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Egyptians. 12. And (n) the LORD hardened « herb of the field, throughout the land of the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not « Egypt.” 23. And Moses stretched fork unto them; as the LORD had spoken unto his rod toward heaven, and the LORD ser Moses. 13. And the Lord said unto Moses, thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upa

Rise up early in the morning, and stand the ground; and the Lord rained hail un “ before Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus the land of Egypt. 24. So there wash « saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let and fire mingled with the hail, very grieven « my people go, that they may serve me. such as there was none like it in all the last " 14. For I will at this time send all my of Egypt, since it became a nation. 25.1 “ plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy the hail smote throughout all the lan. « servants, and upon thy people; that thou Egypt, all that was in the field, both “ mayest know that there is none like me and beast: and the hail smote every here « in all the earth. 15. For (6) now I will the field, and brake every tree of the fa • stretch out my hand, that I may smite 26. Only in the land of Goshen, where “ thee and thy people with pestilence; and children of Israel were, was there no hi « thou shalt be cut off from the earth. 27. And Pharaoh sent and called for Me " 16. And in very deed for this cause have and Aaron, and said unto them, “I had “ I raised thee up, for to shew in thee my " sinned this time : the Lord is righte “ power; and that my name may be de « and I and my people are wicked. 28. « clared throughout all the earth. 17. As “ treat the LORD (for it is enough) “ yet exaltest thou thyself against my “ there be no more mighty thunderings « people, that thou wilt not let them go? « hail; and I will let you go, and yes “ 18. Behold, to-morrow, about this time, " stay no longer.” 29. And Moses “ I will cause it to rain a very grievous 1. unto him, “ As soon as I am gone out “ hail, such as hath not been in Egypt, since “ the city, I will spread abroad my hus «« the foundation thereof, even until now. “ unto the LORD : and the thunder « 19. Send therefore now, and gather thy “ cease, neither shall there be any a « cattle, and all that thou hast in the field : « hail; that thou mayest know, how this for upon every man and beast which shall " the earth is the LORD's. 30. Bu « be found in the field, and shall not be W “ for thee and thy servants, I know the « brought home, the hail shall come down “ ye will not yet fear the LORD God “ upon them and they shall die.” 20. He 31. And the flax, and the barley that feared the word of the LORD amongst smitten : for the barley was in the the servants of Pharaoh, made his servants and the flax was (o) bolled. 32. But and his cattle flee into the houses. 21. And wheat and the rie were not smitten: he that regarded not the word of the LORD, they were not grown up. 33. And Me left his servants and his cattle in the field. went out of the city from Pharaoh, 22. And the LORD said unto Moses,“Stretch spread abroad his hands unto the Lost « forth thine hand toward heaven, that there and the thunders and hail ceased, “ may be hail in all the land of Egypt; upon the rain was not poured upon the eam « man, and upon beast, and upon every 34. And when Pharaoh saw that the

earth ind thy sear thee barley

(n) v. 1 2. “ The Lord hardened,” In this instance the hardening Pharaoh's heart is stated as God's act. In five former instances, upon other plagues, the statement is, either that “ his heart was hardened,” or that Pharaoh “ hardened his heart." See Exod. vii. 22.-Exod. vij. 15. 19. 32.-and supra verse 7. And after he had wilfully, and of his own act, so often withstood God's warnings, God might well, as a punishment, lead him on to further resistance, that he might even here still further feel the power he had so often disregarded. See 2 Hales, 184, note 191.

(c) v. 15, 16. Read, “ For now could I stretch out " my hand, and smite thee and thy people with pesti“ lence, and thou shouldest be cut off from the earth;

But in very deed for this cause have I preserved the
(i. e. forborn to destroy thee for thy former obetary
" to shew in thee my power : and that my name
“ be declared, &c." No pestilence was sent : its
likely, therefore, that any was threatened : and the
ject of these verses prubably was, to intimate that
could at once destroy, but that it better answered us
poses to reserve for further trial, and for further pussy
ment. “God knoweth how to reserve the unjust a
“ the day of judgment to be punished. 2 Pet. 11. 9.
Pole and Patrick in loco.-Hamm. note on Rom.
17. 18.-Kennic. Rem. 48.-2 Hales 192 .

