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.clep. of the Ir.dre; 9 miles S. of Chitiilon, and iS W. of Ch.itr.iuro.ix.

* SUBTRIPLE. adj. [sublriple, Fr. sub and triJ>!uj, Lit.} Containing a third or one part of three.

—The power will be in a subtripk proportion to the weight. Wi kins.

* SITBVKNTANEOUS. adj. [suiventaneus, Lit.] Addle ; windy.—Suitibie uruo the relation of the mares in S.^ain, and their fubventtineous Cinceot ions from the western wind. Bras;n.

"To SUBVERSE. v. a. [subverfiu,l^X.] To "subvert. SftnUer use* subvers! in thr same sense.— EmpiresfiJivers'd, when ruling fate ha« flruck Th' tro iltrrablr hfiir. Thomson. •SUBVERSION, n. s [subversion, Fr. suiter, sus, Lit.] Oversow; ruin; destruction.— These sett subversion of thy harmless Kfe.

Shak.

—It is far m-re honouraHe to suffer, th^n to presper in their ruin ^i;d subversion. Ki"g Charles. —These thing? rcfer to the dissolution or subversion of the ea-th. Burtiet.—Laws have been often abused, to the oppression and the subversion of order. Robert.

SUBVERSIVE, adj. I from subvert] Having tendency to overturn: with rrf.—Lying is a vice subversive of the very ends and design of conversation. Robert.

To SUBVERT, v. a. [sulvertir, Yr.subverlo, Lat.] 1. To overthrow; to overturn; to destroy; to turn upside down.—

God, by thin»' deem'd weak,
Subvert J the worldly strong and worldly wise.

Milton.

—No proposition ran "be received far divine revelation, if contradictory to our clear intuitive knowledge; because this would subvert the principles of all knowledge. Locke.—Trees are sub. •verted or broken by high winds. Mortimer, J. To corrupt; to confound.—Strive not about words to no purDose, but to the subverting of the hearer?. 1 Tim. ii. 14.

"SUBVERTER. n. s. [from subvert.} Overthrower; destroyer.—

O vilesubverter of the Gallick rtign. Dryden. —They anathematize them assubverters of fouls. Waterlatd.

SUBULARTA, Rough-leave-o Alysson, or Avlwort, in botany, a grtius of plants belong, inf} to the class of tetradynamia, and order of siHeuJo/a; and in the natural order ranging under the 39th order, siligrasr. The ftlicula is entire and ovate ; the vaives are ovate, concave, and contrary to the partitions. The style is shorter than the filicula. There is only one species; viz.

Svbularia Aquatjca, which is a native of Britain. It is about an inch high. Tlie leaves are awl-fhaped, and grow in clusters round the root. The stalk is noked, and produces 4 or $ small white flowers growing alternately on short footstalks. It flowers under water, whereas most aquatic plants emerge above water at the time of flowering. The Author of Nature has, however, carefully^prcvented the tender flower from receiving any injury from the water, by making the petals close, and form themscives into a kind of arch. This plant grows on the borders of the

Vol. XXI. Part II.

Hiffhland lakes in T.o;h T.iy, in Scotland; also in Wa!e< and Ireland.

« SUBULATED, adj. [fromfibula, Lat. an aw!.] shan-d !ik.- an. awl.

SUBUR, in "ancient gengraohy; j. a river of Muiritanit; 1. a town of Spain.

it.) " SUBURB1, n. s. [suburbium, Latin.] j. Bud.!inp: without the walls of a city.—Are all these ynnr fairhlul friends o' th' suburbs? Shak. —The Spaniard lodeed three nights in the f-^urbs of his principal city. Bjcok. 2. The confine?; the outpart.—

. The suburbs of my jickrt a" si fpne,

I hive not left one fk'rt <o si* upon. Clesrvelaad.
They on the•smoothed plink,

Th-sitbur!i of their ftraw-builf citadel,

Expatiate. Milton. — Our spirits are unchanged, if they always stood in the suburbs of sorrow*. Tfuhr.

(2.) Suburb, in modern fashionable Enp'nsii, U often laid aside for the French word fui'xbourj, a word which we have no nerd of, and which conveys a false icka, as if ail lubuibs were false burghs.

* SUBURBAN, -adj. [fuburbaniu, Lat. from suburb ] Inhabiting tlie suburb.—

Poor clinches the suburban muse affords.

