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His memory was astonishing, he could repeat the of universal ideas, which may either be considered whole of his voluminous works by heart. His as a genus or species, is cailed subalterns. Watise writings fill 23 folio volumes, mostly on theologi. * SUBALTERNATE. adj. (ubalternus, Lat.) cal and moral subjects. His Treatise of Laws has Succeeding by turns. Die been reprinted in this country. His Defence of the * SUBASTRINGENT. adj. (lub and astrinCatbelic Faitb against the Errors of England was gent. Aftringent in a small degree. written at the request of pope Paul V. This SUBATRII, an ancient nation of Germany, book was publicly burnt at London by order of whem Drufus defeated, and triumphed oyer. jare I.

Strabo, 7. SUASA, an ancient town of Umbria.

* SUBBEADLE. n. l. fub and beadle.) Anun. * SUASIBLE. adj. (from suadeo, Lat.) Easy to der beadle. - They ought not to execute thote be persuaded.

precepts by simple messengers, or subbeadles. Ayl. *SUASIVE. adj. [from suadeo, Lat.) Having SUBBIACO, a town of Italy, in the Campagna power to persuade. It had the passions in perfect of Rome, on the Teveron ; 33 miles E. of Rome. fubjection : though its coinmand over them was * SUBCELESTIAL. adj. (lub and celestial.) but fuajve. South.

Piaced beneath the heavens-The most refined * SUASORY. adj. (fuaforius, Lat.)' Having'ten- glories of subcelestial excellencies are but mere dency to persuade.

faint refemblances of these. Glanville. : SUAVITY. n. f. (fuavité, Fr. fuavitas, Lat.) * SUBCHANTER. ». f. [fub and chanter ; fucI. Sweetness to the senses.-She defired them for centor, Latin.) The deputy of the precentor in a rarity, pulchritude, and fuavity. Brown. 2. Sweet. cathedral. his to the mind.

(1.) * SUBCLAVIAN. adj. [fub and clavus, (r.)* SUB, in compofition, signifies a subordi. Latin.) Subclavian is applied to any thing under bate degree.

the arm-pit or shoulder, whether artery, nerve, (2.) SUB, (Lat. under.] in modern chemistry. vein, or muscle. Quincy.-The liver, though seated Sce SALT, 21.

on the right fide, yet, by the fubclavian division, SUBACETITE OF COPPER. See PHARMACY, doth equi-diftantly communicate its activity into Index.

either arm. Brown.The chyle first mixeth with SUBACID. adj. (lub and acidus, Lat.) Sour the blood in the fubclavian vein. Arbuthnot. in a small degree. --The juice of the ttem is like (2.) SUBCLAVIAN ARTERIES. Sce ANATOMY, the chyle in the animal body, and is commonly Index. fubacid in all plants. Arbuthnot.

SUBCLAVIUS. See ANATOMY, Ś 207. * SUBACRID. adj. (fub and acrid. Sharp * SUBCONSTELLATION. n. lub and con. and pungent in a smali degree.-The green choler stellation.] A subordinate or secondary confteilaof a cow tafted sweet, bitter, subacrid, or a little tion.-As to the picture of the seven stars, if there. pungent. Floyer.

by be meant the Pleiades, or subconstellation upon * To SUBACT: v.a. ( fubatus, Lat.) To re. the back of Taurus, with what congruity they duce ; to subdue.-Tangible bodies have no plea. are described in a clear right an ordinary eye may fure in the confort of air, but endeavour to suba&t discover. Brown. it into a more denfe body. Bacon.

* SUBCONTRACTED. part. adj. lub and * SUBACTION. n. f. [suba&tus, Lat.] The contracted.] Contracted after a former contract.-act of reducing to any ftate, as of mixing two I bar it in the interest of my wife ; bodies completely, or beating any thing to a very 'Tis the is subcontracted to this lord. Shak. Imall powder.-There are of concoction two peo (1.) * SUBCONTRARY, adj. (lub, and contrariods: the one affimilation, or abfolute conver- ty. Contrary in an inferiour degree.-If two parhon and suba&tion; the other maturation. Bacon. ticular propofitions differ in quality, they are sub

SUBAH, n. f. the general name of the viceroy. contraries : as, fome vine is a tree; some vine is hips, or greater governments, into which the Mo- not a tree. Watts. gul empire was divided, confifting of several pro. (2.) SUBCONTRARY POSITION, in geometry, is vinces.

