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thee : according to the greatness | thy strength, and come, and help
of thy power, preserve thou those u$.
that are appointed to die.

3 Turn us again, O God : 13 And for the blasphemy (a) shew the light of thy countenance, wherewith our neighbours have and we shall be whole. blasphemed' thee : reward thou 4 O Lord God of hosts : how them, O Lord, sevenfold into long wilt thou be angry with thy their bosom.

people that prayeth ? 19 So we that are thy people, 5 Thou feedest them with the and sheep of thy pasture, shall bread of tears : and givest them give thee thanks for ever : and plenteousness of tears to drink. will alway be shewing forth thy 6 Thou hast made us a very praise from generation to gene- strife (f) unto our neighbours : ration.

and our enemies laugh us to

scorn. Psalm lxxx. (b) . .

7 Turn us again, thou God HEAR, O. thou Shepherd of of hosts : shew the light of thy Israel, thou that leadest Joseph countenance, and we shall be like a sheep : shew thyself also, whole. thou that sittest upon the cheru-| 8 Thou hast brought a vine (8) bims (c).

out of Egypt: thou hast cast out - 2 Before (d) Ephraim (e), Ben- | the heathen, and planted it; jamin, and Manasses : stir up 9 Thou madest room for it :


(a) “ Blasphemy," i. e. insult, in saying as in verse 10. " where is now their « God." Such insinuations against God are repeatedly called “ blasphemy." See Ps. X. 14.-Ixxii. 8.-lxxiv. 11. 19.lxxxix. 50.—2 Kings xix. 3.

(6) 'A prayer for deliverance, probably written in the time of Hezekiah, about 713 years before the birth of Christ, when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, who had taken all the fenced cities of Judah, (2 Kings xviii. 13.) came up against Jerusalem. See 2 Kings xviii. 19.--2 Chron. xxxii. 30. Is. xxxvi. and xxxvii.

(c) * Upon the cherubims." The ark, the symbol of God's presence, was no longer upon or between the cherubims at the time of the Babylonish captivity. So that this Psalm could not refer to that

to Jerusalem, where the Jews, that is,
those of the tribes of Judah, and the Ben-
jamites lived. See 2 Chron. xxx. 1.-
xxxi. 1. The mention therefore of
“ Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasses,"
agrees with the circumstances of those
times. It may be observed too, that in
the march through the wilderness in
Moses's time, the tribes of Ephraim, Ben-
jamin, and Manasseh marched imme.
diately behind the tabernacle, and had
that part just before them from which
God sent forth the tokens of his power..
(See Numb. ii. 17 to 22.) This fact,
therefore, might have been in the writer's
view, « 'as thou didst then display the
“ tokens of thy power and protection be-
“ fore Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasseh,
“ even so now stir up thy strength, shew
" the light of thy countenance, and come
" and help us."
(f) « Strife," rather jest.

(8)A vine,” i.e. the house of Is- v. 8.
rael; described Isaiah v. 7. under the
type of a vineyard, “ For the vineyard
« of the Lord of Hosts is the house of
“ Israel, and the men of Judah his plea-
66 sant plant."

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v. 2. (d) “ Before,”' i. e, in the sight of.
v. 2. (e) “ Ephraim,” &c. In the 6th year

of Hezekiah, about 721 years before the
birth of Christ, the Israelites (that is, the
bulk of the ten tribes who were under the
kings of Israel, and not under the kings
of Judah), were carried away captive by
the king of Assyria, but many of the
tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh went up

and when it had taken root, it || thou madest so strong for thy. filled the land.

self. 10 The hills were covered with | 16 () It is burnt with fire and the shadow of it : and the boughs Il cut down : and they shall perish thereofwere like the goodly cedar- at the rebuke of thy countenance. trees.

19 Let thy hand (k) be upon 11 She stretched out her the man of thy right hand : and branches unto the sea (b) : and upon the son of man, whom thou her boughs unto the river.. madest so'strong for thine ownsel

12 Why hast thou then broken 18 And so will not we go back down her hedge : that all they from thee : Q let us live, and we that go by pluck off her grapes ? shall call upon thy Name.

