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Halt. a. [Soujettion, FK]

der government.—The subjection of the body to the wil1 is by natural necessity; the subjeSkn of the will unto God voluntary. Hocier.—How hard it is now for him to frame to subjection. Spenser.

Both in fabjeBion now to sensual appetite.


• SUBJECTIVE, adj. [ieamfiije3,] Relating rot to the object, but the subject.—Certainty according to the schools is distinguished into objective andsubjeSive: objective is when the proposition is certainly true in itself; and subjective, when we are certain of the truth of it. Watts.

SUBINFF.UDATION, »./. [Sub, in and find.] in English law, was where the inferior lords, in imitation of their superiors, began to carve out and grant to others minuter estates than their own, to be held of themselves; and were so proceeding downwards in mfinitum, till the superior lords observed, that by this method of subinfeudation they loft ail their feodai profits, of wardships, marriages, and escheats, which fell into the bands of these mesne or middle lords, who were the immediate superiors of the terre-tenant, or him who occupied the land. Tris occasioned the stat. of Westm. 3. or quia emptores, 18 Edw. I. to be made; which directs, that, upon all faies orfeoffments of lands, the feoffe shall hold the same, not of his immediate feofler, but of the chief lord of the fee of whom such scoffer himself held it. And hence it is held, that all manors existing at this day must have existed by immemorial prescription; or at Itast ever since the ig Edw. I. when the statute os quia emptores was made.

• SUBINGRESSION. n.s. [sub »ni ingresus, Latin.] Secret entrance.—The pressure of the ambient air ia strengthened upon the accession of the air sucked out ; which forceth the Tie's hbouring* air to a violent (ulingrcsfion of its parts. Basic.

TotSUBJOIN. v. a. [sub and joinder, French; subjungo, Latin.] To add "at the end; to add afterwards.—He knew not that he was the highpriest, and subjoins a reason. South.

• SUBITANEOUS. adj. [jubitaneus, Latin.] Sudden; hasty.

SUB1TO, adv. in the Italian music, is used to signify that a thing is »o be performed quickly ind hastily: thus we meet, with votiij'-sbito, turn over the leaf qmcklv.

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Subjoined to somethlnf else. a. [In Grammar.]—The verb undergoes » different formation, to signify the fame intentions as the indicative, yet not absolutely but relatively to some other verb, which Is called the subjunSive mood. Clarke.

(a.) Subjunctive, in Grammar, or SubjuncTive Mood. See Grammar, under English Language, page 695 ; where Dr Johns6n, from some i\:him, that had struck, him, gives it the two new titles of Potential and Conjunctive; DHt all such refined and multiplied distinctions are unnecessary and burdensome to beginners; aud instead of opening the gates of science wider, tend rather, like a labyrinth, to bewiider the learner. In common language, the subjunctive mood is much neglected, both in speaking and in writing; especially in the use of the substantive verb. In the best modern writings, the expression, " if there is"—is often used instead of " if there be." Authors of the 16th and 17th centuries were much more attentive to this diltinction, than those of the present age.

it.) * SUBLAPSARIAN. Sublapsary. adj. [sub and lap/us, Latin.] Done after the fall of man.—The decree of reprobation, according to the ftiblapfarian doctrine, being nothing else but a mere pretention, or non-tlection of some person* whom God left as he found, involved in the guiit of the first Arlam's transgression, without any actual personal sin of their own, when he withdrew some others as guilty as they. Hammond.

(a.J Sublapsarians, or InFkalapsariAns.


SUBLAPSARY. See the last article.

• SUBLATiON. n. / i/ublatio, Lit.] The aft of taking away.

• SUBLEVATION: n.s. [sublevo, Lat.] The act of railing 011 high.

SUBLEYUAS, l'cttr, an rnvnent French painter, born 111 Langucdoc, in 1699. He excelled in history and portraits; and was much patronised by the king and nobility, as wtil as by foreigners. He painted a grard piece for St Peter's church ac Rome; 1nd died in 17J9, a,red 50.

• SUBLIMABLE. adj. Itrom jublime.} Possible to be sublimed.

