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Still-bottows, in the diliiilery, a name given Wood Norton, and Swanlo'n in Norfolk. He" by the traders to what remains in the stil! aster died in 1708.

working the wash into low wine*. These bottoms (3.) Stillincflekt, Benjamin, r-nly sen of are proem ed in the greatest quantity from the the preceding, was educated at Norwich lchooIr malt-wafh, and arc of so much value to the dis- which he left in 1710, with the character us an tiller in the fattening of hogs, &c. that he often excellent scholar. lie then went to Trinity Colrinds them one of t!:e most valuable aitioesot the lege in Cambrige, at the request of Dr Bo.rley, business. the master, who had been private tutor to his fa

* STILLIClDE. tt.s. \filliddum, Latin/] A thtr, domestic chaplain to his giaudfather, and succession of drops.—The Jlillicidei of water, if much indebted to the family. H'c«! he war a canthere be wafer enough to follow, wilt draw them- d;dHe f;>r a fellowships but was rejected by the selves into a small thread. Bacon* master's influence. Tins was a feveie and ui.cx

* STILLICIDIOUS. adj. [from JiilBeidt.] Fall- nested disappointment, and but little alleviated ing in drops.—Crystal is found in fume places by the Doctor's apology, that it was a pity that not un.ike th; stirious or Jl:lliiidious- dependencies a gentleman of Mr Sri'hrglleet's parts should of ice. Brown. be buried within the walls of a college. (See

* STILLING, n. f. [from JIM.} j. The act of Bentuv.) This ingratitude o*' Dr Bent'ey was stilii.ig. 2. A stand for cask . however not of a y real disf rvice to MrStilluig

(1.) STILLINGFLEET, Edward, bishop of fr-rt. By bring th. own upon the world, he formWorcester, wan the son of Samuel Stillingsleet, ed" many honomable and valuable connections. Gent, and w as born at Cranborn in Dorletlhire He dedicated some translations of Linnreus to the in 163.5. He was educated at St John's College, late lord Lyttleton, partly, he fays, from motives Cambridge; and having received orders, war, in of private r.-spect and honour. Lord Binin^ton 1657, presented to the rectory of Sutton in Not- gave him the place of the master of the barrack* tinghamfhire. By publishing his Orig'met Sacrx, at Kensington; a favour to which Mr Stillingone of the ablest de-fences of revealed religion that fleet, in the dedication of his Calendar of Flora to has ever been written, he l'ocn acquired such re- that nobleman, alludes with politeness and gratiputation, that he wap appointed preacher of the tude. Hii Calendar of Flora was Found at StrntRolls Chapel; an! in Jan. 1665 was presented to ton in Norfolk in 1755. at the hesp table seat of Uie rectory of St Andrews, Hoiborn. He wa? as- his worthy and ingenious friend Mr Maifliam, ter wards chosen lecturer at the Temple, and ap- who had made several observations of that kind, pointed chaplain in ordinary to king Charles II. and had communicated to the public his curious In 1668 he took the degree <>t" P. D. «r.d was observations on the growth of frees, flut' it wag sion after engaged in a dispute with those of the to Mr Wyndham of Fclbrig in Norfolk that be Romish religion, by pubhstung h'S Discourse con- appears to have had the greatest obligations: he anting the IJdat'y and Fanaticism of the Church travelled ahroad with him, spent much of hi time of Rome, which he afterwards defended agair.ft at hi° house, and was appointed one of his exeleveral antagonists. In 1680, he preached at cutorp, (Mr Garrick was another,) with a confiGuildhall chapel, a sermon on Fh 1. iii. 16. which derablc addition to an annuity which that gentlehe publislied under the title of The Mi'ebief of man had settled upon him in hii lifetime. Mr Separation; and this being immediately attacked Stiliirgfleet's genius seems to have led him prinby several writers, he in 1683, published his Un- cipaliy to the study of natural history; which reasonableness of Separation. In 1685 appeared he prosecuted as an ingenious phiiolophtr, an his Origiiui Britaimk*:, or the Antiquities of the useful ci'izeif, and a good man. In this waik of British Church, in foiio. During the reign of learning he mentions, a5 his friends, Dr Watson, king James II. he wrote several traces against po- Dr Solander, Mr Hudson, Mr Price of Foxley, ery, and was prolocutor of the convocation, as Mr Pennant, and some others. Mr Stilmip fleet e had likewise been under Charles II. Ar'ter the published a volume of misccllanecui* tract*, which Revolution he was advanced to the bishopric of is in much esteem, and does great honour to his Worcester, and wa. engaged in a dispute with head and heartt. They are chiefly translations of the Socinians, and aiso wish Mr Locke; in which f ime essays in the Atn.Tnitates ylaulen.icu, publast contest he is generally thought to have been billed by Linnæus, interspersed with s ine obserunsuccessful. He died at Westminster in 1699, vations and additions of his own. But llis Fjsuj and was interred in the cathedral of Worcester, on Canversathn, published in the first volume of where a monument was erected to his memory Dodflcy's Collection of Poems, entitles him to a. .j by his son. Dr Stibingfseet wrote several other distinguished rank among t ur Englifli poets. Here works, which, with the above, have been reprint- more than cixe Mr Stillin; fleet shows himse.f ed in 6 vols. folio. still soie for Dr Betnley's ciuel treatment of him;

