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18. ye would (r). But if ye be led (s) || peace, long-suffering, gentleness,

of the Spirit, ye are not under | goodness, faith, meekness, tem19. the law (t). Now the works of perance : against such there is no 23.

the flesh (u) are manifest; which law(z). And they that are Christ's 24.

are these; dultery, fornication, have crucified (a) the flesh with 20. uncleanness, lasciviousness, idol. the affections and lusts.

atry, witchcraft, hatred, variance,

emulations, wrath, strife, sedi The Gospel. Luke xvii. 11. 21. tions, heresies, envyings, mur

And it came to pass, as Jesus ders, drunkenness, revellings, and went to Jerusalem, that he passed such like: of the which I tell you through the midst of Samaria and before, as I have also told you in Galilee (6). And as he entered 12. time past, that they which do such into a certain village, there met

things shall not inherit the king him ten men that were lepers, 22. dom of God. But the fruit of which stood afar off (c): and they 13. the Spirit (x) is love (

lifted up their voices, and said,

9.17. (r) “ The things that ye would,” i.e. up to its precepts, how much of private

every thing you wish ; both what the and of national misery would be avoided,
spirit and the Aesh suggest ; you cannot and how greatly would the happi-
follow the dictates of both, because what ness of individuals and of states be ad-
the one dictates is in opposition to what vanced? The internal evidence of its
is dictated by the other, so that the dic truth, which the nature of its rules sup-
tates of one must be given up.

plies, is well commented upon in a tract 0.18. (s) “ Led of the spirit,” i. e. follow of the late Mr. Soame Jenyns, who con

the dictates of the spirit of God, or the siders it as carrying with it a greater
rules of Christianity.

degree of conviction than even the pro. 18. (1) “ Under the law.” Under an phecies or the miracles. See ante 179.

obligation to conform to the Mosaical in (z) “ No law." These are princi. 0.23.
stitutions. The great drift of this epistle ples and practices which no law can
is to satisfy the converts that they were censure,
free from the bondage of those institu (a) “ Have crucified.” This is a test v.24.
tions. The first verse of this chapter is, of true Christianity: real Christians,
“ Stand fast, therefore, in the liberty those who are to have any benefit from
« wherewith Christ hath made you free, Christianity, withstand the impulse of
“ and be not entangled again with the their sinful propensities. According to
yoke of bondage,(meaning the regula Rom. viii. 13. “ They who live after
tions, &c. of the Mosaic law,) and see a the flesh, shall die, but they who
ante 192, note (f).

" through the spirit. mortify the deeds v. 19. (u) “ The works of the flesh,” i. e. Il “ of the body, shall live." See ante 182.

the works to which a compliance with note on Rom. viii. 14.
the dictates of the flesh leads.

(6) “ Samaria and Galilee.” It has .11. D. 22. (x) “ The fruit of the spirit," i. e, already been noticed that it was chiefly

the things to which following the dic in Galilee that our Saviour lived, &c. and
tates of the spirit leads.

displayed his mighty power ; and so ful-
(1) “ Love,” &c. Does not the filled the prophecy. Is. ix. 2. See ante
character of the gospel virtues afford 175, note on Luke v. I.
strong internal evidence of the divine | (c) “ Afar off.” By the Levitical law, v. 12.
origin of the Christian religion ? It in Levit xiii. 45, 46. a leper was bound to
culcates whatever has a tendency to pro cry “unclean, unclean," to guard all per.
mote the private happiness of individuals, sons against approaching him, and he
the general comfort of mankind, and the was “to dwell alone :" " without thę
glory of God, and it inculcates nothing “ camp shall be his habitation.”
else. If men were in all instances to act

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" Jesus, Master, have mercy on us to all things profitable to our 14. “ us.” And when he saw them, || salvation, through Jesus Christ

he said unto them, “ Go shew (d) our Lord. Amen.
ss yourselves unto the priests.”
And it came to pass, that, as they

