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•C SlsYWURMJM Terrestrf., land rocket, or Avrjai water -radish. The l~nves are pinnatifid; the pods are tilled with feed; the root Is annual, and white; tie stem is angular, red-green, and ir^b. ...
SISYPHUS, in fabulous history, the son of ÆoInland Enaretf.and brotherof Atham As.hkisalMo*eus. He married jVIerope one of the Pleiadt s, who bore him Glaucus. He built Ephyra in Peirjouonesus, called afterwards Corintji, and was a rrnr crafty man. Others fay, that he was a Trojan secre'ary, who was punished for discoverms secrets of state ; and other' again, that he was i notorious robber, killed by Theleus. He debauched bis nice Tyro, who killed the two sons lie had by him. AU the poets a^ree that he was panhtied in Tartarus for his crimes, by rolling a
The egg laid bath only a quickening heat wfcrrl Riefittctb. Bacon.—She mistakes a piece of chalk tor an Cm, and fits upon it. Addr/on. g. To be adjusted ; to be with respect to rilnt/s or uusitnesi, decorum or mdecoium.—
This new and gorgeo»3 garment, majesty, * Sits not so easy on me as you think. Sbak. How troublesome itsuie upon my head. Sbak. —Your preferring that to all other considerations does fit well upon yon. Locke. 9. To be placed in order to be painted.—One is under no more obligation to extol every thing he finds in the author he translates, than a painter is to make every factf W\aXfits to him handsome. Garth, ic To be ini any situation or condition.—as a farmer cannot husband his ground so well, if he sit at a great rent; so'.he merchant cannot drive hid trade lo
rreat stone to the top of a hill, which constantly well, if he sit at a great usury. Bacon.—Would
KeoOed, and, roiling down incessantly, renewed la? labour, without end.
SISYRINCHIUM, in botany, a genus of plants belonging to the class of grnandria, and order of triundria: and in the natural system ranged under the 6th order, Ensatx. The spatha is diphvilous; there are 6 piane petals. The capsule is trilocular and inferior. There are two species;
1. Sisyrikchium Bermudiana, a native of Benruda: ai d
1. Sisyrikchium PaLmifolium, with leaves refcr.Hing those of she palin tree. . S1SZEK, or Sisseg. See Sisseg.
\\.) * To SIT. v: n. preterite, / sat. [sitan, Gu;hick; jitian, Saxon; setien, Dutch.J f. To rcS upon the buttocks.—
Their wives do sit beside them carding wool.
Aloft in awful state, ■ The godlike hero sat. Dryden. a. To oerch.—
What ihould I do but sit cock on the hoop?
j. To ftcin a state of rest, or idleness.—Shall ye nt here? Numbers.—
Why sit we here each other viewing idly?
4. To be in any local position.—
Plucking the grafs to know where sits the wind. Sbak. Those
Appointed to sit there had left their charge.
The ships are ready and the wind sits fair.
3. T> reft as a weight or burthen.— . >
Your brother's death 'sits at your heart. Shak. —The calamity sits heavy on os. Taylor.—To tod and Ding, and to be restless, only makes the birder that is upon it sit more uneasy. Tiilotfoh.
Horrour heavy sat on every mind. Dryden. —Nothing can equal the uneasiness that sits lo heavy upon us. Locke. 6. To fettle; to abide.—
That this new comer shame, There sit not and reproach us. Milton.
A sudden silence sate upon the sea. Dryden.
