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aplenion, L*t.] Milt-waste. A plant.—The leases and fruit are like those of the fern; but the ptnDuise are eared at their basis. Miller.

A branch of hea\m% spteenv.'»rt in his h.ind.


(i.) Spleenwort, in botany, is a species of Asplenium. As that article was accidentally omitted in its order, it it necessary to give an account of it here. Asplenium is a genus of the Cryptogamia class of plants, and ranked in the order ot FUicci. The parts of fructification are situated in the small sparse line under the disk of the leaves. There are 24 species: two are natives of Britain, and prow upon old walls and moist rocks : viz. 1. Asplenium ceterarum, Ceterach, or Spleentvort: a. jis?lenittm Scohpendrium, or Hart'j Tongue. Spleenwort has an herbaceous, mucilaginous, and roughish taste; it is recommended as a pectoral, and as a nephritic for promoting urine. It was ancient.y esteemed good igainst the spleen.

(3.)spleenwort, Rough; a species of Poly, Podium.

* SPLEENY. a.lj. Ifroro jpleen.] Angry; peevi(h; humorous.—

A spleeny Lutheran, and not wholesome to Our canse. Sbak.

* SPLENDENT. ads. [iplendens, Lat.] Shining; glossy; having lustre.—They assigned them names from some remarkahle qualities, that is very observable in their red and splendent planets. BrKun.—Metallick substances may, by reason of their great density, reflect all the light incident upon them, and ib be as opake and splendent as it •> possible for any body to be. Newton.

* SPLENDID, adj. {splrndide, Fr. sp'endidus, Latin.] Snowy j magnificent; sumptuous j pompous.— «

Unacceptable, though in hcav'n, our state Of splendid vassalage. Milton.

Fall by his side Pisistratus lay spread, In age hi» equal, on a splendid bed. Pope.

* SPLENDIPLY. adv. [from splendid.] Magfificently; sumptuously; pompously.—Their condition, though it look splendidly, yet when you tundle it on all sides, it will prick your fingers. Taylor.—You will not admit you live splendidly. More.—

How largely gives, how splendidly he treats.


He, of the royal store Splendidly frugal. Philips.

* SPLENDOUR, n. /. [splendent, French; splendor, Latin.] 1. Lustre; power Of li ming.— Splendour hath a degree of whiteness. Bacon.— The dignity of goid above silver is not much ; the splendour is alike. Baton— The first symptoms are a chilness, a certain j\lendour or shining in the *yes. Arbuthnot. 3. Magnificence ; pomp.—Romulus found no better way to procure au esteem 2nd reverence to them, than by first procuring it to himself by splendour of habit and retinue. South.— 1

Splendour borrows ail her rays from fense.


U.) SPLENETICS, adj. [fplenetijue, Pr.] Troubled with the spleen; fretful; peevish.— Horace purged himself from these.#/*nff/V* reflec

tions in odes and epodes. Dryden.—This daughter silently lowers, t'other steals a kind look at you, a third is exactly well behaved, and a fourth fplenetick. Tatler.

You humour me when I am sick; Why not when 1 amfplenetick > Pope. (1.) * Splenetics, n.s a person afflicted with an obstruction of the spleen.

* SPLENICK. adj. [spler.Ujue, French; spltr., Latin.] Belonging to the Ipleen.—Suppose ttc spleen obstructed in its lower parts and fplenick branch. Harvey.—The fplenick vein hath divers cells opening into it near its extremities in human bodies; but in quadrupeds the cells open into the trunks of the fplenick veinr. Ray.

* SPLENISH. adj. [from spleen.] FretM; peevilh.—

Yourselves you must engage,

Somewhat to cool yoursplecnish rage. Draylon.

SPLEN1TIS. See Medicine, Index.

•SPLENITIVE. adj. [fromspleen.] Hot; fiery; passionate. Not in use.—

Though 1 am notsplenitii-e and rash,

Yet I hav/ in me something dangerous. ShaL

SPLENIUS. See Anatomy, § aco.

(1.) * SPLENT. n.s. [Or perhaps spUnt; spinella, Italian.]—Splent is a callous hard lubstance, or an insensible swelling, which breeds on or adheres to the lhank-bone of a horse; and when it grows big, spoils the fliape of the leg. When there is but one, it is called a single splent; but when there is another opposite to it on the outside of the shank-bone, it is called a pegged or pinned splent. Farrier'j Di3.