13 The wild boar out of the 19 Turn us again, O Lord wood doth root it up : and the God of hosts : shew the light of wild beasts of the field devour it. | thy countenance, and we shall be

14 Turn thee again, thou God whole. of hosts, look down froni heaven:

Psalm lxxxi. (1) behold, and visit this vine;

15 And the place of the vine- || SING ye merrily unto God our yard, that thy right hand hath || strength : make a cheerful noise planted : and the branch, that unto the God of Jacob. (b) “ Sea," i. e. the Mediterranean, and thanksgivings to God, reminding

and “ the river,” i.e. the Euphrates. See them of the deliverance from Egypt, and Ps. lxxij, 8. It is said of Solomon, insinuating that it was nothing but their 1 Kings iv. 24. that “ he had dominion disobedience which kept them from God's “ over all the region on this side the protection and from his choicest blessings “ river," i.e. between the Euphrates and According to Numb. x. 10. “In the Jerusalem, which lay nearly upon the “ days of their gladness, in their solerat Mediterranean.

“ days, and in the beginnings of their v. 16. () Dr. Kennicott' reads consume “ months, they were to blow with their

“ with fire those who are destroying it, " trumpets over their burnt-offerings, and “ let them perish, &c.;" and Mr. Street, “ over the sacrifices of their peace-other“ Those that burn it with fire and con « ings;" but in “ the seventh month, or “ sume it, let them perish," &c. Its “ the first day of the month, they were state had been described before.

“ to have an holy convocation ; they
(k) “ Let thy hand,” &c. This seems "'were to do no servile work, it was to
capable of two meanings ; either, ist, " be a day of blowing the trumpet
Give thy assistance as before to thy cho Numb. xxix. 1.-Levit. xxiii. 33,
sen people, the Jews, whom thou hadst And this day was accordingly calle
distinguished as though thou hadst placed Feast of Trumpets. On the tenth day
them on thy right hand, and whom thou of the same month was the day of ator
hadst made so strong, &c.; or, 2dly, Let ment, Lev. xxxiii. 27 to 32.--N
thy vengeance fall upon those to whom xxix. 7 to 11. and from the 15th to
thou hast given strength for no other 22d, after they had gathered in the fruk
purpose but to be the instruments of thy of the land, was the feast of tabernac
wrath. In Ps. xvii. 13, 14. the ungodly Levit. xxiii. 34 to 43.-Numb. xx.
are called “ a sword of God's," and 12 to 39. The object of this Psalm might
" the men of God's hand ;” and see be to fix their minds upon God and
Isaiah *. 5.

favour he had always shewn them,
(1) An hymn for the Feast of Trum cept in times of disobedience, before
pets, the first day of the seventh month, | great day of atonement.
calling upon the people to join in praises

2 Take the psalm, bring hither || « god be in thee : neither shalt the tabret : the merry harp with a thou worship any other god. the lute.

11 “ I am the Lord thy God, 3 Blow up the trumpet in the w who brought thee out of the new moon (m) : even in the time .|| “ land of Egypt : open thy appointed, and upon our solemn “ mouth wide, and I shall fill it. feast day.

12 “ But my people would not
- 4. For this was made a statute “ hear my voice and Israel
for Israel : and a law of the God Il " would not obey me.
of Jacob.

13 " So I gave them up unto
5 This he ordained in Joseph their own hearts' lusts : and
for a testimony : when he came « let them follow their own ima
out of the land of Egypt, and had 6 ginations.
heard a strange language.

14 “O that my people would
6“ I (n) eased his shoulder | “ have hearkened unto me : for
“ from the burden (0) : and his « if Israel had walked in my
“ hands were delivered from

“ ways, « making the pots.. .

15“ I should soon have put
7 “ Thou calledst upon me “ down their enemies : and turn-
« in troubles, and I delivered " ed my hand against their ad:

thee : and heard thee, what versaries.
s time as the storm fell upon 16 " The haters of the Lord
o thee.

" should have been found : 8“ I proved thee () also : at “ liars (r): but their time should " the waters of strife.

“ have endured for ever.
9 “ Hear (9), O my people, 17 " He(s) should have fed
" and I will assure thee, O “ them also with the finest wheat
“ Israel : if thou wilt hearken “ flour : and with honey out of
“ unto nie,

" the stony rock should I have
10 “ There shall no strange • satisfied thee."

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(m) « New moon." The reading Meribah, because the Children of Israel should perhaps be, “the beginning of the strove with the Lord, and he was sancti« month.” “See 3 Shuckf. Connect. fied in them. Numb. xx. I to 13.Pref. xx.

Xxvii. 14.-Deut. xxxiii. 8. (n) "1," &c. From hence to the end (9) “ Hear," &c. This (probably) v.9. of the Psalm, God himself is supposed was only calling to their recollection the to be the speaker. :

assurances he had made their fathers, in v.6.

