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•wered it. Raleigh. 2
f>laced above; celestial; heavenly.—

That supernal Judg- that stirs good thouehts
In any birni of strong authority. Shak.

He with frequent intercourse
Thither will send his winged messengers,
On errand- of fupenicl grace. Milton.
Both glorying to have 'seap'd the Styg an
floo-l,

A3 gods, and by their own recover'd strength,
Not hy the siiff'ranee ofsupernal pow'r. Milt.

* SUPERNATANT. adj.Xsuperriaiaru, Latin.] Sw i.nmi .g above.—{ could (hake it with the saftraatant menstruum, without roahirg between the:n any ttuc union. Boyle.

* SUPERNATATION. n.s. [fi om suptmato, Lttin.] The act of swimming on ti e top of any ■thing.—Touching the fusemutation o( bodies, take of aqu 1 fort is 1 ounce;., of quicksilver 1 drams, the dissolution will not bear a Hint as big as a nutmeg. Biicjw.—Bodies are differenced bysttpcimatation, as floating on water; for chrystal will sink in water. Brown.

* SUPERNATURAL ads [ fc.Vr and natural] Being above the powers of nature.—There rcsteth •either no way unto salvation, or if any, then suieJy a way which i; supernatural. Hooker.—VVncn supernatural dnties are necessarily exacted, natural are-not rejected. Hookfr.—The understanding is secured by supernatural assistance. Tilhtson.— 'So m iti can give any rati nal account how it is possible lhat sm h » general flood liiould come, by •any ntttuial means. And if it be supernatural, tint grants the thing 7 am proving, namely, such a supreme bring a. can alter the course of nature. iVilkins

Saints by supernatural power set free
Are left at 1 ti\ in martyrdom to die. Dryden.

* SUPERNATURALLY. adv. [from supernatural.! In a manner above the course or power of nature.—The Son of God came to do every thing in miracle, to love supernatural!}, and to pardon Infinitely. South.

* SUPERNUMERARY, ad!, [supernumeraire, Fr.super and numerut, Lat.] Being above a stated, ■a necessary, an usual, or a round number.—

Welt if thrown out, as supernumerary

To my just number found! Miltm s Par. Lost. —In 63 years there maybe iost 1? days, omitting the intercalation of one day every 4th year, allowed for this cjuajrant or su hours supernumerary. Brown.—The odd or supernumerary six hours nre npt accounted in the three years after the leap year. Hola\r.—Besides occasional and supernumerary addresses', Hammond's certain perpetual returns exceeded David's seven times a day. Fell.— The additional tax is proportioned to the/'/-'rsu" merary expence this year. AJdison.—The Roman senate ordered ^supernumerary vessels to be burnt. Arbuthnot.—A supernumerary canon is One who does not receive any of the profits or emoluments of the church. Ayliffe.

(l.) SUPERPARTICULAR, adj. \super and particular.} containing more than a part.

(z.) Superparticular Proportion, or RaTio, is that in which the greater term exceeds the less by unit or I. Ab the ratio of 1 to 1, cr 2 to 3, or 3 to 4, ccc.

to part,] containing more than a d.vision

(j.) SUFERPAP.TIENT PROPORTION, OT RATI!

is when the gre iter term contains the less ter once, and leaves some mini er greater than 1 r 111.lining. As the ritio

of 3 to j, w hich. is equal to that cf l to i,;

of 7 to 10, which is equal to that of 1 to

* SUPERPLANT. n.s. Isuper and //<w. plant growing upon another plant-—NoiuferfU is a formed plant but miflctoc. Bacon.

* SUPEIU'LUSAGE. n. s. [super and flat, Li Something more th-m enough.—After thi-thn yet retrained a su erplusuge for the aMar.;; 1 the neighbouring parishes. Fell.

» To SUPERPOWER ATE. n>. a. [sup.' r pondero, Latin.] To weigh over and above. Ik:

* SUPERPKOPORTfON. n.s [super ar,,:,*-, portio, Lat ] Overplus of proportion.—NocV \ of velocity, which toquires as gnat a supers'-j? tion in the cause, can be overcome in in 1 .V D.gbx.

