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66 not my will, but thine, bel “ the sword ?” And (d) one of 43. “ done." And there appeared || them smote the servant of the

an angel unto him from heaven, | high priest, and cut off his right strenghtening him. And being ear. And Jesus answered and said, in an agony, he (c) prayed more “ Suffer ye thus far.” And he earnestly: and his sweat was as touched his ear, and healed him. it were great drops of blood fall Then Jesus said unto the chief ing down to the ground. And | priests, and captains of the temple, when he rose up from prayer, and the elders, which were come and was come to his disciples, he to him, “ Be ye come out, as

found them sleeping for sorrow, " against a thief, with swords 46. and said unto them, “Why sleep " and staves ? When I was daily

« ye? rise and pray, lest ye enter with you in (e) the temple ye 66 into temptation.” And while stretched forth no hands against he yet spake, behold a multitude, 66 me: but this is your hour, and and he that was called Judas, one « the power of darkness.” Then of the twelve, went before them, took they him, and led him, and

and drew near unto Jesus to kiss brought him into the high priest's 48. him. But Jesus said unto him, house. And Peter followed afar

Judas, “ Betrayest thou the Son off. And when they had kindled 49. “ of man with a kiss?” When || a fire in the midst of the hall, and

they which were about him saw were set down together, Peter sat what would follow, they said unto down among them. But a cer. him, “ Lord, shall we smite with tain maid beheld him as he sat

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the high priest's servant, he said, (John
xviii. 11.) The cup which' my Father
“ hath given me, shall I not drink it ?”

(c) “ Prayed,” &c. It is to this, pro-
bably, that the author of the Epistle to
the Hebrews refers, when in speaking of
our Saviour, Heb. v. 7. he says, “ who
“ in the days of his flesh, offered up
“ prayers and supplications, with strong
« crying and tears, unto him that was
“ able to save him from death.” Accord-
ing to Matt. xxvi. 42. his prayer the second
time was, “ O my Father, if this cup
" may not pass away from me, except
“ I drink it, thy will be done." The
greatness of our Saviour's sufferings
shews the greatness of God's abhorrence
of sin, (for otherwise he might have dis-
pensed with the sacrifice), and the great-
ness of our obligation to Jesus Christ.
As our Saviour was to take upon him-
self the sins of the whole world, and by
his sufferings to make an atonement for
them, his sufferings might at this time
be so great, as to be almost more than
could, in a state of human nature, be
born: and the fact may be recorded to

shew that God's abhorrence of sin was 60 great, that it was as much as his own Son could do to bear the punishment. Should not man's thankfulness to our Saviour be in proportion to his sufferings?

(d) “ One of them," i. e. Peter. See o note on Mark xiv. 47. ante 102.

(e) “ In the temple.” He might possibly wish to bring to their recollection the prophecies that the Messiah should come to that temple. In Hag. ii. 7. 9. as an encouragement to go on with the temple they were then building, God said unto them, The desire of all nations shall come, and I will fill this “ house with glory, saith the Lord of “ hosts : the glory of this latter house « shall be greater than of the former," (i. e. Solomon's, which had been de. stroyed), " saith the Lord of hosts : “ and in this house will I give peace, - saith the Lord of hosts." And in Mal. iii. 1. is this prophecy : “ The Lord “ whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple ; even the Messenger of “ the Covenant, whom ye delight « in."

on

codwhen this

by the fire, and earnestly looked | against him. And as soon as it 66.

upon him, and said, “ This man was day, the elders of the people 57. “ was also with him.” And he and the chief priests and the

denied him, saying, “ Woman, scribes came together, and led 58. “ I know him not." And after him into their council, saying,

a little while another saw him, 6 Art thou the Christ ? tell us.” 67. and said, “ Thou art also of And he said unto them, “ If I

" them.” And Peter said, || “ tell you, ye will not believe : 59. “ Man, I am not." And about " and if I also (g) ask you, ye 68.

the space of one hour after, ano 6 will not answer me, nor let me ther confidently affirmed, saying, 6 go. Hereafter shall the Son 69. « Of a truth this fellow also was | 6 of man sit on the right hand

" with him ; for he is a Gali 6 of the power of God.” Then 70. 60. 6 lean.” And Peter said, “ Man, said they all, “ Art thou then the

6 I know not what thou sayest.” " Son of God?” And he said

And immediately, while he yet unto them, “ Ye (b) say that I 51. spake, the cock crew. And the “ am.” And they said, “ What 71.

