Page images
PDF

Sir ki n^,

This man is better than the nun he flew. Sbak. ►—The ambassador laid to him, Sir, let it not displease you. Bacon. %. The title of a knight or baronet. This word was anciently so much held essential, that the Jews in their addresses expressed it in Hebrew characters.—Sir Horace Vcre.Tns brother, was the principal. Bacon.

Sir Balaam hangs. Pope.

3. It is sometimes used for man.

Your great judgment, In the election of a sir so rart. Sbak.

4. A title given to the loin of beef, which or e of our kings knighted in a fit of good humour.—He loit his roast-beef stomach, not being able to touch i j/'r-loin which was served up. Adiitfan.

And the strong table groans Bentath the iinoaking j/r-ioin. Thomson.

—It would be ridiculous, if a spit which is lliong

enough to turn a jir-ioin of bees, should not be" a

blc to turn a lark. Swift.

(i.) Sia, fordistinction's fake, as it is now given

jndis.riminately to all men, is always pn fixed to

the knight's Christian, name, cither in speaking or

Writing to them.

(3.) Sir, in geocraphy, a river of Tartary,

Vhich rises in the mountains about ifio ni'lcs W.

of Kafkgar, and rui.s into the lake of Aiai, in Lat.

45. J p. N.

(4.) Sir Albert's Bridge, a small town cs Ireland, near a bridge so named, in the county of Donegal, Ulster; 110 miles from Dublin.

Is.) Sir. Bibv's Islam?, a small illand in Hudson's Bay. Lon. 93. 4c. E- Lat. 61. 35. N.

(6.) Sir Charles Hardy's Island, an iflmd in the S. Pacific Ocean, discovered by Capt. Carteret, in 176;. It isltvtl, green, pleasant, of considerable extent, and abounds with wood. Lon. 153. 32. E. Lat. 4. jo. S.

(7.) Sir Charlis Saundfrs's Island, an island tn the S. Pacific ocean, discovered by Capt. Wallis, in 1707. It is about 6 miles long from E. to W. an.l has a mountain of considerable height'in the ctlitre, which seemed to be teitilr. The inhabitanti arc neither numerous, nor civi1 zed. Lon. Iji. 4. W. Lat. 17. 18. S.

(14.) Sir Thomas Rove's, Welcome, a large hay in the N. part of Hudson'!. Bay.

SIRACUSE. See Syracuse.

SlKADIAj a town of Great Poland, capital of : ci-devant palatinate so named, now in the possession of the K. of Prussia; with a castie, seated on a plain, on the- Warra; 6: miles NE. of Warra, and 105 N. ot Cracow. Lou. 18. 53. E. Lat. jr. 3*«N,

S1RAF, a {own of Persia, in Lnistan, on the N. coast of the rVrsian Gins, chiefly inhabited by Arabians: 30 miles SW. of Lar.

SI RAN, a town of France, in the department of the Herauit: it miles SW. of St Pons.

II.) SIRANI, John Andrew, an eminent histo1 nal painter, born at Bologna, in 1610. He was a disciple of Gmdo. His Last Supper, at Rome, ib much admired, lie died in 1670.

(1.) Sirani, Elizabeth, daughter and disciple <-f the preceding, was born at Bologna, iu 1638. iit*e..-c (he reaclied her 15th year, she was reckon

ed a piodigy in painting. She painted in tie* manner of her father and e qualled him. She died in 1664.

S1RAVAN, a town of Persia, in Chusistan; 48 miles NNE. of Suiter.

SIRBO, in ancient geography, a lake between Egypt and Palestine, now called Scbaket Bardoii. Piin. iv. c. 13.

SIRCAR, n.f. any office under the government in Hindoostan. It is sometimes used for the state of government itself: also for a province, or any number of Pcrgunnahs placed under one head in the government books, fir convenient y in keeping accounts. In Bengal, the under banyans of European gentlemen are called iir;ars. See CiR

CAR.