(0) " The burden.” According to Exodus, (see Exod. xix. 5, 6.-XX. 2, Exod. i. 11. the Egyptians set task 3, 23.-and xxiii. 24 to 26.) And he masters over the Israelites, “ to affiet reminds them, in verse 12. that it was to “ them with their burdens.And accord. their disobedience that the calamities they ing to Exod. v. 4. Pharoah ordered them had experienced were to be imputed. to their burdens," viz. the making of (r) « Liars," i. e. in insinuating that 0.16. bricks.

he was not the true God. The same ex2.8. ) “ Proved thee,” i.e. (perhaps) pression occurs, Ps. lxvi. 2. " Through

gaye you a proof of my power and watch Il the greatness of thy power shall thine fulness over you. When the Israelites “ enemies be found liars unto thee.murmured for want of water in the wil () For “ he," the reading should v. 17. desness, and Moses smote the rock and

the rock and probably be “1.". produced a supply, he called the place


“ gods (a): and ye are all the || “ may be no more in rememno children of the Most Highest;" || 6 brance.” .

7 But ye shall die like men : 5 For they have cast their and fall like one of the princes(6), || heads together with one consent :

8 Arise, O God, and judge and are confederate against thee; thou the earth : for thou shalt L 6 The tabernacles of the take all heathen to thine inhe. Edomites, and the Ishmaelites : rilance.

the Moabites, and Hagarens;

7 Gebal, and Ammon, and Psalm lxxxiii. (c)

Amalek : the Philistines, with HOLD not thy tongue, O God, them that dwell at Tyre. keep not still silence : refrain not 8 Assur also is joined with thyself, O God...

them : and have holpen the chil. 2 For lo, thine enemies make dren of Lot (f). a murmuring : and they that hate 9 But do thou to them as unto thee have lift up their head. the Midianites (8) : unto Sise. 3 They have imagined craftily | ra (b), and unto Jabin, at the against thy people : and taken brook of Kison; counsel against thy secret(d) ones, 10 Who perished at Endor :

4 They have said, “ Come, and became as the dung of the " and let us root them out, that earth. " they be no more a people : 11 Make them and their princes « and that the name of Israel (e) like Oreb and Zeb (i) : yea,

"ctions will be cast down; and what hath and out of Zoba ; and they hired 32,000 " the righteous done ?"

chariots, &c. See 2 Sam. X. 6. and i. (a) “ Gods," i. e. as gods; supreme i Chron. xix. 6. It is observable, that in power, &c.

the instances referred to in the 9th and 1 (6) For “princes," the reading should 11th verses all occured before David's

probably be,“ poor," "outcasts.” It is time. saying nothing, (at least nothing in unison (d) “ Secret," i.e. chosen ; such as, v.3. with the context,) to say of the princes, according to Psalm xxvii. 5. he would that they should fall like one of the princes. “ hide in his tabernacle in the time of

(c) A prayer to God for assistance, at “ trouble, and in the secret place of his the time of some powerful combination of “ dwelling," &c. che heathen nations against Israel or (e) “ Israel.” Jehoshaphat was king v. Judah. It is generally supposed to have of Judah only. The kingdom of Israel, been written in the time of Jehoshaphat, or of the ten tribes, was in his time under (about 896 years before the birth of Ahab, and under Ahaziah his son. Christ), when the children of Moab, and (s) “ Children of Lot," i.e. the v. 8. the children of Ammon, and others, came Moabites and Ammonites. up against him to battle, and he pro. (g) “ Midianites." All their males v. Q. claimed a fast, and all Judah gathered and part of their women were slain ; the themselves together to ask help of the rest were carried away captive ; their Lord. See 2 Chron. xx. It might per cities were burnt; and their cattle and haps belong to an earlier period, before goods spoiled. This was in the time of the people were divided into two king Moses, about 1452 years before the doms, and passed under the general name birth of Christ. See Numb. xxxi. of Israel, see verse 4 ; possibly to David's (b) “ Sisera,” and “ Jabin.” This v. 9. time, about 1035 years before the birth occurrence was about 1316 years before of Christ, when the children of Ammon ll the birth of Christ. See Judges iv. sent to hire chariots and horses out of (i) • Oreb and Zeb,” “Zeba and v. 11. Mesopotamia, and out of Syria Maachah, l « Salmana.” About 1249 years before

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