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sinned, and done this evil in thy || thy help again : and stablish me
sight : that thou mightest be jus with thy free Spirit.
tified in thy saying, and clear 13 Then (r) shall I teach thy
when thou art judged. .

ways unto the wicked : and sin5 Behold, I was shapen in ners shall be converted unto thee. wickedness ; and in sin hath my 14 Deliver me from bloodmother conceived me.

guiltiness (s), O God, thou that 6 But lo, thou requirest truth art the God of my health : and in the inward parts(1): and shalt my tongue shall sing of thy make (m) me to understand wis || righteousness. dom secretly.

15 Thou shalt open my lips, 7 Thou shalt purge me with O Lord : and my mouth shall hyssop (n), and I shall be clean : shew thy praise. thou shalt wash me, and I shall 16 For thou desirest no sacrifice, be whiter than snow.

else would I give it thee: but thou 8 Thou shalt make me hear delightest not in burnt-offerings. of joy and gladness : that the 17 The sacrifice(t) of God is bones (O), which thou hast bro. a troubled spirit : a broken and ken, may rejoice...

contrite heart, O God, shalt thou 9 Turn thy face from my sin not despise. and put out all my misdeeds.

18 O be favourable and gra. 10 Make me a clean heart(o), cious unto Sion (u) : build thou O God : 'and renew (g) a right the walls of Jerusalem. spirit within me.

19 Thenshalt thou be pleased( x) 11 Cast me not away from thy with the sacrifice of righteousness, presence : and take not thy Holy with the burnt-offerings and obSpirit from me.

lations : then shall they offer 12 O give me the comfort of young bullocks upon thine altar.

“ sins," (for according to 2 Sam. xii. 12. misery may be ended, that I may again God says of them to David, “ Thou didst be able to enjoy delights. “ it secretly'') “ so that thou art right 6) Clean heart," i.e. right within ; v. 10. "in imputing them to me, and just in not externally only. u condemning me.”

(9) “ Renew." See ante 161. note on v. 10. V. 6. (l) • Inward parts.” It is truly re John iii. 3.

marked of our religion, that it puts the (r) “Then,” &c. i. e. then shall I v. 13, restraint where it ought to be, not upon have additional grounds for teaching sinthe actions ouly, but upon the thoughts. ners : what is exemplified in me may inIf wicked thoughts are indulged, how fuence them; and the comforts I receive much must the difficulty of abstaining from repentance, will induce other sinners from wicked actions be increased ?

to repent also. v. 6.

(m) “ Shalt make,” &c. Query, if (s) “ Blood-guiltiness," i, e. bringing v. 14. the meaning be not,“ expectest wisdom” about Uriah's death. (i. e. righteousness)“ in our secret (t) “ The sacrifice,” &c. See Ps. 1. v. 17. " thoughts?”

13, 14. ante 303. and note there. 0.7. (n) « With hyssop.” According to (u) - Unto Sion," &c. that his v.18.

Numb. xix. 18. where persons were de country might not suffer for his sins. filed, hyssop was to be dipped in water, (x) “ Be pleased," &c. i. e. there v. 19. and they were to be sprinkled with it, to shall be the sacrifice of the heart, and a

purify them, and make them clean. great number of other offerings, to ex0.8. (6) “ The bones,” &c. This is a figura press our gratitude, &c.

tive expression ; the meaning is, that my !

Psalm lii. G

11 ing, and root thee out of the land Why boastest thou thyself, thou || of the living. tyrant : that thou canst do mis y The righteous also shall see chief;

this, and fear : and shall laugh 2 Whereas (z) the goodness of

him to scorn; God : endureth yet daily?

8 (6) "Lo, this is the man that 3 Thy tongue imagineth wick.

« took not God for his strength : edness : and with lies thou cut

66 but trusted unto the multitude test (a) like a sharp razor.

