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acksowledging the obligation. (See OPTICS, In- (1.) * SNIPE. 2 s. i Meppe, German; nitty ka) His works are tumerous and respectable. Saxon; y/nit, Wulih.] 1. A linall fen fowl with The cbief of them is his Cyclometricus de Circuli long bill.-The external evident causes of the atra Distrione, &c. 410. 1671. In this treatife, he bills are a high fermenting diet; as old cheese, gives several approximations to the mealure of the birds feeding in fens, as geefe, ducks, woodcocks, circle, both arithmetical and geometrical. He died snipes, and swans. Floyer. 2. A fool; a block1625.

head.SNELLIUS. See SNELL, No 2.

I mine own gain'd knowledge should pro* SNET. n. (Among hunters. The fat of a

fane, deer. Die

If I should time expend with fuch a (nipe. Shak SNETSHAM, a town of England, in Norfolk, (2.) SNIPE. See SCOLOPAX and SHOOTING. with a market on Friday, on an inlet of the fea; * SNIPPER. n. 6 (from snip. One that snips. na miles N. by E. of Lynn Regis, and 111 N. by * SNIPPET. n. f. [from snip.] A small part ; E of London. Lon. 9. 32. E. Lat. 52. 55. N. a share.

SNEW. The old preterite of To know. Diet. Wiiches fimpling, and on gibbets SNIADYN, a town of Lithuania, in the ci-de- Catting from malefactors snippets. · Hudibras. Tant palatinate of Brzesk, 88 miles E. of Pink ; * SNIPSNAP. n. S. (A cant word formed by com annexed to the overgrown Ruñan empire. reduplication of frap.] Tart dialogue ; with quick

SNIATIN, a commercial town of Little Poland, replies.feated on the Pruth; 8 miles E. of Coloni, and 45 Dennis and difforiance, and captious art, SE. of Halitz: now in the kingdom of Galicia. And snipsnap short.

'Pope. LOD. 26. 7. E. Lat. 48. 44. N.

SNIŠNITZA, a mountain of Bosnia ; 8 miles * To SNIB. v.a. fribbe, Danish. See SNEAP.] W. of Bosnia. To check; to nip; to reprimand.

* SNITE. n. f. [fnita, Saxon.) A snipe. This Aked for their pass by every squib,

is perhaps the true name ; but snipe prevails. Of That lift at will them to revile or nið. Hubb. tame birds, Cornwall hath doves, geefe, and * SNICK AND SNEE. 1. f. A combat with ducks: of wild, quail, rail, /nite, and wood-dove. Erives.-Among the Dunkirkers, where snick and Carew. jue was in fashion, a boatswain with some of our * To SNITE. v. a. (Sngtan, Saxon.) To blow men drinking together, became quarrelsome. the nose.-Nor would any one be able to Jnite his

nose. Grew. To SNICKER, or SNIGGER. 7. n. To * SNIVEL. n. f. [fnavel, snevel, German.) Laugh lily, wantonly, or contemptuously; to Snot; the running of the nose. laugh in one's sleeve. Diel.

* To SNIVEL. v. n. (from the noun.] 1. TO 7. SNIFF. u. n. (fia, Swedina. To draw run at the nofe. 2. To cry as children. When breath audibly up the role.

ther we go to our graves fnivelling or firging, 'tis So then you look'd (cornful, and snift at the all mere form. L'Estrange.--Away goes he nivel. deaa.

Swit. ling and yelping. L'Estrange • To SNIGGLE. Or 1.

