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their heads, and saying, “ Ah, || that stood by, when they heard “ thou that (n) destroyest the || it, said, “ Behold, he calleth “ temple, and buildest it in three “ Elias.” And one ran and filled 36.

6 days, save thyself, and come a spunge full of (9) vinegar, and 81. * down from the cross.” Like put it on a reed, and gave him to wise also the chief priests, mock drink, saying, “ Let alone; let ing, said among themselves with 66 us see whether Elias will come the scribes, “ He saved others; “ to take him down.” And 37.

himself he cannot save. Let Jesus cried with a loud voice, * Christ the King of Israel de and gave up the ghost. And 38. “scend now from the cross, that the () veil of the temple was “ we may see and believe.” And rent in twain from the top to the they that (0) were crucified with bottom. And when the centu- 39. him reviled him. And when the rion, which stood over against sixth hour was come, there was him, saw that he so cried out, darkness over the whole land un and gave up the ghost, he said, til the ninth hour. And at the || “ Truly (s) this man was the Son ninth hour Jesus cried with a 66 of God.” loud voice, saying, “ Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani ?which is,

Wednesday before Easter. being interpreted, “ My () God, “ my God, why hast thou for

The Epistle. Hebrews ix. 16. (6) is." saken me?” And some of them Where a (u) testament is, there

(a) “That destroyest,” &c. See note

on Matt. xxvii. 40.' (ante 95.) 132. (6) « They that were crucified with

" him." See note on Matt. xxvii. 44.

(ante 96.) .34. (a) “ My God," &c. See note on

* Matt. xxvi. 46. 1.36. ) “ Vinegar.” See ante 96. note

Matt. xxvii. 48. 7.38. (7)* Veil.” See note on Matt. xxvii.

51. (ate 96.) 0.39. (1) "Truly,” &c. See ante 97. note

on Matt. xxvii. 54.

(1) A continuation of the contrast between the atonement by Christ, and that under the Mosaic dispensation. See

azite 89.
6, 16. (w) “ A testament.” The word which

is here rendered “ testament,” is in this,
and parts of the preceding and following
chapter, and elsewhere, rendered “ cove-
"nant," Heb. viii. 6. 9. 10.-ix. 4.-
X. 16. And it is difficult, in our idea of
the word “ testament,” in verse 15. 18.
to understand how our Saviour was the
Mediator of a new testament, or how the
Mosaic dispensation can be called “ a
" testament.” Who, it may be asked,
was the testator in either dispensation?

Not the Father, for he has never undergone death ; not Moses in the first, for that was in force during his life, and the only death there was of bulls and of goats”; not Jesus Christ in the second, for he was the Mediator only. The translation of this and the next two verses should perhaps be, “ where there is a covenant, " (i. e, a covenant of expiation, as this is, “ or a covenant between God and man,) " there must also of necessity be the « death of that which is to be the expiation : “ for it is on account of the sacrifices, the deaths, that the covenant is of " force : for it is of no force so long as “ that which is to be the expiation is “ alive : wherefore, it was not without “ blood that even the first covenant was " established.” It was probably familiar with the Jews to accompany with some sacrifice whatever they considered a covenant with God; and from Abel's time, the sacrifice of animals was considered acceptable to God. One of the senses of dial. Insus is, “ to appease, to satisfy;" and danxen may therefore mean an atone. ment, a satisfaction, or as I have expressed it, “a covenant of expiation.” What is translated in the Bible, “ after

must also of necessity be the death || are by the law purged with blood 17. of the testator. For a testament ll and without shedding of blood i

is of force after men are dead : | no remission. It was therefori

otherwise it is of no strength at all necessary that the patterns (y) 18. while the testator liveth. Where things in the heavens should bi

upon neither the first testament purified with (2) these ; but thi

was dedicated without blood. heavenly (a) things themselve 19. For when (x) Moses had spoken with better sacrifices than these

every precept to all the people For Christ is not entered into th according to the law, he took the holy places made (6) with hands blood of calves and of goats, with which are the figures of the true water, and scarlet wool, and hys but into heaven itself, now to ap. sop, and sprinkled both the book pear in the presence of God foi and all the people, saying, “ This us : Nor yet that he should offer " is the blood of the testament himself often, as the high priest en.

