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ronTiessiirae-hr deserts of Arabia, and the nrre the mere instruments of real learning, and think

"cMS'a? kingdom of Yemen, with the pleasant them improperly confounded with learning itself:

s [Sat tbe Arabs have subdued or colonized; the attainment of them is, however, indifpenfab

I farther *rstward, the Asiatic dominions of ly necessary; and if to the P-rsian, Armenian,

TurkiCi sultans, whose moon seems approach- Turkish, and Arabic, could be added not only

r.pidly »o it« wane. By this great circurr.se. the Shanscrit, the treasures of which we may now

cr the field of your usual researches will be in- hope to fee unlocked, but even the Chinese, Tar

lel; but since Egypt had unquestionably an taiian, Japanese, and the various insular dialects,

rosaection with this country, since the lan- an immense mine would th-n be open, in whica.

£: and literature of the Abysfinians bear a we might Lbour with equal delight and advan

- ■ t: affinity to those of A!u, since tbe Arabi- tape."

iraspievailcd alone the African coast us the Of this society 3 volumes of the Tran/nffiom ilfrranean, and •rven erected a powerful dy- hnvc been pubiilhed, which are replete with infos the continent of Europe, you may not formation in a high decree curious anc! impoitant; *i/rasrd < ccasionaliy to follow the streams of and we hope that the European wond shall soon {.1: learning a little beyond its natural boun- be favoured with anothtr. Th; death of the ac r; aud, rf it be necessary that a short name he complitbed president may indeed damp the spirit 5 to our society, that of Asiatic appears both of investigation amon£ the members; for to conLai and proper, whether we consider the Cjuer difficulties so great as they n ull meet with, t T the object of the institution, and prefer- a portion seems to be nectflary of that enthusiasm.

Oriental, which is a word merely relative, which accompanied all the pursuits of Sir Wil

rorreys no very distinct idea. liamjQnesj but his successor is a man of great

Knnsritke asked, What are the intended woith an t learning, and we trust will use his ut

fUof our inquiries within these spacious li- most endeavours to have the plan completed of

!• *t answer, Man aud Nature; whatever which Sir William gave the outline*, termed by tbe one or produced by the other. IX. The American Philosophical Socie

sai knowledge has been elegant.y analysed TV, held at Philadelphia, was formed in Jan.

i"!:*r to the three great faculties of the rr.ird, 1769, by the union of two societies which had for

1-7, rea 'cii, and imagination, whtcb we enn- meriy subsisted in that city. This society extends

Slf End err.plr.yc.-1 in arranging and retaininq, its attention to geography, mathematics, natural

tari-p and di'tinc'jisriir.g, combining and di- philosophy, and astronomy; medicine and ana

Hsrf, the ideas which we receive through tomy; natural history and chemistry; trade and

'**!-<. or acquire by reflection: htnee tHe commerce; mechanics and architecture; hufban

t?.v.a branches of learninr /re, history, seienet, diy and American improvements. Its officers are

the first comprehends either an account a patron, president, three vice-presidents, one

ituril productions, or the genuine records of treasurer, four leerttancs, and three curators, who

"t: and states; the second embraces the a-e annually chosen by bal.ot. The duly of th=

iceirele of pure and mixed mathematics, to- president, vice-presidents, treasurer, and secret*

Twiti ethics and law, as far as they depend tie", is the fame as in the Other society. The

