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INTRODUCTION Advantage of cotemporary hiftory—•<*

Necessity of developing the Society of Orangemen —Protestant Ascendancy — Firfl germ of Union in Mr. Pitt's mind— Biffcopi of Cloyne's controversy — System of terrifying by false alarms— Religious dissension fomented in Armagh — Lord Clare made

Chancellor —Strength of the Ascendancy party Mr. Pitt's

conduct towards the Catholics—Mr. Pitt's conduct to the Protestant parties, and his view to Union — Turbulence of the country increased—Mr. Pitt divides the Whig party in England—False charges againff Mr. Fay and others — Mr. Pitt's conspiracy againflCatholic Emancipation—Persecutions in Armagh—Peaceable resolutions of the Catholics ofLurgan—Commencement of the Orange Society—Spirit and progress of Orangeism — Mr. Giffard the founder of the Orangemen—-Orangemen grow more ferocious, and are encouraged — Lurgali Magiftrates encourage; Orangemen—Conviction of Mr. Greer for denying juftice—Conspiracy againft Mr. Coile->- Conspirators retract and own their crime—How Mr. Coile was prevented from prosecuting olher Magiftrates and what juftice done to Orange delinquents.— Mischief of Orangism kept from the public—Alarming progress of Orangeism---Evidence of the Armagh magiftrates agtiift the Orangemen' — Speech of Lord Gosford—How Ld. Gosford appointed governor of Armagh. His upright spirit—Legiflative afts not always authentic ground for history—The debates in parilament the orfly hiftorical source of information—Nature of proposed amendment to the Attorney General's bill—Outrageous conduct of the Orange magiftrates in Armagh—Insurgency and Indemnity Bills paffed—Partiali ty for Orangemen & their triumph. Address of the Grand Jury of Armagh self-*adulatory —Government finds the Orangemen useful—'Bad eficcts cf Government's encouraging the Orangemen—Original obligation of Orangemen —Inefficient remedy in Armagh —Firmness of Mr. Coile in demanding redress, and bringing to light the form of the oath of Orangemen—Further proofs of the oath of extermination -—« VOL. I, , A

Teftimonyof Mr. O'Connor—Further evidence—Impunity and protection of Orangemen—Orangism spreads to the neighbouring counties Why so many Presbyterians Orangemen—Mr. Pelham's boaft of the vigilance of Government—Orangemen paid by Government—Orangemen eagerly enter the Yeomanry corps and why—Orange atrocities unpuniftied—Orangemen encreased and dreaded by the people—Orangemen's address — Gains them • nocredit—Commended by Duigenao, and Pejham—Comment op Otange. address-—Further comment— Toleration of King William—The-address denies mot theoath of,extermination— Extension*, of Orangism—Massacre a«d burnings near Newry — Same subject continued—Further atrocities—Rebellion in 1798.

—Wexford insurrection—Lord Cornwallis arrives in Ireland-:

Ld. Cornwallis the tool of Mr. Pitt;—Conduct of the Orangemen after the rebellion—Onangism after the rebellion was put down —Murder of Dogherty. by, Wolaghan a. Yeoman, and its conser jjuences-rOrangemen prosely-tise amongft the Englifh regiments — Lord Hardwicke's order againft entering intoOrange lodges—

Evil of keeping Orangismon foot ^Mischief of countenancing

known evils General. Cockburnc's orders againft Orangism—r

Effects of those orders^—Queftion of Catholic emancipation—— Insincerity of promises of. emancipation —:— Lord Cornwallis

keeps up the Orangemen ,-Iroport of the- term Protejtant «x*

ctndancy Bfibrts to forward the Union——Orangemen naturally agalnft Union Orange advertisement not to interfere

with- Union New rules' and regulations of the society-of

Orangemen-! Conclusive observation.



-AJminiftration of MARQUIS CORNWALUS p. i

Legiflative Union Mr. Pitt's mailer-piece—:Union proclaimed in Ireland—Situation of the Britifli Empire as to the continent —Character of Mr. Pitt——Lord.Clare goes to England repenting the Union rMeansof recommending the Union Firft

meeting of Imperial Parliament—Steps leading to Mr. Pitt's retirmg. from office—-—Further reasons of Mr. Pitt's abdication.

