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7 Shall they escape for their | merciful unto me; for my soul wickedness : thou, O God, in thy trusteth in thee ; and under the displeasure shalt cast them down. shadow () of thy wings shall be

8 Thou tellest my fittings; my refuge, until this tyranny be put my tears into thy bottle : are overpast. not these things noted in thy 2 I will call unto the most book?

high God : even unto the God, 9 Whensoever I call upon that shall perform the cause, thee, then shall mine enemies be which I have in hand. put to fight : this I know; for 3 He shall send from heaven: God is on my side.

and save me from the reproof of 10 In God's word (c) will I || him that would eat me up. rejoice : in the Lord's word will || 4. God shall send forth his I comfort me.

mercy and truth : my soul is 11 Yea, in God have I put my among lions. trust : I will not be afraid what 5 And I lie even among the man can do unto me.

children of men that are set on 12 Unto thee, O God, will I fire (8) : whose teeth are spears pay my vows : unto thee will I and arrows, and their tongue (6) give thanks.

a sharp sword. 13 For (d) thou hast delivered 6 Set up (i) thyself, o God, my soul from death, and my feet above the heavens : and thy glory from falling : that I may walk above all the earth. before God in the light of the | 7 (k) They have laid a net fx

my feet, and pressed down my

soul : they have digged a pit bePsalm lvii. (e)

fore me, and are fallen into the Be merciful unto me, O God, be midst of it themselves.

living.

v.10. (c) “ God's word.” See note on || tricated himself for ever from the hands verse 4.

of his enemies. 13. (d) The Septuagint translation is,

) “ Under the shadow," &c. The s.. “ Because thou hast delivered my soul,” taking refuge under the shadow or co&c. therefore will I walk," &c. making vering of God's wings is poetical; (** his service to God a return for God's

ante 255. note on Ps.xvii. 8.) and so is the protection to him. This passage, with address in verse 9. to the lute and harp. a little variation, occurs in Psalm cxvi. (g)“ Children of men that are set : 8, 9.

“ fire,” i. e. men of great fury, viole, (e) This Psalm is supposed to have &c. a strong figurative expression. been written by David, on account of his (b) Their tongue," &c. See note on ns. escape at the cave of Engedi. Saul went Ps. lv. 22. ante 309. out with 3000 chosen men to seek him, © “ Set up,”' &c. A burden to the . went into the cave where David was hymn ; shew thy superiority, by giving without perceiving him, and lay down to me deliverance. sleep there : David cut off the skirt of (K) This may allude to Saul's situation s. Saul's robe whilst he was sleeping, and in the cave ; he was endeavouring to get so shewed him, that had he wished it, he the opportunity of taking away David's might have killed him. It is one of the life; and the opportunity of taking away proper Psalms for Easter Day, probably his life was given to David. See note on because then our Saviour made his great Ps. vii, 16. ante 246. escape from the power of death, and ex.

8 (1) My heart is fixed, O God, || 3 The ungodly are froward, my heart is fixed : I will sing and even from their mother's womb : give praise.

as soon as they are born, they go 9 Awake up, my glory (m); astray, and speak lies. awake, lute and harp : I myself 4 They are as venomous as will awake right early (n). the poison of a serpent: even like

10 I will give thanks unto the deaf adder, that stoppeth her thee, O Lord, among the people :

ears; and I will sing unto thee among 5 Which refuseth to hear the the nations.

voice of the charmer : charm he 1 For the greatness of thy never so wisely. . mercy reacheth unto the hea 6 Break (g) their teeth, O vens : and thy truth unto the God, in their mouths; smite the clouds.

jaw-bones of the lions (r), O 12 Set up thyself, O God, Lord : let them fall away like above the heavens : and thy glory water that runneth apace; and above all the earth.

when they shoot their arrows, let

them be rooted out. Psalm lviii. (6)

7 Let them consume away like Are your minds set upon right a snail, and be like the untimely eousness, Oye congregation (p): fruit of a woman : and let them and do ye judge the thing that is not see the sun. right, O ye sons of men ?

8 Or ever (s) your pots be 2 Yea, ye imagine mischief in made hot with thorns : so let in. your heart upon the earth : and dignation vex him, even as a your hands deal with wickedness. thing that is raw.

(1) This and the following verses to (p) “ Congregation," i.e. of Saul's v.1. the end are nearly the same as the first | advisers or'instigators. five in Ps. cviii. which is one of the (9) “ Break," &c. Dr. Hammond v 6. Psalms for Ascension Day.

reads the verbs in this and the next two w.g. (m) « Glory," i. e. tongue, voice. verses as futures, not as optatives ; as

In Ps. cviii. 1. he says, “ I will sing and predictions, not as imprecations : “God “ give praise with the best member that I as shall break,” &c. " the Lord shall “ have."

