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Ij. Characteristical likeness; essential qualities.— A descending light of ail other, iloth set osfmens faces .in their truest spirit. Wotton. 16. Any thing eminently pure and refined.— Nor doth the eye itself, That moil ymvt spirit of sense, behold itself.


17. That which hath power or energy.—There is in wine a mighty spirit. South. 18. An inflammable liquor raised by distillation; as brandy, rum. —What the chymists call spirit, they apply the name to so many different thing9, that they stem to have no settled notion of the .thing. In general, they give the name of spirit to any distilled volatile liquor. Boyle.—All spirits, by frequent use, destroy, and at last extinguish the natural heat of the stomach. Temple. — In distillations, what trickles down the fides of the receiver, if it will not mix with water, is oil; if it will, it is spirit. Arbuthnot. 19. In the poelsspirit was a monosyllable, and therefore was otten written sprite, or, iefs properly, spright.

The charge thereof unto a courteousspeight

Com minded was. Spensef.

(a.) Spirit, in metaphyfics, an incorporeal being or intelligence; in which sense Gad Is said to he a spirit, as are angels and the bu Jian foul. See Angel, § 1—10. Metaphysics, S<3. XXXV. and Theology.

(3.) Spirit, in chemistry, and ^pharmacy, a name applied to every volatile liquid which is not insipid like phlegm or water; and hence the distinction into' acid, alkanne, and vinous spirits. See Pharmacy, Index.

(4.) Spirit Of Salt, in the new chemical nomenclature, is called Sulphas os Magnesia.

(5.) Spirit Of Wine. See Chemistry, Index, Distillation, and Pharmacy, Index.

(6.) Spirit, Proof. See Specific Gravity, § 8.

(7.) Spirits, or Animal Spirits. See AnaTomy, § 513, and Physiology.

(8.) Spirits, or Ardent Spirits, in commerce, distillation, &c. See Alcohol,- BranBy, Chemistry, Index; Distillation, 5 I— VII, i—xv., NJ V, $ i, li; Rum, § 2; Spirituous Liquors, and Whisky.

* To Spirit, -v. a. 1. To animate or actuate as a spirit.—

So tak'd the spirited sly snake. Milton. 1. To excite ; to animate; to eneotiraje.—H.-wid be tjji'it in any execution of such a counsel, unless spirited by the unanimous decrees of a general diet. Temple.—Civil dissensions never fail of Stitroducine and spiriting the ambition of private men. Sw'st.—Miny officers an 1 private m-1 spirit up and assist those obstinate pr >oie. Suns'.. 3. To draw; to entice.—In the southern coast of America, the southern point ot the needie varie'h toward the land, as being disposed and spirited way, by the meridional and prop-r hemisphere. Browu.—The ministry had him spirited away. Arbuthnot.

* SPIRITALLY. adv, [from spirit's, Li:.] By meant! of the breath.—C motive on: of n.-'i pronou"c~d siirital'j, the other vocally. lhlj:~.

. * SPIRITED, adj. [frora spirit.] Livc.y ;

cious j full of fire.—Dryden's translation of Viryil is noble and spirited. Pope.

* SPIRITED NESS. »./. [from spiulid.] Disposition or make of mind.—lie showed trie narrow spiritedness, pride, and Pgiiorance of pedants. Addison.

* SPIR1TFULNESS. n.f. [from spiriting full] Sprightlincfs; liveliness.—A cock's crowing isa tone that corresponds to tinging, attesting hu mirth and spiritfulness. Harvey.

* SPIRITLESS. Wy. [from spirit.] Dejectrd; low; deprived of vigour; wanting courage; depressed.—

A man so faint, so spiritless, So dull, so dead in look, so woe begone, Drew Priam'* curtain. Sbahi

Of their wonted vigour left them drain'd. Exhausted, spiritless, afflicted, fail'n. Milton.

Nor did ah Rome, grown spiritless, suppiy A man that for bold truth durll bravely die.


Art thou so base, so spiritless a slave? Smith.

» SPIR1TOUS. adj. [from spirit.] 1. Refined; defecated; advanced near to spirit.—

More refin'd, more spiritous and pure. Milt. a. Fine; ardent; active.