Lord turned, and looked upon “ need we any further witness ?
Peter. And Peter remembered “ for we ourselves have heard of
the word of the Lord, how he “ his own mouth."
had said unto him, “ Before the

“ cock crow, thou shalt deny me 62. “ thrice.” And Peter went out, 63. and wept bitterly. And the men

Thursday before Easter. that held Jesus mocked him, and 64. smote (f) him. And when they

The Epistle. 1 Cor. xi. 17. (i) had blindfolded him, they struck In this that I declare unto you I 'him on the face, and asked him, praise you not, that ye come tosaying, “ Prophesy, who is it that gether not for the better, but for 6 smote thee?” And many other the worse. For first of all, when 18. things blasphemously spake they ye come together in the Church,

9.63. ()“ Smote him," &c. This fulfilled drink in common as one body or com

the prophecy, Isaiah I. 6. See ante 104. pany, but separated themselves into v. 68. (8) “ Ask," i.e. perhaps, question, parties, and each party kept its own

interrogate you, by asking if particular food to itself, and eat it at their own signs do not belong to the Messiah, and time, without allowing the others to par

if they have not been fulfilled in me. take of it, or waiting till the whole as0.70. (b) “ Ye say,” &c. that is, “ I am." sembly was ready ; that they eat and

See note on Mark xv. 2. ante 105. drank as at a common meal, and some

(i) This portion of Scripture was in times to excess, without treating it, as it tended to correct the conduct of the ought to be treated, as a memorial of the Corinthians in the celebration of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, in thankful Lord's Supper, by pointing out to them and reverent remembrance of his sufferthe object of the institution, the incon ings, and to shew forth his death till he sistency of their conduct with that object, should come again. And St. Paul intiand the visitations of God upon them for mates to them, that for these abuses such condu&. The abuses among them | many of the converts were visited with seem to have been these ; that though || sickness, and even with death, and that they met together in one place, they did | the rest would continue to be so visited, not communicate together, and eat and ll unless they rectified their conduct.

I hear that there be (k) divisions | said, " Take, eat; this is my

among you; and I partly believe « body, which is broken for you: 19. it. For there (1) must be also “ this do in remembrance of me."

heresies among you, that they || After the same manner also he

which are approved may be made took the cup, when he had supped, 20. manifest among you. When ye saying, “ This cup is the new tes

come together therefore into one “tament(s) in my blood : this do

place, this (m) is not to eat the | " ye, as oft as ye drink it, in re21. Lord's supper. For in eating, “ membrance of me.” For as

every one taketh before (n) other often as ye eat this bread, and his own supper : and one is hun drink this cup, ye do shew the

gry(), and another is (P) drunken. Lord's death till he come. Where22. What! have ye not houses to eat | fore, whosoever shall eat this

and to drink in? or despise ye the bread, and drink this cup of the Church of God, and shame them Lord, (t)unworthily, shall (u) be

that (9) have not? What shall I guilty of the body and blood of ..say to you? shall I praise you in the Lord. But let a man exa23. this? I praise you not. For I mine (x) himself, and (y) so let

have (r) received of the Lord that him eat of that bread, and drink which also I delivered unto you, of that cup. For he that eateth That the Lord Jesus, the same and drinketh unworthily, eateth

night in which he was betrayed, and drinketh (z) dainnation to 24. took bread : and when he had himself, not (a) discerning the

given thanks, he brake it, and Lord's body. For this cause many

V.19.

v.18.

