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of-every established cliurch, tivating nature, and miking her subserve our purposes, than to have

quired of the clergy

and of some church s not established. Whether such subscription serves any good purpose, in a . religious or theological view, is a very doubtful question. It may be necessary in an.establillinient, as a test of loyalty to the prince, aiid of attach, ment to the constitution, civil and ecclesiastical, but it cannot produce uniformity of opnvon. As all language ismoieor Itss ambiguous, it becomes difficult, if not impossible, to determine in what sense the words of long established creed* are to be interpreted; ami we believe that the clei|>y of the churchee os England and Scotland seldom consider themselves a? fettered by the Thirty-nine Articles, or the Con/./ssan of Faith, when composing instructions eithcF lor their respective parishes or for the puhlic at large. Sie Indebf.ndf.nts.

(4.) Subscription, in the comineic. of books, sienisics an engagement to take a certain number or copies of a book intended to be printed, and a reciprocal obligation of the bookseller os publilhcr to deliver the said copies on certain terms. These subscriptions, which had their rife in England about the middle of the last'eentury, were lately very frequent 111 Fiance and Holland, and are now verv common among ourselves.

♦ SUBSECTION, n.f. {sub and setiip, Latin.] A subdivision of a larger lection inio a iesfer. A section of a section. Dill.

• SUBSECUTIVE, adj. [from subsequor.} Eol(owine m train.

*SUBSEPTUPLE.«t</r'. [j«*jand seft»pl«s, Eat.] Containing one or seven patt^.—If unto this lower pully there were added another, then the power would be to the weight in a fubquifttuple pioporiion; if » third, a sui/sepiuplc. IVilkpis.

* SUBSEQUENCE- n.J. [from subsequuor, LaO The state of following; not precedence.— By this faculty we can take notice of the order of precedence and subsequence. Grew.

(!.)• SUBSEQUENT, adj. [subsequent, French; subsequens, J«*t-'This woid is improperly pronounced long in the second syllable by Shakef.pcare.] Following in train ; rot preceding.In such indexes, although small pricks

To their- suistquent, there 16 seen

The baby'rigiite of the giant mass. Sbai. —The subsequent woids come on before the piecedent'Vaniin. Bacon.

Why does each consenting sign

With prudent harmony combine

In turn« to move/and subsequent appear > Pricr. —This article is introduced as subsequent to the treaty of Munstct, made about i64>. Swiff.

(«.) SuBSSfiUENT means something that comes' after another, particularly with'regard to the order of time.

* SUBSEQUENTLY, adv. [sr»m subsequent] Not so as to go before; so as to follow in train. ■—They are forced 10 comply subsequently, and to strike in with things as they fall cut. South.

* To SUBSERVE. v. [jubjervio, Latin.] Tp serve in subordination ; to serve instrumentaily.—

Not made to rule, But to subserve where wisdom beais command.


—It is a greater credit to know the ways of cap

earilrd all the inlrigurs of policy. GlanviUe.—The memory hath 110 special part os the brain devoted to its own service, byt uses all those parts which subse>-ve our sensation*, as well as our tl-inkii g p wtis. ff aljh.

• SUBSERVIENCE- \ n./.Lfrom ttlww.] I p.

• SUBSERVIENCY. \ strumental fitnel., ulc, or operation.— Wicked spirits may their tuiinir.p, carry farther in a seeming confederacy or subserviency to the drsigns of a good Dryden— There is an immediate and ayil suhlervience of the spirits to the empire of the soul, hale.—We cannot look upon the body, wherein appear:, so much fitness, ule, and jubse-iienry to infinite suctions, any otherwise than as the effect of contrivance. BerjIty.—There is a regular iuf ordination and subserviciict among all the parts to beneficial ends. Cheyne.

SUBSERVIENT, adj. [ subierviens, Latin.] Subordinate; instrumentaily useful.—Hammond pad an incredible dexterity, scarce, ever reading any thing which he did not make subservient in oiie kind or. other. Jsell.—UnJer this OoJ they worshipped many in'erior and subservient god". Stilliiigfleet.—These ranks of creatures are subservient one to another. Raj,:—While awake, we leel none of those motions continually made in disposal of ;hecorporeal principles subservient herein. Grew.—Sense 16 subset virut unto fancy. Grew. —They are hit creatures subordinate to him, and subset virnt to hi^ HrQL Newton.