(a.) Splent. See Farriery, Part IV. Se9.


* To SPLICE, v. a. [splifen, Dutch; plico, La!.] To join the two ends of a rope without a knot.

SPLICING, part. n. s. in the sea language, is the untwisting the ends of two cables or rope, and working the several strands into one another by a fidd, so that they become as strong as if they were but one rope.

(1.) • SPLINT, n.s. {splinter, Dutch.] 1. A fragment of wood in general. 1. A thin piece of wood or other matter used by chirurgeons to hoid the bone newly set iu its place.—The ancients, after the seventh day, \i(ed splints, whish not only kept the members steady, but straight. Ifiseman.

It.) Splint. See Splen-t.

(1.) • To Splint. ) v. a. [from Vhe noun.]

(1.) • To SPLINTER. 5 i.Tosecurt. by splints. —This broken joint intreat her to splinter. Sbak. 3. To shiver; tg break into fragments.

(a.) * To Splinter. «. n. [froui the noun.] To be broken into fragments; to be Ihivered.

* Splinter, n. /. [splinter, Dutch.] 1. A fragment of any thiog broken with violence.— He was slain at till, one of the splinters of Montgomery's staff going in at his bever. Bacon.

• Some by aromatick_/£/i»frr.» die. Diydcn. 1. A thin piece of wood.—A plain Indian fan, bound togcth< r with a splinter hoop. Grew.

(1.) *To SPLIT, v. a. pret. and part. pass. split, [spletten, splitten, Dutch.] 1. To cleave; to rive; to divide longitudinally in two.—


Po't, and thou hastthe one half of my heart;. . Do't not, thou split il thine own. Shalt. That W-hand Hath, with the courage which the heart did lend it,

Spliltrd the heart. Shak. To split thy sire into a double father.


Cold Winter split the rocks in twain. Dryd. ■—A fkilll so hard, that it Is almost as easy to split a helmet of iron as to make a fracture in it. Ray. —This effort is in some earthquakes so vehement, that it splits and tears.the earth. If'icdward. a. To divide; to part.—Their logick has appeared fh'e mere art of wrangling, and their metaphyticks the (kill of splitting an hair. Watts.—One and the fame ray is by refraction disturbed, shattered, dilated, and split. iXc.ivton.—He instances Luther's sensuality and disobedience; two crimes which he has dealt with, and to make the more solemn shew, he split 'em into twenty. Atterbury. Oh! would it please the gods to split

Thy beauty, size, arid years, and wit,

No ag"e could furniili out a pair

Of nymphs so graceful,Wise, arid fair. Swift.

3. To.dash and break on a rock. — God's deser1 ion drives him in an instant,' ori the rock where he will be irrecoverably split. Decay of Piety.

Thole who live by .shores, with joy behold Some wealthy vessel split or, Araudcd nigh.


4. To divide; to break into discord.—In states' ijbiorioufiy irreligious, a secret and irresistible power spirts their counsels. South.

r(i.)-* To Split, V. n. . 1. To burst in sunder; to crack; to suffer disruption—A huge velfel of exceeding hard marble split asunder by congealed wateVjl.Boy/f.—'

'tTtlic mast split, and threaten wreck. Dryd. The. road that to.the lungs thU store tranlmits, ,' , • .,,

Into, unnumber'd. narrow channels splits.


a. To burst with laughter.— '.'

.Each had a gravity would make you split.


3. To be broken against rock".—

Our ship did split. Shak. —These are the rocks on which the sanguine tribe of lovers Jdaily split. Addifon.—We were driven directly Upon it, and immediately split'. Swift!'

* SPLITTER, n, f. [from split.] One who splits.— • .

Those splitters of parsons in sunder should burst! Swift. (1.) SPLUGEN, a town of the new Itanan kingdom, in the ci-devant county of Chiavenna, and capital of a jurisdiction in the Rhiriwald; 16 miles NVV. of Chiavenna.

(2.) Splugkk, a mountain of the Italian king, dom, in Chiavenna; 8 miles NW. of Chiavenna.

* SPLUTTER, n.f. Bustle; tumult. A low word.