t rcasorrng faculty; and the jd includes ail business of the curaters is to take the charge of all beauties of irrugerv an t the charms cf inven- specimens of natural productions, whether of the • .i.fplaycd in m >riuiated language, or repre- animal, vepetahle, or fossil kingdom; all models ■! by colour, figure, or sound. , of machines and instruments; and ad other nutAgreeably to this analysis, you will invefli- ters belonging to the society which shall be w'liatever is rare in the stupendous fabric of trusted to them. The ordinary meetings are held *c, will correct the geography of Alia by new on the hrst and third Fridays of every month from' nations and discoveries; will trace the an- October to May inclusive. This society was in'-"J even tradition of those nations whofrem corporated by charter ifth March i;8o; and has> 'a time have peopled or desolated it; and published three volumes of i 13 Transactions, conliring to light their variou? forms of poyern- tairiing mauy ingenious papers 011 general literati *:th their institutions ciyil and religious; ture and the sciences, as well as respecting those *:!l examine.\heir improvements. and me- subjects peculiar to America. It is a delightful ■> m arithmetic and geometry ; in triponome- prospect to the phiioiopher to consider, that Asia, '-lisuration, mechanics, optics, astronomy, Europe, and America, though far separated and ••"eral physics; their systems of morality, divided into a variety of political states, are all ^ur, rhetoric arid dialectic; their Ikill in three combined topromote the cause of knowledge

■"very and roe licifne;and fheir advancement, and truth.

'tserit m*y'be','in anatomy and chemistry. X. A Literary and Philosophical SoctE

thii'yoii'wiir/aad*Ksea^ches into their agricul- TY, of consideiable reputation has been cstabl lh

■ nar.ufactuiesj iradf,; and whilst you in- ed at Manchester, under the direction of two pret «it| pleasure iijt,p their music, architecture, sident?, tour viee-prelidents, .md two secretaries. 'inf) anil poetry, wiil not neplcct those in- The, number of members is limited to to; besides :' irti bf which the comforts and even tie- whom there arc several honorary members all of. "n of sodas life are supplied or improved, whom are elected by ballot; and the officers are

nuy observe, that 1 have omitted their lan- chosen annually in April. Four volumes of vast'-, the diversity and difficulty of which are lnable essays have been already pullilhed by this J obstacle to' ihe progress of useful know- society, and often quoted in our work. iMfcdt'Bawc ever copsi-Jcred Uotyia^et U XI. Socunj'ir P*.o»*otimcj the BisccjTtar

I

es the Interior Parts O/africa. This association for exploring the internal districts ot Africa, of which so little is at present known, W.is formed in London by some opulent individuals in j ;who, ft-ongly impressed with a conviction of the practicability and utility of thus enlarging trie fund of human knowledge, determined if poliible to rescue the age from tLat stigma which attaches to its ignorance ot so large and so near 3 portion of the globe. The founders of this society resolved to admit no man a member for a shorter period than three years, duiing which tic mult pay -annually into the public fund five guineas. Astir trine yeais, any member, up in giving a year's notice, may withdraw himself from the association. During the first 12 months each of the members w %s allowed to recommend for the approbation of she society such of his friends as he rr.ipht think pmp r to be admirted into it; but since that period we believe all additional members have been elected by a ballot of the association ut large. A commiifee was chosen by ballot to man ge the fimd6 of the society, to choose proper peisor.s r»> be sent on the discovery o the interior parts of Africa, and to carry on the society's correspondence, with express injunctions to disclose no inrellijciicc received from their agents but to the society at large But a fuller account of the nature of this establishment, and the very hapny efforts they have made, may bt seen in the superb •edition of their proceedings printed in J7go, 4(0, for their own use; or in the $vo edition since made public. They soon found two gentlemen, Mr Luc.is ard Mr Ledyard, who were -singularly well qualified for the important mission. The information rhey have acquired will .tie found in the above work; with a new man by Mr Kennel, exhibiting the geographical knowledge colleced by the African association. Mr Ledyard very unfortunately died during his researches at Cairo. Mr Mungo Park has since prosecuted the objects of the Society's inquiries with amazing industry, abilities, and success; of which the various extracts we h;ive given from his Travels in this work assoid abundant evidence.