(l.) * SIRE. n.f. [.'ire, Fr. senior, Lat.] I. A father. Used in po try.—

He, but a duke, would have his son a king, And raise his issue like a loving fire. Skak.

A virgin is bis mother, but his fire The pow'r of the most High. Milton 1 Par. lost. Whose ft rtj$ gtteit part ncrs Id my l<tihci't> care,

Saluted their young king. Prior. Whether his haaryjre he spies,

Or meets his spouse's fonder eye. Pope. a. It is used in common speech of beasts; as, the hotfe had a .rood fire, but a bad dam. 3. It is used in composition : as, graiid^re, great-grand;/frf.

(2.) Sire was a title of honour formerly given to the king of France as a mark of sovereignly.

(3.) Sire, was likewise anciently used in the same sense with Sieur. and Seicncur, and applied to barons, gentiemen, and citi2tus.

(4.) Sire, or Sire', in geography, a province of Abyssinia, about 25 miles square. It w as some time a^o united to Tigrc, on account of th; misbehaviour of its governor; but was disjoined from it at the time MrBiuce was in Abyssinia, with the consent of Ras Michael, who bestowed the government of it upon his son. Its western boundary is the Tacaz.ae; Sec Ethiopia, $ (1.

(5.) Sire, a town of Abyssinia, capital of the above - province, largtr than Axutn: but the houses are built of c;ay, and covered w ith thatch; the roofs being in the form of cones, w hich indeed is the shape of all those in Abyssinia. It stands on the brink of a vety steep and narrow valley, through which the road is almost impassable. It i-, famous for a manufacture of cotton ctoth, which passes' for money throughout the whole province. At times, however, beads, nertiles, antimony, and incense, will pass in the same way. The country in the neighbourhood is extremely line i but the inhabitants subject, by the low situation, to puirid fevers. Lon. 38. o. E. Lat. 14' A is" N.

* To Sire. 1: a. To biijet; to produce.— Cowards father cowaids, and base thingsfre the base. Suok.

ft.) SIREN, in zoology, a gen,us of animal--, arianged by Linnæus iu the class ot amphibia and the order t>f mraxtei. But Dr Gmelin has since lorretted the arrangement of that eminent zoologist, aim ranked it under the genus Murxna. See Ms Ran4, N° Z i aud Pl~ «■»•/£■ 8.

(».) * Sli'.EK,

(j.;* Sim •. «./. (Latin.l A goddess ivho en' i- menopterte. The mouth bas two strong jaws j Ced meu by ringing, and devoured them; any there are two truncated palpi or feelers, filiform 0i:fchieT3u? ei.ticcr.— antennae, an exferted, stiff, serrated sting, a sel

S.cg.jf/va, lo thyself, and 1 will dote. Sbak. sue, mucronated abdomen, and anceolated wings. (;.'; Sis-exes, > in fabulous history, werece- There are 7 species.

The Siki Ks, J lebrated songstresses, who S1KG1AN, a town of Persia, in Kermau, fawere racked among the demigods of antiquity, mous for its manufactures of stuffs, and beautiHyjinu* places their birth among the contequen- ful pottery: 60 miles E. of Shirauz, and 105 SE. Cc'j of the rape of Proscrpir.e. Ovid makes them of Ispahan.