(2.) Stillingfleft, Edward, son of the bi- and towards the beautiful an I moral close of it, shop, was fellow of St John's College in Cam- seems to hint at a mor tification of a more delicate bridge, F. R. S. M. D. and Greshan profess >r nature, which be had suffered from the other seres physic; but mairying in 1692, le lost his liu To these disappointment:; it was perhaps owing crative offires and his father's favour; a mi-for- that Mr StiliingHeet neither r.-arried noi went tune that ah'ccted both, himself arid hit posterity, into orders. His London residence was at a fat!However, going into orders, he obtained, by his dlcr's in Piccadilly; where he died in I77r, aged father's means, the living of Newir.gton-Butts, above 70, leavi-.ig several valuable papeis behind which he immediately exchanged for those of bLn.

STIL

STJLL1NGIA, in botany j a gerus of plants be ongr g to the class of monacia, and to the ord;r of mor.odelpkia. The male calyx is hemispherical an-J nniltiflorou-. The corolia is tubu)ouj, and erosc or gnawed. The female calyx is u-iisloroo> and inferior. Tbe corol.a is superior. Tie Itylc is tiitij, and the capsule three-grained 1 here is on>y one specie";.:

Stillihgia Sylvatlca.

* STILLIN'ESS. n. /. (from stills 1. Calm; q'iie>; filrtice; ficedum fiom noise.—

Soft Jiilhirjj an 1 the night Et'imc the touches' of sweet har mony. Sunk.

H jrnrj JiVlness firlt invades the ear, Aud in thdt Ji.cnce we the tempest fear. Bryd. —Vivcii, to heighten the horror of Æneas' passing by this co2lt, has prepared the reader by Caleb's funeral ai,d thestillness of the night. Dryd. — If a house be on hre, those at nest floor may rtVapr, by the stillness of tht weather. Sivift. a. Hibituil silence; taciturnity.—

The gravity and stillness of your youth, The world hath neted. Shak.

* STILXSTAND. n.f. \still and stand] Absence, of motion.—

The tide swelled up unto bis height,
Then makes astillstani. SUi.
STILL WATER, a township of New York in

Abany count),-containing 3009 citizens in 1795,

ard 6 z (l ives.

* STILLY, adv. [from still.] 1. Silently ; not loudly.—

The hum of either army/>://;s.unds. Sbak. 1. Calmiy; not tumuituously.

SriLL-VARp. See Stkrl-vard.

STII.O. a town of Naples in Calabria, 17 rn'iies NNE. of Girace.

STIl.OBATUM, in architecture, denotes the br>dy of the peJrstai of any column,

STILPO, a celebrated philosopher of Megara, who flourished in the re'gn of Ptoiemy Euergetes. In hie youth he had been addicted to licentious pleasures, from which he religiously refrained from the moment that he ranked himself among philosophers. When Ptolemy Soter, at the taking of Mi-gara, ottered him a large sum of money, an J requested that be would accompany him into Egypt, he accepted but a small part cf the offer, and retired to the island of Æ^ina, whence, on Piolemy's departure, he returned tv Megara. That city being again taken by Demetrius the sm of Antigonus, and the philosopher required to give au account of any effects w hich he had

