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(5.) Smithfield, Lower, ) two tow nships of

(6.) Smithfield, Upper, j Pennsylvania, in Northampton county.

SMITHIA, in botany, a genus of the decandria order, belonging to the diadelphia class of plants; and in the natural method racking under the 32d order, Papiiionaeetc. The calyx is monophyllous and bilabiated; the corolla winged ; the legumen inclosed in the calyx, with three or four joints, and containing as many seeds, which are smooth, comDitlltd, a.nd kidney-shaptc. There is only one species, viz.

Smithia Thonina.

* SMITHING, n.s. [(romsmith.] Smithing is an art martial, by which an insular lump, or several lumps ot iron are wrought into an intended ihaDe. Moron.

SM1THSBOROUGH, a town of Ireland, in the county of Monaghan, and province of Ulster.

SMITH'S Cape, a cape on the E. coast of Hudson's Biy. Lon. 80. 53. W. Lat. 60. 48. N.

(1.) Smith's Island, an islind in Exchange Bay, at the E. end of A' tigua.

(i.) Smith's Island, an island on the coast of N. Carolina.

(3.) Smith's Island, an island in the S. Pacific Ocean, discovered by Lieut. Bid. Lon. 161.34. E. Lat. 9. 44. S.

(4.) Smith's Island, an island on the coast of Virginia, the Southernmost of the range, that lies along the coast of Northampton and Accomaclc counties.

Smith's Isles, a range of Islands on the coast of Accomack and Northampton counties, in Virginia, so named from Captain John Smith, who, in 1608, landed on the peninsula, aud was kindlyreceived by /lecomack, the native prince of the peninsula, part of which still bears his name.

Smith's Point, a cape of the United States, on the S. bank ot the Patowmac, and W. side of Chesapeak Bay, opposite Point Lookout. Lat. 37. 54- N.

(1.) Smith's Sound, a bay on the E. coast of Newfoundland, bounded on the N. by Cape Bonaventure.

(1) Smith's Sound. See Scillv, $ I. 3.

SMITHTOWN, a post town ot New York, i& Lon. 3a miles SE. of New Yoik, and 147 from Philadelphia.

SMITHVILLE, a town of N. Carolina, capital of Brunswick county, at the mouth of Cape Fear River, }o miles S. of Wilmington.

* SMITHY, n.s. [smitbtbe, Saxon.] The shop of a smith.—

His blazing locks sent forth a crackling found, Aud hifs'd, like rtd hot iron, within the smithy drown'd. Dryden. SMITING Line, in a ship, is a small rope fastened to the mizen-yard-arm, below at the deck, and Is always furled up with the mizen-lail, even to the upper end of the yard, and thrnce it comes down to the poop. Its use is to loose the mizensail without striking down the yard, which is easily done, because the mizen-sail is furled up only with rope-yarns; and therefore whtu this rope is •' pulled po'Ied hard, it breaks all the rope-yarn?, and so the fail falls down of itself. The sailor's phrase ir., smile the mizm, (whence this rope takes its name), lhat is, hale by this rope that the fail may fall down.

SMITS, Lodowick, a Dutch painter, born at Dort in 16,15. He painted historical subjects an! fruit pieces, for which he got high pi ices; yet from some de fect in his colouring, their beauty soon decayed. He died in 1675, aged 40.

* SMITT. n. s. The finest of the clayey ore, made up into halls, they use for marking of iheep, and cali \KJmitt. '''oodnuarH.

* SMITTEN. The participle passive of smite. Struck; killed; affected with passion.—If the one he smitten against the other, it shall be broken. EccluJ.— Stricken, smitten of -God and afflicted. Jsa: lui. 4.—He was himself no less [mitten with Conslrntta. Addison.

SMITTL, a town of Asiatic Turkey, in Caraanania; 18 miles F.NE.

SMITZ, Oafpar, who, from painting a gr<-*t number ot Magdalen*, was called Magdalen Smith, was a Dutch painter, who came to England soon after the Restoration. For these portraits fat a woman whom he kept, and cailed hit zxife. A lady, whd'n he had taught to draw, took him with her to Ireland, where he painted small portraits in oil, bad great busi-ieft, and hiph price*. His flowers and fruit were so much admired, that one bunch of grapes soid there lor 40 |. In his Magdalens Y<t generally introduced a thistle on the fore ground. He had several scholars, particularly Maubert, and one Gawdy of Exeter. Ye', notwithstanding his success, he died poor in Ireland in 1707.

* SMOCK, n, /. {/mot, Saxon ] r. The un<5er-(!arrflciit of a woman; a shift.—Her body cohered with a light taffeta garment, so cut, as the wrought /mock came through it in many places.

Sidney.