Molt criticks, fond of some subservient art, Sti'l make the whole depend UDcii a pirt. Pose.

* SUilSEXTUPLE- adj, [suh and textu/Jtu, Lat.] Containing one part of iix.— One of thrse under pilllier. abates h.iif ot that heaviness the weiphthath, and causes the power to he in a subdupie prop' rtion unto it, two of them a subquadrupte proportion, thiec a subsextuc/r. Wilkms.

\%a SUBSIDE, v. n. Isub/ido, Lat.] To sink; to tend downwards. It is commonly used of one part of a compound, sinking in the whoie. Pose used it rather improperly.—

Wit li {error ti embled neav'n's/u^Uif^'hill.i>rf/. At length the wits mount up, the hairs subside. P'.fhe.

* SUBSIDENCE, , ,1. s. [from subside.) The t SUBSIDE NCY. 5 act of linking; tendencydownward.— This grAc\\s*\ fub/idency of the aby ^s would take up a considerable time. Burnet.—Being determined to subsidence mereiy by their dttferert spe-ifick gravitie;, al! those which had the same gravity subsided at the same time. H'oodzu.—Airbladders, whose surfaces are by turns freed from mutuai contact, and by a sudden subsidence met t again by the ingr-ss and egress of the air. Ath'.

'* SUBSIDIARY. udj.\subsidiarie, Er. subfidiarius, L it. fromsubsidy.] Assistant; brought in li". —Bitter substances ourn the blood, and arc a se»t of subsidiary gad. A'butfmot.

(I.) ' SUBSIDY: n. s. Uubjd}, fr. substdiun^ Lat.] Aid, commonly such as Is given in money.— They with much alacrity granted a great rate <»f subsidy. Bacon.'tis all the subsidy the present agecan raise. Dryden.—It is a celebrated not i»n.of <l p.ltri jt, that a b'jufe of commons should never grant

.■.*".'. vsuc!»

4 I

Inch subfidi?! as give no pair to the people, lest f/antia, Lit.] 1.Being; something existing) some,

the nation lliouui acquiesce under a hurdeu they thing ot' which we can say that it is.—
did not feel. She is a substance, and a perfect being.

(%.) Subsidy, in law, signifies aii aid or tax Da-vies. printed to the kin? by parliament, for the need- This empyreal substance cannot fail. Milton.

lary occasions of th« kingdom; and is to be levied 1. That which suppoits accidents.— on every subject of ability, according to the rate What creatures there inhabit, of what mold,

or value of his lands or goods: but this word, in And sub/tana? Milton.

some of our statutes, is confounded with that of —Every beingls considered as siihsisti«g irt and by

cull mil". Stc Tax. itself, and then it i» cai'ed ^substance. H'atts. 3.

(3.) Subsidy, in modern European politics, a The essential part.—It will ierve our turn tocom

l;irge (urn ot menty, otter amounting to millions, prehend the sub/lance. Digby.—This edition is the

grt:ero"sty thrown away by the British government same in substance with the Latin. Burn.—They let

to certain foreign despets, who call themselves you fee with one cast of the eye the substance of a

our allies, to pay them for fighting tix'ir vwn bat- hundred page5. Addison. 4. Something real, not

tJej, and who, when they get their own ends ac- imaginary; something solid, not empty.— compl'shed, corrmon'y make a separate peace Shadows to-right •

w ith the enemy, and icavt us in the lurch; nay. Have struck more terror to the foul of Richard, sometimes ungratefully join the toe against us. Than can the substance often thousand soldier* By such subsidies, Bnt.-.i:) often gains much glory, Arm'd in proof. Sbak. but the profit goes a i to her allies, while her na- He the future-evil shall no less

tional debt still increases. See the history of F,u- In apprehension than in substance feel. Milton. rope for the last century or more, under Eng- Heroick virtue did bis actions guide, Land. § 69—110, pustim. And he the substance, not th' appearance chose.