slaughters ct the river god, Acheloiia by the Muse (1.) S1RH1ND, Serinda, or Skrinde, a counCaiiiope, or M'.lpomene. Their number was try of Himloostan, N. ofDelbi. j, and their nair.es were Parthinope, (who (3.) Sikhind, or Serinde, the capital of the fire its ancient name to Naples,) Ijgeia, and above territory long famous for its silk manufacU-^ifia; or, as others fay, Alolfxr, slgiaop/jonos, tures, and from whence that manufacture was and Thelxiopt. Some make them h.aif women and twice brought to Eui ope. Procopius records that Lais fish; oltier«, half women and half birds, in the 6th century, in the time of Justinian I. siifc Thcte are antique representations of ttum still was brought from Serind • ; aud M. Condamine kiufirting under both these forms. Pausanias tells fays, that ai'ttr the art had been lost in Europe, et, that the Sirens, by the peisuasion of Juno, by the confusions of the times, it was again challenged the Muses to a trial of skill in singing; brought hack in the 16th century, by the monks aad thcle having vanquiihcd them, plucked the from Serinde. It is 140 miles SE. of Lahore, and fco.dcn feathers from the wings of the Sirens, and 148 NVV. of Delhi, or 195, as Dr Brookes has it. farmed ttem into crown?, with which they adorn- Lon. 75. 15. E. Lit. 29. 55. N. ed their own heads. The Argonauts were divert- SIRI, a mountain and town of Asia, in Thibet, td from the enchantment of their songs by the su- Lon. 93. 45. E. Lat. 28. 5. N. Perior fining of Orpheus: Ul>ss.-s, however, had SIRiA, or V a town ot Asiatic Turkey, in the great difficulty in secuiing himself siom their se- SIRJA, ) pacha^ic ot Aleppo: 70 miles SE. Cuction. Sec 0.ljs. lib. xii. Seme fay, that the of Aleppo.

Such* w*re queens oi the islands named Sirenu- S1RIAN, a.sea port town of Assi, in Pegu, on Si, and chiilly inhabited the promontory of Mi- the Appoo, formerly a place of great trade, when urrva, (See MmtitvÆ Pkomontorium.) upon in poll'elsion of the Portuguese. It has still coniitbe top of which that goddcU had a temple, buiit dcrablc trade with the Britisti, French and Dutch, by Ulysses. Here there was a renowned acade- It is 71 miles S. of Pegu, and 116 1". of Pcrfaiin. ray, faoious for eloquence and the liberal sciences; Lon. 96. 50. E. Ferro. Lat. 16. 54. N. but ai lait they abused their knowledge, to the * S1R1ASIS. n,/. [m^xm.] An inflammation of corruption of manners, and enticed passengers, the brain and its membrane, through an excessive »»no there consumed their patrimonies, in riot and heat of the fun. Did.

cÆrcir.aey. The place is now cased Massa. SIRIC1US, pope of Rome, who succeeded pope Sjae writers tell us of a certain bay, contracted Damasoil. A.D. ^84, to the exclusion of Ursiciwitaia winding straits and broken cliffs, which, nuf. Mis EpijlUs are preserved in Constant's coiby the singing of the winds and beating of the lection. He died A. D. 398. water-, returns a delightful harmony, that allures S1R1ES, Violante Beatrice, a celebntcd Italian luc passenger to approach, who is immediately paintress, born at Florence in 1710. She became ttiiunrn against the rockt, and swallowed up by the disciple of Fratellini, then in high esteem, and toe v:oient eddies. Horace calls idleness a Siren, made great progress under him, in crayons and But the fat.le may be applied to pleasures in gt- water colours. She afterwards went to France, neral, which, if too eagerly pursued, betray the where she acquired the art of painting in oil, and incautious into ruin. Mr Bryant fays, that the executed several portraits of the nobi ity. On ■ S;rens were Cuthitc and Canaanitilh priests, who her return to Florence, Hie was highly patronised had founded templts in Sicily, which were ren- by the grand duke. One of her chief performandered infamous on account of the women who ces is a picture of the whole imperial family, officiated. They were much addicted to cruel S1RIK, a town of France, in the department n\s, so that the sliorcs upon which they resided of the Moselle, and ci-devant duchy of Lorrain^ were covered with the bones of men destroyed by seated on the Moselle, 14 miles SE. of Luxemtneir artifices. Virg. Jin. lib. v. 864. Allan- burg. It is defended by a castle seated on an adcitr.t authors agree, that the Sirens inhabited the jacent hill; and has belonged to France since coaft of Sicily. The name, fays Bochart, in the 1643. Lon. 6. 38. E. Lat. 49. 36. N. Vl^tnician language implies ajongjlrefs. Hence (1.) SIRINAGUR, an extensive rugged counJt is probable, s.iys Dr Burney, that they were ex- try of Alia, between Hindoostan Proper and Thiccllei-t singers, but of corrupt morals. bet; bounded on the N. and NE. hy the moun

S1RENUSÆ, in ancient geograpny, 5 small tains of Thibet; on the SE. by Napaul; on the islands near Capisea, on the coast of Italy, said to S. by llohilla; on the SW. by Delhi, and on the have been anciently inhabited by the Sirens. N\V.,by Lahore.

