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f lowr than the lower. It has vast strength in the tail, ami can strike with great force; so that th- sailors instantly cut it off with ar, axe as soon as they draw one on board. The pectoral tins very large, which enables it to swim with great swHtnes*. The colour of the whole body and fins is a light ash. The ancients were acquainted with this fish ; and Oprjtan ghxs a long and entertaining account of its capture. Their fish is sometimes eaten, but is esteemed course. They are the dread of the sailors in ail c imates, where they constantly attend the ships in expectation of what may drop over-board: a has that misfortune, perishes without redemption. A master of a Guinea ship informed Mr Pennant, that a rage of suicide prevailed among his new-ISottgfit Saves, from a notion the unhappy creatures Iih;4, that after death they should be restored again to their families, friends, and country. To convince them at least that they should not reanimate their bodies, he ordered one of their corpses to be tied by the heels to a r.-pe and lowered into the sea ; and though it was drawn up again as fast as the united force of the crew could be exerted, yet in that short space the sharks had devoured every part but the feet, which were secured at the end of the cord. Swimmers very often periih by them; sometimes they lose an arm or a leg, ard sometimes are bit quite asunder, serving but for two morsels for this ravenous animal : a melancholy tale of this kind is related in a West Ind'a ballad, preserved in Dr Percy's- Reiics of ancient English poetry. This species inhabits the abyss of the ocean, and only appears on the surface when allured by its prey, ft is the most voracious of all ai.imals, not even it is said spiring its own offsprine, an.! often swallowing its prey entire. This is probably the species of fish, that swallowed the prophet Jonah ; for a whale it could not be, without an additional miracle. Sec Jonah.

7. Squalus C'atulus, th?smaller d*g-fish, has a Urge hea'; the pupil of the eyes is black ; the "•is- white: the shout is of a bright hue; the month, f ich is large, is situated between the nostrils, •Witt ii armed with four rows of teeth, serrated with three points bent inwards; those m the middle between the two mandibles are longer than the rest. The tongue is broad and smooth; the spincles are five ; the back is tapering and yellowish; the sides are somewhat compressed ; the tail longer than the body, and the caudal fin is narrow and margin aterl; the anterior anal and dorsal fins are behind the ventral ; the posterior dorsal fins is opposite to the anal. They inhabit the Mediterranean, Northern, and Indian Ocean, and are 2 or 3 feet long. •

8. Squalus Centrina, the humantin.

9. Squalus C1NEREUS, or th; perlon.

10. Squalus CiRRATUS, the curledstark.

11. Squalus Co&nubius, th' Pur-beagle, or Jfrnumaru Jhart.

12. SqUALUS Fernandinus, the FernattiUtte stark. This soecies swarm near Juan Fernandez.

i t. Squalus Galeus, the Tope.

14. Squalus Glaucus, the blue shark, is about 7 feet long. The colour of the back is a sine bbi-; t!"e belly a silvery white; the hta.l is flat; lie cj Je snail and roundish; thr teeth are almost

triangular, elongated, ard pointed, but not fe*r> rated. The anus is very near the tail; th." anterior dorsal fin is situated before the ventral firr, ab< ut the middie of the body, and is almost tr angular; the posterior dorfil Sn is equal to the an.ll ftri, and is placed nearer the tail; the pectoral fins are large, long, and marginated; ar.d the ventral are biue above and wtlite beiow; the Caud 'l is blue, divided into two lobes, of which the superior is much longer than the inferior lobe. This'pceics is frequent in evi-ry sea, and u tierce y bat not '-cry destructive in our seas. Ij. Squalus Griseus, theGriset. '16. Squalus Indicus, the Indian shark, abounds in the Indian ocean.

17. Squalus has a wrir.tly spotted skin, and the anterior dorsal fin i= perpendicular to the abdominal fins. Tlje body is Rat; the head lliort, Targe, and obtuse. The teeth are dispose'* in fix rows, compassed short, anl triangniar, hiving a notch on each tide of their bases. The eyes are funk ; the iris is of a copper colour, and the pupil is black and oblong. The fin3 of the back are- almost square 1 the caudal fin is divided into two lol es, and the lateral line i* parallel to the bark. The upper p-irt of the body is of a reddish ath-coh ur, with blackish- spo-s disposed irregularly. The under part i? of a dirty white hue. This species is found near New Zealand, and is about z\ feet long.

