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cleavebring (*) me i
scorn of men, and the out-cast of 13 They gape upon me with the people.
their mouths : as it were a rampAll they that see me, laugh ing and a roaring lion. me to scorn (V) : they shoot out 14 I am poured out like water, their lips, and shake their heads, and all my bones are out of joint : saying,
my heart also in the midst of my 8 « He trusted in God, that body is even like melting wax. “ he would deliver him · let him 15 My strength is dried up * deliver him, if he will have him." like a potsherd, and my tongue
9 But thou art he that took cleaveth to my gums : and thou me (9) out of my mother's womb: shalt bring (6) me into the dust thou wast my hope, when I hanged of death. yet upon my mother's breasts. 16 For many dogs are come
10 I have been left unto thee about me : and the counsel of ever since I was born : thou art the wicked layeth siege against my God, even from my mother's me. womb.
17 They pierced (t) my hands 1 O go not from me, for and my feet ; I may tell all my trouble is hard at hand : and bones : they stand staring (u) and there is none to help me.
looking upon me. 12 Many oxen (r) are come 18 They part (x) my garments about me : fat bulls of Basan among them : and cast lots upon close me in on every side.
" to him whom the nation abhorreth, to
him, wagging their heads : likewise
The be the king of Israel, let him **60# come down from the cross, and "we will believe him : he trusted in "God, let him deliver him now, if he " will have him.” Matt. xxvii. 39. 41, 42, 43. ... (9) “Took me,” &c. The protection experienced in the helpless state of Intancy is also stated as a ground for confidence, Ps. lxxi, 5. “ Through thee * have I been holden up ever since I was
bom; thou art he that took me out of my mother's womb."
“Oxen” and “ bulls of Basan," persons as impetuous, cruel, and over
ating as oxen fed in the rich pastures
“ brought.” This is the Bible transla-
(t) “ Pierced," &c. When our Sa- 0.17.
(u) « Staring,” &c. This might 0.1%. imply that he would be in a situation to be stared at, raised above the heads of the by-standers ; and this was the case with our Saviour on the cross.
(x) “ Part," &c. and “cast lots." v.18. These two singular predictions were literally fulfilled at our Saviour's death : “ The soldiers, when they had crucified “ Jesus, took his garments, and made “ four parts, to every soldier a part, and “ also his coat : now the coat was with“ out seam, woven from the top through~ out: they said therefore among them. « selves, let us not rend it, but cast lots
() For " shalt bring” read “ hast
19 But be not thou far from of the seed of Jacob, and fear me, O Lord : thou art my suc- || him, all ye seed of Israel; cour; haste thee to help me. 24 For he hath not despised
20 Deliver my soul from the nor abhorred the low estate of sword : my darling (5) from the the poor : he hath not hid his power of the dog.
face from him ; but when he 21 Save me from the lion's called unto him, he heard him. mouth : thou hast heard me also 25 My praise is of thee in from among the horns (z) of the the great congregation (6) : my unicorns.
vows (C) will I perform in the · 22 (a) I will declare thy Name sight of them that fear him. unto my brethren : in the midst 26 The poor shall eat (d), and of the congregation will I praise be satisfied : they that seek after thee.
the Lord, shall praise him; your 23 O praise the Lord, ye that heart shall live for ever. fear him : magnify him, all ye 27 All the ends (e) of the
“ for it, whose it shall be : these things (c) “ My vow's," &c. So Ps. cxvi. 16. 8.30
his power have caused its completion ? (d) “The poor shall eat," &c. It is a as v. 20. (y) “ My darling," i. e. my life, my a mark of great temporal prosperity,
existence, that about me which is most where there is such abundance, that the
dear and precious. So Ps. xxxv. 17. very poorest have enough, and the meanv. 21. () “From the horns of the unicorn," ing here probably is, that in the times
a figurative expression, to express a si referred to, that is, the times of the Mes.
(e) “ All the ends," &c. This is $.27. v. 22. (a) Here the character of the Psalm one, among many, of the predi&tions as
changes : the deliverance prayed for is to the extent to which the true worship
“ From the rising of the sun even unto v.25. (6) “ The great congregation." This “ the going down of the same" (that is,
phrase is generally used for the great from the extremities of east and west) religious assembly of the Jews, Ps. xxxv. “ my name shall be great among the 18. “ I will give thee thanks in the great “ Gentiles, and in every place incesse “ congregation, I will praise thee among “ shall be offered unto my name, and a “ much people.” So Ps. xl. 11. 13. “ pure offering ; for my name shall be
world shall remember themselves, || heavens shall declare his righte. and be turned unto the Lord : ousness : unto a people that shall and all the kindreds of the na be born, whom the Lord hath jons shall worship before him. made.