The Epistle. Gal. vi. 11. 15. went, they were cleansed. And | Ye see how large a letter I have

one of them, when he saw that | written unto you with mine own he was healed, turned back, and | hand. As many as desire to make

with a loud voice glorified God; || a fair shew (f) in the flesh, they 16. and fell down on his face at his constrain you to be circumcised,

feet, giving him thanks : and he only (8) lest they should suffer 17. was a Samaritan (e). And Jesus persecution for the cross (b) of

answering said, “Were there not Christ. For neither they them“ ten cleansed ? but where are selves who are circumcised keep “ the nine ? There are not found the law; but desire to have you " that returned to give glory to circumcised, that they may glory .66 God, save this stranger.” And in your Aesh (i). But God forhe said unto him, “ Arise, go bid that I should glory, save in " thy way: thy faith hath made the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, 166 thee whole.”

by whom the world (k) is cruci

fied unto me, and I unto the Fifteenth Sunday after Trinity.

world. For in Christ Jesus nei

ther circumcision availeth any The Collect.

thing, nor uncircumcision, but a KEEP, we beseech thee, O Lord, new creature (1). And as many thy Church with thy perpetual as walk according to this rule (m), mercy : and because the frailty peace be on them, and mercy, of man without thee cannot but and upon (n) the Israel of fall, keep us ever by thy help God. From henceforth let no il from all things hurtful, and lead

man trouble me @); for I bear


(d) “ Shew," &c. Whoever was cured of a leprosy, was bound to appear before the priest, to satisfy him of the cure, Levit. xiv. Our Saviour's command therefore, that they should go and shew themselves, &c. implied, that before they reached the priest, they should be

cleansed. 21.16. (e) “ A Samaritan.” And therefore

thought contemptuously of by the Jews. 0.12.

« To make a fair shew," &c. To keep up appearances with the Jews; or to live in outward honour, worldly con

.12. ls) “Only," &c. This is their sole

object, to avoid persecution ; for accord-
ing to verse 13. they do not keep or act

up to the Mosaic law.
0. 12. (b) “ For the cross,” &c. For preach-

ing that alone as sufficient, and decrying

circumcision, and all the Mosaic institu. tions ; for professing a dependance upon Christ alone. See Gal. v. 11.

(i) “ In your flesh," i. e. in having made you conform to the Mosaic rites.

(k) “ The world,” i. e. all worldly? pursuits, advantages, &c.

(1) “ A new creature," i. e. with change of habits, dispositions, &c. ac. cording to John iji. 3. “ born again." See ante 161. note on John iii. 3:

(m) “ This rule,” i. e. of glorying in the cross of Christ, and in that only, and of becoming “ a new creature."

(n) For" and upon," read, “as upon." !

(0) “ Trouble me," i.e. by calling in question whether I do not tolerate and sanction a compliance with the Mosaic institutions ; for I have upon my body the marks of what I have suffered for

in my body the marks of the ll “ nor gather into barns; yet 18. Lord Jesus. Brethren, the grace “ your heavenly Father feedeth

of our Lord Jesus Christ be with them. Are ye not much betyour Spirit. Amen.

66 ter than they? Which of you 27.

" by taking thought can add (t) The Gospel. Matt. vi. 24. (p)

“ one cubit unto his stature ? * No man (9) can serve two | “ And why take ye thought 28. “ masters: for either he will “ for raiment ? Consider the “ hate the one, and love the “ lilies (u) of the field, how they “ other; or else he will hold to grow; they toil not, neither do “ the one, and despise the other. they spin : and yet I say unto 29. “ Ye cannot serve God and you, that even Solomon in all “ Mammon (r). Therefore I say “ his glory was not arrayed like

unto you, Take no thought (s) " one of these. Wherefore, if 30.

for your life, what ye shall “ God so clothe the grass of the “ eat, or what ye shall drink; “ field, which to-day is, and to“ nor yet for your body, what - morrow is cast into the oven, 6 ye shall put on. Is not the " shall he not much more clothe “ life more than meat, and the s you, O ye of little faith? “ body than raiment? Behold “ Therefore take no thought, 31. " the fowls of the air : for they “ saying, What shall we eat ? or, “ sow not, neither do they reap,