* Tc S'UBSIGN. 1'. a. [fubfigno. Lat.] To sign Drjden. under.—Neither have they !ten any deed before —God has performed the substance of what he the conquest, butsubsigned with crosses and single promised. Nelson, j. Body; corporeal nature.— names without surnames. Camden. Between the paits of opake and coloured bodies

* To SUBSIST, -v. n [fubfister, Fr.subsisto, Lat.] are many spaces, either empty or replenilhed with .1. To be; to have existence. 2. To continue; mediums of other densities; as water between

to retain the present state or conditioo.— the tinging corpuscles wherew ith any liquor 1*

Firm we subjst, but possible to swerve. Milt, impregnated, air between the aqueous globules

—It was a moral inipoflibili'.y that the ri-pubiick that constitute clouds or mists, and for the most

could substHany longer. Swift. 3. To have means part, spaces void of both air and water; but yet

of livin«?;to be maintained.—Ripened the fruits of perhaps not wholly void of all substance between

poetry in a cold climate; and give me wherewithal the parts of hard bodies. Newton.—The qualities

Xnsvbstft in the long winter which succeeded. Dryd. of plants are more various than those of animal sub

Let us remember those that want necessaries, stances. Arbuthml.—There may be a great and con.

as we cur'elves ihould have desired to be remem- It am cough while the sub/la nee of the lungs remains

bred, had it been our fad lot to subsist on other sound. Blackmorc. 6. Wealth; means of life.—

men's charity. Atterbury. 4. To; to have He hath eaten me out of house and home, and

existence by means of something else.—Though my substance into that fat belly of his. Sbak.—We

those qualities are sufficiently distant, yet when are destroying many thousand lives, and exhausting

they come to subsist in particulars, and to be cloth- our jubilance, but not for our own interest. Swift.

,fd with several accidents, then the discernment Is (2.) Substance, in philosophy, is the subject

hot so easy. Soulli. %o which we suppose qualities belong. Thus gold

* SUBSISTENCE, or? n./.[subsistence,^T. from is the substance to which the qualities ef dnctili

* SUBSISTENCE". \substst.\ t. Real being, ty, yellowness, density, &c. belong. See Meta.—In Chiirt there is no nersoralsubsistence but ore. Physics, Seel. XI. § II.

Hooker.—We kuow a" little how the union is dis- (1.) * SUBSTANTIAL..^/". [ substantial*,.Vr.

siilvcrf,thatisthechaiiioftl.eledirt'ering/;i*/^/?imrjfj from substance.] 1. Real: actually existing.—If

that compound us, as how it first commenced, this atheist would have his chance to be a real and

Glanv.—Not only the things kadsubsistence, but the substantial agent, he is more stupid than vulgar,

very images w-cre of some creatures existing. Stll- Bent ley. 2. True; solid; real; not merely seem.

tingsiteU 2. Competence; means of supporting ing.—

life.—His viceroy could only propose to himself a O blessed! blessed night! I am afraid,

comfortable subsistence out of the plunder of his Being in night, all this is but a dream;

province. Addijon. 3. Inherence in something Too flattering sweet to be substantial. Shai.

pise. To give thee being, I lent

* SUBSISTENT. adj. [subsistTM, Lat.] t. Ha- Out of my fide to thee, nearest my heart, ving reai being.— Such as deny sp rits subfistent Substantial life. Milton. without bodies, will with difficulty affirm the fe- If happiness be a substantial good,

parate existence of their own. Brown. 2. Inhe- I err'd to seek it i'i a blind revenge. Denbam.

rent.—Theseiiualities are nolsuosiilent in those bo- —Time as a river, hath, brought down to u»

dies. Brnttey. what is more light and superficial, while thingi

', SUBSIZATORF.S. Sec Sizar. more solid and substantial have been immersed, (l.) * SUBSTANCE. «•/. [substance, Fr. sub- Glarmille.—The difference betwixt the empty va

Witts of orVntition, and thesubstantial ornaments of virtue. L'iistrange.—Observations arc the only fare grounds whereon to build a lasting and substantial philosophy. Woodward.—A solid and substantial greatnts* of soul, looks down with neglect on the censures and applauses of the multitude. Addifon.—Tins useful, charitarble, humbie employment of yoarselves, is a substantial part of a Vise and pious life. Lavs. 3. (Corporeal; material.—

Now shine these planets with substantialrays.'


