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our Lord Jesus Christ. I will || therefore put you in remem

The Gospel. John xv. 17. (m) brance, though ye once knew “These things I command you, this, how that the Lord, having “ that ye love (n) one another. saved the people out of the land “ If the world hate you, ye know 18. of Egypt, afterward destroyed " that it hated me before it them (k) that believed not. And “ hated you. If ye were of the 19. the angels (1) which kept not their 66 world, the world would love first estate, but left their own “ his own : but because ye are habitation, he hath reserved in “ not of the world, but I have everlasting chains, under dark « chosen you out of the world, ness, unto the judgement of the « therefore (c) the world hateth great day. Even as Sodom and " you. Remember the word (p) 20. Gomorrha, and the cities about " that I said unto you, « The them, in like manner giving them servant is not greater than his selves over to fornication, and " lord.” If they have persecuted going after strange flesh, are set me, they will also persecute forth for an example, suffering " you : if they have kept my say. the vengeance of eternal fire. “ ing, they will keep yours also.

Likewise also these filthy dream “ But all these things will they 21. iers defile the flesh, despise do “ do unto you for my name's minion, and speak evil of dignities. “ sake, because they know not (9)

" latter times” (that is, the times just preceding the destruction of Jerusalem) " some shall depart from the faith, giv. *ing heed to seducing spirits, and doc"trines of devils, speaking lies in hypo* crisy, having their conscience seared " with a hot iron." In 2 Tim. iii. 1.5. he says, that “ in the last days there "should be men” (among other defects) * having a form of godliness, but deny.

ing the power thereof.” In 2 Thess. 1.3. be says, the day of Christ “ shall " not come, except there come a falling

avay first;" and in 2 Pet. ii. 3. St. Peter says, “ There shall come in the " last days scoffers walking after their "own lusts, and saying, where is the “promise of his coming." It is these apostates so spoken of beforehand to whom St. Jude here alludes.

(1) " Destroyed them," &c. So that it will be po protection to these apostates that they once believed, that they were ence within the range of God's favour. See ante 184. note on 1 Cor. x, 1. &c.

(1) “ The angels,” &c. The argument is this : If God would not spare those whom he had so far favoured as to make his own ministers, how could it be expected that he would spare those who

had once professed to be his servants, but
had afterwards deserted him ?

(m) This is part of our Saviour's dis-
course at the last Supper, the night he
was betrayed, after Judas was gone out
to make the bargain for betraying him.
St. John was present, and sat next him.

(n) “ Love,” &c. The two great v. 17. duties our Saviour here enjoins, are ist, love, union, &c. amongst themselves; and 2dly, a fearless contempt of persecution.

(0)“ Therefore," &c. It is “because v.19. “ you are not of the world, because your “ motives are not worldly, and because of “ the restraint upon worldly pursuits,plea. “ sures," &c. that the world will hate you.

« The word,” &c. He had used v. 20. this saying after this very Supper, upon his washing Peter's feet, John xiii. 16. ; but he also used it when he first sent out his twelve disciples, and apprized them of the persecutions they should then meet with, Matt. X. 24. And it is to the latter, probably, that he here alludes.

(9) “ Because they know not,” &c. v.21. Their disposition to sin is repeatedly noticed as the reason of their unbelief. Ante 203. note on 2 Cor. iv. 3. Is not this also now the foundation of infidelity, wherever it exists ?

22. “ him that sent me. If (r) I had to hear the devout prayers of

" not come and spoken unto thy Church ; and grant, that
“ them, they had not had sin : those things, which we ask faith-
" but now they have no cloke for fully, we may obtain effectually,
“ their sin. He that hateth me through Jesus Christ our Lord.
6 hateth my Father also (s). Amen.
- If (t) I had not done among
" them the works which none

The Epistle. Philip. iii. 17.
“ other man did, they had not BRETHREN, be followers toge.
“ had sin : but now have they ther of me, and mark them which
“ both seen and hated both me walk so, as ye have us for an en-

and my Father. But this sample. (For many walk, of 18.