18. Squalus Kr/MALi's, the Kumal.

19. Squalus Longicaud'us, the lang-tailed stark.

10. Sqt'At-Us Massasa, the Majfsa.

21. Squalus Maximus, the bossing /bark, or the fun-fish of the Iiifli. (See plate CCCXVIIT. fig. 3.) This foecies has been long known to the inhabitants of the S. and W. of Ireland an^ Srotland, and those of CaerHsrveinfhire and Anglesei v but is described by no English writer except Mr Pennant; and has been mistaken for ard confounded with the luna of Rondeletiu«, which English writers call the sun-fish. The Irish and Welsh give it the same name, from its tying as if to ft'n itself on the surface of the water ; and for the fame reason Mr Pennant calls it the basking (hark. It was ion<» taken for a species e>f whale, til! Mr Pennant pointed out the bionchial orifices on t* e (ides, and the pt-rpendictrlariite of the tail. These arc migratory fish; in a certain number of years they arc seen in multitueles on the Welsh seas, though in most summers a single strayed filh appears. They inhabit the northern fe.ic, even as high as the arctic circle. They visited the br.yg of Caernarvonshire and Anglefea in vast shoals in the summers of 1756, and a few fucceedins yeas.*, continuing there only the hot months; for they quitted the coast about Michaelmas. These fillv visited these seas in vast numbers about 50 years aro. TI.ey apoear in the Frith of Clyde, and among the Hebrides, in Jin c. in small droves of 7 or 8, hut ot'tener in pairs. They continue in thole seas till the end of July. They have nothing of the fierce and voracious nature of the shark kirn', and are so tame as to suffer themselves to be stroked; they generally lie motionless on the sutfacc, commonly on their bc'lic-s, but on their backs. Their food seems to consist entire!)' <<f

sea plants,-a remains oi fish being ever discover- spiracles five ed in she stomachs of numbers that were cut up, except fame gretn stuff', the half ch^t-sted paits of alg;:, and Lmnaius says they feed on mcduiæ. At certain tinnes, they are seen sporting on the waves, ami leaping with vast agility several feet out of the water. They swim veiy dthberatelr, with the dorsal fins above water. Their length is from j to 12 yards, and sometimes ionger. Thefr sunn is rather slender. The upper jaw is much lender than the lower, and blunt at the end. The tail is very large, and the upper part remaika'oly longer than the lower. The upper part of the body is of a deep leaden colour ; the belly white. Tie (kin is rough like shagreen, but less so on the beily. In the mouth, towards the throat, is a very short sort of whale-bone. The liver is of a creat size, hut that of the female is the largest ; scme weigh abovc|iooo poum's, and yield a great quantity of pure and sweet oil, sit for lamp's, ,i»d also much used to cure, burn', and rheumatic Complaints. A large risk hai afforded to the capters a profit of 20'. They are viviparous ; a ycur.g one about afoot in length being found in the belly of a fish of this kind. One found dead on the shore of Loch Uanza in the isle cf Arran, measured as follows: The whole length, 27 sett 4 inches; first dorsal I'm, 3 feet; second, 1 foot ; pectoral sin, 4 feet; vein tral, 2 feet; the upper lobe of the tail, f feet; the tower, 3. They will permit a- boat to follow them, without acceleratiiii; their motion till it Comes almost w ithin contact when a harponeer ftr:!;e£ hi3 weapon into them, a» near to the gills as poifible. But they are oft<n fo insensible as not to move till the united strength of two men have forced in the harpoon deeper. As soon as they perceive themselves wounJed, they fling up their tail, and plung headlong into the bottom; and frequently coil the robe round them in their agonies, attempting to disengage the harpoon by rolling on the ground, fr it is often found greatly bent. As soon as they discover that their efforl3 are in Tain, thry swim away with amazing rapidity, and with su-li violence, that there has boen an instance of a vessel of 70 tons having been towed away agarnst a fresh -gale. They sometimes run off with 200* fathoms of line, and with two harpoons in them ;. and will employ the fishers tor n, and som-t'Tits for 24 homs, before they are subdued. When killed, they ait either hauled on shore, or, if at a dista-nce from land, to the vessel's fide. Tlie fiver (the only useful part,) is fasten out, and melted into oil in kettles. A large fiih will y'eld X barrels of oil, and 7. of sediment.