* SNIVELLER. N. (from nivel.) A weeper; . SNIGGLING is thus performed : in a warm a weak lamenter:day, when the water is lowest, take a strong small He'd more lament when I was dead, book, tied to a string about a yard long; and then Than all the fmivellers round my bed. Swift into one of the holes, where an eеl may hide her- (1.) SNIZORT, a parith of Scotland, in the isle felf, with the help of a fort stick put in your bait of Sky, about 18 miles long, and o broad; of an leifarely, and as far as you may conveniently: if irregular figure, the W. part being interfected by within the fight of it, the eel will bite instantly, the lake (N° 2.) The furface is mountainous; and as certainly gorge it: pull him out by degrees. but the sea coast and the glens afford pretty exWalton.

tensive arable fields. The soil is various, but a * SNIP. n. . (from the verb. I. A single cut gravelly loam on a cold clay prevails. There are with fciars.

rivers, which all afford falmon. The popula. Here's snip and nip, and cut, and fish and tion, in 1793, was 1808; increase 181 fince 1755 lah,

There are several Druidical temples in the parith; Like to a cenfor in a barber's ihop. Skak. and a natural obelisk of a perpendicular stone, of -Wth one snip more I laid it open to the very uncommon height and magnitude, 360 feet at the end fileman. 2. A small shred – Those we keep bafe, and 300 il height. . withio compare by small frips of emplast. Wie (2.) SNIZORT, a river in the above parish, which mat. 3. A sbare; a snack. A low word. He has a linall island near its mouth, on which are the fund his friend apon the mending hand, which ruins of an old cathedral, anciently the metropolihe was glad to hear, because of the snip that he tan church of the isle of Sky. Limself expected upon the dividend. L'Estrange. (3.) SNIZORT, LOCH, a lake, or rather arm of

*T. SNIP. O.a. snippen, Dutch.) To cut at the sea, in the above parish, which stretches from once with scifrars.-The finus thould be laid open, the W.coast of the island nearly 14 miles in a SE. which was nipt up about two inches with a pair direction, and is natrow and thallow, with several of probe-fciffars. Wiseman.--He wore a pair of sunk rocks. fcilars for this purpose, and would snip it off nice. * SNORE. n. f. (rora, Saxon, from the verb.) ly. Arbuthnot.Putting one blade of the scistars Audible respiration of deeper through the nose... up the gut, and the other up the wound, Anig the

The surfeited grooms whole length of the fiftula. Sharp.

Do mock their charge with noress Shrik.

16,

tire,

* T. SNORE. v. n. /norcken, Duton.) To SNORRO, Sturlesonius, a native of Iceland, in breathe hard through the nose, as men in neep. the 13th century, who was minister of ftate to a I did unreverently blame the gods,

king of Sweden, and to 3 kings of Norway. H: Who wake for thee, though thou fnore for thy. was forced, by an insurrection, to leave Norway, seif.

Ben Jonson. and take refuge in Iceland, where he lived till Whole railing heroes, and whose wounded 1241, when he was discovered, carried off, and gods,

put to death. He wrote, i. Chronicum Regum · Makes some fufpect he snores as well as nody. Norvigorum; and 2. Edda Mandica, or a History

Roscommon. of Mandic Philofophy. He may lie in his shades, and snore on to doomi. * To SNORT. v. n. (forcken, Dutch.1 To day for me. Stilling fleet.

blow through the nose as a high-mettled horse.-In it lies the god asleep;

The snorting of his horses was heard. Je!. viii. and froring by We may descry

The fiery war-horfe paws the ground, The monsters of the deep.

Dryden. And (norts. - The giant, gorg'd with flesh, and wine, and from their full racks the gen'rous feeds re

blood, Lay stretch'd at length, and snoring in his den. Dropping ambrosial foams and snorting fire. Addison.

Addis0%. * SNORER. n, f. [from snore.) He that fores. He with wide noftrils, snorting, skims the wave. SNORING, part. n. /. in medicine, otherwise

Tbomfor. called stERTOR, is a sound like that of the cerch. * SNOT. n. f. [fnote, Saxon; snot, Dutch.) non, but greater and more manifeit. Many con. The mucus of the nore.found thcle affections, and make them to differ Thus, when a greedy loves once has thrown only in place and magnitude, calling by the name His not into the mess, 'tis all his own. Swift. of STERTOR that found or noise which is heard or · * SNOTTY. adj. (from frot.) Full of snotsupposed to be made in the passage between the This squire South my husband took in' a dirty palate and the noftris as in those who sleep; that fnotty-nofed boy. Arbuthnot. boiling or bubbling noise, which in respiration pro. SNOV, a river of Rulla, in Tschernigov, which ceeds from the larynx, or head, or orifice of the runs into the Defna, neir Bericii. afpera arteria, they call cerchnon ; but if the found * SNOUT. n. f. [frugt, Dutch.) The nose of comes from the afpera arteria itself, they will have a beaft.--it called cerchnos, that is, as some say, a rattling, His nose in the air, his fnout in the skies. or as others, a stridulous or wheezing roughness