(p) v. 31. “Bolled," i. e. “ coming to seed." the small pod which contains the seed.

ning to seed." WEI

servants.fore him: 2 of thy son, ande

sence.

Si

nd the hail, and the thunders were ceased, , Pharaoh : and he said unto them, “ Go e sinned yet more and hardened his heart, « serve the Lord, your God: but who are e and his servants. 35. And the heart of “ they that shall go ?” 9. And Moses 'haraoh was hardened, neither would he « said, “We will go with our young, et the children of Israel go; as the LORD « and with our old, with our sons, and ad spoken by Moses. (9)

« with our daughters; with our flocks,

“ and with our herds will we go : for CHAP. X.

“ we must hold a feast unto the LORD.”

10. And he said unto them, « Let the AND () the LORD said unto Moses, | « LORD be so with you, as I will let you

«Go in unto Pharaoh: for I (s) have « go, and your little ones : Look to it, hardened his heart, and the heart of his “ for evil is before you. 11. Not so: go servants; that I might shew these iny “ now ye that are men, and serve the

signs before him: 2. And that thou « LORD, for that you did desire.” And < mayest tell in the ears of thy son, and they were driven out from Pharaoh's pres of thy son's son, what things I have sence. 12. And the LORD said unto s wrought in Egypt, and my signs which Moses, “ Stretch out thine hand over the . I have done amongst them; that ye may “ land of Egypt for the locusts, that they - know how that I am the LORD.” 3. And « may come up upon the land of Egypt, Moses and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh, " and eat every herb of the land, even all nd said unto him, « Thus saith the LORD - that the hail hath left.” 13. And Moses - God of the Hebrews, How long wilt stretched forth his rod over the land of (thou refuse to humble thyself before Egypt, and the LORD brought an (t) east sme? Let my people go, that they may wind upon the land all that day, and all I serve me. 4. Else if thou refuse to let that night : and when it was morning, the

my people go, behold, to-morrow will east wind brought the locusts. 14. And "I bring the locusts into thy coast. the locusts went up over all the land of 6 5. And they shall cover the face of the Egypt, and rested in all the coasts of 5 earth, that one cannot be able to see Egypt : very grievous were they; before

the earth: and they shall eat the re them there were no such locusts as they, i sidue of that which is escaped, which neither after them shall be such. 15. For is remaineth unto you from the hail, and they covered the face of the whole earth, s shall eat every tree which groweth for so that the land was darkened, and they s you out of the field. 6. And they shall did eat every herb of the land, and all the o fill thy houses, and the houses of all thy fruit of the trees, which the hail had left : s servants, and the houses of all the and there remained not any green thing in

Egyptians; which neither thy fathers, the trees, or in the herbs of the field, < nor thy fathers fathers have seen, since through all the land of Egypt. 16. Then " the day that they were upon the earth, Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in " unto this day.” And he turned himself, haste ; and he said, “ I have sinned against und went out from Pharaoh. 7. And Pha “ the LORD your God, and against you. raoh's servants said unto him, “ How long “ 17. Now therefore forgive, I pray thee,

shall this man be a snare unto us? Let “ my sin only this once, and intreat the

the men go, that they may serve the " LORD your God, that he may take away * LORD their God: Knowest thou not “ from me this death only.” 18. And he is yet that Egypt is destroyed ?” 8. And went out from Pharaoh, and intreated the Moses and Aaron were brought again unto LORD. 19. And the LORD turned a mighty

(9) Upon this chapter see 2 Hales, 190 20 195

(r) v... “ The Lord.” In this and the other instances in which “ the Lord” occurs in this chapter, the Heb, is “ Jehovah."

