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say k) that we haveno sin, we de- || me. Then Peter turning about,
ceive ourselves, and the truth is seeth the (6) disciple whom Jesus 9. not in us. If we (1) confess our loved, following, which also
sins, he is faithful and just to for- leaned on his breast (P) at supper,
give us our sins, and to cleanse us and said, “Lord, which is he that 10. from all unrighteousness. If we 66 betrayeth thee?” Peter seeing 20
say, that we have not sinned, we him, saith to Jesus, “ Lord, and make (m) him a liar, and his word 66 what shall ) this man do?" is not in us.
Jesus saith to him, “If I will that 22
6 he tarry (r) till I come, what The Gospel. John xxi. 19. “ is that to thee? follow thou 20. Jesus (n) said unto Peter, Follow “ me.” Then went this saying :
“ fiery indignation.” And,“ if he that sin, and that there was no occasion for a “ despised Moses' law died without | sacrifice for him, that person is deceived. “ mercy, of how much sorer punish According to Rom. iii. 23. “ all have sin. “ ment shall he be thought worthy, who " ned, and fallen short of the glory of “ treadeth under foot the Son of God, “ God.” And we need not go beyond " and counteth the blood of the covenant common experience to be convinced that 6 wherewith he was sanctified an unholy there is no one, who has had the faculty “ thing." And according to Acts iv. 12. of knowing right from wrong, who has “ there is no other name under heaven not sinned, and stood in need of mercy “ given among men, whereby we must and forgiveness. 6 be saved." So that if a sinner will (1) "If we confess.” This is agreeable 0.9. not look up to the sacrifice and interces. to Prov. iii. 34. as quoted James is. 6. sion of Jesus Christ, to what can he look and 1 Pet. v. 5. “ God resisteth the up? The doctrine of Redemption by “ proud, and giveth grace to the Jesus Christ seems capable of an easy “ humble.” explanation. No man since the world (m) “Make him a liar," i.e. If we pre. D.13. began, with the exception of Jesus Christ, tend that the world was not in such a has lived without committing sin : each state of sin as to require such a sacrifice man, therefore, if judged upon mere prin as that of Jesus Christ, (when God has ciples of justice, would have some sin to by his conduct in sending Christ, asserted answer for, and instead of having a claim that it was), we contradict this his asserupon God for eternal life, would be tion, and treat it as false. amenable to him for some punishment. | (n) What is here stated occurred after To exempt him from this punishment, the Resurrection of our Saviour. and to give him as a boon that eternal (6) “ The disciple whom Jesus loved," v. 20. life which of himself he could never earn, i.e. John himself. He is therefore relating our Saviour, who did no sin, underwent a conversation at which he was present, the punishment of sin ; God accepted and which nearly concerned himself. that punishment instead of the punish (p)“ At supper.” That is, at that 9.10 ment to which each man would otherwise supper when our Saviour intimated to have been subject, and the sins of those the apostles, that one of them should who truly look up to Jesus Christ, and betray him. See Matt. xxvi. 21.-Mark obtain his intercession and mediation, will xiv. 18.—Luke xxii. 21. be blotted out, will not be brought into (9) "This man," &c. It should rather 5.11. account against the parties at the judgibe. “ become of this man.” Our Sa. ment seat of Christ. In this way God viour bad just been intimating to Peter, has laid upon him the iniquity of us all; that he, (Peter), when he should be old, and it is upon him the chastisement has should be crucified: and after that intimabeen laid, by which our peace has been tion the question is natural, what should obtained.
become of John ; and the answer here (k) “ If we say,” &c, that is, if pride 1 stated corresponds with that question. induce any one to think so highly of him (r) “Till I come,” that is, to the day .23 self, as to suppose that he was free from ll “ of the Lord," the time when he should
abroad among the brethren, That || their deaths; Mortify and kill all
I LOOKED, and, lo, a (t) Lamb one, I suppose that even the
stood on the mount Sion, and world itself could not contain the
with him an (u) hundred forty and books that should be written.