Pale horrour sat on each Arcadian face. Dr yd. J. To brood; to incubate.—The partridge sitteth on tgg», and hatcheth them uot. Jer. xvu. a.— Vol. XXI. Part I.,
the tenants Jit easier ist( their rents than now? Swift. 11. To be settled, as an assembly of a puhlick or authoritative kind; to hold a session; as, the parliament sits: the lajl general council fate at Trent. 11. To be placed at the table.—Whe-; ther is greater he that sitteth at meat, or he that ferveth! Luke, xxii. 27. tj. To exercise authority.—The judgment ("hall Jit, and take away hia dominion. Dan.—Asses are ye that Jit in judgment. Judges, v. Io.'tt
The Persian in Ecbatanfats. MiltotH —One council Jits upon life and death, the other/ is for taxes. Addifon.—
Assert, ye fair ones,- who in judgment fit, Your ancient empire over love and wit. Rome, 14. To be in any solemn assembly as a menYber.— Three hundred and twenty men fat in council daily. 1 Mac. 15. To Sit down. Down is lit,tle more than emphatical.-^Go and/t down to meat. Luke, xvii. 7.—We fit down to our meal. .Down of Piety. 16. To Sit down. To begin a siege.— Nor would the enemy have fate down before it, till they have done their business. Clarendon. 17. To Sit down. To rest r to. cease as satisfied.— Here we cannot Jit down. Rogers. 18. To Si r down. To settle: to six abode.—From beside Tanais, the Gotbs, Huns, and fietes fat down. Spen 'er. 19. To Sit out. To be without engagement or employment.—They are glad, rather than fit out, to play very small game. Sanderson. 20. To Sit up. To rise from lying to fitting.—-"He that was dead, fat up. Luke, vii. 21. To Sit up. To watch; not to go to bed.—
• Entertain, and feast, fit */, and revet.
Some fit up late at winter fires. May. —Most children Ihorten tha< time by fitting up with the company at night. Locke.
(2.) * To Sit. I>. a. 1. To keip the feat upon. H.irdly the male can fit the head-strong horse.
3. [When the reciprocal pronoun follows fit, it seems to be an active verb-1 To place on a feat.— The happiest youth viewing his progress thro'. Would (hut the bowk, and fit him down and. die. Sbak—He came to visit us, and calling for a ebair,j4* him down. Hacoit.— •
They fat them down to weep. Milton.
-C , '1. 11) X- To be settled to do business.—The court was sat before Sir Roger came. jiddison.
SITANG, a river of Hindoostan, a branch of (he Pf.gu, which runs into the bay of Bengal.
SITAWACA, a town of Ceylon: 44 miles 5SW. of Candi.
(1.) * SITE. n. s. \Jtus, Lat.] 1. Situation; local position.—
Three sides by site it well defenced has. Fairs. —Manifold streams of goodly navigable rivers environed the fame fite and temple. Bacon.—'Tia only the site and posture of their several parts that give it the form and functions of a heart. Bentley. Before my view appear'd a structure fair,
Its Jits uncertain if on earth or air. Pope. 2. It is taken by Thomson for posture, or situation of a thing with respect to itseif; but improperly, And leaves the semblance of a lover fix'd
In melancholy site, with head declin'd. Thorns.
(1.) Site denotes sometimes the ground-plot, or spot of earth, a house stands on.
SITENSKOI, a town of Russia, in Novogorod, rear the Ilmen.
(1.) * Si'tfast. n.s. \sit and sift.} A hard knob growing under the saddle. Farrier t DicJ.
(i.)SiTFAST. See Farriery, Part IV. Sett. IX.
* SITH. adv. [Jithe, Sax.] Since; seeing that. Obsolete.—What ceremony of odours used about the bodies of the dead! after which custom notwithstanding, fith it was their custom, our Lord was contented that his own most precious blood should be intombed. Hooker.—
I'll love no friend, fith love breeds such offence. Shakespeare. (t,)* SITHE. n.s. \Jtbe, Saxon. This word is variously written by authors: I ha>e chosen the orthography which is at once most simple and most agreeable to etymology.] The instrument of mowing; a crooked blade joined at right angles to a long pole.—
This present breath may buy That honour which shall 'bate hisscytkt's keen edge:
And make us heirs of all eternity. Sbak. —Time is commonly drawn an old man, baid, winged, with a Jithe, and an hour-glass. Pear/jam. There, as master of this murd'ring brood, Swinging a hugescithe, stands impartial death.
The mower whets his scithe. Mi/ton.
tin fry the revers'd.' Pope.
Time fits with his Jythe to mow
The fooli'h man thereat woxe wond'rous
And humbly thanked him a thousandstth.
* SITIIENCE. adv. [Now contracted to since. •Hre Since.] Since; in litter times.—This was llie Ik ginning of all the other evils which sitbence r. vo afflicted that land. Spenstr.
* SITHNESS. -adv. Since. Spenser.
i i4'l'iI0N, an island io the Ægean Sea.
SITHONIA, a country of ancient Thrice 5 between mount Haemua and the Danube.