H iw do'st thou look now? oh ill-starred wench i

Pale as thy smack .' Shak. —Their apoarel was linen breeches, and over that a smock cose girt unto them with a towel. San

'Twere well, if she would pair her nails, And wear a cleanersmock. Siisist. a. Smock is used in a ludicrous kind of composition for any thirg relating to women.—

At//nc-Æ-treason, matron, I believ? you.

Ben Jon/on.

Plague on his smock loyalty i Dryden.

* Smock Faced, adj. [smock and /tee.] Paieiaced; maidenly.—

Leave young smock/ac d beaux to guard the rear. Fenton. (1.) * SMOKE, a. s. {yj mwg, Welsh; fmec, Jmocc, Saxon ; smoock, Dutch.] The visible effluvium, or sooty exhalation from any thing burning. —She might utter out some smoke. Sidney .— Why should the smoke pursue tht fair?

Cteaveland.

—He knew tears caused by smoke, but not by flame. Coivley.

AU irivoiv'd with stench and smoke. Milton.

As smote that rises from the kindling firesf
Is seen this mwment, and the next expires.

Prior.

Smoke passing through flame cannot bat grow red hoi, and red hot smoke can appear no other than flame. Nmuton.

(i.) Smoke Is a dense elastic vanour, arising from burning b-hes. As this vapour is extremely disagreeable to the f uses, and often prejudicial to the health, mankind have fallen upon several contrivances to enjoy the benefit of fire without b.ing annoyed by soioke. Tne mo't urnverfcd of these contrivances is a tube leading from the chamber in which the fire is kindled, to the top of the building, through which the smoke asoends, and is dispersed into the atmosphere. These lubes are called chimneys; which, when constructed in a proper manner, carry off the smnke entirely; but, when improperly constructed, they carry off the smoke imperfectly, to the great annoyance of the inhabitants. Although we would naturally imagine, that the causes which occasion smoke in rooms are exceedingly various, yet, upon examination, it will be found, that they may ail be reduced to one of these three general heads, each of which will admit of several varieties. 1. To ., fault in the .form o^ the tuhe or chimney itselr. a. To some fault in the other parts of the building, and a wrong position of the chimney with respect to these. Or, 3. To an improper (ituatio» of the house with respect to external objects. It is of the -utmost consequence, in attempting a cure, accurately to distinguish from which of these detects the smoke proceeds, otherwise the means used will be very uncertain. The celebrated Dr Franklin's Treatise on smoky chimney* is well known; (See Fjre Flace, & ii) but able as his writings on the subject have been, they are now in a great measure superseded by the late improvements in constructing fire places suggested by count Rumford. See Smoking. Chimneys whose funnels go up in the north wall of a house, and arc exoosed to the north winds, are not so apt to draw weli as those in a south wall; because, when rendered cold by those winds, they draw downwards. Chimneys inclosed in the body of a house are belter than those whose funnels are exposed in cold walls. Chimneys in stacks are apt to draw better than separate funnels, because the funnels that have constant fires in them warm the others in some degree that have none.

(1.) * To Smoke, D. a. |from the noun.] «• To scent by smoke-, to medicate by smoke, or dry in smoke.—Frictions of the back-bone with flannel,smoaked with penetrating aromatical substances, have proved effectual, Arbuthnot. a. To smell out; to find out.—He was hrft smoi'd by the old lord. Shak.—Will Trippet begins to be smoked, in case I continue this paper. SpeBator. .3. To sneer; to ridicule to the face-—

Smoke the fedow there. Congreve. (*.) * To Smoke, V. n. 1. To emit a dark exhalation by heat.—A /nuking furnace and a burning lamp pasted between those pieces. W* xv. 17.—

His brandifh'd steel,
Which/moak'd with bloody execution. Sbtu^

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To him no temple stood nor altarsmok'd. The air which contributes to the burning of this

Milton, fuel, and passes through the midst of it, is yreat

Altar- for Pallas to Athena smoi'd. Giatrv. ly heated, and expanding prodigiously in bulk-,

t To burn; to be kindled. A Icnptural term.— becomes lighter than the neighbouring air, and i»

Tie anger of the Lord shad stnoak against that therefore pmhed by it up the chimney. In like

man. Dent. 3. To move with such swiftness a» cianner, all the air which come? near the fire is

njkmdc i to move very fast. to as to wife dust li»e heated, expanded, becomes lighter, and is driver*

fcnukr.— up the chimney. . This is called the draught or

ProuJ. of hi* steeds he smokei along the field. /uSiou, but might with greater propriety bttrrm

D^ydert. cd the drift of the chimney. As the chimney

BeieAth the bending yike alike they held gradually contracts in its dimensions and as the

Tucir equal pace, and fmoai'd along the field, tame quantity of h-ated air passes through every

