Page images

by princes.” Stanislaus lived in obfcurits til whom he accompanied in his embally to Pateile 1725, when Lewis XV. espouted the princess Man burg. Being uncommonly handsome, he soon atTy his daughter. Upon the death of Auguitus in iradted the attention of the Grand Duchefs, after 1733, be returned to Poland in hopes of remount. wards Catharine II.' To'iiicreate his importance, ing the throne. A large party deciared for him; he was appointed ambalador from Auguftus king bat his competitor the young elector of Saxoniy, of Poland, and invested with the invignia of the being supported by the Emp. Charles VI. and the White Eagle ; but his intrigue with the grand Empress of Ruffa, was chosen king, though the duchefs being discovered, the empress Elizabeth majority was againft him. Dantzic, to which was so much offended, that the expreffed 'her dirStanislaus had retired, was quickly taken, and the plealure to the king of Poland, who immediately unfortunate prince made his efcape in diguile recalled him. Upon the immorality of this amour, with great difficuity, after hearing that a price we need inake no comment. Moral principles are was set upon his head by the Ruffians. When feldom regarded by the Irrat, 'when they interpeace was conciuded in 1936 between the Empe: fere with their pursuits of pleasure of 'of power: for and France, it was agreed that Stanislaus But it will be Teen 'how the rewarded him. When 1hooid abdicate the throne, but that he should be Catharine ascended the throne, on the murder of acknowledged king of Poland and grand duke of her husband, Poniatowski, thinking he would be Lithuania, and continue to bear thele titres during a'wrléome visitant, itt out for Petersburg; bat to life; that all his effects and those of the queen his his furprife and mortification, he received a mer fpoule should be restored ; that an amnefty Thould fage fruin his old miftress, wheni on the frontiers, be declared in Polaud for all that was past, and advising him to return to Wartaw. However, on that every person shouid be restored to his por the death of king Auguftus, in 1763, Catharine fcilions, rights, and privileges: that the elector of announced her intention of placing her favourite Saxony fhonid be acknowledged king of Polar:d on the throne' of Poland; a measure, which, tho' by all the powers who acceded to the treaty; djfagreeable to many of the Polish nobles, the efthat Stanislaus Mould be put in poffeffion of fected in 1964. (See POLAND, Ø 22.) The dif. the duchies of Lorrain and Bar; but that immė, turbances which, soon aftor, commenced betweeni diately after his death these duchies should be the Roman Catholics and the Disidents, the in: toited for ever to the crown of France. Sta. terference of Russia and the other partitioning Tillaus fuceeded a race of princes in Lorrain, who powers; the feizure of the king's perfon by con. were beioved and regretted: and his subjects Ipirators, with his aftonishing escape; the beauti, found their ancient sovereigns revived in him. He ful but short-lived revolution, and new constitutafted then the pleasure which he had so long de- tion; the first and ad partitions of Poland by the fred, the pleasure of making men bappy, He farrounding powers; with the bloody operations athited his new fubjects; he embellished Nancy of the Ruflians under Suwarrow; the massacre of and Lunéville; he made usefui establishments; hé Prague, and the capture of Warsaw, are fully re? founded colleges and built hospitais. He was eric corded under POLAND, 22-26, 31. The un. gaged in these noble employments, when an ac. fortunate monarch was obliged to resign his crowa cident occafioned his death. His night-gown in Nov. 1795, and retire to Petersburg; where he caught fire and burnt him so severely before it died, April 11, 1798. He was one of the most could be extinguished, that he was seized with a accomplished men of his age; had 'read the best fever, and died Feb. 23, 1766. His death occa. authors, ancient and modern ; and could converse lioned a public monrning: the grief of his subjects in various languages. Under the last constitution was genuine. In his youth he had accustomed he would have made an excellent monarch, and hanfelf to fatigue, and had strengthened his mind a happy people, if the other powers of Europe and conftitution. He was temperate, liberal, a. had aslifted him and the brave Poles, against their dored by his vaffale; gentle, affable, compassion. oppressors. ate, treating his subjects like equals, and allevia. STANITZ, a town of Bohemia, in Chrudrim. ting their misfortunes. His revenues were small; STANITZAS, villages or small districts of the but were we to judge of them by what he did, we banks of the Don, 'inhabited by Coffacs." might reckon him the richest potentate in Europe. (1.) * STANK. adj. Weak'; worn' out.- ' He gave 18,000 crowns to the magiftrates of Bar Diggon, I am so ftiff and so stank, '. *** to be employed in purchafing grain, when at'a - That unneth I may stand any more. Spenter. low price, to be sold out again to the poor at a '(2.) * STANK. The preterite of srink. The moderate rate when the price should rise above a fish in the river died, and the river stark. Ex. vii. Certain fum. He was a protector of the arts and (1:) STANLEY, Sir Thomas, of Cumberlow fciences: he wrote several works of philosophy, Green, in Herefordshire, Knti a learned writer politics, and morality, which were collected and of the 17th century, who published 2 'vôls of published in France in 1765, in 4 vols 8vo, under Poeris ; the one in 1649, and the other in 1651. the title of Oeuvres du Philofophe Bienfaisant, “ the . (2:) STANLEY, Thomas, son of Sir Thomas, Works of the Benevolent Philofopher." *** became ftill more famous for his learning. He