XU. 7"ifcif Society os Antiquarifs os I OsDon, was founded about the year 1,571 by Abp. Farkei, a munificent patron of learned men. For the space of 40 years it assembled in the house of Sir Robert Cotton ; in 1589 they resolved to apply to Queen Elizabeth for a charter and a public building where they might hold their meetings; but it is uncertain whether any such application was ever made. In the mean time, the reputation of the society gradually increased, and at length it excited the jealousy of James I. who was afraid Jest it should presume to canvass the secret transaction? of his government. He accordingly dissolved it. ' But in 1717, the Antiquarian Society began to revive; and 1 number of gentlemen, eminent for their affection to this science, had Weekly meetings, in which they examined the antiquities and history of Great Britain preceding the, reign of James I. but. without: excluding any other remarkable antiquities that "might be offered to'! tfiem. From this'thre the society grew ilTfipor-," tancf; and in 175O they unanimously "reso.'vedit6° r^rriirjfi- the* Jthig fora charter •cV'incbrptoaftdn.

This they obtained, in 1751, by she influence th- celebrated Eari ofllar.lwicke, then lord-cr. ccllor, and Martin Folkes, Esq; who was ttier. tl president. The king declared himself their sou cr ami p.ttr n, and empowered them to ha.vc a dy of It at u'es, and 1 common seal, an<T t<> bo!< perpetuity 'and-, Scc.tothe yearly value of L. J<l The chief object of the inquine> arid rcArarc of this society are Rrrriih antiquities and hitto not, however, wholly excluding those of ot countries* The study of antiquity offers to curious and inquisitive a large field tor rcsea and amusement. The inquires in this branch' njlhes the historian with his best materials, d hcdisttnguilhcs from truth the fictions of a bold vention, and ascertains tl>e credibility of sac and to the philosopher he presents a fruitful sou of ingenious speculation, while he puiiiis o :t him the way of thinking, ai d the manners of rr. under all the varieties of aspect ia which they b; appeared.

Besdes these literal y societies here mention there arc a great number more in difseiciit pa of Europe, some of which are noticed under I article Academy. Those which are o.Tikt »re not omitted on account of any idea of tfi inferior importance; but either because we ha had no access to authentic information, or becar they resemble the societs'es already described closely, that we could have given nothing b their names.

Sect. III. Socifth-s.for Ekcou*aoisg Ai Promoting Arts, Manufscturis, Esv.

I. The London Society far the Encour Ao

M tNTo/"AKTS,MAM'FACT\JRES,<in^Coi* M csRC

was instituted in 1754 by Lord Folkstoue, L.J Romney, Dr Stephen Hales, and a few pi i vatc gcj tlemen ; but the merit of this institution chiefly b longed to Mr William Shipley, an ingenious jrv chanic ; who, though dei iving no advaiktagts fi 0 learning, by unwearied personal attendance foiu means to engage a few persons of rank and forti to meet at Pceie's coffeehouse in Fleetstrcet, t to adopt a plan for promoting arli and naanui tiires.

The office-bearers of this society area preside twelve vice-pielidents, a secretary, and regii Their proceedings are regulated by rules and I dei s established by the whole society, and prii 11 sor the use of the members. AU questions arei termined by mow of hands, or by ballot; and matter can be confirmed without the astent o majority at two meetings. They invite all I world to propose subjects for encouragement; 3 whatever in deemed deserving attention is rtfen to a committee, who, after due inquiry and liberation, make their report to the whole socie where it is approved, rejected, or altered. A i. published every year of the matters for w h they propose to give premiums; which are cit surris of money, and those sometimes very cotilij abje, or thesoeiety's medal in gold or silver, whj they consider as the greatest honour they can stOW. All poslibie care is. taken to prevent p^ ahty iti the distribution of th«ir premiums, by; poiittirig commitrecs (who when they Bud occ.is Cfll'trft^cifamstar.ce the most flulful" artists.)!

the drift exarrr ation of the real merit of all matters brought bef "re them".' •

The chief objects of the attention of this Society in the Jpplkation of their rewards are ingenuity h the arts, useful discoveries and improvements in agricultnre, manufactures, rr.eclianics, and chenSrr, or the !aytr>g open us any such to the public; ard m general, all such useful invention-, discoteries, or improvement?, as may tend to the advantage of trade and commerce.

