Page images

laughed to scorn, and had in || 21 If we have forgotten the derision of them that are round || Name of our God, and holden about us.

up (x) our hands to any strange 15 Thou makest us to be a god : shall not God search it out? by-word among the heathen : for he knoweth the very secrets and that the people shake their of the heart. . heads (s) at us.

22 For thy sake () also are 16 My confusion is daily before we killed all the day long : and me : and the shame of my face are counted as sheep appointed hath covered me;

to be slain. 17 For the voice of the slan. 23 Up, Lord, why sleepest derer (t) and blasphemer : for the thou : awake, and be not absent enemy and avenger.

from us for ever. 18 And though all this be 24 Wherefore hidest thou thy come upon us, yet do we not face : and forgettest our misery forget thee : nor behave ourselves and trouble? frowardly in thy covenant.

25 For our soul is brought 19 Our heart is not turned | low, even unto the dust : our back : neither our steps gone out belly cleaveth unto the ground. of thy way;

26 Arise, and help us : and 20 No, not when thou hast | deliver us for thy mercies sake. smitten us into the place of dragons (u) : and covered us with

Psalm xlv. (2) the shadow of death.

My heart is inditing of a good

[ocr errors]

1 (s) “ Shake their heads," i. e. in ridi

cule and contempt.
m. “ Slanderer,' &c. Sennacherib

told the people of Jerusalem, “ doth not
" Hezekiah persuade you to give over
u yourselves to die by famine and by
" thirst, saying “the Lord our God shall
" deliver us out of the hand of the king of
" Assyria. Who was there among all the

gods of those nations that my fathers " utterly destroyed, that could deliver “his people out of mine hand, that your " God should be able to deliver you out " of mine hand," &c.; and his servants spake yet more against the Lord God. He wrote letters also to rail on the Lord God of Israel, and to speak against him, saying, “ as the gods of the nations of “other lands have not delivered their " people out of mine hand, so shall not " the God of Hezekiah deliver his people " out of mine hand.” 2 Chron. xxxii. 11 to 19-and see 2 Kings xviii. 22.and xix. 4. 16.—Isaiah xxvi. 20.

xxvii. 4. 10, 11, 12. 13. -20. (w) « Place of dragons.” A figura.

tive expression, to denote the utmost

(*) “ Holden up,” &c. i. e. perhaps v.21.

sworn by' any strange god : one of the Jewish modes of swearing was by lifting up the hand to heaven. Gen. xiv, 22. -Ez. XX. 5. 15. 23. 28. 42.Dan. xii. 7.—Rev. x. 5, 6.—and turning to or trusting on God, was called “ swearing by him." See Jer, v. 7, and xii. 16.

(y) « For thy sake," i. e. because of v.22. our adherence to thy religion, because we will not distrust thee, or join in worshipping other gods.

(2) This Psalm has been supposed to have been written upon Solomon's marriage with Pharoah's daughter ; and if so, as Solomon was a type of the Messiah, the author might be led into expressions more applicable to the Messiah than to Solomon. Some writers think it applied to the Messiah only, and had no reference to Solomon's marriage. Bishop Patrick thinks it referred to both. Many of the expressions, (he observés,) “ are so magnificent, that it is in a very “ poor and low sense only that they can “ be applied to Solomon, and his bride : « some of them scarce at all. On the



matter (a): I speak of the things || mighty : according to thy worwhich I have made unto the King. | ship and renown.

2 My tongue is the pen ; of a 5 Good luck have thou with ready writer.

thine honour : ride on, because (6) 3. Thou art fairer than the of the word of truth, of meekchildren of men : full of grace ness, and righteousness; and thy are thy lips, because God hath right hand shall teach thee terriblessed thee for ever.

ble things. 4 Gird thee with thy sword || 6 Thy arrows (c) are very upon thy thigh, O thou most || sharp, and the people shall be