» SPIRITOUSNESS. n. f. [from spiritous.} fineness and activity of parts.—They, notwithstanding the great thinness and spirtomnea of ths liquor, did lift Ud the upper surface. Botle.

(■1.) * SPIRITUAL, adj. [spiritual, Fr. from spirit.] i. Distinct from matter; immaterial; incorporeal.—Echo Is a great argument of th« spiritual essence of sounds. Bacon.—Both visihles and audihles in their working emit no corpo' real substance into their mediums, but on!y carry certain spritual specie'. Bacon.—All creatures, as well spiritual aB corporeal, declare their absolute dependence upon the first author of ali beinjs. Bentlry. a. Mcntai; intellectual.'—

Spiritual armour, able to resist

Satan's assaults. Miltn. —The fame disaster has invaded his spirituals. South. .'{.Not gross; refined from external thing"; relative only to the mind.—Some who pretend W be of a more spiritual and refined religion, spe"d their time in conte platio". Ca/.imr. *• temporal r-lating to the things ot heaven; cedeJi.iif.ical.— Place man in some pubhek society, «■ v:l or spiritual. Hooker.—

Thou art reverend, . To'-'ching thy spiritual function. ShiI have made an oiler to his inajrfty,

Upon our spiritual oonvoc ation. Sbai. —T.iose servants, who have believing malltr-i are forbid to withdraw any tbirg of tK-ir worldly respect, as gresumini; upon tbeir spiritual kW" Orel. Kettletvorto.—Nor is there a moreeflectuil w^iy to forward t!<e salvation of menu fouls, than for spiritual persons to make themselves as agre.ab'r as ruy cxv. Swift She love them as brr spiritual children, ar.d they reverence her as thtir spi itital rnoth.-r. Ln-iv.

(2.) SiMRiTeAL, H>mfi'. s also btloncrina to or psrtakiiie of 'he <"re of spirit, bee Spirit. . * SPIRITUALITY, n./.^itam spiritual.] i.I""


corporeity; immateriality; essence ihWinct from spiiits.
matter.—If this li>;ht be not spiritual, yet it ap-
proaches!) nearest unto spirituality. RjalAgb. i. In-
tellectual nature.—A pleasure made tor tlie soul,
suitable to its spirituality. South. 3. {Spiritualise,
Fr.] A;ts independent of the body; pure acts of
the foul : mental refinement.—It will require both
time and application to recover it to suen a frame,
for the spiritualities of religion. Soutb. 4. That
which belongs to any one as an ecclesi.istick.—
The dean and chapter are guardians of the spirit-
ualities, during the vacancy. Aylijse.

SPIRITUAL!ZATION. n. / [from spiritualize.] The act of soiritualizing.

To SPIRITUALIZE. v.a.[spirit«aHzer, Fr. from spirit.] To refine the intellect; to purify froni toe feculcncies of the world.—This would take it much out of the care of the soui, to spiritualize and replenish it. Hammond.—We ascend to our more spiritualized selves. Glanville.—That load of earth which now engages to corruption, must be calcined and spiritualized. Decay os Piety. —An everlasting happiness, as great as God can give, and our spiritualized capacities receive. 'Rogers.

• SPIRITUALLY, adv. [from spiritual.] Without corporeal grossnese: with attention to

(See Sweat, § a.) Tl'tse have another advantage, that, m cases of sudden emergency, they are always at band; whereas few person* in hethh keep an alibi tment of medicines in their pollesiion; and the surgeon, physician, and laboratory are often at a great distance.