They a:.- now called CalU. Sec G Alli, N° 3. (x.) Sirin Agur, the capital of the above coun.

SI RET, a river of European Turkey, which try. It is 70 miles ENE. of Hurdwar, and nq mn> :nto the Danube, 4 miles S. of Galacz. NNE. of Delhi, according to Mr Cruttweil; but

SiRL'X, i)i zoology, a genus of anijaals belong- Dr Brookes makes it only 160 N. of it. Lon. 78*. u»j tu the class of inset!}, and to the order of Ij 45. E. Lat. 30. 24. N.

(1.) SIRIS,

.(.r.) SITUS, an ancient name of she Nile. See Xtile, § 5.

(».)sikjs, a river of Abyssinia. See EthioPia, § 6.

(3, 4.) Sims, an ancient town of Italy, in Magna Grarcia, at the mouth of a river ib named, famous for a battle fought on its banks between i'yirhus and the Romans. See Rome, § 25.

(j.)siris, a town of Thrace, in Pœonia.

SIRIUM, in botany; a genus of plants belonging to the class of tetraxdna and orde-r of monogynia. The calyx is quadrifid; there'is no corolla; thenectarium is quadriphyllous and crowning the throat of the caiyx; the germen re below the corolla; the stigma is trifid, and the berry triiocuiar. There is oniy one species;

Sir Him Myrtifolium, tie Myrtle-leaved Sinurru

{ij * SIR1US. n.s. [Latin.] The dogstar.

it.) Sirius, in astronomy, is a bright ft*r in the constellation Cams. See Camjcula U

(3.) Stilus Island, an island in the S. Pacific Ocean, about 18 miles in circuit; discovered by Lieut. Ball, m 1790. Lon. »6t. 30. E. J.it. 10. 52. S.

SIR-LET, Flavins, an eminent Roman engraver on precious stones^ his Laocoon, and representations in miniature of antique statues at V.ome, are very valuable and scar ca. He died in «7.?7

Sjr-loi*. nf. See Sir, N3 t. !>/ 4. SIRMIA. See Sermione. SIRMICH. See Sirmium. SIRMIO. See SE-RMiosE, ST° 1. and «. SIRMIUM, or Sirmich, an ancient and celebrated town of Sclavonia, capital of a county so named. The cmrjcror Probus was born and killed in it. .(See Probus, and Rome, § 78.) In 3.70, the emp-ror Claudius II. died in it, of the plague. In 1668, the imperialists drove the Turks out or it. It is now ruinous, though a bishop's See, founded so early as the reign of Trajan. It is seated on the Bosweth ; near the Save, 41 miles SE. of F.sseck, and 17 NW. of Belgrade. Lon. ao. 19 E. Lit. 4$. 13. N.

SIRMOND, James a learned French Jesuit, the son of a magistrate, born at Riom, in 1559. After studying at the college of B'llom, he joined the society in 1576. In 15S8, he began to translate the works of the Greek fathers and to write Notes upon Apcllimarjs Sidonius. In 1590, his general Aquaviva sent for him to Rome to he his S'cretary; which office he executed successfully for 16 years vinting libraries, studying antiquities and consulting M. SS. He also Assisted Card. Baroniusin his -Ecclesiastical Annals. He returned to Paris, in «6o6; where he published many works. Lewis XIII. appointed him his confessor, in 1637. In 164J he returned to assist at the election of a new general. He spent much of his time in collecting the works of the writers of the middle age, which he published ■with notes. His whole works amounted to 15 vols. folio, of which 5 are entirely his own. He 4ied at Rome, 7 Oct. 1651, aged 91.