SITIA, a town of European Turkey, on the N. coast of the isle of Candia, on a bay so named 1 58 miles from Candia. Lon. »6. 29. E. Lat. o. N.
S1TJES, a town of Spain, in Catalonia: la. miles S W. of Barcelona.
SITIGNAK, «n islind of Russia, in the N. Pacific Ocean. Lon. 1950 E. Ferro. Lat. J3. 30. N.
SITIPHA. See Seteef.
SITONES, an ancient people of Germany, or as others fay of Norway. Tacit, de Germ. 45.
S1TOPHYLAX, [s,t,?ux«s, Gr. from r-rt, corn, and jo*.*?, keeper,] in antiquity, an Athenian magistrate, who had the superintendence of the corn, and was to take care that nobody bought more than was necessary for the provision of his family. By the Attic laws, particular persons were prohibited from buying more than 50 measures of wheat a man; and that such persons might not purchase more, the -sitopbylax was appointed to fee thelaws properly executed. It was a capital crime to prevaricate in it. There were 15 of thesesStopbylaces, ten for the city, and five for the Pireasus.
S1TTA, the Nuthatch, in ornithology, a genus belonging to the class of aves, and order of picas. It is thus characterized by Dr Latham. The bill is for the most part straight \ on the lower mandible there is a small angle; nostrils small, covered with bristles reflected over them ; tongue short, horny at the end, and jagged; toes placed three forward and one backward : the middle toe joined closely at the base to both the outmost; back toe as large aa the middle one.—There are 11 species: viz.
I.su Ta Cafra; a. Canadensis; 3. CaroLinensis; 4. Chloris; 5. Europæa; 6. JaMaicensis; 7. Loncirostra; 8. Major; 9. Nævia; 10. Pusilla; Ii. SurinAmensis. Of these the following are the most remarkable:
I. Sitta Europæa, the European Nuttatch, is in length near 5 J inches, in breadth 9; the bill is strong and straight, about three 4ths of an inch long; the upper mandible black, tke lower white: the irides are hazel; the crown of the head, back, and coverts of wings, of a fine bluish grey; a black stroke passes over the eye from the mouth: the cheeks and chin are white; the breast and belly of a dull orange-colour; the quill-feathers dulky; the wings underneath are marked with two spots, one white at the root of the exterior quills, the other black at the joint of the bastard v»tn[;; the tail consists of 11 feathers; the two middle are grey, the two exterior feathers tipt with grey ; then succeeds a transverse white spot v beneath that the rest is black: the legs are of a pale yellow; the back toe very strong, ind the claws large. The female is like the male, but lese in size, and weighs commonly 5 or at most 6 drams. The eggs are 6 or 7, of a dirty white, dotted with rufous; these are deposited in some hole of a tree, frequently one which has been deserted by a woodpecker, on the rotten wood mixed with a little moss, &c. If the^ntrance be too large, the bird nicely stops up part of it with clay, leaving only a small hole for itself to pass in and out by. While the hen is sitting, if anv one put's a bit of
fcickinto tbe hole, sbe hisse3 like a snake, and is vetic republic, which rises in the canton of Ap» so attached to her erg", that she will sooner suffer penzell, and falls into the Thur, 9 miles W. of a»y one to pluck off her feathers than sly away. St Gall.
During the time of incubation, the male supplies * SITTING, ti. s. [from/r.] t. The posture her with sustenance, with all the tenderness of an of sitting on a feat. a. The act of resting on a affectionate mate. These birds run up and down feat.—Thou knowest ray dawn-fitting. Psal. 3. A the bodies of trees, Jike the woodpecker tribe« time at which one exhibits himself to a painter.— ind seed net only on insects, but nuts, of which Few good pictures have been finished at one fittiser lay up a considerable provision in the hollows ting. Dry Jen. 4. A meeting of an assembly.— of tree*. *' It is a pretty sight, fays Mr Wiflough- The which shall point you forth at every •v, to see her fetch a nut out of her hoard, place fitting,
rt fast in a chink, and then, standing above it with What you must lay. Shak. it} bead downwards, striking it with all its force, —1 wish it may be at that sitting concluded, inbreak the shell, and catch ap the kernel. It is con. 5. A course of study unintermitted.—I read supposed not to deep perched o» a twig like o- it all through at one sitting. Locke. 6. A time for ther birdi; for when confined in a cage, it prefers which one sits, as at play, or work, or a visit.— sleeping in a hole or corner. When at rest it One short Jilting many hundred drain*. Dryd. keep* the head down. In autumn it begins to 7. Incubation.—The male bird takes his stand umike a chattering noise, being silent for the great- pon a neighbouring bough, and amuses her with, est part of tbe year." Dr Piott tells us, that this his songs during the whole time of her fitting. bird, by puttii g its bill into a crack in the bough .Addison.
