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Voice is at stand and at the highest flow.


—-In the beginning of summer the days art at a stand, ami with little variation of icngtb or shortness. Dryden.—The sea, since the memory of all ages, hath continued at a stand, without considerable variation. Bcntley. 7. A point beyond which one cannot proceed.—r

Every part of what we would,
Must, make a stand at what your highness will.


Finding the painter's science at a stand,
The goddess snatch'd the pencil trom his hand.

« Prior. %. Difficulty; perplexity; embarrassment j hesitation.—A fooi may so far imitate the mien of a wise man, as at first lo put a body to a stand what to make of him. L'Estr.—Make the face yet narrowtr, and then you are at a stand. Lode. 9. A frame or table on which vessels are placed.— Such squires are only tit for country towns, To stink of alt, and dust a stand with clowns.


—After supper a stand was brought in, with a vessel fuli of wine. Dryden,

(a.) Stand, in commerce, a weight from two hundred and an half to three hundred of pitch.

(1.) * To Stand, V. n. preterite, / stood, I have stood, [standan, Gothick and Saxon ; staen, Dutch ; stare, Italian ; estar, Spanifli ;stare, Lat.j 1. To be upon the feet; not to sit, kneel, or lie down.—The absolution to be pronounced by the priest alone standing. Com. Prayer. 2. To be not demoiiihed or overthrown.—

. A living temple, built by faith to stand. Milt. 3. To be placed as an edifice.—This poet's tomb stood on the other side of Naples. Addison. . 4. To remain erect; not to fall.—

To stand or fall,

Free in thy own arbilrement it lies. Milton. What stood recoil'd

O'erwcary'd, through the faint satanick host.

Milton's Paradise Lost.

5. To become erect.—

Amaz'd, my hair with horror stood. Dryd.
Her hair stood up. Dryden1 i Æneid.

6. To stop; to halt; not to go forward.—

The leaders, having charge from you to Hand, Will not go oft". ^ XLak. H. VI.

Sun in Gideon stand. Milton.

I charge theesland,
And tell thy name. Dryden's Æneid.

7. To be at a stationary point without progrtfs.or regression.—This nation of Spain runs a race dill of empire, when all other stale", of C^riftendjin stand at a stay. Bacon.

Say, at what part of nature will they stand?


8. To be in a state of firmness, not vacillation.—

Commonwealths by viituc everstood. Duties.
My mind on its own centre stands unmoved.


9. To be in any posture of resistance or defence.—

Seeing how iothiy opposite I stood
To his unnat'rai purpose. Sbak.
When they stood ayainit you, may they fall.


10. To be in a state of hostility; to keep the

ground.—If he should stand upon his defence, he threatened to make him repent his fooiistj hardiness. Knollss.—llie king granted the Jews lo father themselves together, aud stand for their life. Estb. viii. 11.—We are often constrained tojfcjm/ alone against the strength of opinion. Broum.—By the sword they stiomd die, if they stood upon defence. Hayward. II. Not to yield; not to fly; not to give way.—Who before him stood so to it i Ecclus. xlvi. 3—That ye may be able lo stand agaiust the wiles of the devil. Epb. vi. it,—Their lives and fortunes were put in safety, whtther they jiood to it or ran away. Bacon, u. To stay ; not to fly—

A foule flight on my soldiers, nor stood fast One man of all. Chapman. \

—At the soldierly word stand, the flycis halted a little. Clatend. 13. To be placed -with regard to^ rank or order.—Amongst liquids endued, v,ith thrs quality of relaxing, warm water stands hi st. Ark. —Let this therefore stand always chief. M'atts.

14. To remain in the present state.—I will eat no flelh while the wor\dstaudetb. Cor., vijii. .13.—

And stand recorded, at their owu request. To future days a libel or a jtst. Dryden.

15. [Estar, Sparnlh.] To be in any. .particular state; to be: emphatically txpfessod.-r _ .

Tbe sea, , Aw'd by the rod of Mulct so to stands, Divided. • • 1 Milton.

I stand resisrn'd, and am prepared to go. Æn. He struck the snakes, and stood again New scx'd, and strait recovt/d into man.