SPODDEN, a river of England, in Lancashire, which runs into the Roch, at Rochdale.

SPOHREN, a town of Upper Saxony, in Leipfic; a mues S. of Zorbig.

(1.) * SPOIL, n.f. [fpolium, Latin.] 1. Th*t which is taken by violence; that which is taken from an enemy; plunder; pillage; booty.—

1 have loaden me with many spoils. Sbai. t. That which is gained by strength or effort.—

Each science and each art his spoil. Benilcy.

3. That which is taken from another.—

Gcntlt gales, . Finning their odoriferous wings, dispense These balmy spoils. Milton.

4. The act of robbery; robbery; waste.— .

The man that hath not musick in himself, Is fit for treasons, stratagems, andspoils. Shak. The only cause of unrecover'd spoil. Drayton. Havock, and spoil, and. ruin, are my gain.


5. Corruption; cause of corruption.—Company, villainous company, hath been the spoil of me. Shak. 6. The slough; the cast-off skin of a serpent.—Snakes, the rather for the catting of their spoil, live till they be old. Bacon.

(a.) The Spoil, among the ancient Greek1:, was) divided among the whole army ; only the general's share was largest; but among the Romans, the spoils belonged to the republic.

(l.) * To Spoil, V. a. [fpolio, Latin j spoiler, French.] 1. To seize by robbery; to take away by force.—Ye took joyfully the spoiling of your goods. Heb.

With all his verdure fpoil'd. Milton. a. To plunder ; to strip of goods; with of before the thing taken.—Yielding themselves upon the Turks faith, they were most injuriously spoiled of all that they had. Knolles

'Thou shalt not gain what I deny to yield, Nor reap the harvest, though thou fpoil'Jl the ''' field. Prior.

Ny sons their old unhappy fire despise, Sppil'd of his kingdom, and depriv'd of eyes.


%i To corrupt; to mar; to make useless. [This is prxiperlyspill, fpillan, Saxon.]—Beware lest any man spoil you. Col. 11. 8.—Spiritual pride spoils many graces. Taylor.—Women are not only spoiled by this education, but we spoil that part of the world which would otherwise furnish most instances of aii eminent and exalted piety. Law. '(a.) * To Spoil. U. n. 1. To practise robbery or plunder.—England was insetted with robbers, which, lurking in woods, used to break forth to fob"and spoil. Sjettser.—They which hate us spoil for themselves. Ps. xliv. 14. a. To grow useless; to be corrupted.-^-He was only to look that he used them before they spoiled, else he robbed othersl Locke. "'

* SPOILEK. n. f. [from spoil.] 1. A robber; a plunderer; a pillager.—

1 She's become

Both her own spoiler and own prey.

Ben jsonson.

—Providence concerns itself to assert the interest of religion, by blasting the spoilers of religious persons and places. South.

Hrppy far us, and happy for you spoilers, Had your humanity ne'er reach'd our world!


a. One who mars or corrupts any thing.


*SPOILFUL. adj. [/foil and fuU.\ Wasteful; rapacious.—

Having oft in battle vanquished Tholespoi'ful Picts. Fairy Queen.

(l.) * SPOKE, n. s. [ spaca, Saxon ; spetche, German.] The bar of a wheel that palses from the nave to the felly.—

All you gods,
Break ail the spokes and fellies of her wheel.


The spokes, we are by Ovid told, Were silver, and the axie gold. Swift. (1.) * Spoke. The preterite of speak.—They spoke best in the glory of their conquest. Spratt. ~ SPOKEN. Participle passive of speak

Ca.) Spoliation, in ecclesiastical law, is an Ja< jury done by one clerk or incumbent to another* in taking the fruits of his benefice under a pretended title. It is remeditd hy a dtcice to'account for the profits so taken. This injury, when the jus patronatus, or right of advowson, doth not come in debate, is cognizable in the spiritual court: as if a patron first presents A to a benefice, who is instituted and inducttd thereto; and then, upon pretence of a vacancy, the same patron presents B to the fame living, and he also obtains institution and induction. Now if A disputes the fact of the vacancy, then that clerk who is kept out of the profits of the living, whichever it be, may sue the other in the spiritual court for

Wouldst thou be spoken for to the king? 1 Kings, spoliation, or taking the profits of his benefice

:_ ^ Ft.l_ - 1 r . 1 r c z i _ ■ A .J JV . 11 tv... I- . .JJ ... U... U . I.1

iv. 13.—The original of these signs is found m viva voce, in spoken language. Holder.