which God hath enjoined unto tereth (c) into the holy place every 66 you.” Moreover, he sprinkled year with blood of others; (for likewise with blood both the ta. then must he often have suffered

bernacle and all the vessels of the | since the foundation of the world:) 22. ministry. And almost all things but now once, in the end of the


“ men are dead,” is in the original “ ing all these words." Exod. xxiv. 3 “ 170 vix poss;" and it, with a dative case to 8. after it, may signify " on account of; so (v) “ Patterns of things in the heathat the translation will be, “ on account “ vens," i. e. the tabernacle, &c. which u of the deaths, or the dead bodies.” Moses made according to the pattern In Ps. 1. 5. mention is made of those who of what God shewed him in the Mount, had made a covenant with God, “ with (Exod. xxv. 9:—Heb. viii. 5.), and which « sacrifice," 87. Juginis.

were considered as corresponding with (a) “When Moses," &c. After Moses what was in heaven. “ The holy places had received from God the ten command. “ made with hands," in verse 24. are ments, and divers other laws, he “ told called “ the figures of the true." " the people all the words of the Lord, L (2) “ These," i.e. the blood of bulls " and all the judgments: and all the Il and goats. “ people answered with one voice, and (a) “The heavenly things themselves," “ said, All the words which the Lord i. e. heaven itself. The meaning of the “ hath said will we do. And Moses verse seems to be this; that it was neces. 6 wrote all the words of the Lord, and sary the blood of bulls and of goats should “ built an altar, and twelve pillars, ac be shed to purify those who should enter 6 cording to the twelve tribes of Israel. into the tabernacle, and that to purify for “ And he sent young men of the Children an entrance into heaven itself, much more 66 of Israel, which offered burnt-offerings, valuable blood, even that of Christ him. " and sacrificed peace-offerings of oxen self, was shed. “ unto the Lord. And Moses took half (6) « Made with hands," i.e. of hu“ of the blood, and put it in basons : man workmanship,-here on earth, which " and half of the blood he sprinkled on are only the figures or representations “ the altar. And he took the Book of of what is in heaven. « the Covenant, and read in the audience (c) “ Entereth," &c. Once every year, “ of the people : and they said, All that on the tenth day of the seventh month, “ the Lord hath said will we do, and be the high priest was to make an atonement “ obedient. And Moses took the people, in the holy place for the sanctuary, for “ and sprinkled it on the people, and said, || the tabernacle of the congregation, for “ Behold the blood of the covenant which the altar, for the priests, and for all the " the Lord hath made with you concern- ll congregation. See Lev. xvi. 11 to 34..

world hath he appeared, to put || him unto them in the absence of

away sin by the sacrifice of him the multitude. Then came the 7. 27. self. And as it is appointed unto day(b) of unleavened bread, when

men once to die, but after this the passover must be killed. And: 8. 28. the judgement; so (d) Christ was he sent Peter and John, saying,

once offered to bear the sins of " Go and prepare us the passmany (e); and unto them that “ over, that we may eat.” And 9. look for him shall he appear the they said unto him, “ Where wilt second time, without (f) sin, unto 6 thou that we prepare?” And 10. salvation.

he said unto them, “ Behold,

66 when ye are entered into the The Gospel. Luke xxii. 1.

« city, there shall a (i) man meet Now the feast (g) of unleavened 66 you, bearing a pitcher of water:

bread drew nigh, which is called “ follow him into the house where 2. “ The Passover.” And the chief " he entereth in. And ye shall 11.

priests and scribes sought how « say unto the good man of the . they might kill him ; for they " house, “ The Master saith un3. feared the people. Then entered " to thee, Where is the guest

Satan into Judas surnamed Isca 6 chamber, where I shall eat the

riot, being of the number of the os passover with my disciples ?” 4. twelve. And he went his way, 6s And he shall shew you a large 12.

and communed with the chief 66 upper room furnished : there

priests and captains, how he might " make ready.” And they went, 13. 5. betray him unto them. And they and found as he had said unto

were glad, and covenanted to give them : and they made ready the 6. him money. And he promised, passover. And when the hour 14.

and sought opportunity to betray was come, he (k) sat down, and

.28. (d) “ So Christ,” &c. The meaning

is, as it is with man, that he dieth once
only, and after that comes judgment, so
is it with Christ; he was to be offered once
only, and his second appearance will be
to judge the world. The literal, and
perhaps the better translation of this
verse seems to be, "$o Christ, having
“ been once offered to bear the sins of
« many, shall the second time be seen
“ without sin to those who look to him
“ for salvation."