(2.) STANISLAUS AUGUSTUS Poniatowski, the was born at Cúmberlow about 1644, and educalast king of Poland, was the son of count Ponia: fed in his father's houfe, whence he removed to towski, a Polish nobieman, by a lady of royal de- the university of Cambridge.. He afterwards tras Icent, and born in 1732. After receiving a very velled through France, Italy, and Spain, and, už liberal education, he went abroad, and resided pon his return to England, prolcented his studies for a confiderable time in Engiand; where he be in the Middle Temple. He married Dorothy, the came intimate with Sir Charles Hanbury Williams, eldest daughter of Sir James Engan of Flower, in


Northamptonshire. He wrote, 1. A volume of member. No writ of error lies from hence to any poems: 2. A transation of Ælian's Various His court in Westminster-ball; as was agreed by all tory: 3. Hiftory of Philosophy, and Lives of the the judges, in 4 Jac. I. But an appcai lies from Philosophers: 4. A Translation of Æschylus, with the steward of the court to the under-warden; a Commentary; and several other works. He and from him to the lord-warden; and thence to died in 1678.

the privy.council of the prince of Wales, as duke (3.) STANLEY, John, an eminent composer and of Cornwall, when he hath bad livery or invefti. performer of music, born in 1913. He was blind ture of the same. And from thence the appeal lies from his infancy, but acquired to profound a to the king himself, in the last resort. knowledge of music, that he became master of his STANNOWOI KREBET, mountains of SibeMajetty's band of musicians, and organist to the ria. See SIBERIA, 8. Society of the Tempie and of St Andrews, Hol STANNUM, (Lat.) TIN. See CHEMISTRY, : born. He died in 1786.

Index; and METALLURGY, Part II. Sra. VII. (4.) STANLEY, in geography, a town of Eng. Part III. Se&. VI. land, in Gloucestershire, with a market on Satur. STANOVITZKOI, a town of Ruffia, in Noday, 12 miles S. of Gloucefter, and 109 W. of vogorod : 48 miles NW. of Tcheraporetz. London. Lon. 2. 16. W. Lat. S1. 40. N.

STANSTED, a town of Virginia, s miles N. (3.) STANLEY, a considerable viilage in Perth. of Falmouth. Thirc, partly in the parish of Auchtergaven, and STANTON, a town of England, in Lincolnpartly in that of Redgorton ; famous for its ex. fhire, with a market on Monday ; 16 miles NE. tensive machinery for spinning cotton, and for the of Lincoln, and 129 N. of London. Lon. O. . beauty of its fituation. In 1793, it contained a, W. Lat. 53. 18. N. bout $20 inhabitants.

(1.) STANTZ, or Sranz, a town of the Hele (1.) STANMORE, GREAT, a village of Mid, vetic republic, in the canton of Under-Walden; dlerex, io miles NW. of London, in which are feated in a beautiful plain, at the foot of Morot fome elegant seats. It is near a hill, which is so Stanzberg, near the sake of Lucern; 8 miles SE. very clevated that the trees growing on its top are of Lucern, 29 S. of Zurich, and 42 E. of Berne. a landmark from the German Ocean.