• SUBLIMABLENESS. n.s [fromsubli>\ Quality of admitting fublimat'O".— He obtained another concrete as to taste and soneli, and easy

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jvgo, Lat.) To conquer; to su'>due; to bring under dominion by force.—

O fav'rite virgin, that hast warm'd the breast, Whose fov'reign dictates Ivbjngate the east!


—He subjugated a king, and called him his vassal. Bake/.

* SUBJUGATION, n.s. [fromsubjugate.} The act of subduing.—This was the condition of the lrarnrd part of the world, after their subjugation by the Turks. Hale.

• SUBJUNCTION. n.s. [(ramsubjungo, Lat.] The state of being subjoined 5 the act of subjoining.—Tbe verb undergoes in Greek a different formation; and in dependence upor, orsubjunSicn to some other verb. Clarke.

(x.) * SUBJUNCTIVE, adj. [subjun3ivus, La

(1.) •SUBLIMATE, adj. Raised by lire in the vessel.—The particles ot mercury uniting with the acid particles of spirit of fait compose mercury sublimate. Ne-vtan.

(a.) " Sublimate, n.s. [from jublime.] 1. Any thing raised by tire in the retort.—Enqune what metais endure lubliming, and what body the sublimate makes. Bacon. 1. Quicksilver raised ia the retort.

(3.) Sublimate, a cbemicil preparation, consisting ot quiokii ver united with the muriatic acid. See Chemistry, 943 ; and Pharmacy, Index.

* To Sublimate, V. a. [fromsublime, t. To raise by the force of chemical fire. a. To exalt; to heighten; to elevate.—

Words, whose weight best suit a sublimated strain. liraytin.


♦-Not only the profs and illiterate souls, but the most aerial and sublimated, are rather the more proper fuel for an immaterial fire. Decay of Piety. —The precepts of Christianity are so excellent and refined, and so apt to cleanse and sublimate the more grof- and corrupt, as shews fldh and blood nevtr revealed't.' Decay of Piety.

fr.} * SUBLIMATION, n.f. [sublimation, Fr. from sublimate.} 1. A chemical optration which raise* bodies in the vcflel by the force of fire.—' Sublimation differ? very little from distillation, excepting that in distillation only the fluid parts of ■bodies are raised, but in this the solid and dry; and that the matter to he distilled may be either s>lid or fluid, but sublimation is omy concerned about solid substances. There is ailo another difference, namely, that rarefaction, which is of very great use in distillation, ha3 hardiy any room in sublimation; for the substances which are to be sublimed beirg solid, are incapable of rarefaction j and so it is only impulse that can raise them. i^urn/y.—Separation is wrought by weight, as in t*e settlement of liquors, by heat, by precipitation or sublimation; that is, a calling ot the several parts up or down. Uaeon.—May it not be inferred that sulphur is a mixture of volatile and fixed parts so strongly cohering by attraction, as •to ascend together by sublimation? A'<wton. i. Exaltation; elevation; act of heightening or improving.—

She turns

Bodies to spirits, by sublimation strange. Davits. —Religion is the perfection, refinement, and sublimation of morality. South.

(i.) Sublimation, in chemistry, is the condensing and collecting, in a solid form, by proper vessels, the fumes of bodie3 raise*! from thtm by the application of a proper heat. See Chemistry, Index.

(i.) SUBUMATORY, adj. [from sublimation.) Of or belonging to sublimation, or to the art of subliming.


(i.) * SUBLIME, adj. [sublimu, Lat.] i. Hb-ti in place; txalted aloft.—

They fum'd their pens, and soaring th' air


With clang defpis'd the ground. Mi'ton. Sublime on these a low'r of steel is rear'd.

Dry Jen.

i. High in excellence; exalted by nature.— My earthly strained to the htight

In that celestial colloquy sublime. Milton. Can it be, that fouls sublime

Return to visit our terrestrial clime? Dryden.

3. Htch in style or tenement; lofty; grand.—

Easy in stile thy work, in sense sublime.


4. Elevated by joy.—

All yet left of that revolted rout, Sublime with expectation. Milton. Their hearts were jocund and sublime. Milt, j. Lofty of mien j elevated in manner.—He was sublime, jfotton.