—The fun appears flat like a pl.ite of silver, the moon as big as the fun, and the rainbow a large substantial arch in the sty, all which are gTirfk falsehoods. Watt 1. 4- Strong, (tout; buiky.—

Substantial doors, . Cross-barr'd fear no assauit. Mitton. 5. Responsible; moderately wealthy; possessed of substance.—Trials of crimes and titles of right Jhall be made by veHict of a jury, chosen out of the most substantial freeholders. Spenser.— The merchants and most substantial citizens cannot make up more tban 100,000 fa —tires, Addis.

{2.) Suistantial mearis also belonging to the cat-are of substance.

(3.) * Su&stantials. n./. [Without singular.] Essential parts.—Although a custom introduced against \hesubstantial! of an a;>peal be not valid, as that it should not be appealed to a superior, but to an inferior judge, yet a custom may be introduced ngamtt the accidentals of an appeal. Ajlifse.

* SUBSTANTIALITY. n.j. [from substantial.] X. The- state of real existence, z. Corporeity; materiality.—Body cannot act on any thing but by motion; morion cannot be rectived but by quantity and matter: the foul is a stranger to such gross substantiality. Glanv.

* SUBSTANTIALLY, adv. [fromsubstantial.) j. In manner of a substance ; with reality of existence.—

In him his Father shonesubstantially express'd.


1. Strongly; solidly.—Having so substantially provided for the North, they promised themselves they should end the war that Summer. Clarendon. 3. Truly; solidly; really; with fixed purpose.— The laws c»f this religion wouid rnake men, if they would truly observe ihemj'ubstantiulljr reiigious towards God. Tillotson. 4. Witn competent wealth.

* SUBSTANTIAI.NESS. »./. (fiom substantiai.] j. The state of being substantial, i. Firmness ; strength ; power of holding or lasting.—Substantialnest comuineth with deUghtfulness. Qamden.

—In degree of substantialness next above the dorique, sustaining the third, and adorning the se■con-1 story. IVotttn.

* To SUBSTANTIATE, v. a. [fromsubstances To make to exist.—The accidental of any act is said to be whatever advenes to the act itself already substantiated. Ayliste,

(t.) 'SUBSTANTIVE.adj. [substantivus, Lat.] 1. Solid; depending only on itself. Not in use. —He considered how sufficient andsubslanthrr lh\t land was to maintain itself. Bacon, a. Betokening existence.—One is obliged to join many particulars in one proposition, because the repetition of the substantive verb would be ttdious. Arb.

(a.)* Substantive. n.s. [subjfanttf, Fr,/»*stantivvm, Lat.J A noun betokening the thing, not a quality.—CUudian perpetually closes his sense at the end of a verse, commonly railed golden, or two substantives and two adjectives with a ver!) betwixt them. Dryden

(3.) Substantive Noun, in grammar. R«e Oammak, under English Language, p. 691.

(4.) Substantive V«rb, in grammar, a verb exprrffing existence; as 1 am; to be; to exzfl. The Latin has 4 substantive verbs; viz. Sum, jkr, forem, and existo.

* SUBSTANTIVELY. adv. [from subslantsw.] As a substantive.

SUBSTILAR. adj. in dialling [from /aft, and stile.) under the ftilt. Mojcon mrntioDS the jubjular line.

* SUBSTITUTE, n. s. [substitut, Fr. from tfce verb.] 1. One placed by another lo act with delegated power.—

Were you sworn to the-duie, or to the J pi>

ty? ■

• To him arid substitutes. Sbak.

You've taken up, Under the counterfeited zeal of Oqd, The subjects of his substituU, my father. And here upswarm*d them. Sj?ai.

Hast thou not made me here thy substitute. And these inferior far beneath me set? Milton. —Providence delegate"! to the supreme magistrate the same power fur the good of men, which that supreme magistrate transfers to those feveral_/i<4rtitutes who act under him. Addistn. 2. It is used likewise for things; as, one medicine is ^substitute for another.

