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30. “ offended, yet will not I.” And | 6 tation. The spirit truly is

Jesus saith unto him, “ Verily 1 || “ ready, but the flesh is weak.” ss say unto thee, That this day, || And again he went away, and “ even in this night, before the prayed, and spake the same

66 cock crow twice, thou shalt words. And when he returned, 31. “ deny me thrice." But he he found them asleep again : for

spake the more vehemently, “ If | their eyes were heavy: neither " I should die with thee, I will wist they what to answer him.

“ not deny thee in any wise.” And he cometh the third time, 32. Likewise also said they all. And and saith unto them, “ (n) Sleep

they came to a place which was 6 on now, and take your rest : named Gethsemane: and he saith " it is enough, the hour is come:

to his disciples,,“ Sit ye here, “ behold, the Son of man is be33. “ while I shall pray.” And he “ trayed into the hands of sin

taketh with him Peter and James 66 ners. Rise up, let us go; and John, and began to be sore - lo, he that betrayeth me is amazed, and to be very heavy; rs at hand.” And immediately, and saith unto them, “ My soul while he yet spake, cometh Ju" is exceeding sorrowful unto das, one of the twelve, and with

“ death : tarry ye here, and him a great multitude with swords .“ watch.” And he went for. and staves, from the chief priests

ward a little, and fell 0:1 the || and the scribes and the elders. ground, and prayed that, if it And he that betrayed him had

were possible, the hour might given them a token, saying, 36. pass from him. And he said, " Whomsoever I shall kiss, that

“ Abba, Father, all things are " same is he: take him, and lead “ possible unto thee; take away “ him away safely.” And as , Śr this cup from me: neverthe soon as he was come, he goeth « less not what I will, but what straightway to him, and saith, 66 thou wilt." And he cometh, “ Master, master;" and kissed and findeth them sleeping, and him. And they laid their hands saith unto Peter, “ Simon, sleep on him, and took him. And 4

" est thou? couldest not thou one (o) of them that stood by 38. “ watch one hour? watch ye and drew a sword, and smote a ser

“ pray, lest ye enter into temp vant of the high priest, and cuț

apostles, who, according to v. 50. for. sook him and fled, and yet, after his crucifixion, gave up their whole lives to the preaching his gospel and asserting 'his pretensions, in defiance of the severest persecutions, may be reconciled upon this supposition, that they had afterwards a certain knowledge that he had risen from the dead, that he had ascended into heaven, and had conferred on them the gift of the Holy Ghost. Is there any other ground upon which these contrarieties in their conduct can be explained ? See Maltby, 137. 145.

(n) For “ sleep on now," the reading should perhaps be, interrogatively, “Do ye still sleep,” &c. even now, when the son of man is on the point of being betrayed ?

(o) “ One of them,” viz. Peter. See o John xviii. x. St. John alone names Peter as the person who did this, and the reason may be this, that all the gospels but St. John's were published in Peter's life-time, and it might have exposed him unnecessarily to persecution, had they named him. Peter perhaps expected that our Saviour would now

48. off his ear. And Jesus answered | cil sought for witness against

and said unto them, “ Are (o) ye | Jesus to put him to death, and
« come out, as against a thief, found none. For many bare false 56.
“ with swords and with staves to witness against him, but their wit- .
“ take me? I was daily with you ness agreed not together. And 57.
« in the temple teaching, and ye there arose certain, and bare false

" took me not: but the Scrip. witness against him, saying, “ We 58, 50. “ tures must be fulfilled.” And “ heard him say, “I (s) will de

they (9) all forsook him, and fled. stroy this temple that is made 51. And there followed him a certain 56 with hands, and within three

young man, having a linen cloth 6 days I will build another made

cast about his naked body ; and 66 without hands.” But neither 59. 52. the young men laid hold on him: so did their witness agree toge.

and he (r) left the linen cloth, ther. And the high priest stood 60. 53. and fled from them naked. And up in the midst, and asked Jesus,

they led Jesus away to the high saying, "6 Answerest thou no-
priest: and with him were as- | - thing? what is it which these

sembled all the chief priests and “ witness against thee?” But he 61, 54. the elders and the scribes. And held his peace, and answered