22. ScjUAL-os Mustelus, the smooth bound Jbark.

Ij. ScjUALUS OCELtATUS, the OecHc.

14. Squalus Pristis, the sole, or saiu-ssh, is sometimes Ij seet long, smooth, black on the upper parts, ash coloured on the sides, and white underneath. The head is Oat and conical; the beak or snout projecting from the nose is aboi;t 5 teet long, covered with a coriaceous skin, and armed on each side, generally with 24 long, strong, and sharp-pointed teeth; bat the number

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The anterior dorsal sin coyrerBOndr

to those of the b -IIy; the posterior is situated iu the middle, between the former and apex of the tail; the pectoral fins are broad and long; the caudal is ihorterthan in the other species. It inhabits all the seas from Greenland to Brazil: and is found also in the Indian Ocean. It is harmless.'

25. Squalvs Spinajc, the sagre, ox picked Jogfflj, takes its name from a strong and sharp spine placed just before each of th« hack-fiiis, distinguishing it at <,nce from the reft of the British shaiks. The nose is long, and extends greatly beyond the mouth, but is blunt at the end. The teeth are disposed in two rows, are small and sharp, and bend from the middle of each jaw towards the corners of the mouth. The back is of a brownish ash-colour ; the belly white. It grows to the weight of about zoib. This species swarou on the coasts of Scot.and, where it is taken, split, and dried ; and Is a food among the common people. It forms a fort of inland commerce, beirg carried on womens backs 14 or 16 miles up' the country, and fold or exchanged for necessaries.

46. So,ualus Spinosus, the loueh, orspinoui shark.

27. S<2ualus Squamosus, the ecaiileux, of seals shark.

28. Sg,UAL'Js Squatina, the angel-fish, or rather Devil Fisli, is from d. to S feet long, has 1 large head; teeth broad at their base, but slender and very slurp above, and disposed in five row9 ail round tiie jaws. Like those of all shares, they are capable of being raisei or depressed by mean* of muscles uniting them to the jaws, not being lodged in sockets as the teeth of cetaceous siih> arc. The back is of a pale ash-colour,, and very rouih -r along the middle is a prickly tubereulated line: the belly ii white and fmoath. The pectoral fins are very large, and extend horizontally from the body to a g-eat distance ; they have some resemblance to wings, whence its name. The ventral fins are placed in the fame manner, and the double penis ia placed in them j which* forms another character of the males in this genus. This species connects the genus of rays and sharks, partaking somewhat of the character of both; yet it is an exception to each in the situation of the mouth, which Is> placed at the extremity of the head. It ii pretty frequent cn m-tt of our coasts, where it prowls about for prey. It is extremely voracious; and feeds on flounder* and fl it fish, which keep at the bottom of the water. It is exce ding fierce, and dangerous to be approached. Mr Pennant men'ions a filh.rmaA whose leg was terribly tore by a large one of this species, which lay within his nets in shallow water, and which he went to lay hold of incauti ;usly. ■ The aspect of these, as well as the rest of the genus, have much malignity i;i thorn -r their eyes ^re oblong, and- placed lengthwise in their head, funk in it, and overhung by the skin, and seem fuller of malevolence than sue. T.' eiv skin is very rough ; the aneients made use of it to poliih wood and ivory, as we do at present that of the greater dog-siib.. The flesh \> now but litt'c esteemed on accum: of its coarseness and raiihnesc; ye; ArchestTM'us (asquoted by A;!icr..£us. p. 31).) sicakiv.£ of the silh of Mi It L us, £hcj lluo the place,