. when two equiangular triangles are so placed, as. SUBAHDAR, n. f. the viceroy, lord lieutenant, to have one common angle at the vertex, and yet of governor holding a subah; the same as nabob their bases not parallel'; confequently the angles dr nazim. Allo the black commander of a com- at the bales are equal, but on the contrary fides. pany of Seapoys.

* SUBCUTANEOUS. adj. (lub and cutaneous.] SUBAHDAREE, or 7 n. S. the jurisdiction of Lving under the skin.

SUBAHSHIP, lubabdar; the fame (1.)* SUBDEACON. 1. f. fubdeaconus, Lat.) with nizamut.

In the Romish church they have a fubdeacan, who * SUBALTERN. adj. (subalterne, Fr.) Inferi. is the deacon's fervant. Ayliffe. our ; subordinate; that which in different re- (2.) SUB.DEACON, an inferior minister, who an. fpects is borb superiour and inferiour. It is used ciently attended the altar, prepared the sacred vel. of all officers below a capiain.-

fels, delivered them to the deacons in time of diLove's fubalterns, a duteous band,

vine service, attended the doors of the church duLike watchmen round their chief appear. Prior. ring communion service, went on the bishop's -There had like to have been a duel between emballies with his letters or mesages to foreign two subalteros. Addison.-One, while a subaltern churches, and was invested with the first of the officer, was every day, complaining against the holy orders. They were so fubordinate to the pride of colonels towards their officers. This sort superior rulers of the church, that, by a canon of



the council of Laodicea, they were forbidden to which this author findi by invertion between the hit in the presence of a deacon without his leave. minor mode of the fubdominant and the major According to the canont, a pation must be, 22 mode of the fonic. 'Şee DOMINANT, II, 1, 2; years of age to he proposed to the crder of sub. and Music, Part I, 423 deacon. See DEACON, $ 3.

* TO SUBDUCE. > via. fubduco, fubductus, Lat.) * SUBDEAN. ni Dubdecanus, Lat.) The pice. * T SUBDUCT.31. To withdraw to take gerent of a dean. Whenever the dean and chaps away.-' ter confirm any act, the dean inuft join in perfon', ' Or vature faii'd in me, and left fome part and not in the perfun of a deputy or subdean oniy. Not proof enough such objekt tó luftain;

Or from my fide fubducing, took perbaps * SUBDECUPLE. adj. lub and decuplus, Lat.] More than enough.. : ! Milton. Containing one part of ten.

2. To subtract by arithmetical operation.-If oui SUBDELEGATE, (from the verb.) adj. and n. f. of that suppoitd infinite multitude of antecedent Appointed to act under another; or one who is generations we jhould fubducé ten, the refitue 1o. Am.

inift be less by ten than it was before, and yet TO SUBDELEGATE, V. m. (from suo and delego, fill the quotient rust be infinite, Hale.ins Lat. to allign.) To appolat to act under one's self, '* ŞUBDUCTION. n. f. [from fubdu&.] 1. The or another. Ath.

ad of taking away.-They were kept in a state of SUBDELEGATION, 1. f. from fubdelegate.] immortality till ihat moment of ibe fubduction, Appointment to act onder another. Ah.

Hale. 2. Arithmetical progreslion.--Take the Q* SUBDERISORIOUS. adj. lub and deri; or.ther operation of arithmetick, fubduðion: if out Scoffing or ridiculing with tenderness and delica. of that supposed infinite multitude of antecedent cy. Not used.--This subderiforious mirth is far generations we thould subduct ten, the residue from giving any offence to us. More.

must be lefs by ten than it was before that subdisc. * SUBDITITIOUS. adj. (subdititius, Latir.] tion. Hale. Put fecretly in the place of something else. . * TO SUBDUE. v. a. (from subdo, or subjugo, '* TO SUBDIVERSIFY.via. [ fub and dive'fi- Latin.] 1. To cruth; to oppress; to fink; to os 6.) To diverlify again what is aiready diverfi. verpower. ed. The same wool one man felts into a hat, a.. Nothing could have fubdu'd nature nother weaves it into cloth; and these variousy To such a luwuess, but his unkind daughters, fubdiverfified according to the fancy of the arti.