S1RNAME, n.s. [from Sire and name,] the fatpily name. Ash. See Surname.

To Siruame. v. a. To give the family name; to give a new or additional name.

SIROCCO, n.s. [Italian; sjrus ivntusj Latin.] The south-ealt or Syrian wind.—

Forth rush the levant and the ponent winds, Eunis and Zephyr, with their lateral noise, Sirocco and Libecchio. Milton. {%.)Tbe SiRocco, or Scirocho, is a periodical wind which generally blows in Italy and Oalmatia every year about Easter. It blows from the SE. by E. it is attended with beat, but not rain; its ordinary period is ze days, and it usually ceases at tnnset. When the fcrocco does not blow in this manner, the summer is almost free from wefteriy winds, whirlwinds, and Itorm.?. This wind is prejudicial to plants, drying and burning up the bntls; though it huits not men arvy otherwise than by causing au eKtraordinary weakness and lassitude-; inconveniences that arc fully compensated by a plentiful fishing, and a ^ood crop of <:orn on the mountain'. In summer when the wrfteriy wind cease for a day, it is a sign that the sirocco will blow the day following, which usually begins with a £>rt of whirl wind.

SIROD, a town of France in the dep. of Jura: 3 m. SSW. of Nueroy, and 11 SE. of Poligny. SJRONG, or Sekonge. See Seronge.

* S1ROP. See Sirup.

SIROPUM, an ancient town of Egypt, mentioned by Pliny, supposed to be modern Siwa.

SIROVVY, a town of Hindoostan, in Agimerc: 4% miles NW. of Cheitore, and 60 SE. of Agimerr. Lon. 74. 13. E. Lat 16. 1. N.

SfRPY, a town of Hindoostan, in the Mysore: 30 miles S£. of Chittldroog, and 65 N. of Seringaoatam.

SIRR, or Sir. See Sir, %.

* SIRRAH, n.s. [sir, ha! Mw/liew.) A corapcilation of reproach and insult.—

Go, sirrah, to my cell, Bbakesp. Sirrah, There's no room for faith, troth, or honesty in this bosom of thine. Shak.—It runs in the blooi of your whole race, sirrah, to hate our family. UEstran<rc.

Guess how the goddess greets her son; —Corre hither, sirrah; no, btgone. Pricr.

SIRUM, a town of Persia, in the province of Segestan: 40 miles E. of-Zareng.

* SIRUP. Sirop. n.s. [Arabick.] The juice of vegetables boiled with sugar.—

Her words in sirup laid of sweetest breath.

Sidney.

Not poppy, nor mandragora,
Nor art! the drowsy sirups of the world
Shall ever mciscine thee to that sweet sleep.

Shot.

With spirits of balm, and fragrant syrope mixt. Milton. —If they be boiled into the consistence of a sirup, and set in a cool pjace, the essential salt of the plant will ssioot upon the sides of the vessels. Ar hut knot.

* S1RUPED. adj. [fromsirup.] Sweet, like si- . rup; bedewed with sweets.—

We'll lick thesyrupt leaves. Drayten.

* SIRUPY. adj. [fromsirup.} Resembling lirup. —Apples are of asirupy tenacious nature. Mart.

SISACHTHIA,

SI5ACHTHIA, in Attic antiquity; r. A la* faftitmed by Solom, tor the remittance ot all <Seb:sr J. a solemn sacrifice instituted in commemoration of that law. See Attica, § Z:

SIS AL, a town of Mexico, in Yucatan; 24 Itiki E. of Cape Condeccdo.

SiSCAR, a town of Spain, in Arragon^

SISCO, a town of Corsicar in.N. of Bustia.

• SISE. n.f. [contracted from ajizc.)— You saidy it i returned next fiat in lent,

I should be in remitter of your grace. Donne.