(3.) Spirituous Liquors have in all nalioni been considered as a proper subject of heavy taxation for the support of the state. This has naturally occasioned a n ee examination of their strength. Il having been at last found that this wa9 intimately connected with the Iprcisic gravity, this has been examined with the most, scrupulous attention to every circumstance which could affect it, so that the duties might be exactly proportioned to the quantity of spirit in any strong liquor, independent on every other circumstance ot flavour or taste, or other valued quality. The chemist at last found that the basis of ail strong liquors is the fame, produced by the vinous tcrmentation of pure saccharine matter dissolved 111 water. He alii) found, that whether this vegetable silt be takui as it is spontaneously formed in the juices of plants and fruit", or as it may be formed or extricated from farinaceous fruits and rools by a certain part of the proctss of Vegetation, it produces the fame ardent spirit, which has things purely inteilectual.—Virgins live morespi- always the fame density in every mixture with

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water. The minute portions of aromatic oib, which are in some degree inseparable from it, and give it _a different flavour according to the substance fiom which it was obtained, are not found to have any sensible effect on its density or specific gravity. This seems very completely establi : ed in consequence of the unwearied attempts of the manufacturers to lessen the duties payable on their goods by mixtures of other substances, which would increase their density Without making them less palatable. The vigilance of the revenue officers was no less employed to detect every such contrivance. In short,it Is now an acknowledged po nt, that the Specific Gravity i» an accurate test of the strength. But it was soon

7; and the articles there referred to. Moralists, found by thole who were appointed guardians of philosophers, and divines, in all ages, and in al- therevinut, that a mixture whicb-appeared to con*

A .11 »'_- fr _n .*__ _ L _ t • J . . 11. _r -»•_!. ,1 .1

most all countrie.0, (for all countries abound in fume kind of spirituous liquors,) have exclaimed against the abuse of spirituous liquors, and with justice; for Ho human invention has ever tended more to corrupt the morals, and ruin the character, constitution and circumstances, of numberless individuals, than habitual and excessive indulgence in spirituous liquors. But while these abuses of them are to be regretted, their proper use and importance should not bt overlooked. The learned Dr Rush of Philadelphia has written much upon this subject; and, in his zeal for the health and

tain 35 gallons of alcohol, did' really contain
This they found by actually making Tuch a mixture;
j 8 gallons of alcohol mixed with 18 of water pro-
duced only 35 gallons of spirits. The revenue of-
ficers, finding that this condensation was most re-
nrarkabe in mixtures of equal parts of wat'. r and
the strongest spirits which could then be procu-
red, determined to levy the duties by this mix-
ture; because, whether the spirituous liquors was
stronger or weaker than this, it would appear, by
its specific gravity, rather stronger than it really
was. This sagacious observation, and the sim-

morais of the people, propolcs a total abolition of piicity of the composition; which coald at all

the manufacture. In this we differ from that leam- times be made for comparison, seem to be the

ed physician. Spirituous liquors are not only use- reasons for our excise offices selecting this mode

ful in social life, as a means of conviviality, but in of estimating the strength and levying the duties,

many cafes highly beneficial as a medicine. In A mixture us nearly equal measures of water and

cafes of sudden faintings, apoplectic fits,- extreme debility, and, above ail, in cases of excessive perspiration, there L no remedy or antidote so speedy and effectual in affording effectual relief, (exceptto such as have ruined their constitutions by excessive indulgence in them,; as a gla's ot ^uod Vol. XXI. Part I.

acohoi is called Proof Stirit, and nays a certain duty per gallon; and the strength of a spirituousliquor is estimated by the gallon*, not of alcohol, but of proof spirit which the cask contains. But because it might be difficult to procure at al) times this proof spirit for comparison, such a mixP p tui* ture was made by order of the board of excise: seated on the S. coast of a large bay. with a numand it was four.d, that when fix gallons of it was ber of islands in it. It has about 900 inhabitants, mixed with on*, gallon of water, a wine gallon of Lon. 41. o. E. Lat. 20. 10. S.

the mixture weighed 7 pounds 1.5 ounces avoirdupois. The board therefore declared, that the spirituous liquor of which the gallon weighed 7 pounds 13 ounces should be reckoned 1 to 6 or 1 in 7 under proof. This is but an aukward aF.d complex formula; it was in order to suit matters to a mode of examination which had by time obtained the sanction 1 f the boaid. Mr Clarke, an ingenious artist of that time, had made a hydrometer incomparably more exact than any other, and constructed on mathematical principles, fit tor computation. This had a set of weights cor

(3-5.) Spiritu Sancto. See Espiritu. (6.) Spiritu Sancto, or ) islands, a range of (6.) Spiritu Santo, ) islands, SW. of the Bahamas. The largest is 40 miles long, and 8 broad. Lon. from 770 to 78° 15' Lat. 14° to 2,50 12' N.