* SUPERPURCATION. n.s. [superpviti,* Fr. super and partition.] More purgation tta! nough.—There happening a superpurgoi'm, b declined the repeating of that purge. H'ijemx.

* SUPERREPLEXION. n.s. [super iti flexion.] Reflexion of an image reflected.— one glass before and another behind, ynu&iliri the glass behind with ti e irrage within the fai before, and again the glass before in that, aatii vers such s iperreficxions, till the species spteii 11 last de. Bacon.

* SUPERSALIENCY. n. s. [super andU This weie better wi iticn suptrjiluncy\ Tie lit« leading upori any thing.—Their coition is b;.» persalicncy, like that of horses. Brown.

To SUPERSATURATE, v. a. in cheoiilH; To sat urate a biiis with excess of acid- SeeSii.'i $ I. *i.

* 7bSUPERSCRIBE. y. a. [super andicritc,U\ To inscribe upon the top or outside.—libci'i and others believe, that iiy the two foi1uiie;»t't only meant in general the goddess who fcrt pr>, sperity or afflictions, and produce in their betii an ancient monument, superscribed. Addii'm.

* SUPERSCRIPTION, n.s {super xl fr?* Lat.J 1. The act of fuperfcrir ing. ». That wtidi is written on the top or outside.—

Doth this churiisjisuperscription
Portend some alteration tn good will?
—Head me the superscription of these letters, fi**-

No superscriptions of fame,
Of honour of good name. Switar-

How counterfeit a coin they are whotrW*
Bear in their superscription. U*'*

It is enough tier stone
Nay hononr'd be with superscription
Of the so e lady, who had pow'r to more
The great Northumberland.

* To SUPERSEDE. *. a. [superindjr^I^i To make void or inefficacious by fuperiour pc«j er; to set aside.—Passion Is the drunkcnr.tsiit 'the mind; for as much as the effect of it i*>" the time, to supersede the workings of rose. South.—In this genuine acceptation of duKt nothing is supposed that can supersede tbc tt^laws of natural motion. Bentley,

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• SUPERSEDEAS. n. s. (In law.] It :s a writ and in the efficacy ot prayers to taints; and those Which lieth in divers and sundry cafes; in all Protestants who esteem baptism and the Lord's which it signifies a command or request to stay or supper, and the punctual performance of other forbear the doing of that which in appearance of ceremonies, without regard to morality, as fuflaw were to he done, were it not for the cause ficient for salvation. Those persons also are recwhereupon the writ is granted: for example, a koned superstitious who believe, without evidence, tnan rerulany is to have surety of peace against that prophecies are still uttered by divine inspira' him of whom he will swear that he is afraid; and tion, and that miracles are still performed. The the justice required hereunto cannot deny him: word is a.so extended to those who believe in yet if the party be formerly bound to the pence, witchcraft, magic, and apparitions, or that the in Chancery or elsewhere, this writ lieth to stay divine will is declared by qmens or augury; that the justice from doing th.it, which otherwise he the fortune of individuals can be affected by things might not deny. Cornel.—The far distance of this indifferent, by things deemed lucky or unlucky, county from the court hath afforded it a suprrse- or that diseases can be cured by words, charm-.* dtas from takers and purveyours. Carrot, and incantations. Through all these various su

* SUPERSERVICEABLE. adj. [super and ser- perstitions, there runs one general idea, the belief •viceabte.X Over efficious; more than is necessary of what n false and contrary to reason. But this or required.—A glass-gazing, superierviceable lir:i- does not prove that whatever is false and contrary cal rogue. Shat to reason may be denominated superstition. It is

(1.) * SUPERSTITION. ». /. I superstition, Fr. false and irrational to fay that there ever-lived on super/iitio, Lat.] 1. Unnecessary fear or scruples earth a race of men who walked on one leg, and # in religion; observance of unnecessary and iin- had their eyes in their breast \ or that there were commanded rites or practices; religion without giants 90 feet high: yet We would only call the morality.— man who believes these Chimeras credulous, Su

A rev'rent fear, such superstition reigns petstition has aiways a reference to God, to reli

