass on the house-tops, and as corn || and shall not come into this city, saith “ blasted before it be grown up. 27. But the LORD. 34. For I will defend this “ I know thy abode ( e), and thy going « city to save it, for mine own sake, and “ out, and thy coming in, and thy rage 6 for my servant David's sake.” 35. And “ against me (f). 28. Because thy rage it came to pass that night, that the angel “ against me, and thy tumult is come up of the LORD went out, and smote in the “ into mine ears, therefore I will put my camp of the Assyrians, an hundred four“ hook (g) in thy nose, and my bridle in score and five thousand : and when they “ thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the arose (1) early in the morning, behold, they “ way by which thou camest.” 29. “ And were all dead corpses. 36. So Sennache o this shall be a sign unto thee (b), Ye shall rib king of Assyria departed, and went, “ eat (i) this year such things as grow of and returned, and dwelt at Nineved. “ themselves, and in the second year that 37. And it came to pass as he was rele ( which springeth of the same, and in the shipping in the house of Nisroch his god “ third year sow ye, and reap, and plant that Adrammelech, and Sharezer his same “ vineyards, and eat the fruits thereof. smote him with the sword: and they “ 30. And the remnant that is escaped escaped into the land of Armenia ; and « of the house of Judah, shall yet again Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead. “ take root downward, and bear fruit upas ward. 31. For out of Jerusalem shall
CHAP. XXIII. “ go forth a remnant, and they (k) that AND the king (m) sent (n), and they « escape out of mount Zion: the zeal of the A gathered unto him all the elders el “ LORD of hosts shall do this. 32. There Judah, and of Jerusalem. 2. And the " fore thus saith the LORD concerning the king went up into the house of the Louny “ king of Assyria, “ He shall not come and all the men of Judah, and all tbe linhas « into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, bitants of Jerusalem with him, and the “ nor come before it with shield, nor cast priests, and the prophets, and all the people - a bank against it. 33. By the way that both small and great : and he read in their « hé came, by the same shall he return, ears all the words of the book () of the
(e) v. 27. “ Thy abode, &c."' i.e. pro. of Amon, grandson of Manasseh, and great bably, “ all thy ways, and acts, and motives.” | grandson of Hezekiah.
(f) v. 27. “ Thy rage against me," i. e. (n) v. I. “ Sent." B. C. 624. " thy disregard of my commands and power.” lo) v. 2. “ The book of the covenant.” 1.4
(8) v. 28. “ Put my hook, &c." i.e. “ treat without question, the five books of Moss 6c thee as man does an animal under his con They had probably been disregarded during “ troul : lead thee ignominiously like a beast the idolatrous reigns of Manasseh and Amo 6 wherever I think tit.”
Manasseh reigned 55 Years, and he did the · (b) v. 29. “ Thee," i, e. Hezekiah.
which was evil in the sight of the Lord, alta (i) v. 29. “ Shall eat, &c.” i.e. (perhaps) the abominations of the heathen, and seduce " ye shall find what groweth of itself sufficient the people to do more evil than did the heaths « for your sustenance both this year andthe next, and Amon reigned two years, and walked in “ and in the thirdy ear ye shall have full oppor. the ways of Manasseh. Amongst other for “ tunity to sow, reap, &c.” The second year was minations, Manasseh built up again the 15 the sabbatical, or seventh year, which, accord places for idolatrous worship, and reared y ing to Lev. xxv. 4. was to be “ a Sabbath of altars for Baal, and made a grove (for idolatrou “ rest unto the land, a Sabbath for the Lord;” worship) and set up a graven image of and the injunction for that year was, “ thou grove in the house of the Lord, and boy «'shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy altars in the house of the Lord, and worshippe « vineyard.".
all the host of heaven, and built altars for al (£) v. 32. “ They that escape,”' i. e. “some the host of heaven, in the two courts of ti " that shall escape;" the same as “a remnant." house of the Lord. See 2 Kings xxi. 3 to 4
(1) v. 35. “When they arose," i. e. “at the The making a grove near the altar of the Lord “ time of rising." This signal deliverance is made was expressly forbidden. Deuter. xvi. 21.38 the subject of many thanksgivingsin the Psalms. so was worshipping any of the host of heart.
(m) v. 1. “ The King," i. e. “ Josiah,” son | Deuter, xvii. 2 to 7.
venant which was found in the house of e LORD. 3. And the king stood by a llar, and made a covenant before the ORD, to walk after the Lord, and to ep his commandments, and his testi. onies, and his statutes, with all their art, and all their soul, to perform the ords of this covenant, that were written this book : and all the people stood to the venant. 4. And the king commanded lkiah the high priest, and the priests of e second order, and the keepers of the or, to bring forth out of the temple of e LORD, all the vessels that were made
Baal, and for the grove, and for all the ist of heaven ; and he burnt them without rusalem in the fields of Kidron, and car:d the ashes of them unto Beth-el.