—r.—Other causes of Mr Pitt's resignation How Mr. Pitt

vrted. his powers—Meeting of Parliament——Affected zeal of

Mr. Pitt's friends Cause of Mr. Pitt's resignation alleged by

Lord Grenville- Real views of- the enemies to the Catholic

queftion Election of a new. speaker, and Pitt's grounds for resigning Ministerial tenderness tp mention Catholic emancipation:——Mr. Pitt's pledge tp the Catholics—>—Copy of Mr. Pitt's pledge to the Catholics—Lord Cornwajlis Do. —Further proof of Mr. Pitt's pledge—-Mr. Pitt's reserved meaning on

the Catholic queftion Catholics as thay always have been —

Resolutions of the Prelates in 1799. —Who are the real friends

of Ireland. Malicious cause affigned for the alteration of his

Majefty's health'—^-Several Irifh matters before Parliament —

The King's ijlness, and public scarcity Mr. Pitt's conduct

•n retiring-'—^-Difficulty, of forming the new adminiflration —

The Rolls job—rrr-New. arrangements r-Firft martial law bill

—King's message far a second martial law bill Fabrication.

•f new conspiracies—r-Report of the secret committee——Ten-.

dency of the report of the committee Bills for suspending

Habeas Corpus, and continuing martial law in Ireland— Acts of

the Imperial Parliament affecting Ireland: Parliamentary pra?

ceedings -Lord Cornwalljs pressed to continue in Ireland .

Lord Cornwallis's address in duping the Cathojics Arrival

of Lord Hardwicke and departure of Lord Cornv-allis,


Admimftmtion of the EARL ofHARDW1CZE. p. 9$

Principles of the new adminiftration Parliamentary debates

on Irifb matters Important debates in the Lords on the martial law bill—;—Lord Hardwicke's arrival in Dublin State of

Parties ort the change of Minifters Mr. Pitt's friends againft

Mr. Addington's adminiftration —>— Opening symtoms of Lord Hardwicke's adminiftration—Lord Hardwicke's conference

Mefsrs Sirr and Sandys Peace with France, and meeting of1

Parliament—State of parties—Effect of Peace—Internal spirit in

Ireland— Death of Lord Clare Political arrangements after

Lord Clare's death—Case of Mr. Sapper T^tndy— Mr. Tandy & others arrefted at Hamburgh—Mr. Tandy involved in the capi-* tulationof the Holder—Mr. Tandy sent from Hamburgh to Ireland—Mr. Tandy cleared—Base attempt at Mr. Tandy's life — Contrivance of Government againft Mr. Tandy—Irifh finances and Mr. Poller—Dissolution of Parliament— Causes of internal discontent—Viceregal tour—Parliament meets Mr. Abbot re^

elected Speaker Col. Despard's conspiracy—The obligation —

Trial of the conspirators—Disturbances in the south put down—' Successful exertions of Lord Donoughmore to keep the peace— State of parties in the nevv parliament—Preparations for war —

Parliamentary proceedings respecting Ireland—Irifh poor

Measures of Lord Hardwicke's Government—Symtoms of insurgency—Commencement of Mr. R, Emmett's insurrection ——Continuance, of Emmett's insurrection—General ambiguous conduit of Government—Conduct of Lord Lieutenant and others—' Final cataftrophe of the rebellion—Government measures after' the danger—Russell's insurrection in the North—Russell's proclamation—Further caution of Government—Judges under military escort—King's message and cautionary bills — Catholic's address to theLd. Lieutenant and his answer—New system of severity—Further cautionary measures—Mr. Hutchinson's motion on the state of Ireland—Prorogation of Parliament St- further caution. -Apprehension, trial and execution of Emmett —- -
Trials in the North, Mr. Russell—"■—Peculiar imbecility of

Government System of secret rigor General conduct

of" official men Parliament convened, King's speech and

address Renewal of coercion and debates thereon—Further

afts of the legislature Dwyer surrenders to Mr. Hume

]Mr. Wickham retires from ill health Further cautionary

measures King's illness and condu'61 of Minifters ■ »

Minifters called upon by Ms Grey— Linen duty imposed—

Sir John Wrottesley's motion on the rebellion—Lord Redesdale's

correspondence with Lord Fingal Mr. Perceval's juflifica*

tion of Lord Redesdale Mischief of unfair representation

of the people. Mr. Pitt Debates in Parliament affefting

Ireland Mr. Pitt's influence and duplicity—Mischievous

inconsistency of military service.

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