Among the rude. Dryden. gion, or to beings superior to man. We do not

a. Rite or practice proceeding from scrupulous or however distinguish ail false and irrational opinitimorous religion. In this sense it is plural.— ons in religion by the name of superstition; We They the truth do not, for instance, apply this name to the opi

With superstitions and traditions taint* Milton, nions which some of the ancients entertained, —If we had a religion that consisted in absurd su- that Ood is the soul of the world, Aid that men perstitions, people might well be glad to hsve some are only portions of him separated for a time, of part of their life excused from it. Lav. 3. False that the soul after death iives successively in difreligion; reverence of beings not proper objects ferenl bodies. Superstition implies ignorance of of reverence ) false worship.—They had certain the moral attrteutes of Ood; we never fay a man Questions against him of their own superstition, is superstitious for entertaining erroneous opinions ji8s, xxv. 19. 4. Over-nicety; exactness too of the attributes of God:. Some Socintans have scrupulous. denied the prescience of Ood { and M. La Metberie

(3.) Sufk.rstition is a word that has been used has not only rejected the belief that He is a spirit, so indefinitely, that it is difficult to determine its but has presumed to fay that he is composed of precise meaning. From us resemblance in sound a species of crystals! (See Physics, Sect. III.) to the Litin word Ittperftes, "a survivor,'' it is e- The first of these opinions discovers very imper-' ♦ idently derived from it, and different attempts* sect i-teas of God, and the id is the height of imhave been made to trace their connection in signi- piety and absurdity; yet the Socini<ms are not ac-f fication. Balbus, in the dialogue De Natura De- cased of superstition, nor can this French philofoorurh of Gicero, fays, that they who prayed and pher be suspected of it. Superstition is the very sacrificed whole days that their children might opposite of Infiuelity, for it always includes the survive them, were called superstitious. Lactan- idea of Crfd'ulity. It consists not in falsely deny* tius censures this etymology, and fays they were ing that God possesses any particular moral atti inot called superstitious who wished that their butes, hut in believing more than what is true children mrght survive them (for this we all with,) concerning them; in forming mean unworthy but because tliey who survived their parents wor- ideas of them; in supposing that he is guided by shipped their images.- Others again fay, that su- passion like mankind, and enjoins upon his creaperstition is derived ito^superstes, because it con- tores commandments, which are trratior.al and fisted in considering the dead as it they Were alive, absurd. As ail superstition arises from ignorance But these etymologies are conjectural and trifling, and credulity in the understanding, so it has also A more probabic etymology may be traced from a scat in the passions. Pear has been commonly the primitive words, super, above, andsto, I stand; considered as the passion of the hnman mind from for the superstitions in all ages and religions, fiat- which it chierly derives its origin; and there is noter themselves, that they stand superior to the rest doubt that more superstition has arisen from fear of mankind in holiness. Superstition is a word of imrted with ignorance and credulity, than from a very extensive signification. We aprjly it to any othej- passion. Yet we cannot exclude all <>the idolatry of the heathen?; we apply it also to ther paflious. We cannot account for thesuperthe Jews, who made the will of Ood of no effect ftition of the Egyptians* without supposing 'kta by their traditions, and substituted ceremonies hi much of it arose from gratitude. They woi (hipplace of the religion of their fathers. We fay al- ped the Nile, because it distributed fertility and so that Christians are guilty of superstition; the abundance over the land ot Egypt; and they Roman Catholics, who believe in tranlubftantiattun wurlhtpped some animals, became they prevent' Vol. XXI. Part IL, Eeee «d dl the increase of other animals which were noxi- To believe vulgar prophecies, which are alwsry* ous. Thus they adored the ibis, because it Ac. the effulinns of enthusiasm or knavery, is to strpst royed the etrgs of the crocodile. In a word, sii- pose th.u God, who ha9 drawn a veil over futuperltition respects God and beings superior to rity, and oniy drlivers prophecies to accomplish man, and extends to our religious opinion;., wor- some great moral purpose, sometimes gives them ship, and practices; and may be delined absurd for no purpose at all, or to gratify idle cunohty. esmims and afiions arising from mean and defftt-ve The belief of Witchcraft, ot Apparitions, ideas of the moral attributes of God. Superstition and the Second Sight, maybe resolved into the involves the idea of a blameable inattention to rea- fame principle. To suppose that God would son, or a credulity arising from an indolence of communicate the power of doing mischief, and understanding. We eenerally make a distinction of controuling his laws, to any being merely f:ir between the imperfect opinions which a savage, gratifying their own passions, is believing what it from his situation, forms of