(e) « Of many,” not indiscriminately
of all; but of such as feel their own in-
sufficiency, and the advantages of the
atonement he has made, and humbly look
up to him, and endeavour to walk in his

() “ Without sin," i. e. probably, in a far different state from that in which he was, when he was taking upon himself the sins of the world ; not in a state of humility, as one who had sins upon him, but in a state of glory, as one who was

without sin, as the great Judge, to give
salvation to those that look for him, and
to punish those who do not.

1o) “ The feast,” &c, “the passover.” v. r. See note on Mark xiv. 1. ante 99.

(b) “ The day,” &c. i.e. the evening v.7. which began that day at the end of which the paschal lamb was to be slain : they reckoned their days from evening to evening: according to Gen. i. 5. the evening and the morning were the first day; and according to Gen. xii. 18. on the fourteenth day of the first month, at even, they were to eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month, at even.

(0) « A man meet you," &c. See v. 1o. note on Mark xiv. 13. ante 100.

(k) “ He sat down,” &c. Q. To what? v. 14, He was crucified on the day of the preparation ; the day before the Sabbath ; the day before the passover was to be eaten. St. Mark xv. 42. says it was the preparation, the “ day before the Sab.

v. 28.

the twelve apostles with him. || - This cup is the new ( ) test: 15. And he said unto them, “ With | “ ment in my blood, which

66 desire I have desired to eat this « shed for you. But, behold
- passover with you before I suf 66 the hand of him that ( be
“ fer : for I say unto you, I will sc trayeth me is with me on th
“ not any more eat thereof, un 6 table. And truly the Son
6 til (1) it be fulfilled in the king " man goeth as it was (9) detei
6 dom of God.” And he took 66 mined: but (r) woe unto tha
the cup, and gave thanks, and 66 man by whom he is betrayed!

said, “Take this, and divide it And they began to inquire amon 18. « among yourselves : for I say themselves, which of them it wa

- unto you, I will not drink of that should do this thing. (s) An 56 the (m) fruit of the vine, until there was also a strife among

" the kingdom of God shall them, which of them should be 19. “ come." And he took bread, accounted the greatest. And ht

and gave thanks, and brake it, said unto them, “ The kings ol and gave unto them, saying, o the Gentiles exercise lordship “ This (11) is my body which is 6 over them; and they that ex“ given for you: this do in re 66 ercise authority upon them are 6 membrance of me." Likewise 66 called Benefactors. But (t)ye also the cup after supper, saying, 66 shall not be so: but he that is

“ bath ;” Matt. xxvii. 62. implies the (n) “ This,” &c. See note on Mark
same thing ; Luke xxiii. 54. says, “ that xiv. 22. ante ioi.
6 day was the preparation, and the Sab. (0) « Testament,” or “ covenant."
6 bath drew on ;” and John xix. 31. as- | See ante 107, note on Heb. ix. 16.
signs as a reason for beseeching Pilate (p)“ Betrayeth me.” See note on
that their legs might be broken, &c. Mark xiv. 18. ante 100.
“ because it was the preparation, that the (9) “ Determined,” i. e. in God's :
" bodies should not remain on the cross counsels. His sufferings and death were
“ on the Sabbath day, for that Sabbath fully foretold in that remarkable chapter,
6 day was a high day.” According to Isaiah liji. The seventh verse is, “ he
John xviii. 28. “they,” (i.e. the chief “ was oppressed, and he was afflicted,
priest and elders) “ went not into the " vet he opened not his mouth : he is
& judgment hall, lest they should be de 1 “ brought as a lamb to the slaughter,"
“ filed, but that they might eat the pass &c.
over,” which implies that it was not (r) “Woe.According to Matt. xxvii.
then eaten. And according to John xix. 4, 5. he “ repented, when he saw what
14. whilst Jesus was before Pilate, “ it " was done, and went and hanged him.
“ was the preparation of the passover, and “ self.” This prophetic declaration,
“ about the sixth hour.” The paschal therefore, of our Saviour, had so far a
lamb was to be eaten on the fourteenth very speedy accomplishment.
day of the first month at even, and no L (s) “ And,” &c. According to Matt. 9
thing was to remain of it unto the morn- xx. 25. 29. and Mark x. 42. 46. this
ing. Exod. xii. 6. 10. Lev. xxiii. 5. || happened at an earlier period : before they
Numb. ix. 3. And see verse 12.