“ smite,” &c. “ they shall be rooted 2.0. (n) For “ right early," Dr. Ham- || " out," " they shall consume away,"

mond, and after him Mr. Street, read | &c. " and not see the sun,” and “ so
“ the morning,” which is more poetical; « shall indignation,” &c.
and then it is like the idea in Ovid,

(v) “ The lions," i. e. those who are v.6.
“.... Vigil ales ibi cristati cantibus oris savage as lions. See Ps. lvii. it, 5. .
« Evocat auroram."

(s) “ Or ever,” &c. If this is the v. 8. And in Milton's Allegro,

right translation, the meaning may be, "... the hound and horn

*** as when your pots are made hot with “ Chearly rouse the slumb'ring morn."

“ thorns,"'' (which made the quickest 6) Reflections by David upon the and hottest fire, see Ps. cxviii. 12.) so condu&t of the persons who set or sup let thine indignation use and act upon ported Saul against him; a prayer for them as such a fire would act upon raw their discomfiture, or a prediction that meat ; or, perhaps, for “ a thing that is it would occur, and a confident assump “ raw," the reading should be “ a livtion that they would be signally pu Il « ing animal.” They had two kinds nished.

of fuel in Palestine, dried dung, and

9 The righteous shall re- 10 So that a man shall say, joice (t), when he seeth the ven. | 6 Verily there is a reward for geance ; he shall wash (u) his l “ the righteous : doubtless, there footsteps in the blood of the un Il " is a God that judgeth the godly.

« earth.” Lessons for the Eleventh Day of the Month throughout the Year. January 11. February 11. March 11. 1 April 11. Morn. Gen. 19. Morn, Lev. xviii. Morn. Josh. ii. Morn. I Sam.xxv. Matt. ix. (1) Mark xi.

Luke xxii,(2)

Acts viii. ()
Even. Gen. xx. Even. Lev. xix. Even. Josh. iii. Even. I Sam. Xavi
Rom. ix.
2 Cor. vij.

1 Thess. ii. Heb. xii.

May 11.
June 11.
July 11.

August 11. Morn. 2 Kings iv. Morn. Ecclus.x. Morn. Eccles.i. Morn. Jer. I. Matt. ix. (4) Acts xiv.

Luke xxiii.(6) Ads ix. (7) Even. 2 Kings y. Even. Ecclus. xii. | Even. Eccles. ii. Even. Jer. li.

Rom. x. (5) Acts xv.to v.36. Thess. iii. Jam. i. (8)

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wood or thorns; the latter made the ll that he was not included in the destrucquicker fire, and gave the stronger heat. || tion, the other that he is delivered ime The same idea occurs in Ps. xxi. o. Il the oppression, &c. of those on whom “ Thou shalt make them like a fiery did fall. 56 oven in time of thy wrath ; the Lord (u) “ Wash,” &c. i.e. the destruco try « shall destroy them in his displeasure, tion shall be such, that he shall have the " and the fire shall consume them.” The opportunity even of washing his feet in Bible translation is, “ Before your pots the blood of the slain. So Ps. lxvil. 23, “ can feel the thorns," (which was pro God is represented as having promis bably a proverbial expression to denote to bring again his people with such verextreme suddenness) " he shall take geance upon their adversaries, "that to " them away as with a whirlwind, both “ foot may be dipped in the blood of & living, and in his wrath." No doubt " thine enemies, and that the tongue the object is either to pray that some " thy dogs may be red through the very heavy judgment might fall upon “same." 'them, or to foretell that it would.

(a) A prayer for deliverance from 9. () “ Rejoice.” He would have two some' unjust attack, expressing the ble

grounds for being thankful; the one" inost confidence that God would grant

any offence or fault of me, O || people forget it : but scatter them Lord.

abroad among the people, and 4 They run and prepare them put them down, O Lord, our selves without my fault(): arise defence. thou therefore to help me, and | 12 For the sin of their mouth, behold.

|| and for the words of their lips, 5 Stand up, O Lord God of they shall be taken in their pride : hosts, thou God of Israel, to and why ? their preaching is of visit all the heathen (z) : and be 1 cursing and lies. not merciful unto them that of- || 13 Consume them in thy fend of malicious wickedness. wrath, consume them, that they

6 They go to and fro in the may perish : and know that it is evening : they grin like a dog, God that ruleth in Jacob, and and run about through the city, unto the ends of the world.

7 Behold, they speak (a) with 14 (f) And in the evening they their mouth, and swords (6) are will return : grin like a dog, and in their lips : for “ who doth will go about the city. " hear (c)?"