* SPIRT, n.f. [from the verb.] 1. Sudden ejection. 2. Sudden effort.

(1.) * To Spirt, I>. n. [spruyten, Dutch, to shoot up, Skinner ; spritta, Swedish, to fly out, Lye.] To spring out in a sudden stream; to stream out by intervals.—Beer, while new and full of spirit,

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spirit, and the mixture 1 to 6 or 1 in 7 was the only one which weighed an exact number of ounces per gallon without a fraction.—Thus stands the excise law ; and Clarke's hydrometer is still the instrument of authority, although others have been since constructed by Die As, Quin, and others, which are much more ingenious and convenient. The mathematician who examines Dicas's hydrometer, with its sliding scale, by which it is adjusted to the different temperatures, and points out the condensations, will perceive a beautiful and sagacious combination of quantities, which he will find it difficult to bring under any analytical formula. Perhaps Quin's may have some preference in respect of conveniency; but facile muentis addere. Mr Dicas's was original.— As naturalists became more accustomed to exact observation in every topic of inquiry, the condensation which obtains in the mixture of different substances became more familiarly known. This evidently affects the present question; and both the excise and the distillers are interested in its accurate decision. This occasioned an application to the Royal Society; and a most scrupulous examination of the strength of spirituous liquors was made by Sir Charles Blagden and Mr Gilpin, of which they have given a very particular account in the Philos. Trans. for 1790 and 1792 ; to which we tefer those who are interested in the inquiry. (See also Specific Gravity, § 11)—We might here take notice of the attempts made to elude some part of the duties, by adding some ingredient to the spirits. But it would be doing no service to the trader to put fraud more in his power. There are some salts which make a very great augmentation of density, but they render the liquor unpalatable. Sugar is frequently used wish this view; 16 grains of refined sugar disso'ved in 1000 grains of proof spirits gave it no suspicious taste, and increased its specific gravity from o#9»o to C925, which is a very great change, equivalent to the addition of 9 grains of water to a mixture of 100 grains of alcohol and 80 of water.

* SPIUITUOUSNESS. Spirituosi ry. n.f. [from spirituous.] The quality of being spirituous; tenuity and activity.

(1.) SPIRITU Sancto, or Santo, a province of S. America in Brazil, in the government of Rio Janeiro.

(2.) Spiritu Sancto, a sea-port town of Brazil, capital of the above province, with a castle;

Thus the small jett, which hasty hands unlock. Spirts in tjjc gard'ner's eyes. Pope. (2.) * To Spirt. T>. a. To throw out in a jet.

His finny flocks about their shepherd play, And rowling round him, spirt the bitter sea.


Oft the loose stones spirt up a muddy tide. Gay.

* To SPIRTLE. v. a. [A corruption of spirt.] To (hoot fcatteringly.—The brains and mingled blood were spirtled on the wall. Drayton.—The terraqueous globe would, by the centrifugal force of that motion, be soon dissipated and spirtled into the circ umambient space, was it not kept together by this noble contrivance of the Creator. Derham.

* SPIRY. adj. [from spire.] 1. Pyramidal.— Thespiry fir, and shapely box adorn. Pope. These moss-grown domes with spiry turrets


Where awful arches make a noon-day night.


1. Wreathed; curled.—

Hid in the spiry volumes of the snake. Drid.

SP1SE, a town of Africa, on the Gold Coast, in the kingdom of Ningo.

"SPISS. adj. [spijus, Lat.] Close ; firm ; thick. Not in use.—From his modest and humble charity, issued this fpiss and dense, yet polished treatise of the variety of languages. Brcreiuood.

* SPISSITUDE. n.f. [from spifus, Lat.] Grossness; thickness.—Though the lees keep the drink in heart, and make it lasting, yet they cast up some fpiffitude. Bacon.Spisttude is subdued by acrid things. Arbuthnot.