Lon. 8. 23. E. Lat. (2.)STANMORE, LITTLE, a viilage of Middlesex, (2.) STANTZ, or STANZ, a river of Stiria, which near Edgware, cailed also WHITCHURCH, famous runs into the Muhr; 2 miles ENE. of Luttenberg. for a magnificent seat, called Canons, built by STANWIX, a town of England, in CumberJames, first duke of Chandos, in 1712, who iived land, near Carlisle, on the opposite bank of the many years in it, in a kind of regal state, and died Eden, on the road to Scotland. in 1744. It was demolished in 1747, and the ma, STANYHURST, Richard, an Irish hiftorian, terials were sold by auction. The church is an poet and divine, born at Dublin, about 1545, and elegant structure, and contains ail that remains of educated at Univerfity College, Oxford. He althe magnificence of Canons. It was built and or. terwards ftudied the law, at Furnival's and Lio. namented by the duke. It lies 8 miles NW, of coln's Inns; but turning Roman Catholic, be London,

went to the continent, where he entered into or (i.) * STANNARY. adj. (from stannum, Lat.] ders; and, at Brussels, was made chaplain to A. Relating to the tin-works.-A steward kerpeth his bert, archduke of Austria, then governor of the court once every three weeks: they are termed Spanish Netheriands. He published several learn. stannary courts, of the Latin stannım, and holds ed works; particularly, 1. Harmonia, feu catena pleas of action of debt or trespass about white or dialectica in Porphyrium ; fol. 1570. 2. De rebus black tin, Carea.

in Hibernia geftis ; 4to, 1984. 3. De vita S. Pa. (2.) STANNARY, M. f. is also used for the mines tricii; 12mo, 15872 4. The first 4 books of Vir. and works where tin is dug and purified; as in gil's Æneid, in English hexameters; 1200, 1583. Cornwall, Devonshire, &c. See CORNWALL, He died in 1618. 1, 4: and Tin.

STANYONE, a small town of England, in (3.) STANNARY COURTS, in Devonshire and Northamptonshire, SW. of Weldon. Cornwall, courts held for the adminiftration of STANZ, or STANTZ. See Srant2, No 1 & 2. justice among the tinners therein. They are held * STANZA. n. 1. (anza, Ital. fance, Fr.) A before the lord-warden and his substitutes, in vir. number of lines regularly adjusted to each other ; tue of a privilege granted to the workers in the so much of a poem as contains every variation of tin mines there, to sue and be sued only in their measure or relation of rhyme. Stanza is originalown courts, that they may not be drawn from ly a room of a house, and came to fignify a subditheir business, which is highly profitable to the vision of a poem; a staff. public, by attending their law.cuits in other courts, Nor till the bappy nuptial house be seen, The privileges of the tinners are confirmed by a shall any stanza with it shine.

Cowley: charter, 33 Edw. I. and fuliy expounded by a prie Horace confoes himself frictly to one sort of vate Itatute, so Edw. III. which has fince been verse or fianza in every ode. Dryde-In quatrains, explained by a public act, 16 Car. I. c. 15. What the lat line of the planxa is to be considered in relates to our present purpose is only this: That the composition of the first. Dryden.all tinners and labourers in and about the stanna. Each exalted fanza teems with thought. ries Thail, during the time of their working there. in, bona fide, be privileged from Suits of other STANZBERG, a mountain of the Helvetic re. courts, and be only pleaded in the stannary court public, in the canion of Underwalden, near the jo al matters, excepting pleas of land, ift, and lake of Lucern.