«f a tree, can make such a violent sound as if it S1TT1NGBURN, a town of England, in Kent, was reeding asunder, so that the noise may be on the road to Canterbury, incorporated by Q. heard at ieaft 140 yards. Elizabeth. It has several good inns: at one of
1. Sitta Longirostra, the great book-billed which called tbe Red Lion, K. Henry V, and all nathatcb, is the largest of the known nuthatches: his retinue were entertained on their return from its bill, though pretty straight, is inflated at the France, by a gentleman, named Norwood, at the middle, and a little booked at the end; the nos- expense of only 99. 9d.; wine being then id. a this are round; the quills of the tail and of the quart, and everything else in proportion. (Brookes.) icings edged with orange on a brown ground ; the It is 11 miles SE. of Rochester, 16 W. of Canterthroat white; the head and back gray; the under bury, and 40 E. by S. of London. Lon. o. 48. £. side of the body whitish. It was observed by Lat. 51. 19. N.
Sioane in Jamaica. Its total length is about 7^ * SITUATE, pert. adj. [from situs, Lat.] t. ircbei; the bill is 8 lines and one third; the up- Placed with respect to any thing else.—rBretagne per ma'idtble a little protuberant near the middle; being so great and opulent a duchy, and situate tbe mid toe 8 lines and one 3d; the alar extent so opportunely to annoy England. Bacon.— n£ inches; the tail about 13 lines. Full fairly_/fr»aff on a haven's side. Dryden.
3.sitta Surinamensis, the spotted or Surinam —The eye is so artificially composed, and comxutbctcb, is another American nuthatch, with a rr.od'toullystihite, as nothing can be contrived bethooked bill; but drffers from the preceding in ter for use, ornament, or security. Ray. a. Plafize, plumage, and climate: it inhabits Dutch ced: consisting.—
Guiana. See PI. CCXXXVII. The upper side Pleasurestuate in hill and dale. Miltoit. of the head and of the body is of a dull ash-co- * SITUATION, n. s. [from situate; situation, four; the superior coverts of the wings of the Fr.] r. Local respect; position.—Prince Cesarini same colour, but terminated with white; the has a palace in a pleasant situation. Addison. 2. throat white; the brOtft and all the under side of Condition; state.—This i9 a situation of the greattbe body cinereou«, and more dilute than the up- est ease and tranquillity in human life. Rogers. 3. per fide, with white streakes scattered 011 the Temporary state j circumstances. Used os perbreaft and side?, which forms a fort of speckling; sons in a dnimatick scene.
the bill and legs brown. Total length, about fix SITUS, in algebra and geometry, denotes the iocke>; tbe bill, an inch: the tarsus, lilies; situation of lines, surfaces, &c. Wolfius delivers the mid toe, 8 or 9 lines, and longer than the some things in geometry which are not deduced hind to?, whose nail is the strongest; the tail, a- from the common analysis, particularly matters bout 18 lines; consisting of i% nearly equal quills, depending on the situs of lines and figures. Leibxnd exceeds the wings 13 or 14 linea. Buffon. nitz has even founded a particular kind of analy
SITTACE, a town of Assyria: Plist. vi. c. 27. lysii upon it, called calculus situ*.
SITTA RT, a town of the French empire, in SITZENBERG, a town of Germany, in the the dep. of the Roer, and ci-devant duchy of Ju- empire of Austria: 10 miles WSW. of Tulln. Ikrs: 1; miles S. of Ruremond. SITZKOI, a town 0/ Russia, in Olonetz.