cometh to pass, that (u) the whom I have told you often, and c word might be fulfilled that is now tell you even weeping, that « written in their law, “ They they are the enemies of the cross “ hated me without a cause." of Christ : whose end is destruc- 19. “ But when the Comforter (x) is tion, whose God is their belly, “ come, whom I will send unto and whose glory is in their

you from the Father, even shame, who mind earthly things.) “ the Spirit of truth, which For (z) our conversation (a) is 20.

proceedeth from the Father, he in heaven; from whence also we « shall testify of me: and ye also || look (b) for the Saviour, the as shall bear witness, because ye | Lord Jesus Christ; who shall 21. “ have been with me from the change (c) our vile body, that it “ beginning (y).”

may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the

working whereby he is able even
Twenty-third Sunday after Trinity.

to subdue all things unto himself.
The Collect.
O God, our refuge and strength,

The Gospel. Matt. xxii. 15.
who art the author of all godli Then went the Pharisees, and
ness; Be ready, we beseech thee, took counsel how they might en

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(r) “ If, "&c. Ignorance might other. wise have excused them ; now it cannot.

(s) “ My Father also." There is no alternative.

(O) “ If,” &c. It is reasonable that each man should be judged according to the opportunities he has had: where much has been given, it is not inconsistent that much should be required.

(u) “ That," &c. This is a strong instance of stating as the cause what was only a consequence. See ante 44. note on Matt. ii. 15. The passage, which is in Psalm xxxv. 19. had no allusion to our Saviour; it was merely a prayer of David that they might not triumph over him who “ hated him without a cause." And it is impossible to suppose that the opposers of Christianity should have been con

strained to persecute its professors, that some words, in a passage which referred to quite a different thing, should be also applicable to them.

(x) “ The Comforter," i. e. the Holy *.26. Ghost or Spirit. Ante 147. note on John xvi. 7. and ante 152.

(y) See ante 152.

(z) “ For," &c. This is the reason 6.10. why, as he exhorts them in verse 17. they should be followers of him, &c.

(a) “ Conversation," rather "establish. ... ment,"or“home." The Greek is fondloop.z.

(6) “ Look,” &c. probably referring 5. to that great period so often alluded to, “ the day,” or “coming of the Lord." See ante 25. note on Rom. xiii. 11.

(c) “ Shall change," &c. See ante 68. v.21. note on 1 John iii. 2.

16. mnole him in his talk. And they communion and fellowship, in

sent out unto him their disciples the mystical body of thy Son with the Herodians, saying, Christ our Lord; Grant us grace “ Master, we know that thou

so to follow thy blessed Saints in “art true, and teachest the way all virtuous and godly living, that " of God in truth, neither carest we may come to those unspeak" thou for any man; for thou able joys, which thou hast pre“ regardest not the person of

pared for them that unfeignedly “ men. Tell us therefore, What

love thee, through Jesus Christ * thinkest thou? Is it lawful to our Lord. Amen. i " give tribute unto Cesar, or

For the Epistle. Rev. vii. 2. * not?” But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, “Why

And I saw another angel ascend“ tempt ye me, ye hypocrites?

ing from the east, having the seal “shew me the tribute-money."

of the living God: and he cried And they brought unto him a

with a loud voice to the four anpenny. And he saith unto them,

gels, to whom it was given to * Whose is this image and super

hurt the earth and the sea, saying, 1. “ scription ?” They say unto

Hurt not the carth, neither the 3. him, “ Cesar's." Then saith he

56 sea, nor the trees, till we have unto them, “Render (d) there

6 sealed (e) the servants of our “ fore unto Cesar the things

66 God in their foreheads.” And 4. “ which are Cesar's, and unto

I heard the number of them which “ God the things that are God's.”

were sealed : and there were seal. 2. When they had heard these words,

ed an hundred and forty and four they marvelled, and left him, and

thousand (f) of all the tribes of

the children of Israel. went their way.

Of the tribe of Juda were sealed 5. .

twelve thousand.
All Saints' Day.