STAPELIA, a genus of plants belonging to the two, and are globose with a fcar. There are two rais pentandria, and the order digynia. The,ge- species, the pinnata and trifolia. heric characters are these: The calyx ig mono- I. STAPHYLA A PINNATA, or bladder-nut-tree, phyllous, quinquefid, acute, small, and permanent. is a tail trce. The Icaves are pinnated; the pin. The corolla is monopetalous, flat, large, and di- næ are generally five, oblon;, ponted, and notchvided, deeper than the middle, into five parts, ed round the edges. The Howers are white, and with broad, flat, pointed lacinia. The nečlarium grow in whirls on long pendulous footstalks. This s fmail, star-thaped, flat, quinqucfid, with linear plant flowers in June, and is frequent in hedges lacinis ; and embracing with its ragged points about' Pontefract, and in Kent. the focd-forming parts. Another small ftar, 2. STAPHYLEA TRIFOLIA, or three-leaved blad. which is also flat and quinquefid, covers the fe- der.nut, is a native of Virginia. midiferous parts with its entire acute lacinia.--. STAPHYLINUS, a genus of animals belongThe flamina are five in number; the filaments ing to the class of infetc, and order of coleoptera. are ertet, flat, and broad; and the anthere are 'The antennæ are moniliform; the feelers four in linear, on each fide united to the fide of the fila. number; the elytra are not above half the length ment. The pistillum has two germina, which are of the abdomen; the wings are folded up and dral and flat on the infide. There are no Ryles ; concealed under the elytra; the tail or extremity and the digmata are obsolete. The feed-veffel of the abdomen is fingle, is provided with two confifts of two oblong, awl-shaped, unilocular long veficles which the infect can shoot out or and univaived foilicles. The feeds are numerous, draw back at pleasure. Gmelin enumerates 117 imbricated, compressed, and crowned with a pap. species, of which tive only are natives of Great us or down. This fingular tribe of plants is pe. Britain ; viz. culiar to the fandy deserts of Africa and Arabia. 1. STAPHYLINUS CHRYSOMELINUS is black; They are extremely succulent. From this pecu- the thorax, elytra, and feet being testaceous. It is liarity of structure, the power of retaining water found in the north of Europe. to support and nourish them, they are enabled to 2. STAPHYLINUS MAXILLOS US is black, with live during the prevalent droughts of those arid ash-coloured stripes, and jaws as long as the head. regions. On this account the stapelia has been It inhabits the woods. denominated the camel of the vegetable kingdom. 3. STAPHYLINUS MURINUS. The head is deThe peculiar economy in the stapelia, and other pressed. The colour is grey, clouded with black. fucculent plants, seems to exist in the absorbent The length is fix lines. " It lives among horfe and exhalant fyftems. The power of absorption dung. is as much increased as the power of the exhalant 4. STAPHYLINUS RIPARIUS is of a reddita or perspiratory vefsels is diminished. In there brown colour; but the elytra are azure coloured; plants, a small quantity of nourishment is requir. and the head, antennæ, and two last rings of the ed. There is no folid part to be formed, no, large abdomen, are black. It is frequent on the banks fruit to be produced. They generally have very of rivers in Europe. Imall leaves, often are entirely naked; for that. S. STAPHYLINUS RUFUS is of an orange cotaking the whole plant, a small surface oily is lour; but the posterior part of the elytra and abexposed to the action of light and heat, and con. domen is black, as are also the thighs at their base. fequently a much smaller proportion of water 18 These insects have a peculiarity to be met with in decompofed than in plants which are much almost every species of this genus, which is, that branched and furnished with leaves. Two (pe. they frequently turn up their tail, or extremity of cies of Itapeita only were known at the beginning the abdomen, especiaily if you chance to touch of the 18th century. The unfortunate Forskal, them; in which case the tail is seen to rise imme. the companion of Niebhur, who was fent out by diately, as if the infect ineant to defend itlelf by the king of Denmark to explore the int:rior of stinging. Yet that is not the place where the inArabia, and who fell a facrifice to the peftilential fect's offensive weapons are situated. Its tail has dilcases of those inhospitable regions, discovered no fting, but it bites and pinches (trongly with Iwo new fpecies.": Thunberg, in his Prodromus, its jaws; and care must be taken, especially in has mentioned five more. Forty new fpecies laying hold of the larger fpecies. Their jaws are have been discovered by Mr Mafion of Kew Gar- strong, moot out beyond the head, and are subdens, who was sent out by his present Majesty servient to the anımai in feizing and destroying for the purpose of collecting plants round the its prey. They feed on all other insects they can Cape of Good Hope: Descriptions of these, with catch: even frequently two staphylivi of the same elegant and highly finished coloured engrarings, fpecies bite and tear each other. Though this have lately been published. They are chiefly na insect has very {mall elytra, yet its wings are lives of the extensive delerts called Karyo, on the large; but they are curioully folded up, and conweftern fide of the Cape.