—Thty expect to be favour'd, whostandnox. possessed of any one of those qualifications. Atte'b. —Some middle prices shew usinwhat proportion, the value of their I.inds stood. Arbuib.—He Ucir thcrstands in need of logick, nor uses il.'Ba/ker.— The wqrld's viilorstoodsubdu'd by sound.


—Narrow capacities frame their malignant fables accordingly, and stand detected by it. Pope. 16. Not to become void; to remain in force.—The judges, whose sentt-nce in matters of controversy he ordained should stand, oftentimes would be deceivtd. Hooker.

No conditions of our peace car.stand. Sl.ak. —My words (hall sui t!) stand against you fortvJ. Jsr. xliv. xg.—-v'y covenant than stand fail with him. Ps. lxxxix. 18. 17. To conlilt; to have its being or tsseice.—That cou.d not make him that did the service perfect, wfcichstood only in me.its and drinks. Heb. ix. 10. ii. To be with respect to ttrmr of a contract.—The hirelings stand at a certain wages. Carew. 19. To ha', e a place.— If it stand

Within the eye us honour.

My very ciicir.j's dop, Though he had bit me, should hivesteod that night

Against my fire. Shak. —This txcciiciit man,' who steed not upon the advantage-ground before, piovoktd men of all qualities. Clarendon.

From ill' armoury of God, where_,fii>.^ of old Myriad*. Milton. 10. To be in anv state at tbe time present.—

T*e This rest might yet have ba".m\] iby broken senses, ,, ,

Which_/7sl«</ in hart! curt . Slat. So it stands ^ anil this J Rat at lift. S/iai>. I now will amplify, and till what case ■ Thy houffroidstands in. CLapman. —My dtar friends, let us know ourselves, an^l how itstandetb with us. Bacoi\.—The patent, fbf> mer'y granted to Saint.-John, stand revokedClarendon.—•

Why stand we longer shivering under fears i


—As things nowst^nd with us, we have no-power to do pood. Calumy. 21. To be in a permanent state.—

The broi! doubtful long stood. Sbak. And all die bled stand fast. Mihon.

32. To be with regard to condition or fortune.—

I stand in need of one whose glories may Rrd en my crimes. Dryden.

33. To have any particular.respect.—

Here stood he in the dark,.his lharp -sword out,

Murnbung cf wicked" charms, conj'ring the moon ., ,,, ,. , ,

To stand's auspicious mistress. Sbai. —An litter uiiiuitabicncrs disobedience has to the relation which man^/wrfj in towardshis Maker. South. 24. To be without action.— A philosopher disputed with Adrian the emperor, and did it but weakly: one of his friends that stood by, slid Mcthinks you were not like ycur.

Full for the port the Iihacciistansstand, And furl their fails. Pope.

33. To have direction towards any local point.— The wand did not really //anflto the metals. BoyU.

34. To offer as a candidate.— be elec tid one of the proctors for the university. Savn* derfun. 3J. To place himself; to be placed.—

Many foolb that stand in better place. Sbak. —He was commanded by trie duke tostand Knolles.—1 stood between the Lord and you. Deui. x. 5.—Stand by when he is going. Svjiff. '36s. To fta^nnte; not to Row.—

Where Urciis glides along the lowiy lands,. Or the black water of Pomptina. stands*. Drjd,

37. To be with respect to chance.— Yourself, renowned pnn :e, then Jksd a3 fair

As any comer I hare lookM 011. ••< ■ Sbai. —.Each thinks he stand* fairest for the great l,ot» Addis.We stood tair for the siist vacancy. Rp:ve.

38. To remain satisfied.—Though Page stand so rirmiy on lus wife'} frailty, yet 1 cannot.put off my opinion so easily. 47*;j.;' he without motion. —I'll Lei I yuu who time amblcSi-witbal, who time

gallops withal Whomstands it suH withal? Sbni.