Shak. ficer. Hale.

-Them that rose up against me, hait thou subdued * TO SUBDIVIDE. v. a. (fishdiviser, French; under me. 2 Sam. xx. 40.fub and divide. To divide a part inito yet more If aught were worthy to subdue parts. If you tubdivide that into haif notcs, as in The foul of man.

Milton, the Atops of a lut, it maketh the number thiricon. 2. To conquer; to reduce under a new dominiin, Bacon. When Brutus and Cailius were over. --Be fruitful, and replenish the carth, and fubdie thrown, foon after Antonius and Octavianus if. Gen. i, 28.- Augustus Caesar subdued Egypt, brake and fibdivided. Bacon.

Peacbam. The glad father glories in his child,

To overcome in battle, and subdue . When he can subdivide a fraction. Roscommon, Nations, and bring home spoiis. Milton --When the progenies of Cham and Japhet swară. -The Romans made those times the standard of ed into colonies, and those colonies were subdivi. their wit, when they jubdued the world. Spratt. ded into many others, in time their descendants 3, To tame; to subact; to break.Toft the primitive rites of divine woimip. Dryden. Nor is't unwhorelome to subdue the land. Mas,

SUBDIVINE. adj. lub and divine.) Divine in * SUBDUEMENT. n. . (from subduel Cona subordinate degree. Alb. .

quest. A word not used, not worthy to be used, * SUBDIVISION. n. l. (subdivifon, Fr. from · As hot as Perfeus, spur thy Phrvgian Ateed, Subdivide.) ;. The act of subdividing.-When a Bravely despising forfeita and fubduements. Sbak, ny of the parts of any idea are farther divided, in *.SUBDUER. n. }. [from subdue.j Conquerour; order to a clear explication of the whole, this is tamer.- . called a subdivision. Watts. 2. The parts diftina Victor of gods, ful duer of mankind. Spenser, guished by a second divifion. -How can we see

i : Thcir curious eye such a multitude of souls caft under so many fun. Discerns their great subduer's awful mein, divisions of misery, without reflecting on the ab. And corresponding features fair, Pbilips: surdity of a government that facrifices the happi. -Figs are great subduers of acrimony. Arbutbrot. ness of so many reasonable beings to the glory of (1.) * SUBDUPLE. SUBDUPLICATE. adj. lube one? Addison.-In the decimal table the subdivi- disple, Fr. fub and duplus, Latin.) Containiog oue

ons of the cubit, as span, palin, and digit, are part of two. As one of thele under pulleys doth deduced from the shorter cubit. Arbuthnot. . abate balf of that heaviness which the weight bath

* SUBDOLOUS, adj. (/ubdolus, Latin.) Cun. in itself, and cause the power to be in a subduple ning ; subtle': fw. -


proportion unto it, so two of them do abate half SUBDOMINANT. 1. f, in musis, a name gi. of that which remains. Wilkins. The motion, geven by M. Rameau to the fourth note of the tone, Derated by the forces in the whole passage of the which of coniequence is the same interval hom body or thing through that space, Thall be in a the tonic when descending as the dominant in ri. fub dupliante proportion of the forces. Newton. ngThis denomination äriles from the allinisy (2.) SUEDUPLE RAT!0, is when any number or


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quantity is contained in another twice. Thus 3 blues. It is very foluble in water. Caloric melts is said to be subduple of 6, as 6 is dupie of 3. Sce it, and at last volatilizes the acid. It is decompoRATIo.

fed by moft of the metallic falts, and by sulphat (1.) SUBDUPLICATE. See SUBDUPLE, s 1. of alumiva, ır.uriat of alumina and of time; ni- .

(2.) SUBDUPLICATE RATIO of any two quanti. trat of alumina and of lime; and phosphat of alu. ties, is the ratio of their quare roots.

mina." SUBER, the CORK-TREE. See QUERCUS, 01, 7. “ SUBERAT OF SODA does not crystallize. No 14.