Of the tribe of Reuben were
The Collect.

sealed twelve thousand.
O ALMIGHTY God, who hast Of the tribe of Gad were sealed
knit together thine elect in one twelve thousand.

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6.21. () “ Render," &c. This answer is

from the determination of the schools, where this doctrine was taught, that where. ever the coin of any king was current, the inhabitants were to consider that king as their sovereign. St. Paul also recom. mends submission to the temporal powers, Rom. xii. 1. 7. “Let every soul be sub. "ject to the higher powers; for there " is no power but of God," &c. “ Ren"der therefore to all their dues ; tribute

" to whom tribute," &c. 9.3. (e) “ Sealed,” &c. To protect from

the four angels; that they might be preserved from the destruction. In Exod. xii. 23. when the first-born of the Egyptians wert slain, the lintels and door posts of the houses of the Israelites were to be

marked with the blood of the paschal
lamb, that they might be exempted from
the destruction, that “the Lord might
“ pass over their doors, and not suffer
4 the destroyer to come into their houses
« to destroy them.” And in Ezek. ix, 4:
before God sent the five destroyers into
Jerusalem to slay utterly old and young,
&c. he commissioned one to set a mark
“ upon the foreheads of the men that
“ sighed and cried for all the abomina-
" tions that were done in the midst of
“ Jerusalem.” And he forbad the de-
stroyers, verse 6, from “ coming near
“ any man upon whom was the mark.”
See ante 209. note on Eph. iv. 30.

(f)" 144,000,' i.e. a large number : v.4. the same number as in Rev, xiv. 1. ante 43.

the train thousan anasses.

seals

6. Of the tribe of Aser were sealed 15 and might, be unto our God twelve thousand.

« for ever and ever." Amen. Of the tribe of Nepthalim were sealed twelve thousand.

The Gospel. Matt. v. 1. Of the tribe of Manasses were Jesus seeing the multitudes, sealed twelve thousand.

went up into a mountain : and ; 7. Of the tribe of Simeon were when he was set, his disciples sealed twelve thousand.

came unto him: and he opened 2. Of the tribe of Levi were sealed his mouth, and taught them, say. twelve thousand.

ing, “ Blessed (b) are the poor 3. Of the tribe of Issachar were « in spirit: for theirs is the kingsealed twelve thousand.

“ dom of heaven. Blessed are 4. 8. Of the tribe of Zabulon were “ they that mourn : for they sealed twelve thousand.

6 shall be comforted. Blessed 5. Of the tribe of Joseph were « are the meek: for they shall sealed twelve thousand.

“ inherit the earth. Blessed are 6. Of the tribe of Benjamin were " they which do hunger and sealed twelve thousand.

“ thirst after righteousness : for 9. After this I beheld, and lo, a “ they shall be filled. Blessed 7.

great multitude, which no man “ are the merciful: for they shall could number, of all nations, and “ obtain mercy. Blessed are the 8. kindreds, and people, and tongues, “ pure in heart: for they shall stood before the throne, and be see God. Blessed are the 9. fore the Lamb (8), clothed with peace-makers : for they shall

white robes, and palms in their be called the children of God. 10. hands; and cried with a loud “ Blessed are they which are 10.

voice, saying, “ Salvation to our “ persecuted for righteousness' “ God which sitteth upon the « sake: for theirs is the king

“ throne, and unto the Lamb.” “ dom of heaven. Blessed are " II. And all the angels stood round " ye, when men shall revile you,

about the throne, and about the « and persecute you, and shall say elders and the four beasts, and all manner of evil against you fell before the throne on their “ falsely, for my sake. Rejoice, **

faces, and worshipped God, say " and be exceeding glad : for 12. ing, “ Amen: Blessing, and glo “ great is your reward in heaven:

6i ry, and wisdom, and thanks “ for so persecuted they the pro“ giving, and honour, and power, ~ phets which were before you."

(8) “ The Lamb," i. e. our Saviour, I been foretold of the Messiah. According Jesus Christ.

v.9.