(s) v. I. “ I have hardened.” See the preceding page, note on Exod. ix. 12.

(t) 0.13. “ East wind," and v. 19. “ west “ wind." Both preternatural ; for the winds there blow six months from the north, and six from the south. 2 Hales, 195.

strong west wind, which took away the 1 “ ginning of months : it shall be the first locusts, and cast them into the Red sea: “ month of the year to you. 3. Speal there remained not one locust in all the ye unto all the congregation of Israel coasts of Egypt. 20. But (u) the LORD « saying, In (y) the tenth day of this month hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would « they shall take to them every man a lamb not let the children of Israel go. 21. And - according to the house of their fathers the LORD said unto Moses, « Stretch out “ a lamb for an house. 4. And if the to thine hand toward heaven, that there " houshold be too little for the lamb, le “ may be darkness over the land of Egypt, « him and his neighbour next unto hi “ even darkness which may be felt." “ house, take it according to the number 22. And Moses stretched forth his hand to “ of the souls ; every man accordingt ward heaven: and there was a thick dark “ his eating, shall make your count la ness in all the land of Egypt three days. “ the lamb. 5. Your lamb shall be witb 23. They saw not one another, neither « out blemish, a male of the first year rose any from his place for three days : but “ ye shall take it out from the sheep a all the children of Israel had light in their « from the goats. 6. And ye shall keep i dwellings. 24. And Pharaoh called unto “ up until the fourteenth day of the sam Moses, and said, “Go ye, serve the LORD; “ month : and the whole assembly of the 6 only let your flocks and your herds be « congregation of Israel shall kill it (2) il « stayed : let your little ones also go with the evening. 7. And they shall take a * you.” 25. And Moses said, « Thou “ the blood, and strike it on the two side “ must give us also sacrifices, and burnt « posts, and on the upper-door-post of the « offerings, that we may sacrifice unto « houses, wherein they shall eat it. 8. AN " the LORD our God. 26. Our cattle also « they shall eat the flesh in that night; « shall go with us; there shall not an hoof “ roast with fire, and unleavened brak “ be left behind: for thereof must we take and with bitter herbs they shall eat t. " to serve the LORD our God; and we 66 9. Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at a « know not with what we must serve the « with water, but roast with fire: hi « Lord, until we come thither.” 27. But 66 head with his legs, and with the purthe LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he “ tenance thereof. 10. And ye shall let would not let them go. 28. And Pharaoh « nothing of it remain until the morning said unto him, “ Get thee from me, take 66 and that which remaineth of it until « heed to thyself, see my face no more : " the (a) morning, ye shall burn with fire « for in that day thou seest my face, thou " 11. And thus shall you eat it; eta “ shalt die." 29. And Moses said, “ Thou “ your loins girded, your shoes on your " hast spoken' well, I will see thy face « feet, and your staff in your hand: and « again no more." (x)

" ye shall eat it in haste : it is the LORD « passover. 12. For I will pass through

“ the land of Egypt this night, and wil CHAP. XII.

6 smite all the first-born in the land a AND the Lord spake unto Moses and « Egypt, both man and beast: and again A Aaron, in the land of Egypt, saying, “ all the (6) gods of Egypt, I will executat 2. “ This month shall be unto you the be “ judgment; I am the LORD. 13. And

(u) v. 20. 27. “ The Lord hardened.” See note on Exod. ix. 12.

(x) Upon this chapter see 2 Hales, 195 to 197.

(y) 0.3. The institution of the passover. 2 Hales, 197-8. B. C. 1491. . Dr. Hales 1648.

(z) v. 6. “ In the evening,” or “ Between “ the evenings," Heb. The Jews reckoned two evenings; one beginning at noon, the other at sun-set ; and the time with them for sacri

ficing the paschal lamb was between two and four in the afternoon. Park. Heb. Dict. 553 In Deut. xvi. 6, the command is to sacrifice ! « at even, at the going down of the sun," i.e. when the sun was declining, not settings Park. 553.