It U required that the matters for which premium! are offered be delivered in without names, or iay intimation to whom they belong; that each p»ncular thing be marked in what manner each cuhrcmt thinks fit, such claimant fending with it ipj?er sealed up, having on the outside a corresposduig mirk, and on the inside the claimant's raise and addrrfs. No papers shall be opened tat such as fhall'gain premiums; all the reft fclH he returned unopened, with the matters to which they belorg, if inquired after by the r.iiks within two years ; after which time, if not icM^dcd, they shall be publicly burnt unopened sonic mcetirg of the society. All the premiss of this society are designed for that part of Great Britain called England, Wales, and Berwick v?a Tweed. No person shall receive any preniam, bounty o; encouragement, from the socieiy far any matter for which he has obtained or f^poCrs to obtain a patent. No member of this spotty shall be a candidate for or intitled to retttititiy premium, bounty, or reward whatsoever, Qaptthc honorary medal.

Tfe respectabslit y of the members who.comP it may be seen by perusing the lift which acwapiaiei their Transactions. In vol. xii. it octtiftf> no less than 43 pages. Some idea may be failed of the wealth of this society, by observing tot the list of their premiums- fills <jei pages, and a"^atsto J50 in number. Thefeconfistof gold me4-It worth fro-n 301053, and in a few instances to ^guineas; and silver medals valued at 10 guineas.

Tbis society is one of the most important in Great, Britain. Much money has been expended £7 ft aid many are the valuable effects of which it -i> been productive. Among these we reckon not ""iy the discoveries which it has excited, but the "Sitution of other societies on the fame principles 10 which it has given birth; and future ages will roafider the founding of this society as one of the MS remarkable epochs in the history of the arts.

II. The Society at Bath Jar the Encourage *E,,T »f Agriculture, Arts, ManufacHus and Commerce, was founded in 1777, by ;•»«*! gentlemen who met at the efty of Bath, "is scheme met with a very favourable reception Mi from the wealthy and learned. The weal''T subscribed very liberally, and the learned t nmunicated many important papers. On ap\ i-ation to the London 1-J provincial societies 'ftituted for tlie like purposes they very politecoffered their ai'iftjrn-e. Seven vooimes of their }r<mja£nnt i) -.vc .ilrr^i1-, Ken published, contain'■S Try valuable exf.w: ers and observation?, ; 'rt(cs:4rly respecting .1.; Iture, whicii well de'■^ the attention of al, B in the kingdom,

^t Wtefrwjuci.tiv tcf. . them in the course

III. Socitty For Working Mines, an association lately Formed on the continent jf EuropeThis institution arose from the accidental meeting of several mineralogists at Skleno near Schemnitsi in Hungary, who met to examine a new method of amalgamation. Struck with the (hackles imposes on mineraiogy by monopolizers of new and Ttfeful processes, they thought no method so effectual to break them, as form'ng a society, whose common labours should be directed to fix mining on its surest principles; and whose memoirs, spread over all Europe, might offer to every adventurer the result of the researches, of which they are the objtct. By these means there would be a mass of information collected; the interest* of individuals would he loft in the general interest; and the o::e would materially assist the other.

The object of the society is physical geography; mineralogy founded on chemistry; the management of ores; subterraneous geometry; the history of mining; rounderies, and the processe* for the extraction of metais from the ores, either by fusion or amalgamation, in every instance applied to practice. The end of tliis institution is to collect every thing that can assist the operations nf the miner, and to communicate it to the different members, that they may employ it for the public good, in their respective countries. Each member pays annually two ducats (about i?s. 6 d.) to the direction every Easter. The society is bound to uublilh every novelty that shall be communicated to it; to communicate to each member the memoirs, designs, models, productions, and every thing connected with the institution ; to answer all the necessary demands nude, relating in any respect to mining; and to give its opinion on every plan or project communicated through the medium of an honorary member.