Peter followed him afar off, even nothing. Again(t) the high priest
into the palace of the high priest: asked him, and said unto him,

and he sat with the servants, and " Art thou the Christ, the Son 55. warmed himself at the fire. And “ of the Blessed ?" And Jesus 62.

the chief priests and all the coun said, “I am: and ye shall see

assume the appearance, &c. of a temporal they were probably overpowered by sur-
prince, and his courage might have been prize, from not expecting that this could
raised by what he had seen at the trans ever happen to the true Messiah, and
figuration, and by what he had seen of surprize may, for a time at least, drive
the temper of the multitude at our Sa out reason.
viour's triumphant entry into Jerusalem. (r) “Left," &c. This may be men- v. 52.

See Maltby, 137.-1 Jort. Rem. 212. tioned to shew how great their fear 0.47. () According to Matt. xxvi. 52. and was ; the young man chose rather to

John xviii. 11. our Saviour checked lose the only garment he had than be
Peter, “ Put up again thy sword into detained.
“ his place ; for all they that take the (s) “ I will destroy," &c. See ante 95, v. 58.
“ sword shall perish with the sword. note on Matt. xxvii. 40. .
The cup which my Father hath given ll (t) “ Again,” &c. According to the v.61
“ me, shall I not drink it?" And ac parallel place, Matt. xxvi. 63. the high
cording to Luke xxii. 51. he immediately priest, upon putting this question, ad-

touched the man's ear, and healed him. dressed our Saviour with this solemn 9.50. (9) “ All forsook him." This is an adjuration, “ I adjure thee by the living

other inscance of the candour of the « God, that thou tell us whether thou
Evangelists in mentioning their own “ be the Christ the Son of God.” And
weaknesses. It might be inconsistent it is supposed, that upon a question so
with their ideas of the Messiah, that he put, no Jew could refuse to answer.
should be seized as a malefactor, and they Dr. Hammond says, it obliged the per-
might be afraid of being called to ac son adjured to speak and answer truly, as
count for the injury to the high priest's much as if he had taken an oath. And
servant. It may indeed be thought re this accounts for our Saviour's answering
markable, after the evidence his miracles a question when so put, though till that
afforded, that any circumstances should ll time he had held his peace, and answered
have induced them to desert him ; but nothing.

the Son of man sitting (u) on || And he denied it again. And a “ the right hand of power, and little after, they that stood by said " coming in the clouds of hea. again to Peter, " Surely thou - ven.” Then the high priest 6 art one of them : for thou art rent his clothes, and saith, “ What Il “ a Galilean, and thy speech “ need we any further witnesses? “ agreeth thereto.” But he be. " ye have heard the (x) blas gan to curse and to swear, say. sphemy: what think ye? And ing, “ I know not this man of

they all condemned him to be « whom ye speak.” And the 65. guilty of death. And some be- || second time the cock crew. And

gan to spit on him, and to cover Peter called to mind the word his face, and to buffet him, and that Jesus said unto him, “ Beto say unto him, “ Prophesy :" | “ fore the cock crow twice thou and the servants did strike him « shalt deny me thrice." And

with the palms of their hands. when he thought thereon, he 65. And as Peter was beneath in the

palace, there cometh one of the 67. maids of the high priest: and

when she saw Peter warming him-
self, she looked upon him, and

Tuesday before Easter.
said, “ And thou also wast with
68. “ Jesus of Nazareth.” But he

For the Epistle. Isaiah l. 5. (y) denied, saying, “I know not, | The Lord God hath () opened " neither understand I what thou mine ear, and I was not rebel“ sayest.” And he went out in- | lious, neither turned away back.

to the porch; and the cock crew. I (a) gave my back to the smiters, 1 69. And a maid saw him again, and and my cheeks to them that

began to say to them that stood plucked off the hair: I hid not by, " This is one of them.” my face from shame and spitting.

v.62. (u) “ Sitting on the right hand of ||| me to be his servant; and I have dedi