Dryden.

"Then weds an heiicsx as suburban mould.

Harte.

*SUB\VORKF.R. *./. [sub and worker.) Un•derworkcr; subordinate helper.—It is jlorious to be A subworker to grace. Sons h.

SUCCADANA, a kingdom in the island of Borneo, wjth its capital so named. The chief products are camphor and diamonds. Lon. ii;.. 30. W. Frrro. Lat. r. o.-S.

« SUCCEDANEGUS. adj. [surcedaneui, Lat.] Supplying the place of something else.—Nor is Ætius strictly to t-e believed when he prescribeth the stone of the otter as asuccedaneout unto castoreum. Brown.—1 will present asntcedaneous experiment made with a common liquor. Boyle.

(j.) * SUCCEDANEUM. n.s. [Latin.] That which is put to serve for something rise.

(4.) Succedaneum, in pbarm.icy, a drug substituted for another.

(t.) » To SUCCEED, v. n. [fiecerJer, Fr. sue etdo, Lat.] 1, To follow 111 order.— Not another comfort like to this

Succeeds in unknown fate. Shak. Thole of all ages to succeed wHl curse my head. Milton. a. To come into the place of one who has quitted or died.—Workmen let it cool by degrees, lest it ssiould shiver iu pieces by a violent succeeding of air. Dig by.

Enjoy 'till I return

Short pleasures; for long woes are to succeed.

Milton.

—If the father lest only daughters, they equally succeeded to him in copartnerih p. Hale.—

Revenge succeeds to love. Dryden.

Day to night, and night to day succeeds.

Dryden.

—Some witty men may succeed to their designs, and Mall the reputation of the most innocent.

X.X X Dryden. PryJeK.—The pretensions of Saul's fam.ly, who received hisciown from the immediate appointment of God, ended with his reign; and Davids by the fine title, succeeded in his throne. Locke. j. To obtain one's wilh ; to terminate an undertaking in the desired eftcCt.—'Tis almost irnpoftible for poets to succeed without ambition, Drydm. —This aridrels 1 l.avc long thought owing; and \ I had never attempted, I might have been vain enough to think I might havejucceeded. Dryd.— A knave's a knave to ire in ev'ry state;

Alike my scorn, if he succeed or fail. Pope. >. To terminate according to wish; to have a pcod eftedt.—Thy do'iigs shall prosperously suected to thee. fob. iv. 6.—This was impiillibic h>r Virgil to imitate, because of the sevtnty of the Roman language: but neither wid tt succeed English. Dryden. 5. To go under cover.—

Will you to the cooler cave succeed? Dryden. . (2.)" To SuccEfD. 1: a. 1. To follow; to be lubsec|ticnt or consequent to.—In that place no creature was hurt'ui unto man, and thole destructive essectn they now discover succeeded ihe curse, and came in with thorns and briars. Brown. 2. To prosper; to make successful.—

High rais'd Jove, from his dark prison, freed,

Will gloiiuusly the new laid work succeed.

Drjden.

Succeed my wish, and second my design, The forest Deiopcia shall be thine. Drjden. * SUCCEEDER. n.s. U'romsucceed.) One who follows; one who comes into the place of another.—

Now this j^reatsi'cceeder ail repairs. sianiel. —Should the envy of predecessors deny the lecret toJUcceede's, they yet would find it out. Suckling. —They make one man's particular fans ies convey them to their succeejers. Boyle.

ll.J "SUCCESS, n.s. [succes, Pr. ffcce/P's, Lat. J 1. The terminatipn of any affair happy or unhappy. Success without any epithet is commonly taken tor good success.—For good success pi his hand', he alketh ability to do of him that is most unable, ll'isd. xiii. 19.—

Perplex'J and troubl'il al bil bad success The tempter stood. Milton.

Not Lemuel's mother with more care Did counsel or instruct tier heir; ■ Or teich, wiih more success, h?r son. Iffllir. — Every reasonable man cannot but wilh me sue. fejj in this attempt. TillUsan.

They've strove tor ruin long without snccesi.

Garth.

—Gas sulphurih may be given with success w any disease os the lungs. Ariuthnot.—Military successes, above all others, elevate the minds of a people. At ter bury. 2. Succession. Oasulcie.—

All the sons of these five brethren reigned

By due success, and ail their nephews. Spenser.