the attributes of God, unworthy of God. The belitf of apparitions ii and those which civilized nations entertain. We equally inconsistent with the goodness of God. ascribe the ignorance of the savage to his fitua- (See Spectre.) The fame objection uses against tion; but we call the Roman Catholic fuperstiti- the second sight, and may be extended to omens, ous, and we blame him for not having those just astrology, things iucky and unlucky, forlu.ie-tcilideas of God which he might obtain from his Bi- ing, &c. A judicious history of fupeislitian We, by the exercise of his understanding. Super- would exhibit the human character in a remarkslition then does not originate so much from the able point of view. Superstition is most prevanatural weakness of the hu<ran understanding, as lent among men of weak and uncultivated minds; from a mis tpplication or a neglect of it. We can- it is more frequent in the female sex than among rot therefore with propriety apply the term super, men; for this reason that by their education they slition to polytheism ; for what all the ancient phi- have less opportunity of improving their minds, lofophers, after much study and reflection, con- It also, for the fame reason, abounds more in the eluded to be true, could never proceed from ere- rude than in the refined stages of society. It dulity and inattention, but from their situation, gained admission into the science of medicine at We very prop-rly, however, call idolatry by the an early period. He who was endowed with funame of superstition; because there is no man so perior genius and knowledge was reckoned a madevoid of understanding as not to be capable of gician. Dr Bartolo was seized by the inquisition discovering, that a piece of metal, or wood, or at Rome in the 17th century, because he untxstone, can neither hear nor answer petitions. Su- pectedly cured a nobleman of the gout. Disease* perflit'ion was a name which the ancient philoso- were imputed to fascination, and hundreds of phers gave to those who entertained mean opini- poor wretches were dragged to the stake for be011s of the gods, or did foolish things to obtain ing accessary to them. Mercatus, physician to their favour. Theophrastus gives a most rid;cu- Philip II. of Spain, a writer of uncommon acenlous picture of a superstitious pagan, and of the racy and information, appears strongly inclined various whimsical ceremonies performed by such to deny the existence of fascinatory diseases: but persons to prevent mischief, and to avert the he is constrained to acknowledge them for two wrath of the gods. The superstitious ooinions reasons; ljl. Because the inquisition had decided and practices among Jews and Christians, have all in favour of their reality; idly, Because he had equally arisen from mean and absurd ideas of the seen a very beautiful woman break a steel mirror moral attributes of God; for they have generally to pieces, and blast some trees by a single glance entertained noble opinions of his natural attri- of hcr?r«.' As the opinions concerning the cause butes. The Jews considered God as a partial Be- of diseases were superstitious, those concerning ing, who had a predilection for their nation in the method of curing them were not less so. In preference to all others, and preferred external the Odyssey we read of a cure performed by a borilage and ceremony to moral purity. If the song. Josephus relates, that he sew a certain Roman Catholics think consistently, they must e- Jew, named Ehazer, draw the devil out of an old fteem God as a Being who csn be prevailed upon woman's nostrils by the application of Solomon's by the importunity of a dead man to assist another, seal to her nose in presence of Vespasian. Many or as a Being whose patience would he fatigued different kinds of applications were used for exvith hearing prayers constantly. Hence their peiiiug the devil. Flagellation sometimes sucecednractice of praying to saints. They consider a ed admirably. Dr Mynsight cured several belt rict adherence to a variety of ceremonies, to witched persons with a plaster of assafœtida. Nor forms, to pomp, and soow, as essential to the was it only in medicine these superstitious opiniv.'orship of God: this is treating God as a vain- ons were ei.tirtaincd; they prevailed also in naplorious Being. They thoueht it their duty to tural philosophy. The pernicious effrcts in mines, extirpate heretics: this was supposing God a cruel which we now know are occasioned by noxious ;rnd revengeful Being. Even among Protestants, air, were confidently imputed to the demons of U (jreit deal of superstition still remains; many, the mine. Even Van Helmont, Bodinus, Strozza, like the Jrws, considering God, as part',I to their and Luther, attributed thunder and meteors to own peculiar sect, and a* reprobating the reft of the devil. Chemists were employed for centuries mmkind. Besides those superstitious opinions in search of the philosopher's stone, with which and practices which entirely respect our duty to they were to do miracles. It was a common Go.', there ate others which may be termed i>«/- question among philosophers in the 17th century, Rar superstitions. These also arise from imperfect whether the imagination could move external obaud mean ideas of the moral attributes of God. jects? A question generally decided in the affirmative!

