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41. “ And (r) why beholdest thou | doctrine and holy life, that we
" the mote that is in thy bro may truly repent according to his
For the Epistle. Isaiah xl. 1. (s) " that is in thine own eye? Thou
“ Comfort ye, comfort ye my “ hypocrite! cast out first the 6 people,” saith your God. 5 beam out of thine own eye, and Speak ye comfortably to Jerusa" then shalt thou see clearly to
lem, and cry unto her, that her “ pull out the mote that is in thy
warfare is accomplished, that her “ brother's eye.”
iniquity is pardoned: for she hath received of the Lord's hand
double for all her sins. The Saint John Baptist's Day.
voice (t) of him that crieth in the
wilderness, “ Prepare ye the way The Collect.
“ of the Lord, make straight in Almighty God, by whose pro. - the desert a highway for our vidence thy servant John Baptist “ God.” Every (u) valley shall was wonderfully born, and sent be exalted, and every mountain to prepare the way of thy Son our and hill shall be made low: and Saviour, by preaching of repent the crooked shall be made straight, ance; Make us so to follow his and the rough places plain : and !
(r) " And why,” &c. The same 0.41.
conduct is censured in Hor. lib.i. sat. 3.
“ Cum tua prævideas oculis mala lippus inun&tis
(s) A very spirited prophecy, inti-
(t) “ The voice,” &c. It was the practice of Eastern monarchs, when they went upon an expedition or journey, to -send pioneers before them, to open the passes, level the ways, and remove all impediments. The supposition here, that proclamation was made in the wilderness for such a preparation, implies that some uncommon personage was to be expected. St. John the Baptist ap. plies this part of the prophecy to himself, for when he was asked who he was, his answer was, “ I am the voice of one
“ crying in the wildernesss, make “ straight the way of the Lord, as said “ the prophet Esaias,” (John i. 23. ante 34.) intimating that the person so much expected was approaching, and that he was to prepare the way for him by turning men to repentance.
(u)“ Every valley,” &c. This im. 4 ports that it could be no common person for whom such extraordinary preparations were to be made. It has also been supposed to imply that at his coming, the humble should be raised, and the proud brought down. There is a passage, Baruch v. 7. upon the same idea. “For God hath appointed that every “ high hill and banks of long conti“ nuance should be cast down, and val“ lies filled up, to make even the ground, “ that Israel may go safely in the glory “ of God.” According to Diodorus Siculus, Semiramis in her journey through Asia, had the mountains and precipices levelled, and raised causeways in the vallies wherever she went. 2 Lowth's Isaiah 253. 254•
the glory of the Lord shall be re- || how the Lord had shewed great vealed, and all flesh shall see it mercy upon her; and they re
together : for the mouth of the joiced with her. And it came to 59. 6. Lord hath spoken it. The voice pass, that on the eighth day they
said, “ Cry.” And he said, came to circumcise the child; and 6. What shall I cry?” “ All they called him Zacharias, after “ flesh (x) is grass, and all the the name of his father. And his 60. " goodliness thereof is as the mother answered and said, “ Not “ flower of the field: the grass “ so; but he shall be called 56 withereth, the flower fadeth : or John.” And they said unto 61. " because the Spirit of the Lord her, “ There is none of thy kin“ bloweth upon it: surely the 66 dred that is called by this “ people is grass. The grass 66 name.” And they made signs 62. “ withereth, the flower fadeth ; to his father, how he would have
“ but the word of our God shall him called. And he asked for a 63. 9. 66 stand for ever.” O Zion, that writing-table, and wrote, saying,
bringest good tidings, get thee up “ His name is John.” And they into the high mountain ; 0 Jeru. marvelled all. And his mouth 64. salem, that bringest good tidings, was opened immediately, and his lift up thy voice with strength : tongue loosed, and he spake, and lift it up, be not afraid ; say unto praised God. And fear came on 65.
the cities of Judah, " Behold all that dwelt round about them : 10. “ your God!” Behold, the Lord and all these sayings were noised
God will come with strong hand, abroad throughout all the hilland his arm shall rule for him : country of Judea : and all they 66.
behold, his reward is with him, that heard them laid them up in II, and his work before him. He their hearts, saying, " What,
shall feed his flock like a (y) shep 6 manner of child shall this be?” herd; he shall(z)gather the lambs And the hand of the Lord was with his arm, and carry them in with him. And his father Za- 67. his bosom, and shall gently lead charias was filled with the Holy those that are with young. Ghost, and prophesied, saying,
“ Blessed be the Lord God of 68. The Gospel. Luke i. 57. (a) “ Israel ; for he hath visited and ELISABETH's full time came that - redeemed his people, and hath 69.