It reddens the tincture of turnfole. Its taste is SUBERAS, Yn. f. [from fuber, the cork tree.) Nightly bitter. It is very foluble in water and in

SUBERAT, SA alt formed by the combination aic hol. It attracts moisture from the air, Caleof the SUBERIC Acid, or Acid of Cork, with dif. ric produces the same effc et on it, that it does on ferent bales. “ These falts,” (says Dr Thomson, fubirat of potass. (N° 6.) It is decomposed by in his Syfta of Chem, vol. iii. p. 434.) “ have been the calcareous, aluminous and magnesian falts." described with a good deal of detail, by Bouil. (1.) SUBERIC, adj. (from Suber, Lat. the cork LON LA GRANGE. They have in general a bitter tree, Of or belonging to cork, or the cork free; taste, and are decomposed by heat." The Dr de- consisting of the essence of cork. (cr:bes 7 species; viz.

(2.) SUBERIC ACID, or the acid of Cork, one of 1. “ SUBERAT OF ALUMINA. This falt does the many new acids recently discovered by the in- • not crystallize. When its solution is evaporated genuity of modern chemists. “ CORK," (fays the by a moderate heat in a wide veffel, the falt ob- ingenious Dr Thomson, in his System of Chem. i. tained is of a ye low colour, transparent, having 140.) “ a substance too well known to require any. a ftyptic taste, and leaving an impreffion of bitter. description, is the bark of a tree, which bears the nt is on the tongue. When too much heat is em. same name. By means of nitric acid, BRUGNAployed it' meits and blackene. It reddens the TALLI converted it into an acid, which has been tincture of turnsole, and attracts moisture from called the Suberic Acid, from Suber." (See y s.) the air. B-fore the blow-pipe it swells up, the “ Several chemists affirmed that this acid was the acid is volatilized and decomposed, and nothing OXALIC, because it pofTefits several properties in remains but the alumina.”

common with it. These atlertions induced Bouii. 2. " SUBERÅT OF AMMOSIA cryftallizes in pa. lon La Grange to undertake a set of experiments Fallelopipeds. Its taste is faitish, and leaves au on suberic acid. These experiments, which have impreffion of bitterness. It reddens vegetable been published in the 230 vol. of the Annales de dives. It is very foluble in water. It attracts Chimie, completely establish the peculiar nature. moisture from the air. When placed upon burn- of suberic acid, by thewing that it poffeffes pro. ing coals, it l'ofes its water of crystallization, and pertica different from those of any other acid. SuTwelis up; and before the blow-pipe it evaporates beric acid may be formed by pouring 6 parts of entirely. It is decomposed by the aluminous and nitric acid of the specific gravity 1*261 on one magnesran falts."

part of cork grated down, or fimply broken down 3. “ SUBERAT OF BARYTES does not crystal. into small pieces, and diftilling the mixiure with lize. Heat makes it swell up and meits it. It is a gentle beat as long as red vapours continue to Searcely foluble in water except there be an excess escape. As the distillation advances, a yellow of acid. It is decomposed by most of the salts matter like wax appears on the surface of the liexcept the barytic falts, and the fluat of lime." quid. While the matter contained in the retort • 4. " SUBERAT OF LIME does not cryftallize. is hot, it is to be poured into a glass veffel, placed It is perfectly white: it has a faltin taste: it does upon a land-bath over a gentle fire, and constantly, not redden' the tin dure of turnsole. It is very spa. ftirred with a glass rod. By these means it beringly soluble in water except when hot; and as comes gradually thick. As Toon as white vapours, the solution cogis, 'most of the falt precipitates a. exciting a tickling in the throat, begin to disengain. When placed upon burning coals it swells gage themselves, the veffel is removed from the up, the acid is décomposed, and there remains bath, and the mass continually stirred til it is alonly the lime in the state of powder. It is de moft cold. By these means an orange-coloured composed by, . Muriat of alumina; 2. Carbonats mals is obtained of the congfence of honey, of a of potass and soda; 3. Fiyat of magnesia; 4. Phor. Atrong and tharp odour wbile hot, but having a pbats of alumina and fola; s. Borat of potafs; peculiar aromatic smell when cold. On this mais 6. All the metallic folutions."