things which cinnot he confounded by asserting the one to be die other: he argued farther, that goodness is an universal, and universals have no leal existence : consequently, lince nothing cannot be predicated of any thing, goodntss cannot be predicated cf man. Thus, whilst this subtile logician was, through h'S whoie argument, predicating one thing of anothrr, he denied that any one: thing could he the accident or predicate or another. It Stilpo was Lrious in this realoning; if he meant jr.y thing more than to expose the sophistry of the schools, he must be confessed to have been an eminent miistei of the ;<rt of wrangling; and it was not wlu41y without reason tiiat Glycera, a celebrated courtezan, when she was reproved by him as a corrupterot youth, replied, that the charge might be justly retorted upon himself, w>'0 'pent his time in filiing their heads with sophistical qu'bblrs and us. hss subtifties. In ethics he seems to have been a Stoic, and in religion he had a public and a private doctrin*, the former foi the multitude, and the latter for his friends. He admi;tcd the existence of a supreme divinity, hut had too much fense to reverence the Gienan superstitions.

STILTON, a town of England, in Hunting«Jotishir», -5 miles from London, SW. of Yaxlty, on the Roman highway Irom Castor to Huntingdon, called Erminestreet, form parts .of which, 111 this neighborhood, appear ftill paved with stone. This place is famous for cheese, which is called English Pai mt/an, and is brought to table fuli of mites or maggots. For making Stilton cheese, we have the following receipt in the first volume of the Repository ofArt! and Manufactures: Take the night's cream, and put it to the morning's new milk, with the icnnct ; when the curd is come, it is not to be broken, as is done w:th other cheeses, but take it out with a.soil-d:fh altogether, and piace it in sieve to drain gradually; and as rt drains, keep gradually puffing it till it becomes firm and dry j then place it in a wooden hoop: afterwards to be kept dry on boards, turned frequently, with cloth binders round it, which are to be tightened as occasion requires, and changed every Cay until the cheese bttomc firm enough to simport itself: after the cloth is taken off, ,the cheese is rubbed every day all over, for two or three months, «ith a brush; and if ■ the weather be damp or moist, twice a day j and even before the cloth is taken off, the to;> and bottom are well rubbed every day. (l.)* STILTS, tt.f. [ftyltor, Swedish; Heltets,

lost during the hurry of the plunder, he replied, Dutch ; ficelcan, Saxon.] Supports on which boy 1

that he had iost nothing ; for no one could take hum him his learning and eloquence. So great was the fame of Stilpo, that trie most eminent phi.ofophers of Athens took pleasure in attending *ipon his discourses. His peculiar doctrines were, that species or umveisals have no real existence, and that one thing cannot be predicated of another. With respect to the former of these opinions, he seemed to hare taught the sime doctrine with the sect afterwards known by the appellation of Nominalists. To prove that one thing cannot be predicated of another, he said, that goodness and wan, for instance, are different

raise themselves when they walk.—Some couht not be content to walk upon the battlements, but they must put themselves upon stilts. Howel The heron and such nke fowl live of fishes, walk on long stilts, like the people in the marshes. More.

Men must not walk upon stilts. L'Ejtrange. (a.) Stilts, in Scotland, are synonymous with

CRUTCHES.

STILYARD. See Steel Yard.

STIMMERDORF, a town of Bohemia, in the circie of Le.itmerits'.; j miles WNW. of Kamiiitz.

Huh* OOSTI.

(1.) STIMULANT, adj. {stimulant, Lit.] fending to excite.

(2.) Stimulants. «./ in medicine, substances which increase the action of cei tnin parts of the body. In particular, they quieten the motion of I he blood, increase the acrim of the muscubr sibrcs.and affect the nervous system. See Stimuli, §. 2—6'.

To STIMULATE. i>. a. [stimulo, Latin.] t. To pnek. 2. To prick forward; 10 excite by some pungent motive. 3. [In phyfick.l To < x< ite a quick sensation, with a derivation towardsthe part—Extreme cold stimulates, producing fust a rigour,, and then a giowiug heat; those thing6 which stimulate 'n the extreme degree excite pain. Arbuthnot.—Some medicines lubricate, an.l ntlurs both lubricate and stimulate. Sharp.

♦ STIMULATION. *./ [stimutatio, Latin.] Excitement ; pungency.—Sime persons, from t tie secret sttninlaticns of vanity or envy, despise n valuable book. Watts.