(l.)*SPIT. n.f. [fpitan, Saxon ; spit, Dutch; spedo, Ita!.] 1. A long prong on which meat is driven to be turned before the fire.—

'Tis I that made thy widows; then know me not,

Lest that thy wives with spits, and boys with stones,

In puny battle Hay me. Sbak. Coriol.

—The motion may be applied to the turning of a spit. Hi/iins.

Contriving for the pot and spit. Swift.

2. Such a depth of earth as is pierced by one action of the spade.—Where the earth is waihed from the quick, face it with the first spit of earth dug out of the ditch. Mortimer.

(2.) Spit, in geography, a town of S. Carolina; 15 miles SSE. of Cape Fear. Lon. 78. 5. W. Lat. 33' 34- N.'

(i.) * To Spit. V. a. Preterite spat; participle pass, spit, or spitted, [from the noun.] i. To put upon a spit.—

I see my cousin's ghost Seeking out Romeo, that did spit his body. Shai. a. To thurst through.— , I spitted frogs. Dryden. (a.) * To Spit. V. a. [fpatan, Six.fpytter, Dan.] To eject from the mouth.—

A large mouth, indeed, That spin forth death, and mountains. Shai. Tongues /pit their duties out. Shai. And all her backe in bristles set, spits every way her some. Chapman. (3.) * To Spit. V. n. To throw out spittle or moisture of the mouth.—Very good orators, when they are here, will spit. Shak.— 1 dare meet Surrey, And /pit upon him w hilst I soy he lie*. Shai.

The wat'ry kingdom, whose ambitious head Spits in the face of heaven. Shai. —He spat on the ground. John, ix. 6.—A maid tame to one of the tribunals of the Gentiles, and declaring herself a Christian, spit in the judge's face. South —A drunkard men abhor, and would even spit at him, were it not for fear he Ihould do something more than spit at them. South.Spit on your finger and thumb, and pinch the lhul}' till the candle goes out. Swift.

(r.) SPITAL, a town of Spain, in Catalonia, on the Mediterranean; 21 miles NE. of Tortosa.

(1—4O Spital, three towns of Germany: viz. I. in the empire of Austria ; 6 miles S. of Steyr: a. in Stiria, 5 miles E. of Muertzenfchlag: 3. in Calinthia, on the Lifer, near the Drave; 8 miles E. of Saxonburg, 14 NW. of Villach, and ,;o VV. of Clagenfurt. Lon. 13. 37. E. Lat. 46. 53. N.

Spit-box, n.s. [spit and box.] 4 box, generally of tin or wood, for spitting in.

To SPITCHCOCK. v. a. To cut an eel in pieces and roast him. Of this word I find no

good etymology

No man lards salt pork with orange peel, Or garnishes his lamb withspitebcotkt eel. King. 'SPITE, n.s. \jp,jt, Dutch; despit, French ] I. Malice; rancour; hate; malignity; malevolence. —This breeding rather spite than lhame in her, she did thirst for a revenge. Sidney.

Bewray they did their inward boiling spite.


Their spite stiil serves His glory to augment. Milton. Begone, ye criticks, and restrain ycur spite.


a. Spite o/J or In Spite of. Notwithstanding; in defiance of. It is often used without any malignity of meaning.—

I'll guard thee free, And save thee in her spite. Chapman. —God saved me in spite of the world, the devil, and myself. South.

In spile of me I love. Dryden. For thy lov'd sake, spite os my boding fears, I'll meet the danger. Ro<we.

In spite of all the fortitude that shines Before my face in Cato's great example. Addis. In spite of all applications, the patient grew worse. Arbatbnot.

To SriTE.v. a. ffrom the noun.] t: To mischief; to treat maliciously; to vex; to thwart malignantly.—

Beguild, divorced, wronged, spighted, slain, Most detestable death, by thee. Shai.

I'll sacrifice the lamb that I do love, Tosp'tght a raven's heart within a dove. Shai'. a.- To fill with spite; to offend.—Zelmane, mare spited with that courtesy, burned away with cholcr. Sidney.—Darius, spited at the magi, endeavoured to abolish not only their learning but their language. Temp/e.