Hisfair large front and eye sublime declarM Absolute ruie. Milton. 1*0 * Sublime, n.f. The grand or lofty stile.

The sublime is a Gallicism, but now* naturalli*. ed.—

Longinus strengthens all his laws, And is himfcif the great sublime he draw*. Pope. —The sublime ris-s from the noblentss of thoughts, the magnificence of the words, or the harmonious and lively turn r.f the phrase; the perfect sublime arises from al! three together. Addison.

la.) Sublime, or Sublimity. See OratoRy, Part III. Sea. VII: and Simplicity, J ».

(1.) * To Sublime, v. a. [sublimer, Fr. from the adjective.] 1. To raise by a chemical fire.— Write our annals, and in them lessons be To all, whom love's subliming tire inva.'es.

a. To raise on h-ch.—

Nor can thy bead, not helpt, itselfsublime.


3. To exalt; to heighten; to improve.—

Man's nourishment, by gradual scale fublim'd To vital spirits aspire. Mi/ton. —The corporeal machine, even in the most sublimed intellectuals, is dangerously influential. Glanville.—An being strengthened by the knowledge of things, may pass into nature by flow degrees, and so be Jublimed into a pure genius. Drydrn.

Meanly they seek the blessing to confine. Which not alone the southern wit sublimely But ripens spirits in cold northern enmes. Pope. (*.) * To Sublime, V. n. To rise in the chemical veUel by the force ot fire.—The particles of sal ammonlark in sublimation carry up the particles of antimony, which will not sublime alone. Ne-wton.—This lajt is fixed in a gentle sire, and sublimes in a great one. Arbuthnot.

• SUBLIMEL7. adv. [hornsublime.] Loftily; grandly.—

In Englifli lays, and all sublimely great, . Thy Homer charms wiLh all hi* ancient heat.


Fustian's so sublimely bad;
It is not poetrv, but prose run marl. Pope.

* SUBLIMENESS.n./. [fuldimitas, Lat.] The fame as soblimitv.

(l.) • SUBLIMITY, n.f. [from sublime ; fuUU mite, Fr. fublimitas, Lat.] 1. Height of piace; local elevation, a. Height of nature; excellence. —We esteem it according to that height of excellency which our hearts conceive, when tliviue sublimity itself is rightly considered. Hooker.—In respect of God's incomprehensible sublimity and purity, this is also true, that God is neither a mind nor a spirit like other sp rits. Raleigh. 3. Loftiness of style or sentiment.—Milton's distinguishing excellence lies in the sublimity of his thoughts. Addison.

(*.) Sublimity, in Stile. See Language, Se3. VI—VIII.; Oratory, Part 111. StU. VII. and Simplicity, ; 1.

(1.) • SUBLINGUAL. adj. \fublingual, Fr.( sub and lingua, Lat.] P.aced under the tongue.— Those subliming humours should be intercepted, before they mount to the head, by fublingual pills. Harvey.

(a.) Sublingual Artery, ? See Anatomy, (5.) Sublingual Gl\nds, j Index.



adj. [fublunnire, Fr. sub and/una, Latin ] Situated beneath the moon; earthly; terrestrial j of this world.— ,

Dull sublunary lovers! Donne. Night measiir'd, with her shadowy cone, Hair" way up hill this vast sublunar vault. Milt.

These discov'ries make us all confess
That sublunary science U but fruess. Denham.
—-Ail things sublunary are subject to change.

Ovid had warn'd her to beware
Of strolling god», whose usual trade is,
Under pretence of taking air,
To pick up sublunary ladies. Swift.

The fair philosopher to Rowley flie9,
Where in a box the whole creation iicS;
She fees the planets in their turn's advance;
And scorns, Poitier, this sublunary dance.