(1.) STIMULI, [Lat.] n. f.plur. of Stimulus: in botany ; a 'spcc.es of armature or offensive wcapon, with w hich some plant?, as nettle, cassaila, ara'ypha, and tragia, are furnished. Thtir use, says Linnæus, is by thcr venomous punctures to k.ep off naked animals that would appfoaeh to hurt t!'cm.

(a.) Stimuli, Stimulants, or Exciting Towers, in the new lystem of medicine, comprehend evety Hiinp that can affect the human body, or mind, inwardly or outwardly. These Dr Brown divides into internal and external; and the Utter he subdivide* into durable and diffusible. S-c Brunonian System, § 4. I3!) Stimuli, Diffusible. 7 See Diffusi(4 ) Stimuli, Durable.' J Ble, § 1. and 2; and Excitability, § 1—3. (5.) Stimuli, External; ) See Brunonian 1,6.) Stimuli, Internal. S System, § 4;also Excitability, § 1—3; and Excitement.

STIMULUS, ti.ssing. |Lnt. i. e. a spur.] See Stimuli.

STINCHAR, or As Dstiwchar, a river of Scotland'in Ayrshire. See Akdstinchar.

(1.)* STING. n)s.[from the verb.] 1. A sharp point with w.hich tome animals are arm?d, a"d which in commonly vriiomous.—Serpents have venomous teeth, which are mistaken for their Jling. Bacon.

His rapier was a hornet's sling. Drajton. 1. Any thing that gives'p?in.—The Jews receiving thi" book originally with (uchsling in it, Hit ws that the authority was high. Forbes. 3. The point in the last verse.—It is not the jck or fling of an epigram. Drjden. 4. Re'morfe of conscience.

(2.) The Sting an apparatus in the bodies of certain infects, in form of a little spear, serving tlnm as a weapon ot offence. Sec Bee, Q I, 3, Nu 3, and 14.

* To Stin<:. 1: a. preterite, 1flung, or slang; participle p.ifiivt'Jiang and jhing.- [jiingan, Sax. stungen, fore pncKtd, Iflandick.] 1. To pierce or wound with a point darted out, as that of wasps or scoipions.—

Tbel'oake, 10! ed in a flow'ry bank, With, shilling checker'd siough, dothsting a child Tliat'for the beaifTy ihifsko il excellent. Sbak.

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* STINGILY. ad-v.[frora stingy.] Covetouliv.

* STINGINESS.'»./ [froui stingy.] Avarice'; covetousnel ■: nii;ardiiHetS.

* ST1NGLF.SS. adj. L'nrn stfng] Having no sting.—He hii;.;s this viper when he thinks it JlmgIffs. Demy of Pirty.

* STINGO, n. /. [from the sharpness of the taste.) Old bter.—A cant word.

Sting-ray, in ichthyology. Sec Raia, § II, N° 6.

* STINGY, adj. [A low cant word. In this Word, with its derivatives, the g is pronounced as in gem.] Covetous ; inggarrlly; avaricious.—A stingy harYow-heirted fellow that had a deal of choice fruit h.id not the he.irt to touch it till it beg in to be rotten. VEstrange—He relates it onIv by parcel*, which forces nic to bespeak his friends to engace him to iay afide that jtir.gy horn.ur, and gratify 1he pubnck at cr.ee. John Bull. * STINK, n. f. [fro* f-e verb.] Offensive smell.—Thosestjnks which the nostrils straight abhor are not molt pernicious. Bacon.

They mare a sin; and such proportions fall, That, like a stink, 'tis nothing toihcm al!.

Dry den.

By what criterion do ye eat, d'ye think?
If" this is pnz'd for sweetness, that Uye stini.

- '' Pope.

* To Sunk. T. n. preterite I stunk or stanl. [ftmia'n, Saxon ; jtincken, Dutch.| To emit an otsriilive smell, commonly a fined of putrefaction. —John, it will be stinking law for his breath. S.bak.—The chiidie«f of Airtmon saw that they stank bcfoie David, a Sam. x. 6.—^Vhat a fool art thou, to leave thy mother for a nasty stinking goat? L'Estrange— Most of smells want names; sweet andJt'mkidg serve our turn tor tbesr ideas, which is little m ire than to call them pleasing and displeasing. Lo.h.

ChlorH, this costly way to stink give o er Thou-smell'lt not of thy sweets, theyy>/tx4 of. thee. Craw.

* STINKARD, n. /. [from stink.] A mean stinking paltry lell'ow.