Power, and coming in the clouds of cated myself to his service. When a “ heaven.” Perhaps not literally, but bondman preferred perpetual servitude figuratively ; with as decisive proofs of with his master to being made free, the his being the Son of God, as if they saw master was to bore his ear through with him so sit and come. Our Saviour pro an awl, and then the bondman was to bably alluded to his coming at the “ great serve him for ever. See Exod. xxi. 6. “ day of the Lord,” the time of ven Deut. xv. 17. And it is to this practice geance on his opponents, when Jerusalem the prophet here alludes. So Psalm was destroyed, and immense numbers xi. 8. “ Sacrifice and meat-offering thou perished elsewhere. See note on Matt. “ wouldest not, but mine ears hast thou xxiv. 30. ante 70. and on Luke xxi. 25. " opened," or pierced ; that is, thou ante 29.

hast taken me to be thy servant for ever. v. 64.

(x) · Blasphemy." See post, note on Or, “opening the ear" might mean, John xix. 7. Bp. Porteus's very able Lec. thou hast made me obedient, hast made ture on the parallel chapter, Matt. xxvi. me to hear thy commands. Lecture 21. is well worth consulting (a) “I gave," &c. The treatment

(y) A prophetic account of the indig our Saviour received comes fully up to nities that should be offered to the Mes. the prophecy. See Matt. xxvii. 26.30, 31. siah, of his patience and success, and of They scourged him, spit upon him, smote the confusion of his enemies.

him upon the head, mocked him, &c. v. 5. (z) “ Opened mine ear," i. e. taken | And see Mark xv. 15. 19.

God will (6) help il the chief priests held a consultame; therefore shall I not be con. tion with the elders and scribes founded : therefore have I set my and the whole council, and bound face like (c) a flint, and I know Jesus, and carried him away, and that I shall not be ashamed. He delivered him (s) to Pilate. And 2. dis near that justifieth me; who Pilate asked him, “ Art thou will contend with me? Let us 66 the King of the Jews ?" And stand together : who is mine ad he answering said unto him,

versary ? let him come near to 66 Thou (b) sayest it." And the 3. 9. me. Behold, the Lord God will chief priests accused him of many

help me; who is he that shall things; but he answered nothing. condemn me? lo, they all shall And Pilate asked him again, say- 4.

wax old as a garment; the moth ing, “ Answerest thou nothing? 1o. shall eat them up. Who is “ behold how many things they

among you that feareth the Lord, 6 witness against thee." But s. that (d) obeyeth the voice of his Jesus yet answered nothing; so servant, that walketh in dark that Pilate marvelled. Now at 6. ness, and hath no light ? let him that feast he released unto them

trust in the name of the Lord, one prisoner, whomsoever they 11. and stay upon his God. Behold, desired. And there was one, 7.

all ye that (e) kindle a fire, that named Barabbas, which lay bound compass yourselves about with with them that had made insursparks; (f) walk in the light of rection with him, who had comyour fire, and in the sparks that mitted murder in the insurrection. ye have kindled. This shall ye And the multitude, crying aloud, 8. have of mine hand, ye shall lie began to desire him to do as he down in sorrow.

had ever done unto them. But 9.

Pilate answered them, saying,
The Gospel. Mark xv. I.

6. Will ye that I release unto you And straightway in the morning “ the King of the Jews ?” (for 10.

1.7. () For “ will help me,” the reading

should be, “ was,” or “ is my helper.”

And for "shall be"_" was,” or “ am." 0.7. (c) " Like a Aint,” so that nothing

will dismay me, cast me down, change my countenance or purpose. The same expression occurs, Ezek. iii. 8, 9. “ Be. " hold I have made thy face strong " against their faces, and thy forehead “strong against their foreheads. As an " adamant, harder than flint, have I made " thy forehead : fear them not, neither

" be dismayed at their looks.” 6.10. (d) For “ that obeyeth,” the reading

should be, « let him obey ;" and for " that walketh,” “ who that walketh.” This is the reading of the Septuagint and Syriac, and gives a much more elegant turn and distribution to the sentence.