SPOKESMAN, n.s. [spoke and man.] One who speaks for another.—

—To be a spokesman from Madam Silvia.


—He shall be thy spokesman. Exod. iv. 16. SPOLETANI, the ancient inhabitants of Spo


SPOLETIUM, in ancient geography, a city of Italy, in Umbna, which bravely withstood Hanoibal, when in Italy. An inscription over the gates still commemorates this defeat of the great Carthaginian. Water was conveyed into the city from an adjacent mountain, by an aqueduct 130 yards above the foundation, relics of which still exist. It is now called Spoleto. See Spoletto, N° 1.

'(1.) SPOLETO, or) a duchy of Italy, bound(i.l SPOLETTO, S ed on the N. by the Marquisate of Ancona, and duchy of Urbino, on the E. by Abruzzo Uitra, on the S. by Sibina and the patrimony of St Peter, ami on the W. by Orvictano and Perugino. It is about 55 miles in Imgth, and 40 in breadth. It was anciently a part of Umbria, and now belongs to the Pope. It is famous for wine.

(».) Spoletto, or Spoleto, the capital of the above duchy, is an ancient, handsome, and populous city, and a bishop's fee, with a strong castle. It suffered much by an earthquake in 1703, previous to which it was stiil more populous. It his a cathedral of marble, iz churches, and it convents, with many fine p timings. It has remains of an ancient amphitheatre, a triumphal arch, and an aqueduct. It is seated partly on the side of a hill, partly in a plain, on the banks of the Tessino; ,0 miles E. of Orvieto, 55 N. of Rome, and 90 S. of Florence. Lon. 30. ij. E. of Ferro. Lat. 41.45.N.

SPOLIA Op Ima, [Lat.] in Roman antiquity, the richest and best of the spoils, which Romulus first set the example of dedicating to Jupiter. See Rome, § 6.

To SPOLIATE, v. a. [, Lat.] To rob; to plunder. Bid.

(t.)» SPOLIATION, n.s. [sfo'iation, French; fioliatio, Latin.] 'she act of robbery or privation.—An ecclesiastical benefice is sometimes void de jure & fatlo, and sometimes de facto, and not it jure; a = when a man suffers a spoliation by his own act. Ajlijse.

And it shall there be tried, whether the living were or were not vacant; upon which the validity of the second clerk's pretensions must depend. But if the right of patronage comes at all into dispute, as if one patron presented A, and another patron presented B, there the ecclesiastical court hath no cognizance, provided the tithe* sued for amount to a fourth part of the value of the living, but may be prohibited at the instance of the patron by the king's writ of indieavit. So also if a clerk, without any colour of title eject* another from his parsonage, this injury must be redressed in the temporal courts; for it depend* upon no question dtterrr.inable by the spiritual law (as plurality of benefices or no plurality, vacancy or no vacancy,) but is merely a civil injury.

SPOLTORA, a town of Naples, in Abruzzo Ultra; 11 miles SE. of Teramo.

(1.) SPON, Charles, M. D. a learned Frencli physician, son of a merchant, and born at Lyons* in 1609. II* showed a peculiar genius for Latin poetry, so early as his 14th year. He studied at Ulm; graduated at Montpellier in 1631; and became a member of the college of physicians at Lyons, where he practised with great success. He was made honor.tiy physician to Lewis XIV. in 1645. He published the Prognostics of Hippocrates, under the title of Sibylla Medica, in hexameter verse; and some Latin Iambics. He maintained a learned correspondence with prof. Guy Patin, and their letters were published atter his death. He died nit Ftb. 1684.