40. TV- make delay.—They shall mike but small progus,, if, in the books they read, they must stand to examine and unravel every argument-.-/.^'*- 4'To infill; to d weil withmauy words, or much pertinacity.—To stand upon every point btlongeth to the first author us the story. % Mi(C. ii. 30.-*-It Is to plain that it rreedetb not to be sto~cd uqon. Bacon. 42. To ,be. exposed Have \ lived to

sclfjatt day m argument with tjic emperor. Why, stand 'm the,taunt of one that makes fritters,of EngCaid the philosopher, would you have meconieiid I'lli? Sbai. 43.-To persist ; to perseyere^-Never with him that commands thirty iegions? Bacon, stand in a lie when thou art accused.-.TVjyter.— 35. To depend; to rest; to be supported.—Thie The emperor standing upon tbeiadya*it,age he had repiy standetb all by conjectures. Kbitegifte.—* got by the seizure of .their Sect, obliged thsox to The prcfbylirians ol the kirk, less forward 10 dc- deliver. Gulliver.—?

clare their opinion in the former point, stand upon the latter only. Sar.dcrf.~-He must by the connexion of the proofs fee ttie truth and the ground it stands on. Locke. 26. To be with regard to state us mihri.—Stand in awe and sin not. P/al. iv. 4.-—Istand in doubt of you. Gal. iv. 20. 27. To iucceed } to be acquitted; to be safe.—Readers, by whole judgment I.would stand viinll Addjsan.

38. To be with respect to any particular.—

Not to; consider in what case thoustand'st Further than he is Caesar. Sbak. I know not how it stands. . Sbak.

39. To be resolutely of a party.—Who have stood for the truth. Hooker.—r ,

. ., He w'lllstand very strong with us. Sbat. To gratify his noble service, that ll-ith thus-^a-xj tor hi* country. Sbai. 30. Tj> he 111 the place;. to be reprefintative.—

What conditions we shall stand upon? Sbak. 44. To persist in a claim, 4.5. To adhere; to abide.— ■ • r; r

l>espair wouldjx^a^ tp the sword. Daniel. 46. To be consistent.—His faithful people, whatsoever they rightly ask, the sarne shall they receive, so far as may stand with the ■ ■glory of God. Hooker.—Some instances of fortune'cannot stand with some others. Taylor.\\stood with reason that they should be rewarded liberally. Davies. —Sprightly youth and close application will hardiy/ta/n* together. P<lton. 47- To put aside with disregard.—We let the commands stand by neglectei. Decay of Piety, 48. Tostano by. To support; to aefend ; not to deserti—The asi hoped the dog would stand by him, if set upon by the wolf. L Estrange.— Come, gentlemen, you'll stand by me. Dryden.-?- Qur good works will

jngs tr ends and favourites were like casting stand by us at the hoUf:pf death. Culamy.

counters; that sometimes stood tor one, sometimes for ten. Bacon.—Whether these names -stand for the fame thing-iLacif.—Their, .language being scanty, had no words, in it to stand for 1000. Locke. ;3*..Tq remain.} to be bxeJ.—Suuid iaft in the faith. 1 Cor x-vi. Ij.—•

Ti ll time stand lix'd. Milton. 31. To hold a course at tea.—

49. To an aclanus had a design on their liberties vrhtnhestoid fir the consulship. Dennis. j2. To Stand for. To maintain; to proftss to support.—Thole which stood fir the presbytery thought their cause had irore sympathy with the discipline of Scotland, than the hierarchy of England. Bacon.— Freedom We all stand fir. Ben Jonson. 53. To Stand off. To keep at a distance.—

Stand by. To be present without being
tor.— .',

Margaret's curse is fall'n upon our heads,
Forftandmg by when Richard kill'd her son.


jo. To Stand by. To repose on; to rest in.— The world is inclined to stand by the Arundeliart marble. Pope. 51. To Stand for. To propose From the same parts of heaven his.jiivy stands- one's self a candidate.—llow niany /r<jn<jj/orcon

hrjden. fulships.' Sbak—They were jealous that ConoVol. XXI. Pae,t I. \" '1, X* Janus

Stand off, and let me take my fill of death.