- * SUBMARINE, adj. [sub and mare, Latin.] Lyine or acting under the sea.—Th;s contrivance may seem difficult, because these submarine navigators will want winds and tides for motion, and tVie sight of the heavens for direction. Wilkins— Not only the herbaceous and woody submarine plants, but a'so the lithophyta, affect this manner of growing. Ritr

'* To SUBMERGE, v. a. \_submrrger, Fr. submerge, hit.) To drown; to put under water.—

So half my Ejypt was submerged. Sbak. » SUBMERSION, n. / [submersion, Fr. from submenus, Latin.] The *ct of drowning ; state of being drowned.—The great Atlantick island is mentioned in Plato's TimsiH, almost contiguous to the western parts of Spain and Africa, yet wholly swallowed up by that ocean; which, if tme, might afford a pallagc from Africa to America by land hef'-re that submersion. Hale.

(l.) • To SUBM1N1STER. v. n. [subminislro, Latin.] To subs-rve.—Passion?, as fire and water, arc good servants, but bad masters, and sub

minister to the best and worst purposes. L'EJlr.

'■(».) • To St'BMINISTER.? V. a. Tofuppb .

To Si'bministrate. \ to afford. A word not much in use.—Even the inftriour animals have submini/lred urto man the invention of many things. Hale.—Nothing s ubminiftrates apter matter ta be converted into pestilent seminaries, than itcamb of nasty foiks. Hdrvty.

Submin Istratios, si./. [from jubminisirate] The act of supplying. A/h. * SUBMISS. adj. [sro"m submisfus, Lat.] Humble; submissive; obsequious—King Jarre*, mollified by the bishop's submiss and eloquent ietters, wrote back, that he should not be fully satisfied except he soake with him. Baton.

N carer his presence, Adam, though not Bw'd, Yet withsubvuj's approach, and rrv'rence meek, As to a superior nature, bowed low. Milton.

In adoration at his feet 1 fed Submiss: he rear'd me. Milton. • (i.) * SUBMISSION, n s. [soumtssion, French; from submijpt', Latin.] i. Delivery of himself to the power of another.—

Submission, Dauphin 1 'tis a mere French woid, Vol. XXI. P.vrt II.

We English warriors wot not what it trifaru,


1. Acknowledgment of inferiority or dependence; humble or suppliant behaviour.— In all submission and humility, York doth present himself. Sbak. Great prince, by that submission you'll gain more

Than e'er your haughty courage won. Halifax. j. Acknowledgment of a fault-; confession of crrour.—Be not as extreme in submission, as in offence. Shak. 4. Obsequiousness; resignation ; obed'ence.—No duty in religion is more justly re> quired by God Almightyi than a perfect submission to his will. Temple.

(l.) Submission, in Scots law. See Law, Part IV. Chap. III. Sea. III. § ze.

• SUBMISSIVE, adj. [submissus, Lat.] Humble; testifying submission or inferiority.—

On what submissive message art thou sent?


Her at his feet submissive in distress
He thus with peaceful words uprais'd. Milton.
With a submissive step 1 hasted down. Prior,

• SUBMISSIVELY, adv. [frqm submissive.] Humbly; With confession of inferiority.—

The goddess,
Soft in her tone, submissiveli replies. Dryden.

But speech ev'n there submissively withdraw*
From rights of subjects. Pope,

• SUBMISSIVENESS. n. s. [from submissive.] Humility; confessi/m of fault, or inferiority.—

Frai.ty gets pardon by submijsivenejs. Herbert.

• SUBM1SSLY. adv. [from submift.\ Humbly; with lubmission.—Humility consists, not in wearing mean cloaths, and going softiy tnd submijsly, but in a mean opinion of thyself. Taylor.

(i.) * 7V SUBMIT, v. a. [soumettre, Fr. tub. mitto, Latin.] i. To let down; to link.— Sometimes the hill submits itself a whiie In small descents. Dryden.

Neptune stood,
With all his hosts of waters at command,
Beneath them to submit tb' officious flood.


i. To subject; to resign without resistance to authority.—Return to thy mistress, and s<ibm;t thyfcif. Gen. xvi. 9.—'Christian people submit themselves. H'bite.

Will ye submit your neck? Milton. 3. To leave to discretion; to refer to judgment. -•Whether the condition of the ciergy be abie ti> brar a heavy burden, is submitted to the house. Swift.

