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8 And he shall redeem Israel : Psalm cxxx. (9) .

from all his sins (t). Out of the deep (r) have I called unto thee, O Lord : Lord, hear Psalm cxxxi. (u) my voice.

Lord, I am not high-minded : 20 let thine ears consider

I have no proud looks. well : the voice of my complaint.

2 I do not exercise myself in 3 If thou, Lord, wilt be ex

great matters : which are too high treme to mark what is done

for me; amiss : O Lord, who may abide · 3 But I refrain my soul, and

keep it low, like as a child that is 4. For there is mercy with

weaned (x) from his mother : thee : therefore shalt thou be

yea, my soul is even as () a feared (s).

weaned child. s I look for the Lord; my

4 O Israel, trust in the Lord: soul doth wait for him : in his

from this time forth for ever word is my trust.

more. 6 My soul 'fleeth unto the Lord : before the morning watch, I say, before the morning watch.

MORNING PRAYER. O Israel, trust in the Lord; for with the Lord there is mercy :

Psalm cxxxi. (2) and with him is plenteous re LORD, remember David : and all demption.

his trouble.(a);

worthless, that no one gives himself the || 2 Chron. v. It notices David's anxiety trouble to gather it.

either to discover the ark, or to fix upon (9) An earnest prayer for deliverance, a place for receiving it, prays for God's concluding confidently that it would be favour for David's sake, mentions God's granted. This is one of the seven Peni oath unto David, and his blessing upon tential Psalms, and one of those ap Sion. It is one of the proper Psalms pointed for Ash-Wednesday.

for Christmas Day. v. I. (r) “ The deep," i.e. in the extreme (a) “ His trouble,” i.e. (probably) * of distress.

the pains he took to find where the ark v.4. (s) “ Feared,” i.e. reverenced, wor: was, to bring it up to Jerusalem, and to shipped.

prepare a place for it there. It was ii) “ Sins," i.e. (probably) afflictions, taken by the Philistines in Eli's time, sent as punishments for sin.

about 1140 years before the birth of (u) A profession of humility. This Christ. See i Sam. iv. 11. 22. The PloPsalm was probably used after the re listines sent it about from place to place, turn from the captivity, to remind the till the men of Kirjathjearim (which beJews of their own weakness without longed to Judah, 1 Chron, xiii. 5, God's assistance.

fetched it up from Bethshemesh, 1 Sam. V.3. (x) “ Weaned," and therefore low or vii. 1. It remained at Kirjathjearım

depressed, because deprived of food it 20 years, and all the house of Israel la. likes and is accustomed to, and driven to mented after the Lord, i Sam. vi. what it does not like, and to which it is No inquiry was made at it during the not accustomed.

days of Saul, i Chron. xii. 3. When V.3. () “ Even as," &c. i. e, as low, as David was king over all Israel, he con: much cast down.

sulted with the captains of thousands ang (z) A hymn and prayer, upon some of hundreds, and with every leader, and removal of the ark, perhaps upon its proposed to all the congregation of le removal into Solomon's Temple. See rael, to send abroad to their brethre

· 2 How he sware unto the || with righteousness : and let thy Lord : and vowed a vow unto the saints sing with joyfulness. Almighty God of Jacob;

10 For thy servant David's 3“ I will not come within the sake : turn not away the presence u tabernacle of mine house : nor of thine Anointed. o climb up into my bed ;

11 The Lord hath made a 4." I will not suffer mine eyes faithful oath unto David : and he " to sleep, nor mine eye-lids to shall not shrink from it; “ slumber : neither the temples 12 “ (c) Of the fruit of thy 6 of my head to take any rest; “ body : shall I set upon thy seat.

5 “ Until I find out a place | 1366 If thy children will keep 6 for the temple (6) of the Lord : “ my covenant, and my testimo" an habitation for the mighty “ nies that I shall learn them : « God of Jacob.”

66 their children also shall sit upon 6 Lo, we heard of the same at “ thy seat for evermore." Ephrata (c): and found it in the li 14. For the Lord hath chosen wood.

Sion to be an habitation for him7 We will go into his taber self: he hath longed for her. nacle : and fall low on our knees 15 “ This shall be my rest for before his footstool.

|“ ever : here will I dwell, for I
8 (d) Arise, O Lord, into thy | “ have a delight therein.
resting-place : thou, and the ark 16 " I will bless her victuals
of thy strength.