And he put down the idolatrous priests, hom the kings of Judah had ordained to irn incense in the high 'places in the ies of Judah, and in the places round out Jerusalem, them also that burnt inase unto Baal, to the sun, and to the on, and to the planets, and to all the host heaven.' 6. And he brought out the ove (o) from the house of the LORD, thout Jerus alem, unto the brook Kidron, d burnt it at the brook Kidron, and mpt it small to powder, and cast the wder thereof upon the graves of the ildren of the people. 7. And he brake iwn the hou ses of the sodomites that were
the house of the LORD, where the woen wove hangings for the grove. 8. And
brought all the priests out of the cities 'Judah, and defiled the high places, where ę priests had burnt incense, from Geba to er-sheba, and brake down the high-places the gates that were in the entering in of e gate of Joshua the governor of the city,
which were on a man's left hand at the gate of the city. 9. Nevertheless, the priests of the high places came not up to the altar of the LORD in Jerusalem, but they did eat of the unleavened bread among their brethren. 10. And he defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech. 1]. And he took away the horses (9) that the kings of Judah had given to the sun, at the entering in of the house of the LORD, by the chamber of Nathan-melech the chamberlain, which was in the suburbs, and burnt the chariots of the sun with fire. 12. And the altars that were on the top of the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of the Lord, did the king beat down, and brake them down from thence, and cast the dust of them into the brook Kidron. 13. And the high places that were before Jerusalem, which were on the right hand of the mount of corruption (r) which Solomon (s) the king of Israel had builded for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Zidonians, and for Chemosh the abomination of the Moabites, and for Milcolm the abomination of the children of Ammon, did the king defile. 14. And he brake in pieces the images, and cut down the groves, and filled their places with the bones of men. 15. Moreover, the altar that was at Beth-el, and the high place which Jeroboam the son of Nebat who made Israel to sin (t), had made, both that altar, and the high place he brake down, and burnt the high place, and stampt it small to powder, and burnt the grove. 16. And as Josiah turned himself, he spied the sepulchres that were there
W v. 6. “ The grove," i.e. “ the graven he was old, they turned his heart after other image."
gods, for whom he built high places near (9) v. 17.“ The horses, &c.” and “ the cha Jerusalem: and for this sin God divided his riots of the sun,” kept perhaps, to carry some kingdom in his son's time, and gave the ten age or symbol of the sun in their processions. tribes to Jeroboam the son of Nebat. i Kings e post, note on Isaiah v. 18.
xi. 1. 4. 11. Such revolutions may the sins (r) v. 13. “The mount of corruption," of the great produce! led in the new testament, “ the mount of .. (1) v. 15.“ Made Israel to sin," by setting olives."
up two golden calves, as objects of worship, in (s) v. 14. “ Solomon." Solomon attached . Dan and Bethel, to prevent the ten trib:s from nself to many heathen women, of the Moa- going upto Jerusalem to worship. See 2 Kings es, Ammonites, Edomites, &c. and when ll xü. 26 to 33. and ante, 2 Kings xiii. 1. note.
in the mount, and sent, and took the bones in the land of Judah, and in Jerusalem out of the sepulchres, and burnt them upon | did Josiah put away, that he might perform the altar, and polluted it, according to the the words of the law, which were writter word (u) of the LORD which the man of in the book that Hilkiah the priest foun: Gnd proclaimed, who proclaimed these in the house of the LORD. 25. And lik words. 17. Then he said, “ What title unto him was there no king before him, tha “ is that that I see?” And the men of the turned to the LORD with all his heart, an city told him, “ It is the sepulchre of the with all his soul, and with all his might “ man of God, which came from Judah, according to all the law of Moses ; neithe « and proclaimed these things that thou after him arose there any like him. 26. No « hast done against the altar of Beth-el.” withstanding the LORD turned not fire 18. And he said, “ Let him alone, let no the fierceness of his great wrath (z), whes « man move his bones :" so they let his with his anger was kindled against Just bones alone, with the bones of the pro because of all the provocations that M phet (x) that came out of Samaria. nasseh had provoked him withal. 27. An 19. And all the houses also of the high the LORD said « I will remove Jadah als places that were in the cities of Samaria, « out of my sight, as I have removal which the kings of Israel had made to pro « Israel (a), and will cast off this city di voke the LORD to anger, Josiah took away, “ rusalem, which I have chosen, and and did to them according to all the acts “ house of which I said, “ My name shal that he had done in Beth-el. 20. And he « be there.” 28. Now the rest of the slew all the priests of the high places that acts of Josiah, and all that he did, are they were there, upon the altars, and burnt not written in the book of the chronies mens bones upon them, and returned to of the kings of Judah ? 29. In bis das Jerusalem. 21. And the king commanded all Pharaoh-nechoh king of Egypt wat op the people, saying, “ Keep the passover (y) against the king of Assyria, to the free “ unto the LORD your God, as it is Euphraces : and king Josiah went au 66 written in the book of this covenant.” him, and he slew him at Megiddo, wiel 22. Surely there was not holden such a he had seen him (b). 30. And his met passover, from the days of the judges that || vants carried him in a chariot dead from judged Israel, nor in all the days of the Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusaler kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah : and buried him in his own sepulchre : 24 23. But in the eighteenth year of king the people of the land took Jehoahaz ! Josiah, wherein this passover was holden son of Josiah, and anointed him, and ma to the Lord in Jerusalem. 24. Moreover, him king in his father's stead. 31. Jeboala the workers with familiar spirits, and the was twenty and three years old when wizards, and the images, and the idols, began to reign, and he reigned three month and all the abominations that were spied in Jerusalem : and his mother's names
(u) v. 16. “ The word, &c." about 330 years before. See ante, 2 Kings xiji. 2.
(x) v. 18. “ The prophet, &c.” in whose sepulchre the prophet from Judah and himself were buried. See ante, 2 Kings xiii. 30. 31.
(g) 0.21. “ The passover." The feast or. dained to commemorate the preservation of the Israelites when all the first born of Egypt were destroyed. See ante, Exod. xii.
(z) v. 26. “ Great wrath," God's denun. tiation by his prophets in the time of Manasseh was, “ Behold I am bringing such evil upon “ Jerusalem and Judah, that whosoever heareth “ it, both his ears shall tingle: and I will “ stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria, “ and the plummet of the house of Ahab: (i.e.
“ I will treat them as I have treated Israel
(a) v. 27. “ As I have removed Israel The captivity of the ten tribes, the king of Israel, occurred about 110 years bar Josiah's death. See ante, 2 Kings XVIII.
(6) v. 29. “ When he had seen him," “ when he came into his sight."