Tufer. of the aspera arteria. In dying persons, this at. In thápe a beagle's whelp throughout, fection is called by the Greeks ccxes, rbenchos, With broader forehead, and a drarper snout. which is a fuoring or rattling kind of noise, pro.

Dryder. ceeding as it were from a conflict between the 2. The nofe of a man, in contempt. breath and the humours in the aspera arteria. This

Her fubtle front and fuch like affections are owing to a weakness of Did quickly wind his meaning out. Hadibras, nature, as when the lungs are full of pus or hu But when the date of Nock was out, mours. Expectoration is fupprefled either by the Off dropt the fympathetick fnout. Hudibras. vifcidity of the humour, which requires to be dif- How foul a inout!

1 . Dryden. charged, and which adhering to the aspera arteria, Charin'd with his eyes, and chin, and snout, and being there agitated by the breath, excites Her pocket-glass ürew fily out. Sevift. that bubbling noise or ftertor ; or by an obftruc. 3. The nofel or end of any hollow pipe. tion of the bronchia ; or, lastly, by a compreslion * SNOUTED. adj. [from fnout.] Having a of the aspera arteria and throat, whence the paí- snout.--Their dogs frouted like foxes. Heylyn. sage is straitened, in which the humours being a. Snouted and tailed like a bar. Grea. gitated, excite such a kind of noise as before de- (1.) * SNOW. n. (faw, Sax. ; (net, Dutch kcribed. Hence Galen calls those who are tirait. The fmall particles of water frozen before they Lbreasted, fertorous. He aligns two causes of this nite into drops. Locke.-Drought and heat coul. fymptom, which are either the straitness of the fume fow waters. Yob, xxiv. 19.passage of respiration, or redundance of humours, lle gives the Winter's snow her airy birth. or both; but we may add a third, to wit, the

Sandrs weakness of the faculty, which is the cause of the Soft as the fieeces of descending snows. Pope. rhenchos in dying perfons, where nature is too (2.) Snow is a well-known meteor, formed by weak to make ditcharges. Hence we inay core the freezing of the vapours in the atmosphere. It clude, that this fymptom, or this fort of ferveur differs trom HAIL and HOAR FROST, in being as it or ebullition in the throat, is not mortal, unless were crystalliz.d, which they are not. This apwhen nature is oppressed with the redundance of pears on examining a fake of snow hy a magnity. humour, in such a manner, that the lungs cannot ing glass ; when the whole (if it will appear to be discharge themselves by spitting; or the pailage composed of fine thining spicula diverging like appointed for the breath (the alpera arteria) is ve- rays from a centre. As the flakes fall down thro' ry much obstructed, upon which accourt many the atmosphere, they are continually joined ty dying persons labour under . itertur with their more of these radiated fpicula, and thus increait mouths gaping:

in bulk like the drops of rain or hailitones. UT Grow, in a discourse of the nature of snow, ob- the earth is prevented from escaping. The inter. Icrres, that many parts thereof are of a regular nal parts of the earth, by some principle, (unless Egure, for the most part stars of fix points, and it be the ELECTRIC FLUID, or the principle call. are as perfe&t and transparent ice as any we le ed Caloric by modern chemists,) is not yet disco on a pond, &c. Upon each of these points are vered, is heated uniformly to the 48th degree of ceber collateral points, let at the same angies as Fahrenheit's thermometer. This degree of heat the main points themselves; among which there is greater than that in which the watery juices of ae divers cther irregular, broken points, and vegetables freeze, and it is propagated from the fragments of the regu.ar ones. A cloud of va. inward parts of the earth to the surface, on which pours, being gathered into drops, descend ; mert. the vegetables grow. The atmosphere being vaing with a freezing air as they pass through a riably heated by the adion of the sun in different coder region, each drop is immediately frozen, climates, and in the same climate at different sea. hooting itself forth into several points; but the fe fons, communicates to the surface of the earth Ad costinuing their descent, and meeting with and to some distance below it the degree of heat fome intermitting sales of warmer air, or in their or coid which prevails in itself. Different vegeta. continual waftage to and fro touching upon each bles are able to preserve life under different de aber, some of them are a little thawed, blunted, rees of cold, but all of them perish whco the cold and again froz-n into clusters, or intangled so as which reaches their roots is extreme. Providence to fall down in what we call fakes. The light. kas therefore, in the coldest climates, provided a pels of (now is owing to the excels of its furface, covering of Inow for the roots of vegetablea, by in proportion to the matter contained under it. which they are protected from the influence of The whiteneis of fnow is owing to the small par- the atmospherical coid. The snow keeps in the ticles into which it is divided; for ice, when internal heat of the earth, which furrounds the pounded will become equally white. Beccaria roots of vegetables, and defends them from the Lays, clouds of snow differ in nothing from clouds cold of the atmosphere. (But some say it does of raio, but io the circumstance of cold that freez. more. Sce $ 3.) Saow or ice water is always es then. Both the regular diffusion of the snow, deprived of its fixed air, which escapes during and the regularity of the fructure of its parts the process of congelation. Some have supposed (particularly some figures of snow or hail which this to be the cause, why some of the inhabitants fall about Turin, and which he calls roferte,) fhow of the Alps who use it for their confant drink that clouds of snow are acted upon by some uni. have enormous wens upon their throats. But this forn caule iike ckctricity; and be endeavours to is refuted by the fact, that in Greenland, where flow bow ele&ricity is capable of forming these snow-water is commonly used, the inhabitants are figures. He was confirmed in his conjectures by not affe&ed with such swellings; whereas they oblerving, that his apparatus for observing the e- are common in Sumatra where snow is never ledricity of the atmosphere never failed to be e. feen. lectrified by fnow as well as rain. Profeffor Win. (3.) SNOW, EFFECTS OF, ON VEGETATION, throp sometimes found bis apparatus electrified Notwithstanding Margraar's experiment above by snow when driven about by the wind, though mentioned, ( 2.) discovered little difference beit had not been affe&ed by it when the snow ite tween fnow and rain in their fertilizing qualities, Self was falling. A more intense ele&ricity, ac- the inquiry has been renewed and profecuted farcording to Beccaria, unites the particles of hail ther, by some of the most eminent French chemiks more closely than the more moderate electricity of the present age. Citizen Morveau, alias Citi. docs thofe of snow. But we are not to consider zen Guyton, employed J. H. Hafrenfratz to in. Inow merely as a curious and beautiful phenome. guire into the cause of the difference of the effe&s Don. The Great Dispenser of univerfal bounty of {now and rain water on various substances. has to ordered it, that it is eminently fubfervient, Haffenfratz found that thefe differences are occaas well as all his works of creation, to his benevo. fioned by the oxygenation of the Inow; and that lent defigos. S:10w, particularly in thofe nortbern thefe effe&s are to be ascribed to a particular regions where tbe ground is covered with it for combination of oxygen in this congealed water, feveral months, fru&ifies the earth, by guarding He put 1000 grammes of (now in a jar, and 1000 the corn or other vegetables from the intense cold grammes of distilled water in another. (See MEAof the air, and especially from the cold piercing SURE, Xi-iii.) He poured into each of the vinds. It has been a vulgar opinion, very gene- jars an equal quantity of the same (olution of turnrally received, that snow fertilizes the lands og Sole. He placed both the jars in a warm tempewhich it falls more than rain, in consequence of ratpre ; and after the snow melted, he remarked the nitrous faits which it is supposed to acquire that the dye was redder in the snow water than ty freezing. But by Margraaf's experiments ia ia tbe diftilled water. He repeated this experi1751, the chemical difference between foow and ment, and with the fame result. He put into a raia, is found to be exceedingly small. The ge. jar Ipoo grammes of didilled water, and into ano. culiar agency of snow, as a fertilizer in preference ther 1000 grammes of foow. Into each of the to rain, may admit of a very rational explanation, jars he put 6's grammes of very pure and clean without recurring to the suppofition of its con. fulphat of iron. In the first, there was precipitaining nitrous falts. It may be ascribed to its rated oʻ150 grammes of the uxyd of iron, and furnifhing a covering to the roots of vegetables, q'oro grammes in the other. As the oxyd of iron by which they are guarded from the influence of was precipitated from a solution of the sulphat the atmospherical cold, and the internal beat of by oxygen, it thence follows, that the snow conVOL. XXI. PARTL.