(2.) Success, in geography, a township of New Hampshire, in Grafton county, NE. of the White Mounta.ns, on the E. lino ot the State.

(3.) Success Hay. a bay of Terra del Forgo, on the W. coast ot' the Straits of Le Maire; failed also Good Success. Lon. 6j 23. W. Lat. j*, jo. S.

(4.1 Success, C Ape, a capp on the abc-ve bay, ii. Lun. 65. 2-7. \V- Lat; ss-i- S,

* SUCCESSFUL, adj. [success and full.] Prps. perous; happy; foitunatc.—They Were terrible alarms to persons gi< wu wealthy by a long ana successful imposture. Souio.

He otserv'd the mutinous throng. Their names, their tates, their conduct and their caie

In peaceful senates and successful war. Dryden, —This is the most piopn and most successful season to meet and attack the advancing enemy. Blaikmore.

The early hunt: r, Who spreads hi;, net successful. Prior.

* JSUCC ESS1 ULLY. ad-v. ^romsuc'ccfful.) Profperoully; luekiiy; lortunattly.—

He is loo young, yet he looks successfully. Sljai. —They would want a competent instrument to collect and convey their rays successfully. Hammond.—The rule of irritating God can never be successfully proposed but upon Chris ian principles. Atterbury.—A lcformation successfully carried on in thi« great town, would in time spread ov\r the whole kingdom. Swift.— Bleeding, when the expectoration goes on juccefsfullj, supprclseth tt. Avbuthnot.

* SUCCESSFULNESS. n. s. [from successful, } Happy conclusion; desired e\ciu; scries of good tortune.—An opinion of the successfulncss of the work i* necessary to found a purpose of undertaking it. Ham/mnd.

(1.) * SUCCESSION, n /. [succession. Fr. suec.Js.o, Lat.] 1. Consecution; series of one thing or person following another.—St Augustine faith, in all this older of suce.-ssion of '• isli ^pc there is not one found a Donatiit Hooter.—Reflection on several ideas in our minds, furnishes us with the idea of succession. Locke.— Let a cannon-bullet pass through a room, aud take with it any limb of a man, it i* Clear that it mult strike successively the two lii'ts of the 100m, touch one part ol 'he flesh fiist, and another after, and so in succession, Locke. 1. A series of things or persons following one another. —These decays in Spain have been occasioned by so long a war w ith Holland; but must by two successions of inactive princes. Bacon.—The smallest particles of matter may cohere by the stiotii:ett attractions, and compose bigger par'icle« of weaker virtue; and so on for dtivers successions, Newton. 3. A lineage; an order ot descendants. CafliDelan,

And his sutafjion, granted Rome a tribute. S.':-ai. A long sucetf/ion mult ensue. Milton. 4. The power or rijjht of cuuniig to the inheritance of ancestors.— .

What peopie is so void of common fense, To vote succession from a native prince I Dryd. , (a.) Succession, in law. See Descent ; J IV.; Ixjier.tance, § a, 3.; and Law, Pars 111. Cbap. II. Seil. XX. XX1L.

(3.Succession, in metaphysics, the idea which we get by reflecting on the ideas which follow one another in our mind ; and from the succession of ideas wr get th- idea of time. See Metafhy$ics. S<&. XIIJ. § 6o--6a.

(4.) Succession To The Crown Of EngLand. See Hereditary Right. From the days of Egbert, the lirlt sole monarch i-.t England, even to the present, the sour cardiuai maxim

ims rrientioned in that article have ever betn held wh-n coupled with the doctrine of unlimited pafconstiiuti.mal cannns ot fuccellion. It is true, as five obedience, is surely of all constitutions the Sir WiliMm Blackstone observe)., this suceefii-m, most thoroughly slavish and dreadful. But whei torough fraud or force, or sometimes through ne- such an hereditary right as our laws have created ceffity, wh^n in hostile timeR the crown descended and veiled in the royal stock, is closely interwoon a minor or the like, has been very frequently ven With those liberties which are equally the infi.spended ; but has generally at last returned baik heritance of the subject, this union will form a tirto the old hereditary channel, though sometimes constitution, in thtory the most beautiful of any,a very considerable period ha intervened. A d in practice the most approved, and, we trust, i > r?cn in thole instances where this succession has duration the most peimanent. JSt ejlo pa-pelf a! keen vio.ated, the crown ha* ever been looked on Atntul