(%.) * To Submit, is. n. To be subject; toacquiesce in the authority of another; to yield. T" thy husband's will

Thin- (hall submit. Milton. —Our religion requires from us, not only to forego pleasure, but to submit to pain, disgrace, and even death. Rogers.

SUBMONTORIUM, an ancient town of G.-rmtny, in Vindelicia; now calleel AuOsB'JR^.

(r.) * SUBMULTIPI.E. n. ft A submultifb number or quantity is that which is contained in another nu;nber, a certain number of times exactly: thu* 3 is sub multiple of at, a' being contained in it seven times t xicty. Hans.

U u u (».) Su J

(j.) Submultiple, in geometry, &c. coincides aud elegant.—If I have suiordituted picture ati-f

with an aliquot part. scu.pnsre to architecture as their mistress, so there

(3.) Submultiple Ratio is that between the are other inferior art* subordinate to them. H'otton.;

quantity contained and .the quantity containing. * SUBORD1NATELY. adv. llrom jubordi.

Thus the ratio of 3 to 11 h submultiple. In both nate.] In a series repuiarly dtfcendine.—li being

cafes submultiple is the reverse of mulitipie: 21, the highest step of ill, to which all otheiBsubordi being a rr.u'tiple of 3, and the ratio of 11 stately tend, one would think if could be capable

to 3 a multiple ratio. of no improvement. Dreay of Pirty.

(i.j Sub-muriat, »./ a weak Kviut. * SUBORDINATION, n s. [subordination, Fr.

(a.) Sub-muriat OF Quicksilver. See Phar- from subordinate.] 1. The state of being inferior

Macy. Index. to another.—>

Subnascent, adj. [yiii and nascar, Lat. to he Nor can a council national decide,

bom.] Growingorlpringingoutundcranothtr. Ash. But with subordination to her guide. Drpten.

Svbnervark, v. a. in old records, to ham- %. A series regularly descending.—The natural

string. Asb. creatures having a localsubordination, the rational

To Subnerxate, v. a. [from sub and nervtti, having a ooliticak, and sometimes a sacred. Holy

Lat.« nerve.) To hamstring; to cut the sinews. Ash, day. y. Place of rank.—If we would suppose *

(1.) Subnor Mal. adj. [sub and norma, Latin, ministry, where every (ingle person was of distin

a rule.] Belonging to that point in the axis of 4 guiflied piety, and all great officers of state ani

curvilinear space, which is intersected by a per- law diligent in choosing persons,, who- in their fe

pendicular to a tangent drawn from any givtn veral subordination* woald be obliged to/follow

point in the curve. the examples of their superiors, the emuirc of ir

(».) Subnormal, n.s the perpendicular to the religion would he soon.destroyed. Sivist.

tangent of a curve intercepting the axis. * To. SUBORN, v. a. [suborner, Fr. subo'no,'

* SUBOCTAVK. 7 adj. \ sub and eftavuj, Latin.] x. To procure privately; to procure by

* SUBOCTUPLE.) and oSufile.] Containing secret collusion.—His judges wtre the seif-same one part of eight.—As one of these under pulleys men by his accusers were suborned. Hooter. abates half of that heaviness of the weight, ai«l Thou artsubaru"d against bit honour causes the power to be in a subduple proportion, In hatelui practice. SI**. so two of them abate half of that which remains,. Reason may meet

and cause a subquadruple proportion, three a sub- Some specious o!-.jrctr by the foe suborn d; sextuple, four a suboliupk. H'ilkins.—Had they And fall into detrptiott. Milton. erected the cuhe of a foot for Llieir principal con- Tearssuborn'd fall dropping from bil rye*. cave, and geometrically taken its subcflame, the Prior, rorgius, from the cube of half a foot, they would ». To procure by indirect means.—• have divided the congius into eight parts, each of Thole who by despair suborntheir death, which would have been regularly the cube cf 1 sirydro, quarter foot, their wel,-known palm : this is the (r.) * SUBORNATION, n./.[subornation, Fr. course taken for our gallon which has the pint tbr from subern.] The crime of procuring any to-da itssuboffave. ArbutbnoL. a bad action.—Thomas carl ot Desmond was,

* SUBORDINACY. ~) n.s. [fromsubordinate.] through false subornation of the queen of Edward