“ other hand, some expressions seem so character of the Messiah, and under the “ plainly to belong to him, that it is by | image of a marriage solemnity, foretelling 6 way of allegory only that they can be a period not yet arrived, when the Jews " applied to our Saviour. The mind should be converted to the religion of or of the Prophet was evidently carried Christ, and should stand foremost in “ beyond Solomon, to the great King their attachment to Christianity: when “ the Lord Christ, at least he was the Messiah should have grounds for se“ guided to use words so high, that they lecting the Jewish nation above all others " proved too great for Solomon, and we as a man selects one woman for his wife, “ must say, as our Saviour does in an and when the Jewish nation should look 6 other case, Behold, a greater than So up to him above all others as a woman lomon is here. And so the best of the looketh up to the man she is about to “ Jewish interpreters acknowledge.” marry. It might mean first under the type The author of the Epistle to the He of the bridegroom to express the great brews clearly considers the 7th and 8th affection the Messiah should have for verses as written with a view to the Mes those who should look up to him, and siah, for, among other passages in which the protection and blessings he should the Messiah is spoken of in higher terms confer upon them; and secondly, under than are ever applied to Angels he re the type of the bride to intimate the fers to this : " But unto the Son he zeal, attachment, &c. with which true " saith, thy throne, O God, is for ever Christians should look up to the Messiah, « and ever, a scepter of righteousness is and the perfect dependence they should " the scepter of thy kingdom : thou place on him ; and the description of the “ hast loved righteousness, and hated King, the bride, and her companions « iniquity, therefore God, even thy might be intended to intimate the power God, hath anointed thee with the oil of the Messiah and the success of hisare“ of gladness above thy fellows." The ligion. It is one of the Psalms for ChristChaldee Paraphrase says expressly, that mas Day. it was written prophetically of the Mes (a) Bishop Horsley thus renders this siah. The Targum, Aben Ezra, and Solo. verse, “ My heart labours with a goodly mon Jarchi say, that it was a prophecy " theme, I address my performance to the of the Messiah. Kimchi is clear it was “ King ;' and he observes, that it is a written for the Messiah, and says it was remark of the Jewish expositors, that antiently so understood. Jarchi says, " the King” in the Psalms always aptheir antient Doctors interpreted it of the plies to the Messiah, unless there is someMessiah, but he thinks it more expedient thing in the context to direct it to soine to explain it only of David to put the other person. Christians to silence. See Nicholls and (6) For “ because” Bishop Horsley Hammond in loco, and Chandler's De reads " in the cause of.” fence of Christianity, 255. 257, 258. (c) « Thy arrows." &c. The time e Bishop Horne applies it to the Messiah of the Messiah is repeatedly noticed as only; and Bishop Horsley is positive it || a time of signal vengeance. See note ou was intended to have that application Ps. ii. 9, only. He considers it as describing the

subdued (d) unto thee : even in 13 And the daughter of Tyre the midst among the King's (e) shall be there with a gift : like as enemies.

the rich also among the people 7 Thy seat, O God, endureth shall make their supplication befor ever: the sceptre of thy king fore chee. dom is a right sceptre (f). . 14 The King's daughter is all

8 Thou hast loved righteous glorious within : her clothing is ness, and hated iniquity : where of wrought gold. fore God, even thy God, hath | 15 She shall be brought unto anointed thee with the oil of glad- the King in raiment of needleness above thy fellows.

work : the virgins, that be her 9 All thy garments smell of fellows, shall bear her company, myrrh, aloes, and cassia : out of and shall be brought unto thee. the ivory palaces, whereby they 16 With joy and gladness shall have made thee glad.

they be brought : and shall enter 10 Kings' daughters were into the King's palace.. among thy honourable women : 17 Instead of thy fathers thou upon thy right hand did stand shalt have children : whom thou the queen in a vesture of gold, mayest make princes in all lands. wrought about with divers co 18 I will remember thy Name lours.

from one generation to another : 11 Hearken, O daughter (g), therefore shall the people give and consider, incline thine ear : || thanks unto thee, world without forget also thine own people, and end. thy father's house. 12 So shall the King have

Psalm xlvi. (i) pleasure in thy beauty : for he is thy Lord God (b), and worship God is our hope and strength : a thou him.

very present help in trouble.


1.6. (d) - Subdued,” &c. This is so far

true of Solomon that he “ reigned over “ all kingdoms, from the river” (Euphrates) • unto the land of the Philis“ tines, and unto the borders of Egypt.” i Kings iv. 21. but his was a reign of peace.

(e) “ The King's," i. e. thine, he is addressing the King. It raises the idea of his power, that in the very center of his enemies, where they were therefore least assailable, they should be completely subdued. The same idea occurs in the prophetic Psalm, cx. 2. “ Be “ thou ruler, even in the midst among thine " enemies."