(».) Spin, James, M. D. ton of the doctor, wag born at Lyons, in 1647- After a liberal education, he graduated at Montpellier in 1667, and joined the Facility at Lyons in 1669. In 1675 and 1676, he made a voyage to Dalmatia, Greece, and the Levant, of which he wrote a fine account. He pubiiihed many vaiu able works; as, t.Recbercbes des Antiquitcs de Lyon, 1674, 8vo. 3. Ignoloritm at<]ue obscuronim Dcorum Jlrj, 1677, 8voV 3. Voyage de la Grece, et du Levant, 1677, 3 vols. nmo. 4. Histoire de la vilie, et de letat de Geneve, 1680, 1 vols iirho, &c. Rei"g a Protestant, he was obliged to lt jve France, in 1685, on the repeal of the edict of Nantes, and set out for Zurich; but died at Vevay in 1686. 11; was a member of the academy of the Ricovrati, at Padua.

SPONDÆUS. S-e Spondee. Ex. Zmms.

(i.)SPONDANUS, Joannes or John De SpokDe, a learned Spaniard, bora at "Mauicon, in Biscay, fciy, in 1757. In hit 20th year, he- began a Ctmtnmtary on Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, which was printed at Basil, in 1583, in folio, and dedicated to Henry K. of Navarre, afterwards Henry IV. and the Great of France. He also published Aristotle's l*gic, Gr. and L-U.with notes, at Basil, Ij8j. In j59j, he followed the bad example o' the Great Henry, by turning Papist, and published his Reasons; but they surely could not be haif so weighty as thole of Henry, as the peace of a kingdom did pot depend on his abjuration of Protestant principles. He died m B fcay, in 1595. (a.) Spondanws, or ? Henry, younger brother (z.) Sponde, \ of John, was born in 1568,

and educated at the College of the Reformers at Orttz, where he made a rapid progress in the lan. guages and the canon and civil law. Henry IV. made him master of requests at Navarre. He also turned (Catholic, in 1595. In 1600, he went to Rome, where he took orders, and was promoted by Paul V. but in 1616, he was recalled to France by Lewi6 XIII. and made bishop ot Pamitrs. He abridged and continued Baronius's Ecclesiastical Annals, from H97 to 1640, and published in folio, Annales Sacri a Mundi C'eat tone, adejusdem redemptionem; with some oilier works. He died at Thoulonfe in 1643.

* SPONDEF.. n.s. {standee, French\spondxus, Lat.] A foot of two long syllables.—Homer clogs the verse with spondees. Brcoine.

SPONDIAS, Brasilia*, or Jamaica Plum, in botany; a genus of plants belonging to the class of deeandria, and order of pentagynia. The calyx is quinquedentate. The corolla pentapetalous. The fruit contains a quinquelocular kernel. There are only 1 species; viz.

1. Spondias Mombia, and > But they are 4. Spondias Myrobalanus, J so much confounded in the descriptions of different botanists, that we cannot venture to describe them.

* SPONDYLE. n.s. spondile, Fr. spondylus, Lat.] A vertebra; a joint of the spine.

—It hath for the spine or back-bone a cartilaginous substance, without anyspondyles. Brown.

(1.) * SPONGE, a. /. [spongia, Lit.) A soft porous substance, supposed by some the nidus of animals. It is remarkaMe for sucking up water. It is too often written spungc. See Spunge.Sponges are gathered from the sides of rocks. Baccn.—They opened and washed part of their syjuges. Sandys.—Great offices are like sponges: they fuck till they are full, and, when they come once to be squeezed, their very heart's blood comes away. VEstrange.

(».) Sponge, in zoo.ogy. See Spongia.

£1.) * To Sponge, V. a. [from the noun.] To bin; to wipe aw.iy with a sponge.—Very little difference shouid n it seem an intolerable blemish necessarily to be spungtd out. Hooker.

(2.) * To Sponge, D. n. To suck in as a sijsonge; t*gain by mean arts.—The fly is an intrudes, and a common smeil-feast, that jpunges upon other peop e's trenchers. VEstrange.—'

Hrre wont the dean, when he's to seek,

To lounge a breakfast once a week. Stvift.

* SPONGER, n.s. Ifrom sponge.] One who I ings for a maintenance on o hers.—A generous rich map, that kept a splendid and open table,

would try which were friends and which only trencher-si es andspungers. L'Estrange.