28 For the kingdom is the Sord's (f) : and he is the Go
Psalm xxiii. (k) ernor among the people. . The Lord is my shepherd :
29 (8) All such as be fat upon therefore can I lack nothing. - arth : have eaten and worship 2 He shall feed me in a green =ed (b).
pasture(1) : and lead me forth 30 All they that go down into beside the waters of comfort. . - te dust shall kneel before him : 3. He shall convert (m) my hd no man (i) hath quickened || soul : and bring me forth (n) in is own soul.
the paths of righteousness for his 131 My seed shall serve him : Name's sake. hey shall be counted unto the 4 Yea, though I walk through Lord for a generation.
the valley of the shadow of death, 132 They shall come, and the I will fear no evil : for thou art
great among the heathen, saith the || rich, and “they that go down into the
Lord of Hosts." See Ps. ii. 8. “ dust,” the poor and abject. kxxxvi. 9.
(0) “No man," &c. This may mean, v 30. “ The kingdom is the Lord's." that no man can of himself give life to This may mean, that from the coming his own soul; that must depend on
of the Messiah shall be peculiarly the God. - time of “ God's kingdom,” that which (k) A hymn of great simplicity, writ
is called continually in the New Testa ten by David, on God's protection and ment " the kingdom of heaven."
kindness to him. Mr. Addison, in the o The last four verses have perhaps 441st Number of the Spectator, says of suffered from transcribers or transla it, “ David has very beautifully repre
“ sented his steady reliance on God in (6) For “ have eaten and worship " the 23d Psalm, which is a kind of ped," read “ shall eat and worship “ pastoral hymn, and filled with those him.” Query, whether the right read “ allusions which are usual in that ing be not, wall such as be fat and have “ species of writing : as the poetry is "caten upon earth, shall worship him.” “ very exquisite, I shall give the folSuch as be fat,” probably meant the “ lowing translation of it:
“ The Lord my pasture shall prepare, and feed me with a shepherd's care ;
thro' devious lonely wilds I stray,
“ With sudden greens and herbage crown'd, and streams shall murmur all around." B2 (1) “ In a green pasture," i, e. provide 1l (m) “ Convert,” i. e. direct, turn it v.
for me as abundantly as a shepherd does || into the right way, if it is going wrong. for his sheep, when he puts them into a (n) “ Bring me forth,” i.e. conduct v. 3. green pasture.
with me; thy rod and thy staff
MORNING PRAYER. comfort me.
5 Thou shalt prepare a table before me against them that
Psalm xxiv. (r) trouble me : thou hast anointed The earth is the Lord's, and all my head with oil, and my cup that therein is : the compass of shall be full ().
the world, and they that dwell 6 But thy loving-kindness and therein. mercy shall follow me all the I 2 For he hath founded it upon days of my life : and I will the seas : and prepared it upon dwell (9) in the house of the the floods. Lord for ever.
3 Who shall ascend (s) into
0. 5. () “ Against,” i. e, notwithstanding
the opposition of, in defiance of. 0.5. (p)“ Full," i. e. of prosperity, of
thy blessings. 6. (9) “ Dwell," &c. David often men
tions his opportunities of visiting the house of God as a source to him of great delight, and when he was driven from Je: rusalem by Absalom's rebellion, laments the loss of those opportunities with great feeling. See Ps. xxvi. 8.-xxvi. 4.xlii. and lxxxiv.