15 They will run here and 8 But thou, O Lord, shalt there for meat : and grudge if have them in derision : and thou || they be not satisfied. shalt laugh all the heathen to 16 As for me, I will sing of scorn.

thy power, and will praise thy 9 My strength will I ascribe mercy betimes in the morning : unto thee : for thou art the God' || for thou hast been my defence of iny refuge.

and refuge in the day of my Jo God sheweth me his good trouble. ness p lenteously : and God shall 17 Unto thee, O my strength, let me see my desire (d) upon will I sing : for thou, O God, mine enemies.

art my refuge, and my merciful 11. Slay them not (e), lest my God.'

it. It is supposed by some to have been written by David when Saul sent messengers to his house to watch and kill him, and Michal his wife let him down through a window. See i Sam. xix. Others suppose that it was written in Hezekiah's time, when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, sent Rabshakeh to Je

rusalem with a great army. 4. (v) “ Without my fault," i. e. with

out any fault in me. 5. (z) “ Heathen," i. e. perhaps, wicked

probably the words of the wicked ; as
in Ps. x. 12. 14. “ Tush, God hath for.
“ gotten, he hideth away his face, and
“ he will never see it,” &c.

(d) “ See my desire.” See Psalm v. 1o. liv, 7. ante 307.

(e) “ Slay them not,&c. i. e. (per. v.II. haps) not in an ordinary way: not in such a way as that my people may forget it; he prays in verse 13. that they may be consumed, &c. and it would be inconsistent to be praying here that they should not be slain at all.

(f) The Bible translation is (taunt. v.14. ingly) “Let them return, &c. and go 15. “ about the city ; let them run,” &c. Let that be their punishment, which, according to verse 6. is now part of their offence.

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7. (a) “ They speak," &c. i. e. when

they speak, it is as if swords were in their lips, what they say is so destruc

tive. 7. (6) “ Swords,” &c. See note on Ps.

lv. 22, ante 309. 7. (c) “ Who doth hear.” These are

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delivered : help me with thy right

hand, and hear me. O God, thou hast cast us out, 6 (k) God hath spoken in his and scattered us abroad : thou holiness, “I will rejoice and hast also been displeased; O turn “ divide Sichem : and mete ou thee unto us again.

of the valley of Succoth. 2 Thou hast moved the land, 7 " Gilead is mine, and Maand divided it : heal the sores “ nasses is mine : Ephraim alse thereof, for it shaketh.

6 is the strength of my head; 3 Thou hast shewed thy people “ Judah is my lawgiver; heavy things : thou hast given 8 “Moab is my washpot; Over us a drink (b) of deadly wine. “ Edom will I cast out my shoe:

4 Thou () hast given a token | “ Philistia (1),bethou glad of me." for such as fear thee : that they 9 Who will lead me into the may triumph, because of the strong city : who will bring me truth.

into Edom? 5 Therefore were thy beloved 10 (m) Hast not thou cast us

(8) This Psalm is supposed to have been written by David. It refers to some great distresses the people had had, notices an assurance God had given Da. vid that he should reduce the neighbour. ing nations to subjection, and expresses a conviction that God's assistance would secure him success. It was probably written soon after David was anointed king over Israel. Upon the battle in which Saul was slain, many of the Israelites deserted their cities, and left them to the Philistines, who dwelt in them. David was at first king over the house of Judah only, and one of Saul's sons, Ishbosheth, was made king over the rest of Israel ; there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David, and it was not until after he had reigned seven years and six months over Judah that David was made king over all Israel. It is probably therefore to these events that David alludes in the early part of the Psalm. The last eight verses are nearly the same as the last eight in Ps. cvii.

(b) A drink,” &c. A figurative expression for great affliction. So Is. li. 17. “ Awake, awake, stand up, o “ Jerusalem, which hast drank at the “ hand of the Lord the cup of his fury, " thou hast drunken the dregs of the cup “ of trembling, and wrung them out." See also Is. li. 22.-Jer. xxv, 15. So our Saviour repeatedly speaks of his af. Ai&tions under the figure of “a cup." Thus, Matt. XX. 22. he puts the question to Zebedee's children, * Are ye able to

« drink of the cup that I shall drink of." | In Luke xxii. 42. his prayer in the gar.

den at the time of his agony, was, "Fa“ ther, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me ;" and John xviii. 11. The cup which my father hath gives “ me, shall I not drink it?" See also Ps. lxxv. 9, 10.

(i) Read, But thou hast given," &c.

(k) The right reading may perhaps be 2.0 “ God hath given me this assurance in “ his sanctuary, I shall rejoice and di

vide Sichem," &c. &c. and then the meaning is, I shall divide, i.e. have under my dominion, Sichem and Succoth; G lead, Manasses, Ephraim, and Judah are already mine ; I shall have the same power over Moab as over my wash.pot; I shall be able to tread Edom under my feet, and Philistia shall be so completely subdued unto me, as to be glad to her me to rule over her. Or God may considered as speaking, and David met understand that be was to be the insure ment in God's hand to subdue these powers.

(1) “ Philistia," &c. In Ps. cvii. 9. the expression is, “ Upon Philistia will “ I triumph.” The meaning here pro. bably is, be thou glad of me as thy mate ter, to be under my controul and govery, ment. So Ps. lxxxix. 12. “ Tabor and “ Hermon shall rejoice in thy name."

(m) The reading should perhaps be | “ Hast thou then cast us out, OG

&c.

ud perhaps be, .. la

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