(a) v. 10. After “ the morning, the serie add, “and ye shall not break a bone thereot. That injunction occurs afterwards, verse 40.

(6) 0.12. “Gods,” or “ princes."

" the blood shall be to you for a token « and the two side-posts with the blood " upon the houses where you are : and is that is in the bason: and none of you " when I see the blood, I will pass over “ shall go out at the door of his house " you, and the plague shall not be upon “ until the morning. 23. For the LORD " you to destroy you, when I smite the “ will pass through to smite the Egyptians, 1 land of Egypt. 14. And this day shall - and when he seeth the blood upon the it be unto you for a memorial ; and you “ lintel, and on the two side. posts, the shall keep it a feast to the LORD, « LORD will pass over the door, and will throughout your generations : you shall « not suffer the destroyer to come in unto keep it a feast by an ordinance (c) for « your houses to smite you. 24. And ye ever. 15. Seven days shall ye eat « shall observe this thing for an ordinance unleavened bread, even the first day “ to thee and to thy sons for ever. 25. And ye shall put away leaven out of your “ it shall come to pass when ye be come houses : for whosoever eateth leavened « to (e) the land which the LORD will give bread, from the first day until the se " you, according as he hath promised, that venth day, that soul shall be cut off from « ye shall keep this service. 26. And it Israel. 16. And in the first day there 6 shall come to pass, when your children shall be an holy convocation, and in the « shall say unto you, “ What mean you seventh day there shall be an holy con « by this service ? 27. That ye shall say, vocation to you: no manner of work “ It is the sacrifice of the LORD's passover, shall be done in them, save that which “ who passed over the houses of the child. every man must eat, that only may be « ren of Israel in Egypt, when he smote done of you. 17. And ye shall observe “ the Egyptians, and delivered our houses." the feast of unleavened bread; for in this And the people bowed the head and wor. self-same day (d) have I brought your || shipped. 28. And the children of Israel armies out of the land of Egypt: there went away, and did as the LORD had comfore shall ye observe this day in your manded Moses and Aaron, so did they. generations, by an ordinance for ever. 29. And it came to pass that at midnight 18. In the first month, on the fourteenth the LORD smote all the first-born in the day of the month at even, ye shall eat land of Egypt, from the first-born of Phaunleavened bread, until the one and raoh, that sat on his throne, unto the firsttwentieth day of the month at even. born of the captive that was in the dungeon; 19. Seven days shall there be no leaven and all the first-born of cattle. 30. And found in your houses : for whosoever Pharaoh rose up in the night, he and all his eateth that which is leavened, even that servants, and all the Egyptians; and there soul shall be cut off from the congrega was a great cry in Egypt: for there was not tion of Israel, whether he be a stranger, a house where there was not one dead. or born in the land. 20. Ye shall eat 31. And he called for Moses and Aaron by nothing leavened: in all your habitations night, and said, “ Rise up, and get you shall ye eat unleavened bread.” 21. Then « forth from amongst my people, both you loses called for all the elders of Israel, and " and the children of Israel: and go, serve id unto them, “ Draw out and take you " the LORD, as ye have said. 32. Also a lamb, according to your families, and « take your flocks, and your herds, as ye kill the passover. 22. And ye shall take a " have said, and be gone: and bless me bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood « also.” 33. And the Egyptians were that is in the bason, and strike the lintel | urgent upon the people that they might

(c) 0. 14. “ For ever." The Jews keep it (e) v. 25. “The land, &c.” i.e. “ of Canaan.”

this day ; at the time of our Easter, when God promised Abraham, when he got into the Ir passover, our Lamb, whose blood induces land of Canaan, “unto thy seed will I give this od to pass over us without destroying us, Il “ land." Gen. xü. 7. ante. And see ante, sus Christ, was slain.