“ with increase : and will satisfy
9 Let thy priests be clothed 6 her poor with bread.

everywhere in all the land of Israel, and (d) The conclusion of Solomon's v.8.9.
to the priests and Levites in their cities prayer at the consecration of the temple, 10.
and suburbs, to gather themselves toge is nearly in the words of these verses,
ther, to bring again the ark of God unto 2 Chron. vi. 40, 41. “ Now therefore
them. See 1 Chron. xiii. 1, 2, 3. This " arise, O Lord God, into thy resting
was near 100 years after the Philistines " place, thou and the ark of thy
had taken the ark, and David might “ strength : Let thy priests, O Lord
therefore at first have some trouble in “ God, be clothed with salvation, and
finding out where the ark was. He at “ let thy saints rejoice in goodness. O
first removed it to the house of Obed “ Lord God, turn not away the face of
Edom only, where it remained three “ thine anointed : remember the mercies
months, i Chron. xii. 13, 14. and 2 Sam. of David thy servant."
vi.; but he afterwards brought it up in (e) When David proposed building v. 12.
great state, and placed it in a tent he had God a house, and God forbad it, he gave 13.
pitched for it, i Chron, xv. This there David this promise, « I will set up thy
fore is probably what is here meant by “ seed after thee, which shall be of thy
“ his trouble,"

“ sons; he shall build me a house, and I
(6) For “ a place for the temple” and “ will stablish the throne of his kingdom
“ an habitation for," the reading should “ for ever: I will settle him in my house
perhaps be “ the place of the tabernacle" « and in my kingdom for ever; and his
and " the habitation of.” What they " throne shall be established for ever-
heard of at Ephratah, and found in the “ more." See 2 Sam. vii. 12 to 16.-
wood, as in verse 6. was probably the 1 Chron. xvii. 11 to 14. See also 1 Kings
place where the ark then was, not the viii. 25. and 2 Chron. vi. 16. The pro-
place where it was to be.

mise in this Psalm, as well as that above
(c) “ Ephratah,” a district in Judea, cited from 2 Sam. and 1 Chron. is gene-
within which probably Kirjathjearim and || rally supposed to have meant that the
Jerusalem both lay,

Messiah should be of the seed of David,

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17 " I will deck her priests || mised his blessing : and life for 66 with health : and her saints evermore. 66 shall rejoice and sing.

Psalm cxxxiv. (m) 18 “ There shall I make the

BEHOLD now, praise the Lord: 66 horn of David to flourish : I

all ye servants of the Lord;
6 have ordained a lantern for
6 mine Anointed.

2 Ye that by night stand in

the house of the Lord : even in 19 “ As for his enemies, I shall

the courts of the house of our clothe them with shame : but

66 upon himself shall his crown
66 flourish."

3 Lift up your hands in the

sanctuary : and praise the Lord. Psalm cxxxiii. ()

4 The Lord, that made heaven Behold, how good and joyful a

and earth : give thee blessing our

of Sion.
thing it is : brethren, to dwell to-
gether in unity!

. Psalm cxxxv. (n).
2 It is like (g) the precious O PRAISE the Lord, laud ye the
ointment (b) upon the head, that Name of the Lord : praise it,
ran down unto the beard : even O ye servants of the Lord;
unto Aaron's beard, and went 2 Ye that stand in the house
down to the skirts of his clothing. of the Lord : in the courts of the

3 Like (i) as the dew (k) of house of our God. Hermon : which fell upon the 3. O praise the Lord; for the hill of Sion.

Lord is gracious : O sing praises 4 For there (?) the Lord pro unto his Name; for it is lovely.

and it is for that reason probably that the Prayer Book translation is right, it this Psalm is selected for Christmas Day. means, as refreshing as the dew is to the See also Ps. Ixxxix. 20 to 36.

hill of Sion, which rises upon Hermon, (s) A panegyric upon brotherly and falls upon Sion. union.