14. To Stand off. Not to comply.—

Stand no more off. Sbak. S$. To Stand off. To forbear friendship or intimacy.—

Yet stand off In differences so mighty» Shot. ->-Such behaviour frights away friendship, and makes it stand off'v\ dislike. Collier.—Though nothing can be more honourable than an acquaintance with God, we stand off from it. Atterbury. j6. To Stand off. To have relief; to appear proturbant or prominent.—Picture is belt when it standeth off, as if it were carved j and sculpture is best when it appeareth so tendtr as if it were painted. IVotton. 57. To Stand out. To hold resolution; to hold a post; not to yield a point.— His spirit is come in, That so /land out against the holy church. Shai.

Pomtinius knows not you,
While you stand out. Ben "Jonson,

—They find it difficult at present to combat and stand out Against an ill practice. South.—Scarce can a good-natured man stand out against the raillery of his familiars. Rogers. 58. To Stand out. Not to comoly; to secede.—

What, art thou stiff i stand's) out? Shai. —If the ladies m.\stand out, let them rei-iember that the jury is not all agreed. Dryden. 59. To Stand-aus. To be prominent or protuberant.— Their eyes stand out with fatness. Ps. Ixxiii. 7. 60. To Stand to. To ply; to persevere.—

Stand to your tackles, mates, and stretch your oars. Dryden. 6i< To Stand to. To remain fix;d in a purpose. Make the purchase spread To both our goods if he to it will stand. Herb. -=-A still stand to it, that this is his fense. Stillingjt. 6a.' To Stand to. To abide by a contract or assertion.—I have no reason to stand to the award of my enemies. Dryden. 63. To Stand under. To undergo; to sustain.— • • The cardinal. Cannot stand under them. Shai. f>i. To Stand up. To erect one's seif; to rise from sitting. 65. To Stand up. To arise in oreljr to gain notice.—When the accusers stood up, tli ?y brought none accusation of such things as I ij;>posed. Acls, xxv. 18. 66. To Stand up. To nuke a party.—When we stood up about the corn, he himscif stuck not to call us the many-headed ■monster. Coriol. 67. To Stand upon. To concern; to interest. An impersonal tense.—

Do:s it not stand me now upon f Shai. — The-king knowing well that it stood him upon, by lo much the sooner to dispatch with the rebels. Bacon.

It stands me much-u^oa
T' enervate this objection. Hudibras.

Does it not stand them upon, to examine upon what grounds they presume it to be a revelation from God? Locke. 68. To Stand upon. To value; to take pride.—Men stand very much upon the reputation of their understandings. Tillatson. —We highly esteem and stand much upon our birth. Ray. 67. To Stand upon. To insist.—A rascally knave, to bear a gentleman in hand, and then stand upon security. Shai.

(a.) * To Stand, V. a. z. To endure; to resist without flying or yielding.—

None durst stand him. Shot. Love stood the siege. Dryden. So had I stood the (hock of angry fate. Smith. He stood the furious foe, the timid friend, The damning critick. Pope. a. To await; to abide; to suffer.— Bid him disband the legions, And stand the judgment of a Roman senate.


3. To keep; to maintain with ground.

Turning at the length, be stood his ground,

And miss'd his friend. Dryden.

(1.) * STANDARD, n. J. [estendart, French.] 1. An ensign in war, particularly the ensign of the horse.—

II13 armies, in the following day, On those fair plains their standards proud display, Fairfax. Erect the standard there of ancient night.


Behold Camillus loaded home, With standards well redeem'd. Dryden. To their common standard they repair. Dryd. 1. [From stand.} That which is of undoubted authority; that which is the test of other things of the fame kind.—The dogmatist proclaims his judgment the fittest intellectual standard. Glanv. —The heavenly motions are both originals and standards. Holder.—Our measures of length, I cannot call standards; for standard measures must be certain and fixed. Holder.—When people have brought right and wrong to a false standard, there follows an envious malevolence. L'Estrange.—The Romans made those times the standard of their wit. Spratt.—From these ancient standards I descend to our own historians. Felton.—When I shall ptopose the standard whereby I give judgment, any man may easily inform himself of the measure of it. Wood-ward.—The court which used to be the standard of propriety, ever since continued ihe worst school in England. Szuifi.

First follow nature, and your judgment frame By her just standard. Pope.

3. That which lus been tried by the proper test. —The English tongue, if refined to a certain standard, perhaps might be fixed for ever. Szoifi.