Pose, section os' it, it is plain that the rapidity of its as4. Tr> smeil, or hunt out.— cent must be greatest in the narrowest place. He huher came t'observe and smoke Thcie the fly G should be placed, because it wil* What course* othtr risker* took. Hudibras. there b- exposed to the strongest current. T!ii» —I beg-iti to smeke that they were a parrel of air, striking the fly vanes obliquely, pushes then* rummer*. AdJi on. 5. To use tobacco. 6. To aside, and thus turns them round with a considefefer; to be punuhed.— rable force. If the joint of meat is exactly haSo T r of you (hadsmoke for it in Rome. Sl.ak. lanced on the spit, it is plain that the only relist(^f'm T0 Smoke-PHY. n. a. [smoke and'dry. | ance to trre motion of the fry is what arises from dry by smoke.—Smoke-dry the fruit, but not if the friction of the pivots of the upright ,£oindler v>n piant them. Mortimer. the friction of the pinion and wheel, the frctioiv SW3K.E Farthings, a f. The penteoostals or of the pivots of the horizontal axis, the frictionenHamary oblations offered by the d-spersed in- of the.sm>ill end of tbc spit, and the friction of [ habitant* writhm a diocese when they made their the chain in the two pulleys. The whole of thin |prucr(5->n to the mother or cathedral church, is but a mere trifle. But there is frequently a » caattr by degrees into a standing annual rent call- con fid-rable inequality in the weight of the meat ed smtke-fartbings. on different sides of the spit r there must therefore Smoki—jack, n~s. This ingenious machine is of be a sufficient overplus of force in the impnilc of German extraction; and Mcssinger, in his Collec- the ascending air on the vanes of the fly, to overtun (,f Mechanical Performances, fays it is very an- come this want of equilibrium occasioned by the ctent, being repr-sented in a painting at Nuren- unskiifulncss or neglU?nce of the cook. There Is, berry, which is known to be older than 1350. Its howev-r, commonly enough of power wben the construction is simple. An upright iron spindle machine is properly constructed. As th^ velocity GA {Fig. I. PI. CCCXVI.) placed in the narrow of tiie current changas by every chance cf the part of the kitchen chimney, turns round on two fire, t!'e m.-tion of th'-s jack mult be vt-iy unste.-,pivot" H. and I. The upper one H'palscs through dy. Ti render it adjustable to the purpose of an iron bir, which is built in across the chimney; the cook, the puilcy E has several grooves of dis— and the lower pivot I- is of tempered steel, and is frrent diameters, and the spit tin ns more or lets conical or pointed,, resting in a conica. bell-metal slowly, by the fame motion of the fly, accordingsocket fixtd on another cross bar. On the upper as it hangs in the chain by a larger or smaller puirrul of the spindie Is a circular fly G, consisting of ley or groove. Such is the construction of the4, t, t, or more tbin iron plates, set obliquely on smoke-jack in its most simple form. Some are the spindle like the sails of a windmill. Near the more artificial and complicated, having, in plactr lower end of the spindle is a pinion A, which of the puileys and concerting chain, a spindie works in the teeth of a contVate or face wheel B, com-,;' down from the hori/tootal axis BC. On tnniing on a horizontal axis BC. One pivot of the upper end of this spindle is a horizontal conthu axis turn* in a cock fixed on the cross bar, trate wheel, driven by a pinion in place of the which supports the lower end of the upright spin- pulley C. On the lower eHd is a pinion, driving die HI, and the other pivot turns in a cock fixed a contrate wheel in p.aee of the puiley E. Thi-v on the fide wall of the chimney ; so that this axle construction is represented in Fiir. 2. Others are it parallel to the front of the chimney. On the conducted more limply, in the manner repre4-caote end of this horizontal axle, there isa small sented in Fig. 3. But the first construction has pulley C, having a deep angular uroove. Over- great advantage in point of sinolicity, and allow* t-ns pulley there passes a chain CDfi. in the lower a more easy adjnstment of the spit, which may bi '■»$ht of which hangs the large pulley E of the brought nearer to the fire, or removed fartht..fpi- This end of the spit turns loosely between from it wthout any trouble; whereas, in the otiehrauches of the fork of the rack or raxe F,- therj, with a train of whetl3 and pinions, thi* bqpMtbOttt resting on it. This is on the top of cannot be done without several changes of pin* i aoveabie (land, which can he shifted nearer to, and screws.- The only imperfection of the pull v farther from, the fire. The other end turns in is., that by long ul't- the gronves become lllppeiy, oat the notches of another rack. The mi 11 her ami an ill balanced j>>int is apt to hold back the tfttttb in the pirion A and wheel B, and the di» spit, -while the chain slides in the grooves. This. IMMf the pulieys C and E, are so propor- may be rompletely prevented by making the tinMlbat thj fly G makes troni 11 to 10 turns grooves flat instead of angular, (which greatly <liffJMtlBrn of the spit. The manner of opera- mimshes the fiichon). and funnlliing them with H&V.tiua useful, uuchiuc it easily understood... short liud» orpitis wax a take into e*uy thud ur

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