cealed under the elytra. The infect unfolds and STAPES OF THE EAR. See ANATOMY, Index, expands them when he chooses to Ay, which he and SOUND, N 9, v.

does very lightly. Among the small species of STAPHYLÉA, BLADDER' NUT, in botany, a this genus, there are leveral whole colours are genus of plants belonging to the clats of pentan. hvely and fingularly intermningied. Some of them dria, and order of origynia ; and in the natural are found upon flowers, but they chiefly inhabit yilem arranged under the 23d order, tribilata, 'the dong of cows. Their iarvx, which relčinble The calyx is quinquepartite. There are five pe. them to much as to be scarce distinguishable, live tals. The capsules are three, inflated and joined in damp places under ground. They are by tome together by a longitudinal suture. The feeds are called Rove beetles.


STAPHYLOMA. See SURGERY, 420. STAPYLTON, Sir Robert, the 3d son of Ri.

(1.) * STAPLE. adj. (from the noun.] 1. Set- chard Stapylton, of Carleton, Yorkthire, was born tled ; established in commerce.

in Yorkshire, and educated in the Roman faith, Some English wool, vesed in a Belgian loom, in the college of English Benedictines, at Douay, Did into France or colder Denmark roam, in France. On bis return to England, he turned To ruin with worse ware our jlaple, trade. Proteilant; and was appointed gentleman usher

Dryden. to the Prince of Wales, afterwards Charies II, 2. According to the laws of commerce.- Maiters, When K Charles I. was obliged to fly from Lonwho will take off their ware at their own rates, don, he went with him, and was, knighted in and trouble not themseives to examine whether it '1642. After the battle of Edgehill, he attended be flaple or no. Swift.iii.

. the king to Oxford, and was created LL. D. (2.). * STAPLE, n. . Teftape, Fr, stapel, Dutch.) During the Commonwealth, and Cromwell's u. 1. 1 Tettled mart; an established emporium,-. furpation, he spent his time in retirement and ftu: Ajlaple of romance and lies.

Prior, dy ; but after the restoration, be was promote --The customs oi Alexandria were very great, it to foine offices by Charles II. He published [ehaving been the staple of the Liidian trade. Ar- „veral dramatic works, and died in 1669. iuthnot.--Tyre, Alexander the Great facked, and. (1.) * STAR. n. . steorra, Sixon; sterre, establishing the staple at Alexandria, made the Dutch.1 1. One of the luminous bodies that apgreatest revolution in trade that ever was known. pear in the nocturnal lky.--When an astronomer

Arbuthrict. 2. I know not the meaning in the uses the word star in its ftrict sense, it is appried following passage.--Henry II. granted' liberty of only to the fixt stars : but is a large lense it incoining to certain abbies, allowing ihem, one sta- cludes the pianets. W'atts.ple, and two punchcons at a rate. Canden. 3. Then let the pebbles on the hungry bcech The original material of a manufacture.

Filiop the sturs.

Sbak. *** At Lenfter, for her wool whole staple doth . Th’included spirit serving the star, deck'd exce, Drayton. . figns,

Hakewill. (3-) STAPLE, (2. def., 1.) fignifies a public As from a cioud bis fulgent head, market, whithér merchants, &c, are obliged to. And shape star bright, appear'd. Milton. bring their goods for sale ; as the Greve, or the 2. The pole.Itar.-Wel, it you be not turn'd praces along the Seine, for sale of wines and corn, Turk, there is no more failing by the star. Shake 30 Paris, whither the merchants of other parts are 3. Configuration of the planetö luppoled to influ. obliged to bring those commodities. Formerly, once fortune, the merchantz of England were obliged to carry From forth the fatal loins of these two foes, their wool, cioth, lead, and other ftaple commo- A pair of star croft lovers take their inte, Shak. 'dities of this realm, to expcle thém by wholcfale; -We are apt to do amifs, and say, the blame upand these staples were appointed to be constantly on our wtarsa, L'Estrange. 4. A mark of reference; kept at Yörk, Lincoin, Newcastle upon Type, an asterisk.- Remarks worthy of riper observaNorwich, Westminster, Canterbury, Chicheiter, tion, note with a marginai star. Watts. Winchester, Exeter, and Bristol : in each of which (2.) Star, in astronomy, is a general name for a public mart was appointed to be kept, and each all the heavenly bodies, which, like so many briia of them had it Court of the mayor of the stapie, liant studs, are dispersed throughout the whole for deciding differences, held according to the law heayens. The stars are, distinguished, from the merchant, in a suinmary way.