tivrf Though superstition be generally the m.iric 2. Over accurate; scrupulous beyond rises', of a weak mind, such is the infirmity of human * SUPERSTITIOUSLY. adv. [from super/Itnature, that we find many instances of it among tioits.] 1. In a superstitious manner; with erroincn of the most sublime genius and most eiilight- neous religion.—There reigned in this island a ened mind9. Socrates bel'eved that he was guided king, whole memory of all others we mast ador?; by a demon. Lord Veruhm believed in witch- not superstitiouf.y, but as a divine instrument. Bjcraft; and relates that he was cured of warts by con. ». With too much eve.—Neither of these rubbing them with a piece of lard with the Ikin methods should be too scrupulously and superslion, and then naiiing it with the fat towards the tioujly pursued. Walls.

sun on the post of a chamber window. Henry * To SUPERSTRAIN. v. a. [super and jlrain.] the Gre;it was rendtred very uneasy, by some To strain beyond the just stretch.—The further it prophecies of his alTaflinat on before it happen- is strained, the less super/training goeth to a note, cd; but Julius Ca-lar neither believed his wife's Bacon.

dreams, nor the augur's prediction, by which ex- * To SUPERSTRUCT. 1: a. [superjruo, surest of courage he lost bis life, and thus both were per/lrU3us, Latin.] To build upon any thing.— fulfilled. What soy infidels to this ? (See Rome, That whereon our eternal biisi is immcdiately/u$36.) Superstition would have saved Cæsar. The perst'uHed. Hammond.—The vicious Christian may enlightened Cudworth defended prophecies in ge- think it reasonable to reform, and the preacher ricrai, and called those who opposed the belief of may hope to ftipcJlruH good life upon such a witchcraft by the name of atheists; and the pre- foundation. Hammond.—Thii is the only proper dictions of Rice Evans have been supported in the basis on which to superflruS first innocency, and present century by the Celebrated names of H\ir- then virtue. Decay of Pietv.

burton and 7orr/». Dr Hoft.nan, the fatheref the * SUPERSTRUCTIOfr. n.s. [supcrflruil.] An Modern Theory ard Practice of Midicine, in a edifice raised O'l any thing.—My own profesdissertaliou published in the large edition of his fion hath taught me not to erect newsvperstrucworks in 1747, fays, that the devil can raiseslorms, tioiu upon an old ruin. Denham. produce inseili, aud act upon the animal spirits * SUPERSTRUCTIVE. adj. [fromsuperstruS.] and imagination; and, in fine, that he is an exal- Built upon something else.—Nothing but the re-. lent optician and natural phihsipbrr on account of moving his fundamental error can rescue hirst his long experirnce. Dr Johnson, the leviathan from thesuperslru3ive. Hammond. of literature, believed in the Second Sight. (See * SUPERSTRUCTURE, n.s. [from super ami that article.) With respect to the effects of fu- slruflure.) That which is raised or built upon ptrltition on the human mind, they arc indeed something else.—Where the foundation is so nardeplorable. It chains down the understanding, row, the superstructure cannot be high. South.— sinks it into the most abject and fordid state, and Purgatory is a superstructure upon the Christian rekeeps it under the dominion of fear, and form- ligion. tillotson.—You have added to your na; times of cruelty. The Christian religion gave a tiiral endowments the JtiperstruSures of study, v'oler.t shock to the heathen superstition; the re- Drrden.

formation in a great measure demolished the in- * SUPERSUBSTANTIAL. adj. [super and.sub

perftition of the church of Rome; and the super- stantial.) More than substantial.