reached Jericho, on their way to Jerusalem. v. 16. (I) “ Until it be fulfilled,” &c. May (t) “ Ye shall not be so," i. e. you i

not this mean, until that great sacrifice shall exercise, no lordship over others; in God's dispensation as to the Messiah, shall have no temporal power : he shall of which this is a figure, until that true be greatest among you who has the most

Paschal Lamb, shall be offered up? complete controul over himself; who v. 18. (m) The fruit.” In Matt. xxvi. 29. subdues his own pride, his own appetites

it is this fruit,” which might mean this and passions, and makes the greatest cup of the passover.

sacrifices for the benefit of others.

“ greatest among you, let him be said unto them. 6. When I sent “ as the younger; and he that “ you without purse, and scrip, “ is chief, as he that doth serve. 1 « and shoes, lacked ye any “ For whether is greater, he that " thing ?” And they said, “ No“ sitteth at meat, or he that ser 65 thing.” Then said he unto 36. “ veth? is not he that sitteth at them, “ But (y) now, he that * meat ? but I am among you as “ hath a purse, let him take it, “ he (u) that serveth. Ye are " and likewise his scrip: and he

" they which have continued with " that hath no sword, let him 19. “ me in my temptations : And I | " sell his garment and buy one.

“ appoint unto you a kingdom, " For I say unto you, That this 37. “ as my Father hath appointed " that is (2) written must yet be “ unto me; that ye may eat and accomplished in me, “ And he “ drink at my table in my king was reckoned among the trans6 dom, and sit on thrones, judg “ gressors :" for the things con

6 ing the twelve tribes of Israel.” “ cerning me have an end.” And 38. 31. And the Lord said, “ Simon, Si they said, “ Lord, behold, here

“ mon, behold, Satan hath de " are two swords.” And he said “ sired to have you, that he may unto them, “ It is enough.” And 39. - sift you as wheat: but I have he came out, and went, as he was “ prayed for thee, that thy faith wont, to the mount of Olives; “ fail not: and when thou art and his disciples also followed

s converted (x), strengthen thy him. And when he was at the 40. 33. “ brethren." And he said unto place, he said unto them, “ Pray

him, “ Lord, I am ready to go " that (a) ye enter not into " with thee, both into prison and “ temptation.” And he was 41. 34“ to death.” And he said, “I withdrawn from them about a

“ tell thee, Peter, the cock shall || stone's cast, and kneeled down, “ not crow this day before that and prayed, saying, “ Father, if 42.

" thou shalt thrice deny that “ thou be willing, remove this 35. “ thou knowest me.” And he 6 cup (6) from me: nevertheless

*.27. () * As he that serveth.” Not in U " (or for) the transgressors. See note

worldly pomp, but benefiting mankind : on Mark xv. 28. ante 106.

Tot courting homage, but doing good. (a) • Pray that,” &c. This may v. 40. 9.32. (*) “ Converted.” May not this mean, either mean that they were to pray against

when thou shalt turn again, after having temptation, that this was to be the subdenied me, as I know thou wilt.

ject of their prayer, or generally, that 3.36. () “ But now," &c. This was pro they were to pray, leaving the subject to

bably to forewarn them that they would them, and that strength against temptahave to encounter much greater dangers tion would be the consequence. and difficulties in preaching the Gospel (6) “ Cup,” i.e. of affiction, the suf- v.42. than when he had sent them out before : ferings I am about to undergo. In that they would be in want of food, in Mark x. 38. our Saviour said to James danger of bodily harm, and should there and John, “ Can ye drink of the cup that fore provide for all emergencies.

“ I drink of, and be baptized with the 37. (z) “ Written.” This passage is in “ baptism that I am baptized with ?”

Isaiah liji. 12. “ He was numbered with meaning to put the question, whether " the transgressors, and he bare the sin they could bear whatever he could. And " of many, and made intercession with li when he checked Peter for having smitten

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