phenomena or their motion, &c. into fixed, and . (4.) * STAPLE, n. 1. (stapul, Saxon, a prop.] erratic or wandering stars :, these lait are again A loop of iron ; a bar bent and driven in at both diftinguished into the greater luminaries, viz. the ends. I have seen staples of doors and nails born. fun and moon; the planets, or wandering Itars, 'Pracham.

properly so called; and the comets. Sçe ASTROThe bolt, obedient to the filken cord, NOMY, Index. As to the fixed stars, they are so .." "To the frong staple's iomoit depth relor'd, calicd, becaufe they feem to be fixed, or perfe&tly Sccur'd the valves.

Pope. at rest, and confequently appear always at the 15.) STable, in Scots law. See HASP, 2; fame distance from each other,

e ll and LAW, Part III. Chap. II. Se&. XX. Ø 27. (3.) STAR, is also a badge of honour, worn by

16.) STA?LI COMMODITIES, fuch wares and the knights of the garter, bath, and thistic. See mcrchandizes as are commonly and readily sold GARTER, in a market, or exported abroad; being for the (4.) STAR, in fortification, denotes a small fort, moft part the proper produce or manufacture of having five or more points, or faciant and re-enth country

tering angles, flanking one another, and their faces 'STAPLETON, Thomas, a celebrated Roman 90 or 100 feet long... «atho.ic divine, boru io Sufiex, in 1535. He was ís.) * STAR APPLE. ». f. A globular or oliveCucated at Canterbury and Winchester ; and Maped soft flethy fruit, inclosing a stone of the then Test to New College, Oxford, where he be- fame thape. This plant grows in the warmett Cane'a fellow. On the acceffion of Q. Elizabeth, parts of America, where the fruit is eaten by way be went to Louvain, where he was appointed re- of desert. "It grows to the height of 39 or 40 feet. ot' 1113 profesor in divinity, canon of St Peter's, and Miller.

tean of [titlirherk. He died in 1998. His“ (6.) The STÁR APPLE is a species of CHRYSÓ. works were published at "Paris, in 16203 in 4 PHYLLUM. is tol,

(7.) STAR CASTLÉ. See Sciley, NP 1..3,, .lewati

(8) STAR

[ocr errors]

18. STAR HYACINTH, a fpecies of SCILLA. through a cloth or leve, and what is left behind

(9.) STAR OF ALEXANDRIA, a species of ORNI put into the vefici with new water, and exposed THOGALUM

to the sun for fome time. As the tediment thick. (10.) * STAR OF BETHLEHEM. n. f. [ornithoga. ens at the bottom, they drain off the water tour lum, Lat.) A flower. Miller.

or five times, by inclining the vefrei, but without - (11.) STAR OF BETHLEHEM. See ORNITHO. palling it through the fieve. What remains at GALUM.

• bottom is the starch, which they cut in pieces to (12.) STAR OF CONSTANTINOPLE, ) other two get out, and leave it to dry in the sun. Wen dry, (13.) STAR OF NAPLES,

fpecies of it is laid up for ute. ORNITHOGALUM.

(3.) STARCH is commonly made of wheat, and • (14.) STARS, or ASTERISKS, (1. dif. 4.) are the very best ftarch can perhaps be made of noused at the beginning of Articles, throughout this thing else. Wheat, however, is too valuabie an work, to distinguish those taken fro.n Dr Johnarticié of food to be employed as the material of SON's Di&ionars.