* To Substitute, U. a. [subftituer, Yr.fyAsHtsftus, (tornsub and/W/no, Lat.l To put in the place of another.—In the'original designs of speaking, a man can substitute none for them that can equally condHCe'to his honour. Gon. t>sthe Tongar.

Reject him then, and substitute another. DrjJ. —Some few verses are substituted iu the room of others. Cowrrei'c.

(1.) • SUBSTITUTION. »./. [substitution, Fr. from substitute.} The act of placing any person or thing in the room of another; the state of being placed in the room of another.— He did believe lie was the duke, from substitution. Skat. —Nor sal, sulphur, or mercury can be separated from any perfect metals^ for every part, so separated, may easily be reduced into perfect metal without substitution of that which chymiits imagine to be wanting. Bacon.

(a.) Substitution, in the civil law, a disposition of a testament, whereby the testator substitutes one heir for another, who has only the usefruit, and not the property, of the thing left him.

* To SUBSTRACT. v. a. [substrabo,*. straSton, Fr.j I. To tale away part from the whole, a. To take one number from another.

(I.) • SUBSTRACTION. «./. [fitstraire, fisestraHion, Fr.] 1. The act of taking away part from the whole.—I cannot call this piece Tully's nor my own, being much altered not only by the change of the style, but by addition and substruction. Denham. 1. [In arithmetics] The taking us a lesser number out of a greater of like kind;


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whereby to find out a third number, beings or de- the homage made to Ferdinand II. by the Pindaring the inequality, excess or difference be- '' '' ~ '" tween the numbers given. Coder.

(*.) Substraction and Substract certainly arc or ought to be obsolete. They are a vulgar and irregular spelling, totally unauthorised by the original Latin word*, siJ> and trauc. It is absurd %o pretend they are derived from the French, (See To Subtract,) so? in that case they should be SotJSTXACT, and Sobstraction.

* SUBSTRUCTION.». /. [fubfiruaio, from sub tribes, are brimstone and mercury, and Jiruo, Latin.] Underbuilding.—Examine the Subterranean wind; transports a hill. Mill. bed of earth upon which we build, and then the —Alteration proceeded from the change made in, under fillings, or j'ulji, uSion, as the ancients cal- the neighbouring jubterraneas parts. Boyle.

led it. Il'otton.— Tell by paths, what tu.terr.ineu* ways»

* SUBSTYLAR. adj. [sub and stylus.] Sub/ly- Bxclc to the fountain's head the sea conveys lar line is in dialing, a right line, whereon the- The refluent rivers? Hitxkmor*. gnomon or style of a dial is erected at right angles Let my soft minutes glide obscurely on, with the plane. I>i&.—Erect the style perpendieu- Like subterraneous streams. j'wmt larly over the/uijlilar line, so as to make an angle —This subterranevvs passage was not at first drwith the dial-plane equal to the elevation of the signed so much for a highway, as- lor a quarry, pole of your place. Monen. Addison.— . .

(1.) SUDSULPHAT. See Sub. and Sulfhat. RousM within the subterranean worlds

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* SUBSULTIVX Su&sultors. adj. [sub/ul- A place under ground.—Not in use.—We comtus, Lat.] Bounding; moving by starts. monly cunsi-ler subterraairies not in contempt*-

* SUBSULTORILY. adv. [from subsidiary.] In tions sufficiently respective unto toe creati a bounding manner -r by sits; by starts.—The Brown.

spirits spread even, and move not j'uisukori- • SUBTERRANY. See S«bter*aneal.

ly. Bacon. (1.) * SUBTILE, adj: [subtile, Fr.subtilis. Lat

* SUBSULTORY. Se* Subsulti*e.

* SUBTANGENT.. n.s. In any curve, is the line which determines the intersection of the tangent in the axis orolonged.- DiS.

* To SUBTEND, v. a. [jub- and tendo, Lat.] To be extended under.—In rectangle* and triangles the fquarr, which is made of the fide that

This word K often writtensubile.\. 1. Thiu; But
dense v not gross.—

From hig eyes the fleeting fair
Retir'd, like subtle (m»ke diffolv'd in air.