1.1 In respect to delicacy, ot the whole carti!agincus directed downwards j the iris is of a golden co'.

tribe. They grow to a great size; being fame- lour; the mouth is arched, and near the begin

times near in hundred weight. ning of the trunk. It has a horrible appearance

19. ScjUALUs Stkllaris, the greater eat-ssli. from the teeth, which are arranged in 3 or 4 rowsj

The head is marked with points ; the abdominal and are broad pointed, a^d ferreted on both

fins are united and (harp at the apex; the dorsal sides. The tongue is thick, broad, and like a

sins extend almost to the tail; the Ikin is reddish, man's. The trunk is iong and tapering: the fiii3

marked with black spots of different sizes, and is are semicircular on the margin, and hlack at the;

of a dirty ash colour below. It is from 2 to 6 basis; the ventral fins are separate; the anal aid

feet long; resembles the Canicula, (N° 5.) but posterior dorsal fins are snail; the anterior dorsal

is distinguiihtd by larger and fewer spot , by a fin is large, and near the head; the caudal is

snout somewhat longer, a tail somewhat shorter, long. This species inhabits the Mediterranean

and nostrils almost shut. The female brings forth Sea and the I Ocean. It is one of the most

19 or 20 young at a time. They inhabit the En- voracious of the whole tribe. See pi. 318.fig. 6.

ropean seas, living chiefly on shell hfh, molhiscre, SQUAM, a lake of New Hamplbire, in Staf

and other small tithe-. The dorsal tins are equal; ford and Grafton counties, between Rattlesnake

the anterior one being behind t1 e rrirfdlc of the and R^rl Mountain; 5 rinks long, and 4 broad,

body, and the posterior one being a little behind SQUAMARIA, in botany. See Lathræa.

the anal. SQUAMOSA Radix. See Botany, Glossary.

30. Squalus Tiburo, the pantcufiier of Brou* SQUAMOSE, adj. See the next articic. Jonet. '(I.) * SQUAMOUS. „Ji. [sqmmew, Litin.l

31. Squalus TiGRiNUsis about y feet long; Scaly; covered with scales'".—The fta was replcthe body is long, of unequal thickness, black, in- nifhed with fish, of the cartilaginous and squamese terspersed with white stripes and spots, irregularly kinds. Woodward.—Thus.- gaiis arid bads aie proand transversely. The head is large; the mouth duced, in the gems of oak, which may be called low and transverse, the upper jaw having two squamous oik cones. Derbam.

curls; the upper lip is thick and prerrinent; there (2.) S.»'jamous, in anatomy, an epithet appli

are 5 spiracles on each side, the two last being ufl- ed to the spur:ous or faise sutures of the skulls

ited so as to give the appearance only of 4, the because composed of squama;, or scales lil« those

mandibles are armed with very small pointed offidics.

teeth; the tongue is short and thick ; the eyes * To SQUANDER, ti. a. [ t'erfchvjenden, Tvu

small a:.d; the pupil azure coloured; the tonick.j 1. To scatter lavishly; to spend pro

iris black. T^e abdomen is broad; the pectoral fuseiy; to throw a.vay in idle prodigality.—We

fins are broad, and rounded at the extremity, squander away some part of our fortune at pi*y.

The anterior dorsal is opposite to the ventral fin?, Alterbary.—-They often squander d, but they never

and the Dotterior dorsal fin to the anal. The tail gave. Savage.—Insinuate how great a fortune you!

is compressed on both fides, and the fin which brought, and how little you aie al.o>ved losquari

terminates it is hollow. They are found in the der. Suiift.— »

Indian Ocean, and live chiefly on shell fish. See To squander some, and some to hide agen.

plate 318, jig. 4, and j. Pope.

32. Squ.ilvs Yclpes, the sa-fox, is most re- —True fiends would rather fee such thoughts a* rnarkable for the length of its tail, the bedy they communicate only to one another, than being about 7 feet, and the tail 6 feet long. The wr«t th-.-y squander. Pope.—How uncertain it is head is short ar.d conical; the eyes are large; the whether we shall have power or inclination to jaws are armed in a dreadful manner with three improve them better than those we now squander rows of triangular, compressed, and pointed teeth; away. Rogers. 2. To scatter; to dissipate; to the tongue is blunt; the lateral line is straight, disperse.—Other ventures he hath squandered aThe antei dorsal fin is placed about the midd'e broad. Sbak.

Of the back; the posterior, which consists of two Tne troops w*sqttander'd first, again appear

pointed lobes, is opposite to the anal fin ; tlie ven- From fev'ral quarter". Drjden.

tral fins are very nt ar ore another ; the anal is acu- Our squandered troops he rallies. JJr/,1.

minaredj the infeiior lobe of the tail is about a * SQUANDERER, n. s. [from squander.] A

foot lorg; the upper, which is shaped like a spendthrift; a prodigal; a waiter; a lavishir.—

scythe, is j times longer. This species inhabits the Pltnty in their own keeping teaches them to be

Mediterranean, the coast of Scotland and ^England, slanderers and wasters. Lode.