four thousand, having his Father's name written in their foreheads. And I heard a voice from heaven, 2.
as the voice of many waters, and The Innocents' Day.
as the voice of a great thunder : The Collect.
and I heard the voice of harpers O ALMIGHTY God, who out of harping with their harps : and 3• the mouths of babes and suck they sung as it were a new song lings hast ordained strength, and before the throne, and before the madest infants to glorify thee by four beasts and the elders : and
execute signal vengeance upon the unbelievers. See ante 25. St. John accordingly lived until long after the destruction of Jerusalem; but St. Peter is supposed to have been crucified before that event, viz. in Nero's reign, A.D. 68. It is observable, that St. John is the only Evangelist who does not give a detailed account of what our Saviour said as to the destruction of the Temple, and the signs of his coming; and there is this obvious reason for it: The other Gospels were published before that period, when it would be of consequence to the converts to know accurately what the signs were ; and St. John's Gospel was not published till long afterwards ; and then the detail of that account was no longer of the same importance. Matthew and Mark were both dead before the destruction of Jerusalem ; and St. Peter and St. Paul, who are supposed to have overlooked and approved of, one St. Mark's and the other St. Luke's Gospel, (Newton on Proph. 136-7), came to their deaths in Nero's time. St. John, it is believed, did not publish his Gospel
till A. D. 97, twenty-seven years after
(s) “ This is the disciple,” &c. The v. 24.
!t) For“ a Lamb," read “the Lamb, v. I. 1 “the Messiah, our Saviour, the Son of
“ God.” It is evident he is referred to, be-
(u)“ 144,000.” The same number as v. I.
no man could learn that song
The Gospel. Matt. ii. 13. but the hundred and forty and
four thousand which were re- | THE angel of the Lord appeareth 4. deemed from the earth. These to Joseph in a dream, saying,
are they which were not defiled “ Arise, and take the young child, with women; for they are virgins. " and his mother, and flee into These are they which follow the « Egypt, and be thou there until I Lamb whithersoever he goeth. | 6 bring thee word: for Herod These were redeemed from among 66 will seek the young child to demen, being the first-fruits unto 6 stroy him.” When he arose, he 5. God and to the Lamb. And in took the young child, and his mo
their mouth was found no guile: || ther by night, and departed into for they are without fault before | Egypt : and was there until the is the throne of God.
death of Herod,(x) that it might be
15. (x) “ That it might be fulfilled.” The || healed the sick, for the purpose of ful.
passage referred to is in Hosea xi. 1. || filling this prophecy, for the direct . When Israel was a child, then I loved meaning of this prophecy was, that he “ him, and called my son out of would take our sins upon himself, by “ Egypt;" and it has the appearance suffering for them upon the cross, and of referring to the early times of the it was rather a strain upon the words to Jewish history, speaking of the nation apply them to bodily infirmities and under the character of a son, or child, sickness. Again, in John xüïi. 18, our rather than looking forward propheti Saviour (intimating that one of his apos cally to the Messiah. Dr. Hammond, tles would betray him) says, “ I know Bp. Chandler, Dr. Benson, and many “ whom I have chosen, but that the scripother writers, suppose that St. Matthew Il “ ture may be fulfilled, " he that eateth did not mean to insinuate either that the 1 « bread with me hath lift up his heel passage in Hosea was intended to foretell “ against me;" and yet that passage this event, or that the event happened (which is in Ps. xli. 9.) appears to have to fulfil the predi&tion; but that all he referred to one of David's Friends only. meant was, that the passage in Hosea So in John xv. 24, 25, our Saviour says: might be applied to this event, as if he “ now have they both seen, and hated had said; so that in this instance also, as “ both me and my Father, but this well as in that to which the passage in Ho “ cometh to pass, that it might be ful sea really referred, it might be said, “Out “ filled which was written in their los, “ of Egypt, &c." See Chandler's De “ they hated me without a cause.” The fence of Christianity, 285 to 295. Sykes passage there referred to is in Ps. XXXV.19. on Hebr. Introduction, xxxi. Benson's i O let not them which are mine eneIntroduct. xxvi. The Greek words “ mies, triumph over me ungodly ; sciwould perhaps admit of the translation, - ther let them wink with their eyes, “ so that it was fulfilled," which corre " that hate me without a cause." This was sponds exactly with this supposition. no prediction that our Saviour should be There are other passages where that must “ hated without a cause," and it is ab. be the meaning of what is at present surd, if not blasphemous, to suppose, that translated, “ that it might be fulfilled.” the persons of whom St. John speaks, In Matt. viii. 16, 17, it is said that our were constrained or induced to hate our Saviour “ cast out the evil spirits with Saviour and the Father, that a supposed « his word, and healed all that were sick, prediction in this passage might be ful" that it might be fulfilled which was spo filled. The passage really means nothing “ ken by Esaias the prophet, saying, “ him more than this, that what David said “ self took our infirmities, and bare our of his enemies, “that they hated him with“ sicknesses;" and yet he could never “out a cause," might also be said of those mean that he cast out the spirits and | who hated Jesus Christ and God. So
fulfilled which was spoken of the “ forted, because they (a) are
Sunday after Christmas Day.