The great centre of intelligence is at Zellerfield in Hartz, Brunswick: but the society i= not fixed to any one spot; for in every particular state some practical mineralogist is nominated a? director. Among these are the names of Baron Born, M. Pallas, M. Carpentier, M. Prehra, and M. Henkel. Their officer 19 to propose the members; to take care that the views of the society are followed out; to answer the requests of the members; in cafe of the death of a director, to choose another; and to determine where the archives and the strong box i« to be placed. AU the eminent mineralogists in Europe are members of this society. It id erected on the m.»: liberal and extensive plan.

IV. Tim Society sir the Tmprovemfnt O/niVal Architecture, was founded in 1791. The object of it is to encourage every useful invention and discovery reiatin;; to naval architecture, both by honorary ami pecuniary rewards. To improve the theories of floating bodies and of the resistance of flui Is; to procure draughts and models of different vessel?, wiih calculation* of their capacity, centre of gravity, tonnage, Sec.; to make observations and experiments and to point out such as appear best calculated to 'nrUirr their designs; in a word to cultivate whatever may tend to render navigation core life, hilutvy, aud even pleafint.

This institution owes its existence to the patr* Otic disposition and extraordinary attention of Mr Sewel a citizen of London, who has been led to take such particular notice of the state of naval architecture in this country. His attention was the more seriously excited, by finding-that it was the opinion of sum; private ship-builders, who, in a debate on the failure of one of our naval engagements, pronounced, that such "would e▼er be the case, while the construction of our ships of war was not studied as a science, b it carried on merely by precedent; that there had not been one improvement in our navy that d:d not originate with the French, who had naval schools and seminaries for the study of it; and that our (hips ■were not a match for those of that nation either singly or in a fleet, &c."

In a short time the society were enabled to offer very considerable premiums for pailicular improvements in the construction of our (hipping, &c. and also to encourage our philosophers, mathematicians, and mechanics, to make satisfactory experiments, tending to ascertain the ia*vs of resistance of water to soiids of different forms, in all varieties of circumstances. On this head the reward is not less than L. 100 or a gold medal. Other premiums of 50, 30, and 10 guineas, according to the importance or difficulty of the particular subject or point of investigation, are likeWise offered, for different discoveries, inventions, or improvements. The terms of admission into the society are a subscription of two guineas annually, or 10 guineas for life.

V. The Society of Artists of Great BriTain, which consists of directors and fellows, was incorporated by charter in 1765, and empowered to purchase and hold lands, not exceeding 1000 I. a year. The directors of this society, annually elected, consist of 14 persons, including the president, vice-president, treasurer, and secretary; and it is required that they be tithcr painters, sculptors, architects or engravers by profession.

VI. The British Society for Extending tlx Fisheries and Improving th: Sea Coasts of This Kingdom, was instituted in 1786. The design of this society will best appear from their charter, of which we subjoin an abstract. The preamble states, " the great want of improvement in fisheries, agriculture, and manufactures, in the Highlands aud islands ofNvith Britain; the prevalence of the emigration from the want of employment.in those puts; the prospect of a new nursery of seamen, by the establishment of sistiing towns and villages in that quarter. The act therefore declares, that the persons therein named, and all other perlons who shall thereafter become proprietors of the joint stork mentioned therein, ih ill be a distinct .:'id separate body politic and coroorate, by the name abnve quoted. That the said society may raise a capi