S1SERA, a general of the Canaanites, under K. hbin U. who was defeated by the Israelites under Deborah and Sara*, with great daughter • •this troops, and obliged to fly for refuge to Jael the wife of Heber, the Kcnite, who was at peace with Jabin, bttt who treacherously murdered him, ■while Deeping in the confidence of her protection, h 'u impossible to vindicate this action of Jaei's, BDiesi upon the general principle, that it is lawful to nd tbc world of apprrjorr by any means. Deborah, iocVed, praises and pronounces a blessing toon her for it, in the popular song she composed after the victory, (Jud1.' v. 241) but though (he was undoubtedly an inspired prophetess, we are cot certain, if in this composition she was inspired by u>y thing but her patriotic Zeal for her countrymen, now restored to their liberty, after a trdious opprcliion of 20 years. That this act of JirPs, whereby the victory of the Israelites over their oppressors was completed, was ordained ty ine Almighty, is evident from the context tCH.iv. f.) where it was foretold by Deborah r but thu ioc not justify the action, any more than the rreirtrry of judas, which was also foretold many frsrjnes before if happened, but is no-where vindicated on that account.

SliGOW, a territory of the Helvetic republic, in Balk. Sissac is the capital.

SISIBOU", a town of Nova Scotia, on the W. coaft: x; miles SSW. of Annapolis.

SISiGAMBIS or Syskjambis, the mother of Dirius If!. K. of Persia. See Ma<_ n,-< s, £ 16; and Oratory, j' 267.

StSINILLA, a town in the island of Cuba; r» aitej ENE. of Trinidad.

SISIMITHRÆ, a fortified town of Persia, in Sactriana; 15 stadia high, and go in circumference where Alexander married Roxana. Slrcf.

If.

SISINNIUS, Pope of Rome, was 3 native of S-r-a, who rote through various gradations in toe clerical line, till at last, on the death of John VH. in 70*, he was elected? pope, but did not enjoy the triple crown 3 week-, dying the loth day sfeer bis election.

U.)» SISKIN. ». /. [cbtoru, lit.] A bird ; a pees finch.

- I-k:v. See Frihgilla-, N° I*.

SiSNOVIA, a town of Maritr.ne Austria, in Una: j miles SE. of Pedena.

SISON, BASTARD- STONE PARSLEY1, in bota

r>y '■ A genus of plants belonging to the class of faitandrim, and to the or'er of digjnia; and in the natural system arranged under the 4,5th order, •miellat*. The fruit i9 egg-shaped and stieaked; tat iBvoiocTa axe subtetraphylioiw. There are 7 specie*;

I. SlSOH Ammi.

a. Sison Amomum, common bastardfar/Us, or Jield /lone-ivort, is a biennial plant about three feet high, growing wild in many places of Britain. Its feeds are small, striated, ot an oval figure and brown colour. Their taste Is warm and aromatic. Their whole flavour |s extracted by spirit of wine, which elevates very little of it 111 distillation y and hence the spirituous extract has the Savour in great perfection, while the watery extract has very little. A tincture drawn with pure spirit is of a green colour. The feeds have been esteemed aperients diuretic, and carminative; but arc now" little regarded.

3. Sison C&nasiksi, the Canada bastard parsley, is common in Canada.

4. Sisaw FALSUH, the false bastardpar/ley.

5. SiiOH Iniindatum, least <water-parsnept. The stem is about I or 10 inches high, branched, and creeping: the have?, below the water, are capillary; above it arc pinnated 7 the umbels are bifid. It grows wild in our ditches and ponds.