The Collect. forth, and slew all the (y) children Almighty God, who hast given that were in Bethlehem, and in us thy only-begotten Son to take all the coasts thereof, from two our nature upon him, and as at years old and under, according
this time to be born of a pure to the time which he had dili Virgin; Grant that we being re
gently inquired of the wise men. generate, and made thy children · Then (z) was fulfilled that which by adoption and grace, may daily
was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, | be renewed by thy Holy Spirit, 3. saying, “In Rama was there a || through the same our Lord Jesus
“ voice heard, lamentation, and Christ, who liveth and reigneth “ weeping, and great mourning; with thee and the same Spirit,
Rachel weeping for her chil ever one God, world without “ dren, and would not be com end. Amen.
Matt. xii. 35. Jesus is said to have spoken the obje&. In Matt. x. 34. when our to the people in parables, “ that it might || Saviour says he “came not to send peace “ be fulfilled which was spoken by the “ on earth, but a sword, and to set a “ prophet, I will open my mouth in “ man at variance against his father, and “ parables, I will utter things which “ the daughter against her mother,” he “ have been kept secret from the foun did not mean that this was his objea, « dation of the world;" and yet it though the misconduct of man might could never have been for the sake of make it, and probably would make it, a fulfilling the passage here alluded to that consequence. our Saviour spoke to them in parables, ()“ Children,”i.e. the male children ; v. 16. for the passage had no reference to our females could not be objects of his apSaviour, and was not spoken as a pro. prehension. phecy ; all, therefore, which was meant, (z) “ Then was fulfilled, &c.” The v. 17. was this, that what was said, Ps. lxxviii. 2. passage referred to is in Jer. xxxi. 15. and " I will open, &c.” would be true if | it relates to the lamentation of the Jewish applied to our Saviour. And Matt. xxvii. mothers for the murder of their children 35. the soldiers are said to have parted by the Assyrian army, and was not a our Saviour's garments, casting lots, that prediction of the distress there should be it might be fulfilled which was spoken for the murder of the infants by Herod; by the prophet, &c. and yet they knew it is, therefore, in effect, the same form nothing of the prophecy, and could have of expression as that commented upon had no intention of fulfilling it. Very many above, “ that it might be fulfilled, &c." other passages may be referred to, where and meant nothing more than that the the same mode of expression occurs, in description of the distress of the mothers which it could not have been the obje& in Jeremiah was equally applicable to the to fulfil any particular part of scripture, distress of these mothers. Chandl. Def. although it might happen as a conse
286. quence, that there were parts of scripture (a) “Are not," i. e. are dead. So when v. 18. which so far corresponded with what Joseph's brethren ineant to intimate that was done, that they might be said to have he was dead, the expression they used been thereby fulfilled. See Matt. xii. 17. was, he “ is not." Gen. xlii. 13. 32. There are also other passages, in which like Homer's “ Kislav Tulgoghos." what was merely a consequence is stated as
The Epistle. Gal. iv. 1. (6) 1 were under the law, that we mig! Now I say, That (c) the heir, as receive the adoption of sons. An long as he is a child, (d) differeth because ye are sons, God hat
nothing from a servant, though sent forth the Spirit of his Son int 2. he be lord of all; but is under your hearts, (i) crying, “ Abba
tutors and governors, until the “ Father.” Wherefore thou ar
time appointed of (e) the father. no more a (m) servant, but a son 3. Even so we, when we (f)were chil and if a son, then an heir o
dren, were in bondage under the God through Christ, 4. elements (g) of the world : But when the (b) fulness of the time
The Gospel. Matt. i. 18. was come, God sent forth his Son, The birth of Jesus Christ was 5. made of a (i) woman, made under on this wise : When as his mo.