Deny Des Cart hissubtiJe matter/
You leave him neither tire nor water. Prior.

fubtendetb the right angle, is equal to the squares —Is not the heat conveyed through the vacuum

which are made of the sides containing she right angle. Brotsjn.

From Aries rightways draw a line, to end

In the fame round, and let that line subtend

An equal tmnglr. Creech.

UO • SUBTENSE. n.f. [fab and ten/ur. Lat.] The chord of an arch.

(z.) Subtense, in geometry, is a right line wlvch is opposite to an angle, and drawn between the two extremities of the arch which measures that angle.

*SUBTER. [Lat.] fo composition.^wi/fe/ under.

• SUBTERFLUENT. \ adj. [s*bte>/luo, Lat.]

• SHBTERFLUOUS. J Running under.

• SUBTERFUGE, n. s. I subterfuge, Fr. suher and fugio, Lat.] A shift; an evasion; a trick. The king cartd not-for subterfuges. Bacon.—Notwithstanding all their sly subterfuges, yet the product of all their endeavours is but as the birth of the labouring mountains. Glanv.—Affect not little shifts and subterfuges, to avoid the force of an argument. Watts.

SUBTERMANS, Justus an eminent Flemish painter, born Antwerp, in 1597. He was famous for histor) and portraits. In the palace of Florence, there is a celebrated painting by luai, of

by the vibration? of a much fubtiler medium tban> air. Newton s Opt. ». Nice; fine j delicate; not coarse.—

But of the clock which in our breasts we bear,

The subtile motions we forget the while. Bnirirs* lifer subtile form thou only can'st define.


I do distinguish plain
Each fulfils line of her immortal face. Da-vus.

3. Piercing; acute.—

Pass we the flow disease and subtile pain, Which our weak frame is dellin'd to sustain.


4. Cunning;: artful; fly; subdolous. In thi»
sense it is now commonly written subtle. Miiton
seems to have both. [3ee Subtle.]—Arrius, a
priest in the church of Alexandria? a/u£fi& wilted,
and'a marvellous fair spoken man, was discon-
tented that one should be placed before him in
honour, whose superior he thought himstlt in de-
sert, flooker.

Think you this York
Was not incensed by his subtle mother,
To taunt and scorn you r Shai-
O subtile love, a thousand wiles thou hast


By humble suit, by service, or by birr, To win a maiden's hold. Fitirfar. —An harlot and subtile of heart. Prov. vii. 10.— Nor thou his malice, and false guile, contemn:

- Subtile he needs must be, who could seduce

Angela. Milton, f. Deceitful.—

Like a bowl upon a subtle ground, I've tumbled palt the throw. S/jai. 6. Refin'd ; acute beyond necessity."—

Things remote from use, obscure and subtle. > i. Milton.

(i.) Subtile, in physics, an appellation given to whatever is extremely small, fine, and delicate 5 such as the animal spirits, the effluvia of ordorous bodies, &c. are supposed to be. »

* SUBTILELY. adv. Ifrom subtile^ I. In a subfile manner; thinly; not densely. 1. Finely; not grossly.—The constitution of the air appeareth moresubtilely by worms in oak-apples than to the sense of man. Bacon.—In these plaisttrs the stone liinuld not -be too subtilely powdered. Sr own.—The opakest bodies, if subtilely divided, as metals dissolved in acid menstruum", become perfectly transparent. New/ton. 3. Artfully ; cunnjngly.—Add the reputation of loving the truth sincerely to that of having been able to oppose it subtilely. Boyle.—Others have fought to ease themselves of affliction by disputing Jubtilely against it. Tillotson.

* SUBTILENESS. n.s. [fromsubtile.) 1. Fineness; rareness. ». Cunning ;.artfulness.

.* ToSUBTILJATE,.«t>. a.-(from subtile.)' T6V make thin.—A very dry and warm or subtiliating air opens the surface of the eafth. Harvey.

* SUBTILIATION. n.s. [lubtiliation, Fr. from lubtiliate.) The act of making thin.—By subtiliatian and rarefaction, the oil contained in grapes, if distilled before it be fermented, becomes spirit of wine. Boyle.

SUBTIUTY. See Subtilty.