6-. Sis OS Secetum-, torn parsley or bony wort. The Items are numerous, (lender, striated, branched, and leaning -r the leaves are pinnated; the pinnae are oval, pointed, and seriated, fix or eight pair, and one at the cud : the umbels small a Del drooping; the flowers minute and white. It grows in our corn fields and hedges,

7.SIS0N TtERTieiLLA/TUM,Ufrtioi//slfrst/cti, has

small leaves iu whirls, and capillary; the Item is two feet, with few leaves; the common umbel is composed of 8 or 10 rays, the partial of iftor 20; both involucra are composed of live or six oval acute foliola; the flowers are all hermaphrodite, and the petals white. It grows wild in Britain.

SJSSA, a town of Parma; is miles NW. 06 Parma.

SISSAC, or) » town of the Helvetic, republic

SISSACH, Jin Baste, capital of Sisgow; 13miles SE. of Basle.

SKSAN, a town of Martime Austria, in Mlria S j miles- ENE. eif Pola.

SrSSEG, a town of Croatia, on the Save ; 49 miles E. of Carlstadt, and 38 of Zftgravia. Lon. 16. 17. E. Lat. 46. 6. N.

SISSONNE, a town of France, in the dep. of Ailne: 10^ miles E. of Laon, and 10 N. of Rhimes.

SISSOPOU, or SiZEBOLt) a town of European Turkey, in Romania; with a Greek archbishop'* fee 011 a peninsola of the Black Sea; 25 mile* S. of Mesembna, 75 NE. of Adrianople, and 97-. or 1-0.5- NW. of Constantinople. Lon. 28. 9. E. Lat. 42. 31. N.

(1.) • SISTER, n.s. [st.'xoster, Saxon; wifir, Dutch.}. 1. A woman born ot the same parents; correlative to brother.'—

Hvrsisti r began to scold. Shak. —I have laid to the worm, thou art my mother and mystjler. Job, xvii. 14. 2. Woman of the fame faith; a christian. One of the fame nature, human being.—If a brother or stster be naked, James, ii. 15. 3. A female of the fame kind.— He chid the stieri. Skak. Macbeth.

4. One of th.e lame land; one of the fame ccur dition.—

» Tbt The women, who would rather wrestthelaws, - Than let ar-plaintiff lose the cause. Drydcn. There grew two olives, closest of the prove, With ^«--fruits: one fertile, one was wild. Pope. (i.) * Sister Is Law. n.s. A husband or wife's fister.—Thy sifter in law is pone back unto her people: return thou after thysifter in law. Ruth, i. 15.

•sisterhood, n.s. [fromsisters 1. The office or duty of a fister.—

She left to do the part Ofsisterhood, to do that of a wife. Daniel. 3. A set of sisters. 3. A number of women of the fame order.—

Wishing a mere strict restraint

Upon the ftsterbood. Shakespeare. —A woman who flourishes in her innocence, amidst that spite and rancour which prevails aroong her cxtfpentcdsfterhood, appears more amiable. Addison.

* SISTERLY, adj. [fromsifters Like a sister; becoming a sister.—

Myft/lerlf remorse confutes mine honour,

And I did yield to him. Shakespeare.

SISTERON, a town of France, in the dtp. of the Lower Alps, and ci-devant prov. of Provence; seated on the right bank of the Durance, at the foot of a high rock, on which it has a citadel, which was for some time the prison of Casimir V. king of Poland. It is 30 miles NE. of Apt, 35 SW. of Embrun, and 45 NE. of Aix. Lon. 6.1. E. Lat. 44; ia. N.

SISTERSDORF. See Zistersdorf.

SISTON, a manufacturing village of Eng'and, in Gloucestershire, 7 miles from Bristol; seated in a pleasant vale, on a rivulet that runs into the Avon. It has manufactures of brass and saltpetre ; and tin ore is found near it.

SISTRUM, orCisTRUM, an ancient musical instrument used by the priests of Isis and Osiris. It is described by Spon as of an oval form, in manner of a racket, with three sticks traversing it breadthwise; which playing freely by the agitation of the whole instrument, yielded a kind of sound which to them seemed melodious. Mr Malcolm takes it to be no better than a kind cf rattle. Oiielius observes, that the sistrum is found represented on several medals, and on talismans.