the law, (k) to redeem them that ther Mary was espoused to Jo
(6) This portion of Scripture is altoge (b) “ Fulness of the time,” i.e. either ther figurative; the meaning is this : As God's own time, or the time to treat an heir to an estate, however valuable the mankind as in a state of manhood. estate may be, is kept in subjection dur (i)“Of a woman," probably alluding to ing his minority; so we, whilst we were his extraordinary conception, out of the in a state similar to that of an heir's mi ordinary course of nature, as mentioned, nority, that is, from the time of Moses Matt. i. 18. in the Gospel for the day. till that of Christ, were kept in subjec (k) “ To redeem," i.e. to free even the tion by the Mosaic ordinances; but now Jews, who before were under the law, we are advanced to the character of sons, from further subjection. It could never, and to what may be deemed manhood, we therefore, be necessary for the Gentile are freed from that subjection, and enti converts, who had never been under the tled to take possession of our inheritance, law, to submit now to its ordinances. which, from our being heirs of God In Eph. ii. 14, 15. Christ Jesus is said through Christ, is altogether spiritual, to have “ broken down the wall of parti. and has nothing worldly in it. The chief « tion between us,” (that is, between object of this epistle was to satisfy the Jew and Gentile) “ having abolished in Christian converts, that they were under 6. his flesh the enmity,”(that is, the cause no obligation to conform to the Mosaic which divided them, which kept them from institutions.
uniting) - even the law of commandv. 1. (c) “ The heir," i. e, any heir. “ ments, contained in ordinances ;" and v. 1. (d) “Differeth nothing from,” i.e. is as in Col. ii. 14. he is said to have “ blotted
much under controul and subjection, as " out the hand-writing of ordinances, much (to use the language of v. 3.) in Il “ that was against us, which was conbondage.
“ trary to us, and to have taken it out v. 2. (e) « The Father," i. e. his, the heir’s “ of the way, nailing it to his cross." father.
(1) “ Crying, &c." i. e, intitling you v. 3. (f) “Were children." St. Paul consi to call God your father. So Rom. viii. 15.
ders them, from the times of Moses to that St. Paul says, “ Ye have received the of Christ, as mere children in religion ; “ spirit of adoption, whereby we cry and in Gal. iii. 24. he accordingly calls “ Abba, Father. The spirit itself beareth " the law,” that is, the Mosaic in “ witness with our spirit, that we are stitutions, merely " a schoolmaster to " the children of God: and if children, “ bring them unto Christ.” Converts, “ then heirs, heirs of God, and joint heirs who were not far advanced in the doc “ with Christ, if so be that we suffer trines, &c. of Christianity, are called “ with him, that we may be also glorified “ babes in Christ.” i Cor. ii. 1.-Heb. “ together;" that is, if we boldly profess V. 13.—1 Pet. ii, 2.
and abide by our religion, in defiance of v. 3. , (8) “ Elements of the world,” i.e. the all danger and temporal considerations.
rites and ceremonies of the Mosaic law, 1 (m)“ A servant," i.e. in bondage to! which had little or nothing spiritualin them. ll the ordinances in the law of Moses.