as hereditary in the wearer of it. Of which the (5.) Succession To The Late Cvown Of usurper? themselves were lo sensible, that they for France. In France the sneceftion to the mothe most part endeavoured to vamp up some narchy was limited to heirs inaie (fee Sal<c ;) but feeble show of a title by descent, to amuse the in Navarre the crown was inherited by the heir people, while they took the possession of the of 'inc, Whether male or female. Philip IV. king kingdom. And, when possession was once gain- of France in 1185, espoused Jane queen of Naed, they considered it as the purchase or acqui- vane in her own right: aud as king consort of lition of a new estate of irttieritar.ee, and trans- this latter kingdom, added the title of Navarre n.itted, or endeavoured to transmit it, to their to that of Fiance. Lewis X. son and heir of 0 vn posterity by a kind of hereditary right of Philip and Jane, succeeded to both crowns. Ey* usuroation. (See Bhichji. Com. v. i. 197 — 217.) Margaret his first wife, who had been crowned From the historical view there given, it appears, queen of Navarre, he left one daughter Joan, that the title to the ciowu is at present heredi- His id wife Clementina was pregnant at the time tary, though nut so absolutely hereditary as for- <.f his decease, and was delivered of a posthumousmerly j and the common frock, or ancestor, from son, whom most of the French annalists recognize' whom the descent must be derived, i» alto difle- as John L of France, though he lived only three rent. In the time of the Anclo Saxons, the weeks. On his deth the kingdom of France c mron stock wai King Egbert ; then William I. palled to Philip V.'and that of Navarre to Jointroduced a new race of Normars. In the per- anna the only chi.d and heir of Lewis X. and f.m of Henry II. the Saxon and Norman biOod Margaret. From Joanna, in lineal succession, the were united. In Henry VII. were united the kingdom of Navarre passed to Jane d'Albret, mu blood of the jarring houses of York and Larcas- tber of Henry IV. of France, 2nd wife Of Arr'hony ter, whore dissensions h.nl occasioned the I! ed- of Bomb'in, who, as king consort, wore thi r!i»g of so much royal blood. In Henry's vt-ins crown of Navarre. On the accellion of Henry to-i Bowed the blood of the Biilish king Ar- to the kingdom of France, the two monarchies; Thur, the progenitor of the house of Tudor, were united, and the lour succeeding princes afRy themanhgc of Henry VII's daughter, Marga- fumed the joint titles. Of these 5 monarchs, tie ret, with K. James JV. of Scotland, the loyal first and last were good kings, and merited a hetbl.,od of both kimrdoms were united in James V. ter fate than they met with. But the 3 intevvenwhofe son James VI. united the crowns and the ing Leuifu wtre persecuting tyrants, aud the two common stocks; and so continued till the blood of the millions of protestants murdered by v.irancv of the throne in 1688, when William III. them, seems to have been avenged on their whole Mary II. and Anne succeeded; but the succession race, as that of Naeoth was upon the house of was fixed in the. heirs of the Princess Sophia, in Ahab.

whom the inheritance was vested by the new king • SUCCESSIVE, adj. [succeffif, Fr.] 1. Fola"d parliament. Formerly, the descent was ab- lowing, in order; continuing a course or ccniseti;( lute, and the crown went to the next heir with- tioii iinintci ruDted.— < ut any icllriction: but now, upon the new set- Three with fiery courage he assail.4, tiement, the inheritance is continued : being li- And each successive after otiier quails. Daniel; mi'ed to such heirs on y, of the body of the Ptin- God hath set

cess Sophia, Ss are Protestant members of the Labour and rest, as day and night, to men church of England, and are married to none but Successive. Milton. Protestants. And in this due medium consists —God, by reason of his eternal indivisible natuie^ the true constitutional notion of the right of sue- is by one single act of duration present to a.l the rc ssion to ihc imperial crown of these kingdoms, successive portions of time. South.— The extremes between which it stters arc each of Send 'hesuccessive ids thro' yes down. Prior; them . qunlly destructive of these ends ft r which 2. Inherited by succession, ftot in usesocieties were formed and are ktot up. Where Countrymen,

the magistrate, upon every succession, is, elected \ Plead K.f successive title with your swords. SbaLby the people, ai d iruy, by the express provision —The empire being elective, and noi successive* of the laws, be deposed (if not punished) by his the emperors, in being, made profit of their own subjects, this may found lik" the perfection of U- tirres. Raleh,h.