N

uained tained more oxygen than the diftilled water; and jag high about them, it fnows at the tops of them it follows, from the first experiment, that this oftener than it rains. Brown. , guantity of oxygen was considerable enough to (2.) * To Snow. v.a. To scatter like snow,redden the tincture of turnfole. It is fully demon. Ride ten thousand days and nights, ttrated by these two experiments, that snow is "Tillage snow white hairs on thee. Donne. oxygenated water, and that it must consequently * SNOWBALL. n. f. now and ball. A round have ou vegetation an action different from that lump of congelated snow.-Their company daily of common ice. The experiments of Dr Ingen, increasing, like a snowball in rolling. Hayaard, houls on the germination of seeds have taught us, His-bulky folly gathers as it goes, that the presence and contact of oxygen are ablo. And, rolling o'er you, like a snowball grows. lutely necessary for the plant to expand. They

Dryden. have thewn also, that the more abundant the oxy. – A fnowball having the power to produce in us gen is, the more rapidly will the seeds grow. the ideas of white, cold, and round, the powers, Moft plants furfered to attain to their perfect ma. as they are in the ynowball, I call qualities; and turity med on the earth a part of their feed. as they are sensations in our understandings, ideas. These feeds, thus abandoned and exposed to the Locke, adion of cold, are preserved by the snow which SNOW.BERRY BUSH, the English name of a spe. covers them, at the same time that they find in cies of LONICERA. the water it produces by melting, a portion of * SNOWBROTH. n. 5. (now and brotb.) Very oxygen that has a powerful action on the princi- cold liquor. ple of germination, and determines the feeds that

Angelo, a man whose blood would have perished, to grow, to expand, and to Is very frowbroth.

Sbak. augment the number of the plants that cover the (1.) * SNOWDEEP. n. 1. (viola bulbofa, Latin.] jurtace of the earth. A yery considerable num. An herb. þer of the plants which are employed in Europe (2.) SNOWDEEP is a species of VIOLA. for the nourishment of men, are sowo in Sept. SNOWDON, a mountain of N. Wales, in Cao&. and Nov. The seeds of leveral of these gera ernarvonshire, generally thought to be the higher minate before the cold commences its action up- in Britain; though some say, its height is equal on them, and changes the principle of their life. led, or exceeded, by mountains in the Highlands The Inow which covers the reft, acting on the of Scotland. The mountain is surrounded by germ by its oxygenation, obliges them to expand, many others, called in the Welsh language Crii and to increase the number of useful plants which Coch, Crib y. Distill, Lliweddy yr Arran, &c. Acthe farmer and gardener commit to the earth, and cording to Mr Pennant, this mountainous tract const quently to multiply their productions. Here, yields scarcely apy corn. Its produce is grass, then, we have three effects of Inow upon vegeta. the food of cattle and theep; which, curing sum. tion, all very cifferent, which contribute each fe. mer, keep very high in the mountains,' fullowed parately to increase, every year, the number of by their owners with their families, who refide our plants; to give them more vigour, and con- during that season in bapodtys, or immer dairy, Icquently to multiply our crops. These effects houses, as the farmers in the Swiss Alps do in their are: 1. To prevent the plants from being attack- jenns. These houses consist of a long low room, ed by the cold, and from being changed or pe with a hole at one end to let out the smoke trum rithing by its force. 2. To furnish vegetabits the fire which is made beneath. Their furniture, with continual moisture, which heips them to is very simple; ftones are used for stools, and procure those tubstances necessary for their nútri. their beds are of hay, ranged along the fides, fion, and to preserve them in a strong healthy They inanufacture their own clothes, and dye state. 3. To cause a greater number of feeds to them with the lieben ampbaloides and lichaa pariem, geroninate, and consequently to increase the num, tinus, moflea collected from the rocks. During ber of our plants,