“ of his riches, and strengthened 4 Thou hast loved unrighteous

“ himself in his wickedness.” ness more than goodness : and to

9 As for me, I am like a green talk oflies more than righteousness.

olive-tree in the house of God: 5 Thou hast loved to speak all

my trust is in the tender mercy of words that may do hurt : 0 thou

God for ever and ever. false tongue!

10 I will always give thanks 6 Therefore shall God destroy unto thee (c) for that thou hast thee for ever : he shall take thee,

| done : and I will hope in thy and pluck thee out of thy dwell. | Name, for thy saints like it well.

Lessons for the Tenth Day of the Month throughout the rear. January 10. February 10. March 10. April 10. | Morn. Gen. xvii. | Morn. Exod. xxxiii. Morn. Deut.xxxiv. Morn. 1 Sam. xxiii. Matt. viii. (1) Mark x.

Luke xxi.(4) Acts vii. (5) Even. Gen. xviii. | Even. Exod.xxxiv. Even. Josh. i. Even. 1 Sam. xxiv. Rom. viii.(2) 2 Cor. vi. (3)

Thess. i.

Heb. xii.
May 10.
June 10.
July 10.

August x. Morn. 2 Kings ii. Morn. Job xiv. Morni. Prov. xxix. Morn. Jer. xlviii. Matt. viii. (6

Mark xi.

Luke xxii. (7) Acts viii. (8/ Even. 2 Kings iii. Even. Job xv. Even. Prov. xxxi. Even. Jer. xlix. Rom. ix. 2 Cor. viii.

Thess. ii.

Heb. xii.

September 10. 1 October 10. November 10. December 10 Morn. Micah ii. Morn. Judith xi. Morn. Eccl. xxxiii. Morn. Isaiah xxxi. Matt. xi. (9) Mark xii.

John ü.(10) Atts x.(11 Even. Micah iii. Even. Judith xii. Even. Eccl. xxxiv. Even. Isaiah XXXIV Rom. xi. 2 Cor. ix. 2 Thess. i.

James 117. (1) ante 57.61. (2) ante 181. 190. (3) ante 81. (4) ante 29. (5) ante 3% (6) ante 37.61. (7) ante 109. (8) ante 158. (9) ante 31. 81. (10) ante 50. (11) ante 128. 156.

() This Psalm is supposed to have ll about 1062 years before the birth of been written by David against Doeg the Christ. Edomite, for having falsely accused (z) - Whereas,'" &c. The meaning Ahimelech, the priest, of inquiring of probably is, why do you act so much God for David against Saul, in conse

in opposition to God's example ? why do quence of which Saul gave an order for you make mischief your boast, when his slaying Ahimelech and all the priests : delight is to do good ? and Doeg executed it, by slaying 85 (a)“Cuttest,” &c. See note on Ps.lv.22. priests, and smiting their city, both men (6) These are the words it was supand women, children and sucklings, and posed the righteous might use at Doeg's oxen and asses, and sheep, with the edge downfall. of the swoid. See i Sam. xxii. This was (c) “ Thee,” i.e. God.

given unto Israel out of Sion : EVENING PRAYER, Oh, that the Lord would deliver

his people out of captivity (8)! Psalm liï. (d)

8 Then should Jacob rejoice : The foolish body hath said in and Israel should be right glad. his heart : “ There is no God.” 2 Corrupt are they, and be.

Psalm liv. (b) come abominable in their wicked. ness : there is none that doeth | Save me, O God, for thy Name's good.

sake : and avenge me in thy 3 God looked down from hea strength. ven upon the children of men : 2 Hear my prayer, O God : to see if there were any that and hearken unto the words of would understand (e), and seek

my mouth. after God.

3 For strangers are risen up 4 But they are all gone out of | against me : and tyrants, which the way, they are altogether be.

have not God before their eyes, come abominable : there is also seek after my soul. none that doeth good, no, not 4 Behold, God is my helper : one.

the Lord is with them (i) that up5 Are not they without under hold my soul. standing, that' work wickedness : 5 He shall reward evil unto eating up my people as if they

mine enemies : destroy thou them would eat bread ? they have not

in thy truth. called upon God.