• SPITEFUL, adj. [spite.and fidl.] Malicious; malignant.—The Jews were the deadliest and spitefulleft enemies of Christianity that were in the world. Hooker.—

A wayward fan,
Spightful and wrathful. Shai. Macbeth.

—Our public form of divine service is in every part religious and holy, maugre the malice of spiteful wretches. White.—A spiteful endeavour to engage the rest of the world in the fame flight estetm of him. South.

The spites id stars have filed their venom down.


•SPITEFULLY.^, [from spiteful.} Malicioufly; malignantly.—

False Evadne, spitefully forsworn! Waller. At last she spitefully was hent

To try their wisdom's full extent. Swift

• SPITEFULNESS. n.s. [from-spiteful.] Malice; malignity; defire of vexing.—It looks more like sp'ttefulness and ill-nature, than a diligent' search after truth. Keil.

Spit-fire, n.s. \spitsx\Afire.] An epithet given to a passionate railer, who uses bitter expressions.

SP1THEAD, a road between Portsmouth and the Isle rf Wight, where the royal navy of Great Britain frequently rendezvous.

• SPITT AL. n.s. [Corrupted from hospitals A charitable foundation. In use only in the phrases,. a fpittalsermon, and rob not the fpittal.

• SPITTED, adj. (from spit.] Shot out into length.—Whe'her the head of a deer, that by age is more spitted, may be brought again to be more branched. Baron.

• SPITTER. n.s. [from spit.) x. One who puts meat on a spit. a. One who spits with his mouth. 3. A ynung deer. Ainsworth.

(1.) * SPITTLE, n.s. [Corrupted from hospital, and therefore better written spital, or spittal.) Hospital. It is Itill retained in Scotland.—

To the spittle go. Shai. Henry V. She whom the spittle house, and ulcerous seres, Would cast the gorge at, this embalms and spices

To th' April-day again. Shai. Timon.

Cure the spittle world of maladies. Clean. (a.) * Spittle, n.s. [spatlian, Sax.] Moisture of the mouth.—The saliva or spittle is an humour of eminent use. Ray.

Churn'd like spittle from the lips they flew.


—The spittle is an active liquor, immediately derived from the arterial blood. Arbuthnot.

His heart too great, though fortune little,' To lick a rascal statesman's spittle. Swift. (3.)spiitl£, in physiology. See Saliva.

Pp a * Spit

P Spittincm. n.f. [spit mid venoms Poison eiected from the mouth.—The spUimom of their L>oisored hearts bre.ikcth out. Hooker.

(i.l SPITZ, a town of Bohemia, in Leitmeritz: 9 miles NK of Kamnitz.

(a.) Spitz, a town in the empire of Austria, on the Danube, jc miles above Krems.

SPITZBFRG, a mountain of Silesia.

SPITZRF.ROEN, the most northern corntry of Europe, situated V. of Norway, between West Greenland on the \\*. and Nova Zcmbla: whence it is properly called East Gri- Enland. It conCof several islands, ind is supposed to be habitable, though hitherto only inhabited by bears and fox;'«. (See Ghenlako, N? F, J i.) Lon.

to :6° E. Lat. 760 ,\o' to 790 49' N.

SPITZEBACH, a rrvrr of Austrian Snabia, which run- into the Eltzact) ; near UDper .VVinden.

SPIXWORTH, a town of England, near Norwich.

SPLAGHNUM, in botany, a genus of plants belonging to the class of eryptogamia, and order of tnusci. The antherae are Cylindrical, and grow on a large coloured apophysis or umbraculum. The calyptra is caducous. The female star grows on a separate stem. There are fix species; viz. I. Splachnum Ampvllaceum;1. Anoustatum; 3. Luteum; 4. Rubrum; 5. Sphæricum; and, 6. Vasculosum. Two of these are natives of Britain: viz.