Imprint on ev'ry act it3 standard worth. Prior.

4. A settled rate.—That precise weight and fineness, by law appropriated to the pieces of each denomination, is called the standard. Lode.—The device of King Henry VII. was profound in making farms of a standard, that is, maintained with such a proportion of lands as may breed a subject to live in plenty. Bacon.—A standard might be made, under which no horse should be used for draught. Temple.—By tbe present standard of the coinage, sixty two shilling? are coined out of one


pound weight of silver. Arbutbnot. $■ A standing ing to distinguish himself from the herd, becomes • stem or tree.—A standard of a damask rose with a Handing object of raillery. Addifon.—The com. the root on, was set upright in an earthen pan, mon standing rules of the gospel are a more powfull of fair water, half a foot under the water, the erful means of conviction than any miracle. Atstandard being more than two feet above it. Ba- lerbwy-

ton.—Phnt fruit of all forts and standard. Evelyn. Great standing miracle that Heav'n assign'd! —In France part of their gardens is laid out for Its only thinking thing this turn of mind. Pope. Cower?, others for fruits; some standards, some a. Lasting; not transitory.—The landlord had against walls. Temple. worked up his complexion to a standing crimson.

(».} Standard, in war, is a fort of banner or Addifon. 3. Stagnant: not running.—He turned flag, carried as a signal for joining together the the wilderness into a standing water. Pf. evii.— several troops belonging to the fame body. This made their stowing shrink

(3.) Standard, in commerce, the original of a From standing take to tripping ebb. Milton. weight, measure, or coin, committed to the keep- 4. Fixed; not moveable.— ing of a mag strate, or deposited in some public His standing bed and truckle bed. Shak. place, to regulate, adjust, and try the weights u- (*.) * Standing, n. /. [from stand.] 1. Gonfed by particular persons in traffic. See Money, tinuance; long possession of an office, character,

(4.) Standard, adj. is used among goldsmiths or place.—Nothing had been more easy than to syoot.imously with Sterling; thus Standard or command a patron of a long standing. Dryden.Sterling gild or fiver, means gold or silver of equal This tract of land is as old, aud is of as long a purity with the fold or silver coin of Great Bri- standing as any upon the continent of Africa, tain. Wood-ward.—I wish your fortune had enabled you,

* Stasdardbearer. n.f. [standard and bear.] to have continued in the university, till ycu were One who bears a standard or ensign.—They shall of ten years standing. Swift, a. Station; place be as when a standardbearer fainteth. {fa. x. 18.— to stand in.—Such ordnance as he brought with These are the slandarbearers in our contending him did only beat down the battlements, and armies, the dwarfs and squires who carry the 1m- such little standings. Knolles.—I will provide you presses of the giants cr knights. Spectator. a good standing to fee his entry. Bacon. 3. Pow

* STANDCROP. n.f. [icrmicularis, Lat.] An er to stand.—I sink in deep mire, where there is herb. Ainfwortb. ao standing. Psalm ixix. 4. Rank; condition.

» STANDEL. n. f. [from stand.] A tree of * STANDkSH. a. / [stand and dish.] A cafe long standing.—The Druidians were nettled to fee for pen and ink.—Should the government be overthe princely standel of their royal oak return with turned he hath nothing to lose but an old star.a branch of willows. Howtl. difli. Addifon.—I bequeath to Pean Swift, JElq.

STANDENHEIM, a town of Germany, in the my large silver standifh, consisting of a large silver circle of the Upper Rhine, and late county of plate, an ink-pot, aud a sand-box. Swift,, '. Salm, now included in the French empire, and STANDLOW, or ) a town in Hertfordshire, dep. of the Rhine and Moselle: 9 miles WSW. of. STANDON, 5 w'tn a market on Eriday j Creutznach, and 31 N. of Deux Ponts. 8 miles NE. of Hertford, and ^^ N. of London.

* STANDER. n.f. [from stand.] I. One who Lon. o. c. E..Lat. 51. 56. N.

stands. ». A tree that has stood long.—The fair- STANEMORE, a barren district of Weftmoreest slanders of all were rooted up and cast into the land, in the E. corner of the county. It has retire. Afchum. 3. Stander by. One present; a lies of Kerecross, an ancient boundary between mere spectator.—Explain some statute of the land Scotland and England, set up wbeu Cumberland to the ttanders by. Hooker.— belonged to the former.