It is covered with I'm.ill scales; its back i, ath- SQUARCIONE, Francis, an eminent Italian

coloured, belly whitilh. It is extremely veraci- painter, born in 1394. He formed his taste on ti e

ous. The ancients styled this fish 4 and siiust ai>tique». For that pmpose he travelled in

•vu set, trom i s fuppoled cunning. Tiey be'.iev- to Greece, where he copied the iciics cf antiqu!

ed, that when it had the misfortune to ha\e taken ty. On his return to Italy, he obtained the high

a bait, it swallowed t! e hook till it ^' t at the eft reputation, in so much, that he was tided the

cord, w'lich it hit off, and so escaped. fother of painting. II. died in 1471.

33. Si'UALUs iVGANA, the mnrtrau, or ba- (1.) SQUARE, adj. [ji/giuir, Welsh; quadlance-fijh, is frequently 6 feet long, a"d weighs rasas, Latm.| I. CorncreJ; h.,ivi"g right angle«. joolbs. The head is elongated on each side; the —Ali the doors and posts wcrejqi-jre. Kin~s.— fore part is bent back, and convex both above The Itra "hi looks crookeiJ, .,ud tr.e square and be'ow. At the ex tremities of the-elongated grows round. i'r.c. part are the eyes, wl.ii_h are large, prominent, axid 2. For.umg a rigi:t angle.—Thii instrument 1. t-r

ftviitifi g Vines/quarr to other lines. Moxon. 3. Corntred; having angles of whatever content; ait three square, five squire.—

Catching up in haste his three square shield.


—The ciavicie is a crooked bone, in the figure of an S, one end of which being thicker and almost tbreesquare, is inserted intn the first bone os the fternon. Wiseman. 4. Parallel; exactly suitable. —Sbe'st a nioft triumphant lady, if report be square to her. Shak. c. Slrong; stout; well set: as., asqua.e man. 6. Equal ; exact ; honest; fair: a,squaie dealing.—

. For those that were, it is not square to take

Ou those that are, levenge. Shai. 7. [In geometiy.] Square root of any number is that which, multiplied by itself, produces the spiare, as 4 in the square root of 16; because 4X4=16: and likewise 6 the square root of 36, as 6X6=.i6.

(».) * Square- n.s. [quadra^ Latin.] 1. A figure with right angles and equ.,1 fide—

Ti.en did a sharped spire of diamond bright,

Ten fttt each way \n square appear to me.


Raio'tt of grassy turf thf :r table was; And on her amclc square from side to side All Autumn pd'd. Milton. a. An area of four (ides, with houses on each side. —The statue of Alexander VII. stands in the iarge sqiare of the to*n. jiidifan. 3. Content of an angle.—In rectangle triang.-'s the sq'iare which is made of the side that fubtendeth the right angie, »«tqual to the squares which are made of the fi les, containing the right angle. Biozun. 4. A rule or instrument by which workmen measure or form their angles. 5. Rule; regularity; exAi\ proportion ; justness of workmanship or conduct. Not now much used.—In St Paul's ti re the integrity of Rome was famous: they of Galatia much more out of square. Hooker.—The whole ordinance of that government was at first tVtl plotted, and canit more out of square. Spenser.

I have not kept my square. Shak. —Nothing so much setuth 4hi3 art of infijence out of square and ruie as education. Raleigh. 6. Squairon; troops formed square. Nat now in use.—

The h/ave squares of war. Shak.
Our superfluous lacquey? and our peasants,

Who in unnecessary action swarm

About our squares of battle. Shak. 7. A square number is when another called its roots can be exactly found, which multiplied by itseif produces the square. The following exampie is not accurate.—

Advance thy golden mountains to the skies,

On the broad base of fifty thousand rise;

Add one round hundred, and, if that's not fair,

Add fifty more, and bring it to a square. Pope. ?. Quaternion; number fom. Though perhaps iu the following lines, square may mean only catacit/.—

. I profess Myself an enemy to all other joys Which the most precious square of fense pos'fcssci. Shak,

9. Level; equality.—A rich man that converses upon the square with a poor man, shall certainly undoe him. L' Estrange.

We live not on the square with such. Dryd.