6 What shall we drink? or,

standing up for the sufficiency of Christ,
and the criminality of depending in any
respect upon the Mosaic institutions.
St. Paul was a fearless professor, in de-
fiance of all danger and persecution,
knowing that if he “ confessed Christ
" before men, Christ would confess him
“ also before God,” Matt. x. 32. and
he accordingly preached, what was likely
to exasperate the unbelieving Jews at
leget to the uttermost, that the Mosaic
institutions were not only of no use, but
that the placing any the least confidence
in them, would take away all chance of
assistance from the Gospel. « Behold,
"I Paul say unto you, that if ye be
" circumcised, Christ shall profit you
"nothing," Gal. v. 2. The earnest-
ness with which St. Paul presses this
point, the extent to which he dwells
upon it, and the manner in which he ex-
horts the converts to bear up against all
persecutions, &c. affords very strong
internal evidence that these Epistles were
written whilst the Jews still continued in
power, before the destruction of Jeru-
salem. This Epistle is supposed to
have been written A. D. 52. eighteen
years before the destruction of Jeru-

(p) This is part of that discourse called “ the Sermon on the Mount."

(9). “ No man,” &c. Our Saviour had v.24. just been exhorting them to lay up for themselves treasures, not upon earth, but in heaven; and the object here is to guard against their being too much engrossed by worldly pursuits.

(r) Mammon," i. e. wealth, riches, v. 24. called in the parable of the unjust steward, ante 186. Luke xvi. 9, 11. “ the “ Mammon of unrighteousness," " the “ unrighteous Mammon."

(s) ~ Take no thought," not lite- v.25. rally, but comparatively; be not over anxious about it ; let it not occupy so much of your time, &c. as to prevent your attention to weightier matters.

(t) “ Can add;" &c. The meaning is, v.2 can any thing, however unimportant, be done by man, without the sanction, or against the will of God? And if not, God, if he thinks fit, will frustrate all your worldly pursuits.

(u) “ The lilies," &c. Many of our v. 28. Saviour's expressions arose from objects in his view at the time: the sentiment would be brought back to the recollection of his hearers whenever the object again occurred.

" Wherewithal shall we be || more by thy help and goodness, 32. “ clothed ? (for after all these || through Jesus Christ our Lord.

" things do the Gentiles seek :) Amen.
“ for your heavenly Father know-
66. eth that ye have need of all

The Epistle. Ephes. iii. 13.
" these things. But seek ye first || I DESIRE that ye faint not at my
" the kingdom of God, and his tribulations for you (x), which is
br righteousness; and all these your glory (). For this cause (2)
" things shall be added unto you. I bow my knees unto the Father
Take therefore no thought of our Lord Jesus Christ, of
66 for the morrow : for the mor whom the whole family (a) in
66 row shall take thought for the heaven and earth is named, that
" things of itself. Sufficient unto he would grant you, according to
56 the day is the evil thereof." the riches of his glory, to be

strengthened (6) with might by

his Spirit in the inner man; that Sixteenth Sunday after Trinity.

Christ may dwell (c) in your hearts

by faith ; that ye, being rooted The Collect.

and grounded in love, may be O LORD, we beseech thee, let able to comprehend with all thy continual pity cleanse and saints, what is the breadth (d), defend thy Church; and because and length, and depth and height; it cannot continue in safety with and to know the love of Christ, out thy succour, preserve it ever. which passeth knowledge (e), that

v. 13.

(x) “ For you.” This Epistle is supposed to have been written by St. Paul whilst he was in confinement at Rome. It was owing to his exertions among the Gentiles, and to his preaching amongst them, “that the Jews were no longer God's “ peculiar people, and that the Mosaic « institutions were no longer to be con“ sidered essential,” that the tumult was raised against him at Jerusalem, which led to his confinement at Cesarea, and - afterwards at Rome. See Atts xxi. 28. .-xxii. 22. he might well therefore describe his tribulations, as tribulations for

them, as being Gentiles.
v. 13. (y) “ Your glory.” Instead of faint-

ing at them, you should glory in them.
What I bear proves my sincerity, my
conviction that I am right; it shews I
am no impostor, and have no earthly
views. It should therefore inspire you

with confidence, not fear.
v. 14. (z) “ For this cause,” i. e. (looking

forward to verse 16., that God would
give you strength, &c.