I would not be a stander by to hear STANES, or Staines. See Staines.

My sovereign mistress clouded so. Shak. (1.) * STANG. n.f. [stæng, Sax.] A perch.—

—When a gentleman is disposed to swear, it is These fields were intermingled with woods of half not for any slanders by to curtail his oaths. Shak. a slang. Swift.

The slanders by lee clearly this event. Denh. (i.)stang, a town of Norway, 14 miles N. —The slanders by suspected her to be a duchess, of Berga.

Addifon. (3.) Stang , a river of Sweden, in E. Gothia.

* Standercrass. n.f. [fatyrion, Latin.] An (1.) STANHOPE, George, D. D. an eminent herb. Ainfwortb. divine, born at Hertilhorn in Derbyshire, in 1660.

(i.)STANDIA, an island in the Mediterranean; His father was rector of that place, vicar of St. jo miles N. of Candia. Margaret's church in Leicester, and chaplain to

Ca.) Standia, a town of European Turkey, in the earls of Chesterfield and Clare. His grnndfaMacedonia; 56 mil's SSE. of Edessa. thcr to Dr .George Stanhope was chaplain to

(1.) • STANDING.part. adj. [from stand.[ 1. James I. and Charles I.; chancellor, canon restSettled; established; not temporary.—Standing dentiary, and a prebend of York, and was rector armies have the place of subjects. Temple.— of Weldrake. He was for his loyalty driven from

All the standing army of the sky. Dryden. his home with eleven children; and died in 1644. —Money being looked upon as the standing mea- Our author was tent to school, first at Uppingsure of other commodities, men consider it as a ham in Rutland, then at Leicester; afterwards restanding measure, though when it has varied its moved to Eaton ; and thence chosen to King's colquantity, it is not so. Locke.—Thus doth he ad- lege in Cambridge. He took the degree o(B. A. in ▼ise them to erect among themselves standing courts 1681; A.M. 16,58; was elected minister of Qoi by consent. £>«/rwe/7£.—Such a one, by pretend- Bear Cambridge, and vice-proctor 1688; and rec

X X a tor tot ofTiiug in Hertfordshire-, l e was in appointed vicar us I.ewifriRrh, its Kent, by Lord Dartmouth, to whom he hid been chaplain: He was also appointed'ChapliHi to William and Mary, rind continued under queen Anne. He commenced 1>. I). July 5th, 1697; and was ma^f vicar of Dtptf.ird, and dean of Canterbury in 1703; thrice chosen prolocutor of the lower house of t onvocation, He was endowed ivith excellent parts and acquired a Targe stock of learning, with tar -purest diction, and a just elocution. The chatacterof-the Christian and the gentleman,.in imn were happily united. He died March 181 h x 728, aged 68. The dean was twice married: 1. to'Olivia Cotton, by whom he had one son and four'daughters c i.'to 1 sifter of Sir Charles Wa£er, who survived hin,, tiil Oct. ift 1730, aped 54. One of his daughter* wai married to a son ot bishop Burner.. His writings' are, A P.naplirase and Comment upon the Jipistles anrt Gospel;, 4 vo.n, 1705, fcvo: Sermons at Boyle's Lectures, 1706, 4to; 15 Sermons, 1700, 8vo. 12 Sermons, 1727, 8*0. Parson's Christian Directory, 1716, 8vo: A Funeral Sermon on Mr Richard Stare bookseller, 1714, 4to: 10 Sermons, between 1691' and" 1174. Private Prayers transited fiom the On-ek of Bp. Andrews, with Additions, 1733. II- also published editions of Epictetus, Thoma« a Kernpis, and Rochefoucault.