* STINKER. »./. [fromstink ] Something intended to offend by the smell.—The air may be purified by binning of stinkpots or stinkers in contagious iane«. Harvey.

* STINKINOLY. ad-v. [fromstinking.] With a ft in k.—

Cin'st thou bel'fve thy living is a life Sostinkinzly depending? Shnk. (1.)* 81 INKPOT, tf.s. [stink and pot.) Art artificial composition offensive to the sinei .—Tl e sir may be purified, especially in close places, by burning ofstinkpots. Harvey.

(1.) The Stin K-pot is an earthen jar or shell, charged -with powder, gienadoes,

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teVials of an offensive and suffocating smeil. It is frequently used by privateers, in the western o« ■ . . . cean,'

com, in *Ve attack of an enemy whom he designs to board; for which purpose it is luriushcd with a light fuse at the opining or touch-hole. See Boarding.

(1.) • STINT, n.s. [from the vert-.] 1. Limit; bound ; restraint.—if every thing were to be desired for some other without Any stint, there could po certain end proposed unto our actions. Hooks. —The exteriors, ot mourning, a decent funeral, and black habit?, are the usual stints of common husbands. Drydeii. %. A proportion j a quantity alfsericd.—Touching I'm: J I bit or measure thereof, Mere could be no doubt. Hooker.— Our /tint of wfie .Is common j Sbak.

He, that gave the hint, Mult also pay the stint. Denbam. —How mucr. wine druiK you in a day ? my jtint in company is a pint at noon. Suift. (*.) Stint, a species of the Tkinca. * To Stint. I<. a. [ftjnta, Swcd. stimta, Iflandirk.] To bot-ni*; to limit; to confine; to restrain; to stop.—His wisdom hath stinted the effects of his power. Hocker.

Persuade us die, to stint all further strife.

Spenser.

Nature wiseiy stints our appetite. l)'jd?n. —1 (lull not go about to extenuate the latitude ot the curse u;;on the earth, or stint it only to the production of »hj. 1','codv.ard.—A supposed heather, dtity might be so jt'mud'va his ki.owiedg e, that a Pagan might hope lo conceal his pttjury troni his notice. Addijon.—Few countries, which, I; well cultivated, wou.dnot support double their i ihabimits, and yet fewer wl.eie one thi:d arc hot extremely stinted in necessaries, fiuifi.—Slie stints thrm in their meals, and is very Iciupuluus '•of what they cat and drink. I.niu.

ST1NTER, a river of the Helvetic republic, w.lich runs into the Thru, rear Bischof Zcll.

STIO, a town of Naples, in Principato Citra: 16 mile» SW of C.mgiano.

ST1PA, Kf Atker Grass, in botany, a genus of plants belonging to the clasn of triandriu, and order of digynia; arid in the natural system ranging under the 4th order, Cramina. The calyx Is hivalvcd. The exterior valve of the ccio.lla isterminatrd by an awn; the base is jointed. There arc9 species: viz. 1. Stipa Arpuens; 1. Aris

TELLA; 3. AVENACEA; 4. CAPILLATA"; 5. JUNCEA i 6. MEVBRANACFA; 7. PENNATA; 8.SPI

Cata; and 9. Tenacissima. Of these only one is Britilh: viz,

Stipa Pennata, tlx common feather gras. The beards are feathered. The plant rises to lo inchen, grows on mountains, and fl\>wers in July or August.

ST1PEL, a town of Germany, in Westphalia, in the county of Mark: 3 miles S. of Bockum.

(l )* STIPEND. n.sXftipendium, Latin.] Wages; settled pay.—

People and nations pay them hourly stipends.

, Ben "Jonscn.

Si Paul's zeal wa° expressed in preaching without any stipend. Taylor.

Uosti Pend, anong the ancient Romans, figr.iried the fame with tribnte; at'd hence StipenDami were the lame with Tribu Tarii.

(3.) Stipend, in Scot? law. See Law, Part 111. Cbai. 11. Sed. X. J 15

ST1PENDARII. See Stipend, § ».

(,!.)• STIPENDIARY. \sti;e>Aiariiu, Lat.] Receiving salaries; performing any service for a status price.—His ^aeat stipendiary prelates came with troops of evil appointed hoisemen. Knulles. —Place rectories in the remainfng churr hes, which are now served only by stipendiary curates. Suist.