t. Splachnum Ampui-lateum, the ereivet splachnum, is" found in bogs and marshes, and oft n upon cow-dung. It grows in thick tufts, and is about two inches high. The leaves are oval Unceolate, terminated with a long point ar beard'. The top of the filament or peduncle (Wells into the form of an inverted cone, which I.innarus terms an afefhy/h, or umhraculum; upon the top of which is placed a cylindrical anthera, like the neck of a crewet. The calyptra is conical, and resembles a small extinguisher.

a. Splachnum Vasculosum, the aeorn-fhaped splachnum, is found upon bogs and cow-dung, and upon the points of rocks on the top of the Highland mountains, as on Ben-Lomond, and in the Isle of Sky, and elsewhere. This differs little from the preceding, and perhaps is no more than * variety. The filaments are about an inch'high. The leaves oval-acute, not so lanceolate and bearded as the other. The apophysis, and the anthera *t the top of it, form together nearly an oval figure, not unlike an acorn in its cup, the apophysis being transversely semi-oval, and of a blood-red colour, the anthera short and conical. The calyptra is the fame as that of the other. The operc iilum is short and obtuse, and the rim of the anthera has 8 large horizontal cilia. The anthera of the other is also ciliated, but not so distinctly. It h an elegant moss, and very distinguishable on account ot' its orange-coloured filaments and dark* red capsules.

(1.) • SPLANCHNOLOGY. n.f. [spianehnologic, French; **x*yxy*. and A treatise

or description of the bowels. Di8.

(a.) Splawchholooy. See Anatomy, Index.

* To SPLASH, v. a. [plasta, Swedish. They have both an affinity with plajh.\ . To daub with dirt in great quantities.

SPLASHY, adj. [from fp'.ajh.\ Full cf dirty w.itei; apt to daub.

To SPLAY, v.a. To dislocate or break a horse's shouhler-bone:.

* SPLAYFOOT, adj. [splay or display, and soot.] Having the foot turned inward.—

Though still some traces of ojr rustic vein, And splayfoA v?rse remain'd. Pope.

* SPLAYMOUTH. n. s. [Jplay and mouth.] Mouth widened by design.—

Hadst thou bnt Janus-like a face behind, To Ice the people whensplaynioutbi thty make.

'■ *' 'DryJen.

(t.) * SPLEEN, n.s [splen, Latin.] «. The milt; one of the viscera, ot which the: use il scarcely known. It is supposed the seal of anger, melancholy, and mirth.—If the wound be on the left hypochondriuir, under the short ribs, you may conclude the spleen wounded. Wiseman. 1. Anger; spire; ili-humoitr.—

His solemne queen, whosespleene he was disposed

To tempt yet further. Chapman.

If she must teem, Create her child of spleen. Shak.

Kind pity checks my spleen. Dunne.

They vent tbeirsplfen aioiid: Lav down those honour'd spoils". Dryden.

In noble minds some dregs remain, Not yet purg'd off, ol spleen. Pope.

3. A fit of anger.—

Charge not in your spleen a not le person.


4. A sudden motion; a fit.—

Brief as the lightening in the collied night, That, in a spleen, unfolds both beav'11 and earth.


$. Melancholy j hypochondriacal vapours.— The spleen with l'ulien vapours clouds the brain,

And binds the spirits in its heavy chain.


Spleen, vapours, and small-pox above them all. Pops' Bodies chang'd to lecent forms by spleen.


6. Immoderate merriment.—

They that desire the spleen. Shak. (O Spi.FKN, in.anatomy. See Anatomy.

• SPLEENED. adj. [from spleen.] Deprived of the spleen.—Animals spleened grow salacious. Athuthnnt.

* SPLEENFUL, adj. {spleen and>//.] Angry; peevish; fretful; melancholy.—

Myself have calm'd theirspletvsul mutiny.


The chearful soldiers, with new stores lupply'd,

Now long to execute their spleenful will.


—The whistling of the wind is better mufick to contented minds than the opera to the spleenful. Pope.

•SPLRENLESS. adj. [from spleen.] Kind; gentle; mild. Obsolete.—

Kspletnless wind lo stretcht Her wings to waft u". Chapman. (l.J • SPLEEN'.VORT. n.f. [spleen nodiuort;


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