(r) A spirited hymn, upon some solemn procession with the ark of God to the top of Mount Sion, either upon its removal from the house of Obededom the Gittite, about 1042 years before the birth of Christ, (See 2 Sam. vi. 12.) or upon some victory. It notices the universal dominion of God, and the qualities he requires in the persons he suffers to approach him, and concludes with a command for opening the gates for the admission of the ark. The ark's going up to Mount Sion, (which was looked upon as a type or representation of heaven,) was considered a type of the Messiah's ascension into heaven, and it is probably on that account that this Psalm is selected for Ascension day. It appears to be responsive, performed by several sets of singers, and the first six verses were probably sung as the proces. sion advanced towards the tabernacle, and the other four just as they were reaching the gates. Dr. Blair has pointed out the manner in which it was sung, to give an idea, from this instance, of the grand effect their sacred performances were calculated to produce: “ The « whole people are supposed to be at
guing the procession. The Levites
" and singers, at least 4000 in number, “ divided into 24 sets, and accompanied
with their musical instruments, lead “ the way. After the introduction in " the first two verses, when the proceso “ sion is beginning to ascend the Mount, “ the question is put, as by a semichorus, ““Who shall ascend," &c. and the re“ sponse is made by the full chorus," be " that hath clean hands,” &c. As the " procession approaches the doors of the “ tabernacle, the chorus, with all their « instruments, join in this exclamation, “ “ Lift up your heads," &c. The “ semichorus then put the question, 6 ~ Who is the King of Glory," and “ the response is made by the burst of “ the whole chorus, “ The Lord strong “ and mighty," &c. The effect resulte ing from the grandeur of the procession and the number of the performers, must have been surprising. No wonder that among the things which astonished the Queen of Sheba, when she went to set Solomon, was his “ ascent by which he “ went up to the house of the Lord." 1 Kings X. 5. Even in the times of Moses their hymns were responsive, and accompanied with music. In the first piece of poetry extant, the Song of the Children of Israel on the destruction of Pharoah, Moses and the Children of Israel sang the song, and Miriam went out, and all the women after her, with timbrels and dances; and Miriam (either alone or with the women) answered them, “ Sing ye to the Lord, for he “ hath triumphed gloriously; the horse “ and his rider hath he thrown into the “ sea." Exod. xv. , (s) " Who shall ascend,” &c. Nearly *} the same question as that in Ps. XV. to.
the hill of the Lord : or who shall rise up in his holy place?
Psalm xxv. (d) 4. Even he that hath clean Unto thee, O Lord, will I lift hands, and a pure heart (t): and up my soul; my God, I have put that hath not lift up his mind un my trust in thee : O let me not to vanity, nor sworn to deceive(u) be confounded, neither let mine his neighbour.
enemies triumph over me. 5. He shall receive the blessing 2 For all they that hope in thee from the Lord : and righteous. shall not be ashamed : but such ness (x) from the God of his sal as transgress without a cause, shall vation.
be put to confusion. 6 This is the generation (y) of 3 Shew me thy ways, O Lord : them that seek him : even of them and teach me thy paths. that seek thy face(x), O Jacob(a). 4 Lead me forth in thy truth,
7 Lift up(b) your heads, Oye and learn me : for thou art the gates, and be ye lift up, ye ever God of my salvation; in thee lasting doors ; and the King of hath been my hope all the day glory (C) shall come in.
long. 8 Who is the King of glory? 5 Call to remembrance, O it is the Lord, strong and mighty, Lord, thy tender mercies : and even the Lord mighty in battle. thy loving-kindnesses, which have
9 Lift up your heads, O ye been ever of old. gates, and be ye lift up, ye ever 6 O remember not the sins lasting doors ; and the King of and offences of my youth : but glory shall come in.
according to thy mercy think thou 10 Who is the king of glory? upon me, O Lord, for thy goodeven the Lord of hosts, he is the ness. King of glory.
7 Gracious and righteous is
8.4. (6) “ A pure heart.” The external
ceremony of going up with the ark was not sufficient; but inward purity was requisite to enable a man to approach
deceived after having sworn. The same
(y) “ The generation,” &c.i.e. the character or disposition : this is the race of people that seek him.
(z) “ Seek thy face," i. e. approach thee, or seek for thy countenance or favour. In Ps. xxvii. 9. the Psalmist speaks of God's exhorting him to “ seek " his face."
(a) « O Jacob," i. e. O God of Jacob.
(6) “ Lift up,” i. e. to open. The v.7. manner of opening them was by lift. ing up the gates, as the gates of a portcullis.
(c) “ The king of glory," i. e. the ark, v.7. the symbol of God's presence.
(d) A warm appeal to God for pardon, protection, and guidance, and a spirited eulogium on the advantages of God's assistance. In the Hebrew it is an alphabeti. cal Psalm ; the first word of the first verse beginning with the first letter of the He. brew alphabet, the first word of the second verse with the next letter, and so on. There are in the Old Testament twelve of these compositions, seven of which are in the Psalms. When perfect, they consist of twenty-two verses or parts, that being the number of letters in the Hebrew alphabet. One of the objects in this practice probably was, to assist the me. mory in repeating the composition.