Bp. Lowth. 2.11. (c) “ That kindle a fire," &c. i.e. that

rely upon human devices and worldly
policy.

(f) “ Walk,” &c. i. e. tauntingly. V.11.

(g) “ Delivered him to Pilate.” The v.. chief priest and council of the Jews had before agreed “ that he was guilty of “ death, Mark xiv. 64. But they had not the power of punishing capitally : they delivered him therefore to Pilate, the Roman governor, who had that power.

(6) “ Thou sayest it,” i. e. I am. v.2. When the high priest adjured our Savi. our to say, whether he were the Christ, the Son of God, St. Matthew states his answer to have been, “ Thou hast said." St. Mark states it, “ I am.” And Luke xxii. 70. when the chief priest and elders asked our Saviour if he were the Son of God, and he answered, “Ye o say that I am," they treated his answer as an assertion that he was.

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he knew that the chief priests had || him. And when they had mocked 20. 11. delivered him for envy.) But him, they took off the purple

the chief priests moved the peo from him, and put his own clothes

ple, that he should rather release on him, and led him out to crucify 12. Barabbas unto them. And Pilate him. And they compel one Si- 21.

answered and said again unto mon a Cyrenian, who passed by, them, “ What will ye then that coming out of the country, the

" I shall do unto him whom ye father of Alexander and Rufus, ; « call the King of the Jews ?" to bear his cross. And they 22. 13. And they cried out again, “ Cru bring him unto the place Golgo14. “ cify him.” Then Pilate said || tha, which is, being interpreted,

unto them, “Why, what evil hath “ The place of a scull.” And “ he done?” And they cried out || they gave him to drink (k) wine

the more exceedingly, “ Crucify mingled with myrrh: but he re15. “ him.” And so Pilate, willing ceived it not. And when they 24.

to content the people, released had crucified him, they (1) parted Barabhas unto them, and delivered his garments, casting lots upon

Jesus, when he had (i) scourged them, what every man should 16. him, to be crucified. And the take. And it was the third hour; 25.

soldiers led him away into the and they crucified him. And the 26. hall called Pretorium; and they superscription of his accusation

call together the whole band. was written over, “ THE KING 17. And they clothed him with pur “ OF THE JEWS.” And with 27.

ple, and platted a crown of || him they crucify two thieves; the

thorns, and put it about his head; one on his right hand, and the 18. and began to salute him, “ Hail, other on his left. And the Scrip- 28.

- King of the Jews !” And they ture (m) was fulfilled, which saith,
smote him on the head with a “ And he was numbered with the
reed, and did spit upon him, and, “ transgressors.” And they that 29.
bowing their knees, worshipped passed by railed on him, wagging

(i) “ Scourged.” See ante 104.- || " that we should desire him ;” but that Isaiah 1. 6.

he should be “ despised and rejected of 0.22. (b) “ Wine,” &c. According to “ men, a man of sorrows, and acquainted

Matt. xxvii. 34. it was vinegar, not wine. “ with grief :” that it should be « for
Which it was is immaterial.

“ our sakes, however, that he should be V. 24. (1) Parted his garments.” See “ smitten;" that it was for “ our trans

* Matt. xxvii. 35. (ante 95.) and note there. “ gressions that he should be wounded, 28. (m) “ The Scripture, viz. Isaiah liü. “ and that by his stripes we should be

12. The whole of this prophetic chapter “ healed ; that he should make his grave applies so pointedly to our Saviour, that “ with the wicked, and yet be with the it cannot be too much studied. It be “ rich in his death ; that he should never. gins with an intimation that the Messiah “ theless see his seed; that the pleasure would not be at once acknowledged : “ of the Lord should prosper in his " Who hath believed our report,” &c.; “ hand; and that by his knowledge he that he should for some time have but 4 should justify many,” &c. &c. The few followers, “ growing up as a tender prevalence of Christianity since his cruci. “ plant, and as a root out of a dry fixion has indeed given him seed without “ ground;" that he should have no number, has prospered the Lord's pleaearthly grandeur, &c. to recommend sure in his hand, and has brought many him, " no form or comeliness, no beauty to justification.

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