6 An offering of a free heart 6 They were afraid where no will I give thee, and praise thy fear (f) was : for God hath bro Name, O Lord : because it is so ken the bones of him that be comfortable. sieged' thee; thou hast put them 7 For he hath delivered me to confusion, because God hath

| out of all my trouble : and mine despised them.

eye hath seen his desire (k) upon 9 Oh, that the salvation were mine enemies.

1

(d) Upon the blasphemy, wickedness, &c. of those against whom the Psalm is written, with an allusion to some discomfiture they had experienced, and a prayer for deliverance. It is nearly the same as the 14th Psalm.

(e) Would understand," i.e. had a right mind, true wisdom, the wisdom of seeking after God.

(f)" No fear," i. e, no real cause for fear; no danger.

(8) ~ Captivity.” This may mean nothing more than “ distress."

(b) A short prayer for deliverance, with a thankful conclusion, as though it had been granted. It is supposed to have been written by David, when the Ziph

ites informed Saul where he was, and Sauk and his men compassed David round about in the wilderness of Maon, but was drawn off by an invasion of the Philistines. See 1 Sam. xxiii. 25 to 28. The first three verses are considered as written whilst Saul was coming against him, the fourth and fifth when Saul was called off, and the last two when the danger was quite over. It is one of the proper Psalms for Good-Friday.

(0) “ With them,” &c. i.e. it is he v.4. that upholds, &c. he is one of them that upholds.

(k) “ Seen his desire,” &c. The same expression, Ps. lix. 10.—Ps. xcii. 10.Ps. cxii. 8.--Ps. cxviii. 7.

mischief also and sorrow are in Psalm lv. (1)

the midst of it. Hear my prayer, O God : and 1 Wickedness is therein : hide not thyself from my peti deceit and guile go not out of tion.

their streets. 2 Take heed unto me, and hear L 12 For it is not an open ene me : how I mourn in my prayer, || my, that hath done me this disand am vexed.

honour : for then I could have 3 The enemy crieth sò, and the || borne it. ungodly cometh on so fast : for 13 Neither was it mine adver. they are minded to do me some sary, that did magnify himself mischief, so maliciously are they against me : for then peradvenset against me.

ture I would have hid myself 4. My heart is disquieted within from him ; me: and the fear of death is fallen 14 But it was even thou (n), upon me.

my companion : my guide, and 5 Fearfulness and trembling mine own familiar friend. are come upon me : and an hor. 15 We took sweet counsel torible dread hath overwhelmed me. gether : and walked in the house

6 And I said, “O that I had of God as friends. 6 wings like a dove : for then 16 Let death come hastily “ would I flee away, and be at upon them, and let them go down rest.

quick into hell : for wickedness 7 “Lo, then would I get me is in their dwellings, and among away far off : and remain in them. the wilderness.

| 17 As for me, I will call upon 8 " I would make haste to God: and the Lord shall save me. “ escape : because of the stormy 18 In the evening, and morn“ wind and tempest.”

ing, and at noon-day will I pray, 9 Destroy their tongues (m), and that instantly ) : and he O Lord, and divide them : for I shall hear my voice. have spied unrighteousness and I 19 It is he, that hath delivered strife in the city.

my soul in peace from the battle 10 Day and night they go that was against me : for there about within the walls thereof : were many with me (p).

(1) This Psalm was probably written by David at the time of Absalom's rebellion, when Ahitophel, David's own counsellor, was amongst the conspirators, and David with his servants fled from Jerusalem. See 2 Sam. xv. 12. 31. It expresses the infidelity of the people, the perfidy of one of them in particular, the consternation into which it had thrown him, his earnest prayer for deliverance, and his full confidence in God's pro

tection. v.g. (m) “ Tongues," i. e. (probably) |

counsels ; the plans they have agrad upon.