S1TTENSEN, a town of Germany, in Weft- SIVA, or Sheevah, a name given, by the Hin<phalia, and duchy of Verden: 18 miles NE. of doos to the Supreme Being, considered as the »■ Ryttenburg. njenger or destroyer. Sir William Jones has shown
(1.) * SITTER, n. f. [from //.] r. One that that in several respects the character of Jupiter 6ti.—The Turks are great fitters. Bacon, a. A and Siva are the fame. As Jupiter overthrew the bird that broods.—The oldest hens are reckoned Titans and giants, so did Siva overthrow the Daithe best fitters. Mortimer^' tyas or children of Diti, who frequently rebelled
U-j Sitter, Ui sciagraphy, a river.pf the Hfl- against shaven; and a» during tb.e contest the
C » • god
pod of Olymplis was furnished wish 1'pMning and thunderbolts by an eagle, so Brahma, who is sometime* repri sensed riding on the Garuda, or eagle, presented the god of destruction with fiery shaft*. Siva also corresponds wish Pinto; for, hi a Persian translation of the Bhagavat, the sovereign of Pataia, or the infernal regions, is the king of serpents, named Skshanaga, whois exhibited in painting and sculpture, with a diadem and sceptre, in the same manner as Pluto. There is yet another attribute of Siva or Mahadcva, by which he is visibly distinguished in the drawings and temples of Bengal. To destroy, according to the Vedantii of India, the Sujfs ot Pnsia, and many philosophers of our European schools, is only to generate and reproduce in another form. Hence the god of destruction is holden in this country to preside over generation, as a synibol ot which he rides on a white bull. See Kukopa. , 5JVAN, in Jewish chronology, the 3d month of the Jewish sacred year, and 9th ot their civil; answering to part of our May and Jmie. On the 6th was the feast of Pentecost; and on the i^th and 16th a festival for a victory of the Maccabees.
SIUM, Water Paksnep, in botany, a genus of plants belonging to the class of pentanii'in, and order of digyuia, and in the natural system ranging under the 4jth order, Umbellate. The fruit is a little ovated, and streaked. The involucrum is polyphyllous, and the petals are heart-shaped. There are ii species; viz. •'
I. SlUM ANGUSTIFOL1UM; 2. DECUMBENS;
j. Falba.rica J. 4. Græcum; 5. Japonicum;
C. i.ATIFOUUM; 7. Ninsi; 8.. NODI FLORUM; 9. Repens; 10. Rigidus; II. Siculus; II. Msarum, Of these the first 3 following are native* of Britain: ■
1. Sium Anoustifolium, the narrow-leaved tvttter parsnep, has pinnated leaves; the axillary umbels are peduncujated, and the general involucrum is pinnatifid.' It growe in ditches and rivulets, but is not common. ■,'
%. Sium Lat|folium, the %xeflt waterparfncp, grows Jpontaneoufjy in-many plases both ot England and Scotland on the sides of lakes, ponds, and rivulets. The stalk is erect and furrowed, three feet high or more.. The leaves are pinnated with three or four pair of l irge elliptic pinnae, with an odd one at the, end, all serrated on the edges. The stalk and branches arc terminated with erect umbels, which is the chief characteristic of the species. Cattle are said to have run tn^d by feeding upon this plaat.
_ 3. SlUM NODIFLORUM, reclining water parsnep, has pinnated Ieave6, but the axillary umbels are sessile. It grows on the sides of rivulets.
4. Sium Sisarum, the Skirret, is a native of Cli.ina, but has been long cultivated in Europe, particularly in Germany. The root is a bunch of fleshy fibres, each of which is about as thick as a finger, but very uneven, covered with a whitish scugh bark, and has a hard core or pith running through the centre. From the crown of this bunch come f-veral winged leaves, consisting of two or three pair of oblong dentated lobei each, and terminated by an odd one. The stalk rifts to about two feet, is fel with leaves at the joints, axd breaks into branches towards the top, each
terminating with an umbel of small whi'e f!ovier», which are succeeded by striated feeds like thole of parsiey. Skirrets come nearest to parltieps of any of the esculent mots, both for flavour and nutritive qualities. They are rather swtetcr than the pail'ntp, and therefore to some ualatcs are not altogether so agreeable. Mr Margraaf extracted from \ Ib. of skirret root i\ ounces at"
SIUN.'a river of China, which runs into the Han, near Sinn-yam.
• Siun-yam, a town of China, of the 3d rank, in Chen-si: 10 miles ENE. of Jling-ngan.