she should be delivered ; and she “ raised up an horn of salvation 58. brought forth a son. And her “ for us in the house of his ser
neighbours and her cousins heard “ vant David; as he spake by the 70. 66 mouth of his holy prophets, speaking, he said unto Simon, || Son Jesus Christ didst give to thy " Launch out into the deep, Apostle Saint Peter many excel 6 and let down your nets for a lent gifts, and commandedst hin “ draught.” And Simon answer earnestly to feed thy flock; Make ing said unto him, “ Master, we we beseech thee, all Bishops and “ have toiled all the night, and Pastors diligently to preach thy “ have taken nothing : neverthe holy Word, and the people obe
(x ) “ All Aesh,” &c. The object per (y) “ Shepherd.” The Messiah is v. II. haps here is to contrast the vanity and elsewhere spoken of under the name of imbecility of every thing temporal, of | a shepherd. See ante 52. note on Matt. man and all worldly pursuits, with the ii. 5. and ante 137. on John X. II. stability and certainty of what is spi (z) “ Shall gather,” &c. i.e. shall be ritual : and it might be intended to im. to his followers what a shepherd who so ply that the coming of this Personage gathers his lambs, &c. is to his flock : was for spiritual not temporal purposes, full of tender care and attention. and that all his plans, pursuits, &c. would (a) See ante p. 7. where this passage be merely spiritual.
|| occurs, and is commented upon.
Fifth Sunday after Trinity.
promised to our fathers, and thy governance, that thy Church “ to remember his holy cove may joyfully serve thee in all god“ nant, the oath which he sware
| ly quietness, through Jesus Christ “ to our father Abraham, that our Lord. Amen. “ he would grant unto us, that “ we, being delivered out of the The Epistle. 1 Peter üi. 8. " hand of our enemies, might Be ye all of one mind, having “ serve him without fear, in ho compassion one of another; love “ liness and righteousness before as brethren, be pitiful, be courte. “ him, all the days of our life. ous: not rendering evil (a) for “ And thou, Child, shalt be evil, or railing for railing ; but “ called The Prophet of the contrariwise blessing; knowing “ Highest : for thou shalt go that ye are thereunto called, that
before the face of the Lord to ye should inherit a blessing.
prepare his ways; to give For (6) “ he that will love life, “ knowledge of salvation unto Il “ and see good days, let him re"" his people, by the remission of « frain his tongue from evil, and 78. “ their sins, through the tender | “ his lips that they speak no o mercy of our God; whereby
" guile: let him eschew evil, « the Day-spring from on high and do good; let him seek 79. “ hath visited us, to give light peace, and ensue it. For the
" to them that sit in darkness eyes of the Lord are over the 66 and in the shadow of death, to righteous, and his ears are
6 guide our feet into the way of « open unto their prayers : but 80. “ peace.” And the child grew, " the face of the Lord is against
and waxed strong in spirit, and - them that do evil.”. And who was in the deserts till the day of is (c) he that will harm you, ! his shewing unto Israel.
ye be followers of that which is
v.9. (a) « Evil for evil.” St. Paul gives
the same advice to the Roman converts, Rom. xii. 17.“ Recompence to no man “evil for evil ;” and to the Thessalonians, 1 Thess. v. 15. “ See that none render “ evil for evil unto any one." Christianity does not sanction retaliation; on the contrary, it inculcates forgiveness of injuries as an essential duty, and treats the right to avenge as the peculiar privilege of God. “ Vengeance is is mine, I will repay, saith the Lord,” Rom. xii. 19. The example in this respect is furnished by our Saviour, who
according to i Pet. ï. 23. “ When he “ was reviled, reviled not again ; when “ he suffered, he threatened not."
(6) " For," &c. What follows to the end of verse 12. is transcribed from Ps. xxxiv. 12. &c. St. Peter therefore uses that authority to inforce the duty of the moderation he was recommending:
(c) “ Who is he,” &c. To follow good, is the surest way to avoid persecution; but even if the good are persecuted, they have this for their comfort, their persecutors are not " of God," and have not God's sanction,
14. good? But and if ye (d) suffer || the lake of (8) Gennesaret, and 2.
for righteousness' sake, (e) happy saw two ships standing by the are ye: and “be (f) not afraid lake: but the fishermen were “ of their terror, neither be gone out of them, and were washs troubled; but sanctify the ing their nets. And he entered 3. " Lord God in your hearts." into one of the ships, which
was (b) Simon's, and prayed him The Gospel. Luke v. I.
that he would thrust out a little It came to pass, that, as the from the land. And he sat down, people pressed upon him to hear and taught the people out of the the word of God, he stood by ship. Now when he had left 4,
(d) For “ suffer” read “ do suffer.”
(e) “ Happy.” Our Saviour has given this assurance in his Sermon on the mount, Matt. v. 10. 11. post. “Blessed ** are they which are persecuted for " righteousness sake, for theirs is the " kingdom of heaven ; blessed are ye " when men shall revile you, and perse"cute you, and shall say all 'manner of "evil against you, falsely, for my sake : " rejoice and be exceeding glad, for " great is your reward in heaven.” So 1 Pet. iv. 14. “ If ye be reproached for " the name of Chirst, happy are ye.”