twice its weight of boiling water is to be poured, s. “SUBERAT OF MAGNESIA is in tbe form of and heat applied till it becomes liquid; and the a powder: it reddeny the tincture of turnioie. It that part of it, which is insoluble in water, is to has a bitter taste; it is foluble in water, and at, be separated by filtration. The Gitered iquor bctracts some morfure when expoled to the air, comes muddy ; on cooling, it depofits a powders When heated, it swells up and melts: before the fedinient, and a thin pellicie forms on its surface. blow-pipe the acid is decomposed, and the mag. The sediment is to be fcparated by filtration, and nefia remains in a state of purity. It ir decompo. the liquor reduced to a dry mass by evaporating fud by 1. Muriat and phosphat of alumina; 2. Ni. in a gentle beat. This mals is SUBERIC ACID. It trats of lime and alumina ; 3. Burat of potats; is ftill a littie colcured, owing to some accidental 4. Fluat of foda."

mixture from which it may be purified, either by 6. “ SUBERAT OF POTASS ought to be formed saturating it with potats, and precipitating it by by means of crystallized carbonat of potass. It an acid, or by boiling it with charcoal powder. cryftallizes in prisms, baviog 4 uoequal fides. It Suberic acid thus obtained is not cryftallizable, bas a bitter faltilh lafte, and it reddeos vegetable but, wbes precipitated from potass by an acir, it assumes the form of a powder ; when obtained ordinary laws and magiftrates. Davies.-We muft by evaporation it forms thin irregular pellicles. understand and confefs a king to be a father; a Its taste is acid and Nightly bitter; and when dif- subject to be a fon; and therefore honour to be by solved in a small quantity of boiling water, it acts nature most due from the natural subject to the upon the throat, and excites coughing. It red- natural king. Holsday. The subject mait obey his dons vegetable blues; and when dropped into a prince. Swift.- . folution of indigo in fulphuric acid, (the liquid : Were subje&s fu but only by their choice, blue of this country,) it changes the colour of the And not from birth did forc'd dominion take, solution and renders it green. Water at 60° or e. Our prince alone would have the publick voice. ven yoo diffolves only one 57 6th part of its weight

Drsden. of suberic acid ; and if the acid be very pure, on- Heroick kings, whose high perfections have iy one 144th part : boiling water, on the contrary, made them awful to their subjects, can struggle disolves half its weight of it. When expored to with and subdue the corruption of the times. Da. the air it attracts moisture, especialiy if it be im. venant. 2. That on which any operation, either pure. When exposed to the light of day, it be- mental or material, is performed.comes at last brown; and this effect is produced Now spurs the lated traveller apace, much sooner by the direct rays of the sun. When To gain the timely inn, and near approaches heated in a matrass, the acid fublimes, and the The subje&t of our watch.

Sbak. inside of the glass is surrounded with zores of dif. This subje&t for heroick song pleas'd me. Milt. ferent colours. If the sublimation be stopped at - Nor are they too dry a subject for our coutem. the proper time, the acid is obtained on the fides plation. Decay of Piety.- I will not venture on to of the veftel in small points formed of concentric nice a subjeä, More.--Make choice of a subject circles. When exposed to the heat of the blow. beautiful and noble. Dryden.-The subjet of a pipe on a spoon of platinum, it firt melts, then propofition is that concerning which any thing is becomes pulverulent, and at last sublimes entirely, affirmed or denied. Watts.--My real design is, with a smell resembling that of SEBACIC Acid. It that of publishing your praises to the world ; not is not altered by oxygen gas; the other acids do upon the subject of your noble birth. Swift 3. not diffolve it completely. Alcohoi developes an That in which any thing inberes or exifts.-An aromatic odour, and an ether may be obtained by ger is certainly a kind of bafenels, as it appears means of this acid. It converts the blue colour well in the weakness of those subje&ts in whom it of nitrat of copper into a green; the lusiphat' of reigns. Bacon. 4. (In Grammar.] The nominacopper into a green; green fulphat of iron to a tive case to a verb is calied by grammarians the deep yellow; and sulphat of zinc to a golden yel. fubje& of the verb. Clarke. low. It has no action either on platinum, gold, (3.) SUBJECT is also used for the matter of an or nickel; but it oxidates filver, mercury, lead, art or science, or that which it confiders, or where. tin, iron, bismuth, arsenic, cobalt, zinc, antimo- on it is empioyed: thus the human body is the ny, manganese, and molybdenum. With alkalies, subject of medicine. earths, and metalic oxides, it forms compounds. *T SUBJECT. v. a. (subje&tus, Latin.] 1. To named Suberats." (See SUBERAT, N° 1-7.) put under." Its affinities are as follows: barytes, potass, Tom Th' angel led them direct, and down the cliff da, lime, ammonia, magnesia, alumina. . As faft to the subječted piain.