Atarch, if any thing else will answer the purpose; (15.) STARS, FALLING. Scé IGNIS FATUUS, and it has long been known that an inferior kind METEOR, and METEOROLOGY.

of starch may be made of potatoes. Potatoes, (16.) STARS, TWINKLING OF THE. Se Op. however, are themselves a valuable article of food; TICS, Index.

and it is therefore an object of importance to try (17.) STAR Thistle, in botany. See Cen. if ítarch may not be made of something ftill less TAUREA.

uletul. On the 8th of March 1796, a patent was STARAJA RUSSA, a town of Russia, in Novo. granted to Lord Wiliam Murray for his discove: gorod, on the Polith, near lake limen, 40 miles ry of a method by which starcb may be extracted S. of Novogorod. Lon. 33. 2. E. Lat. 57.40. N. from horse chefnuts. But the defcription of the

(1.) * STARBOARD. n. . (steorbord, Saxon. Is method is too tedious for our admitting it. the right-hand side of the ship, as the larboard is. * TO STARCH. v. a. (from the noun.) To fif. the left. Harris.-On shipboard the mariners will fen with starch.not leave their starboard an'! larboard, because Her goodly countenance I've seen fome one accounts it gibberrih. Bramhall.

Set off with kerchief starcb'd.

Guy. (2.) STARBOARD is the right Gde of the ship (1.) * STARCHAMBER. N.ß. camera stellata, when the eye of the spectator is directed for- Lat.) A kind of criminal court of equity. Now ward.

aholished.---'ll make a starchamber maticr of li, (1.) * STARCH. n. f. [from stari, Teutonick, Szak. fiff.] A kind of viscous matter made of Power . (2.) 'STAR-CHAMBER. COURT OF, {eamerá stel. or potatoes, with which linen is stiffened, and was lata', a famous, or rather infamous, English tribu. formerly coloured.

mal, Taid to have been so cailed either from a SaxHas he

on word fignifying to steer or governor froni • Didik'd your yeliow starch?

Fletcher. its punishing the crimen stellionatus, of cofenage ; -With starch thin laid on, and the skin well or because the rooin wherem it fat, the oid éona. ftretched, prepare your ground. Peacham. cil-chan ber of the palace of Westmıniter, Lib.

(2.) STARCH is a fecula or fediment, fount at 148.) which is now converted into the tottery. the bottom of vefreis wherein wheat has been office, and forms the E. fide ci New Palace yaru, steeped in water, of which freuia, after frpurat was full of windows; or, (to which Sir Edwar! ing the bran from it, by palling it through fieves, Coke, 4 lost. 66. accedes), because haply the root they form a kind of loaves, which being dried in thereof was at the first garnithed with gilden stai, the fun or an oven, is afterwards cut into little All these are merely conjectures (for no stars are pieces, and fu fold. The best starch is white, now in the roof, nor are any said to have remair. soft, and friable, and eafi'y broken into powder. ed there fo late as the reign of queen Elizabek); Such as require fine starch, do not content their. and another coniectural ctymology, as farfetche'l selves, like the starchm-n, with refule wheat, but as any of them, has been derived from starra figo use the fin-it grain. The process is as follows: stars, a corruption of the Ilebrew word, heta, The grain, being weli cleaned, is put to ferment a covenant, which Jewish covenants, it is alleged, in vefrels full of water, which they expose to the were lodged in this chamber by Richard I. before fun while in its greatet beat; changing the water the Jews were banished. (See Torey's Angl. Yutwice a-day, for the face of eight or twelve days, dait. 32. Seirlen. tit. of hon. ii. 34. Vxor Ebraic. 1. according to the season. When the grain burits 14.) But whatever was the origin of the nam , easily under the finger, they jadge it fufficiently this court was of very ancient original; but nex. fermented. The fermeirtation perfected, and the modelled by ftatutes 3 lion. VII. c, I. and 2 grain thus softened, it is put, handful by handful, Hen. VIII. c. 20. confiling of divers lords fpiri. into a canvas bag, to separate the four from the tual and temporai, being privy-counsellors, toge hulks; which is done by rubbing and beating it ther with two judges of the courts of commer. on a plank laid across the mouth of an empty vel. law, without the intervention of any jury. Their fel that is to receive the four. As the vefleis are jurisdiction extended legally over riot, porjury, filled with this liquid flour, there 19 feen iwir. inisbehaviour of therifts, and other notorious mit. ming at top a reddish wat-r, which is to be carri demeanore, contrary to the laws of the land. Yet fully fcummed off from time to time, and clean this was afterwards iftysiurd Clarendon) fretch. water is to be put in its placa, which, after ftir. ed “to the ailesting of all proclamations and or. ring the whole together, is so to be trained ders of itate; to the vindicating of ilegal conVol. XXI. PART I,


« PreviousContinue »