(F) Read “a sceptre of righteous“ ness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.” 11. (8) “O daughter," &c. This and

the chief part of what follows seems addressed to the bride, that is, the bride

to whose marriage it related, (if it really
was written upon an actual marriage, and
had no farther view ;) or (if it was writ-
ten prophetically) either to the body of
true Christians of all nations and times,
or to the Jewish nation when they shall
be converted to Christianity.

(b) “ Thy Lord God,” i.e. (if ad- v. 12.
dressed to an earthly bride) not lite-
rally, but as thy Lord God: thou
art to shew respect, &c. to him, al.
most amounting to the worship you pay
to God

(i) A song of triumph, written with great spirit upon some signal victory or deliverance, describing in very animated language the advantage of God's assistance and his irresistible power, and introducing God himself to increase the effect. It is

supposed to have been written either, ist, | upon David's successes against the Phi

2. Therefore will we not fear, || ado (1), and the kingdoms are though the earth be moved : and moved : but God hath shewed though the hills be carried into his voice, and the earth (m) shall the midst of the sea; ..

melt away. 3 Though the waters thereof 7 The Lord of hosts is with rage and swell ; and though the us : the God of Jacob is out mountains shake at the tempest refuge. of the same.

8 O come hither, and behold 4 The rivers (k) of the flood the works of the Lord : whal thereof shall make glad the city destruction (n) he hath brought of God : the holy place of the | upon the earth. tabernacle of the most Highest. 9 He maketh () wars to cease

5 God is in the midst of her ; in all the world : he breaketh the therefore shall she not be re bow, and knappeth the spear in moved : God shall help her, and sunder, and burneth the chariots that right early.

in the fire. 6 The heathen make much 10 Be still (o) then, and know

listines, the Moabites, Haddadezer, and The following expressions of breaking the Syrians, about 1040 years before the “ the bow, knapping the spear," &c. may birth of Christ, as mentioned 2 Sam. viii.; be used to imply, that where God assists or, zdly, upon the destruction of the the issue must be triumphant. It was Moabites and Ammonites, &c. who, usual among some nations to burn and about 896 years before our Saviour's otherwise destroy much of the armour birth, came up against Jehoshaphat, but of their enemies after gaining a vi&tory. turned upon and destroyed each other, This custom is probably referred to as mentioned 2 Chron. xx.; or 3dly, up Isaiah ix. 4, 5. which, (though not very on the destruction of Sennacherib's army, intelligible in our Bible translation,) about 713 years before the birth of thus rendered by Bp. Lowth, “ For the Christ, when the angel of the Lord smote “ yoke of his burthen, the staff laid on in their camp one hundred and eighty “ his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, five thousand men. See 2 Kings xix. 35. “ hast thou broken, as in the day of Miand Isaiah xxxvii. 36. The recurring dian: for the greaves of the armed frequently to those hymns which were “ warrior in the conflict, and the gate written on signal instances of God's as “ ment rolled in much blood, shall be sistance, was calculated to keep the for a burning, even fuel for the fire. events constantly in their minds, and to « For unto us a child is born, unto us a inspire in them the highest opinion of “ Son is given," &c. The same custom 15 God's power and a thankful remem. probably also referred to Ez. xxxix. 9, brance of his protection.

10. wl'ere, after denouncing defeat, &c. V.4.

(k) “ The rivers," &c. The meaning upon the heathen on the mountains of may be, that so far from alarming and Israel, God says, “ They that dwell in intimidating them, any extraordinary “ the cities of Israel shall go forth, and waters from the rising of the sea shall be “ shall set on fire and burn the weapons,

a benefit to them, shall make them glad. « both the shields and the bucklers, the v. 6.' (0) - Make much ado” and “moved,” " bows and the arrows, and the hand

i.e. hostilely, raise their forces, &c. " staves and the spears,” &c. So Vir• 0.6. (m) “ The earth,” i. e. all human| gil, 8 Æn. 561.

“ Scutorum incendi victor acervos." v. 8. (n) “ Destruction," &c. i.e. upon our See 2 Lowth's Isaiah 100.


(6) - Maketh wars to cease,” &c. i.e () “ Be still then," &c. Here is (probably,) by overcoming all human. | evidently a change of person, and God is means, frustrating all human devices. himself introduced. This direction agrees

[ocr errors]
[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small]
« PreviousContinue »