* SOBORDINANCY. ) Stxbo'dinary is the pro- IV. brought to his death at Tred.igh most unjuftper and analogical word. 1. The state of being ly. Spenler.

subject.—Pursuing the imagination through all its For hi« fake wear the. detested blot extravagancies, is no improper method of bring- Of mnrdVous subornation. Shut. ing it to act in subordinacy to reason. Spe£l. 1. Series —The fear of pir.iiihment in this life will pref-rve of subordination.—Tbesabordinancy of the govern- men from few vices since some of the blackest rnent changing hands so often, makes an unsteadi- often prove the surest steps to savour; such at ness in the pursuit of publick intt rests. Temple. ingratitude, hypocrisy, treachery, and subornation.

SUBORDINARIES. See Heraldry, Clap. Swift. HI. Se(f. II. (».) Subornation, in English law, a secret,

* SUBORDINATE, adj. [sub and crd'matitt, underhand, preparing, instructing, or bringing in Latin.] Inferiour in order; in natuie ; in dignity a false witness; and from hence subornation 0/ ptror power.—It was subordinate, not enslaved to the jury is the preparing or corrupt alluring to perunderstanding. South-—Whether dark presages of jury. The punishment for the crime was formershe night proceed from any latent power of the ly death, then banishment cr cutting out the foul, or from any operation of subordinate spirits, tongue, afterwards forfeiture of goods; and it ithas been a dispute. Addison. a. Descending in a now a fine and impiispoment, and never more to regular series.—The two armies were assigned to be received as evidence. The statute 2. Ceo. If. the leading of two generals, rather ccurtiers than c. %$. fui/eradded a power for the court to order martial men, yet assisted with subordinate com- the offender to. be sent to the house of correction mander&of great experience. Bacon.— for a term not txct.eJir:g seven years., or be transits next subordinate ported for the fame period.

Awak'ning, thus to him in secret spake. Milt. (3.) Su Born Ai Ion, in Scottish Law. See Law, —The several kinds and subordinate species of each Part III. Chap. III. ScB. IV. § 35. arc easily diftinguillied. Woodward. "SUBORNER. »./ [suborneur, Fr. from fit

* To Subordinatf. v. a. \si b and ordino, Lat.J born.] Oue that procure* a bad action to be To rai ge under another. Not in use, but picjitr douc.


STTBOTA, *n island on the £. of Athos. T.i<i:44.

(i.) " SUBPOF.NA. n.s. {sub and pay a. Lat.] A writ commanding attendance in a conrt undtr a penalty.

(1.) Svxroz^i, in law, is a writ whereby commi.n person* arc .called into chancery, in such cases where the common law l.ath provided no ordinary remedy; and the name of it proceeds from the words therein, wh-ich -charge the parry ca.led to appear at the day and place affigne^, sub pana centum 1'rbrarnm, Sec. The suh[.g:na is the leading process in the court of equity; ani by statate, whfii a bill is filed against any person, prociU of subpœna Ihaii be taken out to oblige she defendant to appear and answer the till, &c.


process to bring in witnesses to give their testimony. If a witnesii on being served with this process not appear, the Iccarrt will issue an attachment against him; or a party, plaintiff or defendant, injured by his non-attendance, may maintain an aclim against the witnes-". See BlockJi'ynes Comment Hhts, Vol. 111. p. 3C.9.

(4.) Sl'bpoena Is Equity, a process in equity, calling on a defendant to appear and answer to the complainant's "bill. "See statute ?tb Ceo. II. c. 25. which euacts that where the par'y caainot be found to be.sci ved with a subpœna^ and absconds (a3 is beheved)to avoid being served, aday shall be appointed him to appear to the bill of *he plaintiff; which is to be inscrttd in the London Gazette, read in the parish church where the defendant list lived, and fixed up at the Royal Exchange- and if the defendant doth not appear upon that day, the bill shall be taken pro conscjsp.

SUBQUADRUPLE. adj. [sub and quadruples Containing one part of four'.—As one of these under pulleys abates half of that heaviness the weiplit bath in itself, aid causes the power to be in a subdup e proportion unto it, so two of them abate half of that which remains, and .cause a Jubquadruple proportion. ffiik'sni.