SISY, or Sis? Sur Ourco, a town of France, in the dcp. of the Seine and Manic: 7 miles NK. of Meaux, and \ E. of Damartin, seated on the Ourcq.

S1SYGAMBIS. See Macedon, § 16; and O

RATORY, § 267.

SISYMBRIUM, Water Cressfs, in botany: a genus of plants belonging to the class of tctradjnamia, and to the order ofs:Iiq:ir, a; and in the natural system ringed under the 39th order. Siliquo/'*. The filiqua, or pod, opens with valves somewhat straight. Ti e calyx and corolla arc expanded. There are 29 species, of which 8 aie natives of Britain ; viz.

1. Sisymbrium Amthibium, water radish. The stem is firm, erect, and two or three teet high; the leaves are pinnatifid, and serrated ; the (sowers arc yellow, and in spikes; the pods are somewhat oval, and short. It glows iu water.

2. Sisymbrium Irio, broad leaved rochet cr hedge mustard ; tbc stem is smooth, and about 1 sect hiph; the leaves are broad, naked, pinnated, and halberd shaped at the end ; the floweri are yellow, and the pods erect. It grows on waste ground.

3. Sisymbrium Mon En Se, yellow rocket. The stem is smooth, and about 6 or 8 inches high ; t'.e leaves are pinnatifid; the pinnae remote, generally 7 pair; the slower is yellow; the petals entire; the calyx is closed. It grows in the Me of Man.

4. Sisymbrium Murale, or wall rocket. The stems are rough, and about eight inches high ; the leaves grow on foot-stalks, lance-shaped, smooth, sinuated, and serrated; the flowers are yellow; the pods a Iittl« compressed, and slightly carina'. ed. It grows on sandy ground in the North, Anglsea, &c.

5. Sisymbrium Nasturium, common water eresi, grows on the brinks of rivulets and water ditches. The leaves have from 6 to 8 pair m smooth succulent and sessile pinnae; the flowers are small and white, and grow in short spikes or tufts. The leaves have a moderately pungent taste, emit a quick penetrating smell, lite that of mustard feed, but much weaker. Their pungiii* matter is taken up both by watery and spiritou-; menstrua, and accompanies the aqueous juice, which issues copioully upon expression. It is very volatile, so as to arise in great part in distillati"^ with rectified spirit, as well as with water, arc*, almost totally to exhale in drying the leaves, or inspissating by the gentlest heat to the consistence of an exttact, either the expressed juice, or the watery or spiritous tinctures, Both the inspirited juice, and the watery extract, discover to the taste a saline impregnation, and in keeping thmw up crystalline efflorescences to the surface. On distilli.ijr considerable quantities of the herb with water, a small proportion of a subtile volatile very pungent oil is obtained. Water-cesses obtain a place in the Materia Mcdica for their antiscorbutic qualities, which have been long very pcnerally acknowledged by physicians. They arc also suppoied to purify the blood and humours, and to open visceral obstructions. They are nearly allied to scurvy grass, but arc more mild and pleasant, and for thi4 reason arc frequently eaten as salad. Jn the pharmacopœias the juice of this plant is directed with that of scurvy-grafs aud Seville oranges: and Dr Cullen has remarked, that the addition of acids renders the juices of the plant t filiquofe nvre certainly effectual, by determining them H;Ore powerfully to an acescent fermentation.

6. Sistmiirium Silvestre, water-rocket. Ti e stem is weak, branched, and above a foot highThe leaves are pinnated ; the pinnae lancc-fhapeil. and serrated; the flowers small, aud yellow) and grow frequently in shallow water.

7. Sisymbrium Sophia, H Ixweft). The stem is firm, branched, and two or three feet high ; the leaves are multifid; the segments are narrow; the (lowers arc yellow ; the petals much lefothan the calyx; the pods are long, stiff, curved, without style, and erect; the feeds are minute, and ydiow. It grows 00 wails, waste ground. Sic.

8. Sis

« PreviousContinue »