SPONGIA , Sponge, in zoology, a genus of animals belonging to the class of vermes, and order of xoopbyta. Jt is fixed, flexible, and very torpid, growing in a variety of form?, composed either of reticulated fibres, or masses of small spines interwoven together, and clothed with a living gelatinous flesh, full of small mouths or holes on its surface, by which it sucks in and throws out the water. So early as the days of Aristotle sponges were supposed to possesi animal life; the persons employed in collecting them having observed them shrink when torn from the rocks, thus exhibiting symptoms of sensation. The same opinion prevailed in the time of Piiny: But no attention was paid to the subject till Count Marsigli examined them, and declared them vegetables. Dr Peysonell, in a paper which he sent to the Royal Societ y in 1751, and in a second in 1757, affirmed they were not vegetables, but the production of animals; and accordingly described the animals, and the process which they performed m making the sponges. Mr Ellis, in 1761, was at great pains to discover these animals. For this purpose he dissected the spongia urens, and was surprised to find a great number of small worms of the genutt of nereis or sea-scolopendra, which had pierced their way through the soft substance of the sponge in quest of a safe retreat. That this was rtally the cafe, he was fully assured, by inspecting a number of specimens of the fame sort of sponge, just fresh from the sea. He put them into a glass tilled with sea water; and then, instead of seeing any of the little animals which Dr Peyfonell described, he observed the papilla: or small holes with which the papilla: are surrounded, contract and dilate themselves. He examined another variety of the fame species of sponge, and plainly perceived the sjiall tubes inspire and exp're the water. He therefore concluded, that the sponge is an animal, and that the ends or openings of the branched tubes are the mouths by which it receives its nourishment, and discharges its excrements. Fifty species have already been discovered, of which 10 belong to the British coasts.

1. Spongia Botrvoides, grape sponge, is very tender and branched, as if in bunches: the bunches are holiow, and are made up of oblong oval figures having the appearance of grapes; and each bunch is open at top. This species is of a bright, shining colour. The openings at the top are evidently the mouths by which the animal imbibes and discharges moisture. When the surface is very much magnified, it appears covered with little masses of triple, equidistant, shining spines.

a. Spongia Coronata, coronet sponge, is very small, consisting of a single tube surrounded at top by a crown of litt'e spines. The tube is open at the top. The rays that compose the little crown are of a bright, shining pearl colour; the body is of a paie yellow. It has been found in the harbour of Emsworlh, between Sussex and Hampshire.

3. Spongia Cristata, or eock's-comb sponge, is flat, erect, and soft, growing in the shape of cock's combs, with Iows of little holes along the tops, which project a iittle. It abounds on the

rocks it may be seen at low-water. It Is commonly about three inches long, and two inches high, and of a pale yellowiih colour. When put into a fciass vessel of sea water, it has been observed to suck in and squirt out the water through little mouths along the tops, giving evident figns of life.

socks to the eastward of Hastings in Sussex, where of the sea, it is of a bright orange colour, aftd fiift

4. Spongia Dichotomy, duhotomouj or forked sponge, is stiff, branched, with round, upright, elastic branches, covered with minute hairs. It is found on the coast of Norway, and also according to Berkenhout, on the Cornish and Yorkshire coasts. It is of a pale yellow colour, and full of very minute pores, guarded by minute spines. See Plnte CCCXV1I. fg. 1.

5. Spongia FLOViATins, river sponge, is green, Crect, brittle, and irregularly disposed in numerous branches. It abounds in many parts of Eu

of gelatinous flelh; bat when dry, it bc'eo-nei whitish, and when broken has the appearance of crum of bread; If rubbed on the hand, ft will raise blisters j and if dried in a'n oven> its power* of stinging is mslch increased, especially that va«i riety of it which is found oil the sea coast of N. America.

* SPONGINESS. n. s. [fromspongy.) Softnect and fulness of cavinr* like a sponge.—The lungt are exposed to receive all the droppings from thfl brain: a very fit cistern, because of their sponginess. Harvey.

* SPONGIOTJS. adj.[spongieiix, French, from sponge.] Full of small cavities like a sponge.-^Alt thick bones are hollow or spongeovs. Oheyne^

* SPONGY, adj. [from sponge] n Soft and fuS of snail interstitial holes.—-T.e lung* are the mod

rope, in the fresh rivers of Russia and England, spongy part of the body. Bacon.—A spongy er

particularly in the river Thames. It scarcely ex hibits any symptoms of life, i« of a rifhy smell: its pores or mouths are sometimes tilled with green gelatinous globules. It differs very little from the lacustris.