(«.)stanho?e, Philip-Dormer, earl of Cr-tEfTerejeld, was born in 1C95, Rnd educated*in Trinity-hali, Cambridge; which place he left in j 714, when, by his own account, he wap an absolute pedant. In this character he went abroad, where a familiarity with good company soon ban^ vinced him he was totally mistaken' in almost all his notions: and an attentive-study of the air manner, an J address of the-peoole of fashion, soon polished a man whose predominant desire was to please j and who, as- it afterward appeared, valued exterior-accomplilhments beyond any other human acquirement. While Lord Stanhope, he got an early feat in parliament; and in 1722, sue* ceeded to his fatherls estate and titles. -In 17:8, and in 1745. he was appointed ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary to Holland: which high aharacter he supported with the greatest dignity; serving his own country, and gaining the t-fteem of the states general. Upon his return from Hoilarid, he wa» sent lord lieutenant of Ireland; and during his administration there, (rave general satisfaction to all parties. He left Dublin in 174^, and in October succeeded the earl of Harrington as secretary of state, in which post he officiated until Feb. 6th 1748. Being seized with a deafness hi 1751 that incapacitated him for the pleasures of society, he from that time led a private-arrd retired life, amusing-himself v/ilfi books aiid his pen; in particular, he engaged largely as

1689 cjuent a speech in the house, that every one Mt pleased. Lord Macclc^fieid, one of the greatest mjithematiciaris* in Europe, and who had a principal hand in framing the bill, spoke Afterwards, with-all the clearness that a-thorough knowledge of the subject -could dictate; but not having a Row of words equal to Lord CSesteiiiild, the latter gained th- applause from the- former. The high character Lord Chesterfield supported during fife, received no small injury soem aster h's death, from a fuller display of it by hi" own hand. H* left no issue by his lady, but had a natural son, Philip Stanhope, Esq. whose education was for many years a close object of his attention, and who was afterward envoy extraordinary at the court of Dresden, but died before him. When Lord Chetterrivld died, Mr Stanhope's widow published a course of letters written by the father to the son, filled with'instructions suitable to the different gradations of the young man's life, to whom they were addressed. These letters contain many tine observitions on mankind, and rule* ofrouduct; but it is observable that he hys a greater stress on exterior accomplishments and address than on intellectual qualifications and sincerity; and ahows greater latitude to fashionable pleasures than food morals will justify, especially in paternal instructions. Hence the celebrated Dr Samuel Johnson justly observed of these letters, that " they inculcate only the moral? of a whore, with the manners of a dancing master."

(3.) STANfio'PE, in geography", a town of England, in Durham, near Weardale, with a market on Tuesday; 10 ir.iles W. of Durham, and 264 N. by W.- of London. Lon. 2. o. W. Lat. 54. 48. N.

(1.) STANISLAUS Leczinslci, king of Poland, was born at Leopold the 20th of October 1677; Hi« father was a Poiish nobienun, distinguished

by his rant and the im portant offices which bt held, but still more by his firmness and courage, Stanislaus was sent ambassador in T7C4 by the assembly of Warsaw to Charles XII. of Sweden, who had conquered Poland, lie was at that tirre; 27 years old, was general as Great Poland, and had been ambassador extraordinary to theGrand Signior in 1699, fcturles was so delighted with the frankness und sincerity os his deportmenr, and with the firmness and sweetness which appeared in his counti nance, that he gave him the crown of Poland, and ordered him to be crowned at Waifaw in 1765. He accompanied Charles XII: into Saxony, where a treaty was concluded with King Augustus in 1 705, by which that prince resigned the crpwn, and, acknowledged Staniflatu kmg of Poland. (See Poland, £21.)' The new monatch remained \n Saxony w*ifh Charles tin" 1707, when they returned into Poland and attacked the Russhns,. whom they obliged to evacuate that kingdom in i~o?.. But Charl-s being -lefeat

* volutter in a periodical miseeilaneons paper ca! - ed bv Peter the Great in 1709, Augustus returned

led The WarU, in which his contributions have'a into Pohrid, and being assisted by a Russian army;

distinguished degree of excellence. Hedie'Hn obliged St inishus to retire first into Sweden, and

1*773, leaving a character for wit and abilities thai afterwards into Turkey. S ion after he took up

bad few equals. He distinguished himself by his tois rrlkb-nce at Weilsenbur^, in Alsace.' Augus


tii Oik- ut .lii* letters to his sons- be. made so cio» that France has always been the afjlum'of unhap1

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