berty, and look well enough when iVintAted on . * SUCCESSIVELY, adj. [fuettssivement, Fr. paper; hut in practice v. ill be ever productive of from sucessive.] In uninterrupted crder f or.e? turrult, contention, ar.d ai arcl y. Ai d, on the after another.— other hand, divine indefe<,i*bU oeicditjry t'^Ui, Tl.rte s.ms lie lift/

■• • • X x x > Ai?

All which Jliccejsiivlv by turns did reigi:. P. Q. Is it upon record ? or tile reported

Successively from ace to age? Shak. —That king left only by his six wives three children, who reigned successi vely. Bacon.

We that measure times by rirlV and last

The light of thing?successively do take. Davies. —The whiteness at length changeds'ccessive.'y into blue indigo and violet. Ne-uiton.—No such motion of the lame atom can be all of it exi'lcnt at once: it must needs be made gradually and successively both as to plac? and time. Brnfley.— We have a kind of inheritance successively conveyed to us by the primitive faints from the apostles. Jl'aterland.

* SUCCESSIVENESS n. s. [from successive.] The state of being successive.—AH the notion we have of duration is partly by the successiveness of its awn operations. Hale.

* SUCCESSLESS.Cj). [from success 1 Unlucky; uufortunate; failing of the event desired.—A second colonv is sent hither, but as successless as the first. Heylyn.—

The hopes of thy successless leve resign. Diyd. The Bavarian duke, Bold chamnion :. brandishing his Norib blade, Best temperd steel,- successless prov'n in field.

Philips.

PaTion'unnity'd, and successless \o\e, Plant daggers in m/her.rt. Addii oil's Calo.

Successless all her loft caresses prove. Pope. SUCCESSOR. See next article.

* SUCCESSOUR.»./. [succefiur, Fr. suteffhr, Lat.] This is sometimes pronounced inccessow, v. ith the accent in the middle.; One that follows in the place or character of another: correlative1 to predecisfuur.—This kin,; by this queen had a son of tenderage but of Krcat expectation, brought up as successor of his father's crown. Sidney.—Tne successor of Moses in prophecies. Ecclus. xlvi. r.— The fear of what was to come from an unacknowledged succejsour to the crown, clouded much of that prosperity. Clarendon.—-The second oart of confirmation is the prayer ar.d'bcnsdiction of the bishop, the succejseur of the apirstles in this office. Hammond.

The suriy savage offspring disappear, And curse the bright successor of the year.

Dryderr.

Whether a bright successor or the same. Tate. —The descendants of Alexander's successors cultivated navieation. Arbuthnot.

SUCCINAS, ) n. s. [(romsuerhum, L.it.Ww.] SUCCINAT,, a silt formed by the combination of the succinic acid with different basts. "These bales are acids, alkalies, and metallic oxides. But scarcely any of these sliecinats haver yet been examined with attention. "For the few experiments," (adds Dr Thomson,1 " that have been made, we are indebted to Sto; kar, Wenzel, L'Onhaidi, and Bergman." The Dr then enumerates 7 Ipecies betides the metallic Succinats: viz.

I. "succihat Of Alumina. This salfaccording to Wenzel, crystallizes in pnsras, and is easily decomposed by heat."

>. " Succinat Of Ammonia forms needleil. ojrJ crystals. It lus a lharp bitter and cooling

taste; wvc-n exoesed to heat, it sublimes withoef decomposition."

3. " Succinat Of Barytes. This fait, according to Bergman, is diilicultiy soluble in water."

4. " Succin-at Of Lime. This salt forms oblo:ie, pointed, non-deliquescent sa't«, which a-e d ssicuitly soluble even in boilii-g waier. It ij n. t altcitd by exposure to the air. It is docor..posed by muriat os ammonia, and by the ti*ed alkaline carbonats."

5." Succinat Of Magnesia has th- form of a White( glutinous, frothy mass; which when dried by the sire attract* moisture from the air, and deliquesces."