6. Spongia Lacustris. creeping sponge, has erect, cylindrical, and obtuse branches. It is found in lakes in Sweden am) England.

7. Spokgia Oculata, or branched sponge, is delicately soft and very much branched; the brarches are a little compressed, grow erect, and often united together. They have rows of cells on

'each margin, that project a little. This species is of a pate yellow colour, from five to ten inches high. The fibres are reticulated, and the flesti or gelatinous part is so tender, that when it is tak?n out of the water it sunn dries away. It is very common round the sea coast of Britain and Ireland. (See Plate CCCXVl!.^. 2 ) At b, b, along the edges and on the surface of the branches, are rows of small papillary holes, through which the animal receives its nourishment.

8. Spongia, Palmata, palmated sponge, is like a hand with ringers a littic divided at the top. [Stesig.- 3.) The mouths are a little prominent,

'and irregularly disposed on the surface. It is found on the beach at Bnghthtlmftone. It is of a teddish colour, inclining to yellow^ and of the same soft woolly texture with the ipbngia 0culata.

9. Spokgia Stuposa, totca spongt, or do*.vny ■branched sponge, is soft iike tow, with round branches and covered with fine pointed,ha;r. It is of a pale yellow colour, and about three inches high. It is frequently thrown on the stiore at Hasting* in Sussex. Pig. 4. represents this sponge; but it Is so closely coveied with a fine down, that the numerous small boles in its surface are not discernible.

10. SP0!»G1A Tomentosa, or1) stingingsponge, 10. Spongia Urens, ) or crumb os

bread sponge, is of many forms, full of pores, vry brittle and softj and interwoven with very minme spines. !t is fuil of smalt protuberances, with1a hole in each, by which it sticks and throws cut the water. It is very common on the Brhith coalt; and is frequently seen surrounding fncofes. It is found also on the mores ot N. America, Africa, aud in the East Indies. Wben newly taken out Voi> XXL Part L

ciescence groweth upon the roots ot the lasertree. Bacon.—The body of the tree betmt ver/ spongy within, they easily Contrive into canoe*.


Into earth's spungy veins the ocean finks.


The 'fungj clouds are fiil'd. Drydiin —Her bones are all very spongy. Greia.— 2. Wet; drenched; soaked ; full like a sponge.—* What not put upon

His spunky officers. Shdk.

(1.) SPONHE1M, a ci-devant coanty of Oer.. many, in the ciiclcof the Upper Rhine, sealed between the Rh*uc and the Moselle; now1 annexed to the French empire, and included in the dep. of the Rhine and Moselle. It was anciently governed by its own counts; but before the com^ mencement of the late revolutionary war, it wa* divided between the Electoral Palatine, the duke? of Deux Ponts, and the nfargrare (now tUSof) of Baden. The soil is mountainous, but fertile) the mutton is esteemed excellent; game and tilh are plentiful. The hills towards the Nahr and Moselle are Covered with vineyards, and have some medicinal springs; and fnterrrally *bonnd with copper, lead, ind iron ores. The chie? towns are Kreutznaeh, (see Creutznach, and Krei/tznach;) Sponheim, and Traarbaeh.

(1.) SrosHEi!*, a town of the French empire, in the department of the Rhine and Moselle; lat* capital of the above country; (N"1 t.) 17 miles W. of Mentz, and 46 E. of Treves. Lju. 35. 7. I. of Ferr . Lat. 49. ?4. N.

(i.) * SPONK. n.s. A word iri Edinburgh wWkh d notes i match, or any thing dipt m sulphur that takes fire: as, AnyJ'pmks will ye buy! Touchwood.

(a.)Spo<K i* spelt and p'->nourtced Spunk in Scotland; but t*c learned Doctor wa< cwierneiy' ignorant of Scotti.h affairs

• 8PON3AL. adj. [spanfalis, Latin.) Relating to marriag'-.

• SPONSION, n.s [sponfo, Latin.] The actl of be e"me surety for anotner.

• SPONSOR. *./ [Litin.| A surety; one: who makes a t,romiscor gives security fara.-other. In the inptifm of a male there ought to be two males and one woman, and in >ne baptism of a female child two women and one raaa; and these

0,q au*

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