(».) * Stifendiary. n.s. {itipend'iaire, Fr._rfipendiarius, Litin.] One who performs any service for a settled payment.—This whole country is calied the kingdom ot Tunis; the king whereof ia a kind oistipendiary unto the Turk. Abbot. II thou art become

A 'yrant's vile stipendiary, with grief

Tha> valour thus, triumphant I behold. Glover.

(1.) • STIPT1CAL.) adj. [twW] Hivin?

li >* STIPTICK. > the power to staunch blood; astringent. This by analogy should be wiittettstyptiek.—There is a four stiptiek salt diffused through the eaith, which pallmg a concoction in plants, becometh milder. Brown.—From spirit of salt, carefully dephlegrocd and removed into lower glasse., having gently abstracted the v> ho.e, there remained in the bottom, and the neck of the retort, a great quantity of a certain dry andstiptical substance. Boyle.— In an effusion of blooa, having dossils ready dipt ia the royal stiptiek, we applied them. Wiseman.

(*0 Stiptics. See AsTrinci Nts, Matep.iK Mkdica, SeS. VI. and Styptics.

ST1PULA, n.s. in botany, one of the fulcra or -prop3 of p!a:i s, den"td !>y Linnæus to be a (rale, or small leaf, stttioned on each lide the bile of the footsta ks of the flower and leaves, at their first apoearance, for the purpose of support. Elmgrea restricts it to the footstalks of the leaves only

* To STIPULATE, v. n. [stiPu'or, Latin ; stifiller, Fi.] To contract; to bargain; to settle terms.—The Romtns itipAated with the Carthaginians to furniih them with llnps for transport and war. Arhuthnot.

(1.) • STIPULATION, n. s. {stipAation, Fr. from stipulate.] Bargain.—The hopes given by the gospel depend on our performance of that stipulation. Rogers.

U ) Stipulation, in the civil law, the act of stipulating, that is, ot treating and conclud;ng terms and conditions to be inserted in a contract. Stipulations were anciently performed at Romcv with abundance of ceremonies; the hrlt whereof was, that one party should interrogate, and the other answer, to give his consent, and obli«e himself. By the ancient Roman law, nobody couli stipulate for himself; hut as the Tabelmones were public servants, they were allowed to stipulate for their masters; and the notaries succeeding the Tabelhoncs have inherited the fart'C privilege.

* STIPULATOR. n.s. One who contracts or bargains.

* STIR. n.s. [stur, Runick, a battle ; yst-wrf, noise. Welsh.] i. Tumult; bustle.—

What halioing and whaty«;ris this to-day?

Shakespeare.

Tumultnous/frrj upon this strife ensue. Dretyt. —To make all this ///V for such a necessity as no man evei denied. Bp. Bramhall.—

Why

Why a!! these words, this clamour and this stir t Denbam. —The great stirs of the disputing worid are but the conflicts ot 'he humour*. Glaavi/le.—After all this stir about them they are good for nothing. Tillotson.—Consider, aster so much Jttr a'wout genus and fp-cies, how few word9 we have yrt fettled definitions of. Locke.—It proceeds from a kind of Dumbness of (tepidity or conscience, sa that it fliail not so much as d.?re to make a stir. Suutb. 2. Commotion; publick disturbance; tumultuous disorder; seditious uproar. — Whensoever the earl shitl die, aii those lands are to come unto her majely; lit is ske to ni.it,v a,foul stir there. Spense'.—He did make thtj'e stirs, grieving that the nameofOrist was at all brought into thole paits. Annut.—Beii.g advertised of some stirs raised by his unnatural sons Ib iingiand, lie departed out or Ireland. Davies.

Raphael, thou senr'st \vhat_/fif on -ar'h, Satan fro n he.I 'Icap'd throu^n the darksome guif

Hath raib'd iu paradise. MUtcn.

3. Agitation of thoughts; conflicting passion.—

With plerve or Mat or handkerchief, Still waving, as the stirs ai d tits os's mind Con d belt express how How his foul sail'd on, How swilt his Hup. Sbak. 11.) * To Srm. V- et. [stirian, S.ixov ; ftooren, Du:ch.] i. To move; to re.riove from it> place. —My foe I had never yet in rive .lays seen able tostir but as it was lifted. Temple

Swilt and obedient to his high command, Thry /;<> a linger, or they lift a. hand. Blackm. «. To agitate; to bring into debate.— Present-the ri<;ht of thy place, but sir not que (lions of jurisdiction. Bacon.—One judgment in p'-rliament, is of greater weight than many cafes to the contrary, wherein the question was not stirred; yea, esren though it should brstirred, aud the contrary affirmed. Hale. 3. 'so mete; to instigate; to ani.r.ate.—

An Ate stirring htm to blood and strife. Shai.