6. " Succinat Of Potass. This salt according to Lecnhardi aud S.ockar, crylial!i/.rs in three-fid: tl prisms. It has a bi'ter saline taste, is very soluble in water, and deliquesces, when exposed to the air. When exposed to heat it decrepitattri and melt*; and in a strong heat is decomposed."

7. " Succinat Of Silver. S?e Silver, §, ir>, N° xv.

81 " Succinat Os' Soda. When pure succU nic acid is saturated with sod,i, the solution by spontaneous" evaporat'ic n yields beautiful traristarent crystals of succinat of soda; some of which arc four-sided prisirs, with dihe'rai summits; othera six-sided prisms, terminated by an oWique face. Thia salt has a bitter taste, i* less soluble in water than common salt, and dues not deliquesce, when exposed to the air. It is decomposed completely, when exposed to a sufficient heat in close vessels." See Succinic Acid.

(l.) SnCCIXATED, adj: impregnated with amber,.or the Succinic Acid.

(».) Succinated Spirit Of Ammonia. See Pharmacy, Index*

* SUCCINCT, adj. [succinct, Fr. succinctup, Lat.] 1. Tucked or girded up; 1 aving the cloaths drawn up to disengage the legs.—

His habit sit for speed succinct^. Milton. His wKsurdnct then girding round his waist, Forth ritfli'd the lVvain. Pope. Four knaves in garbs/vr<-r>;S. Pipe, a. Short ; concise; bnef.—A strict and suainS sty e is that where you can take nethiny away without loss. Ik.n Jort/on.

Let all your precepts besuccinct a i\ clear.

Rr-scommun.

9 SUCCINCTLY, adv. [fromstucina.\ Biief!y; concisely ;: without superfluity of diction.—f Iliad preterit you ve;ysuccinctly with a few reflections. Bbyle.

I'll recant, when Fiance can shew me wit

As strong as our» and as succinctly writ. Rofcont.

• SUCCINCTNESS, n. f. [uomsuccinct \ Brevity; conciseness.

U-.) SUCCINIC, adj. [fromsueebuim, Lat. ant' ber.\ Of or belonging to amber; containing the- virtues or rtVcnce or amber; of the nature of ambt r.

(i.) Succinic Acid, cr the Acid Of Amber, one of the recently discovered Acids, extracted from amber. (See Amuer, 1—j; ard CheMistry, Index.) When Amber,-(fay* D- Thoin"son, vol.ii. p. 134.) " io distilled, a volatile salt is obtained sained which is mentioned by Agricola, under the name of Salt cf Amber; but its nature was long tinlr.iown. Boyle was the first who discovered that it was an acid. It is obtained by.the following process: Fi.l a retort halfway with powdered amber, aud cover the powder with dry sand, lute on a receiver and distil in a sand bath, without employing too much heat." The results are mentioned under Chemistry, § 1167, 1168. Dr Thomson adds, "It maybe made toleiat-.iy pure by dissolving it in hot water, and putting upen the nitre a little cotton moifl.cr.ed with oil of amber: this substance retains mull of the oil, and allows the solution to pass clear. This acid is then to be crystallised by a gentle evaporation ; to be repeated till the acid be sufficiently pure. Guyton Morveau has discovered, t!".it it may be made quite pure by distilling off i; a sufficient quantity of nitric acid, taking care not to employ a heat strong enough to sublime the Saccinic Acid. The crystals are transparent, white, shining, and of a foliated triangular, prismatic form rthey have an acid taste but arc not corrosive; they redden tincture of turnsole, but have little effect on that of violets. They sublime when exposed to a ce nfiderable heat, but not at the heat of a water bath. In .1 sand bath, they melt, and then sublime and condense in the upper part of the vessel;. but the coal which remains ihews that they are partly decomposed. One part of this acid dissolves in 99 parts of water at the Un.peraturc cf 500 according to Spieiman in 14 parts at c ; ar.d in 1 pai ts of water at 113°, according to Stockar dt Ntuforn ; but the greatest part crystallizes as the water cools. According to Roux, however, it still retains more ot the acid, than cold water is capable ot dissolving; 140 grains of boiling alcohol dissolve 177 cf this acid; but crystals again shoot, as the soluiinn civil?. The compounds which it forms with acids, alkalies and metallic oxids are named succinats. (See Succinat, § 1—8.) When the Si-c'Cinat or Sodai,n° 8.) i»distilled in a retort, the succinic acid is completely decomposed. There passes over into the lecciver an acid liquor, which is the acetous much diluted, and a quantity of biown oil. At the fame time carbonic acid gas, and carbonated hydrogen g:i», ared feu-gaged, and there remains in the rttort soda and charcoal. Hence it follows, that this acid is decomposed by heat, and is composed of oxygen, hydrogen and carbon. Its affinities, Morveau lays, are, Barytes, Lime, Potass, Soda,.Ammonia, Magnesia, Alumina, metallic c xides.