tal joint stock not exceeding IJO,000 1. to be plied to purchasing lands and tenements in petuity for the building thereon tree to-vns, lages, and filhing stations: that the joint C shall be divided into lhares of 50 !. each: 1 no one person stiall in bis or her name p more than ten shares, or 5001.: That the: foe shall not borrow money: That the scirhs t« advanced, and the profits arising therefrom, be divided propirtioiubiy to the sum subfcnl and that no person shali be liable for a larger than he or she shad have respectively subfcnl That one or two (hares lhalt entitle to ont and no more, in perscn or by proxy, at all rr ings of proprietors; 3 or 4 shares to two v.> 5, 6, or 7 shares to 3 votes; 8 or 9 shares votes; and 10 (hares to 5 votts and no mt That more persons than one inclining to bc:< their joint names one or more ssiares shall be titled to vote, by one of such persons, acern to the priority of their names, or by proxy: 1 bodies corporate ihali vote by pioxy under t seal: That all persons ho'duig proxies fliaii proprietor"-, ami that no person shali hold rr than five votes by proxy: That the affairs or society (had be managed by a governor, dep governor, and 13 other directors, to be tle> annuaby ou the" ajth of Man h, from the [ prietors, holding at least one fud (lure, by sig lists of their names to be transmitted to the sei tary: That live proprietors, not being gorcri director, or other officer, ihail Le in like m«a annually elected to audit the accounts of the ciety: that theie shad be one general meeting tile proprietors annually on ttic a5ih of Man That occasional general meetings sh'll be ca 011 the request of nine or more proprietors : T the general meetings of the proprietors shall ni ail bye-laws and constitutions for the goverr.ni of the society, and for the orderly carrying or its business: That the calh of the society shall lodged in the bank of England, bank of Scotia or the royai bank of Scotland: That no d reel proprietor, agent, or officer of the socitty, il retain any sum or suais of money in his hands yond the space of 30 days: That all payme shall be made by draughts 011 the said hanks i der the hands of the governor or deputy go\ nor, countersigned by the secictary or hi» dejm and two or more director-: And ihzt the bo. in which the accounts of the sc' iety ihali be fci {had be open to all the proprietors. The lusti tion of this public spirited society was in a gr measure owing to the exertions of the patii... John Knox; who, in the course of »3 years t verted and explored the Highlands of Scotia no less than 16 times, and spent several thouli pounds of his own fortune in pursuing his patr tic designs.

VII. British Wool Society. See Wool.

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Oatara. Ot URUR,U,TAMOt',ToAHOATA,

WhimUniA. The soil, production*, people, language, religion, customs, and manners, are fa nearly the fame as at Otaheite, that little 1*ti be added here on that subject. Nature has >%eta equally bountiful in uncultivated plenty, Kdtbc inhabitants are as luxurious and as indotet. A plantain bianch is the emblem of peace, ■Unchanging names the greatest token of friendship. Tr.cir dar.c-s are more eltgant, thtii draeaK entertainments have something of plot and , and they exhibit temporary occuras the objects of praise or satire; so that of ancient comedy may be aircady disaraong them. The people of Huaheine are 1 stouter and fairer than those of Otaaod this island is rcmarkiblr for its popuan* fertility. Those ofTJlietea, on the |<ontnry, are smaller and blacker and much left Ty. Captain Cook put on shore a Cape ewe Bolabola, where a ram had been left by the ^miards; ard also an English boar and sow, '•la t wo goats, at Ulietea. If the valuable ani'ieju transported thither from Europe be suffered Jtomaliipiy, no part of the world will equal these ■awt* io variety and abundance of refreshments ; forfii'ure v ivieators.