Exod. ili. 8. 17. (d) 0.17. “ Have I brought,” or rather will I bring." The Sept. is so.

send them out of the land in haste : for they said, “ We be all dead men.34. And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading-troughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders. 35. And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses : and (f) they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment. 36. And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they (g) lent unto them such things as they required : and they (b) spoiled the Egyptians. 37. And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six (i) hundred thousand on foot that were men, besides children. 38. And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. 39. And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough, which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened : because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry; neither had they prepared for themselves any victual. 40. Now the sojourning (k) of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. 41. And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the self-same day it came to pass, that all

the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. 42. It is a night to be much observed unto the LORD, for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their genera tions. 43. And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, “ This is the ordinance of the 66 passover : there shall no stranger ea “ thereof. 44. But every man's serier « that is bought for money, when they « hast circumcised him, then shall head “ thereof. 45. A foreigner, and an hind « servant, shall not eat thereof. 46.1 o one house shall it be eaten; thou shal “ not carry forth ought of the flesh abro « out of the house : neither shall ye brez “ a bone thereof. 47. All the congreg « tion of Israel shall keep it. 48. And “ when a stranger shall sojourn with the " and will keep the passover to the LORA 5 let all his males be circumcised, af " then let him come near and keep it; na “ he shall be as one that is born in de 6 land : for no uncircumcised person til “ eat thereof. 49. One law shall be o « him that is home-born, and untos “ stranger that sojourneth among you." 50. Thus did all the children of Israel; the Lord commanded Moses and Aaroa,

) v. 35. “ Borrowed,” rather “ asked.” 6 of their fathers;" and the Sept. mentato 2 Hales, 182. 199. It is so in the Sept. the Egypt before Canaan. They were not Vulgate, and the Chaldee. See ante note on Egypt above 215 years; and the sojourning! Exod. iii. 22.

Canaan must be included, to make up the 43 (£) v. 36. " Lent,” rather “ gave."

years. In Gal. iii. 17. St. Paul speaks of the . b) v. 36. “Spoiled.” God had told Abra in law" (which was given just after they ham, Gen. xv. 14. that they should “come out Egypt) as 430 years after the covenant, “ (from Egypt) with great substance." See promises to Abraham. The first promise ante, note on Exod. iii 22.; and a remuneration Abraham, “ in thee shall all families of was in justice due for their past labours. , “ earth be blessed," Gen. xi. 3. was

(i) v. 37. “ Six hundred thousand that were Abraham departed out of Haran, when he ma " men.” God had said to Abraham, Gen. 75 years old. Gen xii. 4. Abraham was 10 xv. 5. “ Look now toward heaven, and tell the years old when Isaac was born. Gen. 11.3 “ stars, if thou be able to number them; and Isaac was 60 at the birth of Jacob. Gen. xxv. 10. “ he said unto him, “ So shall thy seed be." And Jacob was 130 when he went to EgTpAnd again, Gen. xxii. 17. “ I will multiply Gen. xlvii. 9. So that from the first promise “ thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as to Abraham to the going down to Egypt “ the sand which is upon the sea-shore.”

215 years. And during all this time Abrahas (k) v. 40. “ Of the children of Israel," Isaac, and Jacob, were strangers and sojournal add," and of their fathers, which they so in the lands in which they dwelt. See G& “ journed in the land of Canaan, and in the land xii. 10.-Gen. xiii. 1. 3. 18.-Gen. XVII. & · UI Egypt, was 430 years." Kennic.Rem. 396. | Gen. xx. i.-Gen. xxi. 23.-Gen. XXm. -1 Prid, 419.-2 Hales, 199. The Sept. and Gen. xxviii. 2.-Gen. xxxi. 38. 41.-6 Samaritan are so, except that they omit, “ and xxxvü. I.

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