* SUUTILIZATION, n. s. {from subtilize.'] X. Subsidization is making any thing so volatile as to rise readily in steam or vapour. Quinsy.—No tubtilization, division of parts, nr refining, can alter these resistances. G/xyne. 2. Refinement; superfluous acuteness.

(1.) mTo SUBTILIZE, v. a. f subtilizer, Fr. from subtile.) 1. To make thin; to make less gross or coarse.—Chyle, being mixed with the cholcr and pancreatick juices, is further subtilized,' and rendered fluid. Ray.—B.idy cannot be vital; for if it be, then is it so either as subtilized ur organized. Gmv. 2. To refine; to spin into useless niceties.—The most obvious vciity is subtiliz.ed into niceties. Glanville.

(j.) * To Subtilize, V. n. To talk with too much refinement.—Qualities and moods some modern philosophers have subtilize/I on. Disrby.

* SUBTILTY. n.s. [subtilise, Fr. fruit) subtile.) 1. Thinness ; fineness ; exility of parts.—Tint subtil'ies of particular sounds may pal's through Imali crannies. Bacon.

Nought ties the soul, her subtilty is l'u~li.

Dai ies.

—The corporeity of a'.l bodies being the lame, and subtilty in al: bodies beir.g essentially ti.e Unic

thing, could any body by subtilty become vital; then any degree of subtilty would produce some degree of life. Grew.—Bodies the more of kin they are to spirit in subtilty and refinement, the more spreading and selMifsusive are they. Norrii. i. Nicety; exility.—Whatsoever is invisible, in respect of the fineness of the body, or subtilty of the metion, is little enqu'red. Bacon. 3. Refinement; too much acuteness.—You pr«fer the reputation of candour before that of subtilty. Boyle. — Intelligible discourses are spoiled by too much subtilty. Locke.—

Greece did at length a 'earned race produce,

Who needful science mock'd, and arts of use;

Mankind with \d\tsubtilties embroil,

And fashion systems. Blackmore. —They (lied subtilty upon their author. Baker. 4. Cunning; artifice; slyness.— Finding force now faint to be,

He thought grey hairs afforded subtilty. Sidney. —The rudenesi and barbarity of savage Indians knows not so perfectly to hate all virtues as some men's subtilty. K. Charles.—

Sleights proceeding

A" from his wit and native subtilty. Milton.

* SUBTLE, adj. [Written often for subtile, cspecially in the sense of cunning.] Sly; artful; cunning.—Someyi<i</e-headed fellow will put some quirk, or devise some evasion. Spenser.

Shall we think {he subtle witted French C'mi'rers and soic'rers? Shah. The scrpevU, beast of all the field.


—The Arabians were men of a deep and subtle wit. Spratt. SUBTLETY. See Subtilty.

* SUBTLY, ad-v. [hornsubtle.] t. Silly; artfully; cunningly.—

Thou see'st how subtly to detain thee I devise;

Tiviting thee to hear, while I relate. Milton. 3. Nicely; delicately.—

In the nice bee, what sense so subtly true, From pois'r.ous herbs extracts the he i!ing dew!


* To SUBTRACT. a. [suitfaSh, Latin. They who derive it from the Latin writesub troll; those who know the French original, write JubJlraCl, which is the common word.] To withdraw part from the rest.— Reducing many things unto charge, which became concealed and subtracted from the crown. D.ivi.'s.—What is Justra>led out of the divine perfection, Waves still \ quotient!*. Halt.—The fame swallow, by the subiraHin^ daiiy of her eggs, layed nineteen succellivelv, and then gave over. Rny.

* SUBTRACTER, n. /". [sul', Lut/J The number to he uken out of a larger number.

(1.) •SUBTRACTION.;/./. See Substrac


(i.) Subtraction, in arithmetic, the seroi-d rule, or raiher operation, in arithmetic, whereby we de luct a less number from a greater, to learn their precise difference. See Arithmetic, Index; and Algebra.

-SUBTRAHEND, n.s. \subtralxndjm, hit.) The number nut ot which par: Is taken.

SU3TRAY MiZI.- Re, i to-.v;i ot' France, in tl.e

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