(k) “ Divisions” He had noticed, in communications to him were not from chap. iii. verse 4. that they classed them. man, but from God. See Gal. i. 1. selves under several leaders, one saying, (s) “ Testament,” rather “covenant." “ I am of Paul, and another of Apollos.” See ante 107. note on Heb. ix. 16. And it is perhaps to such divisions that (t) “ Unworthily," i. e. probably, in : he here alludes.

the irreverent manner here complained of. (1) “ Must be." Not necessarily, but (u) “ Shall be guilty of," i. e. (perthe dispositions of men will so incline haps) shall incur guilt from eating, rather them. The same form of speech as than derive benefit: according to verse 17. occurs, Matt. xviii. 7. “ It must needs shall be the worse for having come toge. “ be that offences come.”

ther, not the better ; or it may be, shall be v.20. (m) “ This is not,” &c. i.e. this can as those who crucified our Saviour. In

not be so called; it is not sufficient that Heb. vi 6. apostates are said to “ crucify

you all eat, &c. in the same place. “ to themselves the Son of God afresh.” v.21. (n)“ Before other.” Not waiting for (x) « Examine himself,” i.e. prothem See verse 33.

bably, look to his conduct, consider the v. 21. (0)“ Is hungry," i. e. takes a full importance and solemnity of the institumeal, eats as much as is necessary to

tion. satisfy the calls of a craving appetite. (1) “ So,” i. e. probably, with prov.21. (o) “ Is drunken," i.e. drinks to per notions of its importance. excess.

(z) “ Damnation, i.e. condemnation, v.22. (9) “ Them that have not," i. e, the punishment; such judgments as those

poorer converts; those who have nothing mentioned in the next verse, being made
of their own to contribute, to bring to weak and sickly.
the solemnity.

(a) “ Not discerning,” &c. i.e. not v.23. (r) “ I have received of the Lord.treating it with the reverence to which

So that it is entitled to the fullest atten. il an institution so ordained by Christ 18 tion. St. Paal often intimates that the entitled.

are weak and sickly among you, | man were a Galilean. And as 7. 31. and many sleep. For if we would soon as he knew that he belonged

judge (6) ourselves, we should unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent 32. not be(c) judged. But when(d) him to Herod, who himself also

we are judged, we are chastened was at Jerusalem at that time. of the Lord, that we should not And when Herod saw Jesus, he 8.

be condemned with the world. was exceeding glad: for he was 33. Wherefore, my brethren, when desirous to see him of a long sea

ye come together to eat, tarry one son, because he had heard many 34. for another. And if any man things of him: and he hoped to

hunger, let him eat at home; that have seen some miracle done by ye come not together unto con him. Then he questioned with 9. demnation. And the rest will I him in many words; but he anset in order when I come.

swered him nothing. And the 10.

chief priests and scribes stood and The Gospel. Luke xxiii, 1,

vehemently accused him. And il. The whole multitude of (e) them Herod with his men of war set

arose, and led him unto Pilate. him at nought, and mocked him, 2. And they began to accuse him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous

saying, “ We found this fellow robe, and sent him again to Pi“ perverting the nation, and for late. And the same day Pilate 12. “ bidding to give tribute to Cesar, and Herod were made friends to

“ saying that he himself is Christ gether : for before they were at 3. “ a King." And Pilate asked | enmity between themselves. And 13.

him, saying, “ Art thou the King Pilate, when he had called toge“ of the Jews ?And he an. ther the chief priests and the rulers

swered him, and said, “ ( Thou and the people, said unto them, 4. “ sayest it.” Then said Pilate " Ye have brought this man unto 14.

to the chief priests and to the « me as one that perverteth the

people, “ I find no (8) fault in “ people; and, behold, I, having 5. “ this man.” And they were examined him before you, have

the more fierce, saying, " He 6 found no fault in this man, “ stirreth up the people, teach 6 touching those things whereof “ ing throughout all Jewry, be “ ye accuse him : No, nor yet 15..

ginning from Galilee to this “ Herod : for I sent you to him: 6. “ place." When Pilate heard 6 and, lo, nothing worthy of

of Galilee, he asked whether the 6 death is done unto him. I will 16.

31. (6) “ Judge ourselves," i. e. examine,

look to our own conduct. 31. (c) “ Be judged,” i. e. bring down

judgments upon ourselves, such as sickness, &c.