(k) “ Dew.” Dew and rain are fre- ;: v.2.3... (8) Like,” i.e. as gratifying, as de quently referred to as symbols of bless lightful.

ing. Thus, Deut. xxxii, 1, 2. “Give 2. (b) “ Precious ointment.” The oil “ ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak;

to anoint Aaron and his sons, to conse “ and hear, O earth, the words of my crate them that they might minister in “ mouth; my doctrine shall drop as the the priests' office, was made of pure myrrh, “ rain, my speech shall distil as the dew: sweet cinnamon, sweet calamus, cassia, “ as the small rain upon the tender herb, and olive oil, and it was poured upon the “ and as the showers upon the grass. head to anoint them, Exod. xxx. 23, 24. So Prov. xix. 12. “ The king's favour 30. and Levit. viii. 12. It must there " is like dew upon the grass ;" and Hos

fore have been a very rich perfume. xiv. 5. “ I will be as the dew unto Israel." V.3.

(i) The Bible translation is, “ as the See also Ps. i. 3. and Ps. lxxi. 6. “ dew of Hermon, and as the dew that (1) Instead of “ there,” the reading “ descended upon the mountains of should probably be “to that," viz. 1 “ Sion ;" and then the meaning is, as brethren's dwelling together in unity: refreshing as the dew is to the hills of (m) An exhortation and benediction Hermon and Sion, or any other high to the night watch in the temple at the hills, which do not long retain the mois shutting up of the gates, to excite them ture of rain, and therefore in those hot thanksgiving and devotion. countries must have been highly refreshed (n) An invocation to the praise of when heavy dews fell upon them. If | God, on account of the unlimited


4 For () why ? the Lord hath || 13 Thy (2) Name, O Lord, chosen Jacob unto himself : and endurech for ever : so doth thy Israel for his own possession. memorial, O Lord, from one

5 For I know, that the Lord generation to another. is great : and that our Lord is 14. For the Lord will avenge above all gods.

his people : and be gracious unto 6 Whatsoever the Lord pleased, his servants. that did he in heaven (p), and in 15 As for the images (a) of earth : in the sea, and in all deep the heathen, they are but silver places.

and gold : the work of men's 7 He bringeth forth the clouds hands. from the 'ends of the world : and 16 They have mouths, and sendeth forth lightnings (9) with speak not : eyes have they, but the rain, bringing the winds out they see not. of his treasures.

17 They have ears, and yet 8 He smote (r) the firstborn (s) they hear not : neither is there of Egypt : both of man and any breath in their mouths. beast.

18 They that make them are 9 He hath sent tokens (t) and like unto them : and so are all wonders into the midst of thee, they that put their trust in O thou land of Egypt : upon

them. Pharaoh, and all his servants. 19 Praise the Lord, ye house

10 He smote divers nations : l of Israel : praise the Lord, ye and slew mighty kings;

house of Aaron. 11 Sehon (u) king of the Amo. 20 Praise the Lord, ye house rites, and Og the king of Basan : I of Levi : ye that fear the Lord, andallthe kingdomsof Canaan (x); praise the Lord.

12 And gave their land to be 21 Praised be the Lord out an heritage (W): even an heritage of Sion : who dwelleth at Jeru. unto Israel his people.


of his power, his peculiar favour to the Israelites, and the instances in which he had exerted it over the heathen, with a

ridicule of idols, the gods of the heathen. 2.4. (c) So Ps. cxiv, 2. “ Judah was his

« sanctuary, and Israel his dominion.”. v.6. ( " In heaven," &c. The object |

in this and the next verse may be to shew the universality of God's power, in opposition to a notion of the heathen, that there were different gods over different places, elements, &c. When Ahab had smitten the Syrians, the servants of the king of Syria encouraged him to go up again against the Israelites, by saying, their “God is God of the hills, but he “ is not God of the valleys, therefore “ let us fight against them in the plain."

See 1 Kings xx. 21. 23. 28. v.7. (9) “ Lightnings,” “ rain," and

"s winds.” So that he has controul over
the elements to which they belong, fire,
water, and air, as well as over the earth.

(r) “He smote," &c. So that his v.8. power is also over the nations of the earth.

(s) “ The first-born,” &c. See Exod. v.8. xii. 29..

(0)Tokens," &c. They are enu. v.9. merated, Ps. lxxviii. 44 to 52. and 28 to 35.

(u)“ Sehon” and “ Og.” This was v.11. in the journey from Egypt towards Ca. naan, in the time of Moses. See Numb. xxi. 23 to 35.

(a) “ Of Canaan." In Joshua's time. v.11. See Joshua throughout.

() “An heritage." See Joshua xii. v.12. 1 to 24.

(2) A similar verse occurs, Ps.cii. 12. v.13. (a) “ The images,”' &c. A similar v.15.

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