(n) “ Thou," i.e. Ahitophel. A similar complaint occurs, Ps. Xll. “ Even mine own familiar friend, whom I trusted, who did also eat of my “ bread, hath laid wait for me"

(0) “ Instantly,” i. e. earnestly pres ing upon him.

(P)' Many with me,'' j. e. (perhaps), God was with me, who gives more assi ance than any numbers.

Slly presso il

. (perhaps), 6.19

MORNING PRAV

dureth for ever you that en. ||

20 Yea, even God, that en. || MORNING PRAYER. dureth for ever, shall hear me,

Psalm lvi. (x) and bring them (9) down : for Be merciful unto me, O God; they will not turn, nor fear God. for man goeth about to devour

21 He(r) laid his hands upon me : he is daily fighting and such as be at peace with him : troubling me. and he brake his covenant.

2 Mine enemies are daily in 22 The words of his mouth hand to swallow me up : for they were softer than butter, having be many that fight against me, war in his heart : his words were O thou most Highest ! smoother than oil, and yet be they 3 Nevertheless, though I am very swords (s).

sometime afraid : yet put I my 23 O cast thy burden upon the trust in thee. Lord, and he shall nourish thee : 4 I will praise God, because and shall not suffer the righteous of his word (y) : I have put my to fall for ever.

trust in God, and will not fear 24 And as for them (t): thou, what flesh can do unto me. O God, shalt bring them into the 5 They daily mistake (z) my - pit of destruction.

words : áll (a) that they imagine 25 The blood-thirsty and is to do me evil. deceitful men shall not live (u) 6 They hold all together, and out half their days : neverthe keep themselves close : and mark less, my trust shall be in thee, O my steps (6), when they lay wait Lord.

for my soul.

Po (9) “ Them,” and “they," i.e. his other blessings) length of days is in opponents, the enemy, the ungodly, men. “ her right hand, and in her left hand tioned verse 3

6 riches and honour." 1.(O) “ He,” i.e. the traitor of whom (x) This Psalm is supposed to have be is complaining

been written by David, during his ab6) “Swords." So Ps. lvii. 5. mention sence for fear of Saul, and whilst Saul is made of men, “whose teeth are spears was seeking to destroy him. It com" and arrows, and their tongue a sharp plains of his enemies, but expresses the "sword.And Ps. lix. 7. of those who utmost confidence in God's protection. * speak with their mouth, and swords (y) His word.” This might allude v.4. " are in their lips.So Ps. Ixiv. 3. In to the assurance God had given David Prov. xii. 18. the same figurative idea that he should be king : Samuel anointed occurs : “ There is that speaketh like him before Saul knew him. Sve i Sam. "the piercings of a sword.” And Prov. xvi. 13. xviii. 8. “ The words of a tale-bearer are (z) “ Mistake,” i. e. put a false con- «.5. " as wounds,” &c. And Ps. lii. 3.“With struction upon. " lies thou cuttest like a sharp rasor.” (a) “ All,” &c. i. e. they think of w.5.

(0) “ Them,” i. e. his opponents. nothing else.

(w) “ Not live,” &c. Length of days, (6) « Mark my steps.” He might al. v.6. on the contrary, is one of the promises lude to the information from time to time to the righteous. Prov. iii. 1, 2.“ My given to Saul where David was: Saul was "son, forget not my law, but let thine told of his being at Keilah : the Ziphites "heart keep my commandments: for informed him when David hid himself length of days, and long life, and peace, with them in strong holds in the wood,

shall they add to thee.” And Prov. in the hill of Hachilah ; and Saul was III. 13. 16. “ Happy is the man that again told of it when David was in the “ findeth wisdom, and the man that wilderness of Engedi. See Sam. xxii. getteth understanding : for" (among # 7. 19.-xxiv. I..

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