Miltox. SUBI, a river of Spain, in Catalonia. .

In one short view, fubje&ted to our eye, * SUBJACENT. adj. [ fubjacens, Lat.) Lying Gods, emp'rors, heroes, Tages, beauties lie. Pode. under.-The superficial parts of mountains are 2. To reduce to fubmiffion; to make subordinate ; washed by rains, and borne down upon the fubja. to make submissive. cent plains. Woodward.

Think not, young Warriors, your diminill's (1.) * SUBJECT. adj. (Rubje&tus, Lat.) 1. Pla- name, ced or situated under

.. Shall lose of lustre, by fubje&ting rage Th' eaftern tower,

: To the cool dictates of experienc'd age. Drid. Whose height commands, as fubje&, ali the vale 3. To enslave; to make obnoxious.To see the fight.

Shak. I live on bread like you, feel want like you, 2. Living under the dominion of another.- Erau Talte grief, need friends, like you:fubje&edthus, was never subje&t to Jacob. Locke.-Christ, fince How can you fay to me, I am a king? Sbak. his incarnation, has been fubje&t to the father. Wa I see thee, in that fatal hour, terland. 3. Exposed ; liable; obnoxious.

Subje&ted to the victor's cruel pow'r. Dryden. Most subjeë is the fatteft foil to weeds. Shak. -The blind will always be led by those that fat,

All human things are subject to decay. Dryd. and he is the most subjected, who is so in his un4. Being that on which any action operates, whe- derstanding. Locke. 4. To expose; to make liather intellectual or material.-I enter into the fubo bie.--If the vessels yieid, it fubje&is the person to jed matter of my discourse. Dryden.

all the inconveniencies of an erroneous circula(2.) * SUBJECT. n. f. sujet, Fr.] 1. One who tion. Arbuthnot. 5. To submit; to make aclives inder the dominion of another: opposed to countable.-- God is not bound to fubje& his ways governor.

of operation to the scrutiny of our thoughts. Locke. Every subject's duty is the king's,

6. To make subservient. But every subje&t's soul is his own. Sbak. He jubjected to man's service angel-wings. Milt. Never subje& long'd to be a king,

* SUBJECTION. 1. f. [from fubjeci.] 1. The As I do long and wish to be a fubje&. Sbak. act of subduing.--After the conqueft of the king. Those I cail subjects which are governed by the dom and subje&tion of the rebels, enquiry was made.

Hale. 2. (Soujettion, Fr.] The ftate of being un. tin; fubjon&if, Fr.) 1. Subjoined to something der government.--The subje&tion of the body to elle. 2. (In Grammar.)-The verb undergoes a the will is by natural neceflity; the subjection of different formation, to fignify the same intentions the will unto God voluntary. Hooker. How hard as the indicative, yet not absolutely but relatively it is now for him to frame himself to fubjetion. to some other verb, which is called the fubjunétive Spenser.

mood. Clarke. Both in fubje&ion now to sensual appetite. (2.) SUBJUNCTIVE, in Grammar, or SUBJUNC

Milton. TIVE Mood. See GRAMMAR, under ENGLISH * SUBJECTIVE. adj. (from fubje&.) Relating LANGUAGE, page 695 ; where Dr JOHNSON, from not to the object, but the subject. Certainty ac. fome cubim, that had ftruck him, gives it the two cording to the schools is diftinguished into objec. new titles of Potential and Conjun&tive; but all tive and subjective : objective is when the propo- such refined and multiplied diftinctions are unnefition is certainly true in itself; and fubjeive, cellary and burdensome to begioners; and instead when we are certain of the truth of it. Watts. of opening the gates of science wider, tend rather,