SUCCrNUM", Amber, in mineralogy, a species of bitumen classed UHder the inflammable substances. As a full account of this mineral was given tinder Ambir, nothing remains but to mention a few things which rj-cent experiments enables us to add. According to Dr Kirwan, 100 grains ot amber afford about yi i.f petroleum, 4$ of succii.ic acid,and a rtlidue ofTxcd maiter and water. Mr Scheele fays that when distilled, it yields an aqueous acid resembling vinegar in its; ijualities. This would induce us to believe it to be of vegetable origin. But its origin is- a point not yet ascertained. Its specific gravity is from 1065 to ricoj and it melts, at ss*1 of Tahreiihcit.

Waller hi* affirms, that mirrors, prisms, Stc. man be made of amber.

SUCCONDA. See Su Kxonda.

(1.) • SUCCORY. n.s. \cUbormm, Lat.] A plant. Miller.

A garden-siliad

Of en-iive, rariilhes, an-1 succory. I)ry,tciu —The medicaments to diminish the milk arc lettuce, purtlaine, endive, and succory. Wiseman.

(1.) Succorx, in hotany. Sec Cichorium.

(3.) Succory, Gum. See Ci+ondrilla.

(4 ) Succory, Waxt. Sec Lapsana.

SUCCOTH, in ancient geography, 1. a town which lay between the rivulet Jabbock. and the river Jordan, where Jacob fixed his tents. It afterwards belonged to the Gadites (Josh. xiii. 27.} 1. A town of Egypt, where the Israelites first encamped after their deoarture from Rameses towards the Red Sea. Succoth signifies teats.

Succoth-bekoth, a goddess of the Chaldeans ; supposed to be the same with MyliUct,.OT thtr Assyrian Venus; in honour of whom the younij women were obliged to prostitute themseives^ once in their lives, in her temple ; where each wa» called on, in her turn, by a man throwing a piece of money into her Up. The worship of this oh"feerx goddess WaS introduced into Samaria, alotgwith the corrupted worship of the true God, bjs the Babylonian emigrants, fettled there by Shalmanezer, » Kings xvii. 30. As Succotb signifies tents, perhaps the rites of Succoth~Bcnoth Wcnj celebrated in tent-beds.

* SUCCOUR, n. /. [from the verb ; Jecours, Fr.] 1. Aid ; assistance ; relief of auy kind; help in distress.—

My father, Flying for succour to his servant Bannister, Being distress'd, was by that wretch betray'd.

S/jaJL.

Here's a young maid with travel opprefs'd* And faints for succour. Sbafa. 1. The person or things that bring help.—Fear nothing else but a betraying, of succours. H'i/at, xvii. 14.—

Our watchful general hath discern'd from far T^e rnighty/i/sfoar. . Drydeti.

* To Succour, V. at. [fecourir, Fr. succurro. Lat.] To help j to assist in difficulty or distress; to relieve-—

As that fam-us queen Of Amazons, whom Pyrrtni3did destroy, Did shew her self in great triumphant [ To succour the weak sad aiQicted Troy — A grateful brast will stand upon record, against those that forget their fiends, thitsuccoured them in their-adversity. VEstrange.

* SUCCOURER. n.s. [fu.m succour.] Helper; assistant; reliever.—She hath been a fuccaurer ot" many- Rom, xvii. ».

* Succourless. adj. [frrm succour.] Wanting relief; void of fiien Is or help.—

Succourless and fad,
She with extended aims his aid implores. ,

Thomson.

SUCCUBUS, a term used by some writers for a dæmon who assumes the lhape of .1 woman, ar.d as such lies with a man ; in winch sent: it stands

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