10. Quartile; the astrological situation of planets, distant ninety degrees trom each other.—

In sextiie,square, and tnne and opposite Of noxious efficacy. Milton.

11. Rule; conformity. A proverbial use,—1 shall break no squares. VEstrange. 12. Squares go. The game proceed*. Chcishoards being full -of squares.—One frog looked about him to lee how squares went with their new king. VEstrange.

(3.) Squars, in geometiy, a quadrilateral figure both equilateral and tquiangular. See GeoMetry.

(4.) SftUAlE, among mechanics, an instrument confining of two rules or branches, fastened perpendicularly at one end ol their extremities, so as to form a right angit. It is of great use in the dc. feription and mensuration of ri^ht angles, and laying down perpendicular?.

(5.) Square, Hollow, in the military art, a hotly of foot drawn uo with an empty space in the middle, for the colours, drums, and baggage, faced and covered by the p.tea every way, to keep off the horse.

{6.) Square Root. See Algebra, Parti Chap. IV. and Arithmetic, Index.

(7.) Square T. See T.

(1.) * To Square, -j. a. \quadro, 'L\\.. from the noun.) I. To form with right angles. 2. To reduce to a square.—

Circles to square, and cubes to double,

Wdu'd give a man excessive trouble. Prior.

3. To measure; to reduce to a measure.—

Stubborn critick.% apt, without a theme For depravation, to square ai! the sex By Ci tllid's rule. Shah

4. To adjust: to regulate; to mould; to shape.

I wdl hesquar'd by this. Shak.

How frantickly \jquarc my taik! Shak.

Thou'rt said to have a stubborn foul, Kn&squarjl thy life accordingly. Shak. —Only to square and fashion our hard and stubborn hearts. Boyle.—God has designed us his word and law, by the proportions whereof we are to square our actions. Decay os Piety.—Tht tirade wai inForced to proclaim Socrates the wisest man in the world, because he applied his studies to the squaring men's lives. HammtnJ.

For this by rules severe his use he squai 'H.


—This must convince .VI such who have presumed to square opinions by their3. Savist. $• To accommodate; to fit.—

Eye me, blest providence, and square my trial To my proportion'd strength. Milton. —S.ime professions can equally square themselves to ail revolutions of government. South. 6. To respect in quartile.—

The icy goat and crab that square the scales.


(i.) * To Square, -v. n. 1. To suit with; to fit with.—

I set them by the rule, and, as they square, Or deviate frorr. uudoubted doctrine, tare.

JJryden. ills

—Ws description squares exactly to lime. Wtjod-
uoard.—These marine bodies do not square with
those opinions. Woodward. 1. To quarrel; to
go to opposite fi le?. Obsolete.—
Arc you such fools

To square for this? Sbak.
But th~y do square. Sbak.

'* SQUARENESS, n. / [from ,q-<are] The Irate or being ftj'iare.—Try the squareness of their work. Moxon.—Motion, squareness, or any particular shape, are the accidents ot body. Watts.

SQUARl-RlsiRFD, ads. {rq'iare and Wif.) an epi'het applied to a (hip whose yards are very Jcnc. Jt is also used in contradistinction to all vessels whose faill are extendid4-y stays or lateenyards, or by booms and gaffs; the usual situation of which ij nearly m the plane of the kce»; and hence,

Sqvare Sait., is a fail extended to a yard ■which hangs parallel to the horizon, as diitin^uifhcrt trum the oth-r fails which are txtended by booms and stays p>aced obliquely. This fai-1 is only in'd in'fair winds, or to lend under in a tempest. In the former cafe, it is furnished with a large additional part called the bonnet, :ivhich is then attached to its bottom, and removed when it is necessary td SCUD. See Scudding.