SUBINFEUDATION, n. f. (Sub, in and feud.) like a labyrinth, to bewilder the learner. In comin English law, was where the inferior lords, in mon language, the subjunctive mood is much neimitation of their superiors, began to carve out glected, both in speaking and in writing; efpeand grant to others minuter eftates than their own, cially in the ule of the fubftantive verb. In the to be held of themselves; and were fo proceed. beft modern writings, the expression, “ if there ing downwards in infinitum, tiil the superior lords is”-is often ufed instead of " if there be." Au. obferved, that by this method of subinfeudation thors of the 16th and 17th centuries were much they lost all their feodai profits, of wardfhips, more attentive to this distinction, than those of the marriages, and escheats, which fell into the bands present age. of these mefne or middle lords, who were the im. (1.) * SUBLAPSARIAN. SUBLAPSARY. adj. mediate superiors of the terre-tenant, or him who [sub and lapsus, Latin.) Done after the fall of occupied the land. This occafioned the stat. of man.-The decree of reprobation, according to Weftm. 3. or quia emptores, 18 Edw. I. to be the fublapjarian doctrine, being nothing else but a made ; which directs, that, upon all faies or feoff. mere preterition, or non-election of forne persons ments of lands, the feoffe ihall hold the same, not whom God icft as he found, involved in the guint of his immediate feoffer, but of the chief lord of of the first Adam's transgresiion, without any acthe fee of whom such feoffer himself held it. And tual personal fin of their own, when be withdrew hence it is beld, that all manors existing at this some otbers as guilty as they. Hammond. day must have exifted by immemorial prefcription; (2.) SUBLAPSARIANS, or INFRALAPSARIANS. or at leaft ever fince the 18 Edw. I. when the fa. See SUPRALAPSARIANS. tute of quia emptores was made.

SUBLAPSARY. See the last article. * SUBINGRESSION. n. f. [fub ant ingreffus, * SUBLATION. 1. f. fublatio, Lat.) The act Latin.] 'Secret entrance - The pressure of the of taking away. . ambient air is ftrengthened upon the accession of * SUBLEVATION: n... (sublevo, Lat.) The the air fucked out; which forceth the neighbour. act of railing on high. ing air to a violent subingression of its parts. Boyle. SUBLEYRAS, Peter, an eminent French pain

* TO SUBJOIN. v.a. ub and joinder, French; ter, born in Languedoc, in 1699. He excelled in subjungo, Latin.) To add at the end; to add history and portraits ; and was much patrouired afterwards.--He knew not that he was the high. by the king and nobility, as we!! as by foreigners. priett, and fubjoins a reason. South.

He painted a grand piece for Si Peter's church at * SUBITANEOUS. adj. [/ubitaneus, Latin. Rome; and died in 1749, aged so. Sudden; baity.

* SUBLIMABLE, adj. (trom Jublime.) PofliSUBITO, adv. in the Italian music, is used to ble to be fublimed. fignify that a thing is to be performed quickly and * SUBLIMABLENESS. n. (from fublimable.! hastily : thus we meet with volii fubito, turn over Quality of admitting sublimation. He obtained the leaf quickly.

another concrete as to taste and smeli, and easy * TO SUBJUGATE. 2. a. (Subjuguer, Fr. fub- fublimableness, as common sait armoniack. Boyle. jugo, Lat.) To conquer; to subdue; to bring (1.) * SUBLIMATE. adj. Raised by fire in under dominion by force.

the veisel.-The particles of mercury uniting with O fav’rite virgin, that haft warm'd the breast, the acid particies of spirit of fait compose mercuWhose lov’reign dictates fubjugate the eaft! ry sublimate. Newton.

Prior. (2.) * SUBLIMATE. n. . (from fublime. 1. A. - He subjugated a king, and called him his való ny thing raised by fire in the retort.--Enquire lal. Baker.

what meta's endure tubliming, and what body the * SUBJUGATION. n. (: (from ubjugate.) The fublimate makes. Bacon. 2. Quickfiiver raised in act of subduing. This was the condition of the the retort. learned part of the world, after their fubjugation (3.) SUBLIMATE, a chemical preparation, con. by the Turks. Hale. .

Gifting of quickfi ver united with the muriatic acid. * SUBJUNCTION. n. f. [from fubjungo, Lat.] See CHEMISTRY, $ 943; and PHARMACY, Index. The state of being subjoined; the act of subjoin. * To SUBLIMATE. v.a. (from fublime. 1. To ing.-The verb undergoes in Greek a different raire by the force of chemical fire. 2. To exalt; formation; and in dependence upon, or subjunction to heighten; to some other verb. Clarke.

Words, whose weight beft fuit a fublimated (1.) * SUBJUNCTIVE. adj. (ubjuntivus, La. itrain.



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