It y ou stir these daughters hearts
Against their father, tool me not so much
To.hear it tamely. Sbak.

The subtle Pyoan orator range up and downe
the field,

E-nbatteliing his men at armes, and stirring all to blowes. 'Chapman.

4. To raise; to excite.—

The soldiers sue her brother's memory: And for her fake some mutiny will stir. Dryd. .$. To Stir up. To incite; to animate; to indicate by inflaming the passions.—This would seem a dangerous commission, and ready to stir up all the Irish in rebellion. Spen'er.—•

The greedy thirst of royal crown,
Stirred Porrex up to put his brother down.

Spenser,

—The words of Judas were very good, and able

to stir them up to valour. 2 Maccab. xiv. 17.—He stirred up the Christians and Numidians against

him. Kno!les.—The vigorous spirit of Montrose stirred him up to mike some Attempt. Clarendon.

—The improving of his own pans stir him up to

so notable a design. Mare.

Thou with rebel insolence did'st dare To stir the factious rabbie up lo arms. Rowr. 6. To Stir up. To put in action; to excite; n quicken.—It stirretb up the dea l sot thee. Isa. xiv. 9.—

Such m;rth thejocund Hut: or gamesome pipe Stirs up among the loose urlctur'dfriuds. Miit. —To stir U'j vigour in hirr., er ploy him in some constant boJiiy labour. Lode.—The use of tte passion* is to stir up the mind, and put it upon action. Addi on.

(i.) * To Stir. V. «. I. To move one's self; to go out of the place; to change pla e.—

No oower he had lostir, nor will to rife.

Spnfser.

—The fa seheod would have been manitett, as soon as they should move from the place where they were, and from whence they were not to stir. '^larewlon.—We acki'owedpe a man to be mad or melancholy, who fancies himself to be giass, and so is afraid of stirring. Law. 2. To be in motion; not to he still; to pase from i- activity to motion.—The gicat Judge of ad knows every different dfgrce of human iuipr lvenicnt, from these weik stirrings and tendencies of the w il, to the last entire consummation of a good habir. Addis. 3. To become the object of notice.—They fancy they have a right to talk freely upon every thing that stirs or appears. Watts. 4. To rife in the morning.—This is a colha'iuial and familiar use.—Ifthejrentlevrorhan that attends tjie general's wife bestirring, teli her. there's one Ciflio entreats of her aiiitie favour of speech. S6ai.

STIRI, a town cf European Turkey, in I.ivadia: 9 miles S. of L'vadia.

STIR1A, a province of Germany, in the circlos Austria, bounded on the N. by the empire of Austria, on the E. by Hungary, on.the S. by OrnioJa, anc! on the W. byCarinthiaand the late archbishopric of Salisbury; being taj miles long and 17 broad. It contains n cities, 95 towns, jjj castle-', 15 convents, and 290,000 inhabitants. Though it is a mountainous country, yet there is a great des! of land fit for tillage, and the soil is so poed, that the inhabitants never were in want of com. It contains mines of very pood iron; wher.ee the arms ma le there are in gieat esteem. The wurr.en differ g eatly from the Austrians, and are very plain and downright. They have ail swellings on their throats, called broncboceles. (See Surcery, Index.) The men are very simple, and are zealous worshippers of the Virgin. The chief town is Gratz.

* STIRIOUS. adj. [from jliria, Lat.] Rcftmbling icic.es.—Chrystal is found in some places not much unlike thesiirious or stiilicidious dependencies of ice. Brown.

STIRK, n.s. [Scottish.] See Sturk.

(1.) STIRLING, an ancient city of Scotland, situated on the river Forth, called also Sterling and Striveling; from the former of which Boethius and others derive the name Sterling- money; because, Osbeit, a Saxon prince, after the overthrow of the Scots, established a mint there. The name of Stri-vcling is said to have been derived from the frequency of strifes or conflicts in the neighbourhood. The town contains about

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