summer the men pass their time in tending their (4.) Snow, in sea affairs, is generally the largest herds, or in naking bay, &c. and the women in of ali two-malted vefsels employed by Europeans, milking or in making butter and cheese. For their and the moft conyenient for navigation. Sce own use they milk both ewes and goats, and SHIP, 19. "The Liis and rigging on the main- make checle of the milk. Their diet consists of mast and foremast of a snow are exactly similar milk, cheese, and butter; and their ordinary drink to those on the fame malts in a ship; only that is whey; though they have, by way of referve, a there is a linall maft behind the mainmaft of the few bottles of very strong beer, which they use former, which carries a Tail nearly resembling the as a cordial when fick. They are people of good mizen of a ship. The foot of this mast is fixed understanding, wary, and circumspect; tali, thin, on á block of wood on the quarter-deck abaft the and of strong conftitutions. In winter they dtmainmast'; and the head of it is attached to the scend into the ben-dref, or old dwelling, where aftertop of the maintop The fail which is calied they pass their liine in inactivity. The view from the try-fail is extended from its mast' towards the the highest peak of Snowdon is very extendive, flera of the veffel. When the floops of war are from it Mr Pennant law the county of Chester, rigged as frows, they are furcited with a horse, the high hills of Yorkthire, part of the north of which answers the purpose of the tryfail.mart, the England, Scotland, and Ireland; a plain view of fore-part of the fail being'attached by rings to the the ifle of Man and that of Anglesea' appeared said horse, in different places of its height. . like a map extended under his feet, with every

(1,) * To Snow. 0.3. Unowan, Saxon; neena rivulet visible. Our author took much pains to wen, Dutch.)" To have luowiali.-The hilis bes have this view to advatage; fat up at a farm on

the

the weit till about 12, and walked up the whole Latin.) An early flower. When we tried the way. The night was remarkably fine and starry; experiment with the leaves of thofe purely white towards morning the stars faded away, leaving an "flowers that appear about the end of Winter, interval of darkness, which, however, was loon called frowdrops, the event was not much unbike dispelled by the dawn of day. The body of the that newly mentioned. Boyle. - : . Tun appeared most distinct, with the roundoess of. A flow'r, that first in this fweet garden (mild, the moon, before it appeared too briliant to be * To virgins facred, and the snowdrop ftyr'd.' looked at. The fea, which bounded the western