80CINIANISM, n.s. the doctrine of the Sos, or Unitarians. See the next article. NS, in church-history, a sectofChrisberetics, so called from their founder FausSacinus. (See Socinus, N° a.) They mtinPm, "That Jesus Christ was a mere man, who fftno existence before he was conceived by the Mary; th.it the Holy Ghost is no distinct but that the Father is truiy and property They own, that the name of God is given ra the Holy Scriptures to Jesus Christ; but conttcfld, that rt is only a deputed title, which, howfever, invests him with an absolute sovereignty pveraJl created heings, and renders him an object <& worship to men and angels. They deny the factrioes of satisfaction and imputed righteousut; and say that Christ only preached the truth mankind, set before them in himself an example heroic virtue, and scaled his doctrines with his Original sin and absolute predestination they rfteetn scholastic chimeras. They likewise i, Baintain the sleep of the soul, which they say i htomes insensible at death, and is raised again with the body at the resurrection, when the good Cull be established in the possession es eternal feJtity, while the wicked lhall be consigned to a (re that will not torment them eternahy, but for i certain duration proportioned to their dtmeHs.*' This sect disclaim the name Sociiiani, and *Wy human leader; and professing to be guided fifes by the word of God and the deductions of session, they call themselves UsiTARrANi, and and affect to consider all other Christians, ever) lieir friends the Arians, a3 Polytbcijti. Modem Cniurianisin, as taught by Dr Priestly, in, however a tery different thing from Socmianism, as we find it in the KicoVian catechism and other Rtndard works of the sect. This far-famed philosopher has discovered what escaped the faultily of all the frateu pvlgm, that J«siu Christ Vui. XXI. Part J./

was the son of Joseph as well as MVy; that ftit evangelists mistook the meaning" of Isaiah's prophecy, that " a virgin stiould conceive arid bets a son j" that the applying of this prophecy to the, birth of our Saviour, led them to conclude that hi} conception was miraculous; and that we are not t6 to wonder at this mistake, as the apostles were not always inspired, ani were in general inconclusive reasoners. The mouesty of the wa iter tn claiming the merit of such discoveries Will appear in its proper colours to all cur readers: the truth of hit doctrine shall be considered under TstSotoCv.

SOC1NIOS, an emperor of Abvsfmia, who sent an embassy to pope Paul V. and, for some time, established the Roman Cathode religion in Abyssinia. See Ethiopia, § 33—38.

(1.) SOCINtfS, Lailius, the first author of the sect of the Socirjians, was born at Sienna in Tuscany, in Being designed by Ms father lor the law, he began very early so search for the foundation of that science fn the Word of God; and by that study discovered that the Romish religion taught many things contrary to revelation f when, being desirous of p«nctrafing farther into the true fense of the Scriptures, he studied Greek, Hebrew, and even Arabic. In 1547 he left Italy,' to go and converse with the Protestants; andt spent four years in travelling thro' France,' Fngland, the Netherlands, Germany, and Poland/ and at length settled at Zurich. lie th^i became acquainted with the most learned men of his time/ who testified by their letters the esteem' they bail for him: but as he discovered to them his doubts he was greatly suspected of heresy. Ise, however,conducted himself with such prudence, that he lived among the capital enemies of his opm.ons,' without receiving any injury. He rrret With som* disciples, who heard his instructions with respect; these were Italians who left their native country" on account of religion, and wandered about its Germany and Poland. He communicated likewise his sentiments to his relations b> his writings, which he caused to be conveyed to them as Sienna. He died at Zurich'in i t<V. Those w ho were" of sentiments opposite to his, and were personally acquainted with him, confess thai hia outward behaviour was blameless. He wrote a Parapitrase en the firjl chatter of Si Jtth f and other' W^rks are ascribed to him.

(».) Socinus, Faust us, nephew of the preceding, and principal founder* of the Socmrah sect, was born at Sienna in 153^'. The letters which' liis unch; Lsi'iUs wrote to his relations,'and'whicb; infused into them many seed;; of heresy, made ans impression upon him; so that rse siid 23 wjdi aj the reft, when the inquisition began to persecute, that family. He was at Lyons when" he Beard of his uocVs death, aiid"departed" i nmedialely to' take posses!)'in of his writing's: He" returned to Tuscany; and made himself so agreeabve to thC grand duke," that the clu'rms Wl,itlr he found in' that court, and she honourable pbi"fs he fil.ect sh»?re, hindered him for it years from pitting \Vi last hand to the system of divinity, of which hi»f uncle Lattiiis had rtiadt a sough draught. At lait he went into Germany in 1574, and paid no retard to the1 grand dulVs advices to return. H*' R ft**

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