(d) “ When,” &c. i. e. these judg. | ments upon us, of sickness, &c. are chastenings from the Lord, for our good, to keep us from the heavier condemnation which will fall upon unbelievers.

12.

(e) « Of them," i. e. of the Jewish v. I. council. See Luke xxii. 66.ante 113.

(f) “ Thou sayest it," i.e. “ I am,” v. 3. See note on Mark xv. 2. ante 105.

($) “ No fault.” Though our Saviour v. 4. had just told Pilate that he was king of the Jews, yet according to John xviii. 36. he had before told him his kingdom was not of this world :" and the claiming a spiritual kingdomcould give no real ground of offence to the Roman government.

6 therefore chastise him, and re- || that () for sedition and murde 17. “ lease him.” (For of necessity | was cast into prison, whom the

he must release one unto them at had desired; but he delivered Je 18. the feast.) And they cried out sus to their will. And as the

all at once, saying, “ Away with led him away, they laid hold upoi

" this man, and release unto us one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming 19. “ Barabbas :" (who for a certain out of the country, and on hin

sedition made in the city, and for they laid the cross, that he migh

murder, was cast into prison.) || bear it after Jesus. And ther 20. Pilate therefore, willing to release || followed him a great company 21. Jesus, spake again to them. But people, and of women, which als

they cried, saying, “ Crucify him, bewailed and lamented him. Bu 22. “ crucify him.” And he said Jesus turning unto them, said

unto them the third time, “ Why, “ Daughters of Jerusalem, wee 6 what evil hath he done? I “ not for me, but weep for your " have found no cause of death “ selves, and for your children

« in him: I will therefore chas “ For, behold, (k) the days an 3. “ tise him, and let him go.” And “ coming, in the which they shal

they were (b) instant with loud 6 say, Blessed are the (1) barren voices, requiring that he might " and the wombs that never bare be crucified. And the voices of 6 and the paps which never gan

them and of the chief priests pre « suck. Then shall they begi 24. vailed. And Pilate gave sentence " to say to the mountains, “Fal

that it should be as they required. 6 on (m) us;" and to the hills 25. And he released unto them him “ “ Cover us." For if (n) they

W. 25.

v. 23. (6) “ Instant,” &c. According to unusual distress. It occurs, Hos, I. &.

John xix. 12. they told Pilate, « If • They shall say to the mountains, Cover “ thou let this man go, thou art not “ us, and to the hills, Fall on us.” And “ Cæsar's friend : whosoever maketh Rev. vi. 15 to 17. “ The kings of thi “ himself a king is not Cæsar's friend.” “ earth, and the great men," &c. &q And Pilate might be afraid that some “ hid themselves in the dens and in th complaint might be made against him at “ rocks of the mountains, and said to th Rome, if he discharged him.

“ mountains and rocks, Fall on us, an (i) “ Him that for sedition," &c. i. e. “ hide us from the face of him the Barabbas.

~ sitteth on the throne, and from th (k) “ The days,” &c. The time of “ wrath of the Lamb, for the great da the destruction of Jerusalem. See note on ~ of his wrath is come; and who shra Rom. xiii, 11. ante 25. and on Luke xxi. “ be able to stand ?" 25. ante 29.

(n) “ If,” &c. This was perhaps 20. (1) “ The barren,” &c. Because they proverbial expression ; and the meanin

would have none to take care of or to be may be, if an innocent person is so treate anxious for but themselves: no incum what shall be the condition of the sinful brances to prevent their flight. Our Savi. “ Green trees,” and “ dry trees,” we our, in his famous prophecy as to these phrases among the Jews, to denote gor times, Matt. xxiv. 19. says, “ Woe unto and bad men; and it was a prover “ them that are with child, and to them “ Two dry trees will burn a green one “ that give suck in those days;" perhaps i. e. two bad men will corrupt a go considering the impediment these circum- | one. And Ez. xx. 47. God threate

stances would occasion to a rapid Right. to “ devour every green and dry tree 9. 30. (m) “ Fall on us," &c. This was a | i.e. to cut off the righteous and

common expression to denote times of wicked.

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