Tickel. part of the prospect, apocared gilt with the sun.. (1.) Snow-DROP.. See GALANTHUS brams, first in slender streaks, and at length glow. (3.) SXOW-DROP, GREATER.. See. LEUCOJUM. ed with redoels. The prospect was disciosed like.. (4.) SNOW-DROP TRće, in botany. See Chithe gradual drawing up of a curtain in a theatre; ONANTHUS. ud at last the heat became fufficiently strong to SNOW Goose. See ANAS, No 8. rato rase mists from the various lakes, which in a flight SNOW-GROTTO, an excavation made by the degree obscured the prospect. The shadow of waters on the fide of Mount Etna, by making the mountain extended many miles, and showed their way under the layers of laya, and by carry ita bicapitated forin"; the WYDDFA mąking one ing away the bed of pozzolana below them. It head, and Crib y Distill the other. At this time occurred to the proprietor, that this place was be counted between 20 and 30 lakes either in Cae very luitable for a magazine of snow : tor in Sickcrnarvon or in Merionethshire. In another vifit, ly, at Naples, and particularly at Malta, they are the sky was obfcured very soon after he got up. obliged for want of ice to make use of fnow for A saft mifi involved the whole circuit of the moun. cooling their wine, sherbet, and other liquors, and tain, and the prosped down was horrible. It gave for making sweetmeats. This grotto was hired apidca of numbers of abyfics, concealed by a thick or bought by the knights of Malta, who having smoke furiously circulating around them. Very neither ice nor snow on the burning rock.which oftes a gust of wind made an opening in the clouds, they inhabit; have hired several caverns on Etna, which gave a fine and distinct vista of lake and into which people whom they employ coileet and sally. Sometimes they opened in one place, at preferve quantities of fnow to be sent to Malta cthers in many at once ; exhibiting a moft ftrange when necded. This grotto has therefore been and perpiexing sight of water; fields, rocks, and repaired within at the expeoce of that order; chalms. They then closed again, and every thing Bights of Iteps are cut into it, as well as two Uwas involved in darkness; in a few minutes they penings from above, by which they throw in the would separate again, and repeat the above-men- snow, and through which the grotto is enlightentioned scene with infinite , variety. Fiom this ed. Above the grotto they have also levelled a prosoca our travelier defcended with great reluc- piece of ground of confiderable extent: - this they tance; but before he had reached the place where have incoied with thick and loft y, wails, so that bis borfes were left, he was overtaken by a thun- when the winds, which at this elevation blow der ftorm. The roliing of the thunder claps, be- with great violence, carry the snow from the iog reiterated by the mountains, was inexprefsibly higher parts of the mountain, and depofite it in awful; and after he had mounted, he was in great this inclosure, it is retained and amassed by the danger of being swept away by the torrents which wails. The people ihen remove it into the groc poured down in consequence of a very heavy rain. to through the two openings; and it is there laid It is very rare (Mr Pennant observes) that the tra up, and preserved in such a manner as to resist veller gets a proper day to ascend this bill: it in the force of the fummer heats; as the layers of deed often appears clear ; but by the evidentiat. lava with wbich the grotto is arched above, prie traction of the clouds by, this, lofty mountain, it vent them from making any imprethon. , When becomes suddenly and unexpectedly enveloped in the season for exporting the Irow.comes on, it is maist, when the clouds have just before appeared put into large bags, into 'wbich it is pretled a Very high and very remote. At times be observed closely as poffible; it is then carried by men out them lower to half their height; and not with of the grotto, and laid upon mules, which con. ftanding they have been dispersed to the right and rey it to the shore, where small veifels are waitleft, yet they have met from both sides, and uni. ing to carry it away. But before those lumps of ted to involve the summit in one great oblourity. ftiow are put into bags, they are wrapped in fre:h The beight of Snowdon was measured, in 1682, leaves; fo that while they are conveyed from the by Mr Cafwell, with inftruments made by Flam. grotto to the thore, the leaves may prevent the kead: according to his mensuration, the height rays of the fun from making any impression upon is 3720 feet; but more modern .computations them. The, Sicilians carry on a confiderable tracic make it only 3568, reckoning from the quay at in snow, which affords employment to some those Caernarvon to the highest peak. The tone that sands of men, hories, and moules. They have macomposes this mountain is exceflively hard. Large gazines of it on the summits of their loftiert coarse cryftals, and frequently cubic pyrites, are mountains, from which they distribute it through found in the fiffures. An immense quantity of all their cities, towns, and houses ; for every perwater ruines down the lides of Snowdon and the son in the ifand makes use of snow. They conTieighbouring mountains, insomuch that Mr Peo. fider the practice of cooling their liquors as abronant supposes, if collected into one stream, they lutely necessary for the preservation of health ; wooll exceed the waters of the Thames.

and in a climate the heat of which is constantly (1.) • SNOWDROP. 1. j. inarcispleuoium, relaxing the fibres, ci oliog liquors, by communie

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