S1VRAI, a town of France, in the dtp. of Vienne, and ci-detttnt prov. of Poitou: seated on. the Charente, miles from Poitiers, and ito SE. of Paris. Lon. o. o. E. Lat. 46. 16. N.
SIVREY Sur Misuse, a town of France, on the rivtr and in the riep. of the Meuse: 7! inues S. of Stenay, and 10 J N. of Verdun.
SIVRY La Pkrche, a town of France, in the dep. of the Metric": 3 miles W. of Verdun, and j ENE. of Clermont in Argonoe.
SIUT, Srift, or Ofiot, .a town of F.^ypt, on au artificial mount, supposed to be the ancient XicopcUs, where the woif was worshipped. See Si OUT.
SIUTCHEN, one o! the Kurule Islands, in the N. Pacific Ocean. Lon. 169. 40. E. Ferro. Lat. 47. 30. N.':
• SUVA, \ or Siouah, a town in Egypt, W. SIWAH, 5 of Alexandria, built on a small fertile spot, surrounded on all (ides by desert laud. A large proportion of this space is filled with date trees.; but there are.also pomegranates, rigs, and olives, apricots, and plantains; and the gardens are remarkably flourishing. They cultivate rice, of a reddish hue, different from that of the Delta. The remainder of the cultivable lard furnishes wheat enough for the inhabitants. Water, both, salt and frelli, abounds; but the spring! which furnish the latter aie most of them tepid. The greatest curiosity about Siwa is a ruin ot undoubted antiquity, which, according to Mr Browne, resembles exactly those of Upper Egypt, and was erected and adorned by the fame intelligent race of men. The figures of lfis and Anubis are conspicuous among the sculptures; and the proportions are those of the Egyptian temples, though in mi'iiature. What of it remain? is a fingie apartment, built of massy stones, of the fame kind as those of which the pyiamids consist. The length is 31 feet, the height 18, the width 15. A gate, at one end, forms the principal entrance; and two doors open opposite; to each other. The other end is quite ruinous. Jn the interior are 3 rows of emblematical figures, representing a procession ; and the space between them is filled with hieroglyphic characters. • It has been supposed, with some degree of probability, that Siwa is tbe SiRoptiM of Pliny, and that this building was coeval with the famous temple of Jupiter Ammon, and a dependency on it. The complexion of the people is darker than that of the other Egyptians. Their dialect is also different. Their sect is. that of Malik. The lower classes are almost naked; the dress of the superior ranks approaches nearer tQ»that of the Arabs of the desert than of the Egyptians or Mjois. Tbeir clothing
consists rin'fts as a shirt of white cotton, with larre ticevea» and reaching to thr sett; a red Tuniline cap, without a turban ; and slices ot the fame co)jor. Their household furniture consists of some r in ben ware made by themselves, and a few mats; none bet tnc nchrr order being possessed of coptier utensils. They trade with Cairo and Alexan■jo. They eat little animal food: cakes, without km, kneaded, and then haft baked, form their bread ; with thin sheets of paste, fried in the tai of the palm tree, rice, milk, dates, &c. They <*rafc the liquor extracted from the date tree, vtuen has often the power of inebriating. Their oawttic animals are, the hairy deep and goat of tfypt, the a's, and a very smali number of oxen -cd camels. The women are veiled.* After the ranis, the ground near Sivra is covered with fait f<ir many weeks. Lon. 44. 54. £. Lat. 19. 11. N.
S1WAS, a city of Asiatic Turkey, capital of a pachaiic lo named, in Caramania. In 1.594, it was tak^n by Baiazet J. and soon after by Tamerhnr, wRo destroyed it and slaughtered the inhabitant*. It is now walled, and defended by a caftK ; and is 375 miles £. of Constantinople. Lon. _«5- o. E. Ferro. Lat. 59. 50; N.
(1.) • SIX. n. s. L/Rr, Fr.) Twice three; one more than live-—All things else are likeJix singers to the hand. Dryden.—Six hath many respects in it, not only for the days of the creation, but as bang a perfect number. Brtxwn.
U-}*Six Amd Seven, n.s. To be at Jix and /nva,uto be in a state of disorder and confusion. •A ludicrous expression that has been long in use.