0.3.

to Isaiah ix. 6. he was to be “ the Prince (b) “ Blessed,” &c. This is the be “ of Peace." According to Isaiah xi. 5; gipning of that famous discourse of our « righteousness was to be the girdle of Saviour's, called his Sermon on the “ his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of Mount. It is supposed to have been « his reins." “ In his time" (or under delivered by him A. D. 31. about two the infuence of his religion) " the wolf years before his Crucifixion. The pecu " was to dwell with the lamb," &c.; liar character of our Saviour's precepts « and they were not to hurt or destroy has been already noticed, and their de “ in all his holy mountain, because the cided tendency to promote the comfort “ earth was to be full of the knowledge of individuals and the welfare of society. “ of the Lord, as the waters cover the They correspond also with what had

Twenty-fourth Sunday after Trinity.

dear fellow-servant, who is for

you a faithful minister of Christ; The Colle&t.

who also declared unto us your 8. O LORD, we beseech thee, ab love in the Spirit. For this cause g. solve thy people from their of.

we also, since the day we heard fences; that through thy bounti it, do not cease to pray for you, ful goodness we may all be deli

and to desire that ye might be vered from the bands of those filled with the knowledge of sins, which by our frailty we have his (m) will, in all wisdom and committed. Grant this, O hea. spiritual understanding ; that ye 10. venly Father, for Jesus Christ's might walk (n) worthy of the sake, our blessed Lord and Sa.

Lord unto all pleasing, being viour. Amen.

fruitful in every good work, and The Epistle. Col. i. 3.

increasing in the knowledge of We give thanks to God and

God; strengthened with all it. the Father of our Lord Jesus

might, according to his glorious Christ, praying always for you,

power, unto all patience (0) and since we heard of your faith in

long-suffering with joyfulness;

giving thanks unto the Father, 12. Christ Jesus, and of the love which ye have to all the saints;

which hath made us meet to be for the hope (0) which is laid

partakers of the inheritance of the up for you in heaven, whereof ye

saints in light. heard before in the word of the The Gospel. Matt. ix. 18. 6. truth of the Gospel; which is come WHILE Jesus spake these things

unto you, as it is in all the unto John's () disciples, behold, world (k); and bringeth forth there came a certain ruler and fruit, as it doth also in you, since worshipped him, saying, “ My

the day ye heard of it, and knew “ daughter is even now dead : 7. the grace of God (l) in truth : as “ but come and lay thy hand upon

ye also learned of Epaphras our 66 her, and she shall live.” And 19.

ringeth since

daug

S.S. “For the hope," &c. This is the

mobect of his thanks in verse 3. 5.6 " In all the world.” In our Sa

voar's noted prophecy as to the destruction of Jerusalem, &c. Matt. xxiv. when he was asked what should be the sign of his coming, he stated, (among others), " This gospel of the kingdom shall be " preached in all the world, for a witness “ unto all nations, and then shall the "end come.” Matt. xxiv. 14. And accordingly the gospel was preached be. fore the destruction of Jerusalem in Asia Minor, Greece, and Italy, as far north as Scythia, south as Æthiopia, east as l'arthia and India, and west as Spain and Britain. 2 Newt. on the Prophecies, 156. If this does not prove God's assistance to the cause, it shews the zeal of the apostles, and their conviction of the

truth of what they preached. Our Sa.
viour's prophecy was delivered A.D. 33.
This Epistle is supposed to have been
written A. D. 59 ; and Jerusalem was
destroyed A.D. 70.

(1) The grace of God in truth,” v.6.
i.e. the doctrines of the gospel.
(m) “ His," i. e. “ God's.”

v.9. in) “Walk," &c. pressing upon them v. 1o. the necessity of good conduct.

(6) “ Patience,” &c. This implies, that v.10. they either were exposed to persecution, trouble, &c. or were likely to be so.

(d) “ John's,” i. e. the Baptist's. v. 18. They had been to ask him why his disciples did not fast. Our Saviour was sitting at meat at this time in St. Matthew's house ; so that he had good means of knowing what be here states.

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