() “ Be not afraid,” &c. This passage is transcribed from Is. viii. 12. 13. God said unto Isaiah,“ say ye not a con* federacy, to all them to whom this " people shall say a confederacy, neither " fear ye their fear, nor be afraid ; sanc" tify the Lord of hosts himself, and " let him be your fear, and let him be " your dread, and he shall be for a sanc"tuary." The meaning therefore here
that they should disregard all carthly persecutions, should have no fear or dread but of God, and that they should,
find bin a sanctuary against all evils. 1.5. () « The Lake of Gennesareth.”
The same as the sea of Galilee or Tiberias. It was in and near Galilee that Jesus chiefly lived, appointed his disciples, and performed his miracles, he also appeared there after his resurrection : So that he eminently fulfilled the prophecy Is. ix. 2. “ The people that walketh in " darkness (alluding to the people of " Galilee) have seen a great light; they " that dwell in the land of the shadow " of death, upon them hath the light "shined." As the beginning of Is. ix. is not very clear in our translation, and 23 Bishop Lowth has done away the obscurity, it may be of service to introduce his translation. « But there shall
“ not hereafter be darkness in the land " which was distressed; in the former time - he debased the land of Zebulun and “ the land of Naphtali ; but in the latter or time he hath made it glorious ; even « the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, “ Galilee of the nations. The people “ that walketh in darkness, have seen a “ great light, they that dwelt in the - land of the shadow of death, unto " them hath the light shined. Thou 66 hast multiplied the nation, thou hast “ increased their joy, they rejoice before " thee, as with the joy of harvest, as “ they rejoice, who divide the spoil. For “ the yoke of his burthen, the staff laid “ on his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor « hast thou broken, as in the day of “ Midian. For the greaves of the armed “ warrior in the conflict, and the gar" ment rolled in much blood shall be for " a burning, even fuel for the fire, for “ unto us, &c.” -Mr. Mede had before improved the translation, (Mede on Revel. 77. 78.) and he refers the debase. ment of the land of Zebulun, &c. to the times of Tiglathpileser, and notices that there was a highway called “ the “ way of the sea," leading from Syria through the middle of Čapernaum to Jordan, and thence by the sea of Galilee into Egypt. He observes also that our Saviour spent the greatest part of his time during his ministry in Galilee, of which Capernaum was the capital, not being in Judea, but at the time of the feasts, whereas he went through all Galilee with his apostles over and over, teaching the Gospel in all the synagogues and villages, and doing miracles, so that as this land had been eminently afflicted, he made it eminently glorious by his presence. See also Kidder 95.
(b) “ Simon's," i. e. St. Peter's.
« less at thy word I will let down diently to follow the same; tha 6. “ the net.” And when they had they may receive the crown o
this done, they inclosed a great everlasting glory, through Jesu
multitude of fishes: and their Christ our Lord. Amen. 7. net brake. And they beckoned
unto their partners, which were in the other ship, that they should
For the Epistle. Acts xii. 1. come and help them. And they ABOUT that time, Herod the came, and filled both the ships,
king stretched forth his hands, to 8. so that they began to sink. When
vex certain of the Church. And Simon Peter saw it, he fell down
he killed (1) James the brother of at Jesus' knees, saying, “ Depart
John with the sword. And be. “ from me; for I am a sinful
cause he saw it pleased the Jews, 66 man, O Lord.” For he (i) was
he proceeded further to take Peter astonished, and all that were with
also. Then were the days of unhim, at the draught of the fishes
leavened (m) bread. And when 10. which they had taken: and so
he had apprehended him, he put was also (k) James and John, the
him in prison, and delivered him sons of Zebedee, which were
to four quaternions of soldiers to partners with Simon. And Jesus
keep him ; intending after Easter said unto Simon, “ Fear not;
to bring him forth to the people. " from henceforth thou shalt Peter therefore was kept in pri 11. 66 catch men.” And when they
son; but prayer was made with. had brought their ships to land,
out ceasing of the Church unto they forsook all, and followed
God for him. And when Herod | him.
would have brought him forth,
the same night Peter was sleeping Saint Peter's Day.
between two soldiers, bound with The Collect.
two (n) chains : and the keepers O ALMIGHTY God, who by thy before the door kept the prison.
(0) « Astonished." The miracle was likely to make the stronger impression, because according to verse 5. they had been toiling all night, and had caught' nothing. It was therefore well timed.
(1) “ James," i.e. the son of Zebedee, the brother of St. John the Evangelist.
(k) “ James and John,'' i. e. that James, who according to Acts xii. 2. was afterwards killed by Herod, and St. John the Evangelist.
(m) “ The days of unleavened bread," i.e. the time of the passover, corresponding with our Easter. See Deut. xvi. 1, 2, 3.
(n) “ Bound with two chains.” The ? practice was to fasten one end of a chain to a soldier, and the other end to the prisoner.