(a) “ Whole family," i. e. all Christ-
ians. He calls them, Rom. viii. 17. " the

« children of God, and if children, then “ heirs, heirs of God, and joint heirs " with Christ."

(6) “ To be strengthened,” &c. i.e. Do in plainer terms, “ to have courage in “ your hearts, that God would inspire “ you with fortitude, &c.".

(c) “ May dwell,” &c. i.e. that you may make your hearts fit for his reception; that you may act in all instances as

if he dwelt within you, as if he animated | all your thoughts and actions.

(d) “ The breadth,” &c. This is per." haps nothing but a figurative mode of expressing “perfect knowledge;" to comprehend all things with the utmost aco curacy, with as much certainty as a man has who has measured the breadth, length, &c, of any solid body or space : or it may mean, to comprehend with this dis. tinctness the mystery of calling in the Gentiles.

(e) “ Which passeth knowledge,"i. e. V. which is better than all other knowledge, or, which is greater than any love ever known before, or, which is so great as that it can hardly be fully apprehende


ye might be filled with all the || " say unto thee, Arise.” And 15. 20. fullness of God. Now unto him || he that was dead sat up (k), and

that is able to do exceeding began to speak. And he deliabundantly above all that we ask vered him to his mother. And 16.

or think, according to the power there came a fear (1) on all : and 21. that worketh in us, unto him be || they glorified God, saying, “That

glory in the Church by Christ | “a great prophet is risen up
Jesus, throughout all ages, world l « among us ;" and, “ That God
without end. Amen.

“ hath visited his people.” And. 17.

this rumour of him went forth The Gospel. Luke vii. 11.

throughout all Judea, . and And it came to pass the day

throughout all the region round
after, that Jesus went into a city

called Nain; and many of his
disciples (8) went with him, and
much people. Now when he
came nigh to the gate of the city,

Seventeenth Sunday after Trinity.
behold, there was a dead man

The Colleet. carried out (b), the only son (0)

Lord, we pray thee, that thy of his mother, and she was a

grace may always prevent and widow : and much people of the

follow us; and make us conticity was with her. And when

nually to be given to all good the Lord saw her, he had com

works, through Jesus Christ our passion on her, and said unto

Lord. Amen. 14. her, “ Weep not.” And he

came and touched the bier : and The Epistle. Ephes. iv. 1.
they that bare him stood still. I THEREFORE, the prisoner of
And he said, “ Young man, I the Lord (m), beseech you that ye


D. II.


and known. See ante 33. note on

Philipp. iv. 7.
0.10. )“ Be filled," &c. So as almost to

be equal with God: as full of love to-
wards others as God himself is,

(2) “ His disciples, and much peo. “ ple.” This miracle therefore was peculiarly public : many people were with our Saviour, and according to verse 12. many with the widow.

(6) « Carried out.” It was nut lawful for the Jews to bury within their cities, because all dead bodies were by the law

unclean. 112. (i) “ Only Son,'' “ and she was a

" widow." These circumstances are noticed, to shew how proper a case our Saviour singled out, a case of peculiar distress to the mother, and therefore - strongly calling for compassion,

(k) • Sat up.” This miracle corresponds in character with the rest of our Saviour's miracles. It was public, a

work of mercy, and typical, implying a
power to raise the souls of men to life

(1) “ A fear,” &c. We are apt to v.16.
suppose that had we been witnesses of
such miracles as these, they would have
had such an influence upon us as to have
made us perfe&t Christians; but before
we flatter ourselves that a higher degree
of evidence would have had so powerful
an effect, let us carefully examine the
evidence we have, and if that admits of
no doubt, as it really does not, we have
no right to think that further evidence
would have made us better ; if we hear
not our Saviour and the Apostles, have
we any right to say that we should be
persuaded if one rose from the dead ?

(m) « Of the Lord,” i.e. for his ex- 0. I. ertions, &c. in the cause of Christianity. This Epistle is supposed to have been written whilst he was in confinement at Rome.

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