SUBQOINTUFLE. adj. [fab and ytintuple,] Containing the one part of five.—If unto the lower pulley there were added another, then the power would be unto the weight in a subqnintuple proportion. IVilkins.

• SUBRECTOR. n.s. [sub and re8°r.] The rector'-; vicegerent.—He was chosen subreHor of the college.

• SUBREPTION, n. s. {subreption, Fr. subreptus, Lat.] The act of obtaining a favour by surprise or unfair representation. DM.

SUBREPT1TJOUS. adj. [surreptice, French; furrrptitiiu, Latin.] Fraudulently obtained frem a 'superior, by concealing some truth, which would 'have prevented the grant. Bailey.

SUBRIGUOUS, adj. Ifromsub and rigo, Latin, to <water.] Moist, or wet underneath. Bailey.

To SUBROGATE. n>. a. [subrogo, Lat.] See Surrogate.

SUBROGATION, or Surroqation, n.s. in the civil law, the act of substituting a person, in the place, and entitling him to the rights of another. In its general fense, subrogation implies a succession of any kind, whether of a person to a person, or of a person to a thing.

There are two kinds of subrogation: the one conventional, the other legal. Conventional subrogation Is a contract whereby a creditor transf'.-rs hi* debt, with all appurtenance* thereof, to the profit of a third perion. Legal subrogation 43 that which the law makes in favour of a person who discharges .in antecedent creditor; in which case there ii a leeal translation of all rights of the weient creditor to the person of the new one.

SUBROTUNDOUS, adj. in botany, [sub, and rotundui. L«tii!, round.} Approaching to roundness, yfsh.

SUBSCAPULAR1S. See Anatomy, § an, N° 6.

'(t.) *To SUBSCRIBE. v- a. [su'erirx, French; subscribo, Latin.1 1.T0 give consent to, by underwriting the nam-.—They united hysubscribing a covenant, which they pretended to be no other than had been subscribed in the reign of K. James, and that his Majesty himself had subscribed n. Clarendon.—The reader sees the names of those person* by whom this -letter is lubscribed. AdJison. ». To attest by writing the name.—Thtir particular testimony ought to be bettir credited, than some other subscribed with an hundred hands. Whitgifi. 3. To submit. Not u<ed.—

The king gone to-night! subsetib'd his ppw'r! Corifirr'd to exhibition! a'! is cone. Sbak. (i-)*T-o S.u« Scribe, r. n. r. To give consent.— Ofius, with whole hand the Niccre creed was set down, and framed for the whole Christian world to subscribe unto, so far yielded in theend, as even with the fame hand to ratify the Asian* confes4ion. Hooker.

We will all subscribe to thy advice. Sbgb.
Thou ihouid'tt have said, Go porter, turn
the key,

AU cruels else stJucrib'd. . Shak.
So spake much humbled Eve; but fate

Suitcrrb'd not; nature first gave sign", fjilfon ». To promise a stipulated su.-n for the promotion of any undertaking-.

f SUBSCRIBER, n.s. [from subscripts. Lat.] 1. One who subscribes, s. One who contributes to any undertaking.—Every one of the party who can spare a shiring shall be a subscriber. S<tvifi.

(1.) * SUBSCRIPTION. «.'/. [from subscriptio. Lat.] 1. Any thing underwritten.—The man alked, Are ye Christians? We answered we were; fearing the less because of the cross we had seen in tlit subscription. Bacon, a. Consent or attestation given by underwriting the name. 3. The act or state of contributing to any undertaking.—

Stocks and subscriptions pour on eAy fide.


South-sea subscriptions take who please, Leave me but liberty. Pope. 4. Submilsion; obedience. Not in use.—

You owe me 110 subscription. Sbak. (a.) Subscription, in general, signifies the signature put at the bottom of a letter, writing, or instrument. In commtrce, it is used for the share or interest which particular persons take in a public stock or a trading c»mpany, by writing their name;, and the (hares thty rtquire in the books or register thereof.

(3.) Subscription, to articles of faith, is reis u u a quired

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