Every thins; is left at Jix and Je-vcn. Shuk. —lo 11SS, there fat in the ice ot Roue a fierce ituwJcriiig friar, that would set all at Jvc and ftrxn, or at fix and five, it you allude to his name. haisn.— f • *
What blinder bargain ere was dnv'n, Or wager laid at fix and seven. Hudibr<xs. —John once turned his mother out of doort, to b» great sorrow ; for his affairs went on at fixes ad sevens. Arbutbnot.—
The goddess would Ed longer wait; But rising from her chair of state, ■ ■ Left all below at fix and seven.- Swift. L3.) Six Clerks, officers in chancery of great account, next in degree below the 11 masters, • Lose business is to inrol commissions, pardons, ritcots, warrants, <5cc. which'pass the great leal, «r4 to transact and tile all proceedings by bill, answer, &.c. They were anciently clenci, and surfeited their places, if they married; but when the coc&tntion ot' the court began to alter; a law was œ*2t to permit them to marry. Stat. 14. and 15. Hen.VslL cap. 8. They are aiso solicitors for W-xi in suits depending in the court of chancery. Coder them are 6 deputies and 60 clerk9, who, •nth the uuder clerks, do the business of the office.
Six Nations, Indians who live on the banks of toe Niagara. See Oneioas, and Seneca, N° 9. The following information was communicated to .tie Royal Sjciety of London by Mr Richaid M'Causland, surgeon to the 8th regiment of font, who, writing from the best authority, informs us, llttt each nation is divided into three tribes, of which the principal are called tjic turtle tribe, the
<wo!f trihe, and the bear tribe. Each tribe has two ur moie chiefs, called sachems; and this distinction is always hereditary in the family, but cicl'ctnds along the female lire: sol instance, if a chief dies, one of his lister's Ions, or one of hi* own brothers, will be appointed to iueecad him. Among these no preference Is given to proximity or primogeniture; but the sachem, during hii lifetime, pitches upon one whom he supposes to have more abilities than the rest ; and in this choice he frequently consults the principal men of the tribe. If the successor happens to be a child, the offices of the post arc performed by some of his friends, until lie is of sufficient age to act himself. Each of these posts of sachem has a name peculiar to it, and which never changes, as it is alw ays adopted by the successor; nor does the order of precedency of each of these names or titles ever vary. Nevertheless, any sachem, by abilities and activity, may acquire greater power and influence in the nation than those who rank before him in point of precedency; but this is merely temporary, and dies with him. Each tribe has one or two chief warriors; which dignity is also hereditary, and has a peculiar name attached to it. These are the only titles of distinction which are permanent in the nation; for although any Indiau may, by superior talents, either as a counsellor or as a warrior, acquire influence in the nation, yet it is not in his power to transmit this to his family. The Indians have also their great women as well as their great men, to whose opinions they pay great deference; and this distinction is all j hereditary in families. They do not lit in council with the sachems, but have separate ones of their own.—When war is declared, the sachem* and great women generally give up the management of public affairs into the hands of the wairiors. But a sachem may at the lame time be a to a chief warrior.
Sixfour, a town of France, in the dep. of the Var: 9 miles SW. of Toulon.
SIXILL, a small town of England, in Lincolnsh. with ruins of an abbey; SE. of Maiket-Kailih. 1 Six-men Fort, a fort of Barbadoei, one mile N. of Speight's town.
■ (1.) Six-MtLE Bridge, a town.of Ireland, in Clare county, Muuster: 102 miles from DubliuLon. 8. 40. W. Lat. 51. 40. N. .
(a-.) Six-Mat Bridge, a small town of Ireland, in Limerick county, Munster.
* Sixpence, n.s. [Jix and pence.] A coin; half a milling.— • •
Where have you left the money that I gave you?
Oh \—sixpence that I had. Sbah.
The wisest man might blush, If L>— tov'dsixpence more thau he. Po'-e.
* Sixscore. adj. L//xandscore.] Six times twenty.—Six/Tore and five miles it coutairrcth. Sandys. —The crown of Spain hath enlarged the bounds thereof within this last sixscore years. Bacon.
S1XT, a town ot France, in the dep. of II !e and Vilaine; 6 miles N. of Redon, and 15 S3W of Renncs.
* SIXTEEN, adj. [sixtyne, Sax,] Six and ten. —I have heard of others that it would return fix.