* SQUASH, n.f. [from quash.] i. Any thing soft and easily crushed.—Not yet old enough for s man, nor young enough for a boy, as a sqimsh is before ft is a peascod. Shale. I. [Mchptpo.) A plmt. M'n'ler.Squash Is an Indian kind ot punpion that grows aoace. Boyle. 3. Any thing tinripe; any thing soft. In contempt.—

How I ke I then was to this kernel, "Th\* squash, this gentleman. Sbak. 4. A sudden fall.—1 fluli throw down the burden with a squash among them, jirbutbnot. 5. A Ihock of soft bodies.— My fall was stopped by a terrible fq'tnsh- Swift.

* To Squash, V. a. To crush into pulp. (1.) * SQUAT. aSj. (from the verb.] I. Cowering; ckrse to the ground.—

Srj'iat like a toad, close at the car of Eve.


Squat cm her bams. Swift, a. Short and thxk ; having one part close to another, as those of an animal contracted and cowering.—The sqnili-insect is so calied from some sim'litude to the squill-fish-: the head is broad and squat. Grew.

Alma in verse, in prose, the mind, Throughout the body squat or tali, Is bona fide, all in all. Prior. (2.)* Sovat. n.s. 1. The posture of cowering Oj lying close.—

Such wrinkles as a skilful hand would draw For an old grandam ape, when with a grace She fits at squat. Dry den.

a. A sudden tall.—Bruisea,yj';/?/.> and falls, which ■often kill others, can bring little hurt to those that are temperate. Herbert.

(30 * Squat, n.s. A fort of mineral.—The squat consists of tin ore and spar incorporated. Woodward.

"To Squat. V, n. [qttattarc, Italian.] To sit cowering: to sit clole to the groivnd. SQUATIJMA. See Squalus, N° a8.

•SQUEAK, n.f. [from the verb.] A shrill quick cry; a cry os pain.—

Ran cow and calf, and family of hogs, With many A deadly grunt and doleful squeak.


* To Squfak. v. n. [sqwcka, Swedish.] 1.T0 set up a su !dcn dolorous cry; to cry out with pain. 1. To cry with a stirdl acute tone.—

The sheeted dead
P'i j squeak and gibber in the Roman streets.


—-Cart wheels squeak not when t!.ey are liquored. Bacon.

The trebles squeak for fear, the bases roar.

Thy den.

—Blunderbusses planted in every loop-hole, go off at the squeaking of a liddle. D-ydm.—Who can endure to hear one of the rough old Romans iqttwkir.s through the mouth of an eunuch? Ad


They grant, if higher pnv/rs think fit,
A bear might soon be made a wit;
And tor any thing »n nature,
Pigs might squeuk love odes, dogs bark satyr.


As the prompter breathes, the puppet squeaks.


—^Soilus calls the companions of Ulysses the squeaking pigs of Homer. Pcfe. 3. To break silence or secrecy for fear or pain.—Put a civil question to him upon the rack, aud he squeaks, I warrant him. Dryden.

« To SQUEAL, -v. n. [sqwala, Swedish.] To cry with a thrill ibarp vo'ce; to cry with pain. Sqiuak seems a short sudden cry, and squeal a cry continued.

* SQUEAMISH, adj. [for quawmijh, or qualmish, from qual-n.] Nice; fastidious; easily disgusted; having the stomach easily turned; being apt to take otlence without much reason. It is used always in diilike either real or ironical.—He seemed very squeamish in respect of the charge he hid of the princess Pamela. Sidney.

Quoth he, that honour's very squeamssli, That takes basting for a blemish. Hudib.

His mnfkk's rustick, and perhaps too plain, The men of squeamipj taste to entertain.


—It is rare to fee a man at once squeamish and voracious. South.—There is 110 occasion to oppose the ancients and the moderns, or to be squeamifn on cither side. Locke.

» SQUEAMISHLY, adv. [from squeamish^ la a fastidious manner.

* SQUEAMISMNESS. n.s. [from squeamish.) Nicenefs; delicacy; fastidiousness.—The thorough-pae'd politician must laugh at the squeamijhness of his conscience. South.—It is but con

, quering a little sqtieami/hness of stomach. Stilling'Jic-et.—To administer tiiis dose, 50,000 operators,

considering the squeami/hness of some stomachs, i«

but reasonable. Swift.

* SQUEEZE, n. /. [from the verb.] Compression; pressure.—

Pcaceiul they Deep; but let the tuneful squeeze

Of lab'ring elbovj rouse them, out they fly


<«.)• n

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