stition which remained among Protestants after (i.)SUPERSULPHAT, n.s. [super xnc\sulphas.}

their separation from that church has been pradu- In chemistry, a fulphat with an excess of acid.

ally yielding to the influence of enlightened rea- See Salt, § I, 21; and Sulphat.

son, or to the bold and daring attacks of insult li- (a.) SurtusuLPHAT Of Potass. See Salt,

ty and deism. We behold the prospect of its J I, 21.

ruins with pleasure, and thank the deist- f.-r their * SUPERVACANEOUS, adj. [supervacancus, zeal; but it is from the firm hope that the religi- Lat.] Superfluous; needless; unnecessary; servon of JclUs will arise in all its beauty and simple ing to no purpose. DiH.

majesty, and be admired and respected as it dc- * SUPERVACANEOUSLY. adv. [from the serves: for mean and contemptible as fupeistition adj.] Needlessly

certainly is, we would rather fee men do what * SUPERVACANEOUSNESS. n.s. [from the they reckon their duty from superstitious princi- adjective.] Need essnes .

pics, than fee anarchy and vice prevail, even * To SUPERVENE, v.n. [supervenio, Latin.] though attended with all the knowledge and li- To come as an extraneous addition.—His goodberality of sentiment which deism and infidelity will, when placed on any, was so fixed and rooted, can inspire. that even supervening we? could not easily remove

•SUPERSTITIOUS, adj. [superstitieux, Fr. it. Fell— Such a mutual gravitation can never su/liperftitiojus. Lat.] 1. Addicted to superstition; pervene to matter, unkss impressed by a divine full of ilie fancies or scruples with retrard to reii- power. Bentlcj.

gion.—At the kindling o> the fire, and lighting of * SUPERVENIENT, adj. [superveniens, Lat.] candles, they fay certain prayers, and use some Added; additional.—If it were unjust to murothersuperstitious rites. Spenser.—; der. John, the superenvient oath did not extenuate

Have I the tact. Brown.—That branch of belief was su

Been out of fondness superstitious to him? pervenient to Christian practice. Hammond.

And am I thus rewju-dcd? Shak. » SUPERVENTION, n.s. [from supervene.]

Where rite3 divine were paid; whose holy The act of supervening.

hair ' • To SUPERVISE, v. a. [super and visas, Lat.]

Was kept and cut with superstitious care. Dryd. To overlook; to oversee; to intend.—M. Baylc

E e e e % speaLS

speak* of the vexation of the supervising of the press. Cnn^reve.

* SUPERVISOR, n.s. [from supervise.] An owersccr; an inspector; a supennti ndant.—A supervisor may signify an oveiseer of the poor, an inspector of the customs, a surveyor of the highways, a supervisor of the excise. Ifntts.

How fatisfy'd, my lord! Would you be supervisor. Sbnl. —1 am informed ot the author and supervhd-i of this pamohlf t. Dryden.

* To SUPF.RV1VE. v. n. [super and -vivo. Lat.] To overiivt; to outlive.—What revolution*'in nature will it not be able to resist and super-vive? Clarke.

SUPERUS Flos. Sre Botany, Glo/farr.

(i.) • SUP1NATION. n.s. [ supinalion, Fr, from supino, Eatin.] The act of lying, or state of being laid with the face upward.

(a.) Supination, in anatomy, the action of a Supinator muscle, or the motion whereby it turns the hand lo as that the palm is lifted up towards heaven.

SUPINATOR, n.s. See Ahatomy, { 213, N°i,i3. *• ■ ■ 5 *'

(1.) * SUPINE, adj. [supiius, Lat.] 1. Eying; with the face'upward; opposed to prone.—Upon these divers positions in man, wherein the spine can only be at right lines with the thigh, arise those remarkable postures, prone, supine, and erect. Brown.—

On the hard earth the Lycian knock'd his head, '■:

And lay supine. Drydtn. —What advantage hath a man by this erection above other animals, the faces of most of them b:ing more si pine than ourJ. Ray. a. Leaning backwards with exposure to the sun.— . If the vine.

On rising ground bfc plac'd or hills supine,

Extend thy loose battalions. Dryden, 3. Negligent j careless; indolent; drowsy; thoughtless; inattentive.—These men suffer by their absence, silence, negligence, or supine credulity. K. Charles.— .... ." ;i

Supine amidst our flowing store

We slept securely. Dryden. Supine in Sylvia's snowy arms he lie?. Tatter. —He became pusillanimous and supine. Wod-ward.

(a.) • SUPINE, n.s. [supin, Fr. supinwn, Latin.] In Grammar, a teem signifying a particular kind of verbal noun, ,

(3.) Supine, in Latin grammar, part of the conjugation of a verb, being a verbal substantive of the singular number and the fourth declension. There are two kinds of supines: One, called the first supine, ending in um of the accusative case, w hich is always of an active signification and follows a verb of motion ; as abiit deambulatum. The other, called the last supine, and ending in u of the ablative cafe, is of a passive signification, and is governed hy substantives or adjectives; n%,facile diein, &c.—They have their name, fays Probus, and irtter him Vossius, quod ed instar supinorum & oticsorum baminum omnia kabent consusa: or, acuo-ding to Prilcian, quod nascunlur a partiripiis p.ifivis, qui supina appellata su'it, quiet in injimo k.'.s..a, uium tot.ju^ulionii moltat /'i/dpuiiit.

* SUPINELY, adv. (from supine.] 1. With the face upward, a. Drowsily; thoughtlessly; indolently.— '■

Who on the bed« of sin supinely lie. Sandp. But when long try'd,aiut found supinely eood', Like Æsop.'s log, they leapt upon his hack. Dryd. He panting on thy breast supinely lies. Urjd, Wilt thou then repine To labour for thyself J aud rather chuse To lie surtnely?' 'Pbiiip.

Beneath a verdant laurel's shade, Horace, immortal bard! supinely iaid. Prior. ♦SUPINENESS. n. / [from supine.] 1. Posture with the face upward, a. Drowsiness; carelessness; indolence.—When this door is open to let Dissenters in, considering ther industry *nd our supinenrss, they may in a very few years grow to a majority in the house of commons. Swift.

* SUPIN1TY. n.s. from supine.] 1. Pasture of lying with the taec upwards, a. Carclessncl>| indolence; thoughtlessness.—The fourth cause us errour is a jupinitj or neglect of inquiry; Brows.

SUPINO, ah ancient town of Naples, in the county of Mobsc, with a castle, at the foot of the Appennii'cs, and source of the Tamara, 17 milct N. by W. of Bencvcnto, and 1; SSE. of Molite.

SUPLIT2BAGH, a river of Gennary, in Upper Saxuiiy, which runs into the Elbe, near Torgau.

* SUPPEDANEOUS. adj. [sub and pes, Lat] Placed under the feet.—The hufnour descended upon their pendulosity, they having no support or sttppetlanecus stability. Brown.

(1.) * SUPPER. n.s. [fouper, Fr. See Svp.] The last meal of the day; the evening repast.— To night we hold a solemn supper. Shit. Yet, ere supper time mult 1 pertorm

Much business; Sbai. The hour ofsupper comes unearn'd. Mill". — His physicians, after his great fever, required him to eat suppers. Fell.

(a.) A Supper of heavy food should be avowed, because the stomach is more oppressed will the fame quantity of food in an horizontal p.:ture than in an erect one, and because digefti« goes 011 more slowly when we steep than when we are awake. They should be eaten long tnough before bed-time, that they may be neniy digested before going to sleep; and then a draught of pure water will dilute that wbich remains ia the stomach.

(3.) Supper Of The Lord, otherwise cailrt! the Eucharist, ft a sacrament ordained by Chmt in his church, of which the cutward partis bread and wine, and the inward part or thing signified the body and blood of Christ, which the majority of Christians believe to be in some sense or lather taken and received by the faithful communicants. (See Sacrament.). There 1* no ordnance of the gospel which has been the subject of moie. violent controversies between different churches, ahd even between different divines if the fame church, than this sacrament; and tho all confess that one purpose of its institution wss to be a bond of love and union among Christiaci it ha^ by the pcrvcrsriicls of mankind, been too often converted into